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Collective Labour Agreement between the Public Utilities Commission of the City of St. Catharines and Local 556, The International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, 1952

Williams, Edie
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Outros
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
In 1952, Local 556 of The International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers negotiated a contract with The Public Utilities Commission of the City of St. Catharines. The contract was to be in effect from July 1952 to September 1953. The document is unsigned.; 1 typed labour agreement ; 11 pages : 36 x 22 cm

Public-Private Partnerships for Urban Water Utilities : A Review of Experiences in Developing Countries

Marin, Philippe
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.52%
This study provides objective information and analysis on the performance of public-private partnerships (PPP) projects in urban water supply and sanitation in developing countries. It reviews the spread of urban water PPP projects during the past 15 years, and assesses whether and how they have helped to improve services and expand access for the populations concerned. The study uses a structured framework to assess the performance of more than 65 large water PPP projects that have been in place for at least five years (three years in the case of management contracts) and that provide services to a combined population of almost 100 million. By population size, this sample represents close to 80 percent of the water PPP projects that were awarded before 2003 and have been active for at least three years. The analysis focuses on the actual impact of these projects for the concerned populations, that is, the net improvements achieved under these partnerships. Chapter two summarizes the historical development of water PPPs in developing countries...

Understanding Sector Performance : The Case of Utilities in Latin America and the Caribbean

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.51%
This report provides innovative approaches to better understand infrastructure sector performance by focusing on the links between key indicators for private and public utilities, and changes in ownership, regulatory agency governance, and corporate governance, among other dimensions. By linking inputs and outputs over the last 15 years, the analysis proposes key determinants that have impacted sector performance in infrastructure sectors in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). It is about understanding how and to what extent the effect of such elements result in significant changes in the performance of infrastructure service provision. This report focuses on the distribution segment of basic infrastructure services. It covers electricity distribution, water distribution and sewerage, and fixed telecommunications. More specifically, the report does: i) depict sector performance with a broad set of indicators that describes the current situation as well its evolution during the last 15 years; ii) propose analytical frameworks for themes less developed in the literature such as regulatory governance and corporate governance for state-owned enterprises (SOEs); iii) benchmark the institutional designs of the regulatory agencies in the region for the water and electricity sectors; and iv) analyze the relationship between sector performance and regulation...

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines : OECS Fiscal Issues, Policies to Achieve Fiscal Sustainability and Improve Efficiency and Equity of Public Expenditures

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
The central theme of the St. Vincent and the Grenadines Fiscal Issues report, the first Public Expenditure Review conducted by the World Bank in this country, is that in order to restore rapid economic growth, ensure medium-term fiscal sustainability under the umbrella of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) and protect the social achievements realized in the past decades, the country will best benefit from: (a) tightening fiscal policy, mostly through expenditure cuts; (b) an increase in the efficiency of public investments and public service delivery; (c) strengthening regulation and efficiency of public utilities and sea/air transport; and (d) promoting education and skills development to prepare the population, notably the poor, to take advantage of new opportunities in the global environment.

Key Topics in Public Water Utility Reform

Ginneken, Meike van; Kingdom, Bill
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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56.46%
Urban water supply services have traditionally been provided by state-owned, water utilities. In the past decades, many governments have tried to turn state-owned water utilities into effective and viable organizations with mixed success. Why have some public utilities become more efficient service providers, while others have not been able to break the vicious cycle of low performance and low cost recovery? The World Bank report "key topics in public water utility reform" presents a framework of attributes of well functioning utilities and how they have introduced key institutional measures. It thus aims to help water and sanitation sector practitioners to choose and apply public utility reform approaches.

Revisiting Public-Private Partnerships in the Power Sector

Vagliasindi, Maria
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.28%
As the world demand for energy continues to grow, a big question is where will all the energy come from and what will the price tag be. With such enormous sums needed, public-private partnerships (PPPs) could play a big role. But the financial crisis has raised worries about funding, and much is still not known about how best to attract PPPs. This report reviews the evidence to date with sectoral reforms and considers different approaches in varying circumstances to help outline the potential role of the private and public sector in: 1) strengthening the corporate governance of private and public utilities; 2) helping governments to establish legal, regulatory, contractual, and fiscal frameworks; and 3) improved market governance to attract private investment. Chapter one reviews the impact of the recent financial crisis on PPP investment compared with what happened in earlier financial crises. It also looks out the latest projections for additional power sector investment needed because of climate change and the possible sources of financing. Chapter two examines how PPP investment in the power sector has fared. It also gives the results of an econometric study that explores which types of incentives and variables matter most to PPPs when they are weighing entering the power sector...

