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Effect of different attractants used in Olipe traps for olive fly mass-trapping on parasitoids in the Northeast of Portugal.

Porcel, M.; Bento, Albino; Campos, M.; Pereira, J.A.
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
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37.13%
The hymenoptera parasitoids represent and important beneficial group in olive agroecosystem. Their action maintains certain olive pest species numbers lower than the economic threshold. In this can text, to improve their activity and increase the sustainability of the olive agroecosystem it is necessary to know the negative effect of different agronomic practices in their populations. In ecological production, mass-trapping is an important control method against the olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae Gmel., the most serious pest of olives in the Mediterranean countries. The aim of the present work was to study the effect on parasitoids of different attractants used combined with Olipe traps.

Phylogeography of Chelonus insularis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and Campoletis sonorensis (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), Two Primary Neotropical Parasitoids of the Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

JOURDIE, Violaine; VIRLA, Eduardo; MURILLO, Henry; BENTO, Jose Mauricio S.; TURLINGS, Ted C.; ALVAREZ, Nadir
Fonte: ENTOMOLOGICAL SOC AMER Publicador: ENTOMOLOGICAL SOC AMER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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In a previous study, we observed no spatial genetic structure in Mexican populations of the parasitoids Chelonus insularis Cresson (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and Campoletis sonorensis Cameron (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) by using microsatellite markers In the current study, we Investigated whether for these important parasitoids of the fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) there is any genetic structure at a larger scale Insects of both species were collected across the American continent and their phylogeography was Investigated using both nuclear and mitochondria] markers Our results suggest an ancient north-south migration of C insularis, whereas no clear pattern] could be determined for C sonorensis. Nonetheless, the resulting topology indicated the existence of a cryptic taxon within this later species. a few Canadian specimens determined as C. sonorensis branch outside a clack composed of the Argentinean Chelonus grioti Blanchard, the Brazilian Chelonus flavicincta Ashmead, and the rest of the C sonorensis individuals The individuals revealing the cryptic taxon were collected from Thichoplusia in (Hubner) (Lepidoptera. Noctuidae) on tomato (Lycopersicon spp) and may represent a biotype that has adapted to the early season phenology of its host. Overall...

Interação tritrófica entre Pachymerus cardo (Fahraeus), Pachymerus nucleorum (Fabricius) (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Bruchinae) e seus parasitoides em populações de Syagrus romanzoffiana (Cham.) Glassman (Arecaceae); Interaction tritrophic Pachymerus cardo (Fahraeus), Pachymerus nucleorum (Fabricius) (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Bruchinae) and their parasitoids in population Syagrus romanzoffiana (Cham.) Glassman (Arecaceae)

Danielle de Paula Maia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/10/2013 PT
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A dinâmica populacional de plantas é fortemente influenciada pela dispersão das sementes. A predação desses propágulos ocasiona significativa redução de sementes viáveis, podendo diminuir a população dessa planta. Besouros da subfamília Bruchinae (Chrysomelidae), antigamente conhecidos como bruquídeos, são um grupo de insetos predadores de sementes que atacam principalmente frutos de palmeiras (Família Arecaceae), podendo por sua vez, suas larvas serem atacadas por vespas parasitoides. Neste trabalho aprofundaram-se os estudos das interações tri-tróficas entre a palmeira Syagrus romanzzofiana, besouros da subfamília Bruchinae (Pachymerinae), como herbívoros predadores de suas sementes, e uma espécie de parasitoide Heterospilus prosopodis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), como terceiro nível trófico. A área de estudo foi a Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo. Durante vinte e quatro meses foram acompanhadas quarenta palmeiras mensalmente, sendo registradas observações pontuais sobre a fenologia. No mesmo período, frutos maduros recém-caídos do cacho eram coletados para posteriormente serem acondicionados em gaiolas, que eram dispostas ao nível do solo, para mensurar o ataque dos besouros e seus parasitoides. A produção de flores...

