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Efeito do fotoperíodo na detecção do estro em fêmeas bovinas Nelore (Bos taurus indicus) e cruzadas Red Angus x Nelore e Limousin x Nelore (Bos taurus taurus x Bos taurus indicus) manejadas em diferentes regiões do Brasil; Photoperiod effect on estrus detection in Nellore, Red Angus x Nellore and Limousin x Nellore cows, raised on different Brazilian regions

Loureiro, Paulo Eduardo Fonseca
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2005 PT
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A técnica de Inseminação Artificial (IA) está em franco crescimento em rebanhos de bovinos de corte em todas as regiões do Brasil e é a mais utilizada para obter indivíduos cruzados (Bos t. taurus x Bos t. indicus) pela facilidade de implantação nos grandes rebanhos de fêmeas em idade reprodutiva, aliada ao problema da baixa produção de touros taurinos adaptados ao nosso clima. Um dos grandes entraves para o sucesso em um programa de inseminação é a eficiência na detecção do estro. As dificuldades encontradas em outros países têm sido dirimidas através do estudo comportamental das matrizes. A pecuária de corte está espalhada por todo o território brasileiro, mas possui maiores concentrações nas regiões Sudeste, Centro-Oeste e Norte, com importantes diferenças climáticas, como a variação na duração dos dias (fotoperíodo), a sazonalidade pluviométrica, e a própria temperatura do ar, que podem alterar o comportamento sexual das matrizes. Neste sentido o presente trabalho utilizou a monitoração dos períodos de observação de estro em quatro fazendas localizadas no Norte e no Centro Oeste do Brasil, que fazem o uso da técnica da inseminação artificial, para compreender o efeito do fotoperíodo sobre o estro. Foram detectadas 4202 ocorrências de estro em 3358 fêmeas Nelore...

Fotoperíodo artificial sobre a atividade reprodutiva de éguas durante a transição outonal.; Artificial photoperiod on reproduction activity of mares during autumn transition

Bisol, João Francisco W.
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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37.24%
O presente experimento verificou se o fotoperíodo artificial iniciado no verão retarda o início da transição outonal e nos casos de ocorrência do anestro determinar sua forma de início. Foram utilizadas no experimento 13 éguas com idades variando entre 4 e 10 anos. Todas as éguas no início do experimento encontravam-se ciclando, com presença de corpo lúteo funcional ou folículo dominante. Antes do início do experimento os animais foram divididos em dois grupos, Grupo Luz (GL) com 08 animais e Grupo Controle (GC) com 05 animais, buscando equilibrar a idade e a condição corporal das éguas nos diferentes grupos. A partir do dia 23 de fevereiro de 2006 as éguas do GL foram submetidas a um fotoperíodo artificial de 15 horas de luz e de 9 horas de escuridão, e as éguas do GC foram mantidas sob fotoperíodo natural. Em relação ao início do anestro e à condição corporal não foram observadas diferenças entre o GL e o GC. Dentre os 13 animais utilizados no experimento todos entraram em anestro. Não se observaram diferenças entre os dois grupos de tratamento em relação ao número de dias entre o início do tratamento e a última ovulação e os inícios do tratamento e do anestro, bem como entre o número de dias de duração do último corpo lúteo. Entretanto observou-se diferença no grupo luz onde 75% das éguas apresentaram diestro prolongado enquanto que no grupo controle isto ocorreu em somente 40% das éguas. O anestro inicia por persistência lútea seguida de inatividade folicular ou por inatividade folicular após um diestro regular. O fotoperíodo artificial iniciado a partir da segunda metade do verão não impediu o início do anestro. Entretanto...

Fotoperíodo artificial no verão pode evitar anestro estacional na égua?; Could artificial photoperiod in summer avoid seasonal anestrus in the mare?

