Página 1 dos resultados de 407 itens digitais encontrados em 0.006 segundos

As representações dos japoneses nos textos modernistas brasileiros: Mário de Andrade, Oswald de Andrade e Juó Benanére; The representation of the Japanese in Brazilian modernist texts: Mário de Andrade, Oswald de Andrade and Juó Bananére

Hashimoto, Shirlei Lica Ichisato
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/03/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.92%
As representações dos japoneses nos textos modernistas brasileiros: Mário de Andrade, Oswald de Andrade e Juó Bananére tem como objetivo estudar textos escritos por brasileiros que tomam o Japão por tema e textos produzidos por japoneses e nipo-brasileiros que escrevem sobre sua experiência individual e coletiva com o Brasil, principalmente textos de memória autobiográfica e coletiva que contemplam os pontos de vista da sua adaptação ao presente brasileiro. Prevê, entre outros procedimentos, especificar os modos japoneses de definir categorias como escrita, ficção, arte, tempo, sociedade, pessoa, memória, família, hierarquia, trabalho, sexualidade, moral, honra, obediência etc., considerando as diferentes formas culturais como homens e mulheres de origem japonesa com os valores herdados e fortemente formalizados do shinto, do budismo, da família e da honra definiram e orientaram o sentido da experiência no presente brasileiro de sua adaptação a uma cultura constituída por outras tradições, como a religião católica, a miscigenação racial e cultural, a moral patriarcal, a língua portuguesa etc.; The representation of the Japanese in Brazilian modernist texts: Mário de Andrade, Oswald de Andrade and Juó Bananére aims at studying texts written by Brazilian authors that have Japan as a theme and texts written by Japanese and Japanese-Brazilians about their individual and collective experiences with Brazil...

O livro : objetivo de estudo e de memoria de leitura; The book : object of study and memory of reading

Ilsa do Carmo Vieira Goulart
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/08/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.04%
Este trabalho tem como propósito compreender a interação e o vínculo que se constrói no decorrer do tempo entre o leitor e a leitura por intermédio do livro. Para a efetivação desta pesquisa, foram utilizadas entrevistas com pessoas, a partir de cinquenta anos, as quais guardaram seu livro do período em que estudaram, bem como daquelas que em um determinado momento de suas vidas, adquiriram outro exemplar do mesmo impresso, e também daqueles que conservaram o livro de outra pessoa. Pelo relato das experiências de leitura que ocorreram com este material, tanto na palavra proferida quanto na memória restituída, é possível investigar sobre o papel que o livro, enquanto objeto físico, ocupa na relação do leitor com a leitura. Um objetolivro que se torna revelador das marcas de um tempo, de lembranças e sentimentos. Desta forma, a pesquisa destacará o livro como objeto cultural e desencadeador de práticas de leitura. Para tanto, buscar-se-ão como suporte teórico as contribuições de Bakhtin (2004), numa compreensão da linguagem no campo da enunciação; de Benjamin (1994), Certeau (1994) e Bosi (1994), nas noções de experiência e memória; de Chartier (1990, 1994, 1996, 1998, 1999) e Darnton (1990), na história do livro...

Can Web 2.0 shape meta-memory?

Sá, Alberto
Fonte: Inter-Disciplinary Press Publicador: Inter-Disciplinary Press
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
The social features of recent Web 2.0 technologies applications can bear a strong relationship to memory production and can help to shape personal identity through emotional connections by synchronizing people’s subjective experiences. When added to life, the proliferation of mechanical memory, experienced and produced by technology, makes for a new type of shared awareness. Therefore, we should look at these tools as instruments of reminiscence and as creative mnemonic aids. The input of new media technologies into “how” and “what” to remember is a crucial factor influencing memory status in contemporary societies. They are tools of recording and updating historical past as well as a guide for future memory and identity. These procedures are being used as auxiliary memory and reflect our time techniques. The computer network is a performative agent of remembrance processes, and new and important criticism arises due to the externalization of personal memory into digital forms. This type of mediated memories widely circulates in mass culture and despite not having an organic basis, they can, however, be interiorized by a person without having it experienced in real life, as a result of the involvement in cultural technologies. As those memories become integral part of personal experiences archive...

