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The impact of stress and anxiety on the pressure pain threshold of myofascial pain patients

VEDOLIN, G. M.; LOBATO, V. V.; CONTI, P. C. R.; LAURIS, J. R. P.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of stress and anxiety on the pressure pain threshold (PPT) of masticatory muscles and on the subjective pain report. Forty-five women, students, with mean age of 19.75 years, were divided into two groups: group 1:29 presenting with masticatory myofascial pain (MFP), according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders and group 2: 16 asymptomatic controls. An electronic algometer registered the pain thresholds on four different occasions throughout the academic year. To measure levels of stress, anxiety and pain, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, Lipp Stress Symptoms Inventory and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) were used. Three-way anova and Tukey`s tests were used to verify differences in PPT between groups, times and sites. Levels of anxiety and VAS were compared using Mann-Whitney test, while Friedman`s test was used for the within-groups comparison at different times (T1 to T4). The chi-squared and Cochran tests were performed to compare groups for the proportion of subjects with stress (alpha = 0.05). Differences in PPT recordings between time (P = 0.001) and sites (P < 0.001) were detected. Higher levels of anxiety and lower PPT figures were detected at T2 (academic examination) (P = 0.001). There was no difference between groups for anxiety and stress at any time (P > 0.05). The MFP group also has shown significant increase of VAS at the time of academic examination (P < 0.001). External stressors such as academic examinations have a potential impact on masticatory muscle tenderness...

PAIN IN FIBROMYALGIA AND DISCRIMINATIVE POWER OF THE INSTRUMENTS: VISUAL ANALOG SCALE, DOLORIMETRY AND THE MCGILL PAIN QUESTIONNAIRE

MARQUES, Amelia Pasqual; ASSUMPCAO, Ana; MATSUTANI, Luciana A.; PEREIRA, Carlos A. Braganca; LAGE, Lais
Fonte: MEDFARMA-EDICOES MEDICAS, LDA Publicador: MEDFARMA-EDICOES MEDICAS, LDA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.26%
Objective: The aim of this study was to verify the discriminative power of the most widely used pain assessment instruments. Methods: The sample consisted of 279 subjects divided into Fibromyalgia Group (FM- 205 patients with fibromyalgia) and Control Group (CG-74 healthy subjects), mean age 49.29 +/- 10.76 years. Only 9 subjects were male, 6 in FM and 3 in CG. FM were outpatients from the Rheumatology Clinic of the University of Sao Paulo - Hospital das Clinicas (HCFMUSP); the CG included people accompanying patients and hospital staff with similar socio-demographic characteristics. Three instruments were used to assess pain: the McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ), the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and the Dolorimetry, to measure pain threshold on tender points (generating the TP index). In order to assess the discriminative power of the instruments, the measurements obtained were submitted to descriptive analysis and inferential analysis using ROC Curve - sensibility (S), specificity (S I) and area under the curve (AUC) - and Contingence tables with Chi-square Test and odds ratio. Significance level was 0.05. Results: Higher sensibility, specificity and area under the curve was obtained by VAS (80%, 80% and 0.864, respectively), followed by Dolorimetry (S 77%...

Influence of myofascial pain on the pressure pain threshold of masticatory muscles in women with migraine

Pinto, Livia Maria Sales; Carvalho, João José Freitas de; Cunha, Carolina Ortigosa; Silva, Rafael dos Santos; Fiamengui Filho, Jorge Francisco; Conti, Paulo Cesar Rodrigues
Fonte: Lippincott Willians & Wilkins; Philadelphia Publicador: Lippincott Willians & Wilkins; Philadelphia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
Objective: To evaluate the influence of myofascial pain on the Pressure Pain Threshold (PPT) of masticatory muscles in women with migraine. Methods: The sample comprised 101 women, ages ranging from 18 to 60 years, with an episodic migraine diagnosis previously confirmed by a neurologist. All patients were evaluated using Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders to determine the presence of myofascial pain and were divided into 2 groups: group I (n=56), comprising women with a migraine, and group II (n=45), comprising women with a migraine and myofascial pain. Two more groups (49 asymptomatic women and 50 women with myofascial pain), matched for sex and race, obtained from a previous study, were added to this study. The PPT values of masseter and temporalis (anterior, middle, and posterior regions) muscles were recorded bilaterally using a pressure algometer. One-way analysis of variance and the Tukey test for pairwise comparisons were used in statistical analysis with a 5% significance level. Results: We found that all groups had significantly lower PPT values compared with asymptomatic women, with lower values seen in group II (women with migraine and myofascial pain). Women with a migraine and myofascial pain showed significantly lower PPT values compared with women with a migraine only...

