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Pheromone paths attached to the substrate in meliponine bees: helpful but not obligatory for recruitment success

SCHORKOPF, Dirk Louis P.; MORAWETZ, Linde; BENTO, Jose M. S.; ZUCCHI, Ronaldo; BARTH, Friedrich G.
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.15%
In contrast to marking of the location of resources or sexual partners using single-spot pheromone sources, pheromone paths attached to the substrate and assisting orientation are rarely found among flying organisms. However, they do exist in meliponine bees (Apidae, Apinae, Meliponini), commonly known as stingless bees, which represent a group of important pollinators in tropical forests. Worker bees of several Neotropical meliponine species, especially in the genus Scaptotrigona Moure 1942, deposit pheromone paths on substrates between highly profitable resources and their nest. In contrast to past results and claims, we find that these pheromone paths are not an indispensable condition for successful recruitment but rather a means to increase the success of recruiters in persuading their nestmates to forage food at a particular location. Our results are relevant to a speciation theory in scent path-laying meliponine bees, such as Scaptotrigona. In addition, the finding that pheromone path-laying bees are able to recruit to food locations even across barriers such as large bodies of water affects tropical pollination ecology and theories on the evolution of resource communication in insect societies with a flying worker caste.; Austrian Science Fund FWF[P17530]

Identification of trail pheromone compounds from the labial glands of the stingless bee Geotrigona mombuca

STANGLER, Eva S.; JARAU, Stefan; HRNCIR, Michael; ZUCCHI, Ronaldo; AYASSE, Manfred
Fonte: BIRKHAUSER VERLAG AG Publicador: BIRKHAUSER VERLAG AG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.15%
Foragers of several species of stingless bees deposit pheromone spots in the vegetation to guide recruited nestmates to a rich food source. Recent studies have shown that Trigona and Scaptotrigona workers secrete these pheromones from their labial glands. An earlier report stated that species within the genus Geotrigona use citral from their mandibular glands for scent marking. Since convincing experimental proof for this conjecture is lacking, we studied the glandular origin of the trail pheromone of Geotrigona mombuca. In field bioassays, newly recruited bees were diverted by artificial scent trails that branched off from the natural scent trail deposited by their nestmates only when they were baited with extracts from the foragers` labial glands. Compounds extracted from the mandibular glands, however, did not release trail following behavior. This demonstrates that the trail pheromone of G. mombuca is produced in the labial glands, as in Trigona and Scaptotrigona. Furthermore, in chemical analyses citral was identified exclusively in the foragers` mandibular glands, which disproves its supposed role as a trail pheromone. The labial glands contained a series of terpene- and wax type esters, with farnesyl butanoate as major constituent. We...

The host marking pheromone application on the management of fruit flies - a review

Silva, Márcio Alves; Bezerra-Silva, Gerane Celly Dias; Mastrangelo, Thiago
Fonte: Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology Publicador: Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.94%
The aim of this work was to review the role of the host marking pheromone (HMP) and its application in integrated management programs for the fruit flies. Initially the oviposition behavior of tephritids has been analyzed with emphasis on Ceratitis capitata. The deposition of HMP, which consists in the last stage of the oviposition behavior has been characterized and discussed about evolutive aspects and the biological meaning of the tephritidae communication through the HMP. Finally, the perspectives on the use of HMP in the integrated management of fruit flies have been discussed.

Isolamento, identificação, síntese e avaliação de campo do feromônio sexual do minador-dos-citros, Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton, 1856 (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae); Isolation, identification, synthesis and field evaluation of the sex pheromone from the citrus leafminer, Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton, 1856 (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae)

