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O orientador pedagógico na implementação da avaliação institucional participativa : um olhar sobre a experiência; The educational advisor at implementation of participatory institutional assessment : one to look about the experience

Cecilia Aparecida Xavier
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/02/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.28%
Este estudo tem como objetivo conhecer os limites e possibilidades do papel do Orientador Pedagógico como articulador do processo de implementação da Avaliação Institucional Participativa (AIP) nas escolas municipais de Ensino Fundamental da Região Sudoeste de Campinas. Durante os anos de 2008 e 2009, acompanhamos os encontros de estudos e as reuniões de trabalho desses atores institucionais, o que possibilitou a imersão como pesquisadora nas questões relativas ao desencadeamento desse processo. Foram realizadas também, entrevistas semi-estruturadas, com os Orientadores Pedagógicos para que pudéssemos captar o fenômeno estudado em suas diferentes perspectivas. Buscamos desvelar os limites e possibilidades do Orientador Pedagógico enquanto ator institucional indicado para articular esse processo. Além disso, o estudo aborda pontos essenciais nessa trajetória como gestão e Projeto Pedagógico. Pensar e colocar em prática uma avaliação emancipadora promotora da qualidade da escola é possível, e pode garantir uma educação pública que vá para além dos documentos e dos discursos e que auxilie de fato na formação de um cidadão crítico e participativo.; This study aims to know the limits and possibilities of the role of Educational Supervisor as the articulator of the process of implementation of Participatory Institutional Assessment (PIA) in the schools of basic education in the Southwest Region of Campinas. During the years 2008 and 2009...

O sistema participativo da avalização institucional e as contribuições na formação dos estudantes : estudo de caso de uma escola da rede municipal de Campinas; The system of participatory institutional assessment and contributions to the training of students

Marlene Gonzaga dos Anjos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/02/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.49%
Este trabalho discute a temática da avaliação institucional, na perspectiva da Avaliação Institucional Participativa e focaliza o sistema participativo da escola. Diante disso, esta pesquisa teve como objetivo descrever as instâncias do sistema participativo da escola e colher elementos para: identificar que demandas se originam nas práticas que compõem o sistema participativo - (CPA, Conselho de Escola e assembleias) e se elas se voltam para a melhoria na relação entre o professor e os estudantes; identificar a relação entre o processo avaliativo e educativo, se tem se constituído enquanto espaço de formação de valores e quais; identificar que aprendizados (outros) os segmentos apontam serem construídos nesse exercício. Esta pesquisa se trata de um estudo de caso e a metodologia conjugou entrevistas, observações e análise documental. As categorias de análise que emergiram a partir das quais se processou a análise demonstraram a importância do sistema avaliativo e participativo da escola para a instrução e formação de valores. Verificou-se ainda que os temas discutidos no sistema avaliativo, em grande parte se articulam e revertem para a aprendizagem dos estudantes.; This paper discusses the issue of institutional assessment...

Demanding Good Governance : Lessons from Social Accountability Initiatives in Africa

McNeil, Mary; Malena, Carmen
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
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36.2%
This is a challenging time for Africa. The combined effects of the global economic crisis, the need for equitable allocation of natural resource assets, and the ever-changing balance of influence and power between the developed and developing worlds are requiring African countries to re-evaluate their governance structures. "Social accountability," as defined in this book, is an approach to enhancing government accountability and transparency. It refers to the wide range of citizen actions to hold the state to account, as well as actions on the part of government, media, and other actors that promote or facilitate these efforts. Social accountability strategies and tools help empower ordinary citizens to exercise their inherent rights and to hold governments accountable for the use of public funds and how they exercise authority. Global experience has shown that such initiatives can be catalytic and that they increasingly play a critical role in securing and sustaining governance reforms that strengthen transparency and accountability. The case studies presented in this book represent a cross-section of African countries...

West Africa - Mineral Sector Strategic Assessment (WAMSSA) : An Environmental and Social Strategic Assessment for the Development of the Mineral Sector in the Mano River Union

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
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36.44%
The West African Mineral Sector Strategic Assessment (WAMSSA) is a strategic environmental and social assessment intended to identify policy, institutional, and regulatory adjustments required to integrate environmental and social considerations into mineral sector development in Africa. The study focused on three Mano River Union (MRU) countries, Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, all categorized as mineral-rich countries which earn - or could earn (in the case of Liberia) - significant revenues from exports of bauxite, iron ore, rutile, gold, and diamonds. WAMSSA featured an analytical component, and an extensive consultation process designed to initiate a policy dialogue on improving mineral sector governance and enhancing the benefits of mineral sector development for the MRU region. This report summarizes the findings of the WAMSSA process, and provides a series of recommendations to address environmental, social, and governance priorities highlighted by analytical and consultation components of the assessment. The recommendations are intended to provide guidance to the African Mineral Governance Program (AMGP) and Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative Plus Plus initiatives that are gathering momentum in the region.