Associação entre bruxismo do sono e dor miofascial: um estudo polissonográfico; Association Between Sleep Bruxism and Myofascial Pain: a Polysomnographic Study.

Rossetti, Leylha Maria Nunes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/08/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
Objetivos: Verificar 1) a presença de associação entre bruxismo do sono (BS) e dor miofascial (DMF); 2) se há correlação entre atividade rítmica dos músculos mastigatórios (ARMM) e os valores de limiar de dor à pressão matinais (LDP-pósPSG); 3) se maiores níveis de dor ou sensibilidade à palpação correlacionam-se com menores índices de ARMM em bruxômanos e não bruxômanos com e sem DMF e 4) avaliar a confiabilidade do exame clínico de bruxismo (ECB) Material e Métodos: Realizaram-se exame PSG (2 noites consecutivas) e ECB em 30 pacientes com DMF e 30 indivíduos assintomáticos, correspondentes em sexo e em idade. Previamente à PSG (2a noite) verificou-se o LDP (pré- PSG) da origem, corpo, inserção e porção profunda do masseter e porções anterior, média e posterior do temporal. Na manhã seguinte, verificou-se o LDP pós-PSG nos mesmos sítios musculares. Resultados: Todos os pacientes com DMF apresentaram queixa de dor nos músculos mastigatórios (temporal e/ou masseter), 90% relataram dor leve ou moderada, com duração média de 34,67 ± 36,96 meses (2 a 120). Não houve diferenças entre os grupos quanto à macroestrutura do sono. Houve associação significativa entre BS e DMF [(Quiquadrado, p = 0...

Influência do ciclo menstrual nas alterações de limiar de dor à pressão (LDP) na musculatura mastigatória de mulheres com sinais e sintomas de disfunção temporomandibular; Influence of the menstrual cycle on the pressure pain threshold (PPT) of masticatory muscles in women with myofascial pain (RDC/TMD)

Lobato, Valeria Vignolo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/03/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.28%
O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a influência do ciclo menstrual nas alterações de limiar de dor à pressão (LDP) na musculatura mastigatória de mulheres com sinais e sintomas de Disfunção Temporomandibular (DTM). Inicialmente 47 voluntárias entre 18 e 40 anos participaram do estudo, das quais 36 foram incluídas no experimento: 15 com sinais e sintomas de DTM (7 sob terapia com contraceptivos orais (CO) e 8 sem CO) e 21 saudáveis, sem sinais e/ou sintomas de DTM (8 com CO e 13 sem CO). Os LDPs dos músculos masseter e temporais (anterior, médio e posterior), e do tendão de Aquiles foram medidos bilateralmente, por meio de um algômetro, durante 2 ciclos menstruais consecutivos, nas 4 diferentes fases: menstrual (dias 1-3), folicular (dias 5-9), periovulatória (dias 12-16) e lútea (dias 19-23). Em cada fase do ciclo, as voluntárias relataram sua dor em uma Escala de Análise Visual (EVA). Os resultados foram submetidos à análise de variância a 3 critérios para mensurações repetidas, a um nível de significância de 5%.Foram encontrados LDPs significativamente menores nos músculos temporal e masseter e no tendão de Aquiles das mulheres com DTM quando comparado às mulheres assintomáticas, independentemente da fase do ciclo e do uso de contraceptivos (p < 0...