Estudo das interações tritróficas no sistema Trichogoniopsis adenantha (Asteraceae), seus herbívoros endófagos e parasitoides associados; Study of tritrophic interactions in Trichogoniopsis adenantha (Asteraceae) system, their endophagous herbivores and parasitoids associated

Gabriela Cristina Gomes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/02/2014 PT
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37.49%
Em comunidades, as relações tróficas entre os organismos raramente são lineares, sendo comum uma extensiva rede de interações. Em sistemas envolvendo três níveis tróficos, tais como plantas, herbívoros e predadores/parasitoides, pode ser desencadeada uma cascata trófica de cima para baixo, com efeitos positivos indiretos do terceiro nível trófico na população dos produtores, ou uma cascata de baixo para cima através dos produtores, influenciando os níveis tróficos superiores. Os capítulos de Compostas (plantas da Família Asteraceae), constituem "ecossistemas em miniatura", com diversas interações tritróficas, i.e. proteção a herbívoros endófagos, sujeitos à predação e parasitismo especializado. Por serem componentes importantes em sistemas tróficos complexos do qual pouco se conhece, fez-se necessário a investigação das interações tritróficas entre Trichogoniopsis adenantha, herbívoros endófagos de capítulos e parasitoides associados. Este estudo foi desenvolvido na Serra do Japi, Jundiaí-SP, onde foi feita a coleta mensal de dados da fenologia de T. adenantha, coleta de capítulos para contagem e classificação de herbívoros endófagos e parasitoides, análise das taxas de ataque, análise da dinâmica populacional de cada componente do sistema...

Estrutura da comunidade de moscas-das-frutas (Diptera: Lonchaeidae e Tephritidae) e seus parasitoides (Hymenoptera) relacionados a espécies de plantas em uma policultura orgânica no município de Paraibuna - SP; Community structure of the fruit-fly (Diptera: Tephritidae and Lonchaeidae) and their parasitoids (Hymenoptera) related to plants species in organic polyculture in the municipality of Paraibuna - SP

Kelsen Ferreira Freitas
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/08/2014 PT
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37.44%
As espécies de plantas disponíveis em uma comunidade, sua estrutura e abundância são elementos cruciais que influenciam nas dinâmicas e interações de populações de insetos herbívoros, uma vez que definem a base de recursos e refletem na interação com outras populações de insetos herbívoros, como predadores e parasitoides. Estudos relacionados às moscas-das-frutas concentram-se em levantamentos de espécies, em especial aquelas consideradas pragas, e abordam principalmente os padrões populacionais. A densidade populacional de tefritídeos e lonqueídeos está intimamente ligada à abundância de plantas hospedeiras e de seus inimigos naturais. Os parasitoides das moscas-das-frutas são micro-himenópteros (Hymenoptera) que atacam e se alimentam das larvas dentro dos frutos. O reconhecimento de padrões de interação das moscas-das-frutas com plantas hospedeiras, em especial nas espécies nativas, e as relações com seus inimigos naturais são importantes para a compreensão da utilização dos recursos disponíveis em uma comunidade e pelo reconhecimento de diferenças na dieta entre as espécies ou populações de uma mesma espécie. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a estrutura da comunidade de moscas-das-frutas e seus parasitoides em diferentes espécies de plantas em uma policultura orgânica entre fragmentos de Mata Atlântica localizada no município de Paraibuna. A utilização de plantas hospedeiras difere entre as espécies de moscas-das-frutas. Apesar de a policultura causar alterações da fisionomia vegetal...

Parasitoids from Azores (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae, Pteromalidae, Braconidae): potential use in integrated pest management against Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae).

Oliveira, Luísa; Medeiros, Aida; Vicente Falcó, José; Beitia, Francisco; Verdú, Maria Jesús; Garcia, Patrícia
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Publicador: Taylor & Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2008 ENG
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Copyright © 2008 Taylor & Francis Ltd.; Two hymenopterous parasitoids, Halticoptera patellana and Toxeumorpha nigricola, were recovered from Mediterranean fruit fly pupae on São Miguel Island, Azores. Both are new records for the Azores, and as Medfly parasitoids. Field-collected Tachinaephagus zealandicus was maintained on Medfly for 10 generations, but if it has potential as a biocontrol agent remains an open question.

