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Proposta de modelo conceitual para implantação de gestão compartilhada de serviços de transporte público urbano de pessoas dirigido a um cenário de mobilidade e desenvolvimento sustentável.; Proposed framework for implementation of management of shared services for urban transport of people headed for a scenario of mobility and sustainable development.

Veiga, Ivanice Schütz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/06/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.86%
O estudo centra-se na produção dos serviços do transporte público urbano de pessoas, visando o desenvolvimento de uma nova metodologia e modelo para sua gestão, sustentado na mobilidade urbana e princípios do desenvolvimento sustentável. Esta concepção compreende a formação de áreas urbanas orientadas pela multisetorialidade, estruturação de redes, distribuição de atividades geradoras de viagens, responsabilidade social, integração, inclusão social, e ênfase na geração de espaços saudáveis para os cidadãos. Com base na análise da situação atual do transporte urbano, os dados secundários mostram o esgotamento dos modelos tradicionais de tratamento para a gestão de services desta natureza, aliada a uma abordagem restrita, orientada por soluções setoriais e funcionalistas, onde o transporte aparece como um fim em si mesmo.. Por outro lado, a revisão do estado da arte aponta a abordagem da sustentabilidade como potencial alternativa a promover mudanças positivas no que se refere à busca de soluções para problemas de transporte; não somente restrita ao entendimento do transporte sustentável a partir de soluções tecnológicas, mas fundamentalmente, segundo uma definição mais ampla...

The role of public transport in the achievement of urban sustainable mobility in mid-sized cities

Ribeiro, Paulo; Mendes, José F. G.
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.02%
Mid-sized cities or villages often have important issues associated with the relation between demand and supply of transport, due to its own spatial dimension and also due to the territory sprawl derived from years of deficient land use planning. Traditionally, public transport was mainly designed to cover and serve the entire municipality, giving a rural character to this service. Presently, some of these cities are sufficiently large to support the adoption of an urban public transport. The main question is how to create a public transport service in mid-sized cities integrated with the existing transport and parking system, so that more sustainable patterns of mobility can be achieved. For this purpose, a case study will be presented regarding the creation and planning of an urban public transport service for the city of Barcelos, located in Northern Portugal.

Flexible public transport in low density areas

Ribeiro, Paulo; Rocha, Vasco
Fonte: WSEAS Press Publicador: WSEAS Press
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
Publicado em "Recent Advances in Engineering Mechanics, Structures and Urban Planning" (ISBN : 978-1-61804-165-4) ; Mathematics and Computers in Science and Engineering Series, 8 (ISSN : 2227-4588); A public transport system is of crucial importance to ensure an equitable and more sustainable mobility to all citizens of a region, since it allows the possibility to travel long distances instead of the use of private cars. However, conventional public transport systems have a rigid framework with routes where specific locations are predefined in order to have a regular service that serves as much population as possible. Well designed regular bus services are usually economically viable, but in low density areas the demand is not sufficient to ensure viability and the same service ofcentral urban areas. Thus, it is necessary to introduce some flexibility in public transport service, to allow coverage of the entire population, without destroying the viability of the bus operator of low density areas. This approach isnow being applied in a case study in low density areas of the municipality of Braga, where the bus service is poor and inadequate to ensure the mobility needs of its population. In this study, the implementation of a flexible public transport is preliminarily analysed...

Public Transport Subsidies and Affordability in Mumbai, India

Cropper, Maureen; Bhattacharya, Soma
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
This paper describes the role of public transport and the nature and incidence of transport subsidies in Mumbai, India. Mumbai has an extensive rail and bus network, and public transport is used for over 75 percent of all motorized trips in Greater Mumbai. Both rail and bus fares in Mumbai are subsidized: BEST, which operates public buses in Mumbai, is also an electric utility, and subsidizes bus fares from electricity revenues. We analyze the incidence of these subsidies, and their effect on mode choice, using data from a survey of households in Greater Mumbai. In Mumbai, as in many cities, the middle class is more likely to use public transport for travel than the poor. The poor, however, also use public transit, and their expenditure on public transit constitutes, on average, a larger share of their income than it does for the middle class. It is, therefore, the case that the poor benefit from transit subsidies in Mumbai, as well as the middle and upper-middle classes; however, the poorest 27 percent of the population receives only 19 percent of bus subsidies and 15.5 percent of rail subsidies. Indeed...

