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Desenvolvimento morfológico dos ovários em fetos eqüinos sem raça definida; Morphological development of ovaries in fetuses of cross-breed equines

NAVES, Christiana Savastano; VIEIRA, Rogério Chaves; DINIZ, Elmo Gomes; JACOMINI, José Octávio; BELLETI, Marcelo Emílio; OLIVEIRA, Rafael Carvalho de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.52%
O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar histologicamente o desenvolvimento ovariano pré-natal em fetos eqüinos sem raça definida (SRD) nos trópicos, ressaltando surgimento e quantificação de ovogônias e folículos. Foram obtidos 131 fetos em frigorífico, os quais foram mensurados quanto ao comprimento (cm) equivalente à distância cefalococcígea (CR), seguido de corte das gônadas e fixação das amostras em Bouin por 24 horas. As idades foram estimadas por regressão. Foram preparados cortes histológicos ovarianos de 7µm de espessura, os quais foram corados com hematoxilina-eosina. O surgimento de ovogônias, folículos primordiais, em crescimento e antrais foi verificado, respectivamente, em fetos com CR entre 4,1 e 6,5cm (40 a 49 dias de gestação (DG)); 9,1 e 12,0cm (60 a 69 DG); 23,1 e 29,0cm (116 a 135 DG) e 50,1 e 65,0cm (201 a 245 DG). A quantidade máxima de ovogônias, folículos primordiais, em crescimento e antrais foi observada em fetos com CR entre, 4,1 e 6,0cm (40 a 49 DG); 16,1 e 23,0cm (90 a 115 DG); 29,1 e 36,0cm (136 a 155 DG) e 50,1 e 97,0cm (201 a 320 DG), respectivamente. Os resultados sugerem que o desenvolvimento morfológico dos ovários fetais de eqüinos SRD nos trópicos é mais precoce que o observado nos relatos de literatura referentes a estudos de eqüinos de diversas raças em regiões temperadas.; This research research was aimed at histologically characterizing the pre-natal ovarian development of cross-breed equine fetuses in the tropics...

Ultrastructural aspects of oogenesis and oocyte primary growth in Serrasalmus spilopleura (Teleostei, Characiformes, Characidae)

Guimaraes, ACD; Quagio-Grassiotto, I
Fonte: Churchill Livingstone Publicador: Churchill Livingstone
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 241-248
ENG
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The ultrastructural characteristics of the organelles present in Serrasalmus spilopleura oogonia and oocytes undergoing primary growth were described in detail, considering its role in the nuclear and cytoplasmic metabolic processes that occur in these cell types. Even though these cells do not significantly differ from those similar to them that are found in other teleost groups, the analysis of their ultrastructure makes available new data on the reproductive biology of Characiformes. (C) 2001 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.

Germ line Cysts and the Formation of the Germinal Epithelium During the Female Gonadal Morphogenesis in Cyprinus Carpio (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Cypriniformes)

Mazzoni, Talita Sarah; Grier, Harry J.; Quagio-Grassiotto, Irani
Fonte: Wiley-liss Publicador: Wiley-liss
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 1581-1606
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.52%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); The formation of both germline cysts and the germinal epithelium is described during the ovary development in Cyprinus carpio. As in the undifferentiated gonad of mammals, cords of PGCs become oogonia when they are surrounded by somatic cells. Ovarian differentiation is triggered when oogonia proliferate and enter meiosis, becoming oocytes. Proliferation of single oogonium results in clusters of interconnected oocytes, the germline cysts, that are encompassed by somatic prefollicle cells and form cell nests. Both PGCs and cell nests are delimited by a basement membrane. Ovarian follicles originate from the germline cysts, about the time of meiotic arrest, as prefollicle cells surround oocytes, individualizing them. They synthesize a basement membrane and an oocyte forms a follicle. With the formation of the stroma, unspecialized mesenchymal cells differentiate, and encompass each follicle, forming the theca. The follicle, basement membrane, and theca constitute the follicle complex. Along the ventral region of the differentiating ovary...

