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Improved xylitol production in media containing phenolic aldehydes: application of response surface methodology for optimization and modeling of bioprocess

CORTEZ, Daniela Vieira; ROBERTO, Ines Conceicao
Fonte: JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD Publicador: JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
BACKGROUND: The combined effects of vanillin and syringaldehyde on xylitol production by Candida guilliermondii using response surface methodology (RSM) have been studied. A 2(2) full-factorial central composite design was employed for experimental design and analysis of the results. RESULTS: Maximum xylitol productivities (Q(p) = 0.74 g L(-1) h(-1)) and yields (Y(P/S) = 0.81 g g(-1)) can be attained by adding only vanillin at 2.0 g L(-1) to the fermentation medium. These data were closely correlated with the experimental results obtained (0.69 +/- 0.04 g L(-1) h(-1) and 0.77 +/- 0.01 g g(-1)) indicating a good agreement with the predicted value. C. guilliermondii was able to convert vanillin completely after 24 h of fermentation with 94% yield of vanillyl alcohol. CONCLUSIONS: The bioconversion of xylose into xylitol by C. guilliermondii is strongly dependent on the combination of aldehydes and phenolics in the fermentation medium. Vanillin is a source of phenolic compound able to improve xylitol production by yeast. The conversion of vanillin to alcohol vanilyl reveals the potential of this yeast for medium detoxification. (C) 2009 Society of Chemical Industry; Fundacao de Amparo Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq) - Brazil

Avaliação da atividade antioxidante da romã (Punica granatum, L.) - participação das frações de ácidos fenólicos no processo de inibição da oxidação; Evaluation of the antioxidant activity of the pomegranate (Punica granatum, L.) - participation of the phenolic acids fractions on the inhibition of the oxidation´s process

Jardini, Fernanda Archilla
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/09/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
Os antioxidantes de origem natural têm importância na área de alimentos, pois podem representar uma alternativa de substituição aos antioxidantes sintéticos. Os compostos fenólicos, presentes nos vegetais, desempenham importância na inibição da oxidação, A romã (Punica granatum, L.) é rica em compostos fenólicos como as antocianinas, flavonóides e ácidos fenólicos. Avaliou-se a atividade antioxidante da polpa e semente de romãs plantadas no Brasil (Pernambuco), e foi feita a obtenção dos extratos e frações de ácidos fenólicos da fruta, que foram submetidos aos testes de co-oxidação de substratos β- caroteno e ácido linoléico, em meio emulsionado, e ao método Rancimat, em meio lipídico. Também foi avaliado o comportamento cinético da atividade antioxidante para os extratos e frações de ácidos fenólicos. Verificou-se que os extratos aquosos da polpa e semente apresentaram significativa inibição da oxidação a concentrações baixas, em ambos os testes utilizados, fato atribuído à grande quantidade de compostos fenólicos presentes nestes extratos, em relação aos demais. A avaliação cinética dos extratos aquosos demonstrou que estes também foram mais eficientes ao longo do processo oxidativo...

Influência de compostos fenólicos na fermentação de glicose a etanol por Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2 e Saccharomyces cerevisiae de panificação e identificação de seus produtos de bioconversão; Influence of phenolic compounds in the fermentation of glucose to ethanol by Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2 and baker´s yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and identification of its bioconversion products

