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A política pública de incentivo ao setor de informática no Brasil a partir da década de 90: uma análise jurídica; The Brazilian informatics policy since the 90s: a legal analysis

Colombo, Daniel Gama e
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/06/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
O objetivo central desta dissertação é realizar uma análise crítica da política de informática brasileira adotada na década de noventa sob uma perspectiva jurídica. O mote principal é utilizar a Lei de Informática (Lei 8.248/91 e modificações posteriores), seus dispositivos e incentivos, tanto como objeto de análise quanto como centro de referência para compreensão do setor e da política pública adotada. A questão que se propõe responder é que papel pode ser atribuído ao direito dentro de uma política pública setorial voltada ao desenvolvimento de uma indústria de grande importância na economia contemporânea e com alta dinâmica tecnológica como o setor de informática. Na primeira parte realiza-se uma revisão da literatura econômica sobre política industrial e intervenção do Estado na economia, a fim de se estabelecer os marcos teóricos do estudo empírico. Nos dois capítulos subseqüentes é feita a reconstrução histórica da antiga política de informática (a reserva de mercado) dos anos setenta e oitenta, e do novo conjunto de incentivos instituídos nos anos noventa com a Lei de Informática, tentando entender porque uma política inicialmente pensada para durar até 1997 já foi renovada por duas vezes...

Política de segurança pública no Brasil na pós-transição democrática: deslocamente em um modelo resistente; Public secutity policy in Brazil in the post-democratic transition: shifts in a weatherproof model

Gonçalves, Ligia Maria Daher
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/03/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
A presente dissertação analisa as mudanças implementadas na agenda da segurança pública na pós-transição democrática e os motivos pelos quais o modelo de segurança pública no Brasil é tão resistente a reformas. O cenário democrático testemunhou a entrada de novos atores na comunidade da política, e, a partir de então, novas e velhas visões acerca do tema passaram a coexistir. Apesar da crise da segurança pública, explicitada nas décadas de 1980-1990, nenhuma das propostas de reforma estrutural do modelo da política obteve êxito até o momento, o que pode ser explicado pela ausência de uma ampla coalizão em torno de uma agenda mínima de reformas e pelo padrão de dependência da trajetória da política. As mudanças possíveis nesse contexto, embora sejam insuficientes para conformar um novo modelo de política, têm provocado deslocamentos em algumas das características históricas do sistema de segurança pública, promovendo pequenas alterações na sua dinâmica federativa.; This dissertation analyzes the changes to the agenda of public security in Brazil after its democratic transition. It also addresses the reasons why the Brazilian policy model of public security might be so resistant to reforms. The new democratic scenario witnessed new actors entering the policy community and brought together old and new views on the subject. In spite of the crisis in the public security...

Teachers’ perceptions of a new policy on teacher evaluation

Flores, Maria Assunção
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em //2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.8%
This paper draws upon a broader piece of research aiming at investigating the implications of a recent policy on teacher performance appraisal in Portugal for teachers and schools. It focuses mainly upon teachers‟ perceptions in regard to its implementation during the first two years (2008 and 2009). Two case studies were carried out and a combination of methods for data collection was used. Findings suggested that teachers‟ perceptions are marked by uncertainty and skepticism. Amongst the most critical issues are the existence of a quota system, the lack of recognition (and adequate training) of the appraisers, the bureaucratic and summative dimension, and the lack of necessary conditions (including time) to put it into practice. In general, teachers are sceptical in regard to the effects of the new policy on their professional development and on school improvement. However, some positive aspects were also identified by some teachers, namely the emergence of debates and discussion within the teaching profession, the opportunity to reflect upon teachers‟ practice and to change and challenge the previous system which was mainly based on self-evaluation.

