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Sistemas de transportes terrestres de passageiros em tempos de reestruturação produtiva na região metropolitana de São Paulo; Terrestrial passengers transport system in productive restructuration times in São Paulo metropolitan area

Ulian, Flávia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/10/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.33%
Esta Tese foi formulada buscando responder a uma problemática central: a reestruturação produtiva induz a uma redefinição do sistema de transportes terrestres, tanto no que se refere à infra-estrutura quanto aos deslocamentos realizados por passageiros. O objetivo geral desta pesquisa é o estudo da configuração da rede de transporte e dos ritmos dos fluxos urbanos na Região Metropolitana de São Paulo (RMSP), observando que a reengenharia da produção a partir da década de 1990 alterou os fluxos e provocou novas demandas por transportes, configurando novos arranjos espaciais na metrópole. Sob a linha metodológica de análise da realidade pautada sobre os fenômenos empíricos, de dados estatísticos e conhecimento teórico dos fatos que ocorrem na RMSP, no que tange às suas atividades econômicas, utilizamo-nos das quatro categorias do método geográfico de análise do espaço: forma, função, estrutura e processo. A pesquisa nos proporcionou, através do estudo das infra-estruturas de transporte ferroviário, metroviário e rodoviário, o conhecimento da forma. A análise dos fluxos realizados nos proporcionou o entendimento da função. As políticas que determinam a infra-estrutura viária e influem na qualidade dos fluxos de passageiros compuseram a dimensão da categoria de análise estrutura...

The potentialities of Chinese airline market for Lisbon international airport: the empirical modelling analysis

Vicente, José; Dionisio, Andreia; Oliveira, Manuela
Fonte: Senate House, University of London, Publicador: Senate House, University of London,
Tipo: Aula
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.2%
In this paper we propose a comparative analysis between an empirical gravity model and a dynamic regression model with the objective to explain the potentialities of the Chinese airline market for Lisbon International Airport (air passengers demand). We confirm the viability to create some direct flights from Lisbon International Airport to Chinese airline market, with the strategy to attract the transfer passengers flow with origin on Latin America. Panel dada is used to determine the influence of the explanatory variables, on average number of passengers (air passengers demand). The results are creating by the Stata final outputs. We also demonstrate that the dynamic regression model used in this paper is more robust and better than the empirical gravity model, often considered as a reference method in the field of aviation. The most relevant variables on the dynamic regression model are PPP (gross national income (GNI) converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates), Business and Trade Factor, and Tourism and Cultural Factor. Furthermore, we find some possible explanations for the results.

The effect of legislation on injuries sustained by rear seat car passengers.

Kendall, I G; Bodiwala, G G
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1994 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.1%
A study of 206 injured rear seat passengers was undertaken over two 4-month periods before and after the introduction of legislation enforcing use of rear seat-belts on 1 July 1991. The proportion of both adults and children using rear seat-belts increased after the law. Those wearing belts were less likely to suffer serious injury. The majority of passengers comply with the law but many rear seat passengers remain unrestrained because cars are not fitted with belts.

Effect of seat belts on injuries to front and rear seat passengers.

Wild, B R; Kenwright, J; Rastogi, S
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/06/1985 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.1%
Data on 2520 occupants of cars involved in accidents were analysed in relation to injury and the severity of the crash to investigate the effect of rear seat passengers on injury to restrained and unrestrained front seat occupants and vice versa. Unrestrained front seat occupants showed a higher incidence of serious injury when there were rear seat passengers. The presence of a rear seat passenger did not affect significantly the overall incidence of injury among restrained front seat occupants within the range of crash severity considered. Unrestrained rear seat passengers behind unrestrained front seat occupants showed a higher incidence of moderate injury and a lower incidence of no injury than those behind restrained front seat occupants. It is concluded that legislation on seat belts has not greatly increased the risk of person to person injury.

Relative mortality of unbelted infant passengers and belted non-infant passengers in air accidents with survivors.

Fife, D; Rosner, B; McKibben, W
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1981 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.33%
Aircraft accidents with survivors were examined to determine the relative risk of mortality for unrestrained infant passengers vs seat-belted adult passengers. The crude relative risk was estimated to be 7.1, based on US data, and 7.4, based on worldwide data. More refined estimates allow for possible effect of seat location and for differences in lethality between crashes. Using such estimates, unbelted infant passengers have relative risk of 5.9 based on US data and 9.6 based on worldwide data. The injury experience of restrained vs unrestrained automobile passengers suggests that observed excess risk to infant air passengers may be related to the absence of a mechanical restraint system. Recommendations for a mechanical restraint system are made and the cost and benefits of implementing these recommendations in the US are discussed.