Exposure of a single host (Chrysomya megacephala) (Calliphoridae) to different quantities of female parasitoids (Nasonia vitripennis) (Pteromalidae)

Mello,Renata S.; Borja,Gonzalo E. Moya; Aguiar-Coelho,Valéria M.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira De Entomologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira De Entomologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 EN
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The aim of this study was to verify the duration of the development period, number of parasitoids produced per pupa, parasitism rate and sex ratio of Nasonia vitripennis (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae), when they were exposed to a single host: Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera, Calliphoridae). One pupa was exposed in glass tubes to different numbers of female parasitoids (1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11) during 48 h. Twenty replications/treatment were used, under controlled conditions (T= 27 °C day/ 25 °C night, 60 ± 10% RH). Statistical analysis of the data was made using the ANOVA test and the "a posteriori" comparisons were made using the Tukey-HSD test (both tests with a significance level of 5%). The duration of the development period was longer in treatments where a higher density of females per host was used. When five females per host were used, the mean number of parasitoids that emerged per pupa was higher. The data showed a tendency to a decrease in the amount of parasitoids emerged per host, especially of female, when used high quantities of female per host. Higher parasitism rates were observed in the 3:1 and 5:1 treatments and an increase in the percentage of unviable pupae was observed, probably due to an increase of female densities in the treatments...

Parasitoids of Phyllocnistis citrella in Jaguariúna, state of São Paulo, Brazil, before and after the introduction of Ageniaspis citricola

Sá,Luiz Alexandre Nogueira de; Costa,Valmir Antonio; Oliveira,Wagner Portes de; Almeida,Gilberto Ribeiro de
Fonte: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz" Publicador: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz"
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2000 EN
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The citrus leafminer, Phyllocnistis citrella (Gracillariidae), is among the main pests of citrus in Brazil. The objective of this work was to conduct a survey of parasitoids attacking CLM in Jaguariúna, State of São Paulo, Brazil, before and after the introduction of Ageniaspis citricola (Encyrtidae). Collections of new leaves were made weekly at citrus groves from July-1997 to April-1999. During the survey period, A. citricola was introduced in the area. Before this introduction, Galeopsomyia fausta (Eulophidae) was the predominant species (about 91.83% of the species composition), but A. citricola became predominant after its establishment (60.10% against 38.30% G. fausta). Other parasitoids found were Cirrospilus sp. C (Eulophidae), Horismenus sp. (Eulophidae), Elasmus sp. (Elasmidae), Eupelmus sp. (Eupelmidae) and Conura (Ceratosmicra) sp. (Chalcididae).

RAPD analysis revealing polymorphism in egg parasitoids of soybean stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)

Aljanabi,Salah M.; Loiácono,Marta S.; Lourenço,Rodrigo T.; Borges,Miguel; Tigano,Myrian S.
Fonte: Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil Publicador: Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/1998 EN
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The solitary egg parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) of Pentatomidae species complex are potential candidates for soybean (Glycine max L.) integrated pest management programs in Brazil. The correct identification of species and strains of these parasitoids is necessary to implement the use of biological control. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to generate random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD) from male individuals of Telenomus podisi Ashmead and Trissolcus spp. collected in a soybean field in Brasília, Brazil in 1996. The analysis of 18 primers used to screen Trissolcus spp. individuals revealed different patterns related to the species analyzed. These results indicate the potential of RAPD markers to differentiate T. teretis Johnson, T. urichi Crawford and T. basalis (Wollaston). The 13 selected primers used to analyze T. podisi individuals produced 103 clear polymorphic scorable markers. Different genotypes were observed within this population analyzed, although the cluster analysis applied to the RAPD data showed high homogeneity (similarity >78.2%) among individuals.

