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Determination of uranium in phosphoric acid using neutron activation analysis

SILVA, N. C.; MACACINI, J. F.; FUKUMA, H. T.; FENANDES, E. A. N.
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.58%
Phosphoric acid is generally obtained from an aqueous process starting with the reaction between phosphate rock and sulphuric acid. Due to their chemical similarity, uranium is usually associated with phosphate rock which during chemical processing is partitioned to phosphoric acid. Uranium determination in this matrix is a very important task because of its ingestion it could lead to radiological impact on the population. Therefore, a procedure was developed using an initial precipitation with calcium hydroxide and evaporation, followed by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The procedure was applied to analyse fourteen uranium enriched phosphoric acid samples.; FAPEMIG-Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais

The impact of water concentration on the catalytic oxidation of ethanol on platinum electrode in concentrated phosphoric acid

CAMARGO, A. P. M.; PREVIDELLO, B. A. F.; VARELA, H.; GONZALEZ, E. R.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.49%
The electro-oxidation of ethanol on platinum in phosphoric acid opens the door to promote the oxidation reaction at higher temperatures. However, the effect of the presence of water is not well understood. In this work, the electro-oxidation of ethanol on platinum was studied in concentrated phosphoric acid containing different concentrations of water at room temperature. The results show that effect of bulk water on the rate electro-oxidation is highest at 0.60 V and decreases for increasing potentials. This was suggested as due to the increasing formation of oxygenated species on the electrode surface with potential, which in turn is more efficient than the increase of water content in the electrolyte. Altogether, these results were interpreted as an evidence of a Langmuir-Hinshelwood step involving oxygenated species as one of the adsorbed partners. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico a Tecnologico (CNPq); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)

Caracterização da matéria orgânica de um ácido fosfórico industrial com vistas a sua remoção por flotação.; Characterization of the organic matter of the phosphoric acid industry with views her removal for flotation.

Pini, Reynaldo Arbue
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/06/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.61%
Este trabalho aborda a caracterização da matéria orgânica existente num ácido fosfórico de pureza industrial (AFPI), oriundo do Marrocos, objetivando sua remoção através de flotação por ar dissolvido (FAD). O AFPI é um líquido escuro que exibe densidade (2020 kg/m³) e viscosidade dinâmica (1,94 x 10-² Pa.s at 20°C) muito mais alta do que os tipos mais puros de ácido fosfórico, como o grau alimentar e o de pureza analítica. Por outro lado, o AFPI apresenta tensão superficial mais baixa que o ácido de grau alimentício (55,2 mN/m versus 63,7 mN/m a 25°C), indicando a presença de espécies surfactantes dissolvidas (ácidos carboxílicos de cadeia aromática). O teor de 447ppm de carbono orgânico total (TOC) evidencia a alta contaminação do AFPI marroquino por matéria orgânica, que pode ocorrer dissolvida (ácidos carboxílicos aromáticos) ou na forma de minúsculas placas que exibem diâmetro (média aritmética ponderada) de 4µm. Ensaios FAD foram executados usando ar pressurizado a 3,5kgf/cm², que após alívio de pressão, produziu uma população de bolhas com diâmetro de 2,41 x 10`POT´-5m (média aritmética ponderada) e altíssimo desvio padrão (2,94 x10`POT´-5m). A medida do diâmetro de bolhas (db)...

Condicionamento do esmalte com óxido de alumínio associado ao ácido fosfórico na colagem indireta de braquetes; Enamel conditioning with aluminum oxide associated to phosphoric acid in indirect bonding of brackets