Non-fatal injuries sustained by back seat passengers.

Christian, M S
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/02/1975 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.1%
Of 2,275 cases of non-fatal injuries sustained by all categories of road users 185 were inflicted on back seat passengers. Twenty-six such passengers sustained severe and 66 moderately severe injuries. Only two patients (aged 18 months and 3 years) wore any form of restraint. Back seat passengers may be injured by impact with the rear of the front seat or other objects in the rear compartment; by objects in the front compartment; or by being thrown out of the car completely. An adequate restraint system, such as the lap-and-diagnoal type of seat belt, would reduce the incidence and severity of injuries.

Potential benefits of restrictions on the transport of teenage passengers by 16 and 17 year old drivers

Chen, L; Braver, E; Baker, S; Li, G
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.1%
Objectives—The presence of passengers is associated with fatal motor vehicle crashes of teenage drivers. A restriction against newly licensed teenage drivers carrying passengers has been included in some, but not all, graduated licensing systems. The purpose of this study was to predict the net effects on all types of road users, including vehicle occupants and non-occupants, of possible prohibitions against 16–17 year old drivers carrying passengers.

Exposure to tri-o-cresyl phosphate detected in jet airplane passengers

Liyasova, Mariya; Li, Bin; Schopfer, Lawrence M.; Nachon, Florian; Masson, Patrick; Furlong, Clement E.; Lockridge, Oksana
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.1%
The aircraft cabin and flight deck ventilation are supplied from partially compressed unfiltered bleed air directly from the engine. Worn or defective engine seals can result in the release of engine oil into the cabin air supply. Aircrew and passengers have complained of illness following such “fume events”. Adverse health effects are hypothesized to result from exposure to tricresyl phosphate mixed esters, a chemical added to jet engine oil and hydraulic fluid for its anti-wear properties. Our goal was to develop a laboratory test for exposure to tricresyl phosphate. The assay was based on the fact that the active-site serine of butyrylcholinesterase reacts with the active metabolite of tri-o-cresyl phosphate, cresyl saligenin phosphate, to make a stable phosphorylated adduct with an added mass of 80 Da. No other organophosphorus agent makes this adduct in vivo on butyrylcholinesterase. Blood samples from jet airplane passengers were obtained 24–48 hours after completing a flight. Butyrylcholinesterase was partially purified from 25 ml serum or plasma, digested with pepsin, enriched for phosphorylated peptides by binding to titanium oxide, and analyzed by mass spectrometry. Of 12 jet airplane passengers tested, 6 were positive for exposure to tri-o-cresyl phosphate that is...

Profile of international air passengers intercepted with illegal animal products in baggage at Guarulhos and Galeão airports in Brazil

de Melo, Cristiano Barros; Pinheiro de Sá, Marcos Eielson; Alves, Flaviane Faria; McManus, Concepta; Aragão, Lucas Fernandes; Belo, Bruno Benin; Campani, Paulo Ricardo; da Matta Ribeiro, Antonio Cavalcanti; Seabra, Christina Isoldi; Seixas, Luiza
Fonte: Springer International Publishing Publicador: Springer International Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.41%
Protection against biological material entering a country or region through airports is important because, through them, infectious agents can quickly reach exotic destinations and be disseminated. Illegal products of animal origin may contain hazardous infectious agents that can compromise animal and public health. The aim of this study was to identify associations between possession of illegal animal products in baggage and demographic characteristics of the passengers, as well as characteristics of their travel plans in the two main Brazilian international airports. A total of 457 passengers were divided into two groups: passengers identified as carrying illegal animal products and control. Passengers identified as carrying illegal animal products not stated on the accompanied baggage declaration completed a questionnaire, to aid in profiling. Nationality, origin, age and residency of passengers were analyzed using chi square, logistic regression and odds ratios. Passengers from Eastern Europe were the most likely to enter with animal products as were those aged between 35 and 55 years. When evaluating the departure point, the highest frequency was seen in those coming from Portugal. Passenger group, reasons for travel, amount and type of baggage were available only for passengers identified as carrying illegal animal products...

