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Application of Microsatellite Primers Developed for Polistes in the Independent-Founding Wasp Polists satan Bequaert (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)

Komatsu, K.; Mateus, S.; Zucchi, R.; Nascimento, F.; Kudo, K.
Fonte: ENTOMOLOGICAL SOC BRASIL; LONDRINA Publicador: ENTOMOLOGICAL SOC BRASIL; LONDRINA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Microsatellite primers developed for a given species are sometimes useful for another in the same genus and in other genera within the same family, making possible to search for pre-existing suitable primers in the databanks such as GenBank. We examined whether existing primers developed for Polistes could be used for Polistes satan Bequaert. We tested 50 microsatellite primers from three Polistes species and found that six microsatellite loci show polymorphism in size in P. satan. These six loci were highly polymorphic, having four to 15 alleles in P. satan with an expected heterozygosity of 0.525-0.832. These loci can be used to study parameters concerning genetic relatedness such as social interactions in colonies and genetic conflicts of interest among nestmate individuals.; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science GrantinAid for Young Scientists (B); Japan Society for the Promotion of Science - Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B) [21770017]

Sócio-etologia dos agregados coloniais de Polistes satan Bequaert, 1940: fenologia, mediadores comportamentais e sinalização química (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Polistinae; Socio-ethology of colonial agregates of Polistes satan Bequaert, 1940: phenology, behavioral mediators and chemical signalling (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Polistinae).

Nascimento, Ivelize Cunha Tannure
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/12/2006 PT
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O gênero Polistes é considerado um grupo modelo para a compreensão da sociobiologia das interações de dominância/subordinação em animais invertebrados, devido à pequena diferenciação de castas que resulta em um alto potencial de conflitos reprodutivos entre os membros da colônia. A construção de ninhos satélites e os seus efeitos na estrutura colonial de algumas espécies de Polistes, constituem um campo de estudo de interesse para a área da evolução do comportamento social. Neste estudo foram quantificados os padrões sazonais do desenvolvimento e a composição colonial, bem como a relação desses padrões com a variação climática sazonal. Foram também comparadas as relações que determinam a hierarquia de dominância em colônias de P. satan em relação a um modelo teórico proposto para uma hierarquia linear de dominância. Além disso, mostramos os padrões de interações agonísticas entre indivíduos que compõem a hierarquia e suas inter-relações em colônias não manipuladas e manipuladas (remoção da dominante). Foram também analisados padrões de comunicação visual (marcas de dominância) e química (hidrocarbonetos cuticulares). Os resultados mostraram que fêmeas dominantes em colônias em pré-emergência apresentaram padrões de pigmentação cefálica e perfis de hidrocarbonetos cuticulares significativamente distintos das fêmeas subordinadas ou substitutas. Os aspectos relacionados à comunicação química e visual e suas implicações biológicas são discutidas.; The genus Polistes is an organism model to understand the sociobiology in invertebrates. This group presents low caste differentiation that result in potencial reproductive conflicts between nestmates. The construction os satellite nests and their effects on the colonial structure in some Polistes are an interesting topic to the evolution of socail behavior. In this study we quantify the seasonal patterns of nest development and thei composition. We analyzed the relationship between these patterns and climatic variation. The aspects related to the hierarchy of dominance in P. satan were compared to a theoretical model that predicts a dominance hierarchy im equilibrium. In addition...

Morphological features and occurrence of degenerative characteristics in the hypopharyngeal glands of the paper wasp Polistes versicolor (Olivier) (Hymenoptera : Vespidae)

Britto, Fabio Barros; Caetano, Flavio Henrique
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 742-747
ENG
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Different histochemical techniques were applied to examine the morphological features of the secretory cells of hypopharyngeal glands in the wasp Polistes versicolor. The results showed that most analyzed individuals present active glands with secretion stored in the cytoplasm. In some glands, morphological analyses revealed the presence of degenerative characteristics. Analyses of cellular integrity, however, did not detect dead cells. The results showed that, in P. versicolor, the development and regression of the hypopharyngeal glands were not age related, unlike glands of social bees. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Ultrastructural features of the hypopharyngeal glands in the social wasp Polistes versicolor (Hymenoptera : Vespidae)