Competition between Catolaccus grandis (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) and Bracon vulgaris (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), parasitoids of the Boll Weevil

Ramalho,Francisco de Sousa; Silva,Ana Maria Camêlo da; Zanuncio,José Cola; Serrão,José Eduardo
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2007 EN
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The competition between populations of the parasitoids C. grandis and B. vulgaris was studied using larvae of Euscepes postfasciatus (Fairmaire) as an alternative host. A series of biological parameters was observed and related to the competitive abilities of both parasitoid species. They were capable of colonizing and maintaining their populations regardless of host location. The population growth of C. grandis and B. vulgaris, based on fecundity was not affected by the competition. The parasitism and survivorship to the adult stage were affected by competition, except when the host was located at the bottom of the rearing cage. C. grandis performed better than B. vulgaris independently of the competition and host location, but it did not exclude the other species.

The spatial distribution of Hymenoptera parasitoids in a forest reserve in Central Amazonia, Manaus, AM, Brazil

Querino,RB.; Couceiro,SRM.; Queiroz,LO.; Penteado-Dias,AM.
Fonte: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia Publicador: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2011 EN
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Parasitoids are of great importance to forest ecosystems due to their ecological role in the regulation of the population of other insects. The species richness and abundance of parasitoids in the forest canopy and understory, both on the borders and in the interior of a tropical forest reserve in Central Amazonia were investigated. For a 12-month period, specimen collections were made every 15 days from suspended traps placed in the forest canopy and in the understory strata, both on the border and in the interior of forest areas. A total of 12,835 Hymenoptera parasitoids from 23 families were acquired. Braconidae, Diapriidae, Mymaridae, Eulophidae, and Scelionidae were the most represented in the area and strata samples. The results indicate that there were no significant differences in the species richness or abundance of Hymenoptera between the forest borders and the inner forest. The data does show that the presence of Hymenoptera is significantly greater in the understory in both the border and interior areas than in the canopy (vertical stratification). Aphelinidae and Ceraphronidae were significantly associated with the inner forest, while the other seven families with the border of the reserve. The abundance of Hymenoptera parasitoids presented seasonal variations during the year related to the rainy and dry seasons.

Species Composition and Diversity of Parasitoids and Hyper-Parasitoids in Different Wheat Agro-Farming Systems

Zhao, Zi-hua; Liu, Jun-He; He, Da-Han; Guan, Xiao-qin; Liu, Wen-Hui
Fonte: University of Wisconsin Library Publicador: University of Wisconsin Library
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/12/2013 EN
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27.57%
Insect communities depend on both their local environment and features of the surrounding habitats. Diverse plant communities may enhance the abundance and species diversity of local natural enemies, which is possible due to a higher abundance and species diversity in complex landscapes. This hypothesis was tested using cereal aphid parasitoids and hyper-parasitoids by comparing 18 spring wheat fields, Triticum aestivum L. (Poales: Poaceae), in structurally-complex landscapes (dominated by semi-natural habitat, > 50%, n = 9) and structurally-simple landscapes dominated by arable landscape (dominated by crop land, > 80%, n = 9). The agricultural landscape structure had significant effects on the number of parasitoid and hyper-parasitoid species, as 26 species (17 parasitoids and 9 hyper-parasitoids) were found in the complex landscapes and 21 were found in the simple landscapes (14 parasitoids and 7 hyper-parasitoids). Twenty-one species occurred in both landscape types, including 14 parasitoids and 7 hyper-parasitoids species. The species diversity of parasitoids and hyper-parasitoids were significantly different between the complex and simple landscapes. In addition, arable fields in structurally-simple agricultural landscapes with little semi-natural habitats could support a lower diversity of cereal aphid parasitoids and hyper-parasitoids than structurally-complex landscapes. These findings suggest that cereal aphid parasitoids and hyper-parasitoids need to find necessary resources in structurally-complex landscapes...

