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Relato da pesquisa científica de oftalmologia: o emprego de terminologias greco-latinas; Scientific report in ophthalmology: the use of Greek and Latin words

TEMPORINI, Edmea Rita; CARANI, José Carlos Eudes
Fonte: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia Publicador: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
A pesquisa de conhecimentos no campo da oftalmologia constitui processo dinâmico que requer divulgação, em especial por meio de relatos escritos. A redação científica vale-se da terminologia greco-latina. Discutem-se aspectos referentes à clareza, objetividade e precisão da escrita e oferece-se glossário sucinto desses termos aplicados a textos científicos.; Scientific research in ophthalmology is a dynamic process usually delivered by means of written reports. Greek and Latin words are commonly used in scientific writing. This paper points out some issues related to the clarity, objectivity and precision of writing and offers a short glossary of terms from Greek and Latin languages which are commonly used in scientific writing.

Conduta leiga e assistência médica em pacientes do Pronto-Socorro de Oftalmologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo; Non-medical conduct and medical assistance in patients assisted in the Ophthalmology Emergency Room at Clinics Hospital of the University of Sao Paulo School of Medicine

Carvalho, Regina de Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/08/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
Foi realizado um survey transversal, descritivo e analítico em amostra não-probabilística, prontamente acessível, de tamanho 561, formada por pacientes que procuraram o Pronto-Socorro de Oftalmologia do Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo numa semana considerada típica de atendimento.Os dados foram obtidos através da ficha administrativa e aplicação de questionário semi-estruturado, realizado por meio de entrevistas. O questionário também constava de entrevista com o médico que fez o atendimento. O estudo teve como objetivos, em relação a usuários do pronto-socorro: descrever características sócio-demográficas, razões da procura e da escolha de unidade hospitalar, verificar conhecimentos e condutas referentes a causas e tratamentos do agravo ocular; verificar a adoção de tratamentos oculares prévios ao atendimento, identificar fontes de orientação na adoção de tratamentos, verificar causas de demora na procura de tratamento, identificar percepções sobre diagnóstico e tratamento prescrito. Em relação à instituição: determinar a proporção de atendimentos oculares de urgência e não urgência; disponibilizar informações para subsidiar intervenções educativas e assistenciais de saúde ocular. A análise estatística foi realizada com o uso do programa Stata (versão 9.0). Entre os resultados...

Tele-oftalmologia em atenção primária; Tele-ophthalmology in primary care

Taleb, Alexandre Chater
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
Introdução: As maiores causas mundiais de cegueira são preveníveis ou tratáveis. Mais de metade dos casos são devido a catarata ou erros de refração não corrigidos. Passo fundamental para a identificação precoce destas alterações, a triagem de acuidade visual pode ser feita por trabalhadores da saúde e educação habilitados para tal. A capacitação destas pessoas peca pela ausência de profissionais habilitados e disponíveis em número suficiente para esta tarefa. A possibilidade de aplicação de método eficaz de capacitação à distância por telemedicina pode ajudar o Brasil a alcançar as metas da OMS para o ano 2020. Métodos: Elaborou-se uma estratégia de educação à distância para trabalhadores de Equipes de Saúde da Família (ESF), por telemedicina, para o desenvolvimento de habilidade prática em área específica da saúde, aqui aplicada em oftalmologia. Aplicou-se a metodologia desenvolvida para a criação de um Instrumento Interativo de Capacitação em Triagem de Acuidade Visual (IICTAV). Baseado em objetos de aprendizagem sistematizados (em iconografia 3D e vídeos contextualizados) criados especificamente para este fim, associados a um simulador de casos, o IICTAV foi aplicado a trabalhadores da saúde de ESFs de todo o Brasil. Elaborou-se questionários para a avaliação da retenção de ganho de informação e da transformação desta informação em conhecimento...