Britto, Fabio Barros; Caetano, Flávio Henrique
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 277-284
ENG
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The wasps of the genus Polistes have been considered the key to understanding the evolution of social behavior in Hymenoptera. Several studies have shown that the development of organized insect societies was accompanied by the evolution of structures like exocrine glands, which became specialized to perform specific functions. This article investigates the ultrastructural and cytochemical features of the hypopharyngeal glands of Polistes versicolor. These glands have been studied in depth in social bees, where they occur only in nurses and produce the royal jelly. Our results revealed that these glands basically did not vary among individuals or between sexes. They are constituted by spherical cells, each with a large nucleus and well-developed rough endoplasmic reticulum. Secretion vesicles are abundant, but lipid droplets were not observed, indicating that these glands may not have a role in pheromone synthesis. Acid phosphatase was detected in lysosomes, and also free in the cytosol, but did not seem to be related with cell death. Thus, our results suggest that the hypopharyngeal glands of P. versicolor may not have a specialized social role, but could produce digestive enzymes.

COMPARATIVE COLONY PRODUCTIVITY OF POLISTES-SIMILLIMUS AND POLISTES-VERSICOLOR (HYMENOPTERA, VESPIDAE) AND THE EVOLUTION OF PARAGYNY IN THE POLISTINAE

Gobbi, N.; Fowler, H. G.; Netto, J. C.; Nazareth, S. L.
Fonte: Gustav Fischer Verlag Jena Publicador: Gustav Fischer Verlag Jena
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 239-243
ENG
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Over a 3-year period, all colony foundations of the social wasps Polistes versicolor and Polistes simillimus were registered, and the fate and growth of all colonies were followed. P. simillimus exhibited a greater number of colony-founding attempts, while P. versicolor had a larger number of adult colonies. P. simillimus had greater cell numbers and number of adults produced per colony. P. simillimus reutilized only a small percentage of brood cells for adult production for up to 2 generations, while P. versicolor reutilized a large percentage of brood cells for up to 3 generations. Consequently, cell production was higher in P. simillimus. Because of a high rate of adult production and extensive cell production, we suggest that P. simillimus may demonstrate paragynous social organization, and may demonstrate an intermediate form between polygynous and monogynous Vespidae. Paragynous associations may lead to lower predation pressures and a relative independence of adult production on time.

Winter aggregations, colony cycle, and seasonal phenotypic change in the paper wasp Polistes versicolor in subtropical Brazil

Gobbi, Nivar; Noll, Fernando B.; Penna, Marcelo A. H.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 487-494
ENG
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Social wasps from temperate zones have clear annual colony cycles, and the young queens hibernate during winter. In the subtropics, the only previously reported evidence for the existence of hibernation is the facultative winter aggregations of females during harsh climate conditions. As in temperate-zone species analyzed so far, we show in this study that in the paper wasp, Polistes versicolor, a subtropical species, body size increases as an unfavorable season approaches. Our morphological studies indicate that larger females come from winter aggregations-that is, they are new queens. Multivariate analyses indicate that size is the only variable analyzed that shows a relationship to the differences. Given the absence of a harsh climate, we suggest that the occurrence of winter aggregations in tropical P. versicolor functions to allow some females to wait for better environmental conditions to start a new nest, rather than all being obliged to start a new nest as soon as they emerge.

Ultramorphology and histology of the ectal mandibular gland in Polistes versicolor (Olivier) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)

Ortega Pietrobon, Thiago Augusto; Caetano, Flávio Henrique
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 89-94
ENG
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The ectal mandibular gland (EMG) of wasps is homologous to the mandibular gland of ants and bees. This gland belongs to salivary system and its function stile unknown. The EMG of Polistes versicolor showed histological and ultramorphological features similar to that founded in ants and others wasps. This gland is constituted by a secretory region and a reservoir. The secretory region contains individual secretory cells that showed several nucleoli. The reservoir has a club shape and is connected to each mandible, by a duct that opens on its external side, which there are cuticular projections. The EMG of males is smaller than those of females. Our results suggested that the EMG secrete volatiles compounds that are liberated when the mandibles still open.