Parra-Pedrazzoli, Ana Lia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/02/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Objetivou-se neste trabalho isolar, identificar e sintetizar o feromônio sexual de Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton, 1856 (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), bem como avaliar a sua eficiência em condições de campo, visando a racionalização de controle desta praga dentro de um contexto de Manejo Integrado das Pragas de citros. A pesquisa foi desenvolvido parte no Laboratório de Biologia de Insetos do Departamento de Entomologia, Fitopatologia e Zoologia Agrícola da Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz” (ESALQ), Piracicaba, da Universidade de São Paulo (USP), parte no Laboratório de Ecologia Química “Maeda-Duffey” do Departamento de Entomologia da Universidade da Califórnia (Davis-EUA) e parte no Departamento de Agricultura dos Estados Unidos da América (USDA, Peoria, EUA). Diariamente, glândulas de feromônio de um grupo de 200 fêmeas com dois dias de idade, foram extraídas em um intervalo de no máximo duas horas, iniciando uma hora antes da fotofase. As extremidades dos abdômens foram imersas em solvente hexano por cerca de 1 h. Foram acumulados 5.000 equivalentes-fêmea e este extrato natural foi transferido para ampolas de vidro, as quais foram seladas e enviadas para Davis, EUA (Universidade da Califórnia). Usando a antena do macho como detector biológico...

Variabilidade do feromônio sexual de diferentes populações brasileiras de Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae); Variability of sex pheromone of different Brazilian populations of Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Zazycki, Luiza Cristiane Fialho
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/05/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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S. frugiperda é uma praga chave no cultivo de milho. A espécie é polífaga e apresenta variações intraespecíficas, sendo caracterizada em dois grupos em função do seu hospedeiro - raça 'Milho' e raça 'Arroz' - onde indivíduos morfologicamente idênticos apresentam cargas genéticas distintas. Essas variações podem ser observadas na formação de subgrupos, os quais podem ser compostos por indivíduos geograficamente distintos ou pela forma como se distribuem dentro das populações refletindo diretamente nos padrões de acasalamento da espécie. Em razão disso, este trabalho teve por objetivo compreender a variabilidade genética de populações brasileiras de S. frugiperda e como ela está associada com a produção de diferentes compostos feromonais ou à variação na taxa desses compostos. Para tal, foram coletadas lagartas de S. frugiperda em 6 localidades brasileiras (Santo Augusto-RS, São Raimundo das Mangabeiras-MA, Dourados-MS, Sinop-MT, Assis-SP, e Santa Helena de Goiás-GO). As populações foram avaliadas quanto a sua diversidade genética, perfil cromatográfico das repostas em eletroantenografia (CG-EAG), produção do feromônio e respostas comportamentais em túnel de vento. Os resultados demonstraram uma frequência variável entre as raças de 'Milho' e 'Arroz' nas populações brasileiras de S. frugiperda de acordo com o local e época de amostragem. Foram constatados um elevado número de haplótipos nas populações brasileiras...

Functionality of the paracoccidioides mating α-pheromone-receptor system

Gomes, Jéssica Angélica Rezende; Alves, Ana G. Gomes; Menino, João F.; Coelho, Marco; Ludovico, Paula; Gonçalves, Paula; Sturme, Mark H. J.; Rodrigues, Fernando José dos Santos
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.25%
Recent evidence suggests that Paracoccidioides species have the potential to undergo sexual reproduction, although no sexual cycle has been identified either in nature or under laboratory conditions. In the present work we detected low expression levels of the heterothallic MAT loci genes MAT1-1 and MAT1-2, the a-pheromone (PBa) gene, and the a- and apheromone receptor (PREB and PREA) genes in yeast and mycelia forms of several Paracoccidioides isolates. None of the genes were expressed in a mating type dependent manner. Stimulation of P. brasiliensis MAT1-2 strains with the synthetic a pheromone peptide failed to elicit transcriptional activation of MAT1-2, PREB or STE12, suggesting that the strains tested are insensitive to a-pheromone. In order to further evaluate the biological functionality of the pair a-pheromone and its receptor, we took advantage of the heterologous expression of these Paracoccidioides genes in the corresponding S. cerevisiae null mutants. We show that S. cerevisiae strains heterologously expressing PREB respond to Pba pheromone either isolated from Paracoccidioides culture supernatants or in its synthetic form, both by shmoo formation and by growth and cell cycle arrests. This allowed us to conclude that Paracoccidioides species secrete an active a-pheromone into the culture medium that is able to activate its cognate receptor. Moreover...

