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Ética e literatura na obra de Samuel Rawet; Ethics and Literature in Samuel Rawet's work

Kirschbaum, Saul
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/06/2004 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
O presente trabalho trata de estabelecer as conexões entre os aspectos éticos e os propriamente literários na obra do escritor judeu-brasileiro Samuel Rawet, nascido na Polônia em 1929, que viveu no Brasil de 1936 até sua morte em 1984. Rawet é autor de considerável obra ficcional, notadamente nos gêneros conto e novela curta, além de alguns ensaios de caráter filosófico. Por hipótese, não há como pensar em ética e literatura sem algum esforço para situar o relacionamento entre esses dois assuntos historicamente e estabelecer um quadro conceitual de referência; isto é empreendido no primeiro capítulo da pesquisa, que focaliza a comparação na obra de Platão e Dante, introduz a crítica de Theodor Adorno à assim chamada literatura engajada, e expõe brevemente o pensamento do filósofo judeu Emmanuel Levinas, que dedicou em sua obra atenção especial à própria condição da literatura para servir de suporte para um discurso verdadeiramente ético. A posição ética de Rawet é, então, apreciada em alguns de seus contos, tanto nos aspectos temáticos de solidariedade para com o oprimido, denúncia da violência, etc, quanto nos formais, como sejam foco narrativo, estruturação fragmentária de narradores e personagens...

A invenção do discurso: filosofia e literatura em Merleau-Ponty; The invention of discourse: philosophy and literature by Merleau-Ponty.

Canhada, Julio Miranda
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/03/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.18%
Neste trabalho procuramos examinar a maneira pela qual o discurso filosófico de Mau-rice Merleau-Ponty é contruído. Num primeiro momento, os temas da linguagem e tem-poralidade são analisados tendo em vista sua participação na interrogação filosófica em geral. O principal interlocutor que escolhemos para este passo é Henri Bergson. Em segundo lugar, tentamos trazer para a discussão avaliações distintas acerca do fazer lite-rário, as quais foram empreendidas por autores com quem Merleau-Ponty dialogou em sua obra. Essa interlocução, aliás, esclarece também a importância da presença da não-filosofia no discurso filosófico merleau-pontyano. Por fim, buscamos traçar alguns pa-ralelos com a obra romanesca de Proust, escritor muito presente nos textos de Merleau-Ponty, a fim de levantar questões acerca da proximidade entre narrativa literária e filo-sofia, tanto no que diz respeito à construção discursiva, quanto à função da temporali-dade.; In this academic work we examine the way by which Maurice Merleau-Ponty's philoso-phical discourse is constructed. Firstly, the themes of language and temporality are analised in regards to its part in philosophical questioning in general. The main interlocutor chosen for this section is Henri Bergson. Secondly...

Entre literatura, cinema e filosofia: Miguilim nas telas; Between literature, cinema e philosophy: Miguilim on screen

Marques, Davina
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/02/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo analisar a literatura e o cinema a partir da filosofia contemporânea. Foram objetos deste estudo a literatura, aqui representada por João Guimarães Rosa, e o cinema inspirado por uma de suas obras. Analisou-se Campo Geral, novela publicada pela primeira vez em Corpo de Baile (1956) em relação a Mutum (2007), de Sandra Kogut, o filme mais recente de inspiração rosiana até a organização do projeto de pesquisa que deu origem a esta tese. Para a análise do corpus da pesquisa, emprestamos alguns conceitos da filosofia, especialmente de Gilles Deleuze, um autor que se dedicou ao cinema e à literatura em seus escritos individuais e na parceria com Félix Guattari. Fazendo um recorte da literatura e do cinema à luz dos conceitos filosóficos selecionados, reafirmamos as potências contemporâneas da arte rosiana. Ao trabalharmos conceitos em um plano transversal coerente com o pensamento deleuziano, também estabelecemos critérios para uma análise comparatista entre literatura e cinema, explorando principalmente o conceito de fabulação.; We have compared literature and cinema according to contemporary philosophy. The objects of research were Campo Geral, written by João Guimarães Rosa (a novel first published in 1956)...