Grenada, OECS Fiscal Issues : Policies to Achieve Fiscal Sustainability and Improve Efficiency and Equity of Public Expenditures

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
The report reviews Grenada public expenditures for the period 1995-02 and suggests policy recommendations to achieve fiscal sustainability, improve social service delivery, and reform social protection based on the economic situation of the country at the time. To restore rapid economic growth, ensure medium-term fiscal sustainability under the umbrella of the currency union and protect the social achievements realized in the past decades, the main challenges facing the Grenada government are to: (a) tighten fiscal policy, notably through reduction of capital expenditures and the realization of the fiscal savings expected from the public sector reform initiated in 1997 (b) increase the efficiency of public investments and public service delivery; (c) strengthen regulation and efficiency of public utilities and sea/air transport; (d) modernize the legal framework that oversees public sector employment; and (e) promote education and skills development to prepare the population, notably the poor, to take advantage of new opportunities in the global environment. The report is organized as follows: Chapter 1 discusses fiscal sustainability in Grenada and presents options for fiscal consolidation; Chapter 2 discusses the role of the business cycle in the design of fiscal policy by reviewing the cyclical components of the fiscal accounts; Chapter 3 discusses the budget management system in place and its effect on budgetary outcomes. Chapter 4 examines the Public Sector Investment Program (PSIP); Chapter 5 discusses public sector employment and compensation issues; Chapters 6 and 7 examine public expenditures and outcomes in the education and health sectors; and Chapter 8 discusses social protection programs. Since the completion of the report...

Saint Kitts and Nevis - OECS Fiscal Issues : Policies to Achieve Fiscal Sustainability and Improve Efficiency and Equity of Public Expenditures

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
Despite high levels of per capita incomes and good social service provision, poverty remains a persistent problem in St. Kitts and Nevis. To improve competitiveness, restore rapid economic growth, and ensure its medium-term sustainability in the context of the currency union, the main challenges to the St. Kitts and Nevis government are to (a) tighten fiscal policy, notably through expenditure cuts; (b) increase the efficiency of public investments and public service delivery; (c) strengthen regulation and efficiency of public utilities and sea/air transport; and (d) promote education and skills development to prepare the population, notably the poor, to take advantage of new opportunities in the global environment. The report is organized as follows: Chapter 1 discusses fiscal sustainability in St. Kitts and Nevis and presents options for fiscal consolidation; Chapter 2 discusses the role of the business cycle in the design of fiscal policy by reviewing the cyclical components of the fiscal accounts; Chapter 3 discusses the budget management system in place and its effect on budgetary outcomes; Chapter 4 examines the Public Sector Investment Program; Chapter 5 discusses public sector employment and compensation; Chapters 6 and 7 examine public expenditures and outcomes in the education and health sectors; and Chapter 8...

A Review in Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan : Benchmarking for Performance Improvement in Urban Utilities

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.52%
Performance benchmarking is a powerful tool to make service providers more accountable, and to measure progress while improving performance. This review examines the introduction of performance benchmarking in over 30 urban water utilities across Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan since 2003, with the support of their respective governments and the Water and Sanitation Program - South Asia. It focuses on the process of building systems for performance measurement, monitoring and analysis, and institutionalizing benchmarking as an integral part of operational practice in utilities and government, to support broader sector reforms. The findings reveal that most utilities are performing poorly, and just how dire the state of service provision really is across the towns and cities of South Asia: 1) no water utility in Bangladesh, India or Pakistan provides its customers with continuous water; the average is five hours a day; 2) water utilities do not serve at least a third of urban residents; 3) high nonrevenue water-frequently estimated above 40 percent-means a large volume of water is being lost through leaks...

Governance of Indian State Power Utilities : An Ongoing Journey

Pargal, Sheoli; Mayer, Kristy
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Group Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank Group
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.49%
By the late 1990s, the technical and financial performance of the power sector in India had deteriorated to the point where the Government of India had to step in to bail out the state utilities, almost all of which were vertically integrated state electricity boards (SEBs). Considering that the dismal performance of state utilities reflected internal and external shortfalls in governance, the new Electricity Act of 2003 (EA 2003) mandated the unbundling and corporatization of the SEBs, along with the establishment of independent regulators. This was expected to bring about a more accountable and commercial performance culture, with concomitant results in improved utility performance. The rest of this review is organized as follows. Chapter two summarizes the institutional context and relevant developments over the past two decades. Chapter three focuses on the corporate governance agenda adopted by the government and its implementation, specifically relating to the structure and functioning of utility boards of directors. Chapter four reviews SERC regulatory governance. Chapter five analyzes the correlation between key indicators of the quality of regulatory and corporate governance and utility financial performance. And chapter six concludes.