A situated approach to person memory

Palma, Tomás Alexandre Campaniço
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.58%
Tese de Doutoramento/ PsycINFO Classification: 2340, 2343, 3000, 3040; O presente trabalho estende a abordagem da cognição socialmente situada (CSS; E. R. Smith &Semin, 2004) ao estudo da memória de pessoas. A investigação em memória de pessoas têm tradicionalmente estudado as estruturas e os processos psicológicos separando-os do nosso próprio corpo e dos ambientes físicos e sociais envolventes. Com base na abordagem da CSS, argumentamos que a memória de pessoas, tal como outros processos cognitivos, é corporalizada, situada, e distribuída. Estes princípios teóricos, foram explorados em três conjuntos de estudos. Nos primeiros dois estudos testámos a ideia de que a memória de pessoas é corporalizada. Tal como previsto, verificámos que a recordação é facilitada por pistas espaciais e motoras apresentadas em localizações espaciais metaforicamente compatíveis. Nos quatro estudos seguintes explorámos a natureza situadada memória de pessoas. Os resultados mostraram que a recordação de comportamentos acerca de uma pessoa-alvo é facilitada quando o contexto físico presente durante a codificação e recuperação é relevante para a ocupação do alvo. Por último, testámos o pressuposto de que a memória é distribuída. Este estudo mostrou que distribuir informação a um parceiro...

Emotional memory function, personality structure and psychopathology: A neural system approach to the identification of vulnerability markers✩

Haas, Brian W.; Canli, Turhan
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.27%
It is well established that emotional events are ingrained stronger into memory relative to neutral events. Facilitated emotional memory is highly variable between individuals within the normal population and is particularly exacerbated in those diagnosed with mood and anxiety disorders. In order to elucidate how variation of enhanced emotional memory within the normal population may manifest into psychopathological states, we explored the convergence between studies investigating the neural systems engaged in emotional memory facilitation and studies investigating how these systems differ from person to person. Converging evidence highlights the roles of three neural systems (1. Amygdala function and attention, 2. Neuroendocrine function, 3. Interactive effects with mood) that all govern emotional memory facilitation and are highly variable between individuals as a function of personality. We applied this neural system approach to models of vulnerability of three forms of psychopathology that are particularly characterized by atypical emotional memory function (depression, generalized anxiety disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder). This application suggests that the incorporation of known vulnerability markers across psychological...

Training-induced compensation versus magnification of individual differences in memory performance

Lövdén, Martin; Brehmer, Yvonne; Li, Shu-Chen; Lindenberger, Ulman
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/05/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.29%
Do individuals with higher levels of task-relevant cognitive resources gain more from training, or do they gain less? For episodic memory, empirical evidence is mixed. Here, we revisit this issue by applying structural equation models for capturing individual differences in change to data from 108 participants aged 9–12, 20–25, and 65–78 years. Participants learned and practiced an imagery-based mnemonic to encode and retrieve words by location cues. Initial mnemonic instructions reduced between-person differences in memory performance, whereas further practice after instruction magnified between-person differences. We conclude that strategy instruction compensates for inefficient processing among the initially less able. In contrast, continued practice magnifies ability-based between-person differences by uncovering individual differences in memory plasticity.