Histological characterization of cellular types during Scinax fuscovarius oogenesis (Lutz) (Anura, Hylidae)

Oliveira, Classius de; Santos, Lia Raquel de Souza
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 919-923
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.52%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); O estudo apresenta algumas características histológicas das células germinativas ovarianas de Scinax fuscovarius (Lutz, 1925) após análise com colorações pelo H/E e Tricrômico de Mallory. O ovário apresenta as células germinativas primordiais, as ovogônias, as quais passam por uma citodiferenciação e, juntamente com células somáticas associadas, constitui estruturas foliculares, os folículos ovarianos, que são os ovócitos envolvidos por células foliculares. Ovogônias: formam ninhos perifericamente localizados, contendo células com núcleo grande e oval associadas com uma única célula folicular. Ovócitos I: o citoplasma é discretamente basófilo; seu núcleo é esférico e apresenta poucos nucléolos, geralmente se observa um ou dois; as células foliculares se apresentam em uma camada (epitélio pavimentoso simples) que circunda a célula germinativa em estado pré-vitelogênico. Ovócitos II: a célula é maior que a anterior e o citoplasma torna-se mais basófilo; o núcleo apresenta raros nucléolos na periferia e muitos cromossomos constituindo arranjos irregulares, é quando se inicia o estádio perinucleolar. Ovócitos III: o citoplasma adquire intensa acidofilia; a região periférica do citoplasma é preenchida por inclusões vitelínicas que ainda não ocorrem na região interna; inicia-se a síntese de pigmentos; o envoltório folicular apresenta três camadas: uma interna acelular (envoltório vitelínico) e duas camadas de células foliculares. Ovócitos IV: uma característica deste estádio é a diferenciação entre o pólo animal e o vegetal; o núcleo ou vesícula germinativa se desloca para o hemisfério animal e os pigmentos conferem uma cor marrom escura; a vitelogênese é intensa e o vitelo ocupa todo o citoplasma.; This paper describes morphological characteristics of the ovarian germinative cells of the Scinax fuscovarius (Lutz...

Activity of the Ovarian Germinal Epithelium in the Freshwater Catfish, Pimelodus maculatus (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Siluriformes): Germline Cysts, Follicle Formation and Oocyte Development

Quagio-Grassiotto, Irani; Grier, Harry; Mazzoni, Talita Sarah; Nobrega, Rafael Henrique; de Arruda Amorim, Joao Paulo
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1290-1306
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
18.01%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Distinct types of oogonia are found in the germinal epithelium that borders the ovarian lamellae of Pimelodus maculatus: A-undifferentiated, A-differentiated and B-oogonia. This is similar to the situation observed for spermatogonia in the vertebrate testis. The single A-undifferentiated oogonia divide by mitosis giving rise to A-groups of single differentiated oogonia, each enclosed by epithelial cells that are prefollicle cells. Subsequently, the single A-differentiated oogonia proliferate to generate B-oogonia that are interconnected by cytoplasmic bridges, hence, forming germline cysts. The prefollicle cells associated with them also divide. Within the germline cysts, B-oogonia enter meiosis becoming oocytes. Meiotic prophase and early folliculogenesis occur within the germline cysts. During folliculogenesis, prefollicle cells grow between the oocytes, encompassing and individualizing each of them. The intercellular bridges disappear, and the germline cysts are broken down. Next, a basement membrane begins to form around the nascent follicle...

Female germ cell renewal during the annual reproductive cycle in Ostariophysians fish

Wildner, Daniel Dantas; Grier, Harry; Quagio-Grassiotto, Irani
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 709-724
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.85%
The objective was to characterize female germ cell renewal during the annual reproductive cycle in two species of ostariophysian fish with distinct reproductive strategies: a siluriform, Pimelodus maculatus, in which oocyte development is group synchronous and the annual reproductive period is short; and a characiform, Serrasalmus maculatus, with asynchronous oocyte development and a prolonged reproductive period. These reproductive strategies result in fish determinate and indeterminate fecundity, respectively. Annual reproductive phases were determined by biometric and histologic analysis of gonads and interpreted according to new proposals for phase classification and stages of oocyte development (with special attention to germinal epithelium activity). Histologically, there were two types of oogonia in the germinal epithelium: single oogonia and those in mitotic proliferation. Oogonial proliferation and their entry into meiosis resulted in formation of cell nests (clusters of cells in the ovarian lamellae). Morphometric analysis was used to estimate germ cell renewal. Based on numbers of single oogonia in the lamellar epithelium, and nests with proliferating oogonia or early prophase oocytes throughout the annual reproductive cycle...

