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A escola pública e o lazer: um estudo de caso do programa parceiros do futuro - SEE/SP; Public schools and leisure: a case study of the Parceiros do Futuro Program SEE/SP

Pacheco, Reinaldo Tadeu Boscolo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/04/2004 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
Os grandes aglomerados urbanos ressentem-se da falta de espaços públicos para o usufruto do lazer. As políticas públicas nesse setor não são priorizadas. Na tentativa de suprir tais carências, acontecem intervenções estatais usando o único espaço público disponível em muitas regiões: a escola. Promovendo sua abertura aos finais de semana para diversas atividades, o Estado busca responder a uma demanda social por lazer, fazendo uso de um discurso de contenção de violência escolar e urbana por intermédio da ocupação social dos jovens das classes populares. Essa forma de intervenção revela uma idéia de controle social por meio do lazer, descaracterizando-o como direito social para qualquer cidadão. Além disso, as escolas que são objeto de intervenção não conseguem desenvolver um projeto autônomo, articulado com seu projeto pedagógico e sua realidade cotidiana. Dessa forma, não há articulação entre os processos de educação formal e não-formal. A falta de autonomia da unidade escolar e o precário processo de democratização das relações internas impedem a participação e o controle por parte da população do que é realizado na escola pública, que se torna refém de processos alheios à realidade local. A estrutura material e profissional precária impede que o programa possa qualificar as atividades desenvolvidas e os educadores...

A requalificação do centro antigo da cidade de São Paulo : politicas urbanas, planejamento participativo e gestão, no periodo de 2001-2004; The requalification of the São Paulo city antiquie center : urban policies, participative planning and management, in the period 2001-2004

Adriana de Almeida Colvero
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/02/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
Na gestão municipal de São Paulo do período de 2001-2004, o projeto de requalificação do Centro Antigo aparece como um dos eixos principais da gestão. As políticas públicas urbanas desenvolvidas para a requalificação deste território tiveram como focos: intervenções urbanísticas, revalorização simbólica e inclusão social e territorial. O que se procurou demonstrar nesta tese foi que a gestão municipal de São Paulo do período de 2001-2004, considerou que para a requalificação do Centro Antigo fazia-se necessário conhecer a dinâmica da realidade territorial e, para isso, estabeleceu um processo de gestão compartilhada e planejamento participativo na elaboração e aplicação das políticas. Para compreender o alcance e a importância das políticas, do planejamento participativo e da gestão compartilhada na requalificação do Centro Antigo, naquela gestão, procurou-se a opinião dos agentes e sujeitos sociais que participaram na elaboração destas políticas. Os relatos dos agentes e sujeitos expressaram, na consciência político-ideológica de cada grupo de representatividade, diferentes opiniões e avaliações das políticas públicas. Os resultados deste trabalho sugerem possibilidades para se repensar novas estratégias e ações na elaboração das políticas públicas e na condução do planejamento territorial urbano; The project of requalification of the São Paulo Antique Center appears as one of the main axles of the municipal management of 2001-2004. The developed urban public policies for the requalification of this area had as focuses: urbanistic interventions...

Mass Media and Public Services : The Effects of Radio Access on Public Education in Benin

Keefer, Philip; Khemani, Stuti
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
Does radio access improve public service provision? And if so, does it do so by increasing government accountability to citizens, or by persuading households to take advantage of publicly-provided services? Prior research has argued that citizens with greater access to mass media receive greater benefits from targeted government welfare programs, but has not addressed these questions for public services such as in education and health. Using unique data from Benin, this paper finds that literacy rates among school children are higher in villages exposed to signals from a larger number of community radio stations. The effect is identified based on a "natural experiment" in the northern communes of Benin where within-commune variation in village access to radio stations is exogenous to observed and unobserved village characteristics. In contrast to prior research, the authors find that this media effect does not operate through government accountability: government inputs into village schools and household knowledge of government education policies are no different in villages with greater access to community radio. Instead...

How Might India’s Public Health Systems Be Strengthened?