Robles Ruiz, Julissa Janet
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/03/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.72%
O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a resistência de união e a interface de falha da colagem de braquetes colados pela técnica indireta após o condicionamento do esmalte com jato de óxido de alumínio de 27, 50 e 90 m seguido da aplicação de ácido fosfórico a 37%; e avaliar quantitativa e qualitativamente as alterações da superfície do esmalte após os diferentes tipos de condicionamento. A amostra foi constituída por 104 pré-molares superiores. Na primeira parte da pesquisa 80 dentes foram divididos aleatoriamente em 4 grupos (n=20) que receberam diferentes condicionamentos das faces linguais: G1 (controle)- ácido fosfórico a 37%; G2, G3 e G4- jato de óxido de alumínio de 27, 50 e 90 m, respectivamente, antes da aplicação de ácido fosfórico. Braquetes linguais foram colados indiretamente com o mesmo material e metodologia nos 4 grupos. A força máxima de cisalhamento requerida para descolar os braquetes foi determinada por meio de uma máquina de ensaios mecânicos universal, e a interface de falha na colagem, por meio do Índice de Resina Remanescente (ARI). Para a avaliação quantitativa dos efeitos provocados no esmalte pelos diferentes condicionamentos, 20 dentes foram divididos aleatoriamente em 4 grupos...

Efeito da adição de ácidos fosfóricos no comportamento reológico de ligantes asfálticos puros e modificados com copolímero SBS; Effect of phosphoric acid in the rheological behavior of pure and modified asphalt binders with SBS copolymer

Sobreiro, Fernanda Pilati
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/03/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.52%
A adição de modificadores no ligante asfáltico visando melhorar o seu comportamento é uma prática comum atualmente. Existem vários tipos de modificadores, entre eles o mais utilizado nas rodovias federais brasileiras é o copolímero SBS. Além dos polímeros, o ácido polifosfórico (PPA) é outro tipo de modificador que produz boas características quando adicionado ao ligante asfáltico. Apesar do efeito positivo, sabe-se que este material é importado, o que dificulta sua aquisição e pode tornar o produto final muito caro. Tendo em vista a possibilidade de se trabalhar com um produto de mesma base, mas de origem nacional, o que o tornaria o modificador mais acessível, optou-se por verificar o comportamento da adição de ácido fosfórico (PA85) ao ligante asfáltico. Sendo assim, o propósito desta tese é analisar o efeito da adição de ácidos fosfóricos no comportamento reológico de ligantes asfálticos puros e modificados com o copolímero SBS. Para tanto, realizou-se ensaios empíricos e reológicos com o intuito de verificar o comportamento destes materiais. Na primeira parte da pesquisa, dois ligantes asfálticos de base, CAP50/70 de classificação PG64-XX, (Replan e Lubnor), foram modificados somente com a adição dos dois ácidos (PPA e PA85)...

Estudo dos parâmetros operacionais de uma célula a combustível de glicerol direto utilizando uma membrana de polibencimidazol impregnada com ácido fosfórico (PBI/H3PO4) ou 1-hexil-3-metilimidazol trifluorometanosulfo; Study of the operating parameters of a direct glycerol fuel cell using a polibenzimidazole membrane impregnated with phosphoric acid (PBI/H3PO4) or 1-hexyl-3-methylimidaolium trifluoromethanesulfonate (PBI/HMI-Tf)

Barrientos, Wilner Valenzuela
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/07/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
Com o aumento da população mundial, o desenvolvimento de novas fontes e conversores de energia tornou-se uma necessidade. As células a combustível mostram-se como uma alternativa viável devido principalmente a duas razões, sua alta eficiência e a utilização de combustíveis renováveis. No presente trabalho se estuda a influência da temperatura de operação e o conteúdo de álcali no combustível sobre a densidade de potencia para uma célula a combustível de glicerol direto. Como combustível foi utilizado uma solução de glicerol:KOH (1M:xM, x=0, 1, 3, 5), como membranas foram utilizados filmes de polibencimidazol impregnado com ácido fosfórico (PBI/H3PO4, relação molar 1:11) ou 1-hexil-3-metilimidazol trifluorometanosulfonato (PBI/HMI-Tf relação molar 1:1.5), e finalmente, nano partículas de Pt suportadas em carbono (60% w/w) como catalizador no ânodo e no cátodo. Em geral, o incremento da temperatura e conteúdo de álcali no combustível mostra um efeito favorável na densidade de potencia do sistema. Numa célula a combustível unitária de glicerol direto utilizando membranas de PBI/ H3PO4 e PBI/HMI-Tf foram obtidas densidades de potencia de 0.54mW.cm-2 a 175°C e 0.599mW.cm-2 a 130°C, respectivamente...