David, Fabíola Freire Albrecht de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
A égua é classificada como poliéstrica estacional, o que implica suspensão da atividade reprodutiva cíclica usualmente a partir da metade do outono, na maioria destes animais. Esta resposta é devida à diminuição gradual no fotoperíodo natural, considerado como fator primário na sazonalidade reprodutiva. A ausência de ciclos ovulatórios durante os meses de inverno e a inconsistência da fase de ressurgência atingem não só os criadores de raças que procuram o nascimento de potros mais cedo na temporada reprodutiva oficial, mas principalmente aqueles que empregam a técnica da transferência de embriões. A obtenção de ovulações ao longo do ano possibilitaria a utilização reprodutiva ótima de éguas doadoras e receptoras. A fim de verificar a ciclicidade reprodutiva durante outono e inverno, dezessete éguas em uma propriedade do sul do Brasil foram distribuídas ao acaso em dois grupos. De quinze de Janeiro a doze de Setembro de 2009, os animais do grupo Tratamento foram submetidos a fotoperíodo diário fixo de 15 horas. Duas vezes por semana, o trato reprodutivo de todos os animais foi avaliado por ultrassonografia transretal, para verificação da presença de folículos dominantes e corpo lúteo. Dosagem de progesterona foi utilizada para confirmação de anestro. Oitenta e cinco por cento dos animais submetidos ao tratamento mantiveram ciclicidade reprodutiva...

Photoperiod modulation of aggressive behavior is independent of androgens in a tropical cichlid fish

Goncalves-de-Freitas, Eliane; Carvalho, Thais Billalba; Oliveira, Rui F.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 41-49
ENG
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Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 06/05013-0; Photoperiod is a major environmental cue that signals breeding conditions in animals living in temperate climates. Therefore, the activity of the reproductive (i.e. hypothalamic pituitary gonadal, HPG) axis and of the expression of reproductive behaviors, including territoriality, is responsive to changes in day length. However, at low latitudes the seasonal variation in day length decreases dramatically and photoperiod becomes less reliable as a breeding entraining cue in tropical species. In spite of this, some tropical mammals and birds have been found to still respond to small amplitude changes in photoperiod (e.g. 17 min). Here we tested the effect of 2 photoperiod regimes, referred to as long-day (LD: 16L:08D) and short-day (SD: 08L:16D), on the activity of the HPG axis, on aggressive behavior and in the androgen response to social challenges in males of the tropical cichlid fish Tilapia rendalli. For each treatment, fish were transferred from a pre-treatment photoperiod of 12L:12D to their treatment photoperiod (either LD or SD) in which they were kept for 20 days on stock tanks. Afterwards...

Influence of photoperiod on biology of Apanteles militaris (Hymenoptera; Braconidae)

Oliveira, Luísa; Melo, Rui; Tavares, João
Fonte: Asociación Española de Entomología Publicador: Asociación Española de Entomología
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //1997 ENG
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Proceedings from the 6th European Workshop on Insects Parasitoids, Valencia, 1-4 March 1997.; The effects of photoperiod on development time, longevity and progeny of Apanteles militaris (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) were investigated using Mythimna unipuncta (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) as host. Three groups of parasitized host larvae were exposed to 15.5±0.5°C of temperature, 75±0.5 of R.H. Each group was submitted to a different photoperiod, 8:16, 12:12 and 16:8 (L:D). Significant differences were found in the egg-larvae development time, pupal period and in the total development time. The adults longevity was higher and significantly different between 8:6 (L:D) and the others photoperiods. Concerning the progeny, the mean total and the mean number of cocoons per host did not differ significantly. However, the mean number of parasitoids that emerged from host larva but failed to spin a cocoon was significantly different between 8:6 and 16:8 (LD). Length of photophase did not significantly affect parasitoid sex-ratio but the emergence of adult progeny was different between 8 and 16 hours light.

Influence of temperature and photoperiod on the maturation of the seminal vesicle and albumen gland in Oxychilus (Drouetia) atlanticus (Gastropoda: Pulmonata)

Cunha, Regina Tristão da; Rodrigues, Armindo; Sousa, H.
Fonte: Universidade dos Açores Publicador: Universidade dos Açores
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2001 ENG
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The land snail Oxychilus (Drouetia) atlanticus is endemic to São Miguel (Azores). In this species, the reproductive system, especiailly the glandular organs, changes in size and shape during the reproductive cycle. As maturation-diagnostic organs, the seminal vesicle and the albumen gland have complementary interpretations. While the former is appropriate to establish the phase of the pre-copulatory and copulatory periods the latter appears a more accurate way to define pre-egg-laying and egg-laying periods. Concerning the effects of photoperiod and temperature on both organs, it seems that while the former triggers the physiological phenomena related to reproduction, inducing the seminal vesicle and the albumen gland to mature, the latter acts mainly as a regulatory factor for these organs, delimiting the distinct phases of reproduction.

