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O setor público não-estatal: as organizações sociais como possibilidades e limites na gestão pública da saúde.; The non-governamental public sector: the social organizations as possibilities and limites in the public management of health.

Carneiro Junior, Nivaldo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/08/2002 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.55%
Como alternativa para superar mais uma crise do capitalismo, no final do século XX configurou-se uma nova organização geopolítica e econômica mundial de cunho neoliberal. Ela atribui ao Estado de Bem-Estar Social a responsabilidade pela crise e pela ineficiência em responder às demandas sociais do mundo em transformação. Em resposta às críticas, nasce o movimento de reforma do Estado, que vem assumindo posições nas duas últimas décadas. Nos anos 80 predominou a concepção do Estado mínimo, que encarregou o mercado da responsabilidade pelo crescimento econômico e pelo atendimento às necessidades da sociedade. Na década seguinte questionou-se esse modelo. O ideário do Estado forte regulador e coordenador de políticas sociais respondeu aquele questionamento, deixando para o mercado e o terceiro setor a produção de bens e serviços. Influenciado pela nova administração pública, esse Estado é concebido como gerenciador do desenvolvimento social, incorporando mecanismos do setor privado para aperfeiçoar resultados, como retenção de gastos e controle de custos. Essa é a orientação do plano diretor de reforma do aparelho estatal implantado pelo Governo brasileiro a partir de 1995. Uma de suas principais estratégicas foi a criação das organizações sociais – estatuto legal que permite às instituições sem fins lucrativos desenvolverem funções sociais delegadas pelo Estado. A partir de 1998...

Atuação do psicólogo em organizações não-governamentais na área de educação ; The work of psychologists in non-governmental organizations in the educational field

Dadico, Luciana
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/08/2003 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.55%
Este trabalho se faz presente em um contexto de transformações nos discursos e práticas educacionais, que acompanham a globalização e a crise econômica dos Estados nacionais, atribuindo a novos personagens, as organizações não-governamentais, a tarefa de promover melhoria no atendimento escolar. Esses discursos vêm promovendo, no país, o incremento na quantidade de organizações não-governamentais e no seu papel político. O objetivo principal da presente pesquisa é conhecer o trabalho de psicólogos que atuam em organizações não-governamentais no campo educacional, com ênfase nas especificidades deste trabalho, bem como nas principais questões relacionadas à atuação dos profissionais. Assim, constituíram informações importantes para a pesquisa as características das organizações não-governamentais que afirmam ter como missão atuar na área educacional, as características do trabalho realizado pelos psicólogos que atuam nessas instituições e as questões que os psicólogos destacaram enquanto constituintes do trabalho realizado na área da educação. Para a realização deste estudo, baseou-se principalmente nos conceitos de sociedade civil de Gramsci e nos princípios que norteiam uma educação libertadora e uma Psicologia comprometida com o oprimido. Espera-se...

Educação ambiental e organizações da sociedade civil da bacia hidrográfica do córrego Água Quente (São Carlos/SP): compreendendo a incorporação da temática ambiental em suas ações sócio-educativas; Environmental education and civil society organizations on the Água Quente stream bay (Sao Carlos/SP): understanding the incorporation of the environmental theme on social and educational acts

Oliveira, Sara Monise de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/10/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
A importância em compreender e fortalecer espaços coletivos de construção de conhecimento e desenvolvimento de ações ambientais para a participação popular e exercício da cidadania, nos levou a escolher como tema de pesquisa as relações entre educação ambiental e organizações da sociedade civil no processo de discussão e ação no campo ambiental. O trabalho de investigação envolveu duas fases: uma aberta e uma focalizada. A fase aberta se deu durante minha inserção como pesquisadora-educadora em um projeto sócio-ambiental, o Água Quente. Este, desenvolve-se desde 2005, por duas associações civis junto a outras organizações da sociedade civil que atuam na bacia hidrográfica do córrego Água Quente, região sul da cidade de São Carlos. Os objetivos foram: fortalecimento de organizações comunitárias locais, formação e capacitação de agentes comunitários e recuperação ambiental. Nesta fase, foi realizada a observação participante e a consulta a materiais produzidos pelo projeto Água Quente, a fim de iniciar um processo de aproximação e compreensão do contexto da ação sócio-educativa, bem como formular perguntas de pesquisa. Consequentemente, a segunda fase buscou respostas para as seguintes indagações: Que questões estão relacionadas à apropriação da temática ambiental por organizações da sociedade civil? Qual o papel da educação ambiental na construção e no fortalecimento da atuação de organizações da sociedade civil em relação ao ambiente local? Os objetivos específicos da fase focalizada foram: conhecer e apresentar a atuação de diferentes organizações da sociedade civil da bacia hidrográfica do córrego Água Quente...

