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Vinculação, episódios emocionais e compreensão emocional nas perturbações alimentares

Neves, Lúcia Maria Mendes Fragoso
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em 18/09/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.97%
Tese de Doutoramento em Psicologia (área de Conhecimento em Psicologia Clínica); A teoria da vinculação (Bowlby, 1969/1984; 1973; 1980) e os seus conceitos sobre a construção da primeira relação íntima, o desenvolvimento da vinculação e o seu papel na formação da personalidade, bem como as suas implicações clínicas, constituíram a matriz deste trabalho. Estudos longitudinais, desenvolvidos nas últimas décadas, têm vindo a estabelecer uma forte associação entre as organizações da vinculação e o desenvolvimento emocional e social (Grossmann, Grossman, & Kindler, 2005; Sroufe, Egeland, Carlson, & Collins, 2005a,b; Steele & Steele, 2005) e a revelar trajectórias desenvolvimentais, que ilustram uma relação estreita entre a experiência precoce e a psicopatologia na infância, adolescência e no estado adulto (Sroufe, Egeland, Carlson, & Collins, 2005b). O estudo das emoções relacionadas com a organização da vinculação tem vindo a ser igualmente alvo de investigação, em particular, procurando-se compreender as relações entre a regulação emocional e as trajectórias desenvolvimentais adaptativas e patológicas (Bowlby, 1969/1984, 1973, 1980, 1988a,b; Kobak, 1999; Mikulincer, Shaver & Pereg...

Postural Control in Children With Developmental Coordination Disorder

Geuze, Reint H.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.8%
The development of static balance is a basic characteristic of normal motor development. Most developmental motor tests include a measure of static balance. Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) often fail this item. This study reviews the balance problems of children with DCD. The general conclusion is drawn that under normal conditions static balance control is not a problem for children with DCD. Only in difficult, unattended, or novel situations such children seem to suffer from increased postural sway. These findings raise the question of what happens when balance is lost. The present study addresses the strength of correlation between the electromyography (EMG) and force plate signals in one-leg stance over epochs of stable and unstable balance. Four groups of children were involved in the study: two age groups and a group of children with DCD and balance problems and their controls. The results show a clear involvement of tibialis anterior and peroneus muscles in the control of lateral balance in all conditions and groups. The group of children with DCD and balance problems,however, showed a weaker coupling between EMG and corrective force compared with control children, indicating non-optimal balance control. An evaluation of the existing data in terms of evidence of specific structural deficits associated with DCD provided converging evidence that suggests cerebellar involvement.

Incorporating Measurement Non-Equivalence in a Cross-Study Latent Growth Curve Analysis

Flora, David B.; Curran, Patrick J.; Hussong, Andrea M.; Edwards, Michael C.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/10/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.88%
A large literature emphasizes the importance of testing for measurement equivalence in scales that may be used as observed variables in structural equation modeling applications. When the same construct is measured across more than one developmental period, as in a longitudinal study, it can be especially critical to establish measurement equivalence, or invariance, across the developmental periods. Similarly, when data from more than one study are combined into a single analysis, it is again important to assess measurement equivalence across the data sources. Yet, how to incorporate non-equivalence when it is discovered is not well described for applied researchers. Here, we present an item response theory approach that can be used to create scale scores from measures while explicitly accounting for non-equivalence. We demonstrate these methods in the context of a latent curve analysis in which data from two separate studies are combined to create a single longitudinal model spanning several developmental periods.

The Screen for Social Interaction (SSI): A Screening Measure for Autism Spectrum Disorders in Preschoolers

Ghuman, Jaswinder K.; Leone, Sarah L.; Lecavalier, Luc; Landa, Rebecca J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.94%
We report on the preliminary validity and utility of the Ghuman-Folstein Screen for Social Interaction (SSI), a measure of social interaction that can serve to screen for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in clinical samples of young high-risk children. Caregivers of 350 children (176 younger participants, ages 24 to 42 months, mean age = 34.1 months; and 174 older participants, ages 43 to 61 months, mean age = 52.4 months) with ASDs, non-ASD developmental and/or psychiatric disorders, or without developmental concerns completed the SSI. A series of analyses resulted in shortened versions of the SSI: a 26-item SSI-Younger (SSI-Y) and a 21-item SSI-Older (SSI-O) version. The SSI-Y and SSI-O showed moderate convergence with ASD diagnostic measures and significantly differentiated ASD and non-ASD clinical groups. Sensitivity and specificity values for discriminating ASD and non-ASD clinical participants were 0.87 and 0.71, respectively for the SSI-Y and 0.81 and 0.70, respectively for the SSI-O. Scoring recommendations were made based on the ROC results.