Norwegian airline passengers are not more afraid of flying after the terror act of September 11. The flight anxiety, however, is significantly attributed to acts of terrorism

Ekeberg, Øivind; Fauske, Berit; Berg-Hansen, Bente
Fonte: John Wiley & Sons Ltd Publicador: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.33%
The aim of this paper is to study: (1) the prevalence of flight anxiety among Norwegian airline passengers; (2) situations that may be of concern during flights and situations not related to flying; (3) whether passengers feel more afraid after the terror act of September 11, 2001; and (4) whether passengers were more afraid in 2002 than in 1986.A questionnaire was distributed during domestic flights in Norway in 1986 and 2002. To asses flight anxiety, a six point scale was used, from 0 = not afraid at all, to 5 = always very afraid, and sometimes avoid flying because of that. A 10-cm visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to measure the degree of anxiety. There were 50.8% who were not afraid at all. There were 12 women (5.2%) and one man (0.4%) with flight phobia. However, 22 (4.5%) had cancelled flights because of anxiety during the last two years. Situations that caused most concern during flights were turbulence and fear of terrorism and highjacking. After September 11, 48% were not more afraid, 38% a little more, 10% moderately, 3% rather much and 2% very much. The passengers, however, were not more afraid of flying in 2002 than in 1986. About 3% of Norwegian airline passengers have a flight phobia. Women are significantly more concerned than men. The impact of the terror act September 11...

Passengers disembark from Steamship Regina anchored near Kingstown, Saint George, Saint Vincent; The Bryant Slides Collection; The Bryant Slides Collection, Saint Vincent

Unknown ( Photographer )
Fonte: Universidade da Flórida Publicador: Universidade da Flórida
Tipo: still image Formato: 35 mm
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The slides were taken on collecting trips sponsored by the William L. Bryant Foundation, where books, music and art indigenous to the regions were gathered. The are organized by geographical location.; The Steamship (S.S.) Regina, originally built in 1939, was christened S.S. Panama for Panama Line, formerly Panama Railroad Steamship Line. In 1941, the United States Army Transport Service converted her to a troop carrier and renamed her James Parker. By 1957, she was sold to American President Lines, formerly Dollar Steamship Lines. She was renamed President Hoover to replace another of American’s steamships by the same name. In 1964, she was acquired by Chandris Cruises and renamed Regina. She was scrapped in 1985 as S.S. Regina Prima. This image shows passengers disembarking from the S.S. Regina which is anchored near Kingstown, Saint George, Saint Vincent. In the harbor are boys, some sitting in row boats and some swimming.

El contrato de transporte aéreo de pasajeros: algunas consideraciones sobre competencia judicial internacional y Derecho aplicable

Hernández Rodríguez, Aurora
Fonte: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; publishedVersion
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.1%
RESUMEN. Cierto es que el transporte aéreo internacional de pasajeros cuenta en la actualidad con un régimen legal uniforme, integrado tanto por normas de origen internacional como comunitario, destinado principalmente a incrementar la protección jurídica del pasajero. Ahora bien, un análisis detallado del ámbito de aplicación de tales textos normativos, principalmente, del Convenio de Montreal de 28 de mayo de 1999 así como del Reglamento (CE) 889/2002, de 13 de mayo de 2002 y del Reglamento (CE) nº 261/2004, de 11 de febrero de 2004, pone de manifiesto cómo determinadas cuestiones que giran en torno al contrato de pasaje, entre ellas, la determinación del Tribunal internacionalmente competente y del Derecho aplicable, quedan sujetas, por una incorrecta incorporación normativa, a las reglas generales contenidas en el Reglamento (CE) nº 44/2001, de 22 de diciembre de 2000 y en el Reglamento (CE) nº 593/2008, de 17 de junio de 2008 (Roma I). Y es precisamente, en este ámbito, donde se vislumbra la delicada posición jurídica en la que queda sumido el pasajero, que pese a ser la parte débil del contrato, es tratado como si actuara en pleno pie de igualdad respecto a su co-contratante: la compañía aérea. Situación esta que se ha intentando mitigar por parte del TJCE en su reciente Sentencia de 9 de julio de 2009...