Appraisal of the retention of the knowledge for ophthalmology specialists of the Brazilian Ophthalmology Council

Limeira-Soares,Paulo Henrique; Lira,Rodrigo Pessoa Cavalcanti; Paccola,Marcelo; Arieta,Carlos Eduardo Leite
Fonte: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia Publicador: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
PURPOSE: To determine the retention of knowledge along the years after certification of physicians as ophthalmology specialists. METHODS: The physicians, former ophthalmology residents, were selected at the Department of Ophthalmology, State University of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, and randomly allocated to three groups of seven individuals, according to the time as specialists. Group 1 consisted of one-year specialists, group 2 of five-year specialists and group 3 of ten-year specialists. Each participant answered a test with twenty-five multiple choice randomly selected questions, based on the national certificate tests applied by the Brazilian Ophthalmology Council between 1994 and 2003. Each question scored four points. RESULTS: The mean age of groups 1, 2 and 3 was 27, 30 and 36 years, respectively. A preponderance of males was found in all groups. Group 1 achieved the highest score, average of 88, group 2 achieved 77, and group 3 achieved the lowest, average of 64 (p<0,05). CONCLUSION: Loss of knowledge retention amongst specialists of the Brazilian Ophthalmology Council, has been observed along the years after the certification.

Comparative study of scientific publications in Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay (1995-2004)

Ragghianti,Carla P.; Martínez,Rosa; Martins,Jorge; Gallo,Juan E.
Fonte: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia Publicador: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
PURPOSE: The study aimed to measure the scientific production in Ophthalmology and Vision (O&V) in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay over a period of 10 years (1995-2004), in order to find out temporal evolution and variations in this field of research. METHODS: PubMed / Medline was used to retrieve records on O&V research literature. The search strategy included keywords, country in the affiliation field and publication date. Data were extracted from each citation and recorded in a spreadsheet. Subsequent analysis focused on type and main topic of publication, journals where articles had been published, and evolution of research done on animals and humans. RESULTS: A total of 1,216 citations were retrieved. Brazil had the largest number of authored publications with an average annual production of 82.4, followed by Argentina with 31.0, Chile 6.4, Uruguay 1.6, and Paraguay 0.2. The ratio of articles on O&V relative to publications involving Health Science ranged from 1.0 to 2.3. The frequency of publications almost tripled from 1995 to 2004. Research on humans showed a significant increase in Argentina and Brazil. CONCLUSIONS: Results provide initial benchmarks on O&V publication rates in countries in South America that may be useful to follow research trends.

Clinical trials in Brazilian journals of ophthalmology: where we are

Lira,Rodrigo Pessoa Cavalcanti; Leal,Franz Schubert; Gonçalves,Fauze Abdulmassih; Amorim,Fernando Henrique Ramos; Felix,João Paulo Fernandes; Arieta,Carlos Eduardo Leite
Fonte: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia Publicador: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.86%
PURPOSE: To compare clinical trials published in Brazilian journals of ophthalmology and in foreign journals of ophthalmology with respect to the number of citations and the quality of reporting [by applying the Consolidated Standards for Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement writing standards]. METHODS: The sample of this systematic review comprised the two Brazilian journals of ophthalmology indexed at Science Citation Index Expanded and six of the foreign journals of ophthalmology with highest Impact Factor® according ISI. All clinical trials (CTs) published from January 2009 to December 2010 at the Brazilians journals and a 1:1 randomized sample of the foreign journals were included. The primary outcome was the number of citations through the end of 2011. Subgroup analysis included language. The secondary outcome included likelihood of citation (cited at least once versus no citation), and presence or absence of CONSORT statement indicators. RESULTS: The citation counts were statistically significantly higher (P<0.001) in the Foreign Group (10.50) compared with the Brazilian Group (0.45). The likelihood citation was statistically significantly higher (P<0.001) in the Foreign Group (20/20 - 100%) compared with the Brazilian Group (8/20 - 40%). The subgroup analysis of the language influence in Brazilian articles showed that the citation counts were statistically significantly higher in the papers published in English (P<0.04). Of 37 possible CONSORT items...