Estudo sobre as particularidades e a capacidade de formulação e execução de estratégias de organizações da sociedade civil; Study of the particularities and the ability to formulate and implement strategies of civil society organizations

Figueiredo, Fernanda Cruz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/06/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
A presente pesquisa teve como objetivos identificar as principais particularidades das Organizações Sociedade Civil e conhecer como essas particularidades influenciam a formulação e execução de estratégias dessas organizações. Para cumprimento dos propósitos da pesquisa, foi utilizada a metodologia mista, quantitativa e qualitativa. Na primeira etapa, de natureza quali-quantitativa, foi realizado um estudo envolvendo a análise S.W.O.T feita por 217 organizações. Os dados presentes nessas análises foram classificados em proposições e temas e, por meio de estatística descritiva, foram analisadas as frequências dessas variáveis. Posteriormente, por meio da análise multivariada, foram identificadas as relações entre as fraquezas, fortalezas, oportunidades e ameaças apresentadas, bem como a relação dessas variáveis com o tempo de funcionamento dessas organizações na ocasião em que realizaram a análise S.W.O.T. A segunda etapa da pesquisa, de natureza qualitativa, buscou compreender, por meio da realização de cinco entrevistas, como os fatores identificados como mais frequentes na primeira etapa da pesquisa apresentavam-se como propulsores ou restritivos para formulação e execução de estratégias. O estudo conclui que os fatores mais frequentes em termos de fraquezas referem-se aos temas de gestão...

Payment Reform in Massachusetts: Health Care Spending and Quality in Accountable Care Organizations Four Years into Global Payment

Song, Zirui
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation; text Formato: application/pdf
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Background: The United States health care system faces two fundamental challenges: a high growth rate of health care spending and deficiencies in quality of care. The growth rate of health care spending is the dominant driver of our nation’s long-term federal debt, while the inconsistent quality of care hinders the ability of the health care system to maximize value for patients. To address both of these challenges, public and private payers are increasingly changing the way they pay providers—moving away from fee-for-service towards global payment contracts for groups of providers coming together as accountable care organizations. This thesis evaluates the change in health care spending and in quality of care associated with moving to global payment for accountable care organizations in Massachusetts in the first 4 years. This thesis studies the Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts Alternative Quality Contract (AQC), a global payment contract that provider organizations in Massachusetts began to enter in 2009. The AQC pays provider organizations a risk-adjusted global budget for the entire continuum of care for a defined population of enrollees insured by Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts. It also awards substantial pay-for-performance incentives for organizations meeting performance thresholds on quality measures. This work assesses its effect on spending and quality through the first 4 years of the contract. Methods: Enrollee-level claims data from 2006-2012 were used with a difference-in-differences design to evaluate the changes in spending and quality associated with the Alternative Quality Contract over the first 4 years. The study population consisted of enrollees in Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts plans (intervention group) and enrollees in commercial employer-sponsored plans across 5 comparison states (control group). Unadjusted and adjusted results are reported for each comparison between intervention and control. Changes in spending for all 4 AQC cohorts relative to control were evaluated. In adjusted analyses of spending...

11.235 Analyzing Projects and Organizations: How Organizations Behave, Fall 2006; Analyzing Projects and Organizations: How Organizations Behave

Tendler, Judith
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
EN-US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Seminar builds analytic skills for evaluating programs and projects, organizations, and environments. Subject covers: using proxy indicators with poor data and limited time; preparing for, conducting, and interpreting interviews; conducting cross-project and cross-organization comparisons; and finding rationality in seemingly chaotic organizational and project environments. From the course home page: Course Description This class analyzes how organizations behave, both government and nongovernment, drawing on the literature of the sociology of organizations, political science, and public administration. The class seeks to demonstrate rationality in otherwise seemingly chaotic organizational environments and implementation experiences. It builds analytical skills for evaluating programs and projects, organizations, and environments, and draws equally on developing-country and developed-country literature.

