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Engenharia, manutenção e operação em processos contínuos: elementos para o projeto de fronteiras organizacionais móveis e interpenetrantes; Integrated organizational design for operations, engineering and maintenance in continuous process production: a pratical issue and a conceptual gap

SALERNO, Mario Sergio; AULICINO, Marcelo Crescenti
Fonte: Universidade Federal de São Carlos Publicador: Universidade Federal de São Carlos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.15%
Nos processos contínuos há uma forte participação dos profissionais da manutenção e da engenharia na operação do sistema de produção. Manutenção e engenharia atuam diretamente na operação quando especificam parâmetros de controle do processo, intervêm em eventos previstos ou não, resolvem problemas de grande complexidade tecnológica e logística, e modificam processos e equipamentos para obter melhores resultados. Por outro lado, é a operação que detém o conhecimento de como realizar manobras, da inércia das instalações para responder a comandos, dos efeitos práticos do encadeamento e desdobramento de manobras, da alteração de parâmetros de controle, ou da indisponibilidade de equipamento, influenciando decisivamente o espectro de ação da engenharia e da manutenção. Não obstante, mesmo as mais avançadas e contemporâneas abordagens para projeto organizacional não apresentam critérios integrados de projeto para essas três decisivas funções, que se interpenetram. Ou seja, abordar-se-á não a interface tradicional, estática, entre as áreas, mas a sua interpenetração e ação de operação. Nesses termos, o objetivo deste trabalho é contribuir na construção de um quadro de referência e de critérios de projeto integrado das três áreas...

Relação entre estruturas organizacionais e indicadores de desempenho das organizações não-governamentais do estado de São Paulo; Relationship between Organizational Design and Performance Indicators of Nongovernmental Organizations in the State of São Paulo.

Aguiar, Andson Braga de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/08/2004 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.31%
Esta pesquisa identifica e analisa as relações entre os aspectos básicos que determinam as estruturas organizacionais – sob a ótica de Henry Mintzberg – e indicadores de desempenho operacional das Organizações Não-Governamentais do Estado de São Paulo. Subsidiariamente, analisa o relacionamento entre estruturas organizacionais e área de atuação, idade, tamanho e composição das receitas. Os aspectos básicos representam os parâmetros de design e os fatores situacionais. Os indicadores de desempenho são analisados sob os aspectos quantitativos e qualitativos. Os indicadores quantitativos aplicados foram: índice de aplicação de recursos na atividade meio, índice de aplicação de recursos na atividade fim, produtividade de mão-de-obra e produtividade de capital. Quanto aos qualitativos, identificam-se os principais fatores com os quais as entidades pesquisadas estão comprometidas no sentido de satisfazer os beneficiários na prestação dos serviços. Realizou-se uma pesquisa de campo, dentro de uma abordagem hipotético-dedutiva, envolvendo 34 entidades ligadas à Associação Brasileira de Organizações Não-Governamentais, por meio de um roteiro para condução de entrevistas. Detectou-se, na análise do conjunto das ONGs...

Organização na produção por processos contínuos: prática, conceitos e métodos de projeto para fronteiras móveis interpenetrantes.; Organization in continous processes production: practice, concepts, and method for moving and interpenetrate frontiers.

Aulicino, Marcelo Crescenti
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/04/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.31%
Nos processos contínuos observa-se uma forte participação da Engenharia e da Manutenção na operação dos sistemas de produção, ao mesmo tempo em que a Operação interage bastante com as atividades daquelas duas funções. Essas intervenções das funções, no que aparentemente seria do domínio organizacional das demais, acontecem em razão da complexidade tecnológica e logística desses sistemas de produção. Os estudos de casos realizados em refinaria de petróleo e em fábrica petroquímica de produtos para fertilizantes, que são casos típicos de processos contínuos, mostram que nas interfaces entre as funções Operação, Engenharia e Manutenção as fronteiras organizacionais não são fixas. Elas se movem e se interpenetram, conferindo dinâmica à estrutura organizacional para solucionar problemas, definir e implantar metas de produção. Entretanto, a teoria para projetos organizacionais, em particular a teoria sociotécnica moderna, prevê fronteiras fixas. Neste trabalho, tendo em vista as interfaces entre as funções que atuam de modo integrado na produção por processos contínuos, essa teoria é discutida, fazendo-se as considerações pertinentes às fronteiras móveis, fruto das informações exploradas através dos casos estudados. Então são feitas proposições de cunho conceitual-metodológico para que a teoria de projetos organizacionais possa tratar as fronteiras que se movem e se interpenetram. Os conceitos propostos abrangem co-execução de atividades e compartilhamento do controle de aspectos dos sistemas de produção pela Operação...