Three essays on the economics of public utilities

BARONE, Andrea
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: paper
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
Public utilities provide fundamental services both to households and firms. Continuous, adequate, and reasonably priced supplies of water, electricity and gas are essential for healthy living in every modern society. Moreover, while there is no direct physical need for telecommunication services, in today’s information economy they have clearly become a social need. At the same time infrastructure sectors are key for sustained economic growth and international competitiveness, since they also provide necessary inputs to firms, allowing them to produce and interact with both suppliers and customers. In this dissertation we will analyze some important policy issues that emerge in relation to these sectors.; Defence date: 22 May 2007; Examining board: Pascal Courty, European University Institute ; Natalia Fabra, Universidad Carlos III, Madrid ; Massimo Motta, supervisor, European University Institute ; Frode Steen, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration

Affordability of Basic Public Utilities: Regulation and Poverty Policies

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
The FSR Workshop on “Affordability of basic public utilities” organized by the Florence School of Regulation gathered 36 participants from 12 countries. The Workshop was devoted to present the current knowledge on issues in affordability of public utilities, to facilitate a discussion between academics and interested parties from the public, private and voluntary sectors, and to explore the potential for a research program. Participants to the workshop were mostly experts from Academic Institutions, National Regulatory Authorities, and Energy Companies.; Report on the FSR Workshop on “Affordability of basic public utilities”, 8 October 2008

Regulation and ownership of public utilities. Water supply service in a medium-sized spanish city during the Franco years

Mirás Araujo, Jesús; Piñeiro Sánchez, Carlos
Fonte: Universidade da Corunha Publicador: Universidade da Corunha
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
The relationship between business and institutional environment has fulfilled an increasing space in historians agenda. The aim of the paper is to investigate the impact of the new institutional framework created in Spain during the Franco Dictatorship (1939-75) on the success or failure of businesses, through a case-study. The scenario is a Spanish medium-sized city where the City council entrusted a private company the service at the beginning of the twentieth century, through franchising. However, after the Civil War (1936-39) the new political regime erected a new regulatory framework, which provoked a change in the attitude of the state towards public services. The central issue is that private management of water supply suffered from an increasing pressure, which aimed to revert the service to public ownership, particularly to municipal authorities. As matter of fact, this strategy was partially successful in the long term, since it gradually transformed the patterns of management of public utilities in Spain, and became municipal management dominant by the 1960s-1970s. The company experienced extraordinary difficulties which conditioned a more efficient management. The main responsible for this situation were: the autarkic context...

The determinants of board compensation in SOEs: an application to Italian local public utilities

Menozzi, Anna; Erbetta, Fabrizio; Fraquelli, Giovanni; Vannoni, Davide
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Publicador: Taylor & Francis
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Publicado em /01/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
This article investigates the determinants of board compensation for a sample of Italian state owned enterprises (SOEs). To that purpose, we use newly collected panel data of 106 local public utilities observed from 1994 through 2004, which includes detailed information on the boards of directors. During this period, the deregulation process inspired institutional interventions that forced utilities, traditionally owned by local municipalities, to change their juridical form and ownership structure, thereby facilitating the entrance of private investors. The corporate governance literature shows that such changes may exacerbate the agency conflicts between shareholders, top executives and the board. However, board compensation could reduce the agency costs by aligning the incentives of managers with the interests of shareholders. This article addresses this issue by investigating the impact that board composition,firm characteristics and performance have on board compensation. Wefind that the average board pay is positively related to firm dimension and negatively related to board size. The public or private nature of the major shareholder does not influence board compensation but the juridical form does. Finally, while the proportion of politically connected directors is found to negatively influence the level of per capita compensation...

Water Operators from Emerging Markets : New Players for Public-Private Partnerships

Marin, Philippe; Izaguirre, Ada Karina; Danilenko, Alexander
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.47%
In the 1990s a few multinationals dominated the market for public-private partnership (PPP) contracts in water. Yet in recent year's water operators from developing countries have won most of the new PPP contracts for the management of water utilities in countries as diverse as Brazil, Cameroon, Chile, China, Colombia, India, Malaysia, and the Russian Federation. While the size of the market served by large foreign operators has remained stagnant since 2001, the population served by private operators from developing countries grew from 15 million to more than 70 million, or 40 percent of the market, by 2008. This big shift opens new perspectives on using PPPs as a tool to reform water utilities in the developing world.