Tools for Institutional, Political, and Social Analysis of Policy Reform : A Sourcebook for Development Practitioners

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
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46.37%
This Sourcebook deals with social analysis in policy reform, encompassing the transition from gaining a better understanding of the distributional impacts of proposed or continuing reform to influencing a more informed and locally embedded process of policy review and design. In a generic sense, the term "social analysis" encompasses institutional, political, and social analyses. These three overlapping areas, derived from different disciplinary backgrounds, focus on the rules and relations that underpin and influence reform outcomes: Institutional analysis looks at the rules that people develop to govern group behavior and interaction in political, economic, and social spheres of life. Institutional analysis is based on an understanding that these rules-whether formally constructed or informally embedded in cultural practice-mediate and distort, sometimes fundamentally, the expected impacts of policy reform. Political analysis looks at the structure of power relations and often-entrenched interests of different stakeholders that affect decision making and distributional outcomes. Political analysis is built on recognition that political interests underpin many areas of policy debate and economic reform...

Participatory Budgeting : Contents of CD Rom

Shah, Anwar
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
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46.43%
This book provides an overview of the principles underlying participatory budgeting. It analyzes the merits and demerits of participatory budgeting practices around the world with a view to guiding policy makers and practitioners on improving such practices in the interest of inclusive governance. This publication includes five regional surveys, and seven country case studies can be found on the accompanying CD ROM. The study explains that participatory budgeting has been advanced by budget practitioners and academics as an important tool for inclusive and accountable governance and has been implemented in various forms in many developing countries around the globe. It adds that through participatory budgeting, citizens have the opportunity to gain firsthand knowledge of government operations, influence government policies, and hold government to account. However, participatory processes also run the risk of capture by interest groups. Captured processes may continue to promote elitism in government decision making. This book examines the potential and perils of participatory budgeting...

Participatory Budgeting

Shah, Anwar
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
This book provides an overview of the principles underlying participatory budgeting. It analyzes the merits and demerits of participatory budgeting practices around the world with a view to guiding policy makers and practitioners on improving such practices in the interest of inclusive governance. This publication includes five regional surveys, and seven country case studies can be found on the accompanying CD ROM. The study explains that participatory budgeting has been advanced by budget practitioners and academics as an important tool for inclusive and accountable governance and has been implemented in various forms in many developing countries around the globe. It adds that through participatory budgeting, citizens have the opportunity to gain firsthand knowledge of government operations, influence government policies, and hold government to account. However, participatory processes also run the risk of capture by interest groups. Captured processes may continue to promote elitism in government decision making. This book examines the potential and perils of participatory budgeting...

Evaluation and Poverty Reduction : Proceedings from a World Bank Conference

Feinstein, Osvaldo; Picciotto, Robert
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
The report covers the proceedings of the World Bank Conference on Evaluation and Development, which provided the opportunity for debate, and discussion on lessons learned from evaluations of poverty reduction programs, to partnerships, and participation in evaluation. It presents the addresses of the plenary sessions, papers, and excerpts, on the Conference topics, which included the role of targeted poverty reduction policies, and programs, the design of social funds, safety nets, and ways to include civil society, and private participation towards effective development. Evaluation methodologies figured prominently in the conference discussions, focusing on measuring development impact, with special emphasis on factoring in externalities, and in evaluation design. The lessons learned, question poverty reduction strategies, describing instead the success in making development interventions context-specific, in taking a holistic view, and in broadening the poverty concept. Institutional change is addressed in the context of social capital...

A Fair Share for Women : Cambodia Gender Assessment

UNIFEM; World Bank; ADB; UNDP; DFID
Fonte: Phnom Penh Publicador: Phnom Penh
EN
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46.11%
The Government of Cambodia, as well as donors, is increasingly recognizing the importance of addressing gender issues in poverty reduction strategies and development goals in order to promote sustainable development for women and for the whole population. Gender disparities in access to and control of a wide range of human, economic and social resources and opportunities must be eliminated if Cambodia is to reduce poverty. The need to engender the process and outcomes of development strategy formulation and the identification of development goals, targets and indicators requires a comprehensive gender mainstreaming strategy. The State plays a central role in the promotion of gender equality. Thus, a significant commitment from government agencies across sectors and at all levels is needed to examine and revise agency policies and practices to address gender inequality. This report assesses the gender "terrain" in Cambodia. The assessment is based on a review of existing information from government, donor and non-governmental organization (NGO) sources and also from extensive consultations with various stakeholders. Limited original analysis was carried out for this assessment and there are several areas...

