Página 1 dos resultados de 582 itens digitais encontrados em 0.012 segundos

Padrões normativos do Psicodiagnóstico de Rorschach em adolescentes de 12 a 14 anos; Normative data for the Rorschach Psychodiagnostic Test in adolescents aged 12 - 14 years

Jacquemin, Roberta Cury de Paula
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/06/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.12%
Acompanhando tendência mundial de aprimoramento dos instrumentos de avaliação psicológica, é possível observar, no contexto brasileiro, esforços de diversos pesquisadores em busca da qualidade e adequado uso dessas técnicas. Dentre os métodos pesquisados e bastante utilizados no Brasil e no mundo encontra-se o Psicodiagnóstico de Rorschach que, apesar de constituir importante técnica de avaliação da personalidade, ainda exige investigações científicas na realidade brasileira, de modo a oferecer o adequado suporte para sua utilização clínica em diferentes contextos. Dificuldades são encontradas, sobretudo, no tocante aos referenciais normativos para interpretação dos indicadores técnicos, em especial na investigação do desenvolvimento infanto-juvenil. Nesse contexto, o presente estudo objetivou elaborar padrões normativos do Método de Rorschach (Escola Francesa) em adolescentes de 12 a 14 anos de idade, de ambos os gêneros, de forma a oferecer referenciais técnicos para subsidiar processos analítico-interpretativos deste instrumento projetivo para a referida faixa etária, na realidade sociocultural contemporânea. Para tanto, avaliou-se amostra de 174 estudantes de escolas públicas e particulares da cidade de Ribeirão Preto...

Modelo MAS-SOC : integrando ambientes e organizações para simulações baseadas em sistemas multiagentes situados; MAS-SOC model: integrating environments and organisations to simulations based on situated multiagent systems

Okuyama, Fabio Yoshimitsu
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.17%
Este trabalho encontra-se situado na área de Inteligência Artificial, mais especificamente na modelagem de Sistemas Multiagentes destinados à simulação social. A área de pesquisa de simulação social baseada em agentes é uma área recente e bastante promissora. Por tratar de problemas extremamente complexos, existe a necessidade de criar modelos e abstrações para possibilitar sua realização. Dando continuidade a trabalhos anteriores, esta tese pretende consolidar uma nova versão do modelo MAS-SOC, destinado à definição de simulações sociais baseada em Sistemas Multiagentes Situados, com organizações que funcionam em ambientes determinados (organizações situadas). É proposta uma abordagem integrada, que conecta de maneira forte as entidades agentes, organizações e ambiente, sendo os agentes, o ambiente e as estruturas da organização tratadas como entidades de primeira ordem. A definição do ambiente é feita através da linguagem ELMS, estendida com uma infraestrutura normativa. Esta infraestrutura normativa é composta basicamente por objetos normativos e espaços normativos que permitem a distribuição espacial da informação normativa no ambiente, possibilitando a contextualização das normas que os agentes devem seguir em um escopo espacial determinado. A contextualização das normas facilita a sua operacionalização e a verificação de conformidade...

Identifying complications and low provider adherence to normative practices using administrative data.

Kuykendall, D H; Ashton, C M; Johnson, M L; Geraci, J M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1995 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.21%
OBJECTIVE. This study investigated whether unexpected length of stay (LOS) could be used as an indicator to identify hospital patients who experienced complications or whose care exhibited low adherence to normative practices. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SETTING. We analyzed 1,477 cases admitted for one of three medical conditions. All cases were discharged from one of nine participating Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals from October 1987 through September 1989. Analyses used administrative data and information abstracted through chart reviews that included severity of illness indicators, complications, and explicit process of care criteria reflecting adherence to normative practices. STUDY DESIGN. We developed separate multiple linear regression models for each disease using LOS as the dependent measure and variables that could be assumed present at the time of admission as explanatory variables. Unexpectedly long LOS (i.e., discharges with high residuals) was used to target complications and unexpectedly short LOS was used to target cases whose care might have exhibited low adherence to normative practices. Information gleaned from chart reviews served as the gold standard for determining actual complications and low adherence. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS. Analyses of administrative data showed that unexpectedly long LOS identified complications with sensitivities ranging from 40 through 62 percent across the three conditions. Positive predictive values all were at greater than chance levels (p < .05). This represented substantial improvement over identification of complications using ICD-9-CM codes contained in the administrative database where sensitivities were from 26 through 39 percent. Unexpectedly short LOS identified low provider adherence with sensitivities ranging from 33 through 45 percent with positive predictive values all above chance levels (p < .05). The addition to the LOS models of chart-based severity of illness information helped explain LOS...