Determinação do Limiar de Dor à Pressão (LDP) da Articulação Temporomandibular (ATM) ideal para determinação diagnóstica de artralgia: um estudo baseado em algometria e ressonância magnética; Determination of the proper Pressure Pain Threshold (PPT) for the diagnosis of Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) arthralgia: a magnetic ressonance and algometer - based study

Cunha, Carolina Ortigosa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/04/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
A Articulação Temporomandibular (ATM) pode ser acometida por inúmeros distúrbios articulares sendo os mais comuns os distúrbios de desarranjo do disco e os distúrbios inflamatórios. Um sinal clínico importante nesses casos é a sensibilidade dolorosa à palpação digital ou por mensuração do Limiar de Dor à Pressão (LDP), determinado com o uso de um instrumento denominado algômetro. O presente trabalho tem o objetivo de determinar qual o valor de LDP que melhor diferencie ATMs saudáveis daquelas acometidas por distúrbios inflamatórios e dolorosos. Ainda propõem-se a determinar se há diferenças entre o LDP de ATMs saudáveis e ATMs com deslocamento de disco com redução (DDCR) assintomáticos. Para isso, foi utilizada uma amostra de 60 indivíduos de ambos os gêneros com idade entre 18 e 50 anos, avaliados pelos critérios do Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) e divididos em três grupos: 20 indivíduos com diagnóstico clínico de artralgia da ATM (com ou sem deslocamento de disco para anterior, 20 indivíduos com diagnóstico clínico de DDCR (assintomáticos) e 20 indivíduos sem dores ou ruídos na ATM (grupo controle). Toda a amostra foi submetida a exame de ressonância magnética para análise da posição do disco para confirmar o exame físico e validar os critérios de inclusão (RDC/TMD) para formação dos grupos. Foram realizados exames de algometria sobre o pólo lateral das ATMs...

Avaliação somatossensorial do sistema trigeminal em condições dolorosas crônicas: testes quantitativos sensoriais e limiar de percepção atual; Trigeminal system somatosensory evaluation in chronic pain patients: quantitative sensory tests and current perception threshold

Sydney, Priscila Brenner Hilgenberg
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/05/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.48%
A dor crônica envolve complexos processos de gênese e condução neural e é decorrente da ativação de mecanismos periféricos e centrais de manutenção. Muitos pacientes crônicos são refratários aos diferentes tipos de tratamento propostos, o que gera a suspeita de que de alguma maneira estes não estão sendo totalmente eficazes. O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar os mecanismos de condução, manutenção e modulação da dor em diferentes condições dolorosas crônicas. Foram avaliadas 92 mulheres, divididas em 5 grupos: Grupo I, 20 pacientes com Dor Miofascial da musculatura mastigatória; Grupo II, 20 pacientes com Fibromialgia; Grupo III, 20 pacientes com Cefaleia Crônica Diária; Grupo IV, 12 pacientes com Neuralgia Trigeminal e Grupo V, 20 pacientes saudáveis assintomáticas. Foram aplicados dois questionários, o IDATE e o OHIP-30, para mensuração do estado ansioso e da qualidade de vida relacionada a condição dolorosa diagnosticada, respectivamente. Todas as pacientes foram submetidas a Testes Quantitativos Sensoriais, como: Limiar de Dor à Pressão, Limiar de Detecção Mecânico, Limiar Doloroso Mecânico, Tolerância à Dor Isquêmica, Sensibilidade Dolorosa ao Frio, Sensação Pós-Estímulo e Controle da Modulação da Dor. Além disso...

