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Plano de prevenção de riscos ambientais para estacionamento e lavagem de veículos automotores

Baldasso, Luciano Leite
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.87%
Este trabalho teve o objetivo de desenvolver, para a microempresa STOP CAR, um Programa de Prevenção de Riscos Ambientais (PPRA) baseado nas Normas Regulamentadoras, Normas Técnicas, bibliografia relacionada à segurança do trabalho e pesquisa em sites da internet, de modo a identificar os riscos dos postos de trabalho de todos os colaboradores, dando suporte para diminuição ou eliminação dos riscos e adequando os processos industriais utilizados às referentes normas aos quais se enquadram. Foram dadas recomendações de medidas de controle, como o uso correto de Equipamentos de Proteção Individuais (EPI´s), reacomodação dos postos de trabalho, entre outras medidas, que auxiliarão na gestão de SST, assim como recomendações gerais para adequação dos trabalhos realizados pela empresa e medidas de melhorias no âmbito geral da empresa como iluminação e sinalizações de emergência. Pode-se afirmar que, se as medidas de melhorias que o presente trabalho propõe forem executadas pela gerência e pelos seus colaboradores, haverá um melhor ambiente de trabalho, uma gestão voltada para a segurança e a tranqüilidade de poder realizar suas funções nos postos de trabalho em condições adequadas para o seu bem estar durante a sua jornada de trabalho.; This work aimed to develop...

Avaliações dos tecidos hidrorrepelentes de equipamentos de proteção individual após usos e lavagens em condições de campo

Carvalho, Giorge França Gomes de
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: xvii, 56 f. : il., gráfs.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Pós-graduação em Agronomia (Entomologia Agrícola) - FCAV; O controle químico, por meio de aplicações de agrotóxicos, destaca-se no combate aos organismos danosos às culturas agrícolas. Devido à toxicidade dos agrotóxicos, qualquer atividade onde se utiliza do controle químico, existe o risco de intoxicação dos trabalhadores e, portanto, há a necessidade de se adotar medidas de segurança. Acredita-se que os trabalhadores não estão convenientemente protegidos do risco de intoxicação com os Equipamentos de Proteção Individual (EPIs) confeccionados no país, por que ainda não têm a eficiência e a vida útil avaliadas em ensaios de laboratório ou de campo. Desta forma, objetivou-se avaliar com o procedimento da norma F 2130 da ASTM a eficiência dos tecidos hidrorrepelentes, em condições de laboratório, dos conjuntos de EPIs Bege Cru (100% algodão) e Camuflado (69% algodão/31% poliamida), usados por trabalhadores em pulverizações de agrotóxicos em culturas de cana-de-açúcar e de citros sem e com 5, 10, 20 e 30 usos e lavagens, e avaliar o uso da combinação da técnica de fotomicrografia dos tecidos com a técnica de análise de imagem quantitativamente...

As medidas protetivas e a garantia de direitos na perspectiva de famílias em situação de violência sexual intrafamiliar; Protective measures and the guarantee of rights from the perspective of families in a situation of sexual abuse within the family

Santos, Viviane Amaral dos
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Tese
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Tese (doutorado)—Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Psicologia, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia Clínica e Cultura, 2010.; A violência sexual é um fenômeno complexo que se faz acompanhar não apenas da violação do direito ao desenvolvimento sexual saudável, mas também de vários outros direitos decorrentes do próprio abuso sexual e do contexto que se instala após a revelação. As medidas protetivas elencadas na Lei 8.069 - Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente – são instrumentos que visam ao resgate dos direitos violados e à garantia das condições necessárias para o saudável desenvolvimento psicossocial das crianças e adolescentes vítimas. Esta pesquisa tomou como base o paradigma sistêmico e buscou conciliar dois objetivos: de investigação e de ação. No âmbito da investigação tomou-se como objeto de estudo a compreensão e significados que as famílias atribuem a essas medidas e ao percurso que realizam na rede de proteção e garantia de direitos. No âmbito da ação estabeleceu-se como objetivo geral garantir que os direitos violados fossem resgatados e as condições para o desenvolvimento das crianças e adolescentes fossem satisfatoriamente oferecidas, por meio do acompanhamento temporário das famílias durante o seu percurso na rede de proteção pelo período de até doze meses. Para esse fim...