Normative models and healthcare planning: network-based simulations within a geographic information system environment.

Walsh, S J; Page, P H; Gesler, W M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/1997 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
OBJECTIVES: Network analysis to integrate patient, transportation and hospital characteristics for healthcare planning in order to assess the role of geographic information systems (GIS). A normative model of base-level responses of patient flows to hospitals, based on estimated travel times, was developed for this purpose. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: A GIS database developed to include patient discharge data, locations of hospitals, US TIGER/Line files of the transportation network, enhanced address-range data, and U.S. Census variables. The study area included a 16-county region centered on the city of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, and contained 25 hospitals serving nearly 2 million people over a geographic area of nearly 9,000 square miles. STUDY DESIGN: Normative models as a tool for healthcare planning were derived through a spatial Network analysis and a distance optimization model that was implemented within a GIS. Scenarios were developed and tested that involved patient discharge data geocoded to the five-digit zip code, hospital locations geocoded to their individual addresses, and a transportation network of varying road types and corresponding estimated travel speeds to examine both patient discharge levels and a doubling of discharge levels associated with total discharges and DRG 391 (Normal Newborns). The Network analysis used location/allocation modeling to optimize for travel time and integrated measures of supply...

Normative data and validation of a regression based summary score for assessing meaningful neuropsychological change

Cysique, Lucette A.; Franklin, Donald; Abramson, Ian; Ellis, Ronald J.; Letendre, Scott; Collier, Ann; Marra, Christina; Clifford, David; Gelman, Benjamin; McArthur, Justin; Morgello, Susan; Simpson, David; McCutchan, J. Allen; Grant, Igor; Heaton, Robert
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.24%
Reliable detection and quantification of longitudinal cognitive change are of considerable importance in many neurological disorders, particularly to monitor central nervous system effects of disease progression and treatment. In the current study, we developed normative data for repeated neuropsychological (NP) assessments (6 testings) using a modified Standard Regression-Based (SRB) approach in a sample that includes both HIV-uninfected (HIV−, N=172) and neuromedically stable HIV-infected (HIV+, N=124) individuals. Prior analyzes indicated no differences in NP change between the infected and uninfected participants. The norms for change included correction for factors found to significantly affect follow-up performance, using hierarchical regression. The most robust and consistent predictors of follow-up performance were the prior performance on the same test (which contributed in all models) and a measure of prior overall NP competence (predictor in 97% of all models). Demographic variables were predictors in 10%-46% of all models and in small amounts; while test retest interval contributed in only 6% of all models. Based on the regression equations, standardized change scores (z-scores) were computed for each test measure at each interval; these z scores were then averaged to create a total battery change score. An independent sample of HIV− participants who had completed 8 of the 15 tests was used to validate an abridged summary change score. The normative data are available in an electronic format by email request to the first author. Correction for practice effects based on normative data improved the consistency of NP impairment classification in a clinically stable longitudinal cohort after baseline.

What is value—accumulated reward or evidence?

Friston, Karl; Adams, Rick; Montague, Read
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/11/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.18%
Why are you reading this abstract? In some sense, your answer will cast the exercise as valuable—but what is value? In what follows, we suggest that value is evidence or, more exactly, log Bayesian evidence. This implies that a sufficient explanation for valuable behavior is the accumulation of evidence for internal models of our world. This contrasts with normative models of optimal control and reinforcement learning, which assume the existence of a value function that explains behavior, where (somewhat tautologically) behavior maximizes value. In this paper, we consider an alternative formulation—active inference—that replaces policies in normative models with prior beliefs about the (future) states agents should occupy. This enables optimal behavior to be cast purely in terms of inference: where agents sample their sensorium to maximize the evidence for their generative model of hidden states in the world, and minimize their uncertainty about those states. Crucially, this formulation resolves the tautology inherent in normative models and allows one to consider how prior beliefs are themselves optimized in a hierarchical setting. We illustrate these points by showing that any optimal policy can be specified with prior beliefs in the context of Bayesian inference. We then show how these prior beliefs are themselves prescribed by an imperative to minimize uncertainty. This formulation explains the saccadic eye movements required to read this text and defines the value of the visual sensations you are soliciting.