Contribuição aos critérios de projeto organizacional para inovação em empresas consolidadas de setores maduros - o caso da indústria petroquímica brasileira.; Contribution to the criteria for innovation oriented organizational design in consolidated companies of mature sectors - the case of Brazilian petrochemical industry.

Mello, Adriana Marotti de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/06/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
A indústria petroquímica brasileira, assim como outros setores consolidados e maduros, está acostumada a inovar incrementalmente em produtos e processos, mas para manter sua competitividade tem a necessidade de inovar mais e mais radicalmente. Tanto na literatura pesquisada quanto nos resultados dos estudos de caso realizados, há o conceito de que os Projetos Organizacionais para o desenvolvimento de inovações radicais e incrementais deveriam ser diferentes entre si. Mas a literatura não avança nesta questão, não apresentando recomendações ou prescrições assertivas. Por outro lado, sente-se a mesma dificuldade nas empresas, que entendem a necessidade de lidar com as inovações radicais de uma forma distinta das incrementais, mas acabam trabalhando em ambas da mesma forma, com estruturas distintas, porém com semelhante organização, com as mesmas ferramentas e práticas gerenciais. Este trabalho tem por objetivo contribuir com esta discussão, através da proposição de critérios para o Projeto Organizacional adequado ao desenvolvimento de inovações incrementais e radicais de forma sistemática em empresas consolidadas de setores maduros, aprofundando o que já foi proposto pela literatura, partindo do princípio de que não haveria um único modelo a ser prescrito. A pesquisa de campo foi realizada através do estudo de múltiplos casos em três empresas inovadoras do setor petroquímico brasileiro...

Contribuição para o desenho organizacional de instituição pública brasileira: estudo de caso no setor de semicondutores.; Contribution to organizational design in Brazilian Public Institution: a case study in the semiconductor industry.

Biazzi, Monica Rottmann de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/04/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.37%
Nas últimas décadas, o domínio tecnológico tem sido enfatizado como elemento de progresso tanto no âmbito das empresas como no dos países. A tecnologia está presente na infra-estrutura das atividades econômicas e de toda a sociedade. Dessa forma, a tecnologia da informação é cada vez mais importante para o desenvolvimento tecnológico, mesmo em áreas não diretamente ligadas a ela. O setor de semicondutores, que em conjunto com os setores de computação e de software forma a indústria de microeletrônica, tem tido especial destaque na evolução da economia mundial. No Brasil, entretanto, o setor de semicondutores permanece restrito a um pequeno grupo de empresas. Neste contexto, com o propósito de desenvolver o setor de microeletrônica no Brasil, o governo federal, por meio do Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação, investiu na criação de uma empresa de semicondutores, no estado do Rio Grande do Sul. A empresa criada constitui o objeto de pesquisa deste estudo de caso, desenvolvido ao longo de 2011, com foco em seu desenho organizacional. Os objetivos alcançados com o presente trabalho foram os seguintes: levantamento dos modelos de desenho organizacional na literatura, tanto do setor privado como do setor público; estudo das características administrativas de instituições públicas brasileiras...

Organizational design as an enabler for innovation: evidence from a German Mechanical Engineering Company

Eisold, Sebastian
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Dissertação
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.46%
Over the past two decades there has been a profusion of empirical studies of organizational design and its relationship to efficiency, productivity and flexibility of an organization. In parallel, there has been a wide range of studies about innovation management in different kind of industries and firms. However, with some exceptions, the organizational and innovation management bodies of literature tend to examine the issues of organizational design and innovation management individually, mainly in the context of large firms operating at the technological frontier. There seems to be a scarcity of empirical studies that bring together organizational design and innovation and examine them empirically and over time in the context of small and medium sized enterprises. This dissertation seeks to provide a small contribution in that direction. This dissertation examines the dynamic relationship between organizational design and innovation. This relationship is examined on the basis of a single-case design in a medium sized mechanical engineering company in Germany. The covered time period ranges from 1958 until 2009, although the actual focus falls on the recent past. This dissertation draws on first-hand qualitative empirical evidence gathered through extensive field work. The main findings are: 1. There is always a bundle of organizational dimensions which impacts innovation. These main organizational design dimensions are: (1) Strategy & Leadership...

