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Streptococcus mutans counts in plaque adjacent to orthodontic brackets bonded with resin-modified glass ionomer cement or resin-based composite

MOTA, Solange Machado; ENOKI, Carla; ITO, Izabel Yoko; ELIAS, Ana Maria; MATSUMOTO, Mírian Aiko Nakane
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.83%
This study investigated the number of Streptococcus mutans CFU (colony forming units) in the saliva and plaque adjacent to orthodontic brackets bonded with a glass ionomer cement - GIC (Fuji Ortho) or a resin-based composite - RC (Concise). Twenty male and female patients, aged 12 to 20 years, participated in the study. Saliva was collected before and after placement of appliances. Plaque was collected from areas adjacent to brackets and saliva was again collected on the 15th, 30th, and 45th day after placement. On the 30th day, 0.4% stannous fluoride gel was applied for 4 minutes. No significant modification in the number of Streptococcus mutans CFU in saliva was observed after placement of the fixed orthodontic appliances. On the 15th day, the percentage of Streptococcus mutans CFU in plaque was statistically lower in sites adjacent to GIC-bonded brackets (mean = 0.365) than in those adjacent to RC-bonded brackets (mean = 0.935). No evidence was found of a contribution of GIC to the reduction of CFU in plaque after the 15th day. Topical application of stannous fluoride gel on the 30th day reduced the number of CFU in saliva, but not in plaque. This study suggests that the antimicrobial activity of GIC occurs only in the initial phase and is not responsible for a long-term anticariogenic property.

Avaliação da contaminação microbiana de aparelhos ortodônticos removíveis, com e sem utilização de agente antimicrobiano, pela técnica Checkerboard DNA-DNA Hybridization - Estudo Clínico Randomizado; Detection of microbial contamination of removable orthodontic appliances with or without use of antimicrobial agent, by the Checkerboard DNA-DNA Hybridization, A randomized clinical study

Perdiza, Marcela
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/10/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.18%
O objetivo do presente estudo clínico randomizado foi avaliar in vivo, por meio da técnica de biologia molecular Checkerboard DNA-DNA Hybridization: 1) A contaminação de aparelhos ortodônticos removíveis por 40 espécies bacterianas; 2) A eficácia da utilização do gluconato de clorexidina a 0,12% (Periogard®) sobre microrganismos cariogênicos; e 3) A eficácia da utilização do gluconato de clorexidina a 0,12% (Periogard®) sobre microrganismos periodontopatogênicos dos complexos laranja e vermelho. Participaram do estudo 20 pacientes de 7 a 11 anos de idade, em tratamento com aparelhos ortodônticos removíveis. O estudo constou de 2 etapas, com intervalo de 15 dias entre cada uma, de forma que todos os pacientes participassem tanto do grupo controle, quanto do grupo experimental. Em cada etapa os pacientes receberam um novo aparelho (totalizando 2 aparelhos por indivíduo) e um frasco plástico contendo a solução a ser borrifada sobre os aparelhos, porém os indivíduos não sabiam qual solução estavam utilizando. Os aparelhos foram utilizados em período integral, inclusive à noite, sendo removidos apenas durante as refeições Os pacientes do Grupo Controle foram orientados a usar solução placebo, sob a forma de spray...

Effect of 0.4% stannous fluoride gel on Streptococci mutans in relation to elastomeric rings and steel ligatures in orthodontic patients