Destination Memory Impairment in Older People

Gopie, Nigel; Craik, Fergus I. M.; Hasher, Lynn
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.31%
Older adults are assumed to have poor destination memory— knowing to whom they tell particular information—and anecdotes about them repeating stories to the same people are cited as informal evidence for this claim. Experiment 1 assessed young and older adults’ destination memory by having participants tell facts (e.g., “A dime has 118 ridges around its edge”) to pictures of famous people (e.g., Oprah Winfrey). Surprise recognition memory tests, which also assessed confidence, revealed that older adults, compared to young adults, were disproportionately impaired on destination memory relative to spared memory for the individual components (i.e., facts, faces) of the episode. Older adults also were more confident that they had not told a fact to a particular person when they actually had (i.e., a miss); this presumably causes them to repeat information more often than young adults. When the direction of information transfer was reversed in Experiment 2, such that the famous people shared information with the participants (i.e., a source memory experiment), age-related memory differences disappeared. In contrast to the destination memory experiment, older adults in the source memory experiment were more confident than young adults that someone had shared a fact with them when a different person actually had shared the fact (i.e....

When Do We Confuse Self and Other in Action Memory? Reduced False Memories of Self-Performance after Observing Actions by an Out-Group vs. In-Group Actor

Lindner, Isabel; Schain, Cécile; Kopietz, René; Echterhoff, Gerald
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/11/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.2%
Observing another person performing an action can lead to a false memory of having performed the action oneself – the observation-inflation effect. In the experimental paradigm, participants first perform or do not perform simple actions, and then observe another person perform some of these actions. The observation-inflation effect is found when participants later remember performing actions that they have merely observed. In this case, self and other are confused in action memory. We examined social conditions of this self-other confusion when remembering actions, specifically whether the effect depends on the observed actor’s group membership. In our experiment, we manipulated group membership based on physical appearance, specifically complexion of the hands. Fair-skinned participants observed either an in-group (i.e., fair-skinned) or an out-group (i.e., dark-skinned) actor. Our results revealed that the observed actor’s group membership moderated the observation-inflation effect: False memories were significantly reduced when the actor was from the out-group (vs. in-group). We found no difference to a control condition in which the actor wore black gloves, suggesting that distinctiveness of perceptual or sensory features alone (due to the out-group member’s dark skin) is not critical. We discuss these findings in light of social-neuroscience studies demonstrating the impact of an observed person’s group membership on motor simulation. Overall...

Imagining Other People’s Experiences in a Person with Impaired Episodic Memory: The Role of Personal Familiarity

Rabin, Jennifer S.; Carson, Nicole; Gilboa, Asaf; Stuss, Donald T.; Rosenbaum, R. Shayna
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.2%
Difficulties remembering one’s own experiences via episodic memory may affect the ability to imagine other people’s experiences during theory of mind (ToM). Previous work shows that the same set of brain regions recruited during tests of episodic memory and future imagining are also engaged during standard laboratory tests of ToM. However, hippocampal amnesic patients who show deficits in past and future thinking, show intact performance on ToM tests, which involve unknown people or fictional characters. Here we present data from a developmental amnesic person (H.C.) and a group of demographically matched controls, who were tested on a naturalistic test of ToM that involved describing other people’s experiences in response to photos of personally familiar others (“pToM” condition) and unfamiliar others (“ToM” condition). We also included a condition that involved recollecting past experiences in response to personal photos (“EM” condition). Narratives were scored using an adapted Autobiographical Interview scoring procedure. Due to the visually rich stimuli, internal details were further classified as either descriptive (i.e., details that describe the visual content of the photo) or elaborative (i.e., details that go beyond what is visually depicted in the photo). Relative to controls...