Foliculogênese e caracterização celular das classes reprodutivas em Pimelodus maculatus (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae)

Amorim, João Paulo de Arruda
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 101 f.
POR
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Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Pós-graduação em Ciências Biológicas (Zoologia) - IBB; Nas fêmeas dos Teleostei a produção ilimitada de oócitos deve-se à constante proliferação das oogônias situadas no epitélio germinativo das lamelas ovígeras. Ao entrarem em meiose dão origem aos oócitos que são envoltos por uma camada de células foliculares, formando os folículos. No interior dos folículos, os oócitos passam por diferentes estágios de desenvolvimento (crescimento primário e secundário/vitelogênese, e maturação) ao final dos quais estão prontos para a desova. Os folículos pós-ovulatórios regridem e os óocitos que não tiveram sucesso na ovulação entram em atresia. A compreensão de como ocorre a foliculogênese nos Teleostei é recente e as descrições existentes referem-se aos grupos mais derivados. Por outro lado, os diferentes estágios de desenvolvimento dos oócitos, numa nova visão, vêm sendo utilizados na descrição de diferentes classes reprodutivas, ao longo do processo de maturação gonadal que ocorre a cada ano. Para testar a aplicabilidade desses novos conceitos aos Teleostei mais basais, analisou-se a foliculogênese e procedeu-se a caracterização celular das classes reprodutivas em Pimelodus maculatus...

Desenvolvimento morfológico dos ovários em embriões e fetos bovinos da raça Nelore

Diniz, Elmo Gomes
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 77 f. : il.
POR
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Pós-graduação em Zootecnia - FCAV; Pouco se sabe sobre os eventos morfológicos que ocorrem durante o desenvolvimento pré-natal das gônadas nas raças zebuinas. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever os eventos morfológicos relacionados ao desenvolvimento pré-natal da gônada, incluindo a sua formação, identificação de células germinativas primordiais, surgimento de oogônios, oócitos e folículos em embriões e fetos da raça Nelore. Oitenta e um embriões e fetos bovinos, com idade variando de 26 a 240 dias após fecundação, foram coletados em frigoríficos. A idade dos fetos foi estimada a partir de medidas tomadas no sentido crânio-caudal e aplicadas à fórmula proposta por Rexroad et. al. (1974). O sexo foi identificado a partir de observações macroscópicas e usando a técnica do PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) somente quando as diferenças sexuais morfológicas não foram evidentes. Para histologia, as gônadas foram fixadas em líquido de Bouin por 24 horas. Após processamento histológico, cortes de tecido de 5mm, foram corados com hematoxilina-eosina. Os resultados mostraram que a crista gonádica se formou a partir de 29 dias após fecundação. No 34º dia, células germinativas primordiais foram identificadas. As oogônias surgiram em grande quantidade entre 50 e 100 dias e seu número reduziu drasticamente...

Expression of fibroblast growth factor 10 and cognate receptors in the developing bovine ovary

Castilho, A. C. S.; Bueno da Silva, R.; Price, C. A.; Machado, M. F.; Amorim, R. L.; Buratini, J.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1268-1274
ENG
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Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); In the mammalian ovary, FGF10 is expressed in oocytes and theca cells and is a candidate for paracrine signaling to the developing granulosa cells. To gain insight into the participation of FGF10 in the regulation of fetal folliculogenesis, we assessed mRNA expression patterns of FGF10 and its receptors, FGFR1B and FGFR2B, in relation to fetal follicle dynamics and localized FGF10 protein in bovine fetal ovaries at different ages. Primordial, primary, secondary, and antral follicles were first observed on Days 75, 90, 150, and 210 of gestation, respectively. The levels of GDF9 and BMP15 mRNA, markers for primordial and primary follicles, respectively, increased during fetal ovary development in a consistent manner with fetal follicle dynamics. CYP17A1 mRNA abundance increased from Day 60 to Day 75 and then from Day 120 to Day 150, coinciding with the appearance of secondary follicles. FGF10 mRNA abundance increased from Day 90, and this increase was temporally associated with increases in FGFR1B mRNA abundance and in the population of primary follicles. In contrast, FGFR2B mRNA expression was highest on Day 60 and decreased thereafter. FGF10 protein was localized to oogonia and oocytes and surrounding granulosa cells at all fetal ages. The present data suggest a role for FGF10 in the control of fetal folliculogenesis in cattle. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier Inc.