Evaluation of low-level laser therapy effectiveness on the pain and masticatory performance of patients with myofascial pain

de Moraes Maia, Mila Leite; Ribeiro, Maria Amália Gonzaga; Maia, Luiz Guilherme Martins; Stuginski-Barbosa, Juliana; Costa, Yuri Martins; Porporatti, André Luís; Conti, Paulo César Rodrigues; Bonjardim, Leonardo Rigoldi
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1-7
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
This study investigated the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the masticatory performance (MP), pressure pain threshold (PPT), and pain intensity in patients with myofascial pain. Twenty-one subjects, with myofascial pain according to Research Diagnostic Criteria/temporomandibular dysfunction, were divided into laser group (n = 12) and placebo group (n = 9) to receive laser therapy (active or placebo) two times per week for 4 weeks. The measured variables were: (1) MP by analysis of the geometric mean diameter (GMD) of the chewed particles using Optocal test material, (2) PPT by a pressure algometer, and (3) pain intensity by the visual analog scale (VAS). Measurements of MP and PPT were obtained at three time points: baseline, at the end of treatment with low-level laser and 30 days after (follow-up). VAS was measured at the same times as above and weekly throughout the laser therapy. The Friedman test was used at a significance level of 5 % for data analysis. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Sergipe (CAAE: 0025.0.107.000-10). A reduction in the GMD of crushed particles (p < 0.01) and an increase in PPT (p < 0.05) were seen only in the laser group when comparing the baseline and end-of-treatment values. Both groups showed a decrease in pain intensity at the end of treatment. LLLT promoted an improvement in MP and PPT of the masticatory muscles. © 2012 Springer-Verlag London.

Comparison of pain threshold and duration of pain perception in men and women of different ages

Nazaré, Marília Soares Leonel De; Silva, José Adolfo Menezes Garcia; Navega, Marcelo Tavella; Fagnello-navega, Flávia Roberta
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 77-84
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Introduction Pain is a sensory and emotional experience that occurs with the presence of tissue injury, actual or potential. Pain is subjective, and its expression is primarily determined by the perceived intensity of the painful sensation, called the pain threshold. Objective To evaluate whether there are differences in pain threshold (LD) and time to pain perception (TPED) between the gender in different age groups and to analyze the correlation between age and pain threshold in each gender. Methods and procedures Participants were 60 volunteers divided into 6 groups (n = 10 each) according to gender and age (18–33, 34–49, and 50–64 years). The evaluation of perception and pain tolerance was performed by immersing the container with one hand in water at a temperature of 0 °C–2 °C; the latency to withdrawal of the hand from ice water was measured in seconds and was considered a measure of LD. The TPED was reported by each participant as the start time of the painful stimulus. Results We found differences between the LD for G1 (men aged between 18 and 33 years) and G2 (women aged 18 to 33 years) with greater LD for G1 (p = 0.0122) and greater LD for women (p = 0.0094); for other comparisons of LD and TPED...

Pressure pain threshold in the craniocervical muscles of women with episodic and chronic migraine: a controlled study

Grossi,Débora Bevilaqua; Chaves,Thais Cristina; Gonçalves,Maria Claudia; Moreira,Viviane Coimbra; Canonica,Alexandra Carolina; Florencio,Lidiane Lima; Bordini,Carlos Alberto; Speciali,José Geraldo; Bigal,Marcelo Eduardo
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the pressure pain threshold (PPT) of the craniocervical muscles in women with episodic migraine (EM) n=15 and chronic migraine (CM) n=14, and in healthy volunteers (C) n=15. METHOD: A blinded examiner obtained the PPT bilaterally, by pressure algometry, for the following muscles: frontalis, temporalis, masseter, trapezius and sternocleidomastoid. ANOVA (p<0.05) was used for statistical purposes. RESULTS: Contrasted to controls, individuals with EM had significantly decreased PPT values for frontal muscle (EM: 2.01±0.67 vs. C: 2.85±0.71), posterior temporalis bilaterally (right and left, respectively) (EM: 2.72±0.89 vs. C: 3.36±0.72 and EM: 2.60±1.00 vs. C: 3.35±0.85), upper trapezius bilaterally (EM: 2.69±1.00 vs. C: 3.49±0.83 and EM: 2.54±0.93 vs. C: 3.32±0.97) and women with CM: on frontal muscle bilaterally (CM: 2.16±0.52 vs. C: 2.79±0.71 and CM: 2.01±0.67 vs. C: 2.85±0.71) and upper trapezius (CM: 2.66±0.84 vs. C: 3.32±0.97), however, it was not verified differences between PPT values between EM and CM groups. CONCLUSION: PPT is decreased in women with migraine relative to controls. Future studies should explore this parameter as a biological marker of the disease and a predictor of treatment.