Influence of English language in the number of citations of articles published in Brazilian journals of Ophthalmology

Lira,Rodrigo Pessoa Cavalcanti; Vieira,Rafael Marsicano Cezar; Gonçalves,Fauze Abdulmassih; Ferreira,Maria Carolina Alves; Maziero,Diana; Passos,Thais Helena Moreira; Arieta,Carlos Eduardo Leite
Fonte: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia Publicador: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.72%
PURPOSE: To determine the association between language and number of citations of ophthalmology articles published in Brazilian journals. METHODS: This study was a systematic review. Original articles were identified by review of documents published at the two Brazilian ophthalmology journals indexed at Science Citation Index Expanded - SCIE ["Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia (ABO)" and "Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia (RBO)"]. All document types ("articles" and "reviews") listed at SCIE in English (English Group) or in Portuguese (Portuguese Group) from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2009 were included, except: "editorial materials"; "corrections"; "letters"; and "biographical items". The primary outcome was the number of citations through the end of second year after publication date. Subgroup analysis included likelihood of citation (cited at least once versus no citation), journal, and year of publication. RESULTS: The search at the web of science revealed 382 articles [107 (28%) in the English Group and 275 (72%) in the Portuguese Group]. Of those, 297 (77.7%) were published at the ABO and 85 (23.3%) at the RBO. The citation counts were statistically significantly higher (P<0.001) in the English Group (1.51 - SD 1.98 - range 0 to 11) compared with the Portuguese Group (0.57 - SD 1.06 - range 0 to 7). The likelihood citation was statistically significant higher (P<0.001) in the English Group (70/107 - 65.4%) compared with the Portuguese Group (89/275 - 32.7%). There were more articles published in English at the ABO (98/297 - 32.9%) than at the RBO (9/85 - 10.6%) [P<0.001]. There were no significant difference (P=0.967) at the proportion of articles published in English at the years 2008 (48/172 - 27.9%) and 2009 (59/210 - 28.1%). CONCLUSION: The number of citations of articles published in Portuguese at Brazilian ophthalmology journals is lower than the published in English. The results of this study suggest that the editorial boards should strongly encourage the authors to adopt English as the main language in their future articles.

Experience with an internet-based course for ophthalmology residents

Carvalho,Keila Monteiro de; Iyeyasu,Josie Naomi; Castro,Stella Maris da Costa e; Monteiro,Gelse Beatriz Martins; Zimmermann,Anita
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Educação Médica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Educação Médica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
OBJECTIVE: To describe the first experience of an Internet-based course for ophthalmology residents. METHOD: Twenty-three residents were invited to participate in the study; however, only 13 (56.52%) took part, performing the proposed activities and answering a questionnaire. RESULTS: Of the 13 participants, only five (38.46%) completed 100% of the tasks, three (23.07%) completed between 70 and 90%, two (15.38%) completed between 50 and 60% and three (23.07%) completed less than 10% of the tasks. Regarding the use of computers and the Internet in general, all the participants reported using the Internet daily. All of them also affirmed they use the internet to study or to conduct research. CONCLUSION: Despite the advantages of the Internet, medical residents are still very reluctant to its use. Considering the context of information and communication technologies, there is a pressing need to reformulate continuing medical education in order to meet the demand of this new developing world.

Primary care and ophthalmology in the United Kingdom

Riad, S F; Dart, J K G; Cooling, R J
Fonte: Copyright 2003 British Journal of Ophthalmology Publicador: Copyright 2003 British Journal of Ophthalmology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.64%
The National Health Service is now primary care led. There are different definitions for primary care and in this review they are analysed and related to ophthalmology to produce a working definition for ophthalmic primary care, summarised as the provision of first contact care for all ophthalmic conditions and follow up, preventive, and rehabilitative care of selected ophthalmic conditions, in a variety of settings, by a diverse workforce. The attributes of primary care are first contact, accessibility, continuity, longitudinality, comprehensiveness, coordination, equity, and accountability. The delivery of ophthalmic primary care should be governed by these and evaluated accordingly. The clinical content of primary care consists of the first presentation of disease, the management of minor illness and trauma, the recurrence of disease, the follow up and support of some chronic conditions, and the delivery of preventive health care. Planning for ophthalmic primary care needs to take service requirements of these categories of disease into account. Primary care research is abundant in ophthalmology but needs to be more structured and targeted. Ophthalmic primary care itself is urgently in need of recognition and formal adoption by the profession.

Is ophthalmology evidence based? A clinical audit of the emergency unit of a regional eye hospital

Lai, T Y Y; Wong, V W Y; Leung, G M
Fonte: Copyright 2003 British Journal of Ophthalmology Publicador: Copyright 2003 British Journal of Ophthalmology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
Aim: To evaluate the proportion of interventions that are evidence based in the acute care unit of a regional eye hospital.