Ultramorfologia e Histologia da Glândula Salivar do Tórax de Polistes versicolor (Olivier) (Vespidae), Comparada com a de Outros Hymenoptera

Rocha, Thalita; Caetano, Flávio H.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 585-590
POR
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The salivary system of the Hymenoptera consists of the mandible, hypopharynx and thoracic salivary glands. It is very important because it is related to various aspects of the life of the insects, such as pheromone production, feeding the young, food digestion and nest building. Adult Polistes versicolor (Olivier) individuals were dissected, the thoracic salivary glands removed and processed for scanning electronic microscopy and histological examination. The P. versicolor thoracic salivary gland presents alveolar secretory units, consists of pseudoacines and does not have a reservoir. Four types of cells are present in the gland. The T1 and T2 cells make up the pseudoacines and differ mainly by the many secretory vessels in T2. There is a cluster of T3 cells at the base of the gland duct collectors, also with secretory characteristics. The secretion produced in the pseudoacines is conducted by canals and ducts to the outside, and the latter are made of T4 cells. The comparison of these characteristics with those of different Hymenoptera species, already studied, showed that the thoracic salivary gland cannot be used as a single comparison factor in evolutionary studies.

Male behavior in colonies of the social wasp Polistes lanio (Hymenoptera, Vespidae)

Giannotti, Edilberto
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 551-555
ENG
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Sixteen post-emergent colonies of Polistes lanio were studied while producing males in the course of the colonial cycle. Individually, they remained in the nest only 10.5 days (5-31, n=165). Twelve different male behaviors were observed: remaining immobile on the nest (82,8%), giving alarm (4,8%), flying out from the nest (2,4%), copulating on the nest (2,4%), being dominated (1,6%), self-grooming (1,2%), checking cells (1,2%), adult-adult trophallaxis (receiving food) (0,8%), larva-adult trophallaxis (0,8%), chewing prey and giving it to the larvae (0,8%), returning to the nest without food (0,8%), and fanning the nest (0,4%). In comparison to the behavioral repertory of females (28 items), they performed fewer tasks and remained immobile most of the time on the nest. Their behavior was largely related to self maintenance, but also included giving chewed prey to the larvae, giving alarm signals and fanning the nest.

Hyaluronidase from the venom of the social wasp Polybia paulista (Hymenoptera, Vespidae): Cloning, structural modeling, purification, and immunological analysis

Justo Jacomini, Débora Laís; Campos Pereira, Franco Dani; Aparecido dos Santos Pinto, José Roberto; dos Santos, Lucilene Delazari; da Silva Neto, Antonio Joaquim; Giratto, Danielli Thieza; Palma, Mario Sergio; de Lima Zollner, Ricardo; Brochetto Braga,
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 70-80
ENG
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In this study, we describe the cDNA cloning, sequencing, and 3-D structure of the allergen hyaluronidase from Polybia paulista venom (Pp-Hyal). Using a proteomic approach, the native form of Pp-Hyal was purified to homogeneity and used to produce a Pp-specific polyclonal antibody. The results revealed that Pp-Hyal can be classified as a glycosyl hydrolase and that the full-length Pp-Hyal cDNA (1315 bp; GI: 302201582) is similar (80-90%) to hyaluronidase from the venoms of endemic Northern wasp species. The isolated mature protein is comprised of 338 amino acids, with a theoretical pI of 8.77 and a molecular mass of 39,648.8 Da versus a pI of 8.13 and 43,277.0 Da indicated by MS. The Pp-Hyal 3D-structural model revealed a central core (α/β)7 barrel, two sulfide bonds (Cys 19-308 and Cys 185-197), and three putative glycosylation sites (Asn79, Asn187, and Asn325), two of which are also found in the rVes v 2 protein. Based on the model, residues Ser299, Asp107, and Glu109 interact with the substrate and potential epitopes (five conformational and seven linear) located at surface-exposed regions of the structure. Purified native Pp-Hyal showed high similarity (97%) with hyaluronidase from Polistes annularis venom (Q9U6V9). Immunoblotting analysis confirmed the specificity of the Pp-Hyal-specific antibody as it recognized the Pp-Hyal protein in both the purified fraction and P. paulista crude venom. No reaction was observed with the venoms of Apis mellifera...