Mathematical equation correction to spectral and transport interferences in high-resolution continuum source flame atomic absorption spectrometry: determination of lead in phosphoric acid

Raposo Jr, Jorge Luiz; Oliveira, Silvana Ruella de; Nóbrega, Joaquim Araújo; Gomes Neto, José Anchieta
Fonte: Editora Unesp Publicador: Editora Unesp
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 19-24
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
Um método de correção de interferência espectral e de transporte é proposto, e foi aplicado para minimizar interferências por moléculas de PO produzidas em chama ar-acetileno e de transporte causada pela variação da concentração de ácido fosfórico. Átomos de Pb e moléculas de PO absorvem a 217,0005 nm, então Atotal217,0005 nm = A Pb217,0005 nm + A PO217,0005 nm. Monitorando o comprimento de onda alternativo de PO em 217,0458 nm, é possível calcular a contribuição relativa de PO na absorbância total a 217,0005 nm: A Pb217,0005 nm = Atotal217,0005 nm - A PO217,0005 nm = Atotal217,0005 nm - k (A PO217,0458 nm). O fator de correção k é a razão entre os coeficientes angulares de duas curvas analíticas para P obtidas a 217,0005 e 217,0458 nm (k = b217,0005 nm/b217,0458 nm). Fixando-se a taxa de aspiração da amostra em 5,0 ml min-1, e integrando-se a absorbância no comprimento de onda a 3 pixels, curvas analíticas para Pb (0,1 - 1,0 mg L-1) foram obtidas com coeficientes de correlação típicos > 0,9990. As correlações lineares entre absorbância e concentração de P nos comprimentos de onda 217,0005 e 217,0458 foram > 0,998. O limite de detecção de Pb foi 10 µg L-1. O método de correção proposto forneceu desvios padrão relativos (n=12) de 2...

Internal standardization and least-squares background correction in high-resolution continuum source flame atomic absorption spectrometry to eliminate interferences on determination of Pb in phosphoric acid

Raposo, Jorge L.; Oliveira, Silvana R.; Nobrega, Joaquim A.; Gomes Neto, Jose A.
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 992-995
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.49%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); In this work the least-squares background correction (LSBC) and internal standardization (IS) techniques were combined to eliminate spectral and transport interferences in the determination of Pb in phosphoric acid by high-resolution continuum source atomic absorption spectrometry (HR-CS AAS). Blanks, samples and reference solutions [0.10-1.00 mg L-1 Ph in 1% (v/v) HNO3] were spiked with 4.00 mg L-1 Co used as internal standard. For absorbance measurements at the wavelength integrated absorbance equivalent to 9 pixels, correlations between the ratio of absorbance of Ph to absorbance of Co and the analyte concentration were close to 0.9992. Relative standard deviations of measurements varied from 0.6 to 4% and 1 to 7% (n = 12) without and with IS/LSBC techniques, respectively. Recoveries for Ph spikes were in the 96-104% and 76-180% range with and without IS/LSBC, respectively. The limit of detection improved with IS/LSBC techniques. Accuracy of the proposed method was checked for the determinations of Ph in commercial phosphoric acid samples and results obtained with IS were better than those without IS. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Length of resin tags in pit-and-fissure sealants: all-in-one self-etching adhesive vs phosphoric acid etching.

dos Santos, Karina Tonini; Sundfeld, Renato Herman; Garbin, Cléa Adas Saliba; de Alexandre, Rodrigo Sversut; Sundefeld, Maria Lúcia Marçal Mazza; Ceolim, Bruna Nakae
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 186-192
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.66%
PURPOSE: To investigate the penetration (tags) of adhesive materials into enamel etched with phosphoric acid or treated with a self-etching adhesive, before application of a pit-and-fissure sealant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised six study groups with six specimens each. Before pit-and-fissure sealing with the materials Clinpro SealantTM (Groups I and II), Vitro Seal ALPHA (Groups III and IV) and Fuji II LC (Groups V and VI), the teeth in Groups I, III, and V were etched with 35% phosphoric acid for 30 seconds. Teeth in Groups II, IV, and VI received application of the self-etching adhesive Adper Prompt L-Pop. The treated teeth were sectioned buccolingually, ground to 100-microm thickness, decalcified, and analyzed by conventional light microscopy at 400x magnification. RESULTS: The teeth etched with phosphoric acid exhibited significantly greater penetration than specimens treated with self-etching adhesive. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: When compared with enamel treated with a self-etching adhesive, the penetration (tags) of adhesive materials into enamel was greater when applied on enamel etched with phosphoric acid.