Brêtas, Sabryna Maria; Macari, Soraia; Elias, Ana Maria; Ito, Izabel Yoko; Matsumoto, Mírian Aiko Nakane
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 428-433
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.82%
Background: Patients with fixed orthodontic appliances often experience an absolute increase in the number of Streptococci mutans colony-forming units (cfu). The aim of this investigation was to study the development of biofilm and S. mutans cfu in connection with stainless steel ligatures and elastomeric rings in orthodontic patients treated with and without 0.4% stannous fluoride gel (SFG). Material: Forty-seven patients were divided into 2 groups: those treated with 0.4% SFG for 4 minutes (experimental) and those without 0.4% SFG (control). In each patient, elastomeric rings were used for ligation on 1 side of the dental arch midline, and stainless steel ligatures were used on the opposite side. Saliva samples were collected before and after appliance placement. At 15 and 30 days after appliance placement, biofilm samples from the stainless steel ligatures and the elastomeric rings were collected and subjected to microbiologic procedures and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. Results: The numbers of S. mutans cfu in the saliva and biofilm were not statistically different between the teeth fitted with elastomeric rings and stainless steel ligatures, or between the experimental and control groups. SEM analysis showed biofilm formation on both ligature ties. Conclusions: Topical application of 0.4% SFG in orthodontic patients with elastomeric rings or stainless steel ligatures does not cause a significant decrease in S. mutans cfu in the saliva and biofilm. Copyright © 2005 by the American Association of Orthodontists.

Efficacy of ultrasonic, electric and manual toothbrushes in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances

Costa, Mauricio Ribeiro; Silva, Vanessa Camila; Miqui, Miriam Nakatani; Sakima, Tatsuko; Spolidorio, Denise Madalena Palomari; Cirelli, Joni Augusto
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 361-366
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.93%
Objective: This crossover study compared the efficacy of an ultrasonic toothbrush for the reduction of plaque, gingival inflammation, and levels of Streptococcus mutans, in relation to an electric and a manual toothbrush. Materials and Methods: Twenty-one patients with orthodontic appliances were divided into three groups. All patients were evaluated by a periodontist and samples of saliva were collected for quantification of S mutans. The patients received their first brushes with appropriate instructions. For each crossover leg, patients used each toothbrush for a period of 30 days. At the end of each washout period, participants received a periodontal evaluation and new samples of saliva were collected. After 15 days of using their own toothbrushes, patients received the next toothbrushes in the experimental sequence. Results: The ultrasonic brush group presented significant improvement in the reduction of visible plaque on the buccal surfaces (-6.36%, P = .007). The counts of S mutans decreased in the electric (2.04 × 105 to 1.36 × 105 colony-forming units [CFU]/mL) and ultrasonic (2.98 × 105 to 1.84 × 105 CFU/mL) groups. There were no statistical differences among the three brushes for the clinical and microbiological parameters evaluated. Conclusions: This study did not demonstrate that the ultrasonic toothbrush was better in reducing gingival inflammation in adolescent orthodontic patients...

Candida spp. adherence to oral epithelial cells and levels of IgA in children with orthodontic appliances

Silva, Célia Regina Gonçalves E; Oliveira, Luciane Dias De; Leão, Mariella Vieira Pereira; Jorge, Antonio Olavo Cardoso
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica (SBPqO) Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica (SBPqO)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 28-32
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.04%
Adhesion and colonization of the oral cavity by Candida albicans is an initial step in candidosis. Orthodontic and other oral appliances seem to favor candidal presence. The aim of this work was to compare the presence of Candida species in saliva, their adherence to oral epithelial cells, and the levels of anti-C. albicans IgA in children with or without orthodontic appliances. This study included 30 children 5 to 12 years old (9.1 ± 1.7 years old) who were users of removable orthodontic devices for at least 6 months and 30 control children of similar ages (7.7 ± 1.5 years old). The presence of yeast species in the saliva was evaluated by microbiological methods. Candida species were identified using phenotypic methods. Anti-C. albicans IgA levels in saliva were analyzed by ELISA. The yeasts adhering to oral epithelial cells were assessed by exfoliative cytology. No statistically significant differences were observed for saliva yeast counts and anti-C. albicans IgA levels between the studied groups. Children with orthodontic devices exhibited more yeast cells adhering to oral epithelial cells and a higher percentage of non-albicans species relative to the control group. In conclusion, orthodontic appliances may favor the adherence of Candida to epithelial cells but do not influence the presence of these yeasts in saliva...