Formação do epitelio germinativo durante a morfogenese e diferenciação gonodal em Cyprinus carpio (Teleostei:Cypriniformes) : analise estrutural e ultraestrutural das celulas germinativas e somaticas; Formation of germinal epithelium during gonodal morphogenesis and differentiation in Cyprinus carpio (Teleostei:Cypriniformes) : a structural and ultrastructural analysis of the germ and somatic cells

Talita Sarah Mazzoni
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/08/2009 PT
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Numa nova visão da morfogênese gonadal, sua descrição em Cyprinus carpio, mostra como a proliferação e diferenciação de células germinativas e somáticas a partir do primórdio gonadal levam à formação das diferentes estruturas ovarianas e testiculares e à constituição do epitélio germinativo que margeia as lamelas ovígeras e os túbulos testiculares. Em C. carpio, o primórdio gonadal é formado por células germinativas primordiais (CGPs) rodeadas por células somáticas. Após sucessivas divisões mitóticas das células somáticas, o tecido gonadal aumenta em comprimento e espessura. As CGPs isoladas entre células somáticas se dividem mitoticamente formando grupos de células germinativas, que se organizam em cordões contínuos, os quais são invadidos por células somáticas, levando à uma reorganização estrutural e diferenciação gonadal. Nas gônadas femininas, as oogônias são envolvidas por expansões citoplasmáticas das agora células pré-foliculares, formando cistos, delimitados por uma membrana basal em formação. Cada oogônia divide-se por mitose, formando novas oogônias ou entra em meiose originando os oócitos. Com a entrada e permanência em diplóteno, os oócitos, ainda no interior dos cistos...

Dinâmica de renovação da células germinativas femininas em duas espécies de ostariophysi com diferentes ciclos reprodutivos : serrasalmus maculatus (characiformes) e pimelodus maculatus (siluriformes); Dynamics of female germ cell renew in two species of otariophysi with different reproductive cycles : serrasalmus maculatus (characiformes) and pimelodus maculatus (siluriformes)

Daniel Dantas Wildner
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/02/2012 PT
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Na maioria dos Teleostei o desenvolvimento gonadal é periódico e acompanha as estações reprodutivas anuais. Ao longo da vida reprodutiva feminina a renovação das células germinativas é constante e responde pela produção ilimitada dos folículos ovarianos. Aqui a dinâmica de renovação das células germinativas femininas, que resulta na formação dos folículos ovarianos, foi estudada em duas diferentes espécies de Ostariophysi com distintos comportamentos reprodutivos: o Serrasalmus maculatus (Characiformes) e o Pimelodus maculatus (Siluriformes). O estudo teve por base dados biométricos, morfométricos e a análise histológica das gônadas, interpretado segundo novas propostas de classificação dos estágios do desenvolvimento oocitário e das fases do ciclo reprodutivo. Adicionalmente, a formação dos folículos ovarianos a partir das oogônias isoladas presentes no epitélio das lamelas, sua proliferação formando ninhos e entrada em meiose dando origem aos oócitos, é descrita tendo como modelo S. maculatus. Os estágios do desenvolvimento oocitário são caracterizados para ambas as espécies. S. maculatus com período reprodutivo longo compreendido principalmente entre os meses de inverno e primavera (hemisfério sul)...