Probable effect of photoperiod on seasonal variation in the nuclear volume of the adrenal cortex of viscacha (Lagostomus maximus maximus)

Ribes,A.C.; Mohamed,F.; Dominguez,S.; Delgado,M.; Scardapane,L.; Guzman,J.; Piezzi,R.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/1999 EN
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The neuroendocrine system regulates several organic functions such as reproduction, metabolism and adaptation to the environment. This system shows seasonal changes linked to the environment. The experimental model used in the present study was Lagostomus maximus maximus (viscacha). The reproduction of males of this species is photoperiod dependent. Twenty-four adult male viscachas were captured in their habitat at different times during one year. The adrenal glands were processed for light microscopy. Serial cuts were stained with hematoxylin-eosin for the morphometric study, and 100 nuclei of each zone of the adrenal cortex were counted per animal. Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and the Tukey test. The cells of the glomerulosa zone are arranged in a tube-shaped structure. The fasciculata zone has large cells with central nuclei and clearly visible nucleoli and with a vacuolar cytoplasm. In the reticularis zone there are two of types of cells, one with a nucleus of fine chromatin and a clearly visible nucleolus and the other with nuclear pycnosis. Morphometric analysis showed maximum nuclear volumes during the February-March period with values of 133 ± 7.3 µm3 for the glomerulosa, 286.4 ± 14.72 µm3 for the fasciculata...

Survival and growth of Pseudoplatystoma corruscans (Pisces - Pimelodidae) larvae: effect of photoperiod

Campagnolo,R.; Nuñer,A.P.O.
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Veterinária Publicador: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Veterinária
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2008 EN
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37.01%
The survival and the growth of Pseudoplatystoma corruscans larvae exposed to four photoperiods: light:dark (LD) 0:24, LD 10:14, LD 14:10, and LD 24:0, in a brackish water (5‰) culture were analyzed. Larvae were fed with Artemia sp. nauplii at a 500 nauplii/larvae/day ratio. Survival on day 5 was inversely related to the length of photoperiod. From days 5 to 10, intermediate photoperiods resulted in a better survival, although LD 0:24 and LD 14:10 resulted in similar survival on day 10. Larvae presented higher weight at intermediate photoperiods. The results suggested that photoperiod requirements shifted during early development of P. corruscans larvae.

Photoperiod influence on the cultivation of Steindachneridion scriptum (Pisces, Pimelodidae) juvenile

Zaniboni-Filho,Evoy; Reynalte-Tataje,David; Nuñer,Alex Pires de Oliveira; Meurer,Samira
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2008 EN
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36.87%
This study aimed to evaluate the influence of photoperiod on juvenile suruvi (Steindachneridion scriptum) in six photoperiods: 24L-0D (L= Light; D= Dark), 18L-6D, 14L-10D, 10L-14D, 6L-18D and 0L-24D. Juveniles measuring 176.8 ± 13.2mm and weighing 60.2 ± 16.0g were distributed in eighteen 150-L aquariums, stocked with 8 juveniles per aquarium. At the end of the study, treatments 24L-0D (105.7 ± 5.8g and 845.9 ±46g) and 0L-24D (93.3 ± 4.9g and 746.4 ± 39.5g) were different (P<0.05) on weight and biomass. Survival (100 ± 0.0%) and length (212.5 ±2.5mm) were the same (P>0.05) in all the treatments. The results showed that suruvi (Steindachneridion scriptum) reached better weight and biomass in extended light periods.

UFV-M7: mutant yellow passionfruit genotype with photoperiod insensitivity for flowering

Lira Júnior,José Severino de; Flores,Patrícia Silva; Bruckner,Cláudio Horst
Fonte: Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology Publicador: Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.11%
The development and characteristics of UFV-M7, a mutant with photoperiod insensitivity to beginning of flowering, are described. This genotype was fortuitously obtained by regeneration of nodal segments, exposed to gamma radiation. The possibility of incorporating photoperiod insensitivity into cultivars for producing regions is discussed for latitudes where the photoperiod determines the seasonality of harvest.