Laboratory Methods for Rearing Spotted Tentiform Leafminer (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) and Two of Its Parasitoids

Ridgway, Nino M.; Mahr, Daniel L.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
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Methods are described for rearing spotted tentiform leafminer, Phyllonorycter Blancardella (F.) (Lepidoptera; Gracillariidae), and two of its parasitoids, Pholetesor ornigis (Weed) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and Sympiesis marylandensis Girault (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in the laboratory. One-year-old Malus domestica Borkh. ‘Mailing 7’ clonal rootstocks were grown in a greenhouse and then infested with leafminers. Trees were held at 23°C in a controlled-temperature chamber until larvae reached the desired stages for parasitoid oviposition. Time from leafminer oviposition to first, second, third, fourth, and fifth instar larva was 7, 10, 13, 15, and 18 d, respectively. Development time from oviposition to adult emergence was 28.3, 20.5, and 9.6 d for males of Phyllonorycter blancardella, Pholetesor ornigis, and S. marylandensis. Development time for females was 29.1,21.3, and 10.9 d, respectively.

Seasonal occurrence and abundance of diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), and its major parasitoids on brassicaceous plants in South Australia / by Bijan Hatami.

Hatami, Bijan
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 186350 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //1996 EN
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36.97%
Examines seasonal variation in population numbers of Diamondback moths, and estimates mortality, due to parasitoids, of larvae at different stages of development.; Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Adelaide, Dept. of Crop Protection, 1996; Bibliography: leaves 121-151.; xix, 151 leaves : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm.; Title page, contents and abstract only. The complete thesis in print form is available from the University Library.

Patch exploitation by the parasitoids of Plutella xylostella (L.): from individual behaviour to population dynamics / Xin-geng Wang.

Wang, Xin-geng
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 297105 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2001 EN
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36.97%
Investigates the behaviour and ecology of the two major larval parasitoids of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella; Cotesia plutellae and Diadegma semiclausum.; Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Adelaide, Dept. of Applied and Molecular Ecology, 2001; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 204-230).; xvi, 230 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.; Title page, contents and abstract only. The complete thesis in print form is available from the University Library.

A comparison of the host-searching efficiency of two larval parasitoids of Plutella xylostella

Wang, X.; Keller, M.
Fonte: Blackwell Science Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Science Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 EN
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37.4%
1. A host specialist parasitoid is thought to have greater efficiency in locating hosts or greater ability to overcome host defence than a generalist species. This leads to the prediction that a specialist should locate and parasitise more hosts than a generalist in a given arena. The work reported here tested these predictions by comparing the host-searching behaviour of Diadegma semiclausum (a specialist) and Cotesia plutellae (an oligophagous species), two parasitoids of larval Plutella xylostella. 2. Both parasitoids employed antennal search and ovipositor search when seeking hosts but D. semiclausum also seemed to use visual perception in the immediate vicinity of hosts. 3. Larvae of P. xylostella avoided detection by parasitoids by moving away from damaged plant parts after short feeding bouts. When they encountered parasitoids, the larvae wriggled vigorously as they retreated and often hung from silk threads after dropping from a plant. 4. These two parasitoids differed in their responses to host defences. Diadegma semiclausum displayed a wide-area search around feeding damage and waited near the silk thread for a suspended host to climb up to the leaf, then attacked it again. Cotesia plutellae displayed an area-restricted search and usually pursued the host down the silk thread onto the ground. 5. Diadegma semiclausum showed a relatively ®xed behavioural pattern leading to oviposition but C. plutellae exhibited a more plastic behavioural pattern. 6. The time spent by the two parasitoids on different plants increased with increasing host density...

Parasitoids of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick, 1917) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) collected on tomato plants in Lavras, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

Marchiori,C. H.; Silva,C. G.; Lobo,A. P.
Fonte: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia Publicador: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2004 EN
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The objective of this paper was to report on the occurrence of parasitoids of Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) on tomato plants, under greenhouse conditions, in Lavras County (21º14'43"S; 44º59'59"W), State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, from August 2001 to February 2002. Three groups of parasitoids were collected: 21 specimens of Bracon sp. (Braconidae), one specimen of Earinus sp. (Braconidae), and 13 specimens of Conura sp. (Chalcididae). The rate of parasitism for the three species was 4.2%, 0.2%, and 2.6%, respectively. This is the first reported occurrence of Earinus sp. parasitizing Tuta absoluta in Brazil.