A expressão metafórica do sentido de existir na literatura caboverdiana contemporânea: João Varela, Corsino Fortes e José Luís Tavares; The metaphorical expression of the sense of existing on contemporary Cape Verdean literature: João Varela, Corsino Fortes and José Luís Tavares

Fernandes, Maria de Fátima
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/10/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
A produção literária assinada pelos autores cabo-verdianos João Vário (heterônimo de João Varela), Corsino Fortes e José Luís Tavares constitui o objeto central desta análise desenvolvida a partir do estudo teórico do conceito de Identidade, visando enquadrar teoricamente a produção literária cabo-verdiana contemporânea, identificar as principais linhas de sua orientação (conteúdos, temática, estilos, retórica), relevando a receptividade da intercomunicação cultural e literária de/entre eles, bem como apresentar uma fundamentação teórica e metodológica para a leitura de suas obras. Aliando conteúdos teóricos aos contextos de produção poética pré e pós-independência, analisamos poemas das obras Exemplos (1966-1998), de João Vário, A cabeça calva de Deus (2001), de Corsino Fortes, e Agreste matéria mundo (2004), de José Luís Tavares para verificar o posicionamento dos sujeitos literários na (re)construção da(s) identidade(s) na Literatura Cabo-Verdiana a partir dos anos 1960 do século XX à atualidade. O tratamento do tema visa caracterizar uma expressão metafórica do sentido de existir na Literatura Cabo-verdiana contemporânea, consubstanciada essencialmente no cruzamento de orientações dos estudos literários pós-estruturalistas...

Estados mentais e atitudes proposicionais: abordagens filosóficas da psicologia do senso comum; Mental states and propositional attitudes: philosophical approaches to folk psychology

Oliveira, Guilherme Sanches de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/05/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
A literatura filosófica sobre a Psicologia do Senso Comum se estende desde a década de 1970, e abrange diversas questões sobre nosso entendimento interpessoal cotidiano, nossa capacidade de interação e coordenação de atividades, o arcabouço conceitual intuitivo que relaciona estados mentais e atitudes proposicionais a comportamentos, e os mecanismos cognitivos de leitura mental que nos permitem atribuir estados mentais a outras pessoas. Nesta dissertação eu examino o desenvolvimento histórico desta literatura, identificando dois debates distintos, o primeiro (principalmente entre Paul Churchland e Jerry Fodor dos anos 70 aos anos 90) tendo como foco a relação entre a teoria da Psicologia do Senso Comum e teorias científicas (da neurociência e das ciências cognitivas), e o segundo (o debate contemporâneo) tendo como foco os mecanismos cognitivos de leitura mental e o papel das atribuições de estados mentais e atitudes proposicionais nas teorias da cognição corporificada, situada e estendida. Além do exame histórico do que argumento serem dois debates distintos e da transição conceitual entre ambos, também apresento aqui minha crítica à abordagem eliminativista contemporânea de Matthew Ratcliffe e, como alternativa...

Natural Law and the Law of Nature in Early British Beast Literature

Wang, Laura Li Ching
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In the tumultuous political environment of late fifteenth- and early sixteenth-century Britain, animal literature saw rapid development and innovation. Beast fable and epic, which already had a long tradition in Latin and French, gained new vigor and popularity in English and Scots renditions. Simultaneously, a new strain of political theory appeared in the vernacular. This dissertation makes a tripartite argument about the relationship between these two discourses. First, writers of literature and political theory alike struggled to reconcile an optimistic view of human society, inherent in the prevailing philosophical tradition of natural law, with the widespread corruption they witnessed in ecclesiastical and royal courts. The fruits of this struggle were darkly humorous works of beast epic and fable in the former case, and pragmatic political theory in the latter. Second, because of its literary character, beast literature actually proved more adventurous than political theory in demonstrating how one might use dissimulation to dominate the predatory world of politics, and in showing the moral and linguistic exhaustion that could result from such manipulation of others. Third, as political writers adapted their theories to reflect politics as it was actually practiced...