Predictive DNA testing in ophthalmology: View 1

Héon, E
Fonte: Copyright 2003 British Journal of Ophthalmology Publicador: Copyright 2003 British Journal of Ophthalmology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%

Predictive DNA testing in ophthalmology

Mackey, D A; Héon, E; Webster, A R
Fonte: Copyright 2003 British Journal of Ophthalmology Publicador: Copyright 2003 British Journal of Ophthalmology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%

Predictive DNA testing in ophthalmology: View 2

Webster, A R
Fonte: Copyright 2003 British Journal of Ophthalmology Publicador: Copyright 2003 British Journal of Ophthalmology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%

The impact of the Health Technology Board for Scotland’s grading model on referrals to ophthalmology services

Philip, S; Cowie, L M; Olson, J A
Fonte: Copyright 2005 British Journal of Ophthalmology Publicador: Copyright 2005 British Journal of Ophthalmology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
Aim: To ascertain the impact of the Health Technology Board for Scotland’s grading model on referrals to ophthalmology services.

Neuro-ophthalmology as a career

Spitze, Arielle; Al-Zubidi, Nagham; Lam, Peter; Yalamanchili, Sushma; Lee, Andrew G
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
This essay was written to discuss the reasoning behind the personal decisions made by 2 current neuro-ophthalmology fellows to pursue neuro-ophthalmology as a career. It is meant to enlighten the reader about what role neuro-ophthalmologists play in clinical practice, what makes neuro-ophthalmology unique to all other sub-specialties, and how this contributes to making neuro-ophthalmology not only one of the most medically interesting, yet rewarding sub-specialties in ophthalmology.

Improved student learning in ophthalmology with computer-aided instruction

Devitt, P.; Smith, J.; Palmer, E.
Fonte: Royal Coll Ophthalmologists Publicador: Royal Coll Ophthalmologists
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.64%
PURPOSE: Recent changes in the medical school curriculum and in teaching styles have stimulated the development of novel learning resources. We investigated the impact of computer-aided learning in the field of ophthalmology at a large Australian undergraduate medical school. METHODS: Clinical case studies describing common ophthalmic conditions were incorporated into a computing program which uses a problem-solving format. The program was made available to 85 medical students for a 2 week period. A control group of 20 medical students did not have access to this material. Acquisition of new knowledge was assessed as the improvement in score on a knowledge-based multiple-choice examination which students took both before and following the learning interval. RESULTS: Students in the control group showed no improvement over the test period, whilst the students who had access to the computer significantly increased their knowledge base, both for material provided on the program (p = 0.0001) and in related areas (p = 0.0015). CONCLUSIONS: Suitably constructed material on the computer is a useful aid in teaching ophthalmology to medical undergraduates. The material and the medium may also act as a stimulus for further learning.; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11702976; P. Devitt...

Malingering or simulation in ophthalmology-visual acuity

Incesu, Ali Ihsan; Sobacı, Güngör
Fonte: International Journal of Ophthalmology Press Publicador: International Journal of Ophthalmology Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 18/10/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.64%
Simulation can be defined as malingering, or sometimes functional visual loss (FVL). It manifests as either simulating an ophthalmic disease (positive simulation), or denial of ophthalmic disease (negative simulation). Conscious behavior and compensation or indemnity claims are prominent features of simulation. Since some authors suggest that this is a manifestation of underlying psychopathology, even conversion is included in this context. In today's world, every ophthalmologist can face with simulation of ophthalmic disease or disorder. In case of simulation suspect, the physician's responsibility is to prove the simulation considering the disease/disorder first, and simulation as an exclusion. In simulation examinations, the physician should be firm and smart to select appropriate test(s) to convince not only the subject, but also the judge in case of indemnity or compensation trials. Almost all ophthalmic sensory and motor functions including visual acuity, visual field, color vision and night vision can be the subject of simulation. Examiner must be skillful in selecting the most appropriate test. Apart from those in the literature, we included all kinds of simulation in ophthalmology. In addition, simulation examination techniques...