Scaling Up Youth-Focused Interventions in the Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Programs and Building Capacity of Civil Society Organizations, Case from Zambia : An Assessment Report

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Lusaka Publicador: World Bank, Lusaka
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Zambia is among countries with high HIV/AIDS prevalence, 16 percent among adult population aged 15 to 49 years. Prevalence among urban population is twice that of rural dwellers, 23 percent for urban and 11 percent for rural residents. Like other African countries, youth and women are the groups highly infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. As part of the scaling up effort, the World Bank (WB) commissioned a local consultant to undertake this exercise, focusing mainly on the capacity building needs of youth-serving organizations, civil society organizations, including youth organizations, sectoral ministries working on youth-focused HIV/AIDS initiatives. In this exercise young people and youth organizations were targeted as key sources of information. Specifically, the objectives of the assessment are: a) assess the current state of programming for youth-focused HIV activities in the country; b) determine the level of funding for youth-focused activities and effectiveness of youth-focused activities within the Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Programs (MAP) and other major HIV programs; c) identify factors that may foster or hinder attention to youth in the MAP and other HIV interventions; d) define priority capacity building needs among Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) working mainly on youth-focused HIV/AIDS interventions; and e) identify potential implementing partners who will carry out capacity building activities. There is increasing recognition of the devastating effects of HIV/AIDS among youths and for this reason...

Mobilizing and Coordinating Expert Teams, Nongovernmental Organizations, Nonprofit Organizations, and Vounteers

Osa, Yukie; Sagara, Junko; Ishiwatari, Mikio
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.62%
In response to the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), domestic and international assistance initiatives were launched by a large number of public and private sectors organizations; and various emergency teams were mobilized through national and international networks. The GEJE reminded us that civil society organizations play an indispensable role in disaster management. These organizations have the advantage of flexibility and speed in reaching and caring for affected communities. However, there were no coordination mechanisms in place that functioned properly on the ground. Because of the complexity of disaster response operations and the large numbers of actors involved, coordination mechanisms must be established in advance during normal times. Municipality and prefecture governments play a leading role in disaster response in Japan. However, because of the catastrophic consequences of the March 11 earthquake and tsunamis many of the local governments were unable to respond, so national agencies as well as prefectures and municipalities outside the affected region were quickly deployed. Disaster Medical Assistance Team (DMAT) is a specialized team of medical doctors...

Evaluating ISO 9001:2000 Certified and Non-Certified Organizations in Brazilian Leather-Footwear Chain

Almeida, Marcelo Hoss; Ten Caten, Carla Schwengber; Gutterres, Mariliz
Fonte: Brazilian Association for Industrial Engineering and Operations Management (ABEPRO) Publicador: Brazilian Association for Industrial Engineering and Operations Management (ABEPRO)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Peer-reviewed Article; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/05/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
This study analyzes the Management Practices and Results constructs from several ISO 9001:2000 certified and non-certified organizations in the Brazilian leather-footwear chain in order to identify possible differences in performance between those and to determine the Motivation construct that led these organizations to attain the certification. To achieve these objectives, a research survey was made by sending out an invitation by e-mail to complete a suitable questionnaire on the Internet. We received 130 replies, 45 from certified  organizations and 85 from non-certified organizations. A validation process of the questionnaire was carried out. The factors extracted of the constructs presented positive and significant correlations in the certified organizations. These organizations also performed better in Management Practices and obtained superior Results than those of the non-certifiedorganizations. It is suggested that the non-certified companies in the Brazilian leather-footwear chain should develop a specific motivation to obtain the ISO 9001:2000 certification in order to improve their businesses. The outcome of the research favors the implementation of such joint policies for quality along the value chain to improve industry competitiveness.