Behavioral and olfactory responses of female Salaria pavo (Pisces: Blenniidae) to a putative multi-component male pheromone

Barata, Eduardo N.; Serrano, Rui M.; Birkett, Michael A.; Hubbard, Peter C.; Guerreiro, Patricia S.; Canário, Adelino V.M.
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 316093 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The peacock blenny, Salaria pavo (Risso 1810), typically breeds in rocky shores of the Mediterranean and adjacent Atlantic coast. Males defend a territory around a hole or cavity wherein females deposit eggs that the male guards until hatching. A pair of exocrine glands on the anal fin (anal glands) of males produces a putative pheromone involved in attraction of reproductively competent females to the nest. We used behavioral assays to assess species specific attraction of reproductively competent females to putative male pheromones, including the anal gland pheromone. Additionally, chromatographic fractions of anal glands and male-conditioned water were tested for olfactory potency in females by electro-olfactogram analysis (EOG). In a flow-through tank or fluviarium, reproductive females were attracted to male-conditioned water and to the anal gland macerate from conspecifics but not to those of a closely related heterospecific. In addition, attraction of reproductive females to conspecific anal gland macerate occurred only during their initial upstream movement in the fluviarium; this was an ephemeral response when compared with the response to male-conditioned water that attracted females throughout the entire period of observation (5 min). Reproductive females also were attracted during the entire period of observation to water-conditioned by conspecific males whose anal glands had been removed. However...

Attraction of Planococcus ficus males to racemic and chiral pheromone baits: flight activity and bait longevity

Zada, A.; Dunkelblum, E.; Assael, F.; Franco, J.C.; Silva, E.B.; Protasov, A.; Mendel, Z.
Fonte: Blackwell Publicador: Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The vine mealybug (VM), Planococcus ficus (Signoret), is a worldwide pest and affects mainly grapevine and figs. In Israel, (S)-lavandulyl senecioate [(S)-LS] and (S)-lavandulyl isovalerate [(S)-LI] were identified from VM reared for several generations on potato sprouts, when compared with the identification of only (S)-LS from feral females. Racemic lavandulyl senecioate (LS) can be used for fieldwork because the unnatural enantiomer is benign and does not affect the activity of the pheromone. Lures loaded with 200 lg of LS remained active for 24 weeks but it is recommended to replace lures after 12 weeks to preserve constant and high attractiveness. Delta sticky traps, baited with 50 or 200 lg of LS were used to determine the daily flight pattern and the seasonal flight activity including vine plant infestation. A positive correlation between peak mealybug density and male capture was observed strengthening the usefulness of the pheromone traps for monitoring the pest. Addition of racemic or the two enantiomers of lavandulyl isovalerate (LI) to LS decreased the capture of VM males. The level of inhibition varied during 2003–2004. Both enantiomers of LI displayed the same antagonistic activity. Addition of (S)-lavandulol to the pheromone resulted in shutdown of the traps. Inhibition by the antipode...

Preliminary laboratory and field trials of a heated pheromone trap for the sandfly lutzomyia logipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae)

Ward,Richard D.; Morton,Ian E.; Brazil,Reginaldo P.; Trumper,Sheila; Falcão,Alda L.
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/1990 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A heated pheromone trap for the sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis was tested in the laboratory using filter paper or plastic vial dispensers. Male pheromone extracted from 8 male tergal glands and absorbed on to filter paper dispensers attracted 82/120 (68.3%) of virgin females released in cages. Similarly plastic vial dispensers baited with the extract of 24 males caught 73/120 (61%). In field trials carried out near januária, Minas Gerais, Brazil using the plastic dispensers baited with extracts of 50 male tergal glands only 70 female L. longipalpis were captured. Over 1000 male flies were, however, caught during 6 nights, with greater numbers in the unbaited control traps than in the pheromone baited test traps. It is concluded that at excessive concentrations male L. longipalpis pheromone may act as a repellent to conspecific males.