Furlani, Juliana Maria Sampaio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/07/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.34%
O presente trabalho teve como objetivo estudar a influência de 8 compostos fenólicos de baixa massa molar, oriundos da degradação da lignina, sobre a fermentação de glicose a etanol, em meio semidefinido, utilizando-se as leveduras Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2 e de panificação. Esses compostos são formados quando o bagaço de cana-de-açúcar é pré-tratado, por explosão a vapor. Assim, p-hidroxibenzaldeído, vanilina, siringaldeído, ácido p-hidroxibenzoico, ácido vanílico, ácido siríngico, ácido cumárico e ácido ferúlico foram adicionados individualmente aos meios de fermentação. Objetivou-se, também, identificar e quantificar os produtos da bioconversão desses compostos pela S. cerevisiae PE-2, por cromatografia líquida seguida de espectrometria de massas. Os resultados mostraram que o p-hidroxibenzaldeído e o ácido p-hidroxibenzoico não foram tóxicos para ambas as cepas. Para a cepa PE-2, o siringaldeído e os ácidos cumárico e ferúlico também não apresentaram toxicidade. No caso da S. cerevisiae de panificação, a vanilina, o siringaldeído e o ácido vanílico (1,0 g.L-1) dificultaram o consumo de glicose, diminuíram a produtividade volumétrica (Qp) e aumentaram o desvio de glicose para ácido acético. Vanilina (1...

Fermentação alcoólica e extração líquido-líquido simultânea de etanol e de inibidores provenientes de caldo hidrolítico de biomassa lignocelulósica; Ethanol fermentation and simultaneous liquid-liquid extraction and ethanol and inhibitors present in hydrolytic lignocellulosic biomass

Remigius Reinerus Maria Zautsen
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/12/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
Na fermentação de produtos como etanol, utilizando biomassa lignocelulósica como matéria-prima, existem dois fatores principais que limitam a produtividade e eficiência do processo: inibição pelo produto e inibição por substâncias no caldo hidrolítico provenientes da hidrólise. Neste trabalho, é proposta a remoção simultânea de ambos os fatores para eliminar seus efeitos negativos na fermentação alcoólica. Produtos de fermentação prejudicam muitas vezes a integridade da membrana celular do micro-organismo utilizado como fermento. Portanto, a toxidez do produto não permite que a fermentação ocorra de forma ilimitada, uma vez que o produto está presente no meio em certa concentração. O crescimento do micro-organismo, a produtividade e o rendimento são prejudicados pela presença do mesmo. Compostos como furfural, hidroximetil furfural, compostos fenólicos e ácidos, que são produzidos durante o pré-tratamento ou hidrólise da biomassa lignocelulósica, introduzem outros efeitos inibidores, como a extensão da fase lag da levedura, prejudicam o crescimento e a produção. Esta tese propõe empregar um solvente orgânico na dorna do biorreator, com o fim de extrair o produto inibidor e todos os componentes inibidores existentes no substrato...

Assessment of the antifungal activity of Spirulina platensis phenolic extract against Aspergillus flavus

Souza,Michele Moraes de; Prietto,Luciana; Ribeiro,Anelise Christ; Souza,Taiana Denardi de; Badiale-Furlong,Eliana
Fonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras Publicador: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
The production of safe food has stimulated the search for natural substances that possess antifungal activity. The indirect methods of estimating fungal biomass are based on the measurement of glucosamine, ergosterol and protein - typical compounds produced during the development of biomass. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of the phenolic extract from Spirulina platensis on the production of structural compounds in Aspergillus flavus, in order to identify its action on fungal inhibition. The Spirulina platensis methanolic extracts presented 1.15 mg phenolic compound/g Spirulina platensis, which showed an antifungal effect against Aspergillus flavus, inhibiting the glucosamine production up to 56%. Therefore, it may be employed as natural defense when food protection is necessary.

Development of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae Strain with Enhanced Resistance to Phenolic Fermentation Inhibitors in Lignocellulose Hydrolysates by Heterologous Expression of Laccase

Larsson, Simona; Cassland, Pierre; Jönsson, Leif J.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
To improve production of fuel ethanol from renewable raw materials, laccase from the white rot fungus Trametes versicolor was expressed under control of the PGK1 promoter in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to increase its resistance to phenolic inhibitors in lignocellulose hydrolysates. It was found that the laccase activity could be enhanced twofold by simultaneous overexpression of the homologous t-SNARE Sso2p. The factors affecting the level of active laccase obtained, besides the cultivation temperature, included pH and aeration. Laccase-expressing and Sso2p-overexpressing S. cerevisiae was cultivated in the presence of coniferyl aldehyde to examine resistance to lignocellulose-derived phenolic fermentation inhibitors. The laccase-producing transformant had the ability to convert coniferyl aldehyde at a faster rate than a control transformant not expressing laccase, which enabled faster growth and ethanol formation. The laccase-producing transformant was also able to ferment a dilute acid spruce hydrolysate at a faster rate than the control transformant. A decrease in the content of low-molecular-mass aromatic compounds, accompanied by an increase in the content of high-molecular-mass compounds, was observed during fermentation with the laccase-expressing strain...