Use of machine learning to shorten observation-based screening and diagnosis of autism

Wall, D P; Kosmicki, J; DeLuca, T F; Harstad, E; Fusaro, V A
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.71%
The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generic (ADOS) is one of the most widely used instruments for behavioral evaluation of autism spectrum disorders. It is composed of four modules, each tailored for a specific group of individuals based on their language and developmental level. On average, a module takes between 30 and 60 min to deliver. We used a series of machine-learning algorithms to study the complete set of scores from Module 1 of the ADOS available at the Autism Genetic Resource Exchange (AGRE) for 612 individuals with a classification of autism and 15 non-spectrum individuals from both AGRE and the Boston Autism Consortium (AC). Our analysis indicated that 8 of the 29 items contained in Module 1 of the ADOS were sufficient to classify autism with 100% accuracy. We further validated the accuracy of this eight-item classifier against complete sets of scores from two independent sources, a collection of 110 individuals with autism from AC and a collection of 336 individuals with autism from the Simons Foundation. In both cases, our classifier performed with nearly 100% sensitivity, correctly classifying all but two of the individuals from these two resources with a diagnosis of autism, and with 94% specificity on a collection of observed and simulated non-spectrum controls. The classifier contained several elements found in the ADOS algorithm...

The ‘Maltreatment and Abuse Chronology of Exposure’ (MACE) Scale for the Retrospective Assessment of Abuse and Neglect During Development

Teicher, Martin H.; Parigger, Angelika
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/02/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.77%
There is increasing interest in childhood maltreatment as a potent stimulus that may alter trajectories of brain development, induce epigenetic modifications and enhance risk for medical and psychiatric disorders. Although a number of useful scales exist for retrospective assessment of abuse and neglect they have significant limitations. Moreover, they fail to provide detailed information on timing of exposure, which is critical for delineation of sensitive periods. The Maltreatment and Abuse Chronology of Exposure (MACE) scale was developed in a sample of 1051 participants using item response theory to gauge severity of exposure to ten types of maltreatment (emotional neglect, non-verbal emotional abuse, parental physical maltreatment, parental verbal abuse, peer emotional abuse, peer physical bullying, physical neglect, sexual abuse, witnessing interparental violence and witnessing violence to siblings) during each year of childhood. Items included in the subscales had acceptable psychometric properties based on infit and outfit mean square statistics, and each subscale passed Andersen’s Likelihood ratio test. The MACE provides an overall severity score and multiplicity score (number of types of maltreatment experienced) with excellent test-retest reliability. Each type of maltreatment showed good reliability as did severity of exposure across each year of childhood. MACE Severity correlated 0.738 with Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) score and MACE Multiplicity correlated 0.698 with the Adverse Childhood Experiences scale (ACE). However...

The ‘Maltreatment and Abuse Chronology of Exposure’ (MACE) Scale for the Retrospective Assessment of Abuse and Neglect During Development

Teicher, Martin H.; Parigger, Angelika
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.77%
There is increasing interest in childhood maltreatment as a potent stimulus that may alter trajectories of brain development, induce epigenetic modifications and enhance risk for medical and psychiatric disorders. Although a number of useful scales exist for retrospective assessment of abuse and neglect they have significant limitations. Moreover, they fail to provide detailed information on timing of exposure, which is critical for delineation of sensitive periods. The Maltreatment and Abuse Chronology of Exposure (MACE) scale was developed in a sample of 1051 participants using item response theory to gauge severity of exposure to ten types of maltreatment (emotional neglect, non-verbal emotional abuse, parental physical maltreatment, parental verbal abuse, peer emotional abuse, peer physical bullying, physical neglect, sexual abuse, witnessing interparental violence and witnessing violence to siblings) during each year of childhood. Items included in the subscales had acceptable psychometric properties based on infit and outfit mean square statistics, and each subscale passed Andersen’s Likelihood ratio test. The MACE provides an overall severity score and multiplicity score (number of types of maltreatment experienced) with excellent test-retest reliability. Each type of maltreatment showed good reliability as did severity of exposure across each year of childhood. MACE Severity correlated 0.738 with Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) score and MACE Multiplicity correlated 0.698 with the Adverse Childhood Experiences scale (ACE). However...