Methodology in structural determination and synthesis of insect pheromone

Lin,Guo-Qiang; Zhou,Wei-Shan
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1991 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.15%
By means of ethereal washing of insect pheromone glands of female moths, GC-MS detection along with microchemical reactions and electroantennogram (EAG) survey, six economically important insect species were targeted for pheromone identification. The discovery of a natural pheromone inhibitor, chemo-selectivity and species isolation by pheromone will be described. The modified triple bond migration and triethylamine liganded vinyl cuprate were applied for achiral pheromone synthesis in double bond formation. Some optically active pheromones and their stereoisomers were synthesized through chiral pool or asymmetric synthesis. Some examples of chiral recognition of insects towards their chiral pheromones will be discussed. A CaH2 and silica gel catalyzed Sharpless Expoxidation Reaction was found in shortening the reaction time.

Field capture of Thyanta perditor with pheromone-baited traps

Laumann,Raúl Alberto; Moraes,Maria Carolina Blassioli; Khrimian,Ashot; Borges,Miguel
Fonte: Embrapa Informação Tecnológica; Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira Publicador: Embrapa Informação Tecnológica; Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.19%
The objective of this work was to evaluate the field attractiveness of Thyanta perditor synthetic sex pheromone-baited traps, its attractivity to other stink bug species, and the response of T. perditor to a geometric isomer of the sex pheromone. Two-liter transparent plastic bottles traps were baited with rubber septa impregnated with the treatments: 1 mg of methyl-(2E,4Z,6Z)-decatrienoate [(2E,4Z,6Z)-10:COOMe], the male sex pheromone of T. perditor; 1 mg of (2E,4Z,6Z)-10:COOMe protected from sunlight in standard PVC plumbing pipe; 1 mg of its geometric isomer [(2E,4E,6Z)-10:COOMe]; and traps with rubber septa impregnated with hexane (control). The experiment was carried out in field during the soybean reproductive stages. Traps were monitored weekly, and the captures were compared to the population density estimated by the sampling cloth and visual inspection monitoring techniques. Traps baited with the sex pheromone, protected or not, were more effective in capturing T. perditor than traps baited with the isomer or the hexane. Thyanta perditor sex pheromone showed cross-attraction to other stink bug species, such as Euschistus heros, Edessa meditabunda, Piezodorus guildinii and Nezara viridula. Pheromone-baited traps can be used in population monitoring and to identify the relative composition of stink bug guilds.

Initial studies of mating disruption of the tomato moth, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) using synthetic sex pheromone

Michereff Filho,Miguel; Vilela,Evaldo F.; Jham,Gulab N.; Attygalle,Athula; Svatos,Ales; Meinwald,Jerrold
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.19%
The potential of the synthetic major component of T. absoluta (Meyrick) sex pheromone for mating disruption was studied in small plots (0.01 hectares) with fresh-market tomato crop. The effects of the application of the sex pheromone 3E,8Z,11Z-14:Ac (from 0 to 80 g a.i./ha) were assessed on male orientation to pheromone baited traps, mating in cages and plant damage. The highest levels of interruption in male orientation (60-90%) were found in plots treated with 35 to 50 g/ha of sex pheromone. However, no treatment with pheromone was capable of significantly reducing the percentage of mined leaflets or bored fruits or the frequency of mating in cages compared to the control plots. The failure in mating disruption technique may be attributed to the composition of the synthetic pheromone, doses used, high pest population density, and mated female migration to the area treated.

Age and time related pheromone production in coffee leafminer Leucoptera coffeella Guérin-Méneville (Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae)

Lima,Eraldo R.; Vilela,Evaldo F.; Della Lucia,Terezinha M. C.; Ataíde,Lívia M. S.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.22%
This study was undertaken to access the pattern of sex pheromone production in glands of virgin females of Leucoptera coffeella as an indirect measure of the calling behavior. The major compound, 5,9-dimethylpentadecane (1) was extracted from pheromone glands of virgin females to be used in two experiments. The first one investigated the effect of the pheromone production time by females (extracts of 10 females with age of two days were carried out at 2-hour intervals). The other experiment evaluated the effect of female age on pheromone production (10 females with age ranged from 1 to 5 days after emergence class were used). Hexane extracts were made with 5 ng µL-1 of 5,9-dimethylheptadecane (2) as internal standard and analyzed by GC. Females had the highest amount of pheromone at the last four hours in the dark and the two first hours in the light period. One-day old females produced the highest amount of pheromone in the glands.