Effect of phosphoric acid on the degradation of human dentin matrix

Tezvergil-Mutluay, A.; Mutluay, M.; Seseogullari-Dirihan, R.; Agee, K. A.; Key, W. O.; Scheffel, D. L S; Breschi, L.; Mazzoni, A.; Tjäderhane, L.; Nishitani, Y.; Tay, F. R.; Pashley, D. H.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 87-91
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.49%
This study determined if dentin proteases are denatured by phosphoric acid (PA) used in etch-and-rinse dentin adhesives. Dentin beams were completely demineralized with EDTA for 30 days. We acid-etched experimental groups by exposing the demineralized dentin beams to 1, 10, or 37 mass% PA for 15 sec or 15 min. Control beams were not exposed to PA but were incubated in simulated body fluid for 3 days to assay their total endogenous telopeptidase activity, by their ability to solubilize C-terminal crosslinked telopeptides ICTP and CTX from insoluble dentin collagen. Control beams released 6.1 ± 0.8 ng ICTP and 0.6 ± 0.1 ng CTX/mg dry-wt/3 days. Positive control beams pre-incubated in p-aminophenylmercuric acetate, a compound known to activate proMMPs, released about the same amount of ICTP peptides, but released significantly less CTX. Beams immersed in 1, 10, or 37 mass% PA for 15 sec or 15 min released amounts of ICTP and CTX similar to that released by the controls (p > 0.05). Beams incubated in galardin, an MMP inhibitor, or E-64, a cathepsin inhibitor, blocked most of the release of ICTP and CTX, respectively. It is concluded that PA does not denature endogenous MMP and cathepsin activities of dentin matrices. © 2013 International & American Associations for Dental Research.

Mathematical equation correction to spectral and transport interferences in high-resolution continuum source flame atomic absorption spectrometry: determination of lead in phosphoric acid

Raposo Jr,Jorge Luiz; Oliveira,Silvana Ruella de; Nóbrega,Joaquim Araújo; Gomes Neto,José Anchieta
Fonte: Fundação Editora da Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho - UNESP Publicador: Fundação Editora da Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho - UNESP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
In this work, a new mathematical equation correction approach for overcoming spectral and transport interferences was proposed. The proposal was applied to eliminate spectral interference caused by PO molecules at the 217.0005 nm Pb line, and the transport interference caused by variations in phosphoric acid concentrations. Correction may be necessary at 217.0005 nm to account for the contribution of PO, since Atotal217.0005 nm = A Pb217.0005 nm + A PO217.0005 nm. This may be easily done by measuring other PO wavelengths (e.g. 217.0458 nm) and calculating the relative contribution of PO absorbance (A PO) to the total absorbance (Atotal) at 217.0005 nm: A Pb217.0005 nm = Atotal217.0005 nm - A PO217.0005 nm = Atotal217.0005 nm - k (A PO217.0458 nm). The correction factor k is calculated from slopes of calibration curves built up for phosphorous (P) standard solutions measured at 217.0005 and 217.0458 nm, i.e. k = (slope217.0005 nm/slope217.0458 nm). For wavelength integrated absorbance of 3 pixels, sample aspiration rate of 5.0 ml min-1, analytical curves in the 0.1 - 1.0 mg L-1 Pb range with linearity better than 0.9990 were consistently obtained. Calibration curves for P at 217.0005 and 217.0458 nm with linearity better than 0.998 were obtained. Relative standard deviations (RSD) of measurements (n = 12) in the range of 1.4 - 4.3% and 2.0 - 6.0% without and with mathematical equation correction approach were obtained respectively. The limit of detection calculated to analytical line at 217.0005 nm was 10 µg L-1 Pb. Recoveries for Pb spikes were in the 97.5 - 100% and 105 - 230% intervals with and without mathematical equation correction approach...