Role of Phenolic Inhibitors in Peroxidase-mediated Degradation of Indole-3-acetic Acid 12

Lee, Tsung T.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1977 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
7-Hydroxy-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran derivatives, metabolites of a carbamate insecticide carbofuran, and five other phenolic inhibitors of indoleacetic acid (IAA) oxidase interfered with IAA-induced spectral change in the Soret band of horseradish peroxidase (HRP). The onset of IAA degradation required transformed HRP intermediates. The inhibitors, when added before IAA, protected HRP from reacting with IAA, thus preventing formation of highly reactive enzyme intermediates, and consequently, IAA degradation. When added after IAA, the inhibitors quickly reversed the IAA-induced spectral change of HRP and inhibited further IAA degradation.

Hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls as inhibitors of the sulfation and glucuronidation of 3-hydroxy-benzo[a]pyrene.

van den Hurk, Peter; Kubiczak, Gerhard A; Lehmler, Hans-Joachim; James, Margaret O
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2002 EN
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26.54%
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) can be metabolized by cytochromes P450 to hydroxylated biotransformation products. In mammalian studies, some of the hydroxylated products have been shown to be strong inhibitors of steroid sulfotransferases. As a part of ongoing research into the bioavailability of environmental pollutants in catfish intestine, we investigated the effects of a series of hydroxylated PCBs (OH-PCBs) on two conjugating enzymes, phenol-type sulfotransferase and glucuronosyltransferase. We incubated cytosolic and microsomal samples prepared from intestinal mucosa with 3-hydroxy-benzo[a]pyrene and appropriate cosubstrates and measured the effect of OH-PCBs on the formation of BaP-3-glucuronide and BaP-3-sulfate. We used PCBs with 4, 5, and 6 chlorine substitutions and the phenolic group in the ortho, meta, and para positions. OH-PCBs with the phenolic group in the ortho position were weak inhibitors of sulfotransferase; the median inhibitory concentration (IC50) ranged from 330 to 526 microM. When the phenol group was in the meta or para position, the IC50 was much lower (17.8-44.3 microM). The OH-PCBs were more potent inhibitors of glucuronosyltransferase, with IC50s ranging from 1.2 to 36.4 microM. The position of the phenolic group was not related to the inhibitory potency: the two weakest inhibitors of sulfotransferase...

Pyridine and pyrimidine analogs of acetaminophen as inhibitors of lipid peroxidation and cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase catalysis†

Nam, Tae-gyu; Nara, Susheel J.; Zagol-Ikapitte, Irène; Cooper, Thomas; Valgimigli, Luca; Oates, John A.; Porter, Ned A.; Boutaud, Olivier; Pratt, Derek A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.47%
Herein we report an investigation of the efficacy of pyridine and pyrimidine analogs of acetaminophen (ApAP) as peroxyl radical-trapping antioxidants and inhibitors of enzyme-catalyzed lipid peroxidation by cyclooxygenases (COX) and lipoxygenases (LOX). In inhibited autoxidations we find that ApAP, the common analgesic and antipyretic agent, is a very good antioxidant with a rate constant for reaction with peroxyl radicals (kinh = 5 × 105 M−1 s−1) that is higher than many widely-used phenolic antioxidants, such as the ubiquitous butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). This reactivity is reduced substantially upon incorporation of nitrogen into the phenolic ring, owing to an increase in the O–H bond dissociation enthalpy of pyridinols and pyrimidinols with respect to phenols. Incorporation of nitrogen into the phenolic ring of ApAP was also found to decrease its efficacy as an inhibitor of prostaglandin biosynthesis by ovine COX-1 (oCOX-1). This is explained on the basis of an increase in its oxidation potential and its reduced reactivity as a reducing co-substrate of the peroxidase protoporphyrin. In contrast, the efficacy of ApAP as an inhibitor of lipid hydroperoxide biosynthesis by soybean LOX-1 (sLOX-1) increased upon incorporation of nitrogen into the ring...