Insect pheromone research in South America

Bergmann,Jan; González,Andrés; Zarbin,Paulo H. G.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.1%
Insect pheromone research has a long and rich history built up primarily by studies conducted in the Northern hemisphere. Not surprisingly, these studies have largely targeted species relevant to these regions of the world, for the most part agricultural and forest pests. Pheromone research in South American countries came a few decades behind, albeit their strong dependence in agriculture and therefore in pest management. In the last 20 years, a combination of economic, environmental and technical factors have come together to generate a small but rising number of chemical ecologists working in pheromone chemistry and biology in South America. In this article we summarize the results of this trend. We review pheromone studies in which South American scientists have participated in collaboration with foreign scientists, mostly chemistry groups, as well as the ever-growing number of studies carried out completely within the region. We have focused mainly in research involving the characterization of pheromones from native species, which involve the most important insect orders, namely Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, Heteroptera and Hymenoptera. We also present a simple meta-analysis including geographical distribution, trends in collaborative or independent work...

Synthesis and field evaluation of synthetic blends of the sex pheromone of Crocidosema aporema (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in soybean

González,Andrés; Altesor,Paula; Alves,Leticia; Liberati,Paola; Silva,Horacio; Ramos,Juan; Carrera,Ignacio; González,David; Seoane,Gustavo; Rossini,Carmen; Castiglioni,Enrique; Gamenara,Daniela
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.19%
Crocidosema (= Epinotia) aporema (Walsingham) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) is a bud borer that feeds on soybean and forage legumes. Its economic importance is restricted to South America, where it can alternate throughout the year between forage and grain legumes. The sex pheromone of C. aporema females is composed of a 15:1 mixture of (7Z,9Z)-dodeca-7,9-dien-1-ol and (7Z,9Z)-dodeca-7,9-dienyl acetate. Aiming at the development of a monitoring tool, it was synthesized both components of the pheromone and evaluated male captures in pheromone traps baited with different blends of synthetic pheromone, in an experimental soybean field in Uruguay. The conjugated dienes were obtained from 2-pentyn-1-ol and 1,7-heptanediol, by oxidation of the former, Wittig coupling and Zn-catalyzed reduction of the triple bond. The 1:1 mixture was the most efficient in capturing males. The pheromone traps were attractive for up to 40 days, even with small septum loads (0.1 mg) and low population levels.

The mothematics of female pheromone signaling: strategies for aging virgins

Umbers, Kate D. L.; Symonds, Matthew R. E.; Kokko, Hanna
Fonte: University of Chicago Press Publicador: University of Chicago Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Although females rarely experience strong mate limitation, delays or lifelong problems of mate acquisition are detrimental to female fitness. In systems where males search for females via pheromone plumes, it is often difficult to assess whether female signaling is costly. Direct costs include the energetics of pheromone production and attention from unwanted eavesdroppers, such as parasites, parasitoids, and predators. Suboptimal outcomes are also possible from too many or too few mating events or near-simultaneous arrival of males who make unwanted mating attempts (even if successfully thwarted). We show that, in theory, even small costs can lead to a scenario where young females signal less intensely (lower pheromone concentration and/or shorter time spent signaling) and increase signaling effort only as they age and gather evidence (while still virgin) on whether sperm limitation threatens their reproductive success. Our synthesis of the empirical data available on Lepidoptera supports this prediction for one frequently reported component of signaling-time spent calling (often reported as the time of onset of calling at night)-but not for another, pheromone titer. This difference is explicable under the plausible but currently untested assumption that signaling earlier than other females each night is a more reliable way of increasing the probability of acquiring at least one mate than producing a more concentrated pheromone plume.; We acknowledge funding by the Australian Research Council and the Finnish Academy.