The Role of Neighborhood Organizations in the Production of Gentrifiable Urban Space: The Case of Wynwood, Miami's Puerto Rican Barrio

Feldman, Marcos
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
Partnerships between government and community-based actors and organizations are considered the hallmark of contemporary governance arrangements for the revitalization and gentrification of economically distressed, inner city areas. This dissertation uses historical, narrative analysis and ethnographic methods to examine the formation, evolution and operation of community-based governance partnerships in the production of gentrifable urban space in the Wynwood neighborhood of Miami, FL between 1970 and 2010. This research is based on more than four years of participant observation, 60 in-depth interviews with respondents recruited through a purposive snowball sample, review of secondary and archival sources, and descriptive, statistical and GIS analysis. This study examines how different organizations formed in the neighborhood since the 1970s have facilitated the recent gentrification of Wynwood. It reveals specifically how partnerships between neighborhood-based government agencies, nonprofit organizations and real estate developers were constructed to be exclusionary and lead to inequitable economic development outcomes for Wynwood residents. The key factors conditioning these inequalities include both the rationalities of action of the organizations involved and the historical contexts in which their leaders’ thinking and actions were shaped. The historical contexts included the ethnic politics of organizational funding in the 1970s and the “entrepreneurial” turn of community-based economic development and Miami urban politics since the 1980s. Over time neighborhood organizations adopted highly pragmatic rationalities and repertoires of action. By the 2000s when Wynwood experienced unprecedented investment and redevelopment...

Voice Lessons : Local Government Organizations, Social Organizations, and the Quality of Local Governance

Alatas, Vivi; Pritchett, Lant; Wetterberg, Anna
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.68%
As part the Local Level Institutions study of local life in villages in rural Indonesia information was gathered on sampled household's participation in social activities. We classified the reported activities into four distinct types of social activity: sociability, networks, social organizations, and village government organizations. Respondents were also asked about questions about their village government: whether they were informed about village funds and projects, if they participated in village decisions, if they expressed voice about village problems, and if they thought the village government was responsive to local problems. Several findings emerge regarding the relationship between the social variables and the governance activities. Not surprisingly, an individual household's involvement with the village government organizations tends to increase their own reports of positive voice, participation, and information. In contrast, the data suggest a negative spillover on other households. There is a strong "chilling" effect of one household's participation in village government organizations on the voice...

Yemen Civil Society Organizations in Transition : A Mapping and Capacity Assessment of Development-Oriented Civil Society Organizations in Five Governorates

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Social Protection Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.66%
Civil society in Yemen is vibrant and diverse but highly fragmented. It includes independent registered and organized civic groups, less organized local self-help organizations, and charity oriented groups. The first period, from 1950 to 1963, saw a growth in associational activity in the modern enclave of late colonial Aden and within the protectorates of the northern imamate amidst heavy immigration and modernization. A second stage of development took place in the late 1970s and 1980s with very little central control but exceptional affluence thanks to remittances from citizens employed in the Gulf. As the political transition in Yemen continues, there is renewed interest in engaging local Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in the process of service delivery, decentralization, institution building and in encouraging inclusion and greater citizen participation. The Government has requested that the World Bank update its earlier work on CSOs in Yemen to map and to assess the capacities of present-day...

Nonprofit Organizations and the Combatting of Terrorism Financing : A Proportionate Response

van der Does de Willebois, Emile
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
One of the ways that terrorist organizations raise and transfer funds is by using the fundraising power, and the aura of charitable activity, of nonprofit organizations (NPOs). This article argues that, when discussing the threat and how to address it, policymakers need to be specific and not paint the whole sector with the same brush. Virtually all governments already interact with the NPO sector in one way or another. These preexisting avenues should be used for dealing with this issue; it is inefficient and ultimately counterproductive to devise an entirely new regulatory framework. The ultimate objective is to enhance the transparency of the sector to ensure information is available on the people in charge of NPOs, their sources of funds, and, particularly, the way those funds are spent. This aim serves a much wider purpose than just terrorism financing and touches on many aspects of good governance of civil society that the sector itself and others have been debating for a long time. When devising public policy on how to deal with possible terrorism financing through the nonprofit sector...

Local Organizations in Decentralized Development : Their Functions and Performance in India

Alsop, Ruth; Kurey, Bryan
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
Local organizations have become key mechanisms in effective, fair, and sustainable resource management in India. Two debates dominate discourse on the roles of local organizations in decentralized development: first, on how to ensure they function effectively, fairly, and sustainably; and second, on the relative roles of different organizations - including elected local governments, administrative line departments, and nongovernmental organizations. This book adds empirical evidence to these debates, and suggests that in practice, they can not be separated. Based on research on local organizations in India, involved in three sectors: rural women's development and empowerment; rural drinking water supply and sanitation; and, watershed development, in the states of Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttaranchal, the authors' findings indicate that the design of, and support for local organizations are often little more than rudimentary, resulting in less than adequate performance, and raising serious sustainability concerns. The study further indicates that sector-specific configurations of a plural organizational landscape...