Histological characterization of cellular types during Scinax fuscovarius oogenesis (Lutz) (Anura, Hylidae)

Oliveira,Classius de; Santos,Lia Raquel de Souza
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.52%
This paper describes morphological characteristics of the ovarian germinative cells of the Scinax fuscovarius (Lutz, 1925). The ovary is organized in primordial germinative cells (oogonia) and follicular structures (ovarian follicle) - oocytes surrounded by follicular cells. Oogonia: their nests are peripherically localized, containing cells with large and oval nucleus. Oocytes I: basophilic cytoplasm; the spherical nucleus presents few nucleoli, one or two; the follicular cells (one tenuous layer) surround these previtellogenic cells. Oocytes II: the cell is larger and the cytoplasm becomes more basophilic; the nucleus presents few nucleoli and contains many chromosomes in the periphery (beginning the perinucleolar stage). Oocytes III: the cytoplasm acquires an intense acidophilia; the peripherical region of cytoplasm is filled with yolk and the internal region has no yolk at all; pigment synthesis begins; the follicular envelope presents three tenuous layers: an inner acellular (vitelline envelope) and two cellular layers (follicle cells). Oocytes IV: a characteristic of this stage is the differentiation between the animal and the vegetal poles; the nucleus in the animal hemisphere and the pigments give the oocyte a color dark brown; the vitellogenesis is intense and the yolk occupies the whole cytoplasm.

Two progenitor cells for human oogonia inferred from pedigree data and the X-inactivation imprinting model of the fragile-X syndrome.

Laird, C D; Lamb, M M; Thorne, J L
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1990 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.2%
Laird has proposed that the human fragile-X syndrome is caused by abnormal chromosome imprinting. The analysis presented here supports and extends this proposal. Using published pedigrees that include DNA polymorphism (RFLP) data, we establish that the states of the fragile-X mutation termed "imprinted" and "nonimprinted" usually can be distinguished by the level of cytogenetic expression of the fragile-X chromosome. This information is then used to assess the state of the fragile-X allele in carrier progeny of individual women who inherited a nonimprinted fragile-X chromosome. From this assessment, an estimate is made of the frequency, in individual women, of primary oocytes with an imprinted fragile-X chromosome. The results of this analysis provide additional support for the specific model in which chromosome imprinting occurs in a female in, on average, half of her primary oocytes. This is the expected frequency if X-chromosome inactivation is the initial step in the imprinting of the mutant fragile-X allele. Moreover, this analysis suggests a biological explanation for peculiarities of fragile-X inheritance described by others as "clustering" and the "Sherman paradox." We interpret these peculiarities as consequences of a very small number of oogonial progenitor cells. Two progenitor cells for oogonia is the best integer estimate of the number of such cells at the time of the initial event that leads to chromosome imprinting.

Peronosporomycetes (Oomycota) from a Middle Permian Permineralised Peat within the Bainmedart Coal Measures, Prince Charles Mountains, Antarctica

Slater, Ben J.; McLoughlin, Stephen; Hilton, Jason
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/08/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.71%
The fossil record of Peronosporomycetes (water moulds) is rather sparse, though their distinctive ornamentation means they are probably better reported than some true fungal groups. Here we describe a rare Palaeozoic occurrence of this group from a Guadalupian (Middle Permian) silicified peat deposit in the Bainmedart Coal Measures, Prince Charles Mountains, Antarctica. Specimens are numerous and comprise two morphologically distinct kinds of ornamented oogonia, of which some are attached to hyphae by a septum. Combresomyces caespitosus sp. nov. consists of spherical oogonia bearing densely spaced, long, hollow, slender, conical papillae with multiple sharply pointed, strongly divergent, apical branches that commonly form a pseudoreticulate pattern under optical microscopy. The oogonia are attached to a parental hypha by a short truncated stalk with a single septum. Combresomyces rarus sp. nov. consists of spherical oogonia bearing widely spaced, hollow, broad, conical papillae that terminate in a single bifurcation producing a pair of acutely divergent sharply pointed branches. The oogonium bears a short truncate extension where it attaches to the parental hypha. We propose that similarities in oogonium shape, size, spine morphology and hyphal attachment between the Permian forms from the Prince Charles Mountains and other reported Peronosporomycetes from Devonian to Triassic strata at widely separated localities elsewhere in the world delimit an extinct but once cosmopolitan Palaeozoic to early Mesozoic branch of the peronosporomycete clade. We name this order Combresomycetales and note that it played an important role in late Palaeozoic and early Mesozoic peatland ecosystems worldwide.