Practical and affordable measures for the protection of health care workers from tuberculosis in low-income countries.

Harries, A. D.; Maher, D.; Nunn, P.
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1997 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.96%
With the global upsurge in tuberculosis (TB), fueled by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic, and the increase in multidrug-resistant TB, the condition has become a serious occupational hazard for health care workers worldwide. Much of the current understanding about nosocomial TB transmission stems from the USA; however, little is known about the risk of such transmission in low-income countries. The focus of this review is on sub-Saharan Africa, since this is the region with the highest TB incidence, the highest HIV incidence, the worst epidemic of HIV-related TB, and where the risk to health care workers is probably greatest. Measures used in industralized countries to control nosocomial TB transmission (ventilation systems, isolation rooms, personal protective equipment) are beyond the resources of low-income countries. Protecting health care workers in these settings involves practical measures relating to diagnosis and treatment of infectious cases; appropriate environmental control; and relevant personal protection and surveillance of health care workers. Research needs to be carried out to examine the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of measures such as voluntary HIV-testing of health care workers (to enable known HIV-positive health care workers to avoid high-risk settings) and isoniazid preventive therapy for workers in high-risk settings. More resources are also needed to ensure full implementation of currently recommended measures to decrease the risk of nosocomial and laboratory-acquired TB.

Effectiveness of Personal Protective Measures to Prevent Lyme Disease

Vázquez, Marietta; Muehlenbein, Catherine; Cartter, Matthew; Hayes, Edward B.; Ertel, Starr; Shapiro, Eugene D.
Fonte: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Publicador: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.8%
Use of protective clothing and tick repellents on the skin or clothing while outdoors is 40% and 20% effective, respectively.

Virus Transfer from Personal Protective Equipment to Healthcare Employees’ Skin and Clothing

Casanova, Lisa; Alfano-Sobsey, Edie; Rutala, William A.; Weber, David J.; Sobsey, Mark
Fonte: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Publicador: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
We evaluated a personal protective equipment removal protocol designed to minimize wearer contamination with pathogens. Following this protocol often resulted in virus transfer to hands and clothing. An altered protocol or other measures are needed to prevent healthcare worker contamination.

Epidemiological features of and public health response to a St. Louis encephalitis epidemic in Florida, 1990-1.

Meehan, P. J.; Wells, D. L.; Paul, W.; Buff, E.; Lewis, A.; Muth, D.; Hopkins, R.; Karabatsos, N.; Tsai, T. F.
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.85%
A St. Louis encephalitis (SLE) epidemic in Florida during 25 weeks in 1990-1, resulted in 222 laboratory-diagnosed cases, an attack rate in the 28 affected counties of 2.25/100,000. Disease risk rose with advanced age, to 17.14/100,000 in persons over 80 years, and all 14 fatal cases were in persons over 55 years (median, 70 years). Community serosurveys in Indian River County, the epicenter of the outbreak (attack rate 21/100,000), showed acute asymptomatic infections in 3.6% of the persons surveyed, with higher rates in persons with outdoor occupational exposure (7.4%) and in clients of a shelter for the indigent (13.3%). A matched case-control study found that evening outdoor exposure for more than 2 h was associated with an increased risk for acquiring illness (odds ratio [OR] 4.33, 95% CI 1.23-15.21) while a number of recommended personal protective measures were protective. Four SLE patients were dually infected with Highlands J virus, the first reported cases of acute infection with this alphavirus. The case-control study provided the first evidence that a public education campaign to reduce exposure had a protective effect against acquiring the disease.

Prevention of Lyme Disease (and other tick borne infections)

Clark, Roger P.; Hu, Linden T.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.83%
Prevention is the best method for avoiding potentially serious complications of Lyme disease. In this chapter, we will discuss preventative measures that can be employed by individuals and/or communities. Among the topics discussed are personal protective measures, tick reduction, reservoir reduction and vaccination. Additionally, new preventative measures that are in development including new Lyme disease vaccines, anti-tick vaccines and reservoir-targeted vaccination are discussed.

Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Risk for Frontline Health Care Workers

Marshall, Caroline; Kelso, Anne; McBryde, Emma; Barr, Ian G.; Eisen, Damon P.; Sasadeusz, Joe; Buising, Kirsty; Cheng, Allen C.; Johnson, Paul; Richards, Michael
Fonte: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Publicador: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.8%
To determine whether frontline health care workers (HCWs) are at greater risk for contracting pandemic (H1N1) 2009 than nonclinical staff, we conducted a study of 231 HCWs and 215 controls. Overall, 79 (17.7%) of 446 had a positive antibody titer by hemagglutination inhibition, with 46 (19.9%) of 231 HCWs and 33 (15.3%) of 215 controls positive (OR 1.37, 95% confidence interval 0.84–2.22). Of 87 participants who provided a second serum sample, 1 showed a 4-fold rise in antibody titer; of 45 patients who had a nose swab sample taken during a respiratory illness, 7 had positive results. Higher numbers of children in a participant’s family and working in an intensive care unit were risk factors for infection; increasing age, working at hospital 2, and wearing gloves were protective factors. This highly exposed group of frontline HCWs was no more likely to contract pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza infection than nonclinical staff, which suggests that personal protective measures were adequate in preventing transmission.

Review of health hazards and prevention measures for response and recovery workers and volunteers after natural disasters, flooding, and water damage: mold and dampness

Johanning, Eckardt; Auger, Pierre; Morey, Philip R.; Yang, Chin S.; Olmsted, Ed
Fonte: Springer Japan Publicador: Springer Japan
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
Health problems and illnesses encountered by unprotected workers, first-responders, home-owners, and volunteers in recovery and restoration of moldy indoor environments after hurricanes, typhoons, tropical storms, and flooding damage are a growing concern for healthcare providers and disaster medicine throughout the world. Damp building materials, particularly cellulose-containing substrates, are prone to fungal (mold) and bacterial infestation. During remediation and demolition work, the airborne concentrations of such microbes and their by-products can rise significantly and result in an exposure risk. Symptoms reported by unprotected workers and volunteers may relate to reactions of the airways, skin, mucous membranes, or internal organs. Dampness-related fungi are primarily associated with allergies, respiratory symptoms or diseases such as dermatitis, rhinosinusitis, bronchitis, and asthma, as well as changes of the immunological system. Also, cognitive, endocrine, or rheumatological changes have been reported. Based on the consensus among experts at a recent scientific conference and a literature review, it is generally recommended to avoid and minimize unnecessary fungal exposure and use appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) in disaster response and recovery work. Mycologists recommend addressing any moisture or water intrusion rapidly...

Equipamentos de proteção individual: o olhar dos trabalhadores de enfermagem em um hospital universitário; Personal protective equipment: the view of the nursing workers at a university hospital

NEVES, Heliny Carneiro Cunha
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Enfermagem; Cuidado em Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Enfermagem; Cuidado em Enfermagem
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.15%
The recommendations from the standard precautions that included the concepts of universal precautions have been applied for more than 15 years. This primary prevention of occupational exposure remains efficient and effective in protecting professional health care (PHC). However, we found that adherence to these measures is sometimes discontinuous and contradictory and leads to an enhancement of the risks and substantial increase in exposure to biological material. This leads us to inquire about other factors that may contribute to this kind of behavior on the part of PHC. From this perspective, investigating the subjective aspects that influence the behaviors and attitudes of nursing professionals to join the personal protective equipment (PPE) becomes important. The objective of this study was to analyze the reasons, attitudes and beliefs of nursing staff regarding adherence to PPE. Qualitative study conducted in December 2008 in a large university hospital in the city of Goiania. We observed the ethical-legal aspects. Data were collected through focus group technique using guiding questions. The study included 15 professionals of nursing, which formed three focus groups with five participants in each group. Data were analyzed by the model of health beliefs (MCS) of Rosenstock (1974b) and the method of interpretation of meaning...

