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Conflict Resolution in War-Torn Societies?: Delineating the Post-Conflict State-Building Dispositif

Blanco, Ramon
Fonte: Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra Publicador: Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.66%
In our time, very much attention and intellectual effort are being directed to conflict-resolution activities in war-torn societies throughout the world. In this aspect, the centrality of the UN in terms of post-conflict reconstruction activities is notorious. Notoriously, state-building is a key enterprise in regard of addressing the international conflicts throughout the globe, being deployed as a key conflict-resolution tool applied globally. Although such activities are represented as mere techniques aiming to build peace, this peace is intimately associated with the institutionalization of liberal ideas in structuring realms such as the political, the economical and the social spheres. Here lays the objective of this paper. It aims, from a critical position, to discuss and deconstruct this UN model regarding the transformation of the international violent conflicts. Departing from Foucauldian concepts such as dispositif, government, discipline and biopolitics, it aims to critically analyze the post-conflict state-building practice. In a first moment, the paper delineates the conflict resolution mindset which state-building is commonly associated with and immersed. In a second moment, it seeks to (re)problematize the state-building practice as a post-conflict dispositif...

Development of a scale to measure individuals’ ratings of peace

Zucker, Howard; Ahn, Roy; Sinclair, Samuel Justin; Blais, Mark; Nelson, Brett D; Burke, Thomas F
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.63%
Background: The evolving concept of peace-building and the interplay between peace and health is examined in many venues, including at the World Health Assembly. However, without a metric to determine effectiveness of intervention programs all efforts are prone to subjective assessment. This paper develops a psychometric index that lays the foundation for measuring community peace stemming from intervention programs. Methods: After developing a working definition of ‘peace’ and delineating a Peace Evaluation Across Cultures and Environments (PEACE) scale with seven constructs comprised of 71 items, a beta version of the index was pilot-tested. Two hundred and fifty subjects in three sites in the U.S. were studied using a five-point Likert scale to evaluate the psychometric functioning of the PEACE scale. Known groups validation was performed using the SOS-10. In addition, test-retest reliability was performed on 20 subjects. Results: The preliminary data demonstrated that the scale has acceptable psychometric properties for measuring an individual’s level of peacefulness. The study also provides reliability and validity data for the scale. The data demonstrated internal consistency, correlation between data and psychological well-being...

Towards sustainable peace : peace-building and human security

Robinson, Erin A.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.86%
Failed and fragile states that result from intrastate war pose severe threats to the security of both the international system and individual states alike. In the post-Cold War era, the international community has come to recognize the reality of these threats and the difficulty involved in ending violence and building sustainable peace in failed and fragile states. This work focuses upon the development of a comprehensive strategy for sustainable peace-building by incorporating the tenets of the human security doctrine into the peace-building process. Through the use of case studies of The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and East Timor, the development and refinement of the doctrine of human security will occur, as well as, an understanding of how and where human security fits into the sustainable peace-building equation. The end result of the analysis is the development of a hierarchical pyramid formation that brings together human security and peace-building into one framework that ultimately creates the foundation and structure of sustainable peace-building. With the development of a sustainable peace-building structure based upon the human security doctrine, the role of Canada in the support of sustainable peace-building is analyzed in relation to the form and level of involvement that Canada undertakes and contributes to in the implementation and support of sustainable peace-building initiatives. Following from this...

Post-conflict peace-building: a challenge for the United Nations

Castillo, Graciana del
Fonte: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe Publicador: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.41%
Includes bibliography; The multidisciplinary peace-keeping and post-conflict peace-building (PCPB); operations of today have imposed on the United Nations a multifaceted and complex role, comprising both verification and good offices functions in a wide variety of areas. This has put tremendous pressure on the human and financial resources of the Organization. As a result, many flaws in the United Nations system have been brought to light, such as the inadequate coordination that exists between the different bodies of the Organization and its inability to address problems associated with peace and development in a rigorous, integrated, transparent, coherent and consistent way. The political and economic realities of today require what the Secretary-General has referred to as an "integrated approach to human security". Under such an approach, humanitarian, political, military and socio-economic problems should be addressed by the various institutions jointly rather than separately, in order to avoid potential clashes of competence and waste of resources. An integrated approach to human security, which is important as a general rule, is imperative in PCPB situations and may be the only feasible way to address the sources of conflict...