Anterior temporal face patches: a meta-analysis and empirical study

Von Der Heide, Rebecca J.; Skipper, Laura M.; Olson, Ingrid R.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/02/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.32%
Evidence suggests the anterior temporal lobe (ATL) plays an important role in person identification and memory. In humans, neuroimaging studies of person memory report consistent activations in the ATL to famous and personally familiar faces and studies of patients report resection or damage of the ATL causes an associative prosopagnosia in which face perception is intact but face memory is compromised. In addition, high-resolution fMRI studies of non-human primates and electrophysiological studies of humans also suggest regions of the ventral ATL are sensitive to novel faces. The current study extends previous findings by investigating whether similar subregions in the dorsal, ventral, lateral, or polar aspects of the ATL are sensitive to personally familiar, famous, and novel faces. We present the results of two studies of person memory: a meta-analysis of existing fMRI studies and an empirical fMRI study using optimized imaging parameters. Both studies showed left-lateralized ATL activations to familiar individuals while novel faces activated the right ATL. Activations to famous faces were quite ventral, similar to what has been reported in previous high-resolution fMRI studies of non-human primates. These findings suggest that face memory-sensitive patches in the human ATL are in the ventral/polar ATL.

Is that my memory? Effects of interpersonal relationships on shared memory

Condon, Candice E
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.19%
peer-reviewed; This thesis documents the results of a research project investigating the relationship between interpersonal relationship factors and shared memory. Although shared memory and the factors that influence it have been researched more in recent years, there has been limited research which has measured the specific influence of interpersonal factors such as familiarity, trust, confidence, and memory esteem on memory distortion, specifically memory conformity and false memory. The research presented in this thesis sought to fill the void in the shared memory literature and also proposed new use of image recording technology for assessing the impact of dyadic memory conformity on memory recognition. There are four empirical chapters (2-5) in this thesis. Within these four chapters are four separate and related studies, which examine the influence of familiarity, trust, confidence, and memory esteem on memory distortion for ordinary events and for flashbulb memory of the terrorist attacks of September 11th, 2001, along with the use of image recording technology (SenseCam TM) as an objective measure of memory distortion between dyadic members. In Chapter 2, it was hypothesised that familiarity and trust would interact with reminiscence type (discussion vs. revision) between dyadic members and would result in an increase in memory conformity (both corrective and distortive) and false memory. The findings were consistent with the hypothesis. Chapter 3 followed on from investigating interpersonal constructs on ordinary events...

Memory conformity: Actors and bystanders

Carlucci, Mariana E
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.29%
This dissertation explored memory conformity effects on people who interacted with a confederate and of bystanders to that interaction. Two studies were carried out. Study 1 was conducted in the field. A male confederate approached a group of people at the beach and had a brief interaction. About a minute later a research assistant approached the group and administered a target-absent lineup to each person in the group. Analyses revealed that memory conformity occurred during the lineup task. Bystanders were twice as likely to conform as those who interacted with the confederate. Study 2 was carried out in a laboratory under controlled conditions. Participants were exposed to two events during their time in the laboratory. In one event, participants were shown a brief video with no determinate roles assigned. In the other event participants were randomly assigned to interact with a confederate (actor condition) or to witness that interaction (bystander condition). Participants were given memory tests on both events to understand the effects of participant role (actor vs. bystander) on memory conformity. Participants answered second to all questions, following a confederate acting as a participant, who disseminated misinformation on critical questions. Analyses revealed no significant differences in memory conformity between actors and bystanders during the movie memory task. However...

Memory Conformity: Actors and Bystanders

Carlucci, Mariana E.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This dissertation explored memory conformity effects on people who interacted with a confederate and of bystanders to that interaction. Two studies were carried out. Study 1 was conducted in the field. A male confederate approached a group of people at the beach and had a brief interaction. About a minute later a research assistant approached the group and administered a target-absent lineup to each person in the group. Analyses revealed that memory conformity occurred during the lineup task. Bystanders were twice as likely to conform as those who interacted with the confederate. Study 2 was carried out in a laboratory under controlled conditions. Participants were exposed to two events during their time in the laboratory. In one event, participants were shown a brief video with no determinate roles assigned. In the other event participants were randomly assigned to interact with a confederate (actor condition) or to witness that interaction (bystander condition). Participants were given memory tests on both events to understand the effects of participant role (actor vs. bystander) on memory conformity. Participants answered second to all questions, following a confederate acting as a participant, who disseminated misinformation on critical questions. Analyses revealed no significant differences in memory conformity between actors and bystanders during the movie memory task. However...