Discovery of Plant Phenolic Compounds That Act as Type III Secretion System Inhibitors or Inducers of the Fire Blight Pathogen, Erwinia amylovora

Khokhani, Devanshi; Zhang, Chengfang; Li, Yan; Wang, Qi; Zeng, Quan; Yamazaki, Akihiro; Hutchins, William; Zhou, Shan-Shan; Chen, Xin; Yang, Ching-Hong
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2013 EN
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26.34%
Erwinia amylovora causes a devastating disease called fire blight in rosaceous plants. The type III secretion system (T3SS) is one of the important virulence factors utilized by E. amylovora in order to successfully infect its hosts. By using a green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter construct combined with a high-throughput flow cytometry assay, a library of phenolic compounds and their derivatives was studied for their ability to alter the expression of the T3SS. Based on the effectiveness of the compounds on the expression of the T3SS pilus, the T3SS inhibitors 4-methoxy-cinnamic acid (TMCA) and benzoic acid (BA) and one T3SS inducer, trans-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-ethenylsulfonate (EHPES), were chosen for further study. Both the T3SS inhibitors (TMCA and BA) and the T3SS inducer (EHPES) were found to alter the expression of T3SS through the HrpS-HrpL pathway. Additionally, TMCA altered T3SS expression through the rsmBEa-RsmAEa system. Finally, we found that TMCA and BA weakened the hypersensitive response (HR) in tobacco by suppressing the T3SS of E. amylovora. In our study, we identified phenolic compounds that specifically targeted the T3SS. The T3SS inhibitor may offer an alternative approach to antimicrobial therapy by targeting virulence factors of bacterial pathogens.

Berry and Citrus Phenolic Compounds Inhibit Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV: Implications in Diabetes Management

Fan, Junfeng; Johnson, Michelle H.; Lila, Mary Ann; Yousef, Gad; de Mejia, Elvira Gonzalez
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.34%
Beneficial health effects of fruits and vegetables in the diet have been attributed to their high flavonoid content. Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) is a serine aminopeptidase that is a novel target for type 2 diabetes therapy due to its incretin hormone regulatory effects. In this study, well-characterized anthocyanins (ANC) isolated from berry wine blends and twenty-seven other phenolic compounds commonly present in citrus, berry, grape, and soybean, were individually investigated for their inhibitory effects on DPP-IV by using a luminescence assay and computational modeling. ANC from blueberry-blackberry wine blends strongly inhibited DPP-IV activity (IC50, 0.07 ± 0.02 to >300 μM). Of the twenty-seven phenolics tested, the most potent DPP-IV inhibitors were resveratrol (IC50, 0.6 ± 0.4 nM), luteolin (0.12 ± 0.01 μM), apigenin (0.14 ± 0.02 μM), and flavone (0.17 ± 0.01 μM), with IC50 values lower than diprotin A (4.21 ± 2.01 μM), a reference standard inhibitory compound. Analyses of computational modeling showed that resveratrol and flavone were competitive inhibitors which could dock directly into all three active sites of DPP-IV, while luteolin and apigenin docked in a noncompetitive manner. Hydrogen bonding was the main binding mode of all tested phenolic compounds with DPP-IV. These results indicate that flavonoids...