Antimicrobial and cytotoxic effects of phosphoric acid solution compared to other root canal irrigants

PRADO,Maíra; SILVA,Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal da; DUQUE,Thais Mageste; ZAIA,Alexandre Augusto; FERRAZ,Caio Cezar Randi; ALMEIDA,José Flávio Affonso de; GOMES,Brenda Paula Figueiredo de Almeida
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.67%
Phosphoric acid has been suggested as an irrigant due to its effectiveness in removing the smear layer. Objectives : The purpose of this study was to compare the antimicrobial and cytotoxic effects of a 37% phosphoric acid solution to other irrigants commonly used in endodontics. Material and Methods : The substances 37% phosphoric acid, 17% EDTA, 10% citric acid, 2% chlorhexidine (solution and gel), and 5.25% NaOCl were evaluated. The antimicrobial activity was tested against Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Actinomyces meyeri, Parvimonas micra, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Prevotella nigrescens according to the agar diffusion method. The cytotoxicity of the irrigants was determined by using the MTT assay. Results : Phosphoric acid presented higher antimicrobial activity compared to the other tested irrigants. With regard to the cell viability, this solution showed results similar to those with 5.25% NaOCl and 2% chlorhexidine (gel and solution), whereas 17% EDTA and 10% citric acid showed higher cell viability compared to other irrigants. Conclusion : Phosphoric acid demonstrated higher antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity similar to that of 5.25% NaOCl and 2% chlorhexidine (gel and solution).

Morphology of the dentin on primary molars after the application of phosphoric acid under different conditions

Pimenta,Renata Antonini; Penido,Cláudia Valéria de Sousa Resende; Cruz,Roberval de Almeida; Alves,José Bento
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.6%
The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the superficial dentin pattern of primary teeth after applying different phosphoric acid concentrations and conditioning times. Twenty-four dentin surfaces were divided in 4 groups with 10 teeth each: GI -no treatment; GII to GIV -phosphoric acid at 37%, 32%, and 10% respectively. The samples were divided into two halves: one treated for 7 seconds (T1) and the other one for 15 seconds (T2). They were submitted to scanning electronic microscopy (SEM). A reticule was superimposed upon the images to randomly select dentinal tubules measured in µm². The conditioning times did not cause significant differences in the mean diameter values of the dentin tubules within each test group: GII (T1= 4.86; T2= 4.70); GIII (T1 = 3.83; T2= 3.08); GIV (T1= 5.04; T2= 5.23). Comparing different groups, there were no differences in T1. The same results were observed in T2, except for GIV which presented higher mean diameter values than GIII. The extent of acid conditioning did not influence tubule opening within groups. When different types of acids where compared, only the 10% phosphoric acid showed upper tubule opening than 32% phosphoric acid. The dentin pattern varied according to the type of acid used for conditioning.

Cation hydration in hydrogelic polyacrylamide-phosphoric acid network: A study by Raman spectroscopy

Costa, A. M. Amorim da; Amado, A. M.
Fonte: Universidade de Coimbra Publicador: Universidade de Coimbra
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: aplication/PDF
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.49%
The effects upon the structure and morphology of adding lithium, calcium and magnesium chlorides to a phosphoric acid/polyacrylamide 2:1 molar ratio proton conducting hydrogel are examined by observing the changes in the vibrational features of the polyacrylamide chain, in the phosphate group and in the interstitial water molecules as a function of the concentration and the cationic nature of the additive, at 295 K. On adding H3PO4 to the polyacrylamide hydrogel matrix, the amide groups become more accessible and the polyacrylamide-phosphoric acid network behaves like structure-makers promoting a larger association in the [`]bulk' liquid water molecules.; http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TY4-4489PN9-C/1/a2a26c06c6a7d95b04bfde08bc375e3f

Effect of phosphoric acid etching on the shear bond strength of two self-etch adhesives