The neonatal marmoset monkey ovary is very primitive exhibiting many oogonia

Fereydouni, B; Drummer, C; Aeckerle, N; Schlatt, S; Behr, R
Fonte: Bioscientifica Ltd Publicador: Bioscientifica Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
28.01%
Oogonia are characterized by diploidy and mitotic proliferation. Human and mouse oogonia express several factors such as OCT4, which are characteristic of pluripotent cells. In human, almost all oogonia enter meiosis between weeks 9 and 22 of prenatal development or undergo mitotic arrest and subsequent elimination from the ovary. As a consequence, neonatal human ovaries generally lack oogonia. The same was found in neonatal ovaries of the rhesus monkey, a representative of the old world monkeys (Catarrhini). By contrast, proliferating oogonia were found in adult prosimians (now called Strepsirrhini), which is a group of ‘lower’ primates. The common marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus) belongs to the new world monkeys (Platyrrhini) and is increasingly used in reproductive biology and stem cell research. However, ovarian development in the marmoset monkey has not been widely investigated. Herein, we show that the neonatal marmoset ovary has an extremely immature histological appearance compared with the human ovary. It contains numerous oogonia expressing the pluripotency factors OCT4A, SALL4, and LIN28A (LIN28). The pluripotency factor-positive germ cells also express the proliferation marker MKI67 (Ki-67), which has previously been shown in the human ovary to be restricted to premeiotic germ cells. Together...

Phytophthora ×stagnum nothosp. nov., a New Hybrid from Irrigation Reservoirs at Ornamental Plant Nurseries in Virginia

Yang, Xiao; Richardson, Patricia A.; Hong, Chuanxue
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 29/07/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.52%
A novel Phytophthora species was frequently recovered from irrigation reservoirs at several ornamental plant production facilities in eastern Virginia. Initial sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of this species generated unreadable sequences due to continual polymorphic positions. Cloning and sequencing the ITS region as well as sequencing the mitochondrially encoded cytochrome c oxidase 1 and beta-tubulin genes revealed that it is a hybrid between P. taxon PgChlamydo as its paternal parent and an unknown species genetically close to P. mississippiae as its maternal parent. This hybrid has some diagnostic morphological features of P. taxon PgChlamydo and P. mississippiae. It produces catenulate hyphal swellings, characteristic of P. mississippiae, and chlamydospores, typical of P. taxon PgChlamydo. It also produces both ornamented and relatively smooth-walled oogonia. Ornamented oogonia are another important diagnostic character of P. mississippiae. The relatively smooth-walled oogonia may be indicative of oogonial character of P. taxon PgChlamydo. The new hybrid is described here as Phytophthora ×stagnum.

Microfossil evidence for salinity events in the Holocene Coorong Lagoon, South Australia

Lower, C.; Cann, J.; Haynes, D.
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Ltd. Publicador: Taylor & Francis Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Nearly 6 m of uncompacted muddy sediment was recovered from the floor of the northern Coorong Lagoon in the core Coorong #5. Radiocarbon analyses of molluscan shells indicate that sedimentation at the core site commenced before 6830 _ 90 yr cal BP, and the presence of Pinus pollen confirms a modern age for the uppermost 0.5 m. Microfossils extracted from the core sediment samples, 2 cm slices at 10 cm intervals, included the foraminifera Ammonia sp., Elphidium excavatum and Elphidium gunteri; the ostracods Osticythere baragwanathi and Leptocythere lacustris; and charophyte oogonia. Shell fragments of the estuarine bivalve Spisula (Notospisula) trigonella in the lowermost 0.7 m of the core are evidence that these sediments were subject to some marine influence, but the absence of foraminifera and ostracods from this same interval indicates that at the core site salinity was not sufficient to support populations of these organisms. Thus, prior to 6830 _ 90 yr cal BP the Younghusband Peninsula was in place, in part isolating the northern lagoon from the Southern Ocean. The initial recorded salinity event is signified by abundant Ammonia sp. at a core depth of 5.2 m. The duration of this event was relatively brief; foraminifera were mostly absent in the immediately overlying 2 m...