Using Task Analytic Models and Phenotypes of Erroneous Human Behavior to Discover System Failures Using Model Checking

Bolton, Matthew L.; Bass, Ellen J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.21%
Breakdowns in complex systems often occur as a result of system elements interacting in ways unanticipated by analysts or designers. In systems with human operators, human-automation interaction associated with both normative and erroneous human behavior can contribute to such failures. This paper presents a method for automatically generating task analytic models encompassing both erroneous and normative human behavior from normative task models. The resulting model can be integrated into a formal system model so that system safety properties can be formally verified with a model checker. This allows analysts to prove that a human automation-interactive system (as represented by the model) will or will not satisfy safety properties with both normative and generated erroneous human behavior. This method is illustrated with a case study: the operation of a radiation therapy machine. In this example, a problem resulting from a generated erroneous human action is discovered. Future extensions of our method are discussed.

Normative evidence accumulation in unpredictable environments

Glaze, Christopher M; Kable, Joseph W; Gold, Joshua I
Fonte: eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd Publicador: eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/08/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
In our dynamic world, decisions about noisy stimuli can require temporal accumulation of evidence to identify steady signals, differentiation to detect unpredictable changes in those signals, or both. Normative models can account for learning in these environments but have not yet been applied to faster decision processes. We present a novel, normative formulation of adaptive learning models that forms decisions by acting as a leaky accumulator with non-absorbing bounds. These dynamics, derived for both discrete and continuous cases, depend on the expected rate of change of the statistics of the evidence and balance signal identification and change detection. We found that, for two different tasks, human subjects learned these expectations, albeit imperfectly, then used them to make decisions in accordance with the normative model. The results represent a unified, empirically supported account of decision-making in unpredictable environments that provides new insights into the expectation-driven dynamics of the underlying neural signals.

Compliance with the Law under Religion-based Normative Conflicts: A Behavioral Analysis and Preliminary Prescriptions

Barak-Corren, Netta
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Paper (for course/seminar/workshop)
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.19%
Conflicts between law and religion pose an enduring and acute problem for liberal democracies. I analyze an underexplored aspect of these conflicts: how individuals decide, from a behavioral perspective, to adhere to law or religion. I consider three common approaches to compliance in the literature — the economic analysis model, the legitimacy-fairness analysis model, and the conformity model — and argue that none of them suffices to explain behavior in religion-based normative conflicts. Instead, I suggest an identity-situation model that draws on all three models but reconstructs the analysis around the interplay of two identities: religious identity and civic identity. I argue that in situations that call for deliberation, the strength of religious identity relative to civic identity influences the mode of analysis — economic or legitimacy-based — deployed to decide whether to obey the law. And, in situations that call for conformity, the relative salience of each identity will impact how the individual settles the normative conflict. The paper discusses the new framework and considers some of its legal implications. I argue that little can be done about conformity situations, but more can be done about deliberative situations...

¿Es la ubicación un factor determinante para la industria conservera? : evidencia empírica para el caso de las empresas gallegas durante la primera década del s. XXI

Fachal Santos, Hugo
Fonte: Universidade da Corunha Publicador: Universidade da Corunha
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
Traballo fin de grao (UDC.ECO). ADE. Curso 2012/2013; [Resumen]: El principal objetivo de este trabajo es dar respuesta a la pregunta que lleva por título. Es decir, se intentará evidenciar qué factores determinan la ubicación de las empresas dedicadas a la elaboración de conservas de productos del mar en la Comunidad Autónoma de Galicia y si verdaderamente la localización es un factor decisivo para el éxito de las empresas de este sector. Se comenzará haciendo un repaso por las aportaciones de los principales autores que han tratado de explicar los factores que determinan la localización de las empresas industriales. Comenzando con la revisión de los denominados modelos normativos, entre los que podemos destacar el trabajo de Von Thünen, Weber, Hotelling y Lösch. Estos primeros trabajos, marcados por un alto grado de abstracción, dieron paso a nuevas aportaciones mucho más ajustadas a la realidad y entre las que podemos destacar las de Alfred Marshall. Revisadas las aportaciones de los autores más significativos, se propondrá el modelo de Marshall como aquel que mejor explica la actual distribución geográfica de la industria conservera gallega. Para la corroboración de esta hipótesis, sirviéndonos de los datos recogidos en la base de datos Ardán...