Comparison of pain threshold and duration of pain perception in men and women of different ages

Nazaré,Marília Soares Leonel de; Silva,José Adolfo Menezes Garcia; Navega,Marcelo Tavella; Fagnello-Navega,Flávia Roberta
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
Introduction Pain is a sensory and emotional experience that occurs with the presence of tissue injury, actual or potential. Pain is subjective, and its expression is primarily determined by the perceived intensity of the painful sensation, called the pain threshold. Objective To evaluate whether there are differences in pain threshold (LD) and time to pain perception (TPED) between the gender in different age groups and to analyze the correlation between age and pain threshold in each gender. Methods and procedures Participants were 60 volunteers divided into 6 groups (n = 10 each) according to gender and age (18–33, 34–49, and 50–64 years). The evaluation of perception and pain tolerance was performed by immersing the container with one hand in water at a temperature of 0 °C–2 °C; the latency to withdrawal of the hand from ice water was measured in seconds and was considered a measure of LD. The TPED was reported by each participant as the start time of the painful stimulus. Results We found differences between the LD for G1 (men aged between 18 and 33 years) and G2 (women aged 18 to 33 years) with greater LD for G1 (p = 0.0122) and greater LD for women (p = 0.0094); for other comparisons of LD and TPED...

Efficacy of electroacupuncture for myofascial pain in the upper trapezius muscle: a case series

Aranha,Maria F. M.; Alves,Marcelo C.; Bérzin,Fausto; Gavião,Maria B. D.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.2%
BACKGROUND: Electroacupunture (EA) includes the passage of an electrical current through the acupuncture needle and is commonly used for pain relief. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the EA treatment effects for myofascial pain in the upper trapezius muscle. METHODS: Twenty women aged ranging from 18 to 40 years (mean=24.95; SD=5.88 years), with a body mass index ranging from 19 to 25 kg/m2 (mean=22.33; SD=0.56 kg/m2), with regular menstrual cycles controlled by oral contraceptive, local or referred pain for more than six months and at least one myofascial trigger point in the upper trapezius participated in this study. The participants received a total of nine EA sessions over five weeks. The needles were inserted at the accupoints GB20, GB21, LV3, LI4, and at “ashi” points. A mixed current of 2 Hz and 100 Hz was applied alternatively every 5 seconds for 30 minutes. The outcomes were pain intensity measured by the visual analogue scale (VAS), pressure pain threshold (PPT) measured by an algometer, electromyography (EMG) and quality of life measured by the SF-36 questionnaire. Inter-occurrences between sessions were monitored. Paired t-test, Wilcoxon test, and repeated measure analysis of variance (ANOVA) having Tukey-Kramer as post-hoc tests were used. RESULTS: Significant improvement in pain intensity and in PPT occurred after treatment (P<0.0001). EMG of the right trapezius during contraction increased significantly...

Pressure pain threshold and pain perception in temporomandibular disorder patients: is there any correlation?