Philosophy, Science and Exegesis in Greek, Arabic and Latin Commentaries, Vol.2

Fonte: Institute of Classical Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London; London UK Publicador: Institute of Classical Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London; London UK
Tipo: Book (edited)
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.18%
This two volume Supplement to the Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies represents the proceedings of a conference held at the Institute on 27-29 June, 2002, in honour of Richard Sorabji. These volumes, which are intended to build on the massive achievement of Professor Sorabji’s Ancient Commentators on Aristotle series, focus on the commentary as a vehicle of philosophical and scientific thought. Volume One deals with the Greek tradition, including one paper on Byzantine philosophy and one on the Latin author Calcidius, who is very close to the late Greek tradition in outlook. The volume begins with an overview of the tradition of commenting on Aristotle, and of the study of this tradition in the modern era. It concludes with an up-to-date bibliography of scholarship devoted to the commentators. Volume Two deals with commentaries in Arabic, including a paper on the reception of Arabic interpretations of Aristotle’s De anima in Latin during the Renaissance.; http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/33015762; edited by Peter Adamson, Han Baltussen and M.W.F. Stone

Philosophy, Science and Exegesis in Greek, Arabic and Latin Commentaries; Vol.1

Fonte: Institute of Classical Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London; London Publicador: Institute of Classical Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London; London
Tipo: Book (edited)
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.18%
This two volume Supplement to the Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies represents the proceedings of a conference held at the Institute on 27-29 June, 2002, in honour of Richard Sorabji. These volumes, which are intended to build on the massive achievement of Professor Sorabji’s Ancient Commentators on Aristotle series, focus on the commentary as a vehicle of philosophical and scientific thought. Volume One deals with the Greek tradition, including one paper on Byzantine philosophy and one on the Latin author Calcidius, who is very close to the late Greek tradition in outlook. The volume begins with an overview of the tradition of commenting on Aristotle, and of the study of this tradition in the modern era. It concludes with an up-to-date bibliography of scholarship devoted to the commentators. Volume Two deals with commentaries in Arabic, including a paper on the reception of Arabic interpretations of Aristotle’s De anima in Latin during the Renaissance.; http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/33015762; edited by Peter Adamson, Han Baltussen and M.W.F. Stone

Philosophical Foundations for the Practice of Ecology [Reseña de Libro]

Hall, Chris
Fonte: Universidad de Alcalá Publicador: Universidad de Alcalá
Tipo: Revisão Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.98%
Reseña de libro: William A. Reiners, and Jeffrey A. Lockwood, Philosophical Foundations for the Practice of Ecology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), 212 pp.  

Men of Letters: The Oratorical and Philosophical Relationship Between Cicero and Brutus

Grabarek, Gabriel
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
Thesis (Ph.D.) - Indiana University, Classical Studies, 2010; The friendship between Cicero and Brutus, which has been largely untouched in scholarship, began around 51 B.C. when Cicero was governor in Cilicia, and continued until Cicero's death in December 43 B.C. Their relationship, like any other, had its points of harmony and departure. This dissertation explores their friendship and argues it was so strong at one point that Cicero saw Brutus as his oratorical and philosophical successor. Cicero dedicated no less than six treatises to Brutus in the years of Caesar's autocracy. Some of these treatises, such as the Brutus and the Paradoxa Stoicorum, also give Brutus credit for their inspiration. Since Brutus had a reputation as a respected philosopher, this dissertation argues Cicero wanted Brutus to become the oratorical leader for the future which he had been in the past. After Caesar's murder, however, with the rise of Antony and Octavian, Cicero and Brutus did not agree on how best to serve the Republic, and the few extant letters between them, the Epistulae ad Brutum, are filled with frustration. This dissertation proceeds chronologically and can be divided into two halves. The first half...