Aromatic inhibitors derived from ammonia-pretreated lignocellulose hinder bacterial ethanologenesis by activating regulatory circuits controlling inhibitor efflux and detoxification

Keating, David H.; Zhang, Yaoping; Ong, Irene M.; McIlwain, Sean; Morales, Eduardo H.; Grass, Jeffrey A.; Tremaine, Mary; Bothfeld, William; Higbee, Alan; Ulbrich, Arne; Balloon, Allison J.; Westphall, Michael S.; Aldrich, Josh; Lipton, Mary S.; Kim, Joon
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 13/08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.51%
Efficient microbial conversion of lignocellulosic hydrolysates to biofuels is a key barrier to the economically viable deployment of lignocellulosic biofuels. A chief contributor to this barrier is the impact on microbial processes and energy metabolism of lignocellulose-derived inhibitors, including phenolic carboxylates, phenolic amides (for ammonia-pretreated biomass), phenolic aldehydes, and furfurals. To understand the bacterial pathways induced by inhibitors present in ammonia-pretreated biomass hydrolysates, which are less well studied than acid-pretreated biomass hydrolysates, we developed and exploited synthetic mimics of ammonia-pretreated corn stover hydrolysate (ACSH). To determine regulatory responses to the inhibitors normally present in ACSH, we measured transcript and protein levels in an Escherichia coli ethanologen using RNA-seq and quantitative proteomics during fermentation to ethanol of synthetic hydrolysates containing or lacking the inhibitors. Our study identified four major regulators mediating these responses, the MarA/SoxS/Rob network, AaeR, FrmR, and YqhC. Induction of these regulons was correlated with a reduced rate of ethanol production, buildup of pyruvate, depletion of ATP and NAD(P)H, and an inhibition of xylose conversion. The aromatic aldehyde inhibitor 5-hydroxymethylfurfural appeared to be reduced to its alcohol form by the ethanologen during fermentation...

Phenolic indeno[1,2-b]indoles as ABCG2-selective potent and non-toxic inhibitors stimulating basal ATPase activity

Gozzi, Gustavo Jabor; Bouaziz, Zouhair; Winter, Evelyn; Daflon-Yunes, Nathalia; Honorat, Mylène; Guragossian, Nathalie; Marminon, Christelle; Valdameri, Glaucio; Bollacke, Andre; Guillon, Jean; Pinaud, Noël; Marchivie, Mathieu; Cadena, Silvia M; Jose, J
Fonte: Dove Medical Press Publicador: Dove Medical Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/07/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
Ketonic indeno[1,2-b]indole-9,10-dione derivatives, initially designed as human casein kinase II (CK2) inhibitors, were recently shown to be converted into efficient inhibitors of drug efflux by the breast cancer resistance protein ABCG2 upon suited substitutions including a N5-phenethyl on C-ring and hydrophobic groups on D-ring. A series of ten phenolic and seven p-quinonic derivatives were synthesized and screened for inhibition of both CK2 and ABCG2 activities. The best phenolic inhibitors were about threefold more potent against ABCG2 than the corresponding ketonic derivatives, and showed low cytotoxicity. They were selective for ABCG2 over both P-glycoprotein and MRP1 (multidrug resistance protein 1), whereas the ketonic derivatives also interacted with MRP1, and they additionally displayed a lower interaction with CK2. Quite interestingly, they strongly stimulated ABCG2 ATPase activity, in contrast to ketonic derivatives, suggesting distinct binding sites. In contrast, the p-quinonic indenoindoles were cytotoxic and poor ABCG2 inhibitors, whereas a partial inhibition recovery could be reached upon hydrophobic substitutions on D-ring, similarly to the ketonic derivatives.

