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Revisão urbanística das perimetrais. As avenidas perimetrais da área central como suporte para o transporte público de São Paulo; An urbanistic review of the ring roads. The perimetral routes as a public transport infrastructure

Muzi, Alessandro Moreno
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/05/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.94%
O objeto de estudo deste trabalho são as avenidas perimetrais da Área Central da cidade de São Paulo descritas a partir do seu desempenho atual. A descrição das avenidas as aborda a partir do entendimento de como sistemas de mobilidade podem ser avaliados e descritos do ponto de vista urbanístico. A partir desta afirmação discuto alguns aspectos para sua caracterização, levando em conta a importância do transporte coletivo para os espaços da Área Central. Neste sentido, discuto a articulação entre perimetrais e radias, elementos que as vinculam ao sistema de transporte metropolitano; a existência de uma rede de espaços públicos na Área Central conflitantes com sua utilização como suporte das redes de transporte que atingem a Área Central; e, finalmente, a ideia de que as vias perimetrais não são um conjunto coerente de vias. Em outro eixo de análise, estudo o histórico de formação da área, visando o entendimento das condicionantes de projeto que foram responsáveis pela construção dos trechos que a compõem. Este histórico é pautado pela ideia de que é possível entender a formação da área através não só da construção de seus espaços mas também de como estes espaços foram utilizados como suporte das redes de transporte metropolitano. Finalmente...

The role of public transport in the achievement of urban sustainable mobility in mid-sized cities

Ribeiro, Paulo; Mendes, José F. G.
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66%
Mid-sized cities or villages often have important issues associated with the relation between demand and supply of transport, due to its own spatial dimension and also due to the territory sprawl derived from years of deficient land use planning. Traditionally, public transport was mainly designed to cover and serve the entire municipality, giving a rural character to this service. Presently, some of these cities are sufficiently large to support the adoption of an urban public transport. The main question is how to create a public transport service in mid-sized cities integrated with the existing transport and parking system, so that more sustainable patterns of mobility can be achieved. For this purpose, a case study will be presented regarding the creation and planning of an urban public transport service for the city of Barcelos, located in Northern Portugal.

As fontes de desgaste físico e emocional e a Síndrome de Burnout no setor de transporte coletivo urbano de Natal; The sources of physical and emotional wear and the syndrome of Burnout in the urban public transport system of Natal. Master s dissertation. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Gianasi, Luciana Bezerra de Souza
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia; Psicologia, Sociedade e Qualidade de Vida Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia; Psicologia, Sociedade e Qualidade de Vida
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.92%
Recognizing the importance the workplace has on mental health of the individual, the objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the burnout syndrome and the sources of physical and emotional wear which permeate the work conditions of the urban public transport system of the city of Natal. Although existent in international literature, research on burnout in the professional transport category and studies directed to this category are not a tradition in Brazil. The research was carried out using 412 drivers and money-changers of two transport companies of Natal. To collect the data, two questionnaires and a semi-structured interview were used. The first instrument, developed and validated during the research, investigated the sources of wear and the second, the syndrome of burnout. As its main results, two sources of empirical wear were identified as follows: (1) the Conflict of Values and the Lack of Justice at the Workplace, (2) Union and Reward. Besides these, it was observed that there is an incidence of the syndrome of burnout among the drivers and money-changers of urban transport by bus, not only in the caring occupations studied before in Natal and Brazil and that this incidence is related to the sources of wear which permeate the work conditions of these professionals; Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior; Reconhecendo-se a importância que o local de trabalho tem para a saúde mental do indivíduo...