Diseño de cartilla identificando el peligro y controlando el riesgo biológico en el personal de aseo y limpieza que labora en áreas hospitalarias

Aristizabal Orozco, Iveth Nayibe; Mejía Rodríguez, Lady Carolina
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Javeriana Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Javeriana
Tipo: bachelorThesis; Trabajo de Grado Pregrado Formato: Pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
El riesgo biológico es la exposición a agentes vivos capaces de originar cualquier tipo de infección que puede producir enfermedades transmisibles ya sea químicas, físicas, psíquicas o sociales, generando de esta forma riesgos a nivel laboral, dentro del área hospitalaria, ya que se multiplican los contactos interpersonales aumentando el riesgo de transmisión de enfermedades. El presente estudio se basó en la investigación de documentos acerca del riesgo biológico en el personal de apoyo que labora en las instituciones hospitalarias, encontrando así la escasez de información y elementos educativos para este personal. Por tal motivo se diseñó una cartilla para el personal de Aseo y Limpieza que labora en áreas hospitalarias, donde se mostró de forma clara y sencilla la importancia del adecuado uso y manejo de los Elementos de Protección Individual, pertenecientes a las normas de bioseguridad para minimizar y controlar de forma significativa el riesgo biológico por accidentes de tipo laboral, promoviendo medidas preventivas de seguridad.; Biological risk is exposure to live agents capable of causing any type of infection that can cause diseases chemical, physical, psychological or social, thus generating risks in the workplace...

Análise da adequação do regime das medidas cautelares pessoais do processo penal à constituição

Cerdeira, Gabriel de Souza
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Outros
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
Pretende-se analisar a adequação do regime das medidas cautelares pessoais, introduzido pela lei 12.403/11 à Constituição por meio de uma abordagem abstrata, debruçando-se puramente sobre o texto introduzido pela referida norma, e de outra empírica, tendo-se como base uma pesquisa sobre prisões em flagrantes ocorridas no município de São Paulo. O referencial para a análise da adequação será os princípios constitucionais regentes das medidas cautelares pessoais, notadamente o da presunção de inocência e da proporcionalidade.; We intend to analyze the adequacy of the system of personal protective measures, introduced by Law 12.403/11 to the Constitution by means of an abstract approach, leaning purely on the text introduced by that standard, and other empirical, taking as base research on prisons in flagrant occurred the city of São Paulo. The reference for the review of the adequacy will be the governing constitutional principles of personal protective measures, notably the presumption of innocence and proportionality.

Evaluación del uso de plaguicidas en la actividad agrícola del departamento de Putumay; Evaluation of Pesticides Used in Agriculture - Putumayo, Colombia

Salcedo Monsalve, Alejandra; Melo Trujillo, Olga Lucía
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/05/2010 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.87%
El objetivo fue identificar los plaguicidas empleados por agricultores del Putumayo, evaluando el cumplimiento de las disposiciones legales sobre manejo de éstos y las medidas de protección personal. Metodología: estudio observacional descriptivo de campo, en zonas de cultivos ilícitos. Resultados: se evaluaron 490 sujetos, de los cuales se identificaron como expuestos a plaguicidas el 25,9%. La distribución por edad de los expuestos a plaguicidas fue: 1-10 años (19,7%), 10-18 (18,1%), 18-35 (33,9%), 35-55 (23,6%) y más de 55 años (4,7%). La mayoría de productos reportados son categoría toxicológica I. De las 109 personas que realizan labores de formulación, el 95,4% utilizan un método manual sin guantes. De los 115 sujetos que hacen aplicación, 76,5% utilizan bomba de espalda y 23,5% bomba estacionaria. El 97,6% de expuestos no emplea elementos de protección personal. Los envases vacíos son dispuestos de manera inadecuada. En los últimos seis meses se han presentado 198 contactos accidentales en 72 individuos. Conclusiones: es preocupante encontrar el uso inadecuado de insecticidas y herbicidas tóxicos y el desconocimiento de la normatividad vigente. Es recomendable que entidades académicas, entes gubernamentales e industria de agroquímicos emprendan esfuerzos para cumplir a cabalidad su función de educación...