La litterature and le Livre (literature and the Book) (French text)

Domon, Helene
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 294 p.; application/pdf
FRE
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.98%
What is "the Book?" Theology and philosophy have traditionally postulated the metaphysical precedence of orality and considered literacy as a subsequent, historical turning point: one day, an original logos "came down" and "enclosed itself" inside the Book. The "community of the Book" has continued to read and write within the epistemological boundaries of this first inscription. Literature has increasingly disengaged the Book from this logocentric foundation. Modern writers have even postulated the philosophical priority of "being in the Book" (Jabes) and redefined logos as one phase of writing (Derrida). Simultaneously, they have attempted to describe the "outside" of the Book: not as logos or truth, but as the endless, meaningless murmur of words which Blanchot calls "rumeur." Rumor, not unlike logos, is yet another form of writing inscribing exteriority within the Book in a complex textual strategy which Nancy calls "excription." Writing may then be defined as the production of an oscillating limit ("&") between an inscribed livre and an "excribed" parole. Exergue: Rumeur. Blanchot's rumeur, Beckett's voix, Serres's noise, Bonnefoy's parole, as well as John's logos en arche are extreme cases of textual "excription." Introduction. Critical review of speech/writing theories. Chapter 1: Sacre/Le Livre & la Parole. In Exodus...

Narrative under the microscope: Evidentiary discourses in Victorian literature and culture, 1829--1876

Penner, Anna Louise
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 235 p.; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
This dissertation traces evidence of the competing epistemologies of the individual and the social through four Victorian novels and through the scientific, philosophical, and medical discourses that were emerging at the time that the novels were being written. Though the two types of epistemology are not necessarily inimical to each other, the heavily empirical and positivist climate of intellectual opinion between the years 1829--1876 fostered the notion that statistical observation was inherently superior to the study of individuals as individuals, a notion confronted by each of the studies my dissertation addresses. I describe how the discourses of medical statistics, natural history, physiology, and psychology inflected the narrative structures and styles of the industrial novel, sensation fiction, the high realist novel, debates about public health, and writings about the sciences themselves during a period of considerable scientific change, the years 1829--1876. The epistemological tensions I locate within the scientific discourses may better explain aspects of the novels that have been previously identified as thematic incoherences or confusions of genre. All of the chapters together provide a sense of both the Victorians' investment in and suspicion about the efficacy of empiricist claims of objectivity and certainty...

The Concept of Disability: A Philosophical Analysis

Ralston, David Christopher
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 371 p.; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.18%
At the most general level, this project seeks to engage the question, "What is disability?" The conceptual exploration is undertaken against the background of the philosophical literature addressing the nature of disease, illness, and disability. This work contends that much of the literature bearing on the nature of disability fails to distinguish sufficiently between different domains of philosophical explanation and concern--ontological, non-moral normative, and moral normative, respectively. Specifically, this involves a failure to distinguish among (a) disputes regarding the proper ontological characterization of disability, particularly as expressed in medical-scientific explanations of the phenomenon; (b) disputes regarding the role of non-moral (aesthetic, epistemic, cultural) values or norms in the constitution of those explanations (i.e., non-moral normative concerns); and (c) disputes regarding moral and political considerations that shape the character of the social reality within which persons with disabilities live (i.e., moral normative concerns). This work advances the thesis that disabilities, like diseases, are "natural," in the sense that they are not mere social constructions, but that values of various sorts nevertheless do enter into the identification of states of affairs as disability...