El street art (arte callejero) como vía para la construcción alternativa de culturas de paz

Guarnizo Guerrero, Camilo Santiago
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Javeriana Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Javeriana
Tipo: bachelorThesis; Trabajo de Grado Pregrado Formato: Pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.59%
El propósito de este estudio es investigar como el Arte, en este caso el Street Art (Arte Callejero), puede llegar a incidir en la construcción alternativa de Culturas de Paz. Para esto se realizara un estudio analítico-descriptivo mediante una estrategia de investigación documental de carácter exploratorio que permita establecer una relación o no entre las dos variables a investigar, el Street Art y las Culturas de Paz. Para el desarrollo de lo anterior se utilizara un enfoque teórico que comprende la literatura en el campo del Arte y la Paz con autores como John Paul Lederach y Alex Carrascosa. Asimismo se hará un análisis semiótico concreto del caso Bogotano, donde finalmente se intentara responder a la pregunta inicial de la investigación y del mismo modo reflexionar sobre si ¿Realmente es posible hablar de arte como medio para la construcción de paz?; The purpose of this study is to investigate how the Art, in this case the Street Art (Street Art), might be influence in the alternative Cultures of Peace building. For this analytical-descriptive study was done through a strategy of exploratory document research in order to establish a relationship or not between the two variables to investigate, the Street Art and Peace Cultures. As well for the development of the above theoretical approach...

Las iglesias santuarios de paz como alternativa de construcción de paz en escenarios locales

Roa Almeida, Andrea
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Javeriana Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Javeriana
Tipo: bachelorThesis; Trabajo de Grado Pregrado Formato: Pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.49%
En este trabajo investigativo se hace una aproximación al cómo desde la sociedad 8 civil pueden surgir respuestas conducentes a incentivar y fortalecer la paz en sectores donde está presente la violencia. Para lo cual, se toma como referente a las Iglesias Santuarios de Paz no solo por su teología, orientada hacia el pacifismo y la no violencia, sino por su trabajo en pro de una salida pacífica a las controversias vividas dentro de escenarios locales. En este sentido, se hace un análisis de las mismas con base en el marco conceptual de Juan Pablo Lederach sobre construcción de paz.; This research paper is an approach from to how civil society can give response conducive to fostering and strengthening peace in areas where violence is present. For which, taken as a reference to the Sanctuary of Peace Churches not only for his peace oriented theology and nonviolence, but for his work towards a peaceful solution to disputes lived within local settings. In this sense, an analysis is made of them based on the conceptual framework of John Paul Lederach about peace building.

Post-Conflict Justice and Sustainable Peace

Lie, Tove Grete; Binningsbø, Helga Malmin; Gates, Scott
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.6%
No systematic study has examined the effect of post-conflict justice on the duration of peace on a global basis. This paper attempts to fill that void by building on a newly constructed dataset (Binningsbo, Elster, and Gates 2005), which reports the presence of various forms of post-conflict justice efforts (trials, purges, reparation to victims, and truth commissions) as well as processes associated with abstaining from post-conflict justice (amnesty and exile). It investigates the long-term effects of post-conflict justice on the duration of peace after conflict. It uses a Cox proportional hazard model to analyze the influence of the various types of post-conflict justice on the length of the peace period before the recurrence of violent conflict. Post-conflict trials as well as other types of justice do lead to a more durable peace in democratic as well as non-democratic societies, but the results are weak and are therefore difficult to generalize. Forms of non-retributive justice (that is, reparations to victims and truth commissions)...