Glândula ectomandibular e comportamento de Polistes versicolor (Olivier) (Hymenoptera, vespidae)

Pietrobon, Thiago Augusto Ortega
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: v, 157 f. : il., gráfs., tabs., fots.
POR
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Pós-graduação em Ciências Biológicas (Zoologia) - IBRC; A espécie Polistes versicolor tem se mostrado um excelente modelo para o estudo com vespas eussociais primitivas neotropicais, pela distribuição ampla, número de trabalhos já realizados com ela, tipo de organização social e por pertencer a um gênero considerado chave na compreensão da evolução do comportamento social. O presente trabalho apresenta os resultados do estudo comportamental, associado à análise histoquímica da glândula ectomandibular e à descrição do processo de morte celular programada desta glândula. Apresenta também nota a respeito de infecção viral nas células epiteliais próximas à glândula ectomandibular desta vespa. Polistes versicolor apresenta colônia monogínica, em qualquer fase do desenvolvimento colonial. As subordinadas apresentam especialização momentânea, sendo que todos os indivíduos são capazes de desenvolver qualquer atividade, independente de idade ou casta. Os machos apresentam comportamentos de cuidado com a prole e manutenção do ninho, porém em freqüências bastante baixas. Os indivíduos de uma colônia podem ser divididos em 3 grupos de acordo com a função que desempenham. Estes grupos são variáveis de acordo com a fase do desenvolvimento da colônia. A glândula ectomandibular de P. versicolor apresenta proteínas...

Análise proteômica do veneno da vespa social Polistes lanio lanio (Hymenoptera; vespidae)

Dias, Nathalia Baptista
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: 65 f.
POR
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Os venenos dos insetos da ordem Hymenoptera (abelhas, vespas e formigas) são responsáveis por um grande número de acidentes causados por ferroadas. Estes acidentes podem produzir uma série de reações, variando desde uma reação local, até uma reação sistêmica e anafilaxia. Estudos mostraram que 0,8% a 5% da população mundial sofrem de reações sistêmicas generalizadas após ferroadas de insetos pertencentes à ordem Hymenoptera. As espécies pertencentes ao gênero Polistes são tipicamente encontradas no sudeste do Brasil, causando muitos acidentes por ferroadas devido principalmente à proximidade dos ninhos destes insetos das habitações humanas. P.lanio lanio é uma das vespas sociais que mais causam acidentes no Estado de São Paulo e pouco se sabe sobre a composição de seu veneno. As vespas do gênero Polistes são capazes de ferroar múltiplas vezes e causar reações alérgicas severas. Dessa forma, a identificação das proteínas mais abundantes do veneno da vespa social Polistes lanio lanio por uma abordagem proteômica, se faz necessária para uma melhor compreensão dos mecanismos de ação desse veneno. A identificação de várias proteínas do veneno de P. l. lanio, revelou importantes aspectos sobre o processo de envenenamento por vespas do gênero Polistes...

Atividades biológicas de peçonhas de vespa (Polistes lanio lanio) e formiga (Paraponera clavata); Biological activities of wasp (Polistes lanio lanio) and ant (Paraponera clavata)

Delano Aníbal da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/04/2011 PT
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As peçonhas de himenópteros contêm diversas toxinas que podem causar hemólise, cardiotoxicidade e insuficiência renal, além de reação de hipersensibilidade. Adicionalmente, algumas vespas e formigas utilizam sua peçonha para imobilizar ou matar a presa. Neste estudo analisamos as atividades fosfolipásica (PLA2) e hemolítica bem como a atividade biológica sobre íleo e átrio isolados de rato, e sobre coração semi-isolado de barata, das peçonhas de formiga (Paraponera clavata) e vespa (Polistes lanio lanio). A eletroforese das peçonhas (SDS-PAGE) revelou a presença de componentes com massas moleculares de ~22 kDa a 100 kDa em P. clavata e de 19 a 119 kDa em P. l. lanio. Já a cromatografia por gel filtração resultou em cinco picos principais para a peçonha de P. clavata e seis para a de P. l. lanio. A peçonha de P. clavata possuiu atividades PLA2 e hemolítica moderadas, que foram abolidas pelo aquecimento (100ºC, 20 min). A peçonha de P. clavata (0,1-3 ?g/ml) contraiu íleo isolado de rato, cujo efeito foi dessensibilizante e resistente ao aquecimento da peçonha. Esta atividade contraturante foi localizada no primeiro pico do perfil de eluição da cromatografia por gel filtração. Em átrio isolado de rato a peçonha de P. clavata (0...