Strategic Planning and Organizational Effectiveness in Social Service Organizations in Portugal

Ferreira, Marisa R.; Proença, João F.
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico do Porto Publicador: Instituto Politécnico do Porto
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em 15/12/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
This study aims to understand the reality of social service organizations, the level of implementation of the strategic planning as well as the impact of its application on organizational effectiveness. At first, we will group organizations in clusters according to the level of strategic planning implementation and its degree of effectiveness. Secondly, we will analyse all the different groups. Given the growing number of social service organizations and the consequent complexity of their structures, it turns out the need for these organizations adopt formal management techniques. Strategic planning is a valuable strategic management tool and one of its main objectives is to make organizations more effective. Therefore, the research has been conducted in order to determine if strategic planning is implemented in social service organizations and which effects has its application on organizational effectiveness. The survey, applied to 220 social service organizations, allowed us to gather them into different clusters, showing that different levels of strategic planning determine distinct degrees of organizational efficiency. Finally, it should be noted that findings of this research may be essential to decision makers of these organizations...

The motivations of the executives of the social organizations in the processes of qualification in management; As motivações dos executivos de organizações sociais nos processos de capacitação em gestão

Oliveira, Antonio Marcos Vargas de; Amom Consultoria Empresarial Ltda; Nunes, Rogerio da Silva; UFSC - Florianópolis - SC; Moritz, Gilberto de Oliveira; UFSC - Florianópolis - SC
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2007 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
A phenomenon that has been observed regarding the calls organizations of the Third Sector, beyond the interest of the researches regarding these organizations, is the increasing number of courses directed to the qualification of its professionals in developed techniques of the management originally toward the organizations of market. The first ones to study this phenomenon had related to a new logic introduced for the financial agents of the activities of these organizations, that they had started to have a significant participation from the decade of 60 (international Non-Profit Organizations), and the new financiers that from years 90 they have, gradual, if become its more influential agents (companies). This work was developed in the attempt to identify the preponderant reasons for the organizations of Third Sector to search such type of qualification, through the analysis of the motivations of the executives of 74 participant organizations of a course of qualification in management.; Um fenômeno que tem sido observado a respeito das chamadas organizações do Terceiro Setor, além do interesse dos pesquisadores a respeito dessas organizações, é o número crescente de cursos voltados à capacitação de seus profissionais em técnicas de gestão desenvolvidas originalmente para as organizações de mercado. Os primeiros a estudar o fenômeno...

A gestão ambiental nas organizações como nova variável estratégica; Environmental management in organizations as new strategic variable

Oliveira, Alberto de; UCG - Goiânia - GO; Mâcedo, Kátia Barbosa; Universidade Católica de Goiás
Fonte: Revista Psicologia: Organizações e Trabalho Publicador: Revista Psicologia: Organizações e Trabalho
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2005 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
O presente artigo tem como objetivo discutir a Gestão Ambiental como uma variável importante a ser inserida no planejamento estratégico das organizações, tendo em vista o contexto globalizado, que inclui o movimento ecológico, a mudança no perfil dos consumidores e as pressões dos movimentos sociais por uma melhor performance das organizações. Está dividido em cinco partes, sendo que a primeira aborda a importância do movimento ambientalista como resultado de um processo de construção histórica; a segunda, aborda como a questão ambiental impactou nas organizações; a terceira aborda as formas de reações das organizações frente à questão ambiental; a quarta explica como implantar um sistema de gestão ambiental nas organizações e a quinta discute como o psicólogo pode contribuir com a implantação, por meio da sensibilização, desenvolvimento de gestores, formação de pessoal e facilitador de mudança cultural.; This article was made to discuss the insertion of the environmental management as an important variable to configure in a strategic planning for the organizations, considering that the global context includes the ecological movement, the consumers and stakeholders’ changes and the pressure of social movements seeking for better performances for organizations. It is composed by five sections: the first one discuss the ecological movement as a result of a historical process; the second one discuss about the insertion of this variable into the organizations; the third one presents the reactions of the organizations to this movement; the fourth one presents the steps to implant environmental programs in organizations and the fifth one discuss how the organizational psychologist can work with this variable in organizations...