SABATINI,Camila
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.64%
Objective To evaluate the effect of optional phosphoric acid etching on the shear bond strength (SBS) of two self-etch adhesives to enamel and dentin. Material and Methods Ninety-six bovine mandibular incisors were ground flat to obtain enamel and dentin substrates. A two-step self-etch adhesive (FL-Bond II) and a one-step self-etch adhesive (BeautiBond) were applied with and without a preliminary acid etching to both the enamel and dentin. The specimens were equally and randomly assigned to 4 groups per substrate (n=12) as follows: FL-Bond II etched; FL-Bond II un-etched; BeautiBond etched; BeautiBond un-etched. Composite cylinders (Filtek Z100) were bonded onto the treated tooth structure. The shear bond strength was evaluated after 24 hours of storage (37°C, 100% humidity) with a testing machine (Ultra-tester) at a speed of 1 mm/min. The data was analyzed using a two-way ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey's test with a significance level of p<0.05. A field emission scanning electron microscope was used for the failure mode analysis. Results Both adhesives evidenced a significant decrease in the dentin SBS with the use of an optional phosphoric acid-etching step (p<0.05). Preliminary phosphoric acid etching yielded significantly higher enamel SBS for FL-Bond II (p<0.05) only...

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE SHEAR BOND STRENGTH OF COMPOSITE RESIN TO DENTAL ENAMEL CONDITIONED WITH PHOSPHORIC ACID OR Nd: YAG LASER

EDUARDO,Carlos de Paula; OLIVEIRA JUNIOR,Wilson Tavares de; MYAKI,Silvio Issáo; ZEZELL,Denise Maria
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/1997 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.49%
This study has been focused on a comparison between the shear bond strength of a composite resin attached to dental enamel surface, after a 35% phosphoric acid etching and after a Nd:YAG laser irradiation with 165.8 J/cm2 of energy density per pulse. After etching and attaching resin to these surfaces, the specimens were thermocycled and then underwent the shearing bond strength tests at a speed of 5 mm/min. The results achieved, after statistical analysis with Student's t-test, showed that the adhesion was significantly greater in the 35% phosphoric acid treated group than in the group treated with the Nd:YAG laser, thus demonstrating the need for developing new studies to reach the ideal parameters for an effective enamel surface conditioning as well as specific adhesives and composite resins when Nd:YAG laser is used

Effect of PPTA pre-impregnation with phosphoric acid on the porous texture of carbons prepared by CO2 activation of PPTA chars

Castro Muñiz, Alberto; Martínez Alonso, Amelia; Díez Tascón, Juan Manuel
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 22195 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.49%
6 pages, 6 figures, 2 tables. -- Available online 5 November 2008.; Activated carbon fibers (ACFs) were prepared by CO2 gasification to different burn-offs of chars from the polyaramid fiber, poly(p-phenylene terephthalamide) (PPTA) pre-impregnated with 5 wt.% H3PO4. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that the addition of phosphoric acid produces a significant increase in the yield of solid residue. While the char yield of the pure polymer at 1000 °C amounted to 39.5 wt.%, it rose to 52.8 wt.% in the case of 5 wt.% H3PO4-impregnated PPTA. The chars and derived ACFs were characterized by physical adsorption of N2 (−196 °C) and CO2 (0 °C). No significant differences were found as concerns chars porosity. At equivalent burn-offs, the surface area of the ACFs prepared by physical activation with CO2 was up to 70% higher in the case of PPTA pre-impregnated with phosphoric acid, the pore size distribution being displaced towards somewhat wider pores within the 2–10 nm range. These results are in contrast with those obtained previously with the poly(m-phenylene isophthalamide) (PMIA) polymer, where H3PO4 pre-impregnation did not significantly affect the porosity of chars and ACFs.; A.C.-M. acknowledges receipt of an I3P pre-doctoral contract from CSIC. Financial support from the Spanish MEC (project CTQ2005-01905-C04-02-PPQ) is gratefully acknowledged.; Peer reviewed

Proton-conducting membranes based on poly(2,5-benzimidazole) (ABPBI) and phosphoric acid prepared by direct acid casting