Allozyme variation and sociogenetic structure of Polistes satan Bequaert 1940 colonies (Hymenoptera, Vespidae)

Gaspar,Jane Cristina Wehren; López-Uribe,Margarita María; Del Lama,Marco Antônio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2007 EN
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We collected 40 colonies of the wasp Polistes satan in November 1993 (Population A = 23 colonies) and October 1995 (Population B = 17 colonies) from the town of Delfinopólis in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. Pupae from these nests were used to assess allozyme variation and genetic relatedness among nestmates. Of the 24 gene loci sampled six showed allozyme polymorphism (Est-2, Pgm-1, 6Pgd, Hk-1, Idh and Pep-A) and all loci except Idh were at Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Populations A and B showed distinct intra-loci heterozygosities, but similar average heterozygosity over all loci. Significant inter-population differentiation (Fst = 0.051; p < 0.01) was detected, probably due to genetic drift driven by bottlenecking that occurred due to the first sampling. Mean intra-colony relatedness values between female broods (rA = 0,525 ± 0.063; rB = 0,456 ± 0.103) indicated that P. satan has a simple sociogenetic structure where one female takes on most of the reproductive tasks but, eventually, subordinates also reproduce in the colony.

Genetic characterization of the peptidases of Polistes versicolor (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)

Del Lama,M. A.; Ferreira,K. M.
Fonte: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia Publicador: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2003 EN
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Starch gel electrophoresis with L-leucyl-beta-naphthylamide as substrate revealed five aminopeptidases in extracts of Polistes versicolor. These enzymes are presumably products of five structural gene loci. All but Lap¹ aminopeptidases exhibited differential distribution in the developmental stages and in the tissues. Five dipeptidases were revealed with different dipeptides. These enzymes exhibited significant differences in their substrate preferences, but a more homogeneous distribution throughout ontogenetic developmental stages than did aminopeptidases. Electrophoretic variants of Lap4 and PepA² were detected and although a low intralocus heterozygosity was found due to the low frequency of these variants, phenotypical segregation observed at these loci in pupae extracts of some colonies points to the occurrence of more than one egg-laying female. Otherwise, the detection of Lap4 allozyme restricted to nests of one area suggests low dispersion ability of the adults of Polistes versicolor.

A diapause pathway underlies the gyne phenotype in Polistes wasps, revealing an evolutionary route to caste-containing insect societies

Hunt, James H.; Kensinger, Bart J.; Kossuth, Jessica A.; Henshaw, Michael T.; Norberg, Kari; Wolschin, Florian; Amdam, Gro V.
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Colonies of social wasps, ants, and bees are characterized by the production of two phenotypes of female offspring, workers that remain at their natal nest and nonworkers that are potential colony reproductives of the next generation. The phenotype difference includes morphology and is fixed during larval development in ants, honey bees, and some social wasps, all of which represent an advanced state of sociality. Paper wasps (Polistes) lack morphological castes and are thought to more closely resemble an ancestral state of sociality wherein the phenotype difference between workers and nonworkers is established only during adult life. We address an alternative hypothesis: a bias toward the potential reproductive (gyne) phenotype among Polistes female offspring occurs during larval development and is based on a facultatively expressed ancestral life history trait: diapause. We show that two signatures of diapause (extended maturation time and enhanced synthesis and sequestration of a hexameric storage protein) characterize the development of gyne offspring in Polistes metricus. Hexameric storage proteins are implicated in silencing juvenile hormone signaling, which is a prerequisite for diapause. Diverging hexamerin protein dynamics driven by changes in larval provisioning levels thereby provide one possible mechanism that can cause an adaptive shift in phenotype bias during the Polistes colony cycle. This ontogenetic basis for alternative female phenotypes in Polistes challenges the view that workers and gynes represent behavior options equally available to every female offspring...

