Página 1 dos resultados de 75 itens digitais encontrados em 0.000 segundos

Do lixo à mercadoria, do trabalho  ao desgaste: estudo do processo de trabalho e suas implicações na saúde de catadores de materiais recicláveis; From trash to merchandise, from work to health weathering: a study of the work process and its implications on the health of recyclable waste collectors

Galon, Tanyse
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/03/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.27%
O trabalho dos catadores de materiais recicláveis, embora promova ganhos ambientais à sociedade e econômicos à cadeia de reciclagem, está inserido no contexto de informalidade e invisibilidade social. Esses trabalhadores conferem ao lixo o caráter de nova mercadoria com valor de troca, porém sofrem o processo de desgaste da saúde. Este estudo teve como objetivo compreender o processo de trabalho e suas implicações na saúde de catadores de materiais recicláveis, por meio da participação ativa dos próprios trabalhadores. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, desenvolvida com um grupo de catadores autônomos da cidade de Ribeirão Preto - SP, que vendem seus materiais para uma empresa de comércio de recicláveis. A coleta de dados foi desenvolvida entre maio e dezembro de 2013 por meio das seguintes etapas: 1. Observação do trabalho dos catadores durante o processo de venda dos materiais na empresa, com registro dos dados em diário de campo; 2. Entrevistas individuais e semi-estruturadas com 23 catadores, selecionados por meio da amostragem por saturação teórica; 3. Aplicação do método Fotovoz com a participação de dez catadores, visando compreender o cotidiano de trabalho e as circunstâncias que poderiam levá-los ao desgaste da saúde. Nesta etapa...

As câmeras e o turismo em Kolkata: representações em Photovoice

Marques, Sandra Cristina Simões
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.8%
Doutoramento em Antropologia; O presente estudo antropológico tem como objectivo a abordagem da estreita relação entre os dois fenómenos, Imagens e Turismo. Pretende contribuir para o estudo alargado das práticas de turismo internacional através da análise das técnicas de representação que medeiam este processo. Especificamente, centra-se na documentação e análise das práticas de turismo internacional em Kolkata (Calcutá), no estado de West Bengal, Índia, procurando examinar os modos de desempenho das imagens (visuais e textuais) enquanto mediadores da experiência turística e das relações entre Turista e Anfitrião. É utilizada uma “metodologia de triangulação” em que métodos clássicos associados à observação participante de trabalho de campo prolongado são combinados com técnicas visuais reflexivas, designadamente o photovoice. O estilo de narrativa assegura os mesmos princípios epistemológicos que conduziram a investigação: de partilha de espaço de reflexão e exposição deliberada da representacionalidade de todas as partes envolvidas (e da sua materialização fotográfica e textual), preservando a individualidade das histórias contadas.; This anthropological study seeks to explore the intimate link between two phenomena...

Contributos para uma intervenção social participativa: o caso dos arrumadores de carros

Cordeiro, Lisete
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
28.03%
Mestrado em Serviço Social; O presente estudo analisa a figura do arrumador de carros enquanto fenómeno de exclusão social, a partir do seu ponto de vista e tendo em conta as suas trajectórias de vida. Trata-se de uma prática de sobrevivência estigmatizante que encerra um conjunto de rupturas que colocam novos desafios ao Serviço Social ao nível da prevenção e intervenção junto de situações de vulnerabilidade e exclusão social. A pesquisa empírica baseia-se essencialmente em entrevistas semi-estruturadas (8), observação directa e na aplicação do photovoice (4) junto de arrumadores de carros na cidade de Leiria. Tendo em conta as suas trajectórias de vida, o estudo evidencia a necessidade de criar medidas especializadas e integradas para os excluídos de fim de linha e medidas de prevenção e apoios para aqueles que se encontrem em situação de vulnerabilidade. Sugere também como estratégia de intervenção e numa lógica de promoção da participação proactiva e de empowerment o recurso ao photovoice.; This study examines the figure of the car parker as a phenomenon of social exclusion, from his point of view and taking into account his life trajectories. It is a stigmatized survival practice terminating a set of disruptions that pose new challenges to the social service in terms of prevention and intervention in situations of vulnerability and social exclusion. The empirical research is mainly based on semi-structured interviews (8)...