Asensio, Juan Antonio; Borrós, Salvador; Gómez-Romero, P.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 579917 bytes; image/jpeg
ENG
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Texto completo disponible en la web del autor: http://www.cienciateca.com/ABPBI-DAC_J_Membrane_Sci_2004_241_89-93.pdf; We report the preparation of phosphoric acid doped poly(2,5-benzimidazole) (ABPBI) membranes for PEMFC by simultaneously doping and casting from a poly(2,5-benzimidazole)/phosphoric acid/methanesulfonic acid (MSA) solution. The evaporation of MSA yields a very homogeneous membrane having a better controlled composition, avoiding the use of solvent-intensive procedures. Membranes have been prepared with contents of up to 3.0H3PO4 molecules per ABPBI repeating unit. These membranes achieve a maximum conductivity of 1.5 ~ 10.2 S cm.1 at temperatures as high as 180 .C in dry conditions. These ABPBI membranes are more conveniently prepared than those conventionally formed and doped in separate steps while featuring comparable conductivities (ABPBI ~ 2.7H3PO4 prepared by the soaking method showed a conductivity of 2.5 ~ 10.2 S cm.1 at 180 .C in dry conditions).; This work was carried out within the framework of the Xarxa Temàtica de Piles de Combustible” de la Generalitat de Catalunya and the “Red de Pilas de Combustible del CSIC” and was partially funded by MCyT (Spain) (MAT2002-04529-C03). We thank the MCyT for a pre-doctoral fellowship awarded to J.A.A.; Peer reviewed

Effect of phosphoric acid etching on the shear bond strength of two self-etch adhesives

SABATINI, Camila
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2013 ENG
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Objective To evaluate the effect of optional phosphoric acid etching on the shear bond strength (SBS) of two self-etch adhesives to enamel and dentin. Material and Methods Ninety-six bovine mandibular incisors were ground flat to obtain enamel and dentin substrates. A two-step self-etch adhesive (FL-Bond II) and a one-step self-etch adhesive (BeautiBond) were applied with and without a preliminary acid etching to both the enamel and dentin. The specimens were equally and randomly assigned to 4 groups per substrate (n=12) as follows: FL-Bond II etched; FL-Bond II un-etched; BeautiBond etched; BeautiBond un-etched. Composite cylinders (Filtek Z100) were bonded onto the treated tooth structure. The shear bond strength was evaluated after 24 hours of storage (37°C, 100% humidity) with a testing machine (Ultra-tester) at a speed of 1 mm/min. The data was analyzed using a two-way ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey's test with a significance level of p<0.05. A field emission scanning electron microscope was used for the failure mode analysis. Results Both adhesives evidenced a significant decrease in the dentin SBS with the use of an optional phosphoric acid-etching step (p<0.05). Preliminary phosphoric acid etching yielded significantly higher enamel SBS for FL-Bond II (p<0.05) only...

Preparation of activated carbons from banana leaves by chemical activation with phosphoric acid: Adsorption of methylene blue

Martín-González,M.A.; Susial,P.; Pérez -Peña,J.; Doña-Rodríguez,J.M.
Fonte: UAM, Unidad Iztapalapa, División de Ciencias Básicas e Ingeniería Publicador: UAM, Unidad Iztapalapa, División de Ciencias Básicas e Ingeniería
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
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Banana leaves, which represent the second major residue generated in banana cultivations, were used as raw material for the preparation of six different activated carbons. The adsorbents were developed from this lignocellulosic precursor by means of chemical activation with phosphoric acid, modifying the concentration of the activating agent and the carbonization temperature during The production process. The obtained activated carbons presented slightly acid points of zero charge, high specific surface areas (798.51-1227.60 m²/g) and large total pore volumes (0.831.29 cm³/g), resulting mainly mesoporous. These adsorbents were employed for the adsorption of Methylene Blue in batch process. The dynamic experimental data were adjusted to pseudo-first and pseudo-second order kinetic models by non-linear regression, while the equilibrium experimental data were correlated to the Freundlich and Langmuir models. The monolayer adsorption capacities of this dye reached significant values, between 19.08 and 48.01 mg/g.