A confiabilidade do transporte coletivo urbano em corredores estruturais de ônibus; Reliability of public transport in bus structural corridors

Silva, Thais Cristina Cunha e
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia Publicador: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
Tipo: Dissertação
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.9%
Este trabalho tem como objetivo avaliar a confiabilidade do transporte coletivo urbano por ônibus tendo como base o corredor estrutural de ônibus da Avenida João Naves de Ávila, uma das principais vias da cidade de Uberlândia, MG. Para tanto, foram utilizados os programas computacionais Simulation and Assignment of Traffic in Urban Road Networks – SATURN e Dynamic Route Assignment Combining User Learning and Microsimulation – DRACULA. Os programas, ambos desenvolvidos pela Universidade de Leeds, na Inglaterra, foram usados na execução das simulações necessárias para concluir quanto ao efeito que a implantação do corredor de ônibus acarretou sobre a linha de ônibus que percorre a avenida. É apresentada uma análise sobre a confiabilidade do transporte coletivo urbano na avenida, onde foi implantada uma faixa exclusiva para ônibus e treze estações de embarque e desembarque, por meio de indicadores como tempo de viagem, regularidade e pontualidade, entre outros. Além do cenário básico, foram propostos cenários variados a fim de verificar como os indicadores de confiabilidade seriam afetados. Por fim, esse trabalho traz a comparação entre os tempos de viagem antes e após a implantação do corredor e visa concluir sobre os benefícios reais da implantação de um corredor de ônibus em cidades médias. ______________________________________________________________________________ ABSTRACT; The aim of this work is to evaluate the reliability of the urban public transport using as a study case the bus structural corridor in the João Naves de Ávila Avenue...

Public Transport Subsidies and Affordability in Mumbai, India

Cropper, Maureen; Bhattacharya, Soma
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
This paper describes the role of public transport and the nature and incidence of transport subsidies in Mumbai, India. Mumbai has an extensive rail and bus network, and public transport is used for over 75 percent of all motorized trips in Greater Mumbai. Both rail and bus fares in Mumbai are subsidized: BEST, which operates public buses in Mumbai, is also an electric utility, and subsidizes bus fares from electricity revenues. We analyze the incidence of these subsidies, and their effect on mode choice, using data from a survey of households in Greater Mumbai. In Mumbai, as in many cities, the middle class is more likely to use public transport for travel than the poor. The poor, however, also use public transit, and their expenditure on public transit constitutes, on average, a larger share of their income than it does for the middle class. It is, therefore, the case that the poor benefit from transit subsidies in Mumbai, as well as the middle and upper-middle classes; however, the poorest 27 percent of the population receives only 19 percent of bus subsidies and 15.5 percent of rail subsidies. Indeed...

A Framework for Urban Transport Benchmarking

Henning, Theuns; Essakali, Mohammed Dalil; Oh, Jung Eun
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
This report summarizes the findings of a study aimed at exploring key elements of a benchmarking framework for urban transport. Unlike many industries where benchmarking has proven to be successful and straightforward, the multitude of the actors and interactions involved in urban transport systems may make benchmarking a complex endeavor. It was therefore important to analyze what has been done so far, propose basic benchmarking elements and test them, and identify lessons for a simple and sustainable urban transport benchmarking framework. A major component of this study was to investigate (a) the availability of data for benchmarking and (b) the value of benchmarking on the basis of limited data. The study therefore proposes a benchmarking framework for urban transport, focusing on the performance of public transport. Because the design of a benchmarking framework depends on the objectives sought from it, the study focused on the performance of public transport systems from the policymaker s perspective. The study included pilot application of the proposed framework in five cities from three continents Beijing...

Greater Cairo : A Proposed Urban Transport Strategy

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.13%
The objective of the urban transport strategy note (UTSN) is to provide an assessment of the urban transport system in Greater Cairo (GC), identify what now appear to be the most pressing urban transport problems, and framework for urgent policy actions and investment priorities that would be the basis of a formal transport strategy to be adopted and implemented by the authorities of the metropolitan area of Cairo. This note is essentially based on a thorough review of the 2002 Urban Transportation Master Plan for GC and a rapid analysis of the current conditions and performance of the urban transport system. This note includes nine chapters. The first chapter provides a quick overview of the current situation of the UT in GC. In chapter two, present the main guiding principles and key components of the proposed strategy to prepare the ground for the following chapters. Chapter three to nine elaborate on the issues and policy recommendations for each of the components of the strategy: organization and operation of public transport systems (chapter three)...