Exposición a plaguicidas en los habitantes de la ribera del río Bogotá (Suesca) y en el pez Capitán; Exposure to Pesticides in Residents or the Banks of the Río Bogotá (Suesca) and the Capitan Fish; Exposição a praguicidas nos habitantes da ribeira do rio Bogotá (Suesca) e no peixe “Capitán de la sabana”

Salcedo Monsalve, Alejandra; Díaz Criollo, Sonia Mireya; Varona Uribe, Marcela Eugenia; González Mantilla, Jaime Fernando; Rodríguez Forero, Adriana
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/04/2012 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.05%
Objetivo: considerando el elevado uso de plaguicidas en Colombia y los efectos nocivos que produce la exposición a estas sustancias para la salud humana y el ambiente, se realizó un estudio para la determinación de biomarcadores de exposición y efecto de plaguicidas en la población de Suesca que habita en la ribera del río Bogotá, de los niveles de plaguicidas en muestras de agua del río tomadas en el mismo municipio y en muestras de pez “Capitán de la sabana” (Eremophylus mutisii) capturado en dicha zona. Materiales y métodos: se realizaron determinaciones para organofosforados, carbamatos, ditiocarbamatos y organoclorados También se exploró, mediante una encuesta, la exposición ocupacional a plaguicidas y el conocimiento y utilización de medidas de protección personal en su actividad laboral. Adicionalmente, se examinó el hábito de la pesca de pez Capitán y su consumo en la dieta de los habitantes de esta zona del río. Resultados: los resultados muestran la presencia de plaguicidas organoclorados y organofosforados en el río y en el tejido de los peces y organoclorados y etilentiourea en las muestras biológicas humanas. En el estudio participaron trabajadores directamente expuestos a plaguicidas, quienes manipulan productos de alta toxicidad; en su mayoría conocen y emplean las medidas de protección personal e higiene industrial. Conclusiones: existe contaminación por plaguicidas en la cuenca alta del río Bogotá que afecta a la fauna y a las poblaciones ribereñas. Es necesario promover mejores medidas para el cuidado del ambiente...

Usage and Perceived Side Effects of Personal Protective Measures against Mosquitoes among Current Users in Delhi

Kohli, Charu; Kumar, Rajesh; Meena, G. S.; Singh, M. M.; Sahoo, Jyotiranjan; Ingle, G. K.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
Background. Mosquito-borne diseases constitute an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The use of personal protective measures (PPM) like mats, bednets, screening, repellents, liquid vaporizers, mosquito coils, and so forth has been advocated as an effective tool in control of mosquito-borne diseases, but data about the safety profile of personal protective measures is still scarce. Objective. To study the usage and side effects of personal protective measures against mosquitoes among current users in Delhi. Materials and Methods. A community-based cross-sectional study among 350 adult individuals selected by systematic sampling method. Data was collected using pretested semistructured questionnaire after taking written informed consent. Data was analysed using SPSS version 17. Chi-square/Fisher's Exact test was used for qualitative variables to find association and P value <0.05 was considered significant. Results. Out of 350 families selected, 210 belonged to rural area and 140 to urban area. Personal protective measures were used by 219 (62.5%) subjects. Liquid vaporizer was the most preferred method (41.4%). Most common perceived side effect of personal protective measures was headache (7.7%). Other perceived side effects were cough (3.2%)...