Pluralismo jurídico y Derecho alternativo: dos modelos de análisis; Legal pluralism and alternative Law: two analytical models

Garzón López, Pedro
Fonte: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto de derechos humanos Bartolomé de las Casas Publicador: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto de derechos humanos Bartolomé de las Casas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /07/2012 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.82%
El presente artículo pone de manifiesto el carácter polisémico del pluralismo jurídico y el derecho alternativo, así como la interrelación que existe entre ambas perspectivas. A fin de despejar algunas confusiones y equívocos que subyacen en el contexto del pluralismo jurídico, se distinguen dos modelos análisis. Por un lado, el pluralismo jurídico en estricto sentido; y por el otro, el pluralismo jurídico de base monista, señalando que sólo en el primero de ellos, es susceptible una lectura en clave de paradigma en el contexto a la crítica de la ciencia jurídica tradicional; This article highlights the multiple meanings of legal pluralism and alternative law, as well as the relationship that exist between both perspectives. In order to clarify certain confusions and misunderstandings that underlie the context of legal pluralism, two analytical models are proposed. On one hand, the legal pluralism in the strict sense, and on the other hand, the legal pluralism of monistic basis, pointing out that only in the first one it is possible a reading in paradigm terms within the framework of the criticism to the traditional jurisprudence

AI approaches to the complexity of legal systems : models and ethical challenges for legal systems, legal language and legal ontologies, argumentation and software agents

Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Livro
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.15%
International Workshop AICOL-III, Held as Part of the 25th IVR Congress, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, August 15-16, 2011. Revised Selected Papers; The inspiring idea of this workshop series, Artificial Intelligence Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems (AICOL), is to develop models of legal knowledge concerning organization, structure, and content in order to promote mutual understanding and communication between different systems and cultures. Complexity and complex systems describe recent developments in AI and law, legal theory, argumentation, the Semantic Web, and multi-agent systems. Multisystem and multilingual ontologies provide an important opportunity to integrate different trends of research in AI and law, including comparative legal studies. Complexity theory, graph theory, game theory, and any other contributions from the mathematical disciplines can help both to formalize the dynamics of legal systems and to capture relations among norms. Cognitive science can help the modeling of legal ontology by taking into account not only the formal features of law but also social behaviour, psychology, and cultural factors. This book is thus meant to support scholars in different areas of science in sharing knowledge and methodological approaches. This volume collects the contributions to the workshop's third edition...

Orientation Selectivity and Contrast Gain Control in Representations of Natural Images; Orientierungsselektivität und Kontrastverstärkungsregelung in Repräsentationen von natürlichen Bildern

Sinz, Fabian H.
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Dissertation; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.22%
This thesis explores the role of orientation selectivity and contrast gain control with respect to Barlow's normative redundancy reduction hypothesis in simple models of the early visual system. Our general approach uses the fact that-under the goal of redundancy reduction-early vision models are density models on natural images. We identify and develop new classes of probabilistic models for natural image patches that contain these early vision models. We use those classes to quantitatively explore their parameter space around the early vision models statistically and information theoretically with respect to the influence of filter shapes and contrast transforms on redundancy reduction. We identify an optimal contrast gain control transform and compare it to the standard model of cortical divisive contrast gain control, divisive normalization. We also identify a new estimation method for the true redundancy of natural images. Our main findings are that, in contrast to divisive contrast gain control, orientation selectivity plays a minor role for redundancy reduction in the models investigated, and that the cortical model of divisive contrast normalization is not the optimal redundancy reducing contrast transformation on static image patches. However...