The career of the missed encounter in classic american literature

Rabhi, Wadia
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
Cette dissertation explore la carrière de la rencontre manquée Lacanienne dans la littérature canonique américaine du dix-neuvième siècle à travers le prisme de la psychanalyse, la déconstruction, le postmodernisme et le postcolonialisme. Je me concentre particulièrement sur La Lettre Écarlate de Hawthorne et Moby-Dick de Melville, en montrant comment ils sont investis dans l'économie narrative de la rencontre manquée, l'économie de ce qui est au-delà de la symbolisation et l'assimilation. L’introduction examine les contours et les détours historiques, philosophiques et théoriques du concept de la rencontre manquée. Cette dissertation a donc deux objectifs: d'une part, elle tente d'examiner le statut et la fonction de la rencontre manquée dans la littérature américaine du dix-neuvième siècle, et d’autre part, elle explore comment la théorisation de la rencontre manquée pourrait nous aider à aller au-delà de la théorisation binaire qui caractérise les scènes géopolitiques actuelles. Mon premier chapitre sur La Lettre Écarlate de Hawthorne, tente de tracer la carrière du signifiant comme une navette entre l'archive et l'avenir, entre le sujet et l'objet, entre le signifiant et le signifié. Le but de ce chapitre est de rendre compte de la temporalité du signifiant et la temporalité de la subjectivité et d’expliquer comment ils répondent à la temporalité du tuché. En explorant la dimension crypto-temporelle de la rencontre manquée...

Philosophical aspects of chaos: definitions in mathematics, unpredictability, and the observational equivalence of deterministic and indeterministic descriptions

Werndl, Charlotte
Fonte: University of Cambridge; Faculty of Philosophy Publicador: University of Cambridge; Faculty of Philosophy
Tipo: Thesis; doctoral; PhD
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
This dissertation is about some of the most important philosophical aspects of chaos research, a famous recent mathematical area of research about deterministic yet unpredictable and irregular, or even random behaviour. It consists of three parts. First, as a basis for the dissertation, I examine notions of unpredictability in ergodic theory, and I ask what they tell us about the justification and formulation of mathematical definitions. The main account of the actual practice of justifying mathematical definitions is Lakatos's account on proof-generated definitions. By investigating notions of unpredictability in ergodic theory, I present two previously unidentified but common ways of justifying definitions. Furthermore, I criticise Lakatos's account as being limited: it does not acknowledge the interrelationships between the different kinds of justification, and it ignores the fact that various kinds of justification - not only proof-generation - are important. Second, unpredictability is a central theme in chaos research, and it is widely claimed that chaotic systems exhibit a kind of unpredictability which is specific to chaos. However, I argue that the existing answers to the question "What is the unpredictability specific to chaos?" are wrong. I then go on to propose a novel answer...

What Can Philosophical Literature Do? The Contribution of Simone de Beauvoir

Scheu, Ashley King
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.59%

"What Can Philosophical Literature Do? The Contribution of Simone de Beauvoir" examines Simone de Beauvoir's existentialist aesthetic theory of the philosophical novel alongside two fictional works, L'invitée (1943) and Le sang des autres (1945), which constitute Beauvoir's first experiments in writing works of this hybrid genre. Throughout this dissertation, I mobilize Beauvoir's theoretical and literary writing to challenge implied notions that literature somehow acts as a supplement to philosophy and that philosophical literature does not offer distinct advantages to the philosophical system.

In her theoretical writings on philosophical literature - including "Littérature et métaphysique" (1945), her auto-analysis of her novels in La Force de l'âge (1960), her contribution to the forum, Que peut la littérature? (1965), and her lecture, "Mon expérience d'écrivain" (1966) - Beauvoir confronts a potential impasse in the conception of the philosophical novel, which risks devolving into being either a roman à thèse or a concrete example of a pre-existing philosophical system. This aesthetic impasse becomes particularly acute when Beauvoir begins to write ethical fiction after WWII. This dissertation catalogs Beauvoir's unique philosophical solutions to this aesthetic problem...

The Loving Gaze: Philosophical Contemplation and the World as Gift

Klein, Julia Howard
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%

By looking at different conceptions of what it means to be human, this essay explores the question of the convergence of philosophical contemplation and the loving contemplation of God. Since the birth of philosophy as the love of wisdom, the simultaneous incommensurability and inseparability of philosophy as theory and philosophy as practice has become more and more problematic over the years; the insurmountable nature of this problem seems to have dissolved, in our present day and age, into a decidedly theoretical conception of philosophy--so much so, in fact, that the original aim of philosophy to affect our daily lives seems to have vanished altogether from the broad scope of contemporary academia, and indeed, from modern-day life as a whole. The present-day fixation upon absolute objective reality has grown into the dangerously superficial understanding of what it means to be human as ultimately reducible to rational explanation, and this is evident everywhere from the university classroom to the ostensible worthlessness of contemplative life. In forcing oneself to be reawakened to the original wonder that was the occasion for the inception of philosophy, one may discover that the wonder itself is not only concerned with rational explanation...