Quantifying technology infusion and policy impact on low earth orbit communication satellite constellations

Chang, Darren Datong, 1977-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 204 p.; 10443811 bytes; 10468706 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
Technology infusion and policy implementation bring impacts to the trade space of complex engineering systems. This work describes in detail the frameworks for quantitative analyses on these impacts, demonstrates their use on the sample system, and presents the analysis results. The low earth orbit (LEO) communication satellite constellation system serves as the platform for carrying out the system trade space analysis. The system is reproduced in computer environment in the form of a multiple-input-output MATLAB model. The model contains multiple modules that incorporate the physics, economy, and policies of the real-world system. The inputs to the model are system design variables and the outputs are system performance, capacity, and cost. The Pareto optimal solution set of the baseline trade space is generated by the model using a full-factorial run that covers the entire design space. To simulate technology infusion, technical and cost attributes of four new technologies are quantified and infused into the system model. The infusion of technologies and combinations of technologies into the system is simulated. Policy implementation is simulated by changing the policy constraints in the model. The technology-infused trade space and policy-implemented trade space have new sets of Pareto optimal solutions. By comparing these solution sets with the baseline optimal solution set in the objective space...

Bringing policy into space systems conceptual design : qualitative and quantitative methods

Weigel, Annalisa L. (Annalisa Lynn), 1972-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 168 p.; 15537090 bytes; 15536849 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
A change in government policy can send waves of crippling impacts through the design and development of publicly funded complex engineering systems. Thus it is important for system architects and designers to understand the interaction of policy with their systems, and to strive for policy robustness in their systems. To be policy robust is to successfully pass through policy changes that might arise during the course of system development in order to bring the system into operational use. The goal of this thesis research is to enable the creation of policy robust system architectures and designs through making policy an active consideration in the engineering systems architecting and design process. Qualitative and quantitative analysis methods are brought to bear on the problem using space systems as the application domain, and a process is set down through which policy can become an active consideration instead of a static constraint. Unique contributions of this thesis in the qualitative analysis of policy robust systems include new heuristics describing the interaction of policy and publicly funded engineering systems, as well as impact flow path diagrams for tracing policy interactions with technical engineering system parameters. Quantitative contributions include general relationships for the behavior of engineering system architecture sets under downward annual budget policy pressure...

Opinion: a critical appraisal of the new higher education charges for students

Chapman, Bruce
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 272197 bytes; 360 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
The legislation concerning the financing of Australian higher education passed the Senate in the last Parliamentary sitting week of 2003. The changes introduced will begin in 2005, and after this time the system will start to move away from its current settings. It is argued in what follows that these reforms have the strong potential to change radically the policy landscape with respect to student charges. A premise of the paper is that the transformation of Australian higher education funding after 2005 is likely to be more profound than was the case with all other financing changes over the last 30 years or so. As background, the discussion offers a brief historic overview of university funding reforms: the abolition of fees by Labor in 1973; the introduction of the Higher Education Administration Charge in 1987; the major extension of user pays through the Higher Education Contribution Scheme which began in 1989; and the considerable changes to HECS implemented in 1997. While some reforms are considered to have been fundamental with respect to the incidence and nature of higher education charges for students, it is argued that the new policy arrangements are very likely to have a much greater impact. To this end, the analysis includes an explanation of the critical role played by the indexation of government grants to Australian universities. While this might seem like a strange place to start given the lack of attention to the issue in public debate...

Evaluating policy options for managing diffuse source water quality in Lake Taupo, New Zealand

Connor, Jeffrey D.; Hatton MacDonald, Darla; Morrison, Mark; Cast, Andrea Snowden
Fonte: Springer New York LLC Publicador: Springer New York LLC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
Environmental policy makers are interested in ways to prevent environmental degradation without significantly limiting economic and social development. Increasingly, market-based instruments are being incorporated into the suite of policy tools to accomplish these aims. However, the lack of information on market-based instruments accessible to non-economists limits understanding of how and when a market-based instrument can be integrated into a traditional policy regime. This paper aims to address the lack of accessible information using a generic screening process for policy instruments demonstrated through application to a non-point source pollution problem in Lake Taupo, New Zealand; Jeffrey D. Connor, Darla Hatton MacDonald, Mark Morrison and Andrea Cast

Constructing citizens: social policy and the state-citizen relationship.