Stuginski-Barbosa,Juliana; Silva,Rafael Santos; Cunha,Carolina Ortigosa; Bonjardim,Leonardo Rigoldi; Conti,Ana Cláudia de Castro Ferreira; Conti,Paulo César Rodrigues
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira para o Estudo da Dor Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira para o Estudo da Dor
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.49%
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Physical evaluation of temporomandibular disorder patients commonly includes evaluation of pain response to muscular and articular palpation and there is a considerable uncertainty of how self-reported pain intensity relates to Pressure Pain Threshold obtained in an algometry exam. The present study aimed at determining whether pain intensity is associated to Pressure Pain Threshold in temporomandibular disorder patients. METHODS: Eighty arthralgia patients and one hundred and thirty masticatory myofascial pain patients participated in this study. Pain intensity was recorded with visual analog scale. Pressure Pain Threshold was measured using a pressure algometer. Pressure was applied bilaterally on the temporomandibular joint in arthralgia patients and masseter and anterior temporalis muscles. Pearson correlation coefficient (r) was calculated to determine the strength of the relationship between pain intensity and the lowest Pressure Pain Threshold value in each site. RESULTS: The correlation between all pain intensity and Pressure Pain Threshold values was statistically weak. Correlations between pain intensity and joint Pressure Pain Threshold (r=- 0.236; p=0.035) in the arthralgia group and pain intensity and masseter’s Pressure Pain Threshold (r=-0.312; p<0.001) and between pain intensity and anterior temporalis Pressure Pain Threshold (r=-0.240; p=0.006) were statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The weak correlation between pain intensity and Pressure Pain Threshold suggests that other factors are clearly important in explaining the pain experience of temporomandibular disorder patients...

Effects of Sensory Behavioral Tasks on Pain Threshold and Cortical Excitability

Volz, Magdalena Sarah; Suarez-Contreras, Vanessa; Mendonca, Mariana E.; Pinheiro, Fernando Santos; Merabet, Lotfi B.; Fregni, Felipe
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
Background/objective: Transcutaneous electrical stimulation has been proven to modulate nervous system activity, leading to changes in pain perception, via the peripheral sensory system, in a bottom up approach. We tested whether different sensory behavioral tasks induce significant effects in pain processing and whether these changes correlate with cortical plasticity. Methodology/principal findings: This randomized parallel designed experiment included forty healthy right-handed males. Three different somatosensory tasks, including learning tasks with and without visual feedback and simple somatosensory input, were tested on pressure pain threshold and motor cortex excitability using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Sensory tasks induced hand-specific pain modulation effects. They increased pain thresholds of the left hand (which was the target to the sensory tasks) and decreased them in the right hand. TMS showed that somatosensory input decreased cortical excitability, as indexed by reduced MEP amplitudes and increased SICI. Although somatosensory tasks similarly altered pain thresholds and cortical excitability, there was no significant correlation between these variables and only the visual feedback task showed significant somatosensory learning. Conclusions/significance: Lack of correlation between cortical excitability and pain thresholds and lack of differential effects across tasks...

The effect of synchronized group activities on pain threshold as a predictor of cooperation

Gagnon, Morgan
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
Recent research suggests that participating in vigorous synchronized physical activity may result in elevated levels of endorphins, which may in turn affect social bonding (Cohen et. al., 2009). The present research aimed to examine whether or not the change in pain tolerance would be able to predict participants’ willingness to cooperate after statistically controlling for the groups’ condition. Participants were asked to run on a treadmill for 30 minutes under one of two conditions (control vs. synchronized). Prior to and after the run participants underwent a pain tolerance test. Once completed, a second activity was introduced to the participants; a cooperative game. A public goods game was used to measure an individual’s willingness to cooperate. The results showed the synchronized condition was able to predict that participants cooperated more during the public goods game (p = .009), however the change in pain threshold was unable to significantly predict cooperation (p = .32).

Depressive Verstimmung und Schmerz: Schmerzschwelle, implizites und explizites Gedächtnis für schmerzassoziiertes Wortmaterial, ereigniskorrelierte Potentiale bei Präsentation von schmerzassoziiertem Wortmaterial; Subclinical depression: pain threshold and selective processing of pain-related word stimuli in as indicated by event-related brain potentials