The effect of chlorhexidine on plaque index and mutans streptococci in orthodontic patients: A pilot study

Faria, Gisele; Santamaria Jr, Milton; Dos Santos, Bianca Mota; Ito, Izabel Yoko; Bregagnoloq, Janete Cinira; Sasso Stuani, Maria Bernadete
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 323-328
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.1%
Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess chlorhexidine effects on plaque index and salivary levels of mutans streptococci (MS) when used as the immersion solution for removable orthodontic appliances and added to their acrylic resin composition. Methods: Forty-five patients (6 to 12 years old) were randomly assigned into three groups with 15 patients each. Group I (control)—without orthodontic appliances disinfection; Group II—removable orthodontic appliances which had been immersed in 0.12% chlorhexidine digluconate overnight (8 hours), and Group III—orthodontic appliances in which 0.12% chlorhexidine digluconate solution had been incorporated into their resin composition. Saliva was collected for quantification of MS and evaluation of plaque index was performed before and after installation of orthodontic appliance at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 weeks. Data were analyzed by using analysis of variance. Results: Number of MS colonies in saliva and plaque index showed no statistically differences among groups at the different periods (p > 0.05). Conclusions: It could be concluded that chlorhexidine incorporation into the acrylic resin of removable orthodontic appliances at 0.12% concentration and immersion of the appliance into 0.12% chlorhexidine solution were not effective in reducing plaque index and the number of MS in saliva.

Effect of fixed orthodontic appliances on salivary microbial parameters at 6 months: a controlled observational study

MARET,Delphine; MARCHAL-SIXOU,Christine; VERGNES,Jean-Noel; HAMEL,Olivier; GEORGELIN-GURGEL,Marie; VAN DER SLUIS,Lucas; SIXOU,Michel
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.14%
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the microbial changes in children with fixed orthodontic appliances compared with a control group of children without orthodontic treatment. Material and Methods: Ninety-five children, aged between 12 and 16 years, participated in this study. Forty-eight subjects were fitted with fixed orthodontic appliances and forty-seven were free of any such appliances. The follow-up was 6 months for all children. The association between orthodontic appliances and high levels of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus spp was assessed with logistic regression models, taking age, sex, pH and buffer capacity into account. Results: Differences at baseline between the two groups were not statistically significant. We found that wearing a fixed orthodontic appliance was associated with high levels of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus spp (adjusted OR: 6.65, 95% CI [1.98-22.37]; 9.49, 95% CI [2.57-35.07], respectively), independently of other variables. Conclusion: The originality of the present epidemiological study was to evaluate the evolution of salivary microbial parameters in a population of children with fixed orthodontic appliances. Our results show an increase of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus spp values during the follow-up. The whole dental workforce should be aware that preventive measures are of paramount importance during orthodontic treatment.

Streptococcus mutans counts in plaque adjacent to orthodontic brackets bonded with resin-modified glass ionomer cement or resin-based composite

Mota,Solange Machado; Enoki,Carla; Ito,Izabel Yoko; Elias,Ana Maria; Matsumoto,Mírian Aiko Nakane
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.83%
This study investigated the number of Streptococcus mutans CFU (colony forming units) in the saliva and plaque adjacent to orthodontic brackets bonded with a glass ionomer cement - GIC (Fuji Ortho) or a resin-based composite - RC (Concise). Twenty male and female patients, aged 12 to 20 years, participated in the study. Saliva was collected before and after placement of appliances. Plaque was collected from areas adjacent to brackets and saliva was again collected on the 15th, 30th, and 45th day after placement. On the 30th day, 0.4% stannous fluoride gel was applied for 4 minutes. No significant modification in the number of Streptococcus mutans CFU in saliva was observed after placement of the fixed orthodontic appliances. On the 15th day, the percentage of Streptococcus mutans CFU in plaque was statistically lower in sites adjacent to GIC-bonded brackets (mean = 0.365) than in those adjacent to RC-bonded brackets (mean = 0.935). No evidence was found of a contribution of GIC to the reduction of CFU in plaque after the 15th day. Topical application of stannous fluoride gel on the 30th day reduced the number of CFU in saliva, but not in plaque. This study suggests that the antimicrobial activity of GIC occurs only in the initial phase and is not responsible for a long-term anticariogenic property.