Revi, Ben
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
This thesis argues that social policy is best seen as an attempt to define and encourage a specific relationship between the citizen and the state. Within this view, the paradigms of welfarism and neoliberalism are seen as attempts to alter this state-citizen relationship. New paradigms can be successful if they can establish legitimacy for a new state-citizen relationship, particularly if the existing relationship is sufficiently plastic to allow change. If a new paradigm falls outside of traditional discourses of legitimate relationship between citizen and state, radical policy change is likely to fail. The methodology of the study fuses techniques of institutional analysis and discourse analysis. Institutional analysis is used to show how social policy ideas, along with their preferred practices of citizenship, are formed and articulated across the various bodies which influence policy in both the domestic and international arena. Discourse analysis and ‘governmentality’ studies are used to show how new policy paradigms are constructed as being consistent with traditional state-citizen relationships, in order to create space to accommodate radical policy change. Sweden, France and Britain are used as case studies to illustrate the effect of the state-citizen relationship on social policy change. Each of these countries developed a unique tradition of state-citizen relations over many centuries of political struggle...

Neural-network based online policy iteration for continuous-time infinite-horizon optimal control of nonlinear systems

Tang, D.; Chen, L.; Tian, Z.F.
Fonte: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Publicador: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.88%
A new policy-iteration algorithm based on neural networks (NNs) is proposed in this paper to synthesize optimal control laws online for continuous-time nonlinear systems. Latest advances in this field have enabled synchronous policy iteration but require an additional tuning loop or a logic switch mechanism to maintain system stability. A new algorithm is thus derived in this paper to address this limitation. The optimal control law is found by solving the Hamilton-Jacobi- Bellman (HJB) equation for the associated value function via synchronous policy iteration in a critic-actor configuration. As a major contribution, a new form of NN approximation for the value function is proposed, offering the closed-loop system asymptotic stability without additional tuning scheme or logic switch mechanism. As a second contribution, an extended Kalman filter is introduced to estimate the critic NN parameters for fast convergence. The efficacy of the new algorithm is verified by simulations.; Difan Tang, Lei Chen, and Zhao Feng Tian; IEEE Catalog Number: CFP15SIP-USB

Patterns of policy evolution in the EU: The case of research and technology development policy

CITI, Manuele
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
The literature on the policy-making of the European Union (EU) has trouble understanding the long-term evolution of EU policies. While numerous accounts exist that analyze EU policies from a historical, analytical-descriptive and normative perspective, no existing account has studied the evolution of EU policy output from a positive perspective. This thesis wants to start filling this gap in the literature by studying the patterns of policy evolution in the European Union’s research and technology development (RTD) policy. This policy is studied at three different levels of analysis. The first level is that of budgetary dynamics; here I test two alternative hypotheses on the pattern of budgetary change, both derived from the American literature: the classical incrementalist hypothesis, and the punctuated-equilibrium hypothesis of Bryan Jones and Frank Baumgartner. The second level of analysis is that of agenda dynamics, where I study the pattern of issue expansion/contraction on the fragmented agenda of the EU, and test two alternative hypotheses on the allocation of agenda space to RTD policy. The third level of analysis is that of institutional dynamics; here I test the hypothesis that institutional stability is associated with phases of incremental changes...

Maritime shipping container security and the Defense Transportation System: problems and policy in the 21st century

Jankowski, William M.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 49 p. : ill. (some col.), map
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.86%
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; The Defense Transportation System (DTS), led by the Military Traffic Management Command (MTMC), depends on the commercial maritime industry to provide movement of supplies and equipment around the world. The maritime shipping container is a critical asset in providing for this logistical support to the war fighter abroad. These 20- or 40-foot containers have become the backbone of the maritime industry, and will continue to proliferate as global commerce continues to expand. While the growth in the use of maritime shipping containers in the 21st century has accelerated the nation's economic trade substantially, it may also have become a significant problem. Containers are an indispensable but vulnerable link in the chain of global trade; approximately 90 percent of the world's cargo moves by container. Because of DoD's dependency on the maritime industry and these containers, it will and must continue to ride the wave of commercial practices, specifically in pursuit of better security throughout the maritime industry. In the wake of September 11, 2001, and with the new threats of WMD, the maritime shipping container may become a weapons delivery system. This thesis documented the need for security improvements for the maritime shipping container in protecting global commerce and DoD cargo shipments. Comprehensive reviews of government reports...