Tendências sobre o número de passageiros transportados em ônibus interestaduais no Brasil ; Number of passengers transported in interstate buses tendencies in Brazil

Silva, Ary Ferreira da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/10/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.1%
Esta tese relata e discute conclusões, métodos e processos usados para mostrar que tendências identificadas ao estudar relações estatísticas entre o número de passageiros transportados, distâncias entre cidades e número de habitantes, variáveis que podem contribuir para explicar o comportamento do volume de deslocamentos de habitantes do Brasil quando o meio de transporte for o ônibus interestadual. Foi montado um banco de dados adotado específico com dados publicados por órgãos públicos de governo do Brasil e colaboração de empresas públicas, privadas e entidades de classe. Os dados foram manuseados para se obter um conjunto contínuo de informação sobre o movimento de passageiros ao longo de 20 anos, entre 1980 e 2000. Foram estudados tendências e comportamento do próprio número de passageiros, distância média por viagem, número médio de viagens e distância viajada por habitante do Brasil. Concluiu-se que estimativas obtidas por análise de regressão linear geram séries de tendência crescente. Mas, estimativas obtidas por uso de séries temporais identificaram tendências para a estabilidade ou a redução dos valores estimados para as variáveis estudadas.; This thesis reports and discusses conclusions...

The role of deleterious passengers in cancer

McFarland, Christopher Dennis
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.5%
The development of cancer from a population of precancerous cells is a rapid evolutionary process. During progression, cells evolve several new traits for survive and proliferation via a few key `driver' mutations. However, these few driver alterations reside in a cancer genome alongside tens of thousands of additional `passenger' mutations. Passengers are widely believed to have no role in cancer, yet many passengers fall within functional genomic elements that may have potentially deleterious effects on the cancer cells. Here we investigate the potential of moderately deleterious passengers to accumulate and alter neoplastic progression. Evolutionary simulations suggest that moderately-deleterious passengers accumulate during progression and largely evade natural selection. Accumulation is possible because of cancer's unique evolutionary constraints: an initially small population size, an elevated mutation rate, and a need to acquire several driver mutations within a short evolutionary timeframe. Cancer dynamics can be theoretically understood as a tug-of-war between rare, strongly-beneficial drives and frequent mildly-deleterious passengers. In this formalism, passengers present a barrier to cancer progression describable by a critical population size...

Contacting passengers after exposure to measles on an international flight: Implications for responding to new disease threats and bioterrorism.

Lasher, Lara E.; Ayers, Tracy L.; Amornkul, Pauli N.; Nakatab, Michele N.; Effler, Paul V.
Fonte: Association of Schools of Public Health Publicador: Association of Schools of Public Health
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.33%
On May 21, 2000, a passenger with measles traveled from Japan to Hawai'i on a seven-hour flight. When the flight landed, the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) Quarantine Station in Honolulu alerted passengers that a suspected case of measles had been identified, but they were not detained. The next day, to offer appropriate post-exposure prophylaxis, the Hawai'i Department of Health (HDOH) attempted to contact all passengers from the flight using information from the airline, U.S. Customs declaration forms, and tour agencies. Of 335 total passengers, 270 (81%) were successfully reached and provided complete information. The mean time from exposure to contact for all respondents was 61 hours (95% confidence interval 57, 66). A total of 202 (75%) of the responding passengers were contacted within 72 hours after exposure, the time period during which administration of measles vaccine would have provided protection for susceptible individuals. The time-to-contact was significantly longer for passengers who did not stay in hotels than for hotel guests. Customs forms proved to be of limited utility in contacting international travelers. This experience highlights the need for more complete and timely methods of contacting passengers potentially exposed to infectious agents aboard flights.

A Mathematical Model of Motion Sickness in 6DOF Motion and Its Application to Vehicle Passengers

Wada, Takahiro; Kamij, Norimasa; Doi, Shunichi
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/04/2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.1%
A mathematical model of motion sickness incidence (MSI) is derived by integrating neurophysiological knowledge of the vestibular system to predict the severity of motion sickness of humans. Bos et al. proposed the successful mathematical model of motion sickness based on the neurophysiological mechanism based on the subject vertical conflict (SVC) theory. We expand this model to 6-DOF motion, including head rotation, by introducing the otolith-canal interaction. Then the model is applied to an analysis of passengers' comfort. It is known that the driver is less susceptible to motion sickness than are the passengers. In addition, it is known that the driver tilts his/her head toward the curve direction when curve driving, whereas the passengers' head movement is likely to occur in the opposite direction. Thus, the effect of the head tilt strategy on motion sickness was investigated by the proposed mathematical model. The head movements of drivers and passengers were measured in slalom driving. Then, the MSI of the drivers and that of the passengers predicted by the proposed model were compared. The results revealed that the head movement toward the centripetal direction has a significant effect in reducing the MSI in the sense of SVC theory.; Comment: in International Digital Human Modeling Symposium...