Description of primordial germ cells, oogonia, oocytes and embryo-like growth in squash preparations of tissues from hem-atologica malignancies

Logothetou-Rella, H.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.07%
This study evidences the presence of primordial germ cells, in tissue squash preparations and sections from hematological malignancies. Primordial germ cells were identified by their morphology, the intense PAS, PAS-D reaction and presence of calciumactivated neutral proteinase. Primordial germ cells gave rise to nuclear vlimata. Immature oogonia exhibited a nuclear envelope and a star-shaped nuclear core, arising from acellular globose bodies impregnated by a nuclear vlima of primordial germ cell. Bone marrow tissue oogonia were PAS and PAS-D positive, identical to fungal ones. Calcium-activated neutral proteinase was demonstrated in the plasma of the acellular globose bodies, the nuclear envelope and the conglomerated primordial germ cells. Immature bone marrow oogonia progressed into mature ones, leptotene, diplotene, dictyotene and mature oocytes. Nuclear vlimata fertilized primordial germ cells, oogonia and oocytes, giving rise to round embryos at the morula and hatching morula-like stages. Embryos consisted of a zonapellucida- like cortex, composed of glycosaminoglycans, glycoproteins, protease and diffuse nuclear material, enclosing developing cells. Primordial germ cells, oogonia and embryos were also demonstrated in squash preparations of adult rat testis and sections of normal rat bone marrow tissues. The observations document that primordial germ cells are the primary stem cells which give rise to nuclear vlimata and oogonia...

Ovarian responses to undernutrition in pregnant ewes, USA

Murdoch, William J; Van Kirk, Edward A; Vonnahme, Kimberly A; Ford, Stephen P
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/02/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.52%
In most mammals oogonia proliferate by mitosis and begin meiotic development during fetal life. Previous studies indicated that there is a delay in the progression to the first stage of meiotic arrest in germ cells of female fetuses of undernourished ewes. We report that underfeeding (50% NRC requirement beginning on Day 28 of pregnancy) provokes an increase in oxidative base lesions within DNA of mid-gestational (Day 78) fetal oogonia; this condition was associated with up-regulation of the tumor suppressor/cell-cycle arrest modulator p53, antiapoptotic factor Bcl-2, and base-excision repair polymerase β. Fetal ovarian weights and germ cell concentrations were not altered by nutrient deprivation. Ovaries of ewes on control diets (100% NRC) contained more tertiary follicles than their restricted counterparts; however, peripheral venous estradiol-17β was not different between groups. There was no effect of treatment on p53 accumulation in maternal oocytes. Luteal structure-function was not perturbed by undernutrition. No fetal losses were attributed to the dietary restriction. It is proposed that DNA of interphase fetal oogonia is vulnerable to oxidative insults perpetrated by a nutritional stress to the dam, and that multiple/integrated adaptive molecular response mechanisms of cell-cycle inhibition (providing the time required for base repairs) and survival hence sustain the genomic integrity and population stability of the germline.

Desenvolvimento gonadal de fetos suínos e sua relação com medidas fetais

Pontelo, Thais Preisser
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Lavras; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Veterinárias; UFLA; brasil; Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Publicador: Universidade Federal de Lavras; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Veterinárias; UFLA; brasil; Departamento de Medicina Veterinária
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em 18/12/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.85%
The objective of this work was to evaluate the histomorphometric traits of the testes and ovaries at different gestational ages, and correlate them with the length and head circumference, and thoracic perimeter. We divided by gender and gestational age 44 fetuses obtained from DB-90 pregnant gilts (DanBred). The gestational ages were of 50, 80 and 106 days. In the first and second groups, 5 males and 7 females were studied, and in the third, 5 males and 9 females. After slaughtering the gilts, the fetuses were removed, determining the head length and head and thoracic perimeters. Subsequently, the gonads were collected, weighed and subjected to histomorphometric analyses, such as cell counts and measuring the gonad structures. All gonad traits were subjected to ANOVA, statistically comparing the different gestational ages using the SNK test at 5% probability. Histomorphometric variables were correlated with fetal measurements by means of Pearson correlation. The weight of the testes increased (P<0.05) significantly during pregnancy, especially during the final third. The same occurred to the weight of the ovaries. After 106 days of gestation, the cordonal length and number of Sertoli cells increased (P<0.05) in the testes, however...