Das Gupta, Monica; Shukla, Rajendra; Somanathan, T.V.; Datta, K.K.
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
The central government s policies, though well-intentioned, have inadvertently de-emphasized environmental health and other preventive public health services in India since the 1950s, when it was decided to amalgamate the medical and public health services and to focus public health services largely on single-issue programs. This paper discusses how successive policy decisions have diminished the Health Ministry s capacity for stewardship of the nation s public health. These decisions have introduced policies and fiscal incentives that have inadvertently enabled states to prioritize medical services and single-issue programs over broader public health services, and diminished the capacity of the public health workforce to deliver public health services. Diseases resulting from poor environmental health conditions continue to impose high costs even among the more affluent, and hinder development. There are many approaches to strengthening the public health system, and the authors suggest one that may require relatively little modification of existing structures and systems. They suggest establishing a focal point in the Health Ministry for public health stewardship...

Public Expenditure Analysis

Shah, Anwar
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
This book provides tools of analysis for discovering equity in tax burdens as well as in public spending and judging government performance in its role in safeguarding the interests of the poor and those otherwise disadvantaged members of society, such as women, children, and minorities. The book further provides a framework for a rights-based approach to citizen empowerment-in other words, creating an institutional design with appropriate rules, restraints, and incentives to make the public sector responsive and accountable to an average voter. Various chapters in this book provide tools of analysis for addressing the following test questions: public burden test; poverty reduction test; social protection test; gender safeguard test; responsiveness test; and accountability test.

Chile - Zonas Extremas Policies and Beyond : An Assessment of Costs and Impact with Recommendations of Avenues for Policy Reform

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
In Chile, certain areas have historically been identified as Extreme Zones - Zonas Extremas (ZE) and qualified as such, have received special treatment in terms of public policies. Most of the exception instruments that currently benefit the ZE were created more than 20 years ago, and have followed an incremental dynamic, not based on impact assessments. This has generated a wide range of benefits, some of doubtful effectiveness and efficiency, with significant fiscal costs, and with diverse objectives that are not necessarily consistent. In addition, Chile has experienced considerable change since these policies were established, altering the conditions that initially justified some of them. Among the changes are greater decentralization, greater democratization - both at the national and local levels - opening and internationalization of the economy, social progress, and development of human capital. This study intends to develop guidelines for a comprehensive regional development policy for balanced long-term, and equitable growth, both at the interregional level-encompassing all the regions-and at the population level-with emphasis on targeting public efforts to the poorer population. Thus, the study will contribute to estimate the fiscal cost of the pro-ZE policies; to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of current ZE policies; and...

Involuntary Resettlement in Brazil : A Review of Policies and Practices

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The objective of this review of resettlement policy and implementation in Brazil, is to identify ongoing good practices, as well as areas for further improvement. It draws upon an assessment of the Brazilian legal and institutional framework related to land acquisition for projects in the public interest, a rapid evaluation of the resettlement programs in six projects (three projects that received Bank financing and three implemented without Bank support), interviews with experts in this field and with people affected by projects, and a literature review of national and international practices. The key findings and salient recommendations of this study, are summarized, and divided into the categories of identification and mitigation of impacts, institutional responsibility, costing and budgeting, meaningful consultations, grievance redress, monitoring and evaluation. are discussed below

Political Reforms and Public Policy : Evidence from Agricultural and Food Policies

Olper, Alessandro; Fałkowski, Jan; Swinnenm, Johan
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
This paper studies the effect of political regime transitions on public policy using a new data set on global agricultural and food policies over a 50-year period (including data from 74 developing and developed countries over the 1955 2005 period). The authors find evidence that democratization leads to a reduction of agricultural taxation, an increase in agricultural subsidization, or both. The empirical findings are consistent with the predictions of the median voter model because political transitions occurred primarily in countries with a majority of farmers. The results are robust to different specifications, estimation approaches, and variable definitions.