Nikendei, Christoph
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
DE_DE
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
Einleitung: Nach wie vor herrscht eine intensive Diskussion bezüglich der Frage, ob das Auftreten von Schmerzsymptomen und depressiven Symptomen kausal miteinander verknüpft ist oder ob beide Beschwerdebilder völlig unabhängig voneinander zu sehen sind. Um Erkenntnisse über die Schmerzverarbeitung bei depressiver Verstimmung zu erhalten, implementierten wir eine Studie im Kontrollgruppen-Design zur Untersuchung der Schmerzschwelle und der kognitiven Verarbeitung von schmerzassoziiertem Wortmaterial. Methodik: Bei 16 depressiv verstimmten Probanden und 16 Kontrollpersonen wurde die mechanische Schmerzschwelle bestimmt. In der anschließenden EEG-Untersuchung wurden den Probanden schmerzassoziierte und neutrale Wörter präsentiert. Während des folgenden Lexical-Decision-Tests und Wiedererkennungstests wurden behaviorale und elektrophysiologische Parameter erhoben. Ergebnisse: Es zeigte sich eine für die rechte Hand erhöhte Schmerzschwelle für alle Probanden. In der EEG-Untersuchung zeigten die depressiv verstimmten Probanden im Vergleich zur Kontrollgruppe beim Lexical-Decision-Test während der Präsentation von schmerzassoziierten Wörtern parietal erhöhte P300 Potentiale, die als Prädiktoren für eine bessere Gedächtnisleistung bezüglich dieser Wortstimuli bei Wiedererkennungstests gelten. Übereinstimmend mit diesen elektrophysiologischen Auffälligkeiten tendierten die depressiv verstimmten Probanden dazu im nachfolgenden Wiedererkennungstest mehr schmerassoziierte Wörter als die Kontrollen zu erinnern. Schlussfolgerung: Wir nehmen an...

Behavioural changes and occlusal splints are effective in the management of masticatory myofascial pain: a short-term evaluation

Conti, P. C. R.; de Alencar, E. N.; da Mota Correa, A. S.; Lauris, J. R. P.; Porporatti, A. L.; Costa, Y. M.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL; HOBOKEN Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL; HOBOKEN
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.26%
The aim of this research was to test the hypothesis that treatment with intra-oral appliances with different occlusal designs was beneficial in the management of pain of masticatory muscles compared with a control group. A total of 51 patients were analysed according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) to obtain the diagnosis of masticatory myofascial pain (MMP). The sample was then randomly divided into three groups: group I (n = 21) wore a full coverage acrylic stabilisation occlusal splint; group II (n = 16) wore an anterior device nociceptive trigeminal inhibitory (NTI) system; and group III (n = 14) only received counselling for behavioural changes and self-care (the control group). The first two groups also received counselling. Follow-ups were performed after 2 and 6 weeks and 3 months. In these sessions, patients were evaluated by means of a visual analogue scale (VAS) and pressure pain threshold (PPT) of the masticatory muscles. Possible adverse effects were also recorded, such as discomfort while using the appliance and occlusal changes. The results were analysed with KruskalWallis, anova, Tukeys and Friedman tests, with a significance level of 5%. Group I showed improvement in the reported pain at the first follow-up (2 weeks)...

Limiar de dor, prevalência de fibromialgia, qualidade de vida e de sono em mulheres com endometriose= : Pain threshold, fibromyalgia prevalence, quality of life and sleep quality in women with endometriosis; Pain threshold, fibromyalgia prevalence, quality of life and sleep quality in women with endometriosis

Fabiana Roberta Nunes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/01/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.41%
Introdução: Mulheres com endometriose frequentemente se queixam de dor, que pode interferir na qualidade de vida e de sono. Alguns estudos mostraram maior prevalência de algumas patologias, como fibromialgia, em mulheres com endometriose. Assim, e necessário avaliar as repercussões da endometriose na vida das mulheres. Objetivo: Comparar a prevalência de fibromialgia, o limiar doloroso, a qualidade de vida e do sono em mulheres com e sem endometriose. Métodos: Participaram do estudo 257 mulheres com endometriose, confirmada cirurgicamente e histopatologicamente, e 253 sem historia ou sintomas da doença. As mulheres do grupo com endometriose foram divididas em dois subgrupos, com endometriose grau I-II (n=89), e grau III-IV (n=168), de acordo com os critérios de 1996 da American Society for Reproductive Medicine. As voluntarias responderam aos questionários: Short-form 36 (SF-36) para avaliação da qualidade de vida, Inventario do Sono para avaliar a qualidade de sono e questionário de classificação de fibromialgia de acordo com os critérios de 1990 e 2010 do American College of Rheumatology (ACR). Alem disso, foi avaliada a dor das participantes através da escala visual analógica (EVA) e as mesmas foram submetidas a exame físico para avaliação do limiar de dor em 20 diferentes pontos corporais e a presença de dor nos tender points dos critérios de fibromialgia de 1990. Para a avaliação física foi utilizado um algometro que mensurava a digitopressao realizada pela pesquisadora. O estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Universidade de Campinas e todas as mulheres assinaram o termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido. Resultados: Na amostra estudada...