Tests for malingering in ophthalmology

Incesu, Ali Ihsan
Fonte: International Journal of Ophthalmology Press Publicador: International Journal of Ophthalmology Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 18/10/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.64%
Simulation can be defined as malingering, or sometimes functional visual loss (FVL). It manifests as either simulating an ophthalmic disease (positive simulation), or denial of ophthalmic disease (negative simulation). Conscious behavior and compensation or indemnity claims are prominent features of simulation. Since some authors suggest that this is a manifestation of underlying psychopathology, even conversion is included in this context. In today's world, every ophthalmologist can face with simulation of ophthalmic disease or disorder. In case of simulation suspect, the physician's responsibility is to prove the simulation considering the disease/disorder first, and simulation as an exclusion. In simulation examinations, the physician should be firm and smart to select appropriate test(s) to convince not only the subject, but also the judge in case of indemnity or compensation trials. Almost all ophthalmic sensory and motor functions including visual acuity, visual field, color vision and night vision can be the subject of simulation. Examiner must be skillful in selecting the most appropriate test. Apart from those in the literature, we included all kinds of simulation in ophthalmology. In addition, simulation examination techniques...

BAIXA VISÃO E REABILITAÇÃO: CONHECIMENTOS DE RESIDENTES DE OFTALMOLOGIA; LOW VISION AND REHABILITATION: KNOWLEDGE OF OPHTHALMOLOGY RESIDENTES

Nobre, Maria Inês Rubo de Souza; Temporini, Edméa Rita; Montilha, Rita de Cássia Ietto; Gasparetto, Maria Elisabete Rodrigues Freire; Kara-José, Newton
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2006 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.64%
Objetivo: Verificar conhecimentos de residentes de oftalmologia sobre baixa visão e reabilitação em um hospital universitário. Métodos: Realizou-se estudo exploratório, aplicando-se questionário sobre deficiência visual (baixa visão e cegueira), e serviços de reabilitação de deficientes visuais à amostra não probabilística formada por residentes de Oftalmologia. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 20 residentes que cursavam 1o ano (45,0%), 2o ano (30,0%) e 3o ano (25,0%); todos já haviam participado de curso teórico sobre baixa visão. A maioria revelou conhecimentos a respeito de afecções oculares que podem causar deficiência visual como: catarata, retinopatias e neuropatias (100,0%), glaucoma, toxoplasmose e retinose pigmentar (95,0%). Em relação à reabilitação, 100,0% declararam ter recebido informações na residência médica. A maioria da amostra referiu conhecimento, à respeito das atividades de reabilitação sendo as mais citadas atividades de vida diária (100,0%), locomoção (90,0%). Conclusão: Embora os residentes tenham declarado ter conhecimento sobre a deficiência visual e preparo teórico sobre a reabilitação, informaram deter conhecimento insuficiente em relação a algumas dessas atividades.   ; Design of the study: Observational/exploratory. Objective: To check the knowledge of ophthalmology residents on low vision and rehabilitation practices in a university hospital. Methods: An exploratory study was conducted...

A oftalmologia no tribunal: avaliação das sentenças judiciais no âmbito do Tribunal de Justiça do Estado de São Paulo; Ophthalmology in Court: evaluation of sentences according to The Justice Court of Sao Paulo - Brazil

Yamauti, Karen; Zerbini, Talita
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ART.; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/12/2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.64%
Ophthalmology is a medical specialty that involves clinical and surgical treatment for a broad spectrum of pathologies, and it is at risk of being subjected to legal proceedings of various kinds. These lawsuits against ophthalmologists and medical organizations range from complaints about prescription glasses to the results of complex surgical procedures. The aim of this study was to assess the lawsuits related to medical error in the ophthalmology field judged on appeal by the Justice Court of São Paulo, Brazil (TJ-SP) through an online data search of second instances of sentences available between 01/01/1997 and 09/30/2014, using the terms “ophthalmologist” and “medical error”. The result was a total of 100 cases, 55 of which were included in the study of interest. All lawsuits had the charge of malpractice; 91%, involving surgical procedures. In 61.8% of the judgments, the complainant alleged blindness and 23.6% aesthetic damage. In most cases, there was a forensic exam, and the judge’s decision was based on the forensic exam report 86% of the time. Regarding the results of court decisions, 81.8% of applications were rejected on appeal, 9.1% were granted and 9.1% were granted partially. The data presented showed, among other finding; A oftalmologia envolve tratamentos clínicos e cirúrgicos com um amplo espectro de patologias...