A Framework for Urban Transport Projects : Operational Guidance for World Bank Staff

Mitric, Slobodan
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
This paper starts with a brief perspective on urban transport in developing countries, followed by a detailed presentation of an overall framework for making projects in this sector. Additional details on cities and projects used as case studies are given in the accompanying tables. The challenge for the Bank is to assist client cities in providing transport infrastructure and services that respond to demographic, spatial and economic growth in ways that balance the many different competing interests. Reflecting the importance that poverty and environmental factors are given in its development lending, the key strategic goal of the Bank is to protect and nurture public transport services and non-motorized transport modes, with underlying meta-objectives of equity and sustainability. In the policy dimension, the following approach features: (i) the equitable allocation of existing/new street space to protect and nurture public transport, and non-motorized modes; (ii) a for-the market rather than in the market...

Affordability of Public Transport in Developing Countries

Carruthers, Robin; Dick, Malise; Saurkar, Anuja
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
The analysis reported here was prompted by a realization that there was little reliable and consistent information on what proportion of household income is spent on urban public transport. The information available uses inconsistent definitions of what costs are included and how income is measured, making comparisons between cities difficult. The authors report here on about a dozen studies that have addressed the issue of affordability. Though different measures are used in different countries, making it difficult to compare the results between cities, from the studies in South America, South Asia, Eastern and Western Europe, Africa, East Asia and Australasia summarized here, the authors make clear that the affordability of urban transport is considered an issue of importance throughout the developing world. There is also evidence that the high cost of urban transport is having a negative impact on the lives of the urban poor - either through restricting their access to jobs that are within feasible walking or cycling distance...

Developing the Public Transport Sector in China

Gwilliam, Ken
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.13%
The focus of this discussion paper is on institutional arrangements for the provision of public transport bus services, including the introduction of private capital in bus operations, the value of competitive tendering mechanisms as a determining factor in selecting suppliers, and the role of regulation. The purpose of this paper is to assist Chinese municipalities by describing the experience of other countries that have attempted to implement similar reforms, which may be considered relevant to China. The goal of this paper is to assist interested municipalities, the Ministry of Construction, and other relevant Chinese authorities to: 1) identify models of regulation and competition for the urban bus industry, based on the experience of Chinese and international practices, which are best, suited for the current and projected future of the urban bus industry in China; and 2) provide guidance for municipalities that are considering restructuring their bus industries.

Carbon Price Efficiency : Lock-in and Path Dependence in Urban Forms and Transport Infrastructure

Avner, Paolo; Rentschler, Jun; Hallegatte, Stéphane
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.13%
This paper investigates the effect of carbon or gasoline taxes on commuting-related CO2 emissions in an urban context. To assess the impact of public transport on the efficiency of the tax, the paper investigates two exogenous scenarios using a dynamic urban model (NEDUM-2D) calibrated for the urban area of Paris: (i) a scenario with the current dense public transport infrastructure, and (ii) a scenario without. It is shown that the price elasticity of CO2 emissions is twice as high in the short run if public transport options exist. Reducing commuting-related emissions thus requires lower (and more acceptable) tax levels in the presence of dense public transportation. If the goal of a carbon or gasoline tax is to change behaviors and reduce energy consumption and CO2 emissions (not to raise revenues), then there is an incentive to increase the price elasticity through complementary policies such as public transport development. The emission elasticity also depends on the baseline scenario and is larger when population growth and income growth are high. In the longer run...

Classification of reasons for poor customer experiences in service industries: the case of public transport

Hutchinson, T.
Fonte: Gordon Breach Sci Publ Ltd Publicador: Gordon Breach Sci Publ Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.94%
This paper examines why failures and deficiencies in customer service occur, as discussed in both general business research and in public transport research. The focus is not on individual encounters between customers and a service provider, but on the organisational context that leads to a particular quality of customer experience. Going beyond the facts about service quality, the reasons for failures in quality need to be classified and organised. Suggestions are made for this, beginning by distinguishing between reasons internal to public transport itself (which are split into four types, each being sub-classified) and those external (again of four types, each subclassified). The proposed method of organising the reasons is not specific to public transport, but could be adapted to other industries.; T.P. Hutchinson