Mongolia : Participatory Living Standards Assessment 2000

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
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46.29%
The Mongolia Participatory Living Standards Assessment 2000 (PLSA) was the first exercise of its kind in Mongolia to use participatory learning and action methods to broaden and deepen understanding of poverty at the national level. The PLSA was conducted by the National Statistical Office of Mongolia (NSO) with the financial and technical support of the World Bank. It forms one of the building blocks for the Government of Mongolia's evolving Poverty Reduction Strategy - both in its analysis and as part of the process of consultation and is helping to contribute to the formulation of national policies to help foster more widely shared economic growth. The PLSA documented the perspectives and priorities of community members throughout Mongolia using their own words. The conclusions that emerged from the PLSA are helping to re-orient the approach taken within the Government of Mongolia's national anti-poverty program, with the support of foreign donors and international financial institutions.

Training for Social Development Staff at the World Bank, Volume 2. Annexes

Gross, Daniel R.; LeDuc, Matthew
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Knowledge Economy Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
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36.38%
The social development family is facing a major challenge given the significant increase in lending made by the Bank in the last five years. Lending overall has more than doubled between FY05 and FY09; investment lending has increased by 82 percent and infrastructure lending by 125 percent. In this report, International Evaluation Group (IEG) suggests that the World Bank's safeguard policies are 'unbalanced' and narrowly conceived even in comparison to other Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs). The report challenges the Bank to consolidate and update its social policies. The purpose of this paper is to present a concept note on core training and accreditation program on social sustainability and social safeguards to Bank staff, including a comprehensive proposal of the training and program, main objectives, content and scope of the course (social sustainability, social analysis social assessment, demand for good governance, youth, gender, 'fragility, conflict, crime and violence', social impacts of climate change...

Republic of Honduras : Country Financial Accountability Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Financial Accountability Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
This Country Financial Accountability Assessment (CFAA) aims to assist the Government implement effective measures to strengthen public financial management, which would result in more effective economic development, and poverty reduction programs. While the implementation of the integrated financial management system has improved the Government's ability to control, and manage expenditure, weak internal controls, and internal audit capacity in spending agencies hinder the assurance of efficiency and certification of expenditures. The report finds fiscal responsibilities are not managed by the Treasury, but rather by the Office of Public Credit, and the Central Bank, a dispersion of responsibility for the management of public funds which results in functional gaps, directly affecting the security, and control of Government funds. And, while tax administration is improving, the procedures governing tax collections are still weak, consequently, with no proper reconciliation between the funds paid by the taxpayers...

Lao PDR - Public Expenditure Review : Country Financial Accountability Assessment, Volume 2. Detailed Reports

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Financial Accountability Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
This public expenditure review/country financial accountability assessment (PER/CFAA) examines the means by which Laos can improve the planning and management of public resources to establish sustainable economic growth and reduce poverty. It is meant to support the goals of the government's National Poverty Eradication Program, as well as those of the Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy, the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, and the Poverty Reduction Partnership Agreement. This report is a full collaborative effort by the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund. The report is organized in six chapters. Following the introductory chapter, Chapter 2 focuses on the macroeconomic framework and the resources envelope. Chapter 3 considers issues of budget execution and control. Chapter 4 is on budget planning and preparation. Chapter 5 explores the dimensions of poverty in Laos and how expenditures planning and management can support the objective of poverty alleviation. The final chapter provides an analysis of public expenditure issues in the context of six major sectors: education...

Kenya - Community Driven Development : Challenges and Opportunities

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
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36.49%
The overall objective of this analytical work is to assess the possibilities for using a community driven development approach in Kenya, to increase formal linkages, downward accountability of service delivery mechanisms, and social inclusiveness in the poverty reduction effort. The report explores relevant policy, and institutional features which color the community driven development (CDD) experience in the country. In the attempt to summarize existing data, and experience on CDD, the focus remains on the various institutional approaches used by different programs. These include a wide spectrum from government and non-government, including a look at the enabling legal, and administrative environment for community mobilization, and civic engagement. Initially, the report provides a background, and introduction to the study, and in analyzing the CDD, aims to inform the Government's the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper process, and the Bank's Country Assistance Strategy. It then reviews major policies which had impacted the present socioeconomic circumstances...

Linking Participatory Poverty Assessments to Policy and Policymaking : Experience from Vietnam

Turk, Carrie
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
The year 1999 was important for poverty-related research, and policy development in Vietnam. The General Statistics Office had collected household data in the second Vietnam Living Standards Survey in 1998, and made it available for analysis in 1999. And four participatory poverty assessments (PPAs) were implemented during 1999. The author's case study describes how government agencies, donors, and nongovernmental organizations collaborated in implementing the PPAs. The considerable amount of qualitative information about poverty produced in Vietnam over the past eight to ten years has rarely grabbed the attention of policymakers, who tend to view such information as "unscientific" and lacking in credibility. By contrast, the PPAs implemented in 1999 have been widely circulated, used, and quoted. What was different about those PPAs that led their findings to be brought into local, and national policy debates, as previous findings had not been? Working partnerships among donors, and nongovernmental organizations were important...