What could cognitive neuroscience tell us about recognition memory?

Kalish, M.; Dunn, J.
Fonte: Australian Psychological Soc Publicador: Australian Psychological Soc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
This paper is concerned with how the debate between single- and dual-process theories of recognition memory might be resolved. We argue that this is only possible if the theories concerned are competing to offer an explanation for the same phenomenon. We distinguish two kinds of explanations of recognition memory—roughly, one that explains what a person does to recognise an item, and another that explains what the brain does in order to enable a person to recognise an item. Our first point is that single- and dual-process theories typically, and perhaps counter-intuitively, do not offer competing explanations. Our second point is that this suggests two clear roles for neuroscience to play in the debate. Adjudicating between constitutive explanations would, we argue, require new experimental designs. Adjudicating between causal explanations requires prior determination of what function the brain is performing (an agreed psychological theory) before neuroscience could tell us how the brain is producing that performance.; Michael L. Kalish and John C. Dunn

Person memory : associative networks, categories, and schemas

Therkelsen, Martin Andrew
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.13%
A model of impression memory was utilized which partitioned impression information into category-consistent (schema) and category-inconsistent information (peripheral). The memory for consistent and inconsistent information was investigated in a series of experiments. Two information-processing models, the Schema-Pointer-Plus-Tag (SP+T) and the Associative-Network-Plus-Elaborative-Processing (AN+EP) models were tested for their ability to account for impression memory data. Experiment 1 tested subjects' recognition memory for an impression. Subjects' hit rates for schema and peripheral impression traits were equal both at immediate and delayed test intervals. False alarm rates were greater for schema nonimpression distractors than for peripheral dis tractors at each retention interval. Reaction times paralleled recognition performance. Times to make schema and peripheral hits were equal, while correct rejections of schema nonimpression distractors took longer than peripheral distractors. Experiment 2 tested subjects' recall memory for an impression. Subjects recalled equal proportions of schema and peripheral impression traits at immediate test, but recalled a greater proportion of schema traits after a delay. Recall intrusions at immediate test were equal for schema and peripheral nonimpression traits...

The Relation Between Depressive Symptoms and Semantic Memory in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment and in Late-Life Depression

Hudon, Carol; Macoir, Joël; Belleville, Sylvie; Rousseau, François; Bouchard, Rémi W.; Verret, Louis; Chertkow, Howard; Chayer, Céline; Kergoat, Marie-Jeanne; Joubert, Sven
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
Semantic deficits have been documented in the prodromal phase of Alzheimer’s disease, but it is unclear whether these deficits are associated with non-cognitive manifestations. For instance, recent evidence indicates that cognitive deficits in elders with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) are modulated by concomitant depressive symptoms. The purposes of this study were to (i) investigate if semantic memory impairment in aMCI is modulated according to the presence (aMCI-D group) or absence (aMCI group) of depressive symptoms, and (ii) compare semantic memory performance of aMCI and aMCI-D groups to that of patients with late-life depression (LLD). Seventeen aMCI, 16 aMCI-D, 15 LLD, and 26 healthy control participants were administered a semantic questionnaire assessing famous person knowledge. Results showed that performance of aMCI-D patients was impaired compared to the control and LLD groups. However, in the aMCI group performance was comparable to that of all other groups. Overall, these findings suggest that semantic deficits in aMCI are somewhat associated with the presence of concomitant depressive symptoms. However, depression alone cannot account solely for the semantic deficits since LLD patients showed no semantic memory impairment in this study. Future studies should aim at clarifying the association between depression and semantic deficits in older adults meeting aMCI criteria.; Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada (IRSC) IAO-84674