Building Informal Justice in Northern Kenya

Chopra, Tanja
Fonte: World Bank and Legal Resources Foundation Trust, Nairobi Publicador: World Bank and Legal Resources Foundation Trust, Nairobi
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.6%
This report analyzes the conflict resolution mechanisms among pastoralist societies in northern Kenya who have a long history of conflict but were by and large not involved in recent hostilities. It is based on qualitative research data that was collected during field visits between July and November 2007 in three arid lands districts in Northern Kenya - Isiolo, Baringo/East Pokot and Garissa. Research areas were selected to gain insight into conflict and legal dynamics among a variety of ethnic groups and in differing ecological and political environments. Research tools mainly consisted of semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions and participant observation. New research tools, such as legal aid days, were piloted during the study. About 80 interviews were conducted with a broad range of individuals, ranging from formal authorities to peace committee members, NGOs, CSOs, informal authorities, women groups, youth groups and others.

Justice Versus Peace in Northern Kenya

Chopra, Tanja
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.67%
The conflicting relationship between peace and justice is frequently debated in the field of transitional justice. The obligation to prosecute serious crimes can contradict the measures necessary to reestablish peace among society. The predicament gives rise to a similar, though less obvious, challenge in many developing countries, where the formal justice system can be at odds with conflict management initiatives. Often, due to their inaccessibility or incompatibility with local socio-cultural norms, official justice institutions in developing countries do not fully penetrate the whole of society. In response, conflict management and peace building initiatives have proven to be more flexible and responsive to socio-political realities. While such initiatives may be more efficient in reestablishing the peace between communities in conflict, they may contradict the official law. Current policy efforts and practices in the arid lands of Kenya illustrate this dilemma. Official justice institutions have proven too weak or ill-suited to prevent or resolve conflicts between local communities. To address the prevailing tensions...

Trade & technical skills in the Peace Corps; Trade and technical skills in the Peace Corps

Peace Corps (U.S.)
Fonte: Peace Corps; Peace Corps ( [Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Peace Corps; Peace Corps ( [Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: [12] p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.35%
(Statement of Responsibility) [Peace Corps].; Cover title.

Trade and technical school graduates in the Peace Corps

Peace Corps (U.S.)
Fonte: Peace Corps; Peace Corps ( [Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Peace Corps; Peace Corps ( [Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: [8] p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.32%
(Statement of Responsibility) [Peace Corps].; Cover title.

NATO’s eastward expansion and peace-enforcement role in the violent dissolution of Yugoslavia: 1994-2004.

Tsoundarou, Paul
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2008
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.51%
Since the end of the Cold War, political and geographical realities have changed considerably. One such reality was the balance of power between East and West, which was especially visible in Europe. The contest between rivals, the Warsaw Pact and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), was over. Ultimately, NATO found itself the pre-eminent security organisation in Europe. The new post-cold war environment forced questions about the appropriate role for NATO. However, that changed with both the process of NATO expansion into former Warsaw pact countries and the ethnic conflicts throughout the former Yugoslavia. NATO found a new purpose during the violent dissolution of Yugoslavia as ‘peace-enforcer’ in the Balkan region. The focus of this thesis is NATO’s role in peace-enforcement in the former Yugoslavia. It examines how NATO dealt with the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Warsaw Pact. Specifically, how NATO managed to re-establish its relevance as a security organisation. NATO’s military intervention in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo were crucial in securing the end of hostilities in both those regions. NATO’s Implementation Force (IFOR), Stabilisation Force (SFOR) and Kosovo Force (KFOR) all played significant roles in subsequent peace-enforcement and peace-building roles in the region by suppressing violence through power projection and institution building. In 2001...

“State-Building for Peace” – A New Paradigm for International Engagement in Post-Conflict Fragile States?