Microhimenópteros parasitóides de Chrysomya megacephala; Microhimenopteran parasitoids of Chrysomya megacephala found in Brazil

Carvalho, Alessandra Ribeiro de; Mello, Rubens Pinto de; d'Almeida, José Mário
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2003 POR
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The study was carried out with the purpose of identifying the main parasitoids of Chrysomya megacephala in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, given the importance of these flies as vectors of pathogenic agents in the urban environment. Samplings were conducted every week from August 1999 to July 2000. The substrate used to grow fly pupae and to trap parasitoids was decomposing meat. It was identified three species of microhimenopterans: Tachinaephagus zealandicus (Encyrtidae), Pachycrepoideus vindemiae (Pteromalidae) and Nasonia vitripennis (Pteromalidae). Further analysis will be performed in order to show the potential of these insects as agents in biological control programs.; O objetivo do estudo foi levantar os principais parasitóides de Chrysomya megacephala, na cidade do Rio de Janeiro, RJ, devido a importância dessa mosca como vetor de patógenos para o ambiente urbano. As coletas foram realizadas semanalmente, no período de agosto de 1999 a julho de 2000, por meio da exposição de larvas e pupas da mosca em carne putrefata. Foram identificadas três espécies de microhimenópteros no local: Tachinaephagus zealandicus (Encyrtidae), Pachycrepoideus vindemiae (Pteromalidae) e Nasonia vitripennis (Pteromalidae), cujos testes posteriores poderão mostrar seu potencial para utilização em futuros programas de controle.

The sublethal effects of a systemic insecticide on the vine mealybug parasitoids Anagyrus sp. near pseudococci (Girault) and Coccidoxenoides perminutus (Timberlake) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae)

Mgocheki,N.; Addison,P.
Fonte: South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture Publicador: South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
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37.13%
Imidacloprid is a systemic insecticide used for the control of the vine mealybug Planococcus ficus. However, biological control of P. ficus is the primary alternate management method recommended for the integrated control of this pest. We therefore aimed to establish the detrimental effects on the development of Anagyrus. sp. near pseudococci and Coccidoxenoides perminutus feeding on imidacloprid-contaminated vine mealybugs as indicated by the subsequent emergence and survival of the F1generation. The results imply that A. sp. near pseudococci and C. perminutus were equally susceptible to imidacloprid, based on probit analysis. However, survival was significantly different between the control and insecticide treatment for C. perminutus (χ2 = 23.80; d.f. = 3; p < 0.001), but not for A. sp. near pseudococci (χ2 = 5.07; d.f. = 3; p = 0.17). As this study was laboratory based, the effect of imidacloprid on populations of parasitoids in the field should be assessed further. Treatment recommendations to minimise the impact on parasitoids are discussed briefly.

Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) parasitoids of the corn leafhopper, Dalbulus maidis (Delong & Wolcott) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), in Argentina, with description of the male of Gonatopus moyaraygozai Olmi

Virla,Eduardo G; Olmi,Massimo
Fonte: ASOCIACIÓN INTERCIENCIA Publicador: ASOCIACIÓN INTERCIENCIA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2007 EN
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The parasitoids of the Corn Leafhopper, Dalbulus maidis (DeLong & Wolcott) (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha) were studied in Tucumán Province, Argentina. Leafhoppers parasitized by Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) were collected in cornfields from Dec 2003 to Apr 2005. Dryinid adults belonging to three species, Gonatopus caraibicus (Olmi), Gonatopus contortus Olmi, and G. moyaraygozai Olmi, were obtained. G. moyaraygozai is quoted for the first time in Argentina, and the male is described for the first time. This contribution presents the first field host-association record for G. caraibicus and D. maidis; in addition, G. contortus, and G. moyaraygozai are cited for the first time attacking Corn Leafhopper populations. Data on the parasitization rate by G. moyaraygozai are given.