Global Public Policies and Programs : Implications for Financing and Evaluation

Gerrard, Christopher D.; Ferroni, Marco; Mody, Ashoka
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
These are the proceedings from a World Bank workshop on global public policies, and programs, assembled from transcripts, and accompanying papers. The combination of market failure, and limited institutional capacity to influence economic, and social change across national borders, underlies public discontent with aid. This formed the basis for discussions, looking for new approaches to the development assistance business, taking into account the growing integration of the global economy, and arguing that, beyond supporting market-friendly reforms, aid strategies must be designed to overcome social, and structural constraints to sustainable development. The broad range of cases examined include efforts to craft commonly accepted standards for the design, and operation of large dams; they address issues of global financial instability; explore the implications of intellectual property rights protection for developing countries; describe the promotion of international agricultural research; probe the implementation of international public health programs; and...

Thailand Social Monitor : Poverty and Public Policy

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
This is the sixth issue of the "Thailand Social Monitor." It is written for Thai policymakers, to provide them with the best evidence currently available on poverty and public policy, and to strengthen the foundation for anti-poverty strategies in Thailand. This report approaches Poverty in Thailand from four perspectives: 1) the changing profile of the poor, who they are, where they live, their defining characteristics, so as to better understand the dimensions of the problem (Chapters 1 and 2); 2) the changing profile of income inequality in Thailand, to assess whether income distribution should be an issue for public policy (Chapters 3 and 4); 3) some of the strategic, cross-sectoral issues that are at the center of public policy debates on poverty reduction in Thailand (Chapter 4); and 4) the performance of recent policies and programs to reduce poverty, so as to appreciate the strengths and limitations of public policy in this challenging domain (Chapters 5 and 6). The coverage of this report is thus broad. However...

World Bank Policy Lending and the Quality of Public Sector Governance

Smets, Lodewijk; Knack, Stephen
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This study investigates the impact of World Bank development policy lending for public sector governance on the quality of public sector management and institutions. The World Bank’s Country Policy and Institutional Assessments (CPIA) are used to measure the latter, the study considers only policy conditions targeted at improvements in those areas. The analysis uses a comprehensive country-year panel data set of aid receiving-countries and finds a significant and inverse U-shaped effect of public sector conditions on the quality of public sector governance. For most observed values in the data, the impact is positive, but it turns negative beyond a value of 80 conditions. At that point, the predicted CPIA score is about 0.25 point (0.3 standard deviation) higher than with zero conditions. For most observations, the number of cumulative conditions is below 80, so the estimated effect of more conditions is generally positive. The analysis corrects for potential endogeneity and shows that the results are robust to sample restrictions...

Agriculture Public Expenditure Review at the Federal and Subnational Levels in Nigeria (2008-12)

Olomola, Aderibigbe; Mogues, Tewodaj; Olofinbiyi, Tolulope; Nwoko, Chinedum; Udoh, Edet; Alabi, Reuben; Onu, Justice; Woldeyohannes, Sileshi
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Agricultural expenditure is critical to the transformation of the agricultural sector in Nigeria. Yet spending on agriculture remains at low levels in spite of the sector’s huge potential for wealth creation, employment generation, and poverty reduction. This report is a summary of the findings of the Nigeria agricultural public expenditure review (AgPER) at the federal and subnational levels. The main objectives of this review are to (1) examine the extent to which the size and composition of public spending on agriculture is consistent with national and subnational agricultural policies and development priorities, (2) analyze the efficiency and effectiveness of public resources allocated to agriculture, (3) understand the cross-tier fiscal and planning relationships between the federal government and subnational governments, (4) develop a database of public agricultural expenditures at the federal and subnational levels, and (5) provide recommendations on how to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of public agricultural spending to advance Nigeria’s Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA). In addition to the federal-level analysis...