Flint Photovoice: Community Building Among Youths, Adults, and Policymakers

Wang, Caroline C.; Morrel-Samuels, Susan; Hutchison, Peter M.; Bell, Lee; Pestronk, Robert M.
Fonte: © American Journal of Public Health 2004 Publicador: © American Journal of Public Health 2004
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.27%
Flint Photovoice represents the work of 41 youths and adults recruited to use a participatory-action research approach to photographically document community assets and concerns, critically discuss the resulting images, and communicate with policymakers.

Understanding African American Men’s Perceptions of Racism, Male Gender Socialization, and Social Capital Through Photovoice

Ornelas, India J.; Amell, Jim; Tran, Anh N.; Royster, Michael; Armstrong-Brown, Janelle; Eng, Eugenia
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.6%
In this study we used a participatory qualitative research approach—photovoice—to collect information about African American men’s perceptions of the factors that influenced their own health and the health of their communities. Photovoice was conducted as part of the “Men as Navigators (MAN) for Health” project, an evaluation of a male lay health advisor (LHA) intervention in central North Carolina. Twelve African American men living in both urban and rural communities took photographs and discussed the photos in six photo discussion sessions. Analysis involved identifying recurring themes from the photos and transcriptions of photo discussions. The results suggest that race and racism, male gender socialization, and social networks and social capital all have important influences on African American men’s health. The implications for further research and public health practice are discussed.

Written and Spoken Narratives about Health and Cancer Decision Making: A Novel Application of Photovoice

Thomas, Tracey L.; Owens, Otis L.; Friedman, Daniela B.; Torres, Myriam E.; Hébert, James R.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
28.11%
Photovoice is a community-based participatory research method that researchers have used to identify and address individual and community health needs. We developed an abbreviated photovoice project to serve as a supplement to a National Cancer Institute (NCI)-funded pilot study focusing on prostate cancer (PrCA) that was set in a faith-based African-American community in South Carolina. We used photovoice for three reasons: (1) to enhance communication between study participants and researchers; (2) to empower African-American men and women to examine their health decisions through photographs; and 3) to better understand how participants from this community make health-related decisions. The 15 individuals participating in the photovoice project were asked to photograph aspects of their community that informed their health-related decisions. Participants provided written and oral narratives to describe the images in a small sample of photographs. Four primary themes emerged in participants’ photographs and narratives: 1) food choices; 2) physical activity practices; 3) community environment and access to care; and 4) influences of spirituality and nature on health. Although written and audio-recorded narratives were similar in content...

Using Photovoice to Assess and Promote Environmental Approaches to Tobacco Control in AAPI Communities

Tanjasiri, Sora Park; Lew, Rod; Kuratani, Darrah G.; Wong, Michelle; Fu, Lisa
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.8%
Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) communities face enormous health disparities, with tobacco use contributing to high rates of cancer and heart disease. There is growing interest nationwide on the influence of environmental factors on tobacco use. AAPI communities have been found to have higher exposures to tobacco company marketing compared to the general population. The authors describe the use of Photovoice (a qualitative needs assessment technique) to empower AAPI youth to identify and understand environmental characteristics associated with tobacco use in four AAPI communities in California and Washington. Of the six major environmental themes identified from the photos, three themes were found across all four communities. Debrief sessions with youth and community leaders underscore the relevance of Photovoice for identifying community needs and motivating community organization for change. Despite some logistical challenges, Photovoice exemplifies the power and potential of this community-based methodology to capture how the environment influences youth on tobacco use.

Health and Wellness Photovoice Project: Engaging Consumers With Serious Mental Illness in Health Care Interventions

Cabassa, Leopoldo J.; Parcesepe, Angela; Nicasio, Andel; Baxter, Ellen; Tsemberis, Sam; Lewis-Fernández, Roberto
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.6%
People with serious mental illnesses (SMI) are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease and premature mortality. We used photovoice in two supportive housing agencies to engage consumers with SMI to inform the implementation of health care interventions. Sixteen consumers participated in six weekly sessions in which they took photographs about their health and discussed the meanings of these photographs in individual interviews and group sessions. We identified several implementation themes related to consumers’ preferences. Peer-based approaches were preferred more than clinician-driven models. Participants expressed a desire to learn practical skills through hands-on activities to modify health behaviors. Consumers expressed a desire to increase their physical activity. Participants revealed in their photographs and narratives the important role that communities’ food environments play in shaping eating habits. In this article, we show how photovoice can generate valuable community knowledge to inform the translation of health care interventions in supportive housing agencies.