Thermoregulation of water foraging wasps (Vespula vulgaris and Polistes dominulus)

Kovac, Helmut; Stabentheiner, Anton; Schmaranzer, Sigurd
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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A comparison of the thermoregulation of water foraging wasps (Vespula vulgaris, Polistes dominulus) under special consideration of ambient temperature and solar radiation was conducted. The body surface temperature of living and dead wasps was measured by infrared thermography under natural conditions in their environment without disturbing the insects’ behaviour. The body temperature of both of them was positively correlated with Ta and solar radiation. At moderate Ta (22–28 °C) the regression lines revealed mean thorax temperatures (Tth) of 35.5–37.5 °C in Vespula, and of 28.6–33.7 °C in Polistes. At high Ta (30–39 °C) Tth was 37.2–40.6 °C in Vespula and 37.0–40.8 °C in Polistes. The thorax temperature excess (Tth–Ta) increased at moderate Ta by 1.9 °C (Vespula) and 4.4 °C (Polistes) per kW−1 m−2. At high Ta it increased by 4.0 °C per kW−1 m−2 in both wasps. A comparison of the living water foraging Vespula and Polistes with dead wasps revealed a great difference in their thermoregulatory behaviour. At moderate Ta (22–28 °C) Vespula exhibited distinct endothermy in contrast to Polistes, which showed only a weak endothermic activity. At high Ta (30–39 °C) Vespula reduced their active heat production...

Respiration and metabolism of the resting European paper wasp (Polistes dominulus)

Käfer, Helmut; Kovac, Helmut; Oswald, Barbara; Stabentheiner, Anton
Fonte: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Publicador: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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The European paper wasp, Polistes dominulus Christ, is an abundant wasp species in South and Central Europe which dispersed to the north in recent times. Polistes dominulus exhibits an energy-extensive mode of life, spending much time resting at the nest, which should be reflected in adaptations regarding gas exchange and standard metabolism. We analysed the resting metabolism (CO2 emission) of Polistes dominulus workers in the ambient temperature range an individual may be exposed to during a breeding season (Ta = 2.4–40.6 °C) via flow through respirometry. Behaviour and endothermic activity were assessed by infrared thermography. With rising Ta, CO2 release followed an exponential increase from 27 to 149 and 802 nl g−1 min−1 at Ta = 3, 20 and 35 °C, respectively. Measurements of the thermal regime at the nest showed that resting P. dominulus are most of the time in the lower range of their standard metabolic curve. A comparison with a “highly energetic” wasp like Vespula sp. revealed that Polistes dominulus not only optimises behaviour but also reduces metabolism to save energy. The CO2 emission patterns changed with ambient temperature, from discontinuous (≤25 °C) to cyclic (25–36 °C) and continuous gas exchange at higher temperatures. A pronounced break appeared in the data progression regarding cycle frequency and CO2 emission per gas exchange cycle between 15 and 10 °C. This striking change in gas exchange features indicates a physiological adaptation to special respiratory requirements at low temperatures.

Flight range extension in Polistes simillimus Zikán, 1951 (Hymenoptera, Vespidae)

Prezoto,Fábio; Gobbi,Nivar
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2005 EN
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The aim of this study was to determine the flight range extension of the social wasps, Polistes simillimus. The results of the 125 wasps-carried out tests originating from 10 colonies in post-emergency stage demonstrated that the flight range extension of P. simillimus was of approximately 150m, resulting in a collection area of about 70.650m² by colony. It suggested wasp's efficiency as a biological control agent.

Presencia de una nueva avispa social exótica, Polistes dominulus (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) en la Patagonia argentina

Sackmann,Paula; Villacide,José Marka; Corley,Juan
Fonte: Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina Publicador: Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2003 ES
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La presencia de la avispa social Polistes dominulus (Christ) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) fue detectada en el jardkn de una vivienda de la localidad de El Bolsón (Rko Negro), siendo el primer registro para la Argentina. Esta especie de origen Paleirtico, se encuentra establecida en Chile desde hace 20 años.