Pre-service Teachers' Mental Models of Digital Video Tools; Mentale Modelle digitaler Video-Werkzeuge bei angehenden Lehrkräften

Krauskopf, Karsten
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Dissertation; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%
Teaching is a complex and ill-defined task that requires teachers to be knowledgeable in several domains, namely, content, pedagogy, and their specific connections. Moreover, today’s teachers must be acquainted with a number of technologies that can effectively support students’ learning in their subjects. A conceptual framework that tries to account for this perspective on technology while considering the mentioned sub-domains of teachers’ professional knowledge is the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge framework (TPCK, Koehler & Mishra, 2008; Mishra & Koehler, 2006). However, above and beyond characterizing the content of the proposed knowledge sub-domains, researchers invested in the TPCK approach have neglected to provide a theoretical basis for more concrete and confutable assumptions (Graham, 2011; Voogt et al., 2012) and add a process-oriented perspective to the current structure oriented-perspective. The present dissertation addresses these issues in two parts. First, it proposes theoretical specifications of the TPCK framework in order to derive assumptions about the proposed knowledge representations of the sub-domains. More concretely, I claim that at a first level of cognitive integration teachers need to construct mental models that represent the technology’s functions in the light of the complexity of the task of teaching and the teacher’s prior professional knowledge. Furthermore...

An analytic review of the doctor-patient relatyionship part I

Oprea, Liviu
Fonte: Coleguiul Medicilor Iasi Publicador: Coleguiul Medicilor Iasi
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.15%
In this article I review of the bioethics and clinical models of doctor-patient relationship and analyze them with ethical lens. It has two parts. First I review the bioethics models of DPR and argue that they are normative and prescriptive in nature being derived from various ethical and social theories. Although they describe various processes through which they may promote either patients' autonomy or beneficence, these processes are not assessed empirically and therefore. it is not clear whether their implementation at the level of health systems may rich their goals. Second I review the clinical models of DPR and show that similar to the bioethics models of DPR they are normative and prescriptive in nature. In addition, similar to the bioethics models of DPR, they are instrumental for beneficence and patients' autonomy. However, the processes through which these models aim at promoting beneficence were comprehensively assessed from an empirical point of view. I outline this research and argue that there is evidence that the relationship centered care model of DPR may promote beneficence and patients' autonomy if implemented Finally, I compare the processes in the clinical models of DPR with those in the bioethics models and argue that the contractual models of DPR are likely to promote less beneficence and patients' autonomy as compared with relational models of DPR.

Man as hero - hero as citizen: models of heroic thought and action in Homer, Plato and Rousseau.

Stefanson, Dominic
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 1581803 bytes; 184779 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.86%
Ever since Homer told the tales of magnificent men and called these men heroes, the siren song of heroic achievement has been impossible to resist. By consistently acting in a manner that is above the capacity of normal human beings, a hero becomes a model of emulation and inspiration for ordinary, lesser mortals. This thesis traces the development of normative models of heroic thought and action in the work of Homer, Plato and Rousseau. It argues that models of heroism have evolved according to changing conceptions of the political institutions that comprise a polis and, in turn, notions of citizenship. Homer establishes the heroic ideal and offers an image of Man as Hero. The Homeric hero is a man of transparent action who is never incapacitated because he acts upon his instincts. Unrestrained by doubt, he soars above humanity and performs deeds that assure him of everlasting fame and glory. The Homeric hero is a warrior-prince who lives in the absence of a polis. He rules his community as a patriarch who places his personal quest for glory above the dictates of the common good. The Homeric hero is consequently limited in his ability to act as a model of emulation for those who live in a polis. In an historical period that gave rise to the polis as a desirable and unavoidable aspect of human life...

Blind Estimation of Perceptual Quality for Modern Speech Communications

Falk, Tiago
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 1412501 bytes; application/pdf
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.1%
Modern speech communication technologies expose users to perceptual quality degradations that were not experienced earlier with conventional telephone systems. Since perceived speech quality is a major contributor to the end user's perception of quality of service, speech quality estimation has become an important research field. In this dissertation, perceptual quality estimators are proposed for several emerging speech communication applications, in particular for i) wireless communications with noise suppression capabilities, ii) wireless-VoIP communications, iii) far-field hands-free speech communications, and iv) text-to-speech systems. First, a general-purpose speech quality estimator is proposed based on statistical models of normative speech behaviour and on innovative techniques to detect multiple signal distortions. The estimators do not depend on a clean reference signal hence are termed ``blind." Quality meters are then distributed along the network chain to allow for both quality degradations and quality enhancements to be handled. In order to improve estimation performance for wireless communications, statistical models of noise-suppressed speech are also incorporated. Next, a hybrid signal-and-link-parametric quality estimation paradigm is proposed for emerging wireless-VoIP communications. The algorithm uses VoIP connection parameters to estimate a base quality representative of the packet switching network. Signal-based distortions are then detected and quantified in order to adjust the base quality accordingly. The proposed hybrid methodology is shown to overcome the limitations of existing pure signal-based and pure link parametric algorithms. Temporal dynamics information is then investigated for quality diagnosis for hands-free speech communications. A spectro-temporal signal representation...