Taking pictures to take control: Photovoice as a tool to facilitate empowerment among poor and racial/ethnic minority women with HIV

Teti, Michelle; Pichon, Latrice; Kabel, Allison; Farnan, Rose; Binson, Diane
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.8%
Poor and racial/ethnic minority women comprise the majority of women living with HIV (WLH) in the United States. Race, gender, class, and HIV-based stigmas and inequities limit women’s powers over their health and compromise their quality of life. To help WLH counter this powerlessness, we implemented a photovoice project called Picturing New Possibilities (PNP), and explored how women experienced empowerment through photovoice. PNP participants (N = 30) photographed their life experiences, attended 3 group discussions and a community exhibit of their photos, and completed a follow-up interview. We used strategies of Grounded Theory to identify key empowerment themes. Participants described empowerment through enhanced self-esteem, self-confidence, critical thinking skills, and control. Our findings suggest that photovoice is an important tool for WLH. It offers women a way to access internal strengths and use these resources to improve their quality of life and health.

An Exploration of Social Justice Intent in Photovoice Research Studies: From 2008 to 2013

Sanon, Marie-Anne; Evans-Agnew, Robin A.; Boutain, Doris M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
28.21%
In an age where digital images are omnipresent, the use of participant photography in qualitative research has become accessible and commonplace. Yet, scant attention is paid to the social justice impact of photovoice among studies that have used this innovative method as a way to promote social justice. There is a need to review this method to understand its contributions and possibilities. This literature review of photovoice research studies 1) explores whether authors implicitly or explicitly related the methodologies to their aims of promoting social justice (methodology-method fit), and 2) outlines the social justice research impact of photovoice findings using the framework of social justice awareness, amelioration, and transformation. PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases were searched from the years 2008–2013 using the keywords: photovoice; photonovella; photovoice and social justice; and photovoice and participatory action research. Of the 30 research studies reviewed, only thirteen identified an underlying methodology guiding the photovoice method. The social justice impacts emphasized were more related to social justice awareness (n= 30) than amelioration (n= 11) or transformation (n=3). Future researchers using photovoice as a way to promote social justice are encouraged to assess and plan for the social justice impact desired.

Understanding the Experiences of Youth Living with Sickle Cell Disease: A Photovoice Pilot

Valenzuela, Jessica M.; Vaughn, Lisa M.; Crosby, Lori E.; Strong, Heather; Kissling, Alexandra; Mitchell, Monica J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.8%
A Photovoice pilot was conducted with a sample of youth living with sickle cell disease (SCD), in order to further understand their lived experience and examine the acceptability, feasibility, and utility of this method for use in this population. SCD is an inherited genetic condition whose primary symptom is severe pain. Youth were able to reflect on their experiences with SCD using Photovoice and the adapted SHOWeD method. Parents and youth found Photovoice to be valuable for children and adolescents with SCD. Emerging themes included the impact of SCD, coping with the disease, and the importance of family and support.

Photovoice: A Novel Approach to Improving Antituberculosis Treatment Adherence in Pune, India

Shelke, Sangita C.; Adhav, Prakash S.; Moonan, Patrick K.; Willis, Matthew; Parande, Malan A.; Satyanarayana, Srinath; Kshirsagar, Vikas D.; Ghosh, Smita
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
28.03%
We compared antituberculosis treatment (ATT) adherence and outcomes among patients exposed to Photovoice (video of previously cured TB patients sharing experiences about TB treatment) versus those not exposed. The odds of successful outcome (i.e., cured or completing treatment) for the 135 patients who watched Photovoice were 3 times greater (odds ratio: 2.8; 95% CI: 1.3–6.1) than for patients who did not watch Photovoice. The comparison group, on average, missed more doses (10.9 doses; 95% CI: 6.6–11.1) than the intervention group who saw Photovoice (5.5 doses; 95% CI: 3.7–6.1). Using Photovoice at initiation of ATT has the potential to improve treatment adherence and outcomes.