Efeitos local e sistêmico do laser de baixa potência no limiar de dor por pressão em indivíduos saudáveis; Local and systemic effects of low-power laser on pressure pain threshold in healthy subjects

Pelegrini, Stella; Venancio, Roberta Ceila; Liebano, Richard Eloin
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
O laser de baixa potência é utilizado como recurso terapêutico para controle da dor. Porém, ainda é questionado o real efeito como também a dosimetria mais eficaz para esse efeito analgésico. Assim, este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos local e sistêmico do laser de baixa potência no limiar de dor por pressão, em indivíduos saudáveis. Cento e cinquenta indivíduos foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em cinco grupos: Controle, Laser Placebo, 3 J, 6 J e 12 J. Para avaliar o limiar de dor, utilizou-se um algômetro de pressão em cinco tempos distintos. Na região da mão dominante do indivíduo, foi realizado o laser e a algometria para verificar o efeito local. Já naquela da perna dominante, realizou-se somente a algometria para verificar efeito sistêmico do laser de baixa potência. Houve redução local do limiar de dor por pressão no Grupo 3 J em comparação com os grupos Controle (p=0,0016) e Placebo (p=0,004), e não houve alteração sistêmica do limiar de dor por pressão. O laser de baixa potência, quando utilizado com energia de 3 J, reduziu o limiar de dor por pressão local em indivíduos saudáveis, porém não houve alteração sistêmica.; Low-power laser is used as a therapeutic tool for pain control. However...

Estimulação elétrica nervosa transcutânea nas modalidades convencional e acupuntura na dor induzida pelo frio; Conventional and acupuncture-like transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on cold-induced pain

Morimoto, Hisa Costa; Yonekura, Márcia Yumi; Liebano, Richard Eloin
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
A estimulação elétrica nervosa transcutânea (TENS) é um recurso não-farmacológico já consagrado na modulação de dores agudas e crônicas. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar o efeito da TENS convencional e na modalidade TENS-acupuntura na dor induzida pelo frio. Trinta indivíduos saudáveis com idade entre 18 e 40 anos foram distribuídos ao acaso em três grupos: placebo, TENS convencional e TENS-acupuntura. Foi utilizado um protocolo de indução de dor pelo frio composto por seis ciclos: dois pré-tratamento, dois durante e dois após o tratamento. A TENS foi aplicada por 20 minutos por dois canais, sendo a modalidade convencional, no nível sensorial, na freqüência de 80 Hz e a modalidade acupuntura, no nível motor, a 4 Hz. Foram medidos limiar de dor, tolerância à dor e intensidade da dor. Não foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significante nos valores medidos durante a após o tratamento quando comparados aos dos ciclos pré-tratamento, em todas as variáveis. Nas duas modalidades estudadas pois, a TENS, nos parâmetros de aplicação utilizados, não modificou a dor induzida por frio, sugerindo-se novos estudos com maior tempo de aplicação da TENS e diferentes modelos de dor experimental.; Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a non-pharmacological method already established in the modulation of acute and chronic pain. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of conventional TENS and acupuncture-like TENS on cold-induced pain. Thirty healthy subjects aged 18 to 40 years old were randomized into in three groups: placebo...