Acquisition of foreign NDI weapon systems for United States Special Operations Forces

Ramsey, Andrew R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.66%
Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited.; The purpose of this thesis is to explore and analyze the process required to procure foreign non-developmental item (NDI) weapon systems for Special Operations Forces (SOF). The primary intent is to provide the program manager and other acquisition professionals with information needed to identify the strengths, weaknesses, and validity of acquiring foreign NDI weapon systems. A case analysis, focusing on the acquisition of the Maritime Air Delivery System (MADS) for USSOCOM, is utilized to develop recommendations regarding the procurement of foreign NDI weapon systems for Special Operations Forces. Key issues regarding the MADS procurement are analyzed within the context of the impediments, challenges and advantages discussed in the thesis. It was determined that the MADS acquisition strategy, although not perfect, was sufficient to obtain and test a viable weapon system while mitigating the risks associated with cost, schedule and performance. Problems encountered during the process have been identified and organizational and administrative changes have been made to correct these deficiencies

Logistics support for Commercial Items and Non-Developmental Items case study : the P-3C Anti-Surface Warfare Improvement Program (AIP)

Kohanowich, Kurt M.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The technological advances of the last decade have resulted in the commercial market leading the military market in many areas of technological development. As a result, the military depends on the commercial sector for increased capabilities in many systems. The Commercial Item and Non- Developmental item procurement strategy has been utilized to capitalize on this development. Using pre-existing systems to provide additional capabilities for military weapon systems results in a shorter procurement time and enables new technology to be used sooner. However, the logistics support of these items suffers since there is less time to test and plan for spare parts, training facilities, and support equipment. More assets are needed during the initial planning stages for these items to identify and produce the support structures needed for the life of the system. Finally, the shift of logistics support from an organic, military support system to a commercial support system has certain cost savings that are realized early in the program, but may have long-term effects in terms of security risk and overall life-cycle cost.

A case study of the Light Armored Vehicle-25: integrated logistics support of a non-developmental item

Quindlen, Francis A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.66%

A systems engineering study of global positioning system installation onto Army aircraft

Grekoski, Edward D.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.66%
The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate the systems engineering effort by the Aviation Research and Development Activity (AVRADA), the Airborne Engineering Research Activity (AERA), and support contractor DOSS to install the Trimble Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver onto Army helicopter platforms. This study is an example of a successful systems engineering effort to install a non-developmental item (NDI) onto existing aircraft platforms in response to an urgent requirement created by the deployment of aircraft for Operation Desert Shield.

Logistic support for non-developmental Items

Weaver, Steven E.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
THIS PUBLICATION IS A WORK OF THE U.S. GOVERNMENT AS DEFINED IN TITLE 17, UNITED STATES CODE, SECTION 101. AS SUCH, IT IS IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN, AND UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF TITLE 17, UNITED STATES CODE, SECTION 105, IT MAY NOT BE COPYRIGHTED.
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.99%
The objectives of this research are: (1) to examine how the decision is made to use a Non-Developmental Item (NDI) to meet an operational requirement; and (2) to formulate an evaluation model that could be used by the decision maker to determine which support method would be most suitable for the NDI in question. In formulating the model presented in this thesis (the Support System Decision Matrix), actual cases of NDI were studied and; the lessons learned from these efforts were consolidated into a model. The heuristic considers system use factors and system specific factors and ranks the four basic ways to support a system: (1) discard system upon failure (no support), (2) total contractor support, (3) organic support and (4) a combination of organic and contractor support. Keywords: Logistic support; Non developmental item; Decision making.

Study of the Light Utility Helicopter (LUH) acquisition program as a model for defense acquisition of non-developmental items

Rubinstein, Judith
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.83%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The UH-72A Light UtilityHelicopter (LUH)was acquired for performance of general support tasks (training, medical evacuation, law enforcement, etc.) in permissive (non-combat) environments, to replace Vietnam-era helicopters, and to free up Black Hawk UH-60 helicopters for combat use. This acquisition program is the Army’s first major acquisition of commercially available helicopters subsequently modified for military use. Although initial testing and use indicated the need for unforeseen modifications to the helicopters, in most respects, this program was successful. The successes included expeditious acquisition and fielding, avoidance of excessive costs, and acquisition of helicopters that incorporated the latest available technology (developed at industry, not at government, expense). Additionally, the helicopters could be, and were, readily tailored for diverse uses. Also, they highly satisfied users’ requirements. Finally, all deliveries were on-time or ahead of schedule. These successes occurred largely because the UH-72A was a non-developmental item with mature technology at the time of acquisition. The time and expense that would otherwise have been needed for development and for ramp-up of production were avoided. Additional factors contributing to the success of the program were clear definition of the requirement...