Processing of sting pheromone and its components in the antennal lobe of the worker honeybee

Wang, Shunpeng; Sato, Katsushige; Giurfa, Martin; Zhang, Shao Wu
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In the honeybee Apis mellifera, a sting pheromone produced by sting glands plays an important role in coordinating defensive behavior. This pheromone is a blend constituted by several components. Little is known about the neural substrates underlying stin

(11z,13E)-Hexadecadien-1-yI Acetate: Sex Pheromone of the Grass Webworm Herpetogramma licarsisalis - Identification, Synthesis, and Field Bioassays

Gibb, Andrew R.; Suckling, D. Max; El-Sayed, Ashraf M.; Bohman, Bjorn; Unelius, C.R.; Dymock, Jennifer J.; Larsen, Michelle L; Willoughby, Bruce E.
Fonte: Plenum Publishing Corporation Publicador: Plenum Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.03%
The grass webworm Herpetogramma licarsisalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), which has recently established in pasture in Northland, New Zealand, is an important pest of many tropical and subtropical grasses. Two pheromone components, (Z)-11-hexadecen-1-yl acet

Responses of the olfactory receptor neurons of the corn stalk borer Sesamia nonagrioides to components of the pheromone blend and their inhibition by a trifluoromethyl ketone analogue of the main component

Quero, Carmen; Bau, Josep; Guerrero, Ángel; Renou, Michel
Fonte: John Wiley & Sons Publicador: John Wiley & Sons
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 22195 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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8 pages, 7 figures, 1 table.-- PMID: 15260305 [PubMed].-- Printed version published Jul 2004.; Two types of olfactory hairs and three types of olfactory receptor neurons (ORN) have been characterized on the antennae of male Sesamia nonagrioides Lef for the first time. Type A sensilla housed a cell which fired large spikes in response to (Z)-11-hexadecenyl acetate (Z11-16:Ac), the major component of the sex pheromone, and a second cell firing smaller spikes in response to (Z)-11-hexadecenal (Z11-16:Ald), a minor component of the pheromone blend. Type B sensilla housed one cell firing large spikes to Z11-16:Ac and a cell firing smaller spikes to another minor component of the pheromone blend, (Z)-11-hexadecenyl alcohol (Z11-16:OH). No cell responding to dodecyl acetate, another minor component of the natural extract, was found. Fluorinated ketones were tested as inhibitors of the cell responses to pheromone compounds. The fluorinated derivatives tested, (Z)-11-hexadecenyl trifluoromethyl ketone (Z11-16:TFMK), n-hexadecyl trifluoromethyl ketone (16:TFMK), (Z,E)-9,11-tetradecadienyl trifluoromethyl ketone (Z9,E11-14:TFMK), 3-octylthio-1,1,1-trifluoropropan-2-one (OTFP), (Z)-11-tetradecenyl trifluoromethyl ketone (Z11-14:TFMK) and 1,1-difluoro-(Z)-11-hexadecenyl methyl ketone (Z11-16:DFMK)...

Antagonism of pheromone response of Ostrinia nubilalis males and implications on behavior in the laboratory and in the field

Riba, Magi; Sans, Albert; Solé, Joan; Muñoz, Lourdes; Bosch, María Pilar; Rosell, Gloria; Guerrero, Ángel
Fonte: American Chemical Society Publicador: American Chemical Society
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 22195 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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8 pages, 3 figures, 2 tables.-- PMID: 15713034 [PubMed].-- Printed version published Feb 23, 2005.; The antagonistic effect on the pheromone response and catabolism of male European corn borers, Ostrinia nubilalis, by several trifluoromethyl ketones is reported. (Z)-11-Tetradecenyl trifluoromethyl ketone (Z11-14:TFMK), the most closely related analogue of the main component of the pheromone, elicits a remarkable disruptive effect on close approach and source contact of males flying to a source baited with mixtures of the pheromone and the antagonist in 5:1 and 10:1 ratios. In this experiment, the male displayed an erratic flight track with frequent counter turns and intersections with the plume. In the field, the TFMK significantly lowered the number of males caught when mixed with the pheromone in a 10:1 ratio in comparison with the natural attractant. The compound was also a good inhibitor of the antennal esterase of the insect with a IC50 value of 0.28 μM. The homologous (Z)-10-tridecenyl trifluoromethyl ketone, with one carbon less in the chain, also elicited an antagonistic effect in the wind tunnel, but in the field, the results were not conclusive. The effect induced was lower than the one displayed by Z11-14:TFMK including the activity as the esterase inhibitor (IC50 value of 7.55 μM). The saturated tetradecyl trifluoromethyl ketone...