Attacking Brazil's Poverty : A Poverty Report with a Focus on Urban Poverty Reduction Policies, Volume 1. Summary Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The first central message of this report is that Brazil has over the last years achieved great progress in its social policies and indicators. The second central message is that poverty remains unacceptably high for a country with Brazil's average income levels. The worst remaining income poverty is mostly concentrated in the Northeast region, and in the smaller urban and rural areas. The third central message is that, with decisive action, Brazil can achieve ambitious targets for further improvements in social indicators, including the objective of reducing the rate of extreme income poverty by 50 percent by the year 2015. Poverty is a complex and multi-dimensional phenomenon. Recognizing the rich literature on poverty in Brazil, this report attempts a few specific contributions. First, it presents a new 1996 poverty profile with a breakdown by city size, incorporation of the imputed value of owned housing, and regional price deflators. Second, it provides analysis of the incidence of selected public social spending based on the 1996/7 "Pesquisa sobre Padroes da Vida (PPV)." Third...

Brazil - Attacking Brazil's Poverty : A Poverty Report with a Focus on Urban Poverty Reduction Policies (Vol. 2 of 2) - Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
The first central message of this report is that Brazil has over the last years achieved great progress in its social policies and indicators. The second central message is that poverty remains unacceptably high for a country with Brazil's average income levels. The worst remaining income poverty is mostly concentrated in the Northeast region, and in the smaller urban and rural areas. The third central message is that, with decisive action, Brazil can achieve ambitious targets for further improvements in social indicators, including the objective of reducing the rate of extreme income poverty by 50 percent by the year 2015. Poverty is a complex and multi-dimensional phenomenon. Recognizing the rich literature on poverty in Brazil, this report attempts a few specific contributions. First, it presents a new 1996 poverty profile with a breakdown by city size, incorporation of the imputed value of owned housing, and regional price deflators. Second, it provides analysis of the incidence of selected public social spending based on the 1996/7 "Pesquisa sobre Padroes da Vida (PPV)." Third...

Senegal - Policies and Strategies for Accelerated Growth and Poverty Reduction : A Country Economic Memorandum

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Economic Memorandum; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This Country Economic Memorandum (CEM) finalized as the implementation period of the Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRSP) began, undertaken in a context of other significant investigations on PRSP themes. One of the main macroeconomic variables affecting growth and competitiveness of the Senegalese economy, is the nominal exchange rate, which, as a member of the West Africa Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU), its currency, the CFA franc, has a fixed parity to the Euro, and its issuance is governed for all members, by a single central bank, where the nominal exchange rate is not a policy variable under Senegal's direct control. This is why the CEM does not take up issues concerning the nominal exchange rate, however, several measures of the real exchange rate are examined. CEM chapters on human capital include treatment of PRSP-related issues in health and education. The chapters present a portrait of constraints hindering progress toward PRSP targets, and the main interrelated points, first, between health and education...

Explaining South Asia's Development Success : The Role of Good Policies

Ahmed, Sadiq
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
South Asia has performed well over the past 25 years in reducing poverty, improving human development and increasing growth, but faster progress with poverty reduction will require a higher rate of growth. This book shows that the development performance is not a puzzle but largely explained by good policies. Countries in the region have maintained good macroeconomic environments, opened up their economies to greater domestic and international competition, and reduced the role of corrupt and inefficient public enterprises.

Health in All Policies as a Strategic Policy Response to NCDs

Lin, Vivian; Jones, Catherine; Wang, Shiyong; Baris, Enis
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
The aim of Health in All Policies (HiAP) is to bring diverse sectors together to find shared solutions; it focuses on identifying 'win-win' or 'cobenefits' such that policy measures contribute not only to improved health outcomes but also to outcomes desired by other sectors, such as education, environment, welfare, agriculture, and transportation. HiAP can be applied to NCD prevention and control from three different entry points: risk factors or conditions, population groups (including life course), and sectors. (HiAP) is a relatively new concept and policy practice that attempts to incorporate consideration into the policy decision-making process of how public policies and programs affect community health and well-being. It represents a way of working across sectors that aim to find solutions for complex, interrelated, and persistent problems. With the global epidemic in non-communicable diseases (NCDs), HiAP offers a potential approach and a pathway to secure coordinated action on social determinants of health that relate to NCDs and result in health inequalities. Promising examples can be seen globally for action on both specific NCD risk factors as well as in a more systemic approach to policy decision making.