What 'whole-of-government' means for environmental policy and management: An analysis of the Connecting Government initiative

Morrison, T. H.; Lane, Marcus B.
Fonte: Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand Publicador: Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
In this article, we comment on what new ‘whole-of government’ (WG) initiatives mean for environmental policy and management in Australia. In particular, we focus on the recently released Australian Government Management Advisory Committee report, Connecting Government (2004). The nature of WG as a general public policy concept is explored before the relationship between WG and environmental policy and management is explained. Our review of Connecting Government shows it to be conceptually precise, appropriately focused on extra structural issues, such as process and culture, and sensitive to the role of extra-governmental actors (such as community and industry actors) in governance. In addition, it usefully highlights the fact that different approaches to governmental connectivity are required for different kinds of policy problems. While Connecting Government acknowledges an enlarged role for community and industry actors in the formulation and implementation of public policy, it is, unfortunately, largely uncritical of the governance problems that this role potentially entails.; Tiffany Morrison and Marcus Lane; © Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand

Contestability, policy advice and the Australian Strategic Policy Institute

Perkins, Celia
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 76689 bytes; 350 bytes; text/html; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
As the public service is "thrown open to the cold winds of competition" (Hartigan, 2000), and the implementation of new public management advances past simple contracting-out, contestability of policy advice to government is receiving increased interest as new area of reform to pursue. The Government's commitment to establish an Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI) is motivated by the potential for that institution to provide contestable advice on defence and security policy issues. To understand how the creation of this Institute might assist the Government's desire for policy contestability, this paper will look more closely at the principles of contestability and consider how the experience of other similar ventures by Government have contributed to increased contestability in policy advice. This understanding should inform the establishment of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute.; no

Public sector restructuring and community consultation in the Australian Capital Territory: can old and new public policy trends work together?

Enfield, Samantha
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 68003 bytes; 351 bytes; text/html; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
The aim and the reality of community consultation in the public policy process are often at odds. Simple mechanical remedies of consultative models and practices will not in themselves include the citizen beyond the ballot box. This Discussion Paper discusses the findings of a study conducted as part of PhD work in progress that examines two current public institutional trends in the ACT, purchaser-provider public sector arrangements and community consultation. The Australian Capital Territory offers the academic and practicing public policy community a unique opportunity to observe the interaction of old and new trends in OECD public policy best practice. Internationally, ideas about purchaser-provider models have been in place for some time. Current OECD activity is now emphasising community consultation to "strengthen government-citizen connections" in OECD countries and notes that there is now a strong trend towards renewal and expansion of public consultation in regulatory development which is underway in OECD countries (PUMA 1999). The ACT has both purchaser provider arrangements and significant investment in community consultation and provides a practical insight into the interaction of past ideas and current preoccupations in public policy. The Discussion Paper's study has found indications in the ACT that public institutional and reported service delivery arrangements have conditionally resulted in greater government control over the policy process; elected representatives have greater determination of public services...

Zambia Wildlife Sector Policy : Situation Analysis and Recommendations for a Future Policy

Sichilongo, Mwape; Mulozi, Pamela; Mbewe, Biston; Machala, Chomba; Pavy, Jean-Michel
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
Zambia is endowed with an abundance of natural resources that include, water, forests and wildlife. The country's wildlife resources are managed through government-supported National Parks and Game Management Areas (GMAs) and private sector game ranches. The main objective of this wildlife sector policy review is to consolidate the findings collected from an extensive bibliography published during the life of the current policy, and the analysis of key sector practitioners. The second objective is to analyze these findings with a view to formulating broad recommendations to inform the design of the new vision and new policy of the sector. This document aims to identify policy issues that would provide a basis for the creation of an enabling environment for the development of the wildlife sector as a growth sector according to the Sixth National Development Plan (SNDP) and the vision 2030. It contains five provisional priority recommendations that offer practical solutions and six strategic options which constitute policy objectives. In conclusion...