Senses of Belonging: The Synaesthetics of Citizenship in American Literature, 1862 - 1903

Fretwell, Erica
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%

In American letters, the Civil War represented a decisive break in literary form, a shift from interiority to exteriority. Sentimentalism harnessed the transformative effects of aesthetic feeling to galvanize political opinion in antebellum America, whereas realist and regionalist writing's empiricist attention to surface and appearance represented a reaction against sentimentalism. Yet postbellum literature is nothing if not a sustained meditation on how the feeling, sensate body negotiates the abstraction of citizenship and political life.

The paradoxes presented by black emancipation, immigration, and women's suffrage forced what today we consider the period's most canonical authors, from Emily Dickinson to W.E.B. Du Bois, to confront the contradictory feelings provoked by a democratic nation that excluded most of its citizens from their fundamental rights. The taste of Ellis Island, Henry James warned in The American Scene, "will be forever in [the] mouth" of the citizen, who must share "the intimacy of his American patriotism with the inconceivable alien." James's literal distaste for immigrants raises the stakes of what it means to locate the experience of belonging neither inside nor outside the body, but at its sensory orifices...

The Longest Transference: Self-Consolation and Politics in Latin Philosophical Literature

Robinson, Clifford Allen
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.41%

This dissertation identifies Cicero's Consolatio, Seneca's Ad Polybium de consolatione, and Boethius' De consolatione Philosophiae as self-consolations, in which these Roman authors employ philosophical argument and literary art, in order to provide a therapy for their own crippling experience of grief. This therapeutic discourse unfolds between two contradictory conditions, though, since the philosophers must possess the self-mastery and self-possession that qualifies the consoler to perform his task felicitously, and they must lack those very same qualifications, insofar as their experience of loss has exposed their dependence upon others and they thus require consolation. Foucault's theoretical treatment of ancient philosophical discourse is supplemented by Lacanian critical theory and the political theology of Giorgio Agamben to perform analyses of the consolatory texts and their political context. These analyses reveal that self-consolation overcomes the contradictory conditions that found this discourse through literary and rhetorical artifice. But this resolution then places the apparent completeness of the philosophical argument in doubt, as the consoled authors in each case finally call for a decisive action that would join philosophical reflection to the merely human world that philosophy would have these consolers leave behind. Each author's self-consolation therefore demonstrates a split allegiance to the Roman political community and to a Socratic philosophical heritage that advocates for withdrawal from politics.

; Dissertation

The metaphor of the dog in Arabic Literature

Mohamed,Yasien
Fonte: Tydskrif vir Letterkunde Publicador: Tydskrif vir Letterkunde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
This essay deals with the metaphor of the dog in Arabic philosophical literature. The metaphor is viewed in relation to the imagery of the rider and the horse, which vividly demonstrates the dynamic relation of the three faculties of the soul. Our focus is on the irascible faculty, the emotion of anger. The dog metaphor brings out the positive dimension of emotion. Classical Arabic literature views the soul as a substance distinct from the body, and has many illustrations showing the superiority of the soul over the body. What makes the soul special is its rational faculty, its capacity to reason. In the rider-horse imagery, the rider is the metaphor for reason, the horse the metaphor for passion, and the dog the metaphor for anger. A balanced soul coordinates these faculties in right proportion. The imagery of horse-riding, used in Arabic and Greek philosophical literature, provides the most powerful image to explain how the three faculties of the soul interact with one another. The article examines the imagery from a literary and philosophical perspective. Scientific knowledge of the horse and dog will enhance our insight and appreciation of the richness of the metaphor. The method of analysis is based on four primary classical texts: Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics in Miskawayh's eleven century Arabic translation...