International Experience in Bus Rapid Transit Implementation : Synthesis of Lessons Learned from Lagos, Johannesburg, Jakarta, Delhi, and Ahmedabad

Kumar, Ajay; Zimmerman, Samuel; Agarwal, O.P.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.17%
It is in this context that this study has been undertaken to document BRT case studies in terms of the political setting, institutions/governance, public involvement and communications, service/operations/management and planning and their relationship to investment performance. The study has been undertaken in recognition of the fact that successful implementation and operation of BRT systems often reflects non-physical actors like leadership, communications, organizational structure, service planning and operating practices rather than the design of transitways, stations, terminals and vehicles. This paper does not seek to compare BRT with other forms of public transport but only seeks to evaluate a sample of BRT systems in terms of the softer issues that have contributed making a BRT system successful or not so successful.

A Framework for Urban Transport Benchmarking

Henning, Theuns; Essakali, Mohammed Dalil; Oh, Jung Eun
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
This report summarizes the findings of a study aimed at exploring key elements of a benchmarking framework for urban transport. Unlike many industries where benchmarking has proven to be successful and straightforward, the multitude of the actors and interactions involved in urban transport systems may make benchmarking a complex endeavor. It was therefore important to analyze what has been done so far, propose basic benchmarking elements and test them, and identify lessons for a simple and sustainable urban transport benchmarking framework. A major component of this study was to investigate (a) the availability of data for benchmarking and (b) the value of benchmarking on the basis of limited data. The study therefore proposes a benchmarking framework for urban transport, focusing on the performance of public transport. Because the design of a benchmarking framework depends on the objectives sought from it, the study focused on the performance of public transport systems from the policymaker s perspective. The study included pilot application of the proposed framework in five cities from three continents Beijing...

Greater Cairo : A Proposed Urban Transport Strategy

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.98%
The objective of the urban transport strategy note (UTSN) is to provide an assessment of the urban transport system in Greater Cairo (GC), identify what now appear to be the most pressing urban transport problems, and framework for urgent policy actions and investment priorities that would be the basis of a formal transport strategy to be adopted and implemented by the authorities of the metropolitan area of Cairo. This note is essentially based on a thorough review of the 2002 Urban Transportation Master Plan for GC and a rapid analysis of the current conditions and performance of the urban transport system. This note includes nine chapters. The first chapter provides a quick overview of the current situation of the UT in GC. In chapter two, present the main guiding principles and key components of the proposed strategy to prepare the ground for the following chapters. Chapter three to nine elaborate on the issues and policy recommendations for each of the components of the strategy: organization and operation of public transport systems (chapter three)...

Review of the Urban Transport Sector in the Russian Federation : Transition to Long-Term Sustainability

Oh, JungEun; Gwilliam, Kenneth
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.05%
Russian cities are undergoing critical economic and social changes that affect the performance and condition of their urban transport systems. While the population of most large cities in Russia (over one million residents) has remained relatively unchanged over the last decade, the average income of the urban dwellers has sharply increased. The number of private cars per capita has increased rapidly, generating a demand for urban mobility which is increasingly difficult to meet. This review of the urban transport sector in the Russian Federation (the Review, hereafter) aims to assess the current condition and performance of urban transport systems in medium-to-large size Russian cities and to identify key issues and underlying causes. The review principally covers software of urban transport in the secondary cities of Russia, including institutional arrangements, legal and regulatory issues, operation of public transport systems, traffic management, and parking, and less extensively hardware aspects, such as construction of road network.

Developing the Public Transport Sector in China

Gwilliam, Ken
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.16%
The focus of this discussion paper is on institutional arrangements for the provision of public transport bus services, including the introduction of private capital in bus operations, the value of competitive tendering mechanisms as a determining factor in selecting suppliers, and the role of regulation. The purpose of this paper is to assist Chinese municipalities by describing the experience of other countries that have attempted to implement similar reforms, which may be considered relevant to China. The goal of this paper is to assist interested municipalities, the Ministry of Construction, and other relevant Chinese authorities to: 1) identify models of regulation and competition for the urban bus industry, based on the experience of Chinese and international practices, which are best, suited for the current and projected future of the urban bus industry in China; and 2) provide guidance for municipalities that are considering restructuring their bus industries.

Carbon Price Efficiency : Lock-in and Path Dependence in Urban Forms and Transport Infrastructure

Avner, Paolo; Rentschler, Jun; Hallegatte, Stéphane
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.98%
This paper investigates the effect of carbon or gasoline taxes on commuting-related CO2 emissions in an urban context. To assess the impact of public transport on the efficiency of the tax, the paper investigates two exogenous scenarios using a dynamic urban model (NEDUM-2D) calibrated for the urban area of Paris: (i) a scenario with the current dense public transport infrastructure, and (ii) a scenario without. It is shown that the price elasticity of CO2 emissions is twice as high in the short run if public transport options exist. Reducing commuting-related emissions thus requires lower (and more acceptable) tax levels in the presence of dense public transportation. If the goal of a carbon or gasoline tax is to change behaviors and reduce energy consumption and CO2 emissions (not to raise revenues), then there is an incentive to increase the price elasticity through complementary policies such as public transport development. The emission elasticity also depends on the baseline scenario and is larger when population growth and income growth are high. In the longer run...