Organizational learning and organizational design

Curado, Carla
Fonte: Emerald Publicador: Emerald
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
Literature review Approach This paper explores a new idea presenting the possible relationship between organizational learning and organizational design. The establishment of this relation is based upon extensive literature review. Findings Organizational learning theory has been used to understand several organizational phenomena, like resources and competencies, tacit knowledge or the role of memory in the organization; however, it is difficult to identify fits and consequent misfits between organizational learning and the organizational design. Research limitations This one is a theoretical paper, so there is a possible limitation, regarding the lack of empirical support. Practical implications At the end of the paper a number of recommendations regarding the organizational design are suggested, in order to promote organizational learning in the firms. Value of the paper This paper identifies some links between organizational learning and organizational design, providing the grounds for a subsequent development and empirically testing of those relations.

Dynamic fit and misfit through organizational design conceptualization via stability and maneuverability

Nissen, Mark E.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
Fit represents a central concept for organizational Contingency Theory, but most research maintains a static focus, neglecting that contingencies—and hence the corresponding organizational designs required for fit—are dynamic. Further, with multiple, often conflicting contingency factors—reflecting both endogenous and exogenous origins—in a set changing through time, organizations are likely to spend much of their time in conditions of misfit. This highlights the importance of research focusing on the magnitude and difficulty of correcting misfits over time. However, the dynamics of fit and misfit are not addressed well by extant organization and management theory. In this article, we extend Contingency Theory through conceptualization of dynamic organizational fit and misfit and reveal key organizational design implications. We begin with a focused summary of the literature regarding the nature of dynamic fit and then draw from the engineering field of Aerodynamics to inform our conceptualization in terms of stability, maneuverability and opportunity loss. This work enables us to develop and outline a conceptual model and to articulate a set of propositions and measures that form a basis for empirical testing. This work also reveals important organizational design tradeoffs and implications regarding dynamic fit...

Organizational design of multi-product multi-market firms

Coleff, Joaquín
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/draft; info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /05/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.29%
In this paper, we seek to understand how a multi-product multi-market firm (for example, a multinational firm) designs its organizational structure and compensation scheme when its profitability is conditioned by how market information flows within the company. By modifying its organizational structure–centralizing or decentralizing decision making–and changing the weights of its compensation scheme, the firm can shape how information flows and is represented, changing the firm’s profitability. We find that, when being multi-product (having to allocate a scarce resource between markets), the headquarters links the organizational design of decision rights between different product markets. The headquarters decentralizes decision rights in products with higher returns to product differentiation while it centralizes decision rights in products with lower returns to product differentiation. As centralization is complementary with product standardization and decentralization is complementary with product differentiation, the organizational design conditions the firm’s market policy. The relation among product’s decision rights remains even when the headquarters cannot control how local managers allocate resources in their own local divisions. Our results are robust to different generalizations. Our paper therefore...

Normative Design of Organizations - Part II: Organizational Structure

Levchuk, Georgiy M.; Levchuk, Yuri N.; Luo, Jie; Pattipati, Krishna R.; Kleinman, David L.
Fonte: IEEE Publicador: IEEE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.28%
This paper presents a multiobjective structural optimization process of designing an organization to execute a specific mission. We provide mathematical formulations for optimization problems arising in Phases II and III of our organizational design process (Phase I was presented in Part I of this paper [56]) and polynomial algorithms to solve the corresponding problems. Our organizational design methodology applies specific optimization techniques at different phases of the design, efficiently matching the structure of a mission (in particular, the one defined by the courses of action obtained from mission planning) to that of an organization. It allows an analyst to obtain an acceptable tradeoff among multiple mission and design objectives, as well as between computational complexity and solution efficiency (desired degree of suboptimality).; This work was supported by the Office of Naval Research under Contracts N00014-93-1-0793, N00014-98-1-0465 and N00014-00-1-0101.

Employing organizational modeling and simulation to deconstruct the KC-135 aircraft's programmed depot maintenance flight controls repair cell

Paskin, Matthew A.; Trevino, Alice W.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xx, 146 p. ; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.38%
Joint Applied Project; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This research modeled and simulated the KC-135 aircraft's Programmed Depot Maintenance (PDM) Flight Controls Repair Cell to identify improvement opportunities for greater efficiency within the flight controls repair process. PDM is conducted by the 564th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron, 76th Aircraft Maintenance Group, Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center (OC-ALC), Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma. The researchers focused on the repair cell's internal formal and informal communication flows and information processing to evaluate the impact on flight controls repair throughput time. Computational organizational modeling was employed to examine organizational design modifications and their effect on repair cycle-time, project cost, and project risk. The modeling and simulation software used is based upon organizational design theory and information-processing research. To build the baseline organizational model that emulated the actual repair process, the researchers collected data through interviews with repair cell personnel and through observation of the repair process. Modifications called ''interventions" were developed to simulate and analyze organizational design changes. The study concludes with the recommendation of feasible organizational design alternatives for OC-ALC decision-makers to improve the flight controls repair process and throughput time.; Outstanding Thesis; United States Air Force authors