Candida spp. adherence to oral epithelial cells and levels of IgA in children with orthodontic appliances

Silva,Célia Regina Gonçalves e; Oliveira,Luciane Dias de; Leão,Mariella Vieira Pereira; Jorge,Antonio Olavo Cardoso
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.04%
Adhesion and colonization of the oral cavity by Candida albicans is an initial step in candidosis. Orthodontic and other oral appliances seem to favor candidal presence. The aim of this work was to compare the presence of Candida species in saliva, their adherence to oral epithelial cells, and the levels of anti-C. albicans IgA in children with or without orthodontic appliances. This study included 30 children 5 to 12 years old (9.1 ± 1.7 years old) who were users of removable orthodontic devices for at least 6 months and 30 control children of similar ages (7.7 ± 1.5 years old). The presence of yeast species in the saliva was evaluated by microbiological methods. Candida species were identified using phenotypic methods. Anti-C. albicans IgA levels in saliva were analyzed by ELISA. The yeasts adhering to oral epithelial cells were assessed by exfoliative cytology. No statistically significant differences were observed for saliva yeast counts and anti-C. albicans IgA levels between the studied groups. Children with orthodontic devices exhibited more yeast cells adhering to oral epithelial cells and a higher percentage of non-albicans species relative to the control group. In conclusion, orthodontic appliances may favor the adherence of Candida to epithelial cells but do not influence the presence of these yeasts in saliva...

Mouthwashes for the control of supragingival biofilm and gingivitis in orthodontic patients: evidence-based recommendations for clinicians

HAAS,Alex Nogueira; PANNUTI,Claudio Mendes; ANDRADE,Ana Karina Pinto de; ESCOBAR,Elaine Cristina; ALMEIDA,Eliete Rodrigues de; COSTA,Fernando Oliveira; CORTELLI,José Roberto; CORTELLI,Sheila Cavalca; RODE,Sigmar de Mello; PEDRAZZI,Vinicius; OPPERMANN,Rui
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.8%
Properly performed daily mechanical biofilm control is the most important prevention strategy for periodontal diseases. However, proper mechanical biofilm control is not performed effectively by the majority of the population, mainly due to lack of motivation and of manual dexterity. Local biofilm retention factors may aggravate home oral hygiene quality. For this reason, patients wearing fixed orthodontic appliances comprise a group that may benefit from the daily use of mouthwashes. The purpose of this review was to perform a systematic search in the literature on antiseptics used to control supragingival biofilm and gingivitis in orthodontic patients. Six studies investigating the effect of chlorhexidine and 5 studies evaluating the effect of the daily use of antiseptics were found. Chlorhexidine showed better results in reducing plaque and gingivitis. However, because of its adverse effects after continuous use, it should not be indicated for long-term periods. Among the agents considered for daily use, the fixed combination of essential oils was the only one evaluated in a clinical trial, in which a comparative group presented a statistically significant clinical impact. There is no direct evidence supporting the indication of antiseptic agents for orthodontic patients other than chlorhexidine and essential oils. It can be concluded that...

Titanium alloy miniscrews for orthodontic anchorage: an in vivo study of metal ion release

Blaya,Micéli Guimarães; Blaya,Diego Segatto; Mello,Paola; Flores,Érico M. M; Hirakata,Luciana M.
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.83%
PURPOSE: To examine and compare the levels of several metal ions released in the saliva of patients with orthodontic appliances, at different time points before and after insertion of a miniscrew. METHODS: Saliva of patients (n=20) was collected at four time points: before miniscrew placement (T1), 10 minutes (T2), 7 days (T3) and 30 days after miniscrew placement (T4). The salivary samples were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The release of nine different metal ions was observed: titanium (Ti), zinc (Zn), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), aluminum (Al), Vanadium (V) and cobalt (Co). Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. Salivary metal concentrations from different time points of miniscrew treatment were compared using Wilcoxon paired tests (a=5%). RESULTS: At time point T4, there was a quantitative increase in the salivary concentration of Cu, Ti, V, Zn, as well as a quantitative decrease in the salivary concentration of Al, Co, Cr, Fe, Ni, when compared with T1. CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that the placement of fixed orthodontic appliances associated with miniscrews does not lead to an increase of salivary metal ion concentrations.