Feeding patterns of S. crassicaudata (Marsupialia:Dasyuridae): role of gender, photoperiod, and fat stores

Hope, P.; Wittert, G.; Morley, J.; Horowitz, M.
Fonte: American Physiological Society Publicador: American Physiological Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1997 EN
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Little is known about feeding regulation in marsupials. Sminthopsis crassicaudata is a small nocturnal marsupial, whose tail contains approximately 25% total body fat. We have characterized the effect of gender, photoperiod, food deprivation, and tail removal (lipectomy) on food intake in S. crassicaudata. Males and females maintained in captivity on long-day (LD, 16:8-h light-dark cycle) and short-day (SD, 9:15-h light-dark cycle) light regimens were studied. Feeding patterns under LD and SD photoperiods were initially measured under conditions of ad libitum food supply and then in groups of animals exposed to 24- and 36-h periods of food deprivation. Feeding occurred predominantly in the dark. Females maintained on SD photoperiods for 5 wk ate less (P < 0.005) than females on LD or males on either SD or LD, but this reduction in food intake was not associated with a decrease either in body weight or tail width. After both 24- and 36-h fasts, total food intake in the subsequent 24 h increased (P < 0.001) up to 100% in all groups, with no gender or photoperiod effect. SD females, however, ate less (P < 0.05) than LD females in the first 6 h after refeeding. Tail width decreased (P < 0.05) in all groups of animals after the 36-h fast but only in LD animals after the 24-h fast (P < 0.05). Body weight decreased similarly in all groups of animals after fasting. The effect of tail removal was studied in LD males. The procedure...

The effect of ovarian steroids and photoperiod on body fat stores and uncoupling protein 2 in the marsupial Sminthopsis crassicaudata

Hope, P.; Turnbull, H.; Breed, W.; Morley, J.; Horowitz, M.; Wittert, G.
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.31%
To determine the effects of photoperiod and ovarian steroids on fat stores in the marsupial S. crassicaudata, animals were ovariectomised (OVX) or sham operated, and maintained under either short-day (SD) or long-day (LD) photoperiods for 104 days. Photoperiod had no effect on body weight in the sham animals. In the LD OVX animals, body weight fell and remained below baseline for about 45 days, whereafter it returned to baseline. In contrast, body weight of SD OVX animals increased over the first 45 days then returned to baseline. Tail width (a reflection of body fat stores) increased in both sham and OVX animals exposed to SD. When exposed to LD, tail width increased only in the OVX animals. There was no effect of either photoperiod or OVX on total cumulative energy intake. Leptin mRNA expression was increased in the LD OVX animals compared to the shams. Photoperiod had no effect on UCP2 mRNA expression in any tissue; however, OVX decreased UCP2 mRNA expression in muscle. These data indicate that in S. crassicaudata: (a) fat mass increases in response to both SD photoperiod and OVX and they have additive effects; (b) the effects of photoperiod on fat mass are mediated by both gonadal steroid dependent and independent mechanisms; (c) alterations in UCP2 mRNA expression may mediate the effect of OVX...

Chronic phase shifts of the photoperiod throughout pregnancy programs glucose intolerance and insulin resistance in the rat

Varcoe, T.; Wight, N.; Voultsios, A.; Salkeld, M.; Kennaway, D.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
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36.87%
Shift work during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk for preterm birth and low birth weight. However, the impact upon the long term health of the children is currently unknown. In this study, we used an animal model to determine the consequences of maternal shift work exposure on the health of the adult offspring. Pregnant rats were exposed to chronic phase shifts (CPS) in their photoperiod every 3–4 days throughout gestation and the first week after birth. Adult offspring were assessed for a range of metabolic, endocrine, circadian and neurobehavioural parameters. At 3 months of age, male pups exposed to the CPS schedule in utero had increased adiposity (+29%) and hyperleptinaemia (+99% at 0700h). By 12 months of age, both male and female rats displayed hyperleptinaemia (+26% and +41% respectively) and hyperinsulinaemia (+110% and +83% respectively). 12 month old female CPS rats displayed poor glucose tolerance (+18%) and increased insulin secretion (+29%) in response to an intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test. In CPS males the glucose response was unaltered, but the insulin response was reduced by 35%. The glucose response to an insulin tolerance test was decreased by 21% in CPS females but unaltered in males. Disruption of circadian rhythmicity during gestation resulted in gender dependent metabolic consequences for the adult offspring. These results highlight the need for a thorough analysis of shift work exposure in utero on the health of the adult offspring in humans.; Tamara J. Varcoe...