Assessment of a Model-based Organizational Design Methodology in Bridge to Global '99

Levchuk, Yuri; Kleinman, David L.; Pattipati, Krishna R.; Kemple, William G.; Luoma, Marc
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School. Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School.
Tipo: Conference Paper
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
2000 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (CCRTS), June 11-13, 2000, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA; This paper presents the application of our model-based laboratory-validated organizational design methodology to synthesizing Joint Task Force (JTF) C2 architectures for the operational war game “Bridge to Global '99”. It illustrates the process of deriving an “optimal” organization and instantiating the candidate scenarios and resultant organizational design(s) in the MAGTAF Tactical Warfare Simulator (MTWS). The “Bridge to Global '99” project sets the stage for the application, testing, and refinement of the A2C2 organizational design methodologies in realistic settings with operational experts, while signifying the value of model-based experimentation as a precursor to large-scale war games. The corresponding modeling and design effort, illustrated in this paper, represents an important step toward the ultimate transition of relevant research findings and technology for organizational design to the operational community.; This work was supported by the Office of Naval Research under contract #N00014-93-1-0793

Organizational design analysis of Fleet Readiness Center Southwest Components Department

Montes, Jose Fernando
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xvi, 115 p. : ill.; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
MBA Professional Report; The U.S. Navy's Naval Aviation Enterprise has combined its Depot aircraft maintenance activities with the Aircraft Intermediate Maintenance facilities to form the Fleet Readiness Centers across the U.S. The merger creates newly formed organizations responsible for providing comprehensive aircraft maintenance support by combining personnel, technical expertise, equipment and facilities. The purpose of this MBA Project is to analyze the proposed organizational design elements of the FRCSW Components Department that resulted from the integration of the Naval Aviation Depot at North Island (NADEP N.I.) and the Aircraft Intermediate Maintenance Department North Island (AIMD N.I.) in San Diego, CA. The goal of this project is to evaluate possible misalignments in the current organizational design and structure of the organization, identify design gaps, and areas of duplication of effort. This project evaluates the current design through personnel interviews and is conducted with the sponsorship and assistance of the Fleet Readiness Center Southwest.

Trust, mistrust, and organizational design: understanding the effects of social configurations

Moonier, James E.; Greene, Mark L.; Baker, Spencer L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 63 p. ; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
MBA Professional Report; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Trust matters for task performance, particularly when the task involves dealing with potential threat or crisis. When faced with important decisions in such situations, the social connections between managers and front-line employees are critical. Drawing on the concept of trust and organizational design we investigate and provide a comprehensive overview of the effects of trust and mistrust on two different organizational designs. The formation of effective partnerships is influenced greatly by trust. Trust sets the stage for necessary factors for collaboration such as social interaction, communication, negotiation, and cooperation. The organizations are structured as Hierarchies or self-managing teams, also known as Edge organizations. This project analyzes the effects of high and low conditions of trust on two distinct structures of organizations offering insight to appropriate selection of design structures within varying conditions of trust. The analysis also offers a comparison of each group's performance to determine the most effective structures under certain conditions of trust. We find that collaborative, sharing practices (an organic...

The implementation of organizational design principles throughout the San Mateo County emergency services Joint Powers Agreement and its ability to increase applicability, relevance, and effectiveness

Barberini, Edmund L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xviii, 83 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
CHDS State/Local; This thesis examines the application of organizational design principles to, and intergovernmental effort for, the provision of emergency management and homeland security services to a county comprised of twenty individual incorporated cities with a population of over 700,000. A current lack of attention paid to these important factors has led to an emergency management process that does not provide the necessary level of collaboration or the efficient distribution of vital resources. The premise is that the inclusion of special districts in the county's emergency plans and response strategies will promote the optimum level of safety, security, and preparedness. Interoperable communications is presented as an area where an existing Joint Powers Agreement (JPA) can be more comprehensive and effective. The thesis will examine the nature of a series of perceived challenges associated with this joint powers agreement as these factors apply to special districts and interoperable communications. The paper also examines potential solutions to these challenges via the implementation of organizational design principles.