An evaluation and comparison of the Army's acquisition plans for two tactical command control and communications systems: mobile subscriber equipment and single channel ground and airborne radio system

Williams, Denise F.; Ebener, Ralph I., Jr.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: viii, 58 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.91%
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; This thesis evaluates the Acquisition Plans of two US Army Command, Control and Communications (C3) systems: Mobile Subscriber Equipment (MSE) and the Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS), both of which are components of the Army Tactical Command and Control System (ATCCS). The study examines the defense acquisition process through the comparison of the Acquisition Plans and lessons learned for these two programs, and determines if there is an optimal strategy for the Army to use when acquiring tactical C3 systems. An analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the two Acquisition Plans, and an evaluation of the similarities and differences of two programs, concludes that the MSE Acquisition Plan proved more successful than its SINCGARS counterparts because of its Non-Developmental Item approach. This study recommends maximum use of the NDI strategy for acquiring C3 systems whenever possible.; Captain, United States Army; Captain, United States Army

The Fox Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Reconnaissance System : |blessons-learned from a foreign non-developmental item acquisition

Norris, James W.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 69 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.91%
Non-developmental Item acquisition represent a viable approach to meet procurement needs of the Defense Department. The reduced acquisition cycle times and resultant cost savings of this acquisition strategy presents significant potential benefits to DoD. One weapon system program that has successfully used such an NDI strategy is the U.S. Army's Fox Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Reconnaissance System. This thesis examines the DoD acquisition process and how NDIs are used within the process. The thesis then examines the Fox Program and its NDI Acquisition strategy to determine what factors made the program successful. From this analysis, lessons-learned are identified that can be used by other acquisition managers and their staffs effectively to manage future NDI programs.; NA; NA; U.S. Army (U.S.A.) author.

A case study of the Avenger : Integrated Logistics Support (ILS) of a Non-developmental Item (NDI); NA

Slaughter, Darrell A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 107 p.;28 cm.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
The Avenger System is a lightweight, highly mobile, and transportable surface-to-air missile, operated by a two man crew for defense against helicopters and fixed wing aircraft at low altitude in day or night operations that take place in clear or limited adverse weather conditions. The Avenger system includes eight ready-to-fire Stinger missiles and a .50 caliber machine gun integrated with sensors and target acquisition devices. Boeing's Avenger was selected in August 1987 as the Non-developmental Item (NDI) candidate to perform the Line-of-Sight-Rear (LOS-R) role of FAADS. This thesis examines the Integrated Logistics Support Plan (ILSP) for Avenger that provided essential information for the successful performance of the Avenger Integrated Logistics Support (FLS) activities early in the life cycle of the system. The ILSP provided support requirements for the acquisition of the Avenger. The ILSP addressed the general ILS planning and management functions performed during the production and fielding phases of the life cycle. This thesis also examines Avenger Integrated Logistics Support concepts as a Non- developmental Item. A significant lesson learned is that in order for logistics support to be effective, it must be included in the acquisition planning process and considered in formulation of the acquisition strategy.; NA; NA; U.S. Army (U.S.A.) author.

Architecting the safety assessment of large-scale systems integration

Yin, Tong Choon.
Fonte: Monterey, California; Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California; Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xx, 53 p.
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.66%
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; This research identifies the information/data required to perform a safety assessment for large-scale systems integration. From these required safety-related information/data, and the utilization of system engineering processes and practices, a safety assessment architecture is developed. As a result, the risk of known hazards is mitigated to as low as reasonably practical (ALARP) and the system health of these large-scale system integrations is improved throughout the system's life cycle. The thesis first identifies the current gap in system safety assessment for large-scale system integrations, especially in the area of Commercial of the Shelf (COTS) and Non-Developmental Item (NDI) systems integration. Next, with reference to the DoD system life cycle process, a COTS/NDI system integration life cycle process model is proposed. In addition, in line with the DoD policy to have a joint weapon system safety review board, a system safety functional hierarchy is then created. Using the functional hierarchy created, more detailed sub-functions and measures of effectiveness for system safety assessment are then analyzed. Finally, a hazard list table is proposed as a tool to be used in relation to the system safety assessment functional hierarchy so as to achieve the objective to identify...