Subsidies in Chilean Public Utilities

Serra, Pablo
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.37%
The author analyzes subsidies in Chile's public utilities. Over the last decade, especially, significant efforts have been made to extend public services to rural populations. An explicit consumption subsidy for potable water (targeted to the poorest twenty percent of the population) currently benefits seventeen percent of the population. Cross-subsidies have been virtually eliminated in Chile, and existing subsidies are funded from the national budget. The elimination of cross-subsidies has facilitated competition in some services. Prices have fallen substantially in services that new operators have entered, showing that regulation is a poor substitute for competition. The Chilean experience shows that it is possible to design direct subsidies (such as the one for drinking water) at relatively low cost to the state. Moreover, putting rural infrastructure projects out to public tender whenever possible, has allowed substantial reductions in government spending. Chile's experience also shows that it is possible to use subsidies that do not distort people's behavior - by making sure that they perceive the marginal cost of providing the service. In rural zones where there is no infrastructure, investment needs to be subsidized. Users do not pay the long-run marginal cost...

Infrastructure and Public Utilities Privatization in Developing Countries

Auriol, Emmanuelle; Picard, Pierre M.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
The paper analyzes governments' tradeoff between fiscal benefits and consumer surplus in privatization reforms of noncompetitive industries in developing countries. Under privatization, the control rights are transferred to private interests so that public subsidies decline. This benefit for tax-payers comes at the cost of price increases for consumers. In developing countries, tight budget constraints imply that privatization may be optimal for low profitability segments. For highly profitable public utilities, the combination of allocative inefficiency and critical budgetary conditions may favor public ownership. Finally, once a market segment gives room for more than one firm, governments prefer to regulate the industry. In the absence of a credible regulatory agency, regulation is achieved through public ownership.

Improving the Performance of China’s Urban Water Utilities

Browder, Greg J.; Xie, Shiqing; Kim, Yoonhee; Gu, Lixin; Fan, Mingyuan; Ehrhardt, David
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.38%
In the 1990s, China's water supply infrastructure was in a very poor state. Municipal wastewater treatment was almost nonexistent. Public utilities were inefficient. Prices for water were unsustainably low. Since then, large investments have been made in water supply and wastewater infrastructure, and tariffs for water and wastewater have increased. China's national ministries and agencies have issued directives on water pricing, utility regulation, wastewater treatment, private sector participation, and other reforms. Chinese and international companies are now active in the sector. However, many complex financial, institutional, and technical challenges lie ahead. China's water supplies are limited, its rivers are among the most polluted in the world, and its coastal waters are on the brink of ecological collapse.

Organized Communities and Potable Water Public Utilities in Colombia: Advocacy for the Third Economic Option Based on the Common-pool Resources Theory; Comunidades organizadas y el servicio p??blico de agua potable en Colombia: una defensa de la tercera opci??n econ??mica desde la teor??a de recursos de uso com??n

Moncada Mesa, Jhonny; P??rez Mu??oz, Carolina; Valencia Agudelo, Germ??n Dar??o
Fonte: Universidad EAFIT Publicador: Universidad EAFIT
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; article; Art??culo Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
Based on the theory and institutional principles proposed by Elinor Ostrom, this paper explores whether Colombian organized communities are able to provide potable water public utility in a sustainable manner and manage it as a common-pool resource (CPR). For this purpose, a set of Colombian community aqueducts is selected and compared against the eight principles proposed by this theory. The results have shown that, in general it complies with institutional principles but it also highlights difficulties, particularly in regards to the "minimal recognition of organization rights" principle.; Este art??culo investiga, a partir de la teor??a y los principios institucionales propuestos por Elinor Ostrom, si las comunidades organizadas en Colombia pueden prestar de manera sostenible el servicio p??blico domiciliario de agua potable y administrarlo como un recurso de uso com??n (RUC). Para ello se hace una selecci??n de acueductos comunitarios en Colombia y se contrasta con los ocho principios que propone la teor??a. Se muestra c??mo, en general, se cumple con los principios institucionales, pero tambi??n se destacan dificultades, en especial, en el principio del ???reconocimiento m??nimo de derechos de organizaci??n???.

The privatisation of public utilities in Croatia: an assessment of the major gains and pains

Čučković, Nevenka; Jurlin, Krešimir; Vučković , Valentina
Fonte: LSEE - Research on South Eastern Europe Publicador: LSEE - Research on South Eastern Europe
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /07/2011 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.13%
The aim of the research on which this paper is based was to investigate, and where possible measure, the effects of policies of marketisation and privatisation of the telecommunication and the oil and gas industries in Croatia with respect to their business efficiency, management, employment levels, investment, service quality, diversity and prices. The paper questions whether the expected improvements in business performance actually occurred in the post-privatisation period and whether they improved consumer welfare. Both specialists and the wider public have opposing views about the changes which took place, and the paper therefore attempts to set out a considered analysis of the actual effects of the privatisation of these two public utilities in Croatia.