Experiences about HIV-AIDS preventive-control activities: Discourses from non-governmental organizations professionals and users

Berenguera,Anna; Pujol-Ribera,Enriqueta; Violan,Concepció; Romaguera,Amparo; Mansilla,Rosa; Giménez,Albert; Almeda,Jesús
Fonte: Gaceta Sanitaria Publicador: Gaceta Sanitaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
Objectives: The main aim of this study was to identify the experiences of professionals in nongovernmental organizations (NGO) in Catalonia (Spain) working in HIV/AIDS prevention and control activities and potential areas of improvement of these activities and their evaluation. A further aim was to characterize the experiences, knowledge and practices of users of these organizations with regard to HIV infection and its prevention. Methods: A phenomenological qualitative study was conducted with the participation of both professionals and users of Catalan nongovernmental organizations (NGO) working in HIV/AIDS. Theoretical sampling (professional) and opportunistic sampling (users) were performed. To collect information, the following techniques were used: four focus groups and one triangular group (professionals), 22 semi-structured interviews, and two observations (users). A thematic interpretive content analysis was conducted by three analysts. Results: The professionals of nongovernmental organizations working in HIV/AIDS adopted a holistic approach in their activities, maintained confidentiality, had cultural and professional competence and followed the principles of equality and empathy. The users of these organizations had knowledge of HIV/AIDS and understood the risk of infection. However...

A glance at the competing values framework of Quinn and the Miles & Snow strategic models: Case studies in health organizations

Morais,Luis F.; Graça,Luis M.
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
The present research seeks to describe and understand how strategy influences leadership and how this in turn interacts in the process of innovation and change in health organizations. This is an exploratory and descriptive study that involved five health organizations: four Portuguese and one Spanish. We used a mixed approach of research (qualitative and quantitative), which enabled us to understand, through case study, how strategy and leadership were articulated with innovation in these five health organizations and the model of the Competing Values Framework of Quinn (organizational culture and leadership), suitably adapted, have proven heuristic power and are able to be applied to healthcare organizations. Public and private healthcare organizations, as well as public&-private partnerships, can be tracked and monitored in their processes of innovation and change in order to understand its kind of culture, leadership or organizational strategy adopted. Health organizations coexist in a continuum, where the environment (internal and external) and time are key factors which determine the strategy to be adopted. Here too depending on the dynamic and complex reality where the organization moves, there are no pure types. There is indeed a great organizational plasticity and flexibility. Leaders usually carry the formal authority by circular normative. They are not pairs (or primi inter pares). Instead they are...

Experiences about HIV-AIDS preventive-control activities: discourses from non-governmental organizations professionals and users

Berenguera,Anna; Pujol-Ribera,Enriqueta; Violan,Concepció; Romaguera,Amparo; Mansilla,Rosa; Giménez,Albert; Almeda,Jesús
Fonte: Ediciones Doyma, S.L. Publicador: Ediciones Doyma, S.L.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
Objectives: The main aim of this study was to identify the experiences of professionals in nongovernmental organizations (NGO) in Catalonia (Spain) working in HIV/AIDS prevention and control activities and potential areas of improvement of these activities and their evaluation. A further aim was to characterize the experiences, knowledge and practices of users of these organizations with regard to HIV infection and its prevention. Methods: A phenomenological qualitative study was conducted with the participation of both professionals and users of Catalan nongovernmental organizations (NGO) working in HIV/AIDS. Theoretical sampling (professional) and opportunistic sampling (users) were performed. To collect information, the following techniques were used: four focus groups and one triangular group (professionals), 22 semi-structured interviews, and two observations (users). A thematic interpretive content analysis was conducted by three analysts. Results: The professionals of nongovernmental organizations working in HIV/AIDS adopted a holistic approach in their activities, maintained confidentiality, had cultural and professional competence and followed the principles of equality and empathy. The users of these organizations had knowledge of HIV/AIDS and understood the risk of infection. However...