Our World Through Our Eyes: Adolescents use photovoice to speak their mind on adolescent health, well-being and sexuality in Lima, Peru

Bayer, Angela M.; Alburqueque, Mónica;
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.93%
Peru’s approach to its 5.7 million 10-19 year olds has shifted toward positive youth development. Following that trend, our objective was to facilitate Peruvian adolescents’ use of photovoice to better understand the factors affecting their health, well-being and sexuality and to work with adolescents to present policy and programmatic recommendations. Photovoice sessions were carried out with 13 12-16 year olds from low-income Lima. Sessions included basic photography and ethics, photo-taking, and descriptions and discussions using the SHOWeD method. Participants grouped their photos into a “photo story.” Each section of the story consisted of a message and 4-10 photos. Each photo had a caption that answered the SHOWeD questions. Messages were: 1) “health and well-being in danger of extinction”; 2) “with some signs of hope”; 3) “innocence in spite of everything”; 4) “what we as adolescents have”; and 5) “but we lack opportunities to live a better life and a responsible sexuality.” Participants presented the photo story to program planners, policymakers and community members. Results underscore the value of including adolescents in program and policy planning and affirm that photovoice can achieve such inclusion. Photovoice provides a concrete method for adolescents to speak their mind through image and word.

Picturing commuting: photovoice and seeking well-being in everyday travel

Guell, Cornelia; Ogilvie, David
Fonte: SAGE Publications Publicador: SAGE Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.6%
We used participant-produced photography to investigate everyday commuting practices in Cambridge, UK. Photovoice served as an observational method for producing ethnographically rich data. A total of 19 participants produced over 500 photos about their journeys to and from work and took part in photo-elicitation interviews. Three themes emerged. First, many images depicted ‘well-being’ in commuting, for example, beautiful landscapes. Second, during elicitation interviews, participants described positive images that they intended but failed to capture in photos. Third, those participants who did not depict well-being described a lack of choice in their commuting, while those who acknowledged well-being seemed to do so in order to make practices of commuting meaningful and habitable. While our interpretations of photos of well-being could be subject to a methodological fallacy relating to a preference for positive over negative images in lay photography, we nonetheless suggest that the rich visual and oral narratives indicate a ‘real’ experience, albeit elicited through the photovoice.

A Foucauldian Analysis of Power and Representation in an Attempt to Run a Photovoice Project with Youth

Murtell, Jocelyn
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.93%
This project evolved out of a search for ways to conduct research on “others” in a way that does not exploit, stigmatize or misrepresent their experience. This thesis is an ethnographic study in leisure research and youth work and an experiment in running a photovoice project. Photovoice is a participatory visual method that embodies the emancipatory ideal of empowering others through self-representation. The literature on photovoice lacks a comprehensive discussion on the complexity of power and representation. Postmodern theorists have proposed that participatory methods are not benign and that initiatives are acts of power in themselves that produce effects (Cook & Kothari, 2001). A Foucauldian analysis of power is used to deconstruct the researcher’s practice and reflect on why and how youth are “engaged”. This project seeks to embrace the principle of working “with” others, but also work from a postmodern perspective that acknowledges power and representation as ongoing problems.

Imagens dos direitos das crianças em acolhimento familiar

Maia, Beatriz Vidal
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.93%
Dissertação de mestrado em Estudos da Criança (área de especialização em Intervenção Psicossocial com Crianças, Jovens e Famílias); Os direitos das crianças são tema de referência na área dos estudos da criança, tendo como documento chave a Convenção dos Direitos das Crianças das Nações Unidas, de 1989. As crianças são ainda hoje alvo de discriminação, sendo mesmo consideradas, como Mayall (2004) refere, um grupo minoritário. Embora se considere desde a retificação da Convenção por Portugal, em 1990, que as crianças são reconhecidas como sujeitos de direitos, ainda existem alguns desafios a serem ultrapassados no que concerne ao respeito dos direitos das crianças, tal qual apresentados na Convenção. O sistema de proteção infantil português prevê o acolhimento familiar como uma medida de proteção para as crianças que por variados motivos são privadas de viverem com a sua família biológica. Esta medida não é a mais utilizada em Portugal, mas, segundo a investigação nacional e estrangeira, é benéfica para o desenvolvimento saudável e estável das crianças. Esta dissertação de mestrado pretende focar-se nesta relação entre direitos das crianças e o acolhimento familiar. Desta forma...