Marginalizing Out Future Passengers in Group Elevator Control

Nikovski, Daniel N.; Brand, Matthew
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/10/2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.2%
Group elevator scheduling is an NP-hard sequential decision-making problem with unbounded state spaces and substantial uncertainty. Decision-theoretic reasoning plays a surprisingly limited role in fielded systems. A new opportunity for probabilistic methods has opened with the recent discovery of a tractable solution for the expected waiting times of all passengers in the building, marginalized over all possible passenger itineraries. Though commercially competitive, this solution does not contemplate future passengers. Yet in up-peak traffic, the effects of future passengers arriving at the lobby and entering elevator cars can dominate all waiting times. We develop a probabilistic model of how these arrivals affect the behavior of elevator cars at the lobby, and demonstrate how this model can be used to very significantly reduce the average waiting time of all passengers.; Comment: Appears in Proceedings of the Nineteenth Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI2003)

Delayed flights and passengers rights; Voos atrasados e direitos dos passageiros

Richter, Thomas; Monteiro, Maria Fernanda
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.95%
This article intends to analyze the tendency of more protection for flight passengers based on the Regulation n. 261/2004 by the European Union and the brazilian bill n. 6.960/10. In both of these regulations, the concepts for delayed flights just cover some of the situations, that can cause problems on the practical application of the law. In Europe the regulation was already reinterpreted by the Court of Justice of the European Union to expand these concepts to other common situations through analogy. Though there is still resistance: The United Kingdom High Court allowed to the airlines to send the issue back to the Court of Justice of the European Union to be reinterpreted again. This suspends air delay compensation claims. In Brazil, they are still passing through the legislative process which still allows corrections to optimize them. It also discusses the possible issue of double compensations and the use of analogy in internal and international law.; O artigo busca analisar a tendência de maior proteção aos passageiros aéreos com base no Regulamento n. 261/2004 da União Europeia e o Projeto de Lei n. 6.960/10 no Brasil. O conceito de “atraso” de voos em ambas legislações abarca somente algumas situações o que gera problemas de aplicações práticas. Na Europa o regulamento já foi reinterpretado pelo Tribunal de Justiça da União Europeia para expandir o conceito a outras situações recorrentes por meio de analogia. Apesar disso...

Setting up divisions in transport vehicles as a safety measure to reduce cumulated neighbor inertial forces on passengers

Córdoba-Rodríguez,O.; del Castillo-Mussot,M.; Montemayor-Aldrete,J.; Pérez,L.A.
Fonte: Sociedad Mexicana de Física Publicador: Sociedad Mexicana de Física
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.2%
Frequently, humans and animals are densely confined during transportation processes in both small and large spaces (containers, subways, wagons, buses). Clearly when sudden braking or collisions unfortunately occur, passengers may suffer physical damages. Then in order to avoid injuries due to unexpected decelerations during transportation, we propose to build simple extra divisions to decrease cumulative pressures due to the inertial force on standing-up stacked passengers due to neighbor passengers. In order to avoid fractures, we measured maximum compression forces on young adult thoraxes and the corresponding thorax compression limit. For situations of high crowding of these passengers, we estimate the size of the compartments as function of the expected decelerations and speeds. Implementation of the proposed divisions is simple and economical.

Injuries sustained by passengers travelling in the cargo area of light delivery vehicles

Howlett,J B; Aldous,C; Clarke,D L
Fonte: South African Journal of Surgery Publicador: South African Journal of Surgery
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.1%
INTRODUCTION: Despite its inherently dangerous nature, the practice of transporting passengers in the cargo area of light delivery vehicles (LDVs) is widespread in South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To review the patterns and outcome of injuries associated with events involving LDVs transporting passengers. METHODS: All patients presenting to the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service in KwaZulu-Natal Province following an event in which they had been travelling in the cargo area of an LDV between January 2011 and December 2012 were included in the audit. RESULTS: A total of 66 patients were treated during the study period; 35% were children under the age of 18, and 90% were ejected from the LDV during the incident. The mean injury severity score (ISS) was 23. Collision events were associated with a higher mean ISS (33) than non-collision events (15) (p=0.008). The region most commonly injured was the head and neck, and 11% of victims sustained a permanent disability. The patients collectively spent 873 days in hospital and 70 days in an intensive care unit, and underwent 17 operations. CONCLUSION: Transporting passengers in the cargo area of an LDV is dangerous, as ejection from the vehicle resulting from a collision is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Legislative initiatives to prevent this practice are required as part of an ongoing comprehensive injury prevention programme.