The 20-item prosopagnosia index (PI20): a self-report instrument for identifying developmental prosopagnosia

Shah, Punit; Gaule, Anne; Sowden, Sophie; Bird, Geoffrey; Cook, Richard
Fonte: The Royal Society Publishing Publicador: The Royal Society Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/06/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
Self-report plays a key role in the identification of developmental prosopagnosia (DP), providing complementary evidence to computer-based tests of face recognition ability, aiding interpretation of scores. However, the lack of standardized self-report instruments has contributed to heterogeneous reporting standards for self-report evidence in DP research. The lack of standardization prevents comparison across samples and limits investigation of the relationship between objective tests of face processing and self-report measures. To address these issues, this paper introduces the PI20; a 20-item self-report measure for quantifying prosopagnosic traits. The new instrument successfully distinguishes suspected prosopagnosics from typically developed adults. Strong correlations were also observed between PI20 scores and performance on objective tests of familiar and unfamiliar face recognition ability, confirming that people have the necessary insight into their own face recognition ability required by a self-report instrument. Importantly, PI20 scores did not correlate with recognition of non-face objects, indicating that the instrument measures face recognition, and not a general perceptual impairment. These results suggest that the PI20 can play a valuable role in identifying DP. A freely available self-report instrument will permit more effective description of self-report diagnostic evidence...

Carnivory during Ontogeny of the Plagioscion squamosissimus: A Successful Non-Native Fish in a Lentic Environment of the Upper Paraná River Basin

Neves, Mayara Pereira; Delariva, Rosilene Luciana; Guimarães, Ana Tereza Bittencourt; Sanches, Paulo Vanderlei
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/11/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.71%
This study evaluated feeding patterns and ontogenetic variations in a non-native fish species (Plagioscion squamosissimus) in an isolated lake in the Upper Paraná River floodplain. Quarterly samplings were performed from April 2005 to February 2006 using plankton nets to capture larvae, seining nets for juveniles, and gill nets and trammel for adults. Stomach contents (n = 378) were examined according to the volumetric method in which the volume of each food item was estimated using graduated test tubes or a glass counting plate. During early development (larval stage), P. squamosissimus consumed mainly Cladocera and Copepoda. Juveniles showed a more diverse diet, including shrimp (Macrobrachium amazonicum), fish, aquatic insects (Trichoptera, Ephemeroptera, Chironomidae and pupae of Diptera) and plants. It was notable the high proportion of cannibalism (23.3%) in this stage. Adults consumed predominantly shrimp and fish. The use of food resources varied significantly between development stages (ANOSIM; r = 0.458; p<0.005), showing changes in food preferences during ontogeny. The Similarity Percentage Analysis (SIMPER) indicated that Cladocera and Copepoda were responsible for the differences observed between the larval stages of pre-flexion...

Association between child maltreatment indicators and developmental problems in early childhood education; Associação entre indicadores de maus tratos infantis e presença de problemas desenvolvimentais em crianças em início de escolarização

Gomez, Vanessa Ruiz Vaz; Bazon, Marina Rezende
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2014 ENG; POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.8%
Introduction: Short and long-term exposure to maltreatment can increase the risk of developmental problems. Objective: To characterize a sample of children in early education with regard to the presence of indicators of child abuse and emotional and behavioural problems and to determine the association between these variables. Methods: The sample consisted of 40 elementary school children whose parents or guardians and teachers (n = 6) gave permission for their participation in this study. Data were obtained using the Phrase Inventory of Intra-family Child Abuse (PIICA) and the Teacher’s Report Form (TRF). Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were made. Results: The average score in IFVD was 17.82, which is out of range of risk, according to the instrument instructions. However, 30% of the sample with suspicions of maltreatment obtained a score higher than 23. The sample was divided into two groups for comparison according to the TRF (victimized and non-victimized). Significant differences were found in Total Problems and in Internalizing Problems, although the averages of the item responses from both groups were considered normal at all levels and in all sub-items. Conclusion: Children that present indicators of abuse are also likely to present indicators of depression and anxiety at non-clinical levels...