Conditional autonomous surveillance in public transport

ANDRITSOS Fivos
Fonte: INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT Publicador: INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.93%
Although public transport remains the safest mode of transport, it has been the object of numerous terrorist attacks, mainly because of the high concentration of passengers, the criticality of mobility in modern society and the difficulties in applying effective screening or other protection measures. Video surveillance is one of the major instruments to increase security. However, in case of major accidents or security events like the London Metro or the Madrid bombing attacks, classical CCTV based surveillance is of little use, apart from forensic investigations. ASPIS is a novel smart surveillance system that was conceived soon after the London bombing events in order to answer the above issues. It is a scalable, modular, surveillance / alarm system designed to provide prompt, complete, pertinent information for the management of emergency situations in public means of transport without compromising citizen’s right to privacy. In fact, it records and transmits information only on the occurrence of an emergency event.; JRC.G.7-Digital Citizen Security

A Gender Assessment of Mumbai's Public Transport

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Women in Development and Gender Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.13%
This report provides: a high-level understanding on women's travel patterns that builds the foundation for understanding the ways in which they use public transport and the degree to which this is met by the public transport systems; and a first-cut view on women's priorities in public transport and potential ideas for addressing them. The purpose of this report is to initiate a dialog on these questions and begin to develop a picture of the role transport currently plays in women's lives with an understanding of the further role it can play, given women's specific needs. This study was carried out in Mumbai. Mumbai, formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and is the commercial and entertainment capital of India. Throughout this report the authors has used the term 'women' to refer to women and girls above the age of 16 as several of our survey respondents are students between the ages of 17 and 21. However, there is a need for a deeper understanding of the public transport needs of school- children; many of them use public transport to go to better schools that are father away from their homes. The study was on public buses and trains...

Gender and Public Transport : Kathmandu, Nepal

World Bank
Fonte: Nepal Publicador: Nepal
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
This study was commissioned by The World Bank as part of the research to feed into the development of the Government of Nepal's national transport management strategy. The overall strategy vision is 'to develop safe, efficient and environmentally friendly transport'. Under the second pillar of the draft strategy which refers to 'management of road transport', there is specific reference to the particular needs of women in transport. The study took place between October and December, 2013 and comprised a review of secondary data and the collection of primary data via a questionnaire survey of public transport users in the Kathmandu valley, qualitative conversations and focus group discussions with users and non-users of public transport as well as key informant interviews with transport operators, police and relevant Government department staff and supplemented by participant observation. The questionnaire survey was carried out with 470 people (60 percent women) and qualitative conversations involved a further 165 (58 percent women). The questionnaire was administered 'in situ' as people were commuting on public transport at different times of the day and on different transport routes in and around the city.

Aplicação bus tracker : oferecendo uma melhor experiência aos usuários do transporte urbano, a partir da utilização de informações de rastreamento veicular; Bus tracker app - providing a better experience to public transport users through vehicle tracking usage

Siqueira, Luciano Goularte
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.84%
O constante avanço tecnológico dos dispositivos móveis (smartphones, tablets), em conjunto com a queda nos preços e a atual abrangência e disponibilidade de redes wireless, tornou-os amplamente populares, gerando um crescimento explosivo do mercado de aplicativos móveis, que continua a prover novas oportunidades a todo momento. Como consequência deste cenário os aplicativos móveis tornaram-se de fundamental importância e os desenvolvedores têm a oportunidade, e o desafio, de criar aplicativos que explorem e beneficiem-se das constantes novas funcionalidades dos dispositivos, tornando a informação disponível a qualquer momento, em qualquer lugar, facilitando tarefas rotineiras das pessoas, permitindo melhor uso de seu tempo pessoal. Dentre os diversos aplicativos oferecidos existem aqueles baseados em geolocalização, ou seja, na identificação global da posição de um objeto, o que pode ser utilizado das mais diversas formas para fornecer um melhor serviço e experiência aos usuários. O objetivo deste trabalho é projetar e desenvolver o protótipo de uma aplicação que permitirá aos usuários de transporte público (ônibus, trem, lotação) acompanharem a posição e o deslocamento dos veículos em tempo real...