A profissionalidade docente em tempos de transição no sistema público de ensino português: discursos sindicais e associativos

Alves, Daniel Inácio
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
Mestrado em Sociologia, especialização em Trabalho e Emprego; Desde 2006, o sistema público de ensino não superior português transfigurou-se em resultado de medidas de reforma educativa inspiradas no discurso gestionário da agenda neoliberal para o domínio d a educação e concebidas no quadro geral dos projectos de reestruturação e modernização da administração pública. As recentes reformas educativas, alicerçadas na racionalidade gestionária, desafiaram os pilares estruturadores das identidades profissionais d os professores e dos discursos profissionais que as tomam como objecto e matéria de reivindicação. Tendo como pano de fundo este enquadramento contextual, definiu-se como objectivo geral de investigação, identificar e comparar os elementos dos modelos nor mativos da profissionalidade docente veiculados, implícita e explicitamente, nos discursos profissionais, ideológicos e estratégicos das associações sindicais e profissionais mais representativas da classe docente, Federação Nacional dos Professores (FENPROF) e Associação Nacional dos Professores (ANP) respectivamente, através da análise das suas reacções públicas formais a três momentos de reforma educativa: revisão do Estatuto da Carreira Docente...

Semantic web regulatory models : why ethics matter

Casanovas, Pompeu
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
Publicado em //2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
The notion of validity fulfils a crucial role in legal theory. In the emerging Web 3.0, Semantic Web languages, legal ontologies, and Normative Multi-agent Systems (nMAS) are designed to cover new regulatory needs. Conceptual models for complex regulatory systems shape the characteristic features of rules, norms and principles in different ways. This article outlines one of such multilayered governance models, designed for the CAPER platform, and offers a definition of Semantic Web Regulatory Models (SWRM). It distinguishes between normative-SWRM and institutional-SWRM. It also compares existing principles in Privacy by Design, Linked Open Data (LOD), Legal Information Institutes (LII), and Online Dispute Resolution (ODR). The article concludes by proposing the notion of Relational Law to summarize the ethical dimension of SWRM. Ethics are the only regulatory way to constitute a global space, out of the jurisdictional public domain set by national, international or transnational law, and opposed to the private one.

Modelos avaliativos e reforma sanitária Brasileira: enfoque qualitativo-participativo; Modelos evaluativos y reforma sanitaria Brasilera: enfoque cualitativo-participativo; Evaluation models and Brazilian health reform: a qualitative-participatory approach

Bosi, Maria Lúcia Magalhães; Mercado-Martinez, Francisco Javier
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2010 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.86%
Ao longo dos últimos anos, registra-se um crescente interesse por propostas avaliativas não tradicionais e mais abrangentes nos movimentos de reforma sanitária em curso na América Latina. Este estudo teve por objetivo analisar potencialidades do enfoque avaliativo qualitativo-participativo ante o desafio de fortalecer as reformas sanitárias na região, particularmente aquelas que se configuram progressistas, como o caso brasileiro. Há necessidade de se avaliarem as reformas sanitárias rigorosa e permanentemente, sobretudo a incongruência do emprego de modelos normativos para avaliar sistemas de saúde baseados nos princípios de universalização, integralidade, humanização e gestão democrática. Além da demanda por estratégias e instrumentos de avaliação, a reforma sanitária brasileira requer a adoção de propostas e práticas avaliativas fundamentadas em outros paradigmas distintos daquele ainda hegemônico no âmbito da avaliação em saúde. Advoga-se pela utilização de modelos emergentes de avaliação, tais como os de corte qualitativo-participativo.; A lo largo de los últimos años, se registra un interés creciente por propuestas evaluativas no tradicionales y más amplio en los movimientos de reforma sanitaria en curso en la América Latina. Este estudio tuvo por objetivo analizar potencialidades del enfoque evaluativo cualitativo-participativo frente al desafío de fortalecer las reformas sanitarias en la región...