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A presença da filosofia platônica na pedagogia do estado novo; The Presence of Platonic Philosophy in the New State Pedagogy

Silva, Tatiane da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/05/2013 PT
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O pensamento ocidental foi inaugurado por Platão, que deu início a certas formas peculiares de elaborar e solucionar problemas filosóficos, constituindo marcos discursivos que se encontram em pensadores de diversas áreas de conhecimento, tanto no campo político e social quanto educacional. Em pesquisas anteriores foram analisados os livros O estado autoritário e a realidade nacional de Azevedo Amaral (1938), O Estado Nacional de Francisco Campos (1941) e Tendências da educação brasileira de Lourenço Filho (1940), considerados responsáveis pela elaboração e difusão das bases teóricas da pedagogia que predominou durante o Estado Novo (1937-1945), constatando-se que esses autores buscavam apoio argumentativo em Platão. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar um reexame desses livros por meio da análise retórica fundamentada em Chaïm Perelman, visando investigar a presença de marcos discursivos platônicos em seus argumentos. O primeiro capítulo discorre sobre o uso da metáfora como técnica argumentativa, evidenciando que os autores estabelecem diretrizes previamente determinadas na definição das iniciativas políticas e educacionais do Estado Novo. O segundo capítulo focaliza a dissociação de noções, técnica utilizada pelos autores para argumentarem sobre a o predomínio do coletivo sobre o individual no regime estadonovista. O terceiro capítulo examina a técnica que vincula ato e pessoa...

Os intelectuais no Estado Novo (1937-1945) : a trajetória de Paulo Figueiredo e as Revistas Cultura Política e Oeste; Intellectuals in the New State (1937-1945): the trajectory of Paulo Figueiredo and Culture Magazines Policy and West

SCHWAB, Mariana de Castro
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em História; Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em História; Ciências Humanas
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Our overall aim in this dissertation is to develop an analysis based on some case studies on how was proceeded the formulation and dissemination of the ideology of a key moment of the history of Brazil: the New State (1937 - 1945). The historiographical development of this objective will be effected through an analysis of institutional practices from the center of power (National State) to the regional government of the State of Goiás, practices perceived through the journals Cultura Política (Rio de Janeiro) and Oeste (Goiânia ) and mediated with emphasis on a study of intellectual history focusing on institutional action of Paulo Augusto de Figueiredo. Through the path of Paulo de Figueiredo we historically realize how ideological connections between the federal capital and the center of the country have been organized in the process of consolidation of the New State; Nosso objetivo geral nesta dissertação é o de desenvolver uma análise com base em alguns estudos de caso sobre como era procedida a formulação e a divulgação ideológica de um dos momentos fundamentais da História do Brasil: o Estado Novo (1937 1945). O desenvolvimento historiográfico deste objetivo se efetivará por meio de uma análise das práticas institucionais do centro do poder (Estado Nacional) com o poder público regional do Estado de Goiás...

Issues of governance in Papua New Guinea: building roads and bridges

Hughes, Philip
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 368155 bytes; 362 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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This paper draws on the author’s recent experiences as Environmental and Social Specialist on an ADB road upgrading and maintenance project in four provinces along the Highlands Highway, as well as reports on numerous recent and ongoing road projects in several parts of the country. The emphasis is on the Highlands region, but all the evidence indicates that the issues canvassed here apply throughout Papua New Guinea. By and large villagers, townspeople, businessmen, bureaucrats and politicians throughout Papua New Guinea are keen to see new roads built and existing roads improved, or at least maintained properly. Despite this enthusiasm for roads, for a host of reasons broached in this paper it is becoming increasingly difficult to implement road and bridge construction and improvement works throughout the country. The issues are broadly those of governance, which, following UNDP (1997) I take to mean: ‘the exercise of political, economic and administrative authority to manage a nation’s affairs. It is the complex mechanisms, processes and institutions through which citizens and groups articulate their interests, exercise their legal rights and obligations and mediate their differences’. In the case of roads, the current situation is far from one of ‘good governance’...