ROCHA MENOCAL, Alina
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.72%
This paper is intended to analyse two leading approaches that have guided international efforts to promote peace and development in conflict-afflicted fragile states since the 1990s, namely peacebuilding and state-building. In a relatively recent development, a growing number of donors has sought to bring these two closer together, based upon the perception that the challenges posed by (post-) conflict fragile states need to be ad-dressed through an approach that combines both – “statebuilding for peace”, as the UNDP has put it. The paper thus seeks to explore how the processes of building peace are related to the processes of building more resilient, effective, and responsive states in (post-) conflict settings. The paper provides an overview of the evolution of these two concepts and analyses key complementarities between peace-building and state-building. It also explores the challenges that arise for both on the basis of these complementarities. The paper goes on to examine some of the most significant tensions that arise between the two, and what these tensions may imply for the international assistance community. By way of a conclusion, the paper offers a few key lessons that emerge from the analysis for improved donor policy and practice in state-building for peace efforts.

RP-US Balikatan exercises a peace-building tool for Mindanao

Ramos, Eric C.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.53%
This thesis explores how the Philippine-American security cooperation can contribute to building a sustainable peace in Mindanao by analyzing the proceedings and outcome of the 2002 RP-US Balikatan exercise at Basilan Island. Balikatan 02-1 was a counterterrorism cooperation wherein US military forces were deployed to the southern Philippines and provided training, equipment, and intelligence information assistance to the AFP in their combat operations against the Abu Sayyaf Group. Balikatan 02-1 successfully forced the ASG out of Basilan and this accomplishment facilitated humanitarian assistance and civic action projects that proved to be beneficial to the people of Basilan. Furthermore, Balikatan 02-1 helped restore a â new sense of peace and securityâ in the province. In view of these outcomes, this thesis asks how future Balikatan exercises may be conducted in order to contribute to a sustainable peace in the southern Philippines. This thesis argues that the RP-US Balikatan exercise series can be a tool for peace-building in Mindanao by means of concentrating its activities in the southern Philippines, as well as focusing on stabilization and reconstruction operations.

Home Thoughts from Abroad: The Variable Impacts of Diasporas on Peace-Building with Feargal Cochrane and Ashok Swain

BASER, Bahar
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.42%
This article looks at the dynamics of Diaspora groups as a possible catalyst for peace-building within violent segmented societies. With the help of two case studies, Irish-America's role in Northern Ireland and Sri Lankan Tamil Diaspora's role in Sri Lanka, it locates the variable impacts of Diaspora involvement in violent conflicts within their homelands. Despite their unique histories and individual complexity, both of these cases illustrate that Diasporas have a significant role to play in peace-building, are diverse rather than homogenous communities, and that they represent an important and often underutilized resource to bring negotiated settlement to violent conflicts.

Colombia : The Economic Foundation of Peace

Giugale, Marcelo M.; Lafourcade, Olivier; Luff, Connie
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.53%
The book intends to trigger, and support policy debate in Colombia. The first part distills four thematic chapters, responsive to the country's current realities, as well as to the five decades of development partnership with the Bank, spanning the entire development spectrum. First, violence, sustainable peace, and development introduces the reader to the source of violence - armed, and social conflicts, and drug trade prevalent in the country - to form a framework of understanding on the economic, and social costs for building peace, and enable sustainable growth. Second, such growth is examined within the macroeconomic, and fiscal framework, to ensure a healthy financial system, and create a business environment to foster private sector development. Third, such eventual success, drives us through Colombia's traditional socioeconomic progress, though through its recent setbacks as well - economic recession, increased macroeconomic instability, and judicial uncertainty - all eroding potential welfare gains. Fourth...

Colombia - Peace Programmatic I : Demobilization and Reinsertion of Ex-Combatants in Colombia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Social Analysis; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.42%
This report presents the results of the study on the demobilization and reinsertion of excombatants from illegal armed groups in Colombia. The report describes and analyzes the Colombian case, compares it with international experience, discusses critical issues of the current program, and presents options to improve its design and implementation. The study responds to a request by the Colombian government to conduct an assessment of the previous and current approaches to demobilization and reinsertion in Colombia and, in light of national and international experience, to present options to improve the program. This study relied principally on secondary data and information from existing studies, essays, and press articles produced by government agencies, nongovernmental organizations, United Nations and bilateral agencies, specialized analysts, and media. The analysis also used primary information collected for the study, including: (1) information from interviews with government and non-government sources about the current condition of individuals demobilized during the 1990s; (2) the profiles of a sample of young excombatants (18-26 years old) enrolled in the current reinsertion program in Medellin and Bogota; (3) the assessment of the demobilization and reinsertion experience of the 1990s as viewed by leaders of existing foundations from four of the demobilized groups; and (4) a special work session held with 50 representatives from diverse private-sector associations and businesses. This study assesses Colombia's experience using a framework of five interwoven phases from armed conflict to peace: prevention...