Leveling the Field for Renewables : Mexico's New Policy Framework for Incorporating External Costs of Electricity Generation

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
Mexico has started a number of efforts to develop adequate policy frameworks in several areas including the energy sector, transportation and industrial policies, and forestry and natural resources management. Its Climate Change Law and the National Strategy on Climate Change envision is changing the upward trend of its carbon dioxide emissions towards a total decline of emission of thirty percent by 2020, and fifty percent by 2050. Achieving these ambitious policy goals is challenging for the country and will require many distinct efforts to mainstream climate change in policy design. Careful economic analysis will be critical to effectively reduce emissions while allowing for sustainable development. The policy evaluated in the study is part of Mexico's policy framework to promote renewable energy. The Ministry of Energy in Mexico, SENER, has issued a Methodology to incorporate external costs of electricity generation. While external costs are not privative of fossil energy, the Mexican government has started this process by focusing on the external costs on health and climate change...

Toward a New Policy for Scientific and Technical Communication: the Case of Kyrgyz Republic

Djenchuraev, Nurlan
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/05/2004
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
The objective of this policy paper is to formulate a new policy in the field of scientific and technical information (STI) in Kyrgyz Republic in the light of emergence and rapid development of electronic scientific communication. The major problem with communication in science in the Republic is lack of adequate access to information by scientists. An equally serious problem is poor visibility of research conducted in Kyrgyzstan and, as consequence, negligible research impact on academic society globally. The paper proposes an integrated approach to formulation of a new STI policy based on a number of policy components: telecommunication networks, computerization, STI systems, legislation & standards, and education & trainings. Two alternatives were considered: electronic vs. paper-based scientific communication and development of the national STI system vs. cross-national virtual collaboration. The study results in suggesting a number of policy recommendations for identified stakeholders.; Comment: Policy Paper

Politics, Mass Media, and Policy Change: Recreational Water Rights in Colorado Communities

Crow, Deserai Anderson
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: 40347413 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em 02/04/2008 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46%
This study looks at the process of local policy change in environmental policy decisions. It employs a comparative case study research design to analyze the creation of a new recreational water right in Colorado to support whitewater boating. It compared the 12 communities that have applied for the new water right to 6 non-adopter communities. Factors including stakeholder groups, citizens, policy entrepreneurs, mass media, policy knowledge, policy timing, and politicians' motivations are analyzed to determine their role in local policy decisions. This research also considers how policy change in local communities promoted new state laws, and was in turn influenced by them. The dataset includes interviews with 75 Colorado water experts and community decision makers, mass media coverage of the policy process, and legal and legislative documentation of the process. These data were then analyzed within cases and across cases to create a model of community policy change. This research found that three elements were present when a community's policies changed regarding the use of natural resources. First, the community was dependent on the resource, either economically or socially. Second, a policy entrepreneur was present to influence the community's decision makers to enact a new policy regarding natural resource use. These policy entrepreneurs were most often experts in water law or management. Finally...

Proposal for New "Policy on Policies" (POP) PPT presented 11-01-2012 and Background Documents

Martin, Kathleen (Director, Univ. Policy Review and Development); Provenzano, Sue (Assistant VP for Academic Affairs); Policy Review Taskforce
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.86%
Proposal for New "Policy on Policies" PPt Presentation to AS on 11-01-2012 and Background Documents

A nova política de pós-graduação no Brasil; The new policy of post-graduation in Brazil

Arruda, Maria Arminda do Nascimento
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/1999 POR
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55.79%
O artigo trata da política de avaliação da Pós-Graduação no Brasil construída em 1998. Aponta para as diferenças em relação à sistemática anterior e retira as implicações resultantes do novo modelo. Chama a atenção para o caráter funcional da avaliação, para os seus desdobramentos no âmbito da produção intelectual, da formação dos estudantes e dos princípios que passaram a nortear os estudos pós-graduados.; This article deals with the policy of evaluation of the post-graduation in Brazil built in 1998. It points the differences in the previous systematic and comes up with the resulting implications of the new model. It also calls the attention to the functional feature of the evaluation, to its development in the ambit of the intellectual production, of the formation of the students and of the principles which outlined the post-graduation studies.