Breeding Latin American Tigers : Operational Principles for Rehabilitating Industrial Policies

Devlin, Robert; Moguillansky, Graciela
Fonte: Santiago, Chile: United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Santiago, Chile: United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The specific structure of the book is as follows: chapter one reviews the current situation of Latin America, which historically has been a laggard in economic performance. Chapter two introduces the first principle: the urgency of developing a medium- to long-term strategy for productive transformation based on industrial policies. Chapter three focuses on the principle that strategies for productive transformation with modern industrial policies should rest on effective, locally grown public-private alliances. Chapter four introduces and illustrates principles 3-6, which focus on the 'how' of public sector leadership in the public-private alliance and the formulation and execution of strategies. Chapter five presents and illustrates principles 7-11, which are concerned with the public sector management of support programs and incentives. Chapter six shifts the focus to Latin America. It reviews the past and current nature of development strategies in the region, pointing to their strengths and weaknesses as tools for guiding productive transformation. In chapter seven...

A EaD nas políticas de formação continuada de professores; The distance learning (DLI) in the policies of teachers' continuing education

Marcelo Pustilnik de Almeida Vieira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/07/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
As políticas de formação continuada de professores tendem ao uso da educação a distância (EaD) incorporando as novas tecnologias, o que resulta no uso intensivo do computador e da internet. Esta nova forma de EaD tem provocado um significativo debate público sobre seu uso, resultando em injustificadas críticas extremamente desfavoráveis à EaD. A presente pesquisa visa oferecer subsídios para que o debate das políticas de formação continuada de professores possa se dar de forma menos danosa a EaD e mais favoráveis à qualidade da formação dos professores. O objetivo central da presente pesquisa foi entender a EaD nas políticas de formação continuadas de professores. Para isso investigou a capacidade, ou adaptabilidade, dos professores da educação básica para participarem e aproveitarem adequadamente de cursos de formação continuada baseados na EaD utilizando como suporte tecnológico os computadores e a internet. Foi utilizado como objeto de análise o curso de Gestão Educacional (GESTORES), oferecido de modo semi-presencial, para 6000 alunos, entre 2005 e 2007. O convênio foi estabelecido via órgão da Secretaria de Educação do Estado de São Paulo (SEESP), responsável pela formação continuada: a Coordenadoria de Estudos e Normas Pedagógicas (CENP). Como conclusão pudemos verificar que as políticas no campo de formação continuada de professores...

ANÁLISIS DE POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS DE SALUD: REVISIÓN NARRATIVA; ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC POLICIES: A NARRATIVE REVIEW; ANÁLISE DE POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS DE SAÚDE: REVISÃO NARRATIVA

Lessa, Greice; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina; Kuehlkamp, Valdete Meurer; Erdmann, Alacoque Lorenzini; Andrade, Selma Regina
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Paraná Publicador: Universidade Federal do Paraná
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 31/03/2015 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Análisis de políticas públicas puede ser entendido como análisis de las actividades realizadas por un gobierno con objetivo de intervenir en determinada realidad o problema social. La finalidad del estudio fue realizar revisión narrativa buscando identificar los conceptos y métodos utilizados para análisis de políticas. Fueron adoptados como descriptores: Políticas de Salud, Políticas Públicas de Salud, Formulación de Políticas y Análisis, investigando en las bases de datos: Literatura Internacional en Ciencias de la Salud, Literatura Latinoamericana y de Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud, Publisher Medline y Base de Datos de Enfermería. La investigación fue realizada en el periodo de junio de 2013 a marzo de 2014. Fueron elegibles 32 artículos para obtención de los datos, publicados entre 2008 y 2012. Después de criterios de exclusión, 05 artículos fueron analizados; de estos, resultaron tres categorías: Bases conceptuales; Bases metodológicas y Desafíos para la enfermería. Se identificó el Ciclo de política como el instrumento más utilizado para analizar política.; Analysis of public policies can be understood as the analysis of those activities undertaken by a government with the objective of intervening in a specified context or social problem. The study object is to undertake a narrative review...