Evaluation of Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in Patients with Fixed Orthodontic Appliances

Atuğ Özcan, Sevil Sema; Ceylan, İsmail; Özcan, Erkan; Kurt, Nezahat; Dağsuyu, İlhan Metin; Çanakçi, Cenk Fatih
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.95%
Aim. The aim of this study was to examine the changes in the levels of interleukine-1 beta (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in saliva and IL-1β, TNF-α, and NO in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples of patients with fixed orthodontic appliances. Material and Method. The subject population consisted of 50 volunteers who were in need of orthodontic treatment with fixed orthodontic appliances. GCF and saliva samples were obtained from all individuals before treatment, at 1st month of treatment and at 6th month of treatment. Periodontal clinical parameters were measured. Samples were investigated to detect IL-1β, TNF-α, and 8-OHdG levels using ELISA method and NO and MDA levels using spectrophotometric method. Results. Since IL-1β level detected in GCF at the 6th month of orthodontic treatment is statistically significant according to baseline (P < 0.05), all other biochemical parameters detected both in saliva and in GCF did not show any significant change at any measurement periods. Conclusion. Orthodontic tooth movement and orthodontic materials used in orthodontic treatment do not lead to a change above the physiological limits that is suggestive of oxidative damage in both GCF and saliva.

Agentes para desinfec????o de aparelhos acr??licos ortod??nticos: o que os usu??rios utilizam e o que os dentistas recomendam?; Agents for disinfection of acrylic orthodontic appliances: which users use and that dentists recommend?

LAMAS, Rita Regina Souza
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Odontologia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Odontologia; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Odontologia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Odontologia; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.89%
Poor hygiene associated with the use of orthodontic appliances in children and adolescents may increase the occurrence of oral diseases associated to, such as caries and gingivitis, turning important the knowledge of the most effective, used and designated cleaning methods for these devices. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency of use of removable orthodontic appliances, hygiene methods used by school children and prescribed by dentists of the city of Pelotas/RS, and evaluating variables associated with it. This study was conducted in the city of Pelotas in a sample of schoolchildren aged 13-19 years from 20 schools, 16 public and 4 private. Two questionnaires were conducted to determine some socio-demographic and behavioral characteristics associated with the use of braces and another to determine the cleaning methods indicated by dentists of the city. The questionnaire of children was performed in the schools and the dentists questionnaire was performed through telephone calls. Statistical analysis was descriptive and bivariate, through the Chi-square test, or Fisher Linear Trend, depending on the type of variable exhibitor, with a p-value <0.05 as statistically significant. The frequency of use in schools was 5.4%. Students (89.76%) and dentists (47.21%) reported brushing with toothpaste as the main method of cleaning. In conclusion...

Provision of orthodontic care to adolescents in South Australia: the type, the provider and the place of treatment

Allister, J.; Spencer, A.; Brennan, D.
Fonte: AUSTRALIAN DENTAL ASSN INC Publicador: AUSTRALIAN DENTAL ASSN INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1996 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.03%
There are many pathways involving different providers and locations that individuals may take in obtaining, orthodontic services. The aim of this study was to document the provision of orthodontic services and establish the pathways taken toward fixed orthodontic treatment by adolescents in South Australia. Data were collected on the use of orthodontic services by a cohort of adolescents enrolled in the School Dental Service at age 13 years and again at age 15 years. By age 15 years, 83.2 per cent of the adolescents had received orthodontic consultations, 27.3 per cent had received fixed orthodontic treatment and 41.4 per cent had received other forms of orthodontic treatment (extractions, space retainers or removable appliances). The majority of fixed orthodontic treatment was supplied by orthodontists in the private sector, while extractions and removable appliances were provided mainly by public sector general dentists. Most individuals used services in both the public and private sectors and the most frequent pathway taken by the adolescents receiving fixed orthodontic treatment involved consultation in both the public and private sectors, non-fixed orthodontic treatment in the public sector and fixed orthodontic treatment in the private sector. The findings indicate wide access to orthodontic consultation and a high uptake of fixed orthodontic treatment once the adolescent sought private sector orthodontic consultation. Orthodontic care was seen to be an interactive process between public sector general dentists and private sector orthodontists.