Malaysia Economic Monitor, June 2015

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.15%
After a strong finish in 2014, growth moderated in early 2015. Malaysia’s economy expanded by 6.0 percent in 2014, accelerating to 7.3 percent q/q saar in Q42014 due to resilient domestic demand and a pick-up of exports. Growth moderated to 4.7 percent q/q saar in Q1 2015 on account of weaker external demand, but domestic demand remained strong. To transform the planning and delivery of urban transport, Malaysia may consider prioritizing the following reforms: (a) Establish lead transport agencies at the conurbation level that spearhead an integrated approach towards the planning and delivery of urban transport across different modes; (b) identify and implement sustainable financing mechanisms for the lead agency. Introducing local taxes on fuel would not only result in environmental gains and trim the fiscal deficit (by RM10-19 billion), but also fund transport (for example, 24 percent of Vancouver’s transit system is funded by municipal gas taxes). Reviewing impediments to transit-oriented development will be another option...

Classification of reasons for poor customer experiences in service industries: the case of public transport

Hutchinson, T.
Fonte: Gordon Breach Sci Publ Ltd Publicador: Gordon Breach Sci Publ Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.05%
This paper examines why failures and deficiencies in customer service occur, as discussed in both general business research and in public transport research. The focus is not on individual encounters between customers and a service provider, but on the organisational context that leads to a particular quality of customer experience. Going beyond the facts about service quality, the reasons for failures in quality need to be classified and organised. Suggestions are made for this, beginning by distinguishing between reasons internal to public transport itself (which are split into four types, each being sub-classified) and those external (again of four types, each subclassified). The proposed method of organising the reasons is not specific to public transport, but could be adapted to other industries.; T.P. Hutchinson

Can Combined Priority Bus Lanes, as a Preparatory Step of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Implementation, Improve Public Transport Service Performance? Assessing two Bus Route and Layout Options for the City of Chisinau/Moldova

Ledwoch, Sven
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Diplomarbeit
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.91%
This study assesses the performance impacts of a projected exclusive Combined Priority Lane (CPL) network for the use of all scheduled public transport systems (trolleybuses, conventional diesel buses and minibuses) in the City of Chisinau. For the assessment, two in terms of network extent different route layout options were compared to the current public transport situation. The CPL design enables a subsequent Bus Rapid Transit Systems (BRT) upgrade. In a multi-layered approach a utility analysis was conducted, evaluating 15 performance indicators describing transport and economical efficiency, as well as societal and environmental impacts. Furthermore cost-utility estimations were made for the investment costs of the two layout options. The results were benchmarked with best practice development alternatives. For the procedure a set of empirical methodologies mainly from transport, social, and economic sciences as well as urbanism were used. The results point out that especially transport users and the local economy benefit from extensive travel time savings. In regard to the enhanced travel time competitiveness the measure entails a notable shift of trips from motorized to public transport, which proves to have a positive impact on local environment and energy consumption schemes. Accordingly...

A Gender Assessment of Mumbai's Public Transport

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Women in Development and Gender Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.07%
This report provides: a high-level understanding on women's travel patterns that builds the foundation for understanding the ways in which they use public transport and the degree to which this is met by the public transport systems; and a first-cut view on women's priorities in public transport and potential ideas for addressing them. The purpose of this report is to initiate a dialog on these questions and begin to develop a picture of the role transport currently plays in women's lives with an understanding of the further role it can play, given women's specific needs. This study was carried out in Mumbai. Mumbai, formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and is the commercial and entertainment capital of India. Throughout this report the authors has used the term 'women' to refer to women and girls above the age of 16 as several of our survey respondents are students between the ages of 17 and 21. However, there is a need for a deeper understanding of the public transport needs of school- children; many of them use public transport to go to better schools that are father away from their homes. The study was on public buses and trains...

Fostering the Development of Greenfield Mining-related Transport Infrastructure through Project Financing

International Finance Corporation; Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Working Paper
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.13%
The purpose of this study is to serve as a guide on developing Greenfield transport infrastructure (rail and port) primarily used to support mining operations ('mining-related infrastructure'), through Public-Private Partnership (PPP) schemes and on a project finance basis. The focus is on key financing issues and considerations, as well as recommendations for governments and private-sector participants, specifically in the context of sub-Saharan Africa and similar regions. Over the past decade, the rapid economic growth in newly industrialized markets has fueled a strong demand for various commodities (such as iron, coal, bauxite and copper), with significant impact on their prices. The last ten years have seen an unprecedented rise in the price of mineral commodities worldwide. From the mid-2000s through the early 2010s, the world's largest mining companies embarked in the planning of numerous and often very large mining projects to satisfy what was seen as an ever growing double digit demand for minerals (iron ore...