Iniciativas Locales de Paz en Soacha estudio de caso de un proyecto de cambio social con enfoque de género

Vargas Caipa, Daniela María
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Javeriana Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Javeriana
Tipo: bachelorThesis; Trabajo de Grado Pregrado Formato: Pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.49%
El presente trabajo es un estudio de caso simple sobre el programa Iniciativas Locales de Paz de la Pastoral Social de Soacha. La investigación se realizó con un enfoque de género, mediante la aplicación del modelo de Construcción de Paz de Jean Paul Lederach y bajo la conceptualización de Paz Positiva de Johan Galtung. El estudio es de carácter cualitativo y se realizó con el fin de identificar los factores que producen el desarrollo del programa, la participación única de mujeres en él y los alcances del proceso para marcar una diferencia en la vida de sus participantes y su comunidad.; This work is a simple case study about the Pastoral Social Soacha s program Iniciativas Locales de Paz. The research was conducted with a gender focus, by applying Jean Paul Lederach s Peace Building model and under Johan Galtung s conceptualization of positive peace. The study is qualitative and it was conducted in order to identify the factors that enable the development of the program, the only women's participation and the scope of the process to make a difference in the lives of its participants and their community.

Beyond the Ethnonational Divide: Identity Politics and Women in Northern Ireland and Israel/Palestine

Byrne, SIOBHAN
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 1969141 bytes; application/pdf
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.63%
"Beyond the Ethnonational Divide: Identity Politics and Women in Northern Ireland and Israel/Palestine" is a comparative analysis of the conflict resolution processes and peace-building strategies employed in Northern Ireland and Israel/Palestine, focusing on the experiences of women’s feminist peace movements. I draw on feminist thought in the international relations and comparative politics literatures, as well as the critical identity politics literatures developed outside these fields, to demonstrate the value of broadening our understanding of social identity in conflict. In particular, I apply a post-positivist realist approach to identity to evaluate the extent to which women’s feminist peace communities develop untested ideas related to conflict resolution and peace-building in these cases. I argue that the dominant ethnonational conflict resolution literature, developed largely within the comparative politics field, advances an ‘elite accommodation’ strategy for resolving conflict that grants the most militant and sometimes violent ethnonational leaders the authority to speak for the body public during transformative constitutional moments. I propose that conflict resolution schemes that privilege ethnonational elite political figures and treat the interests of all actors in intrastate conflict as fundamentally derived from ethnonational interests do not produce a stable post-conflict period of peace and governance...

Civil society, human security, and the politics of peace-building in victor’s peace Sri Lanka (2009-2012)

Smith, Janel
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.8%
This thesis aims to expand scholarship on civil society and peace-building through exploration of civil society’s experiences, perspectives, and practices in relation to the politics of peace-building and human (in)security in instances of victor’s peace, using post-war Sri Lanka as case study. It adopts Human Security as an analytical approach calling attention to insecurities operating on and through Sri Lankans but also the nature of power dynamics underlying these insecurities based on the subjective and political nature of ‘peace’ itself. The thesis contributes conceptually and empirically to knowledge of the operation of victor’s peace and its implications for civil society in peace-building. This thesis’s central contention is that acts of securitization and governmentality carried out by Sri Lanka’s central governmental elite within and enabled by the victor’s peace have constricted spaces for civil society to articulate alternatives or engage in critical dialogue within the political process fostered under the victor’s peace. This study, thus, questions romanticized notions of the potentiality of ‘local’ resistances to shift structural inequalities and power asymmetries in victor’s peace. At a disciplinary level...