Ontario high school sport : an investigation of organizational design and its context

Sarson, Lindsay A.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
In 2002, The Ontario Federation of School Athletic Associations (OFSAA) identified that in providing extracurricular sport programs schools are faced with the 'new realities' of the education system. Although research has been conducted exploring the pressures impacting the provision of extracurricular school sport (Donnelly, Mcloy, Petherick, & Safai, 2000), few studies within the field have focused on understanding extracurricular school sport from an organizational level. The focus of this study was to examine the organizational design (structure, systems, and values) of the extracurricular sport department within three Ontario high schools, as well as to understand the context within which the departments exist. A qualitative multiple case study design was adopted and three public high schools were selected from one district school board in Ontario to represent the cases under investigation. Interviews, observations and documents were used to analyze the extracurricular sport department design of each case and to better understand the context within which the departments exist. As the result of the analysis of the structure, systems and values of each case, two designs emerged- Design KT1 and Design KT2. Differences in the characteristics of design archetype KT1 and KT2 centered on the design dimension of values...

Diseño organizacional en accion; Organizational design in action

Rodríguez Fandiño, Pablo Jonathan
Fonte: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Estudios a Distancia; Administración de Empresas Publicador: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Estudios a Distancia; Administración de Empresas
Tipo: bachelorThesis; Trabajo de grado Formato: pdf; pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.07%
el presente ensayo muestra la aplicación del diseño organizacional en una entidad publica, basado en un modelo lineal staff, que es una mezcla en del modelo lineal clásico para instituciones del gobierno, ejercito, y un modelo funcional utilizado en organizaciones privadas.; this essay shows the application of organizational design in a public institution, based on a linear model staff, a mix of classical linear model for government institutions, army, and a functional model used in private organizations.

Meta-Organizational Design: Rethinking Design in Inter-Organizational and Community Contexts

Gulati, Ranjay; Puranam, Phanish; Tushman, Michael L.
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.18%
This paper provides conceptual foundations for analyzing organizations comprising multiple legally autonomous entities, which we call meta-organizations. We assess the antecedents of the emergence of such collectives and the design choices they entail. The paper identifies key parameters on which such meta-organizations' designs differ from each other. It also presents a taxonomy that elucidates how such forms of collective action vary and the constraints they must address to be successful. We conclude with implications for research on meta-organizational design.

Analyzing, modeling and predicting organizational effects in a distribuited sensor network

Horling,Bryan; Lesser,Victor
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
The organizational design of a distributed system defines how entities act and interact to achieve local and global objectives. We describe how a system employing different types of organizational techniques has been used to address the challenges posed by a distributed sensor network environment. The high-level, multi-agent architecture of this realworld system is given in detail, and we provide empirical results demonstrating the effects the organization has on the system's performance across several different metrics. As with any design, the particular approach that is employed makes trade-offs, some of which are obvious and some more subtle. The presence of such trade-offs motivates the need for a better understanding of precisely how the organization influences large and small-scale behaviors. To address this need, we first demonstrate how a collection of analytic models can be developed to predict such effects. This experience is then used to ground the presentation of a more comprehensive, domain-independent organizational modeling language called ODML. The structure and capabilities of ODML are explained through the construction of a unified model of our sensor network organization. We then show that this model provides an accurate prediction of the original empirical results.

A teoria das estruturas organizacionais de Mintzberg e a gestão estratégica de custos: um estudo nas ONGs paulistas; Mintzbergs organizational configurations theory and strategic cost management: a study of ngos in São Paulo state

Aguiar, Andson Braga de; Martins, Gilberto de Andrade
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2006 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.18%
O presente artigo buscou identificar implicações que as estruturas organizacionais, sob a ótica da teoria de Mintzberg, predominantes nas Organizações Não-Governamentais (ONGs) do Estado de São Paulo, podem causar na gestão estratégica de custos. Considera-se que a gestão estratégica de custos precisa ser consistente com as características organizacionais determinantes da estrutura administrativa para se tornar capaz de maximizar os recursos aplicados em entidades dessa natureza. Foi realizada uma pesquisa de campo, por meio de um roteiro para a condução de entrevistas. Constatou-se que as ONGs apresentam como estrutura organizacional predominante: a burocracia profissional, conforme a tipologia proposta por Mintzberg. Adicionalmente, verificou-se a presença de aspectos organizacionais não consistentes com a burocracia profissional pura. A implementação de uma gestão estratégica de custos precisará considerar que essas organizações utilizam, fortemente, o parâmetro de treinamento, muito planejamento de ações, além de atuarem em ambientes, preferencialmente, estáveis e complexos, apresentarem mediano controle de desempenho e um controle externo constante. Futuras pesquisas podem identificar os traços específicos da gestão estratégica de custos em ONGs.; This paper identifies the possible implications of the predominant organizational configurations - in Mintzberg' view - for strategic cost management in non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) in the state of São Paulo. We depart from the premise that...