Using Photovoice as a Community Based Participatory Research Tool for Changing Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Behaviours in Usoma, Kenya

Bisung, Elijah; Elliott, Susan J.; Abudho, Bernard; Karanja, Diana M.; Schuster-Wallace, Corinne J.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
28.11%
Recent years have witnessed an increase in the use of community based participatory research (CBPR) tools for understanding environment and health issues and facilitating social action. This paper explores the application and utility of photovoice for understanding water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) behaviours and catalysing community led solutions to change behaviours. Between June and August 2013, photovoice was conducted with eight (8) women in Usoma, a lakeshore community in Western Kenya with a follow-up community meeting (baraza) in May 2014 to discuss findings with the community members and government officials. In the first part of the study, photovoice one-on-one interviews were used to explore local perceptions and practices around water-health linkages and how the ecological and socio-political environment shapes these perceptions and practices. This paper, which is the second component of the study, uses photovoice group discussions to explore participants' experiences with and (re)action to the photographs and the photovoice project. The findings illustrate that photovoice was an effective CBPR methodology for understanding behaviours, creating awareness, facilitating collective action, and engaging with local government and local health officials at the water-health nexus.

Health Care Employee Perceptions of Patient-Centered Care: A Photovoice Project

Balbale, Salva Najib; Turcios, Stephanie; LaVela, Sherri L.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.6%
Given the importance of health care employees in the delivery of patient-centered care, understanding their unique perspective is essential for quality improvement. The purpose of this study was to use photovoice to evaluate perceptions and experiences around patient-centered care among Veterans Affairs (VA) health care employees. We asked participants to take photographs of salient features in their environment related to patient-centered care. We used the photographs to facilitate dialogue during follow-up interviews. Twelve VA health care employees across two VA sites participated in the project. Although most participants felt satisfied with their work environment and experiences at the VA, several areas for improvement were identified. These included a need for more employee health and wellness initiatives and a need for enhanced opportunities for training and professional growth. Application of photovoice enabled us to learn about employees' unique perspectives around patient-centered care while engaging them in an evaluation of care delivery.

A picture of health: participation, photovoice and preventing HIV among Papua New Guinean youth

Vaughan, Catherine Maree
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /05/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.6%
Participation has been linked with better health outcomes for young people in a range of settings, with an extensive literature extolling the benefits of a participatory approach to youth-focused HIV-prevention programs in particular. However the processes of participation, and how the ideals outlined in the participation literature can be achieved in the difficult circumstances in which many youth health promotion programs operate, are less often discussed. This thesis responds to calls for more nuanced documentation of situated participatory practices by developing a detailed and contextualised analysis of youth participation in a Photovoice project in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea. The analysis draws upon data generated over a ten-month period (photo-stories, individual interviews, written accounts of participation, group discussions, artefacts produced during participatory analysis, and field-notes) to describe how participation in a project of self-reflection and self-representation can support dialogical engagement and the demonstration of critical thinking. The thesis explores the relationship between these psycho-social changes and young people’s subsequent ability to enact strategies to improve their health and well-being. Findings challenge idealised representations of youth participation...

Re-politicizing race in community development: Using postcolonial psychology and Photovoice methods for social change

Kessi,Shose
Fonte: Psychology in Society Publicador: Psychology in Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.8%
How far can community development lead to transformative social change within the context of global north-south development agendas? Drawing on the works of Frantz Fanon and Steve Biko, this article explores the possibilities of postcolonial psychology for community-based change. Findings from a youth intervention based on Photovoice methods and involving 51 young people from four urban communities in Sub-Saharan Africa reveal that racial identity, self-determination, and social inequality remain key concerns. The paper discusses the advantages and limitations of postcolonial psychology for mobilising communities towards change and the role of participatory action research methods such as Photovoice for marginalised communities to gain widespread recognition and promote transformative action in a globalised context.