How are children and adolescents cleaning their orthodontic appliances? A cross-sectional study in private schools

Salas,Mabel Miluska Suca; Lamas,Rita Regina Souza; Cenci,Tatiana Pereira; Lund,Rafael Guerra
Fonte: Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba - UNICAMP Publicador: Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba - UNICAMP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.98%
AIM: To determine the prevalence and the hygiene methods used by 6-16-year-old private school children and adolescents to clean removable orthodontic appliances (ROA) in the city of Pelotas, RS, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in private schools located in the urban area after the school tutors signed an informed consent form. Questionnaires were applied to children using removable orthodontic appliances. Data regarding hygiene methods of orthodontic appliances were collected. Descriptive analysis was performed. Pearson's chi-square test and Linear Trend with a confidence level of 95% were used for analytical analysis. RESULTS: Children using ROA in private schools were 7.6%. The most frequent hygiene method used was mechanical cleansing with toothbrush and toothpaste (85.6%). Daily cleansing was the frequency most reported by children (51.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Use of ROA in students from private schools was low and the most used hygiene method was brushing with toothpaste.

Esthetic perception and economic value of orthodontic appliances by lay Brazilian adults

Feu,Daniela; Catharino,Fernanda; Duplat,Candice Belchior; Capelli Junior,Jonas
Fonte: Dental Press International Publicador: Dental Press International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.08%
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the esthetic perception of different appliances by Brazilian lay adults and its influence in the attributed value of orthodontic treatment, considering evaluators' socioeconomic status, age and gender. METHODS: Eight different combinations of orthodontic appliances and clear tray aligners were placed in a consenting adult with pleasing smile. Standardized frontal photographs were captured and incorporated into a research album. A sample of adults (n = 252, median = 26 years old) were asked to rate each image for (1) its attractiveness on a visual analog scale and (2) the willingness to pay (WTP) for a cosmetic appliance when compared to a standard metalic appliance and a clear tray aligner. Comparisons between the appliances' attractiveness were performed using the Friedman's test and Dann's post-hoc test. Correlation between appliances' attributed value, socioeconomic status, age, gender, and esthetic perception was assessed using Spearman's correlation analysis. RESULTS: Attractiveness ratings of orthodontic appliances varied significantly in the following hierarchy: Clear aligners>sapphire brackets>self-ligating/conventional stainless steel brackets>and golden metal appliances. The correlation between WTP and esthetic perception was week. However...

Periodontal evaluation of different toothbrushing techniques in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances

Nassar,Patricia Oehlmeyer; Bombardelli,Carolina Grando; Walker,Carolina Schmitt; Neves,Karyne Vargas; Tonet,Karine; Nishi,Rodolfo Nishimoto; Bombonatti,Roberto; Nassar,Carlos Augusto
Fonte: Dental Press International Publicador: Dental Press International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.04%
INTRODUCTION: Plaque control is the major consensus during orthodontic treatment to prevent the occurrence of cavities and periodontal inflammation. The mechanic resource of greater effectiveness and frequent use in this control is the oral hygiene. The tooth brushing techniques most used in orthodontic patients are: Ramfjord's method, Modified Stillman technique and Bass method. OBJECTIVE: Since control studies evaluating the effectiveness of usual tooth brushing techniques do not show clear advantage, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of three brushing methods, through periodontal clinical parameters of patients with fixed orthodontic appliances. METHODS: Thirty patients were selected, with ages between 14 and 22 years old, with fixed orthodontic appliances. After basic periodontal treatment the following factors were evaluated: 1 - Plaque index and 2 - Gingival index and each patient was randomly included in one of the three selected groups according to the brushing technique: Group 1 - Scrubbing technique; Group 2 - Modified Stillman technique and Group 3 - Bass technique. Patients were evaluated for 9 months. RESULTS: The results showed a significant reduction of clinical parameters by the end of this period...