Assessment of the antifungal activity of spirulina platensis phenolic extract against aspergillus flavus

Souza, Michele Moraes de; Prietto, Luciana; Ribeiro, Anelise Christ; Souza, Taiana Denardi de; Furlong, Eliana Badiale
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
The production of safe food has stimulated the search for natural substances that possess antifungal activity. The indirect methods of estimating fungal biomass are based on the measurement of glucosamine, ergosterol and protein - typical compounds produced during the development of biomass. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of the phenolic extract from Spirulina platensis on the production of structural compounds in Aspergillus flavus, in order to identify its action on fungal inhibition. The Spirulina platensis methanolic extracts presented 1.15 mg phenolic compound/g Spirulina platensis, which showed an antifungal effect against Aspergillus flavus, inhibiting the glucosamine production up to 56%. Therefore, it may be employed as natural defense when food protection is necessary.; A produção de alimentos seguros tem estimulado a busca por substâncias naturais que possuem atividade antifúngica. Os métodos indiretos de estimativa de biomassa fúngica são baseados na medição de glucosamina, ergosterol e proteína - compostos típicos produzidos durante o desenvolvimento da biomassa. Neste estudo, objetivou-se avaliar o efeito do extrato fenólico de Spirulina platensis na produção de componentes estruturais em Aspergillus flavus...

Assessment of the antifungal activity of spirulina platensis phenolic extract against aspergillus flavus

Souza, Michele Moraes de; Prietto, Luciana; Ribeiro, Anelise Christ; Souza, Taiana Denardi de; Furlong, Eliana Badiale
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
The production of safe food has stimulated the search for natural substances that possess antifungal activity. The indirect methods of estimating fungal biomass are based on the measurement of glucosamine, ergosterol and protein - typical compounds produced during the development of biomass. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of the phenolic extract from Spirulina platensis on the production of structural compounds in Aspergillus flavus, in order to identify its action on fungal inhibition. The Spirulina platensis methanolic extracts presented 1.15 mg phenolic compound/g Spirulina platensis, which showed an antifungal effect against Aspergillus flavus, inhibiting the glucosamine production up to 56%. Therefore, it may be employed as natural defense when food protection is necessary.

Assessment of the antifungal activity of Spirulina platensis phenolic extract against Aspergillus flavus

Fonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras Publicador: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
The production of safe food has stimulated the search for natural substances that possess antifungal activity. The indirect methods of estimating fungal biomass are based on the measurement of glucosamine, ergosterol and protein - typical compounds produced during the development of biomass. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of the phenolic extract from Spirulina platensis on the production of structural compounds in Aspergillus flavus, in order to identify its action on fungal inhibition. The Spirulina platensis methanolic extracts presented 1.15 mg phenolic compound/g Spirulina platensis, which showed an antifungal effect against Aspergillus flavus, inhibiting the glucosamine production up to 56%. Therefore, it may be employed as natural defense when food protection is necessary.

Structure activity relationship of phenolic acid inhibitors of α-synuclein fibril formation and toxicity

Ardah, Mustafa T.; Paleologou, Katerina E.; Lv, Guohua; Abul Khair, Salema B.; Kazim, Abdulla S.; Minhas, Saeed T.; Al-Tel, Taleb H.; Al-Hayani, Abdulmonem A.; Haque, Mohammed E.; Eliezer, David; El-Agnaf, Omar M. A.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.34%
The aggregation of α-synuclein (α-syn) is considered the key pathogenic event in many neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies and multiple system atrophy, giving rise to a whole category of neurodegenerative diseases known as synucleinopathies. Although the molecular basis of α-syn toxicity has not been precisely elucidated, a great deal of effort has been put into identifying compounds that could inhibit or even reverse the aggregation process. Previous reports indicated that many phenolic compounds are potent inhibitors of α-syn aggregation. The aim of the present study was to assess the anti-aggregating effect of gallic acid (GA) (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid), a benzoic acid derivative that belongs to a group of phenolic compounds known as phenolic acids. By employing an array of biophysical and biochemical techniques and a cell-viability assay, GA was shown not only to inhibit α-syn fibrillation and toxicity but also to disaggregate preformed α-syn amyloid fibrils. Interestingly, GA was found to bind to soluble, non-toxic oligomers with no β-sheet content, and to stabilize their structure. The binding of GA to the oligomers may represent a potential mechanism of action. Additionally...