Variability in baseline travel behaviour as a predictor of changes in commuting by active travel, car and public transport: a natural experimental study; Variability in baseline travel behaviour as a predictor of changes in commute mode choice: a natural experimental study

Heinen, Eva; Ogilvie, David
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Article; published version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.92%
This is the final version of the article. It was first available from Elsevier via http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2015.11.002; Purpose: To strengthen our understanding of the impact of baseline variability in mode choice on the likelihood of travel behaviour change. Methods: Quasi-experimental analyses in a cohort study of 450 commuters exposed to a new guided busway with a path for walking and cycling in Cambridge, UK. Exposure to the intervention was defined using the shortest network distance from each participant?s home to the busway. Variability in commuter travel behaviour at baseline was defined using the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index, the number of different modes of transport used over a week, and the proportion of trips made by the main (combination of) mode(s). The outcomes were changes in the share of commute trips (i) involving any active travel, (ii) involving any public transport, and (iii) made entirely by car. Variability and change data were derived from a self-reported seven-day record collected before (2009) and after (2012) the intervention. Separate multinomial regression models were estimated to assess the influence of baseline variability on behaviour change, both independently and as an interaction effect with exposure to the intervention. Results: All three measures of variability predicted changes in mode share in most models. The effect size for the intervention was slightly strengthened after including variability. Commuters with higher baseline variability were more likely to increase their active mode share (e.g. for HHI: relative risk ratio [RRR] for interaction 3.34...

Public Transport Service Optimization and System Integration

Fang, Ke; Zimmerman, Samuel
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
Public transport has the most customer appeal and is most efficient when it is planned and operated as a seamless, integrated system. This is particularly important in urban environments in fast growing economies such as China and India, where public transport must increasingly compete with private vehicles which offer door-to-door, one seat travel irrespective of time of day or day of the week. International experience suggests that public transport planners must recognize two integration dimensions: (a) integration among all modes and routes comprising the multi-modal public transport network, (b) integration of the physical and operational elements or each respective mode and service, e.g., metro or bus. Successful integration in both dimensions will provide a more customer-friendly experience and make public transport more efficient and cost-effective. This will help maximize public transport ridership and revenue, increase customer satisfaction, reduce costs and subsidies and general environmental...

Comparison of travel time between private car and public transport in Cape Town

Hitge,G; Vanderschuren,M
Fonte: Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering Publicador: Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.96%
The objective of urban transportation planning is, or should be, to optimise the access to opportunities for all people. One of the factors that defines access is to minimise the travel time between home and both primary and secondary activities. Optimisation refers to the balance between the benefits of reducing travel time with the cost of that reduction. Cost includes operational, infrastructure and environmental costs. However, the reality in many cities is that travel time is often minimised for some users or communities, while it remains relatively high for others. This paper explores the core components of travel time of an integrated public transport system, and compares that with travel time in the private transport system. This is done by using travel time data for Cape Town to estimate the value of time spent on each component of a typical trip in Cape Town in 2013. The paper concludes that travelling by public transport takes significantly longer than by private car for the average trip in Cape Town. It then highlights where to focus investment in the public transport system to move towards an integrated, multi-modal system that can compete with the private car, and thereby become attractive to all communities.

"We are also travellers": An action story about disabled women mobilising for an accessible public transport system in Khayelitsha and Nyanga, Cape Metropole, South Africa

Lorenzo,Theresa
Fonte: South African Journal of Occupational Therapy Publicador: South African Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.99%
The paper reports on the experiences of disabled women in Khayelitsha and Nyanga in Cape Town in mobilising for an accessible public transport system so that they had equal opportunities to participation in social and economic development. The paper highlights various policies linked to addressing/achieving equal rights and access for disabled people across sectors, with a specific focus on the centrality of accessible public transport to development. The specific aim of this action story was to explore the experiences of disabled women in mobilising for change regarding an accessible public transport system as a strategy for social inclusion. A qualitative research approach using participatory action research (PAR) was chosen as the research design to allow for emergent process of collaboration and dialogue. Purposive sampling and snowballing were used to select the sample of disabled women living in Khayelitsha and Nyanga in Cape Town. Data was generated through pioneering narrative action reflection (NAR) workshops, as an innovative method to generate data of disability experiences collectively rather than on a one-to-one basis. The method enables storytelling and action learning by marginalised groups in impoverished contexts to mobilise collectively for equal opportunities and social inclusion. The theme "We are also travellers" emerged with two sub-themes that described the barriers and strategies for inclusion...