Preventive Measures to Eliminate Asbestos-Related Diseases in Singapore

Lim, John Wah; Koh, David; Khim, Judy Sng Gek; Le, Giang Vinh; Takahashi, Ken
Fonte: Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute Publicador: Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%
The incidence of asbestos-related diseases (ARD) has increased in the last four decades. In view of the historical use of asbestos in Singapore since the country started banning it in phases in 1989 and the long latency of the disease, the incidence of ARD can be expected to increase further. As occupational exposure to asbestos still occurs, preventive measures to eliminate ARD continue to be required to protect the health of both workers and the public from asbestos exposure. The majority of occupational exposures to asbestos at present occur during the removal of old buildings. Preventive measures have been utilized by different government ministries and agencies in eliminating ARD in Singapore over the past 40 years. These measures have included the enforcement of legislation, substitution with safer materials, and engineering controls during asbestos removal as well as improvements in personal hygiene and the use of personal protective equipment. The existing Workman's Compensation System for ARD should be further refined, given that is currently stipulates that claims for asbestosis and malignant mesothelioma be made within 36 and 12 months after ceasing employment.

Occupational risk prevention in endoscopy units: a pending issue

Baudet,J. S.; Martín,J. M.; Sánchez-del-Río,A.; Aguirre-Jaime,A.
Fonte: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas Publicador: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/02/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.91%
The degree of Knower and compliance with occupational risk prevention measures in the Spanish gastrointestinal endoscopy units is unknown. Aim: 1. To assess compliance with occupational risk prevention measures in GIE units. 2. To determine which factors influence the fulfillment of occupational risk prevention measures. Methods: a validated survey was supplied to 300 GIE units, including questions on: 1. General occupational risk prevention measures; 2. occupational risk prevention measures during disinfection; 3. occupational risk prevention measures during examination. The following Hospital or GIE Unit characteristics were evaluated: Type of hospital according to the Spanish National Health Service; Number of hospital beds; Advanced diagnostic and therapeutic procedures performed and; Centers providing training in the field of endoscopy. Results: response: 196 GIE units (65%). 104 GIE units (53% CI95%: 46-60) fulfill less than 50% of the occupational risk prevention measures studied. The RR of less than 50% of the ORP measures being fulfilled is 1.975 times higher at public hospitals than at private facilities (CI95%: 1.11-3.52). None of the remaining factors analyzed proved to have a significant influence. Conclusions: compliance with occupational risk prevention measures in Spanish GIE units is inadequate and must be improved. Public hospitals in Spain comply with fewer occupational risk prevention measures than their private counterparts.

Pesticide risk perception and use of personal protective equipment among young and old cotton growers in northern Greece

Damalas,Christos Asterios; Hashemi,Seyyed Mahmoud
Fonte: Colegio de Postgraduados Publicador: Colegio de Postgraduados
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.99%
Conventionally grown cotton receives many pesticide treatments each year, but protective measures of growers during pesticide handling may vary considerably. A survey to cotton growers was conducted in northern Greece to study the perception risk to pesticide and the use of personal protective equipment in young (below 35 years old) and old (above 50 years old) growers. Both groups showed high acceptability about using pesticides, considering them necessary for high yield, product quality and pest management for cotton in Greece. Young growers revealed higher levels of risk perception due to adverse effects of pesticide on users' health than old growers, who felt that pesticides are safe if used according to the manufacturer's instructions and less hazardous compared with other farming activities. Moreover, young growers showed higher levels of adoption of pest management practices related to Integrated Pest Management (IPM) than old growers. Hat and boots were the most commonly used protective items, but most of both growers groups reported low frequency of use for gloves, goggles, face mask, coveralls, and respirator. The use of these items was considerably lower particularly for the old than for the young growers; the respirator was not used at all. Old growers showed worryingly low use of some protective items...

Protección antituberculosa para el personal de salud

Fonte: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Publicador: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/1998 ES
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.83%
The rise in tuberculosis (TB) throughout the world, fueled by the pandemic of infection with the human immune-deficiency virus and with multidrug resistant strains of the bacillus, poses a great occupational hazard to health workers. In developing countries, nosocomial transmission of tuberculosis calls for preventive measures that are cost-effective. This article describes time-tested interventions that have helped reduce transmission, including some administrative, diagnostic, therapeutic, and protective measures for the benefit of health workers. Attention is drawn to factors that are associated with the transmission of TB to health personnel, to efficient ways of handling patients in whom TB is suspected, and to special measures for the protection of laboratoy staff.