Phenolic Amides Are Potent Inhibitors of De Novo Nucleotide Biosynthesis

Pisithkul, Tippapha; Jacobson, Tyler B.; O'Brien, Thomas J.; Stevenson, David M.; Amador-Noguez, Daniel
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.48%
An outstanding challenge toward efficient production of biofuels and value-added chemicals from plant biomass is the impact that lignocellulose-derived inhibitors have on microbial fermentations. Elucidating the mechanisms that underlie their toxicity is critical for developing strategies to overcome them. Here, using Escherichia coli as a model system, we investigated the metabolic effects and toxicity mechanisms of feruloyl amide and coumaroyl amide, the predominant phenolic compounds in ammonia-pretreated biomass hydrolysates. Using metabolomics, isotope tracers, and biochemical assays, we showed that these two phenolic amides act as potent and fast-acting inhibitors of purine and pyrimidine biosynthetic pathways. Feruloyl or coumaroyl amide exposure leads to (i) a rapid buildup of 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate (PRPP), a key precursor in nucleotide biosynthesis, (ii) a rapid decrease in the levels of pyrimidine biosynthetic intermediates, and (iii) a long-term generalized decrease in nucleotide and deoxynucleotide levels. Tracer experiments using 13C-labeled sugars and [15N]ammonia demonstrated that carbon and nitrogen fluxes into nucleotides and deoxynucleotides are inhibited by these phenolic amides. We found that these effects are mediated via direct inhibition of glutamine amidotransferases that participate in nucleotide biosynthetic pathways. In particular...

Electronic structure calculations toward new potentially AChE inhibitors

Paula, Alexandre Adriano Neves de; Martins, João Batista Lopes; Gargano, Ricardo; Santos, Maria Lucilia dos; Romeiro, Luiz Antônio Soares
Fonte: Universidade Católica de Brasília Publicador: Universidade Católica de Brasília
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: Texto
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.05%
The main purpose of this study was the use of natural non-isoprenoid phenolic lipid of cashew nut shell liquid from Anacardium occidentale as lead material for generating new potentially candidates of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. Therefore, we studied the electronic structure of 15 molecules derivatives from the cardanol using the following groups: methyl, acetyl,N,N-dimethylcarbamoyl,N,N-dimethylamine, N,N-diethylamine, piperidine, pyrrolidine, and N-benzylamine. The calculations were performed at RHF level using 6-31G, 6-31G(d), 6-31+G(d) and 6-311G(d,p) basis functions. Among the proposed compounds we found that the structures with substitution by acetyl, N,N-dimethylcarbamoyl, N,N-dimethylamine, and pyrrolidine groups were better correlated to rivastigmine indicating possible activity.

Phenolic and non-Phenolic Fractions of the Olive Oil Mill Wastewaters as Corrosion Inhibitor for Steel in HCl medium

Bouknana,D; Hammouti,B; Messali,M; Aouniti,A; Sbaa,M
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
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The effect of the phenolic (OOMW-Ph) and non-phenolic (OOMW-NPh) fractions of the extract of olive oil mill wastewaters was evaluated as corrosion inhibitor of steel in molar hydrochloric using weight loss measurements and electrochemical polarisation. The results obtained reveal that the referred compounds reduce the corrosion rate. The inhibiting action increases with the concentration of the extract compounds to attain 88.9% and 89.1% of OOMW-Ph and OOMW-NPh, respectively. The increase in temperature leads to a decrease in the inhibition efficiency of the compounds in the temperature range 303 at 333 K. The adsorption isotherm of the inhibitors on the steel surface has been determined. The thermodynamic data of activation and adsorption are determined as well. The phenolic compound (bioactive) most abundant in OOMW extracts is hydroxytyrosol (4 -(2-hydroxyethyl) -1, 2-benzenediol), playing an important role in the effect of the anti-corrosion, either alone or in synergy with other two compounds (tyrosol and oleuropein (4 -(2-hydroxyethyl) phenol) which are present with considerable amounts.