Law, order and the state in Papua New Guinea

Dinnen, Sinclair
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 219143 bytes; 355 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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Law and order issues feature prominently in public debate in Papua New Guinea. Concerns centre around criminal violence and the limited effectiveness of state controls. High levels of interpersonal violence are apparent in the activities of criminal gangs (rascals), the tribal fighting occurring in parts of the Highlands, as well as in everyday gender relations throughout the country. The continuing escalation of disorder in many areas is indicative of the limitations of state authority in Papua New Guinea, most dramatically demonstrated in the bloody and unresolved secessionist conflict on Bougainville (May and Spriggs 1990; Spriggs and Denoon 1992). Burgeoning corruption among elements of the political and administrative elite provides another significant strand to current debate. Widespread concern with personal security manifests itself in the elaborate security precautions routinely adopted by individuals, households and businesses. National planners, on the other hand, have been preoccupied with the serious economic repercussions of law and order problems, notably their effects on investor confidence, as well as their impact on Papua New Guinea’s fledgling tourist industry. In 1993 the Asian Development Bank bluntly warned that Failure to secure an improvement in peace and order will have a major adverse impact on the performance of the economy over the next few years (The Saturday Independent...

Disorderly democracy: political turbulence and institutional reform in Papua New Guinea

May, Ron
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 201187 bytes; 373 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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Papua New Guinea is one of the few post-colonial states that has managed to maintain an unbroken record of democratic government. Parliamentary elections have been held regularly on schedule (the latest in June 2002), and although no government has lasted a full parliamentary term, every change of government has followed constitutional procedures. All changes of government (most of them by parliamentary votes of no confidence against the prime minister) have been accepted by both defeated members of parliament (MPs) and the general public. The judiciary has maintained its independence. Notwithstanding occasional tensions in relations between successive governments and elements within the Papua New Guinea Defence Force (PNGDF), Papua New Guinea has not experienced a military coup. The Freedom House index ranks Papua New Guinea as ‘free’. Yet despite this, both within Papua New Guinea and outside, commentators tend to portray Papua New Guinea as a country marked by political instability, if not chaos, with a state on the verge of collapse. In 1999, for example, Papua New Guinea’s first prime minister, in the context of debate about electoral reform, referred to the country’s National Parliament (of which he is still a member – and in 2002 again prime minister) as a house full of ‘rejects’...

Christianity, masculinity and gender violence in Papua New Guinea

Eves, Richard
Fonte: ANU College of Asia & the Pacific, School of International, Political and Strategic Studies; State, Society and Governance in Melanesia Program; http://ips.cap.anu.edu.au/ssgm/ Publicador: ANU College of Asia & the Pacific, School of International, Political and Strategic Studies; State, Society and Governance in Melanesia Program; http://ips.cap.anu.edu.au/ssgm/
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper; Working/Technical Paper Formato: 16 pages
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"In this paper, I consider some of the alternative ways of being a man that have emerged in Papua New Guinea. Specifically, I discuss the ways that some forms of Christianity are promoting more caring, responsible and non-violent forms of masculinity in Papua New Guinea. Considering Christianity’s huge influence there, together with the need to ground interventions in the local context, a good understanding of the nature of Papua New Guinean forms of Christianity, and how they impact on gender, is necessary for designing effective primary prevention initiatives. Though my focus here is on the specific case of Papua New Guinea, which I know best, many of my observations are almost certainly applicable to other countries in Melanesia and the wider Pacific, where Christianity is also highly influential..." - page 3; AusAID

Cultivating Christian civil society: fundamentalist Christianity, politics and governance in Papua New Guinea

Eves, Richard
Fonte: ANU Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, State, Society and Governance in Melanesia Program Publicador: ANU Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, State, Society and Governance in Melanesia Program
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 25 pages
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"I begin this discussion with a general introduction to Christianity in Papua New Guinea, particularly as it relates to broad issues of governance, electoral discourse and demands for reform. Then, as further background, I present my observations of the conduct of the most recent Papua New Guinea elections, taken largely from my situation in the Southern Highlands electorate of Kagua-Erave. The course of the election and the types of election messages people were presented with, together with their responses, offer considerable insight into their opinions of government and their approach to the question of governance. While this Discussion Paper canvasses a range of Christian approaches to electoral politics and the 2007 national election, my focus is especially on the fundamentalist Christian groups. These groups are increasing in influence throughout Papua New Guinea and contribute to a profound disenchantment with electoral politics and politics more generally, which militates against efforts to strengthen community demands for better governance ..." - page 2