Opportunities and Strategies for Mainstreaming Open Data in Transport Projects in St. Petersburg

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Public Sector Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
The World Bank conducted this study of the potential for Open Transport Data in St. Petersburg as part of the preparations for the Improvement of Urban Transport Systems Project in Russia. It is principally intended for use by the St. Petersburg transportation authorities, the Federal Ministry of Transport and the Project Implementation Unit in considering and implementing open data as part of the new systems being developed as part of the Project. There are already good examples of transport information systems in St. Petersburg. Most of this information is not currently available for external use, but in the cases where it has been made available, for instance by the Agency 'Organizer of Transportation' for real-time bus information; this has been welcomed and well-used by citizens and authorities, despite some current limitations. Within the St. Petersburg component of Improvement of Urban Transport Systems Project there are plans for more transport information systems, including parking information...

Cities on the Move : A World Bank Urban Transport Strategy Review; Villes en mouvement: la strategie de transport urbain de la Banque mondiale Cidades em movimento: estrategia de transporte urbano do Banco mundial Ciudades en movimento: revision de la estrategia de transporte urbano del Banco mundial

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
The report's objectives are i) to better understand the nature and magnitude of urban transport problems, particularly in respect of the poor, and ii) to articulate a strategy by which the World Bank and other agencies can assist national and city governments to address these problems. The first part of the report considers how urban transport can be used as an instrument of urban development and poverty reduction. Chapter 2 discusses how transport reduces poverty. Chapter 3 examines how urban transport policies can be focused more specifically on meeting the needs of the poor but touches on other transport related aspects of the quality of life of poor people. Chapter 4 considers the urban environment, focusing on air pollution to which the poor are particularly vulnerable, while Chapter 5 considers problems of personal safety and security. The second part of the report considers how the objectives can be pursued by using a range of instruments. Chapter 6 considers the provision and management of road infrastructure. Chapter 7 discusses road based public transport...

Urban Design Manual for Non-Motorized Transport-Friendly Neighborhoods

Fang, Ke
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.99%
China is already the world's largest emitter of greenhouse gases, and transport is the fastest-growing source of these emissions. The international energy agency estimates that carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from China's light-duty transport fleet will rise from 65 mega tones (MT) in 2005 to nearly 300 MT in 2020, an increase of 290 percent. In addition to contributing to global climate change, the rapid adoption of motor vehicles in China is also causing growing urban congestion and air pollution. Indeed, national level policy makers have begun to shift directions towards promoting public transport and providing safe environments for walking and cycling as way to improve urban accessibility and address local, national, and global environmental concerns. Yet, despite this shift at the national level, many municipalities lack the tools, knowledge, and resources to effectively address these issues. This publication aims to bridge that knowledge gap by providing a guide on how to improve non-motorized transport (NMT)...

World Bank Urban Transport Strategy Review : The Case of Cairo, Egypt

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Urban Study
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.95%
The increased density and sprawl of Cairo's urban areas are the consequence of a number of factors, of which the major ones are the physical and geographic features, transport supply, urban policy and the control of urban development, market laws, government aid, property developers, consumer sensitivity to building quality and costs, travelling distances, tariffs, the immediate surrounding area, etc. The purpose of this study is to measure the impact of a transport policy on the accessibility and development of the Cairo urban area. Cairo's transport policy has encouraged tremendous development of major road infrastructures, partial liberalization of the surface public transport network resulting in a considerable expansion of private microbus lines, and an extension of the bus network at the expense of the density of supply and of regularity, and without creating segregated lanes as recommended in successive transport and urban studies, amongst other significant developments. This report explores the influence of transport on the development of urban areas...

Public Transport Service Optimization and System Integration

Fang, Ke; Zimmerman, Samuel
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.12%
Public transport has the most customer appeal and is most efficient when it is planned and operated as a seamless, integrated system. This is particularly important in urban environments in fast growing economies such as China and India, where public transport must increasingly compete with private vehicles which offer door-to-door, one seat travel irrespective of time of day or day of the week. International experience suggests that public transport planners must recognize two integration dimensions: (a) integration among all modes and routes comprising the multi-modal public transport network, (b) integration of the physical and operational elements or each respective mode and service, e.g., metro or bus. Successful integration in both dimensions will provide a more customer-friendly experience and make public transport more efficient and cost-effective. This will help maximize public transport ridership and revenue, increase customer satisfaction, reduce costs and subsidies and general environmental...