Lessons from Uganda on Strategies to Fight Poverty

Mackinnon, John; Reinikka, Ritva
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.24%
Countries receiving debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries initiative will be among the first to benefit from the new World Bank -- International Monetary Fund approach to strengthening the impact on poverty of concessional assistance in low-income countries. The new approach features a more inclusive and participatory process for helping recipient countries develop poverty reduction strategies. From these strategies, joint Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) will bring together the country's own priorities and Bank-Fund assistance to the country. In Uganda, such a strategy has existed for several years. Uganda was one of the first low-income countries to prepare a comprehensive national strategy for poverty reduction using a participatory approach. Indeed, its experience contributed substantially to the design of the PRSPs. Uganda's top leadership is heavily committed to poverty reduction. Formulation of Uganda's Poverty Eradication Action Plan (PEAP) in 1996-97 was the executive branch's effort to make that commitment and vision operational. The authors draw lessons from the drafting of Uganda's PEAP. First, the plan made extensive use of existing data and research about Uganda to refocus a range of public policies and interventions relevant to poverty reduction. Second...

Participation in Poverty Assessments

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
The Bank ' s approach to country poverty assessments (PAs) is increasingly stressing the involvement of stakeholder groups, with the aim of building in-country capacity to address the problems of the poor. The participation of government and other institutional stakeholders in all aspects of the work increases sensitivity to poverty issues, enhances analytical skills, and builds allegiance to the measures proposed for poverty reduction. In addition, conventional statistical analysis is complemented by qualitative information from participatory social assessments, known as " PPAs, " which reveal the concerns voiced by the poor. Some early lessons for task managers have already emerged from this experience.

Public Consultation in Environmental Assessments 1997-2000 : Findings from the Third Environmental Assessment Review

Rukuba-Ngaiza, Nightingale; Lubis, Rusdian; Cullen, Michelle; Zongmin Li; Mausolff, Christopher
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.36%
According to internal and external reviews of the public consultation process, public consultations have increasingly become a standard part of the environmental assessment process in Bank operations. However, the current challenge for Bank operations focuses on the quality of public consultations and the extent to which they influence project design and effect project impact. In an attempt to evaluate how projects were meeting this challenge, the Third Review assessed whether qualitative and quantitative improvements in EA public consultations had taken place for Category A and B Bank-financed projects (A project is classified as Category A if it is "likely to have significant adverse environmental impacts that are sensitive, diverse or unprecedented." On the other hand, a project is classified as Category B if it will not have significantly adverse impacts on human populations or environmentally important areas including wetlands, forests, grasslands, and other natural habitats.) In order to provide guidance for improving public consultation in future EA processes...

Beneficiary Assessment for Monitoring : The Zambia Social Recovery Project

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
Zambia's Social Recovery Fund promotes community-driven infrastructure rehabilitation through microprojects aimed at cushioning vulnerable groups against the negative effects of adjustment. The fund was formed in 1991 as part of the Social Recovery Project, which was designed to build the capacity of local communities and governments to plan, implement, and manage community investments. Since 1992, the fund has used beneficiary assessments to ensure that funded microprojects target the poor (by allowing the poor to set priorities for the fund's support) and improve overall project performance. Originally a monitoring exercise, beneficiary assessments have become a valuable tool for fostering community participation and building in-country capacity in social assessment methodologies.

A participação das famílias no processo de avaliação institucional participativa na educação infantil; Participation of families in the process of participatory institutional assessment in early childhood education

Ana Paula Carra Tuschi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/08/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.4%
Este é um estudo qualitativo que busca entender a participação das famílias no processo de construção da Avaliação Institucional Participativa (AIP) em um Centro de Educação Infantil (CEI) de Campinas-SP. A referida unidade iniciou em 2010 uma experiência de AIP/CPA (Comissão Própria de Avaliação) e teve muita dificuldade em atrair os familiares para as reuniões, fato que fez surgir as vontades desta pesquisa: descrever e analisar a participação das famílias no processo de construção da Avaliação Institucional Participativa na Educação Infantil. Essa vontade foi embasada por alguns questionamentos como: as famílias foram chamadas a participar da construção da AIP? Elas puderam participar/opinar na organização espaço-temporal desse movimento? E na definição das temáticas trabalhadas? A forma como a AIP foi sendo construída permitiu ou estimulou a representação das famílias? Que estratégias foram criadas para a participação das famílias nesse processo? A AIP se constituiu com um espaço de envolvimento? Ela refletiu as necessidades das famílias? É importante para o CEI contar com a representatividade das famílias na AIP? O que fez com que a família participasse/participe? Assim, optou-se pelo estudo de caso por se tratar de identificar e interpretar dados reais...