Effect of fixed orthodontic appliances on salivary microbial parameters at 6 months: a controlled observational study

MARET, Delphine; MARCHAL-SIXOU, Christine; VERGNES, Jean-Noel; HAMEL, Olivier; GEORGELIN-GURGEL, Marie; VAN DER SLUIS, Lucas; SIXOU, Michel
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.1%
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the microbial changes in children with fixed orthodontic appliances compared with a control group of children without orthodontic treatment. Material and Methods: Ninety-five children, aged between 12 and 16 years, participated in this study. Forty-eight subjects were fitted with fixed orthodontic appliances and forty-seven were free of any such appliances. The follow-up was 6 months for all children. The association between orthodontic appliances and high levels of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus spp was assessed with logistic regression models, taking age, sex, pH and buffer capacity into account. Results: Differences at baseline between the two groups were not statistically significant. We found that wearing a fixed orthodontic appliance was associated with high levels of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus spp (adjusted OR: 6.65, 95% CI [1.98-22.37]; 9.49, 95% CI [2.57-35.07], respectively), independently of other variables. Conclusion: The originality of the present epidemiological study was to evaluate the evolution of salivary microbial parameters in a population of children with fixed orthodontic appliances. Our results show an increase of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus spp values during the follow-up. The whole dental workforce should be aware that preventive measures are of paramount importance during orthodontic treatment.

How are children and adolescents cleaning their orthodontic appliances? A cross-sectional study in private schools

Salas, Mabel Miluska Suca; Lamas, Rita Regina Souza; Cenci, Tatiana Pereira; Lund, Rafael Guerra
Fonte: UNICAMP/FOP Publicador: UNICAMP/FOP
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ;
Publicado em 13/10/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.98%
Aim: To determine the prevalence and the hygiene methods used by 6-16-year-old private school children and adolescents to clean removable orthodontic appliances (ROA) in the city of Pelotas, RS, Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in private schools located in the urban area after the school tutors signed an informed consent form. Questionnaires were applied to children using removable orthodontic appliances. Data regarding hygiene methods of orthodontic appliances were collected. Descriptive analysis was performed. Pearson’s chi-square test and Linear Trend with a confidence level of 95% were used for analytical analysis. Results: Children using ROA in private schools were 7.6%. The most frequent hygiene method used was mechanical cleansing with toothbrush and toothpaste (85.6%). Daily cleansing was the frequency most reported by children (51.6%). Conclusions: Use of ROA in students from private schools was low and the most used hygiene method was brushing with toothpaste.

Antimicrobial activity of chlorhexidine in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances

Enita, Nakas; Dzemidzic, Vildana; Tiro, Alisa; Hadzic, Sanja
Fonte: UNICAMP/FOP Publicador: UNICAMP/FOP
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/11/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.94%
Aim: Oral environment of orthodontic patients undergoes changes, such as pH reduction, larger number of sites available for Streptococcus mutans collection, and increased accumulation of food particles, which may lead to an increased number of S. mutans colony-forming units (CFU) in saliva. Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) is the most potent documented antimicrobial agent against Mutans streptococci and dental caries. The aim of this work was to assess efficiency of CHX-based mouthwashes in patient with fixed orthodontic appliances. Methods: Twenty patients with fixed appliances were selected for this study. They were undergoing full-bonded non extraction treatment with metal brackets (Roth 0.22, Discovery Dentaurum) on their teeth and bands on their molars. Each patient was provided with a toothbrush and toothpaste. The mouthwashes were used by patients according to the manufacturers’ directions 15 min after toothbrushing: 5 mL of 0.2% CHX (Corsodyl, GlaxoSmithKline) was applied for 60 s in the morning and before bedtime for 2 weeks. Results: The data were analyzed according to the nonparametric Wilcoxon signed rank test (SPSS software). Statistical significance level was set at p<0.05. Conclusions: The use of CHX-based mouthwashes in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances led to reduction in the level of S. mutans.