Educação e fascismo no Brasil: a formação escolar da infância e o Estado Novo (1937- 1945); EDUCATION AND FASCISM IN BRAZIL: THE SCHOOLING OF CHILDHOOD AND THE NEW STATE (1937-1945); EDUCACIÓN Y EL FASCISMO EN EL BRASIL: ESCOLARIZACIÓN DE LA INFANCIA Y EL ESTADO NUEVO (1937-1945)

dos Santos, Ademir Valdir; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Brasil
Fonte: Instituto de Educação da Universidade do Minho Publicador: Instituto de Educação da Universidade do Minho
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2013 POR
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O Estado Novo foi o governo ditatorial liderado por Getúlio Vargas. Neste período a ação governamental foi caracterizada por buscar a formação de uma nacionalidade e identidade brasileiras. Neste estudo destacamos a orientação político-ideológica do Estado Novo que objetivou atingir as escolaselementares, especialmente nas áreas de imigração européia do sul do Brasil, gerando transformações pedagógicas. Analisamos edições de um jornal escolar intitulado Tudo pelo Brasil, elaboradas entre 1941 e 1944, e documentos da legislação educacional como relatórios de inspeção escolar eatas. Mostramos que os textos escritos pelas crianças da escola primária brasileira e transportados para o jornal escolar explicitam, através de sua forma e conteúdo, o ideário do regime político. Como atividade do currículo, o envolvimento infantil na elaboração do jornal poderia colaborar para aformação dos cidadãos de que necessitava o Brasil. No Estado Novo, a educação escolar se prestou à construção nacionalista idealizada pelo projeto fascista de Getúlio Vargas.Palavras-chaveEducação; Nacionalismo; Fascismo; Infância; Brasil; New State was the dictatorial government under Getúlio Vargas leadership. In this period the government action was characterized by reaching to build the Brazilian nationality and identity. This study evidences the ideological and political orientation of the New State that aims reach elementary schools...

Educação para o trabalho : os sindicatos amarelos e a pedagogia estadonovista; Education for the work: yelow unions and the pedagogy of the newstate

Giane Maria de Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/11/2006 PT
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Esta dissertação analisa a concatenação histórica entre surgimento do Sindicato dos Têxteis (1939) e o reconhecimento do Sindicato dos Mecânicos e Metalúrgicos (1942), no período do Estado Novo (1937-1945) em Joinville ? SC, como uma vertente do sindicalismo amarelo para a promoção da aquiescência social e educação dos trabalhadores. O escopo deste trabalho é evidenciar como se processou a cooptação ideológica dos trabalhadores, conduzida pelos sindicatos oficialmente coordenados e monitorados pelo Ministério da Indústria e Comércio (1931). Dentro de uma perspectiva materialista-histórica, pretende-se analisar os conceitos de educação e trabalho a partir das obras de Marx, Gramsci e Mészáros, buscando na apreensão ontológica da categoria trabalho o eixo central para a compreensão das relações sociais e práticas educativas que, em movimentos de representatividade dos trabalhadores nas organizações sindicais, possuem múltiplas determinações que constituem historicamente estruturas fundamentais para a manutenção ou superação das lutas de classes e da divisão social do trabalho. A investigação histórica remeteu-se ao levantamento documental das entidades sindicais para análise e demonstração das estratégias estadonovistas utilizadas para a inserção e propagação dos desígnios autoritários. Ao contrapor as fontes documentais com a implementação de políticas trabalhistas...

The development of the welfare state in Portugal. Trends in social expenditure between 1938 and 2003

Carolo, Daniel Fernando; Pereirinha, José António
Fonte: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Laureano Figuerola Publicador: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Laureano Figuerola
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Publicado em /12/2010 ENG
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This paper