Simulating personal future events: Contributions from episodic memory and beyond

Gaesser, Brendan James
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
Episodic simulation refers to the construction of imagined, hypothetical events that might occur in one's personal future. Damage to our capacity for episodic simulation can produce grave consequences, impairing our ability to anticipate, plan, and prepare for the future. New theoretical approaches have begun to uncover the cognitive and neural mechanisms underlying episodic simulation, but much remains to be examined. The purpose of this dissertation is to further investigate the mechanisms supporting episodic simulation as well as the functions it serves. In the first study of the dissertation I examine age-related deficits in imagining the future, remembering the past, and describing the present (Paper 1). These findings replicate known deficits in older adults in episodic simulation and memory, yet provide evidence of non-episodic processes that also shape their expression. I next examine component cognitive and neural processes that are recruited to generate imagined events (Paper 2). Distinct regions of the hippocampus were active when encoding, tracking novelty, or constructing imagined events, suggesting a multifaceted role of the hippocampus in supporting episodic simulation. Finally, I present evidence that episodic simulation and memory can be used to facilitate empathy...

Episodic memory and autonoetic consciousness: a first-person approach.

Gardiner, J M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 29/09/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.27%
Episodic memory is identified with autonoetic consciousness, which gives rise to remembering in the sense of self-recollection in the mental re-enactment of previous events at which one was present. Autonoetic consciousness is distinguished from noetic consciousness, which gives rise to awareness of the past that is limited to feelings of familiarity or knowing. Noetic consciousness is identified not with episodic but with semantic memory, which involves general knowledge. A recently developed approach to episodic memory makes use of 'first-person' reports of remembering and knowing. Studies using this approach have revealed many independent variables that selectively affect remembering and others that selectively affect knowing. These studies can also be interpreted in terms of distinctiveness and fluency of processing. Remembering and knowing do not correspond with degrees of confidence in memory. Nor does remembering always control the memory response. There is evidence that remembering is selectively impaired in various populations, including not only amnesic patients and older adults but also adults with Asperger's syndrome. This first-person approach to episodic memory represents one way in which that most elusive aspect of consciousness...

Measuring Visual Perspective in Autobiographical Memory Across Time Periods and Events

Rice, Heather Joy
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: 2295999 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.34%
Visual perspective in the context of autobiographical memory research refers to the point of view from which an individual constructs a visual image of a past event. While the number of studies focusing on this phenomenological aspect of retrieval has increased in the last decade, a basic understanding of the meaning of perspective and its fundamental characteristics has not been fully established. The current studies attempt to further this understanding. The first series of studies examine the role of memory age in perspective using continuous scales to measure self-reported perspective. These studies show memories change in a linear fashion, from first- to third-person perspective, as memories become more remote. Furthermore, individuals report more than one perspective during a single retrieval episode, females report more third-person perspective than do males, and individual differences in perspective use were observed. These individual differences were not accounted for by personality differences, such as levels of public self-consciousness. A second series of studies asked participants to describe the location of their visual perspective, rather than using continuous scales. These studies show visual perspective location varies greatly and consistently across space and for different events. For example...

Putting some order in person memory: memory for (serial) order in impression formation

Costa, Rui S.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.52%
Doctor in Social and Organizational Psychology, Specialty in Social Psychology / American Psychological Association (PsycINFO Classification Categories and Codes) 2340 Cognitive Processes; 2343 Learning & Memory; 3000 Social Psychology; 3040 Social Perception and Cognition; The present work examines the representation and retrieval of order information in person memory. The study of memory for serial order has been absent from the research on the underling memory processes of impression formation, which has been focusing exclusively on item information. In this work we argue that our understanding of person memory is incomplete without an account for order and item information representation and retrieval. According to a chaining hypothesis, we predicted that the organizational processes involved in impression formation would hinder the ability to represent order by means of associations between items in successive positions. The first three experiments indicated, contradicting our hypothesis, that when people form impressions they are able to represent, retrieve and use order information for order judgements and (serial) recall. The two following studies, experiment 4 and 5, directly manipulated the associations that were built in memory when people formed impressions...