SSR and AFLP based genetic diversity of soybean germplasm differing in photoperiod sensitivity

Singh,Ram K.; Bhatia,Virendra S.; Bhat,K.V.; Mohapatra,Trilochan; Singh,Nagendra K.; Bansal,Kailash C.; Koundal,K.R.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.11%
Forty-four soybean genotypes with different photoperiod response were selected after screening of 1000 soybean accessions under artificial condition and were profiled using 40 SSR and 5 AFLP primer pairs. The average polymorphism information content (PIC) for SSR and AFLP marker systems was 0.507 and 0.120, respectively. Clustering of genotypes was done using UPGMA method for SSR and AFLP and correlation was 0.337 and 0.504, respectively. Mantel's correlation coefficients between Jaccard's similarity coefficient and the cophenetic values were fairly high in both the marker systems (SSR = 0.924; AFLP = 0.958) indicating very good fit for the clustering pattern. UPGMA based cluster analysis classified soybean genotypes into four major groups with fairly moderate bootstrap support. These major clusters corresponded with the photoperiod response and place of origin. The results indicate that the photoperiod insensitive genotypes, 11/2/1939 (EC 325097) and MACS 330 would be better choice for broadening the genetic base of soybean for this trait.

Technical and economic analysis of replacing artificial lighting system to induction of photoperiod effect in begonia's seedlings in greenhouse

David,Eduardo; Rossi,Luiz Antonio; Pagliardi,Odail
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2012 EN
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37.01%
The type of artificial light used for inducing photoperiod effect in begonia's seedlings at greenhouse has fundamental importance in the growth and development of these plants and directly reflects in the electrical energy consumption used in this production process. The objective of this research was to analyze the technical and economic feasibility of replacing the current technology of artificial lighting used by the producers (incandescent lamps), by the technology of discharge lamps with the purpose of inducing photoperiod in a greenhouse. The analysis results indicate that the discharge lamp of 32 W Tubular Fluorescent discharge lamp was the one that presented the lower peak demand and lower average energy consumption of 85.01% compared to incandescent filament lamp of 100 W that is the technology of bigger consumption and currently used by the producer.

Effect of photoperiod on tuberization in the Livingstone potato (Plectranthus esculentus N.E.Br. Lamiaceae)

Hammes, Pieter Snyman, 1941-
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Postprint Article
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The Livingstone potato (''Plectranthus esculentus'' N.E.Br.) produces a cluster of edible tubers at the base of the stem that are used as a potato substitute in many areas of Africa. No information is available on factors affecting tuberization in this species. Photoperiod is known to influence storage organ formation in a wide range of crops, and pilot trials indicated that it also played a role in tuberization in ''P. esculentus''. The critical photoperiod for tuber induction, as well as the number of short-day cycles required to induce tubers, were investigated in glasshouse trials using in vitro plants. Nine photoperiod treatments (30-min intervals from 10 to 14 h of light) were applied in the critical photoperiod experiment. To determine the number of short-day cycles required to induce tuberization, plants were exposed to short days (10 h light) for periods ranging from 0 to 20 days at 2-day intervals. Data were collected from both intact plants and sub-apical two-node cuttings made after the experimental treatments were completed. The critical photoperiod for the specific genotype used in this study was between 12.5 and 13 h, with cuttings giving a slightly exaggerated result over that of intact plants. It was established that exposure to four short-day cycles was sufficient to induce tuberization in this species.

Leptin inhibits the reproductive axis in adult male Syrian hamsters exposed to long and short photoperiod

Boggio, Veronica Ines; Cutrera, Rodolfo Angel; Carbone, Silvia Elena; Scacchi, Pablo; Ponzo, Osvaldo Juan
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
ENG
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37.01%
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of acute leptin treatment of adult Syrian hamsters exposed to a long (LP, eugonadal males) and short photoperiod (SP, hypogonadal males). Animals were exposed to LP (L:D 14:10) or SP (L:D 10:14) for 10 weeks. Afterwards, both LP and SP hamsters were allocated to a control (SP-C, LP-C) or leptin-treated group (SP 3, SP 10, SP 30 or LP3, LP 10, LP 30). One hour before sacrifice, a single dose of leptin (3, 10 or 30 μg/kg) or vehicle was administered (i.p.) to the males. Testis weight, serum and pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH) concentrations, as well as the hypothalamic concentration of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) were recorded. Histological analysis of the testis was performed and GnRH concentration in the culture medium of hypothalamic explants was examined. A dramatic regression of testicular weight and histological atrophy of seminiferous tubules, as well as a decrease in serum and pituitary LH concentrations were found in SP males. All doses of leptin significantly reduced serum LH levels and medium GnRH concentrations in both photoperiod groups. Pituitary LH and hypothalamic GnRH concentrations were not affected by leptin. In conclusion, we demonstrated that leptin inhibited the reproductive axis of Syrian male hamsters exposed to LP and SP and fed ad libitum.; Fil: Boggio...

16 Hours photoperiod in holstein heifers in the subtropics: Effects in development and age to first estrus

Valenzuela-Jiménez,Nicolás; Rodríguez-Hernández,Karla; Hernández-Cerón,Joel; Vera-Ávila,Héctor; Núñez-Hernández,Gregorio; Villa-Godoy,Alejandro
Fonte: Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Dirección de Investigación y Posgrado Publicador: Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Dirección de Investigación y Posgrado
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
Both growth and milk production in heifer calves are stimulated by a long photoperiod, though this has not been proven yet in subtropical areas. To evalúate the effect of 16 hr of light (L16) on calves suckling (LAC) and/or pre-pubertal stages (PP) in a subtropical area, 325 calves (36 ± 0.4 kg) were randomized into two groups: L16 or natural photoperiod (LNAT). At seven months of age, 198 of these calves (195 ± 2 kg) were randomly assigned to L16 or LNAT. The following were determined at the beginning and end of LAC and PP stages: Weight (PC, kg), height (AC, cm), thickness of back-fat (GG, cm) and of Longissimus dorsi (LD, cm); pelvic area (AP, cm²), body condition (CC), age at first estrus, mammary gland depth (PGM, cm) and width (AGM, cm). The statistical analysis was made using ANOVA for a 2 X 2 factorial arrangement. At the end of LAC, GG was lower and LD greater in L16 animals, while, at the end of PP, L16 heifer calves had a greater PC (260 ± 3 vs 250 ± 3), AP (166 ± 1.2 vs 153 ± 1.2), LD (3.18 ± 0.04 vs 2.90 ± 0.04), and AGM (2.41 ± 0.02 vs 2.21 ± 0.02), but a lower GG (0.114 ± 0.003 vs 0.139 ± 0.003) as compared to LNAT heifer calves. More L16 animals (67 %) presented estrus versus LNAT (38 %) and the age of the rst estrus was lower in L1 (278 ± 2 vs 288 ± 2 d). Consequently...

Broiler performance and bone strength minimally affected by either a simulated dusk or night-interruption photoperiod

Lewis,P.D.; Gous,R.M.; Tumova,E.
Fonte: South African Journal of Animal Science Publicador: South African Journal of Animal Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
Two genotypes of male broilers were given 12 h of daily illumination; as a conventional photoperiod, with the final hour at reduced illuminance to simulate dusk, or with 1 h of the light given during the middle of the night. The lighting modifications had no significant effect on any performance variable or on tibial breaking strength. Feed intake was unaffected by the lighting treatments during either the 1-h dusk period or the night, but was inexplicably stimulated in the both experimental groups during the main photoperiod.

Effects of season and regulated photoperiod on the reproductive performance of sows

Chokoe,T.C.; Siebrits,F.K.
Fonte: South African Journal of Animal Science Publicador: South African Journal of Animal Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.11%
Reproductive performance of experimental commercial Dalland sows (n = 87) maintained under a constant photoperiod (10 h light and 14 h darkness) and control sows (n = 187) maintained under natural daylight length (10.4 h light in winter and 13.4 h light in summer) were compared. In early summer 4.1% of experimental sows returned to oestrus compared to 20.8% of the control sows. In late summer 9.1% of experimental sows returned to oestrus compared to 21.9% of the control sows. Reduced photoperiod improved the farrowing rate of experimental sows in the early summer breeding compared to the control group (95.4% and 81.3%, respectively). With winter breeding there was a small proportion of sows that returned to service in both groups (7.9% and 8.9%) while the farrowing rate was high in both groups (93.9% and 91.0% in the experimental and control groups, respectively). Litter sizes derived from early summer services were 11.4 and 11.6 for the experimental and control groups, respectively, while winter services led to litter sizes of 11.6 and 12.4 whereas in late summer services, regulated photoperiod had improved the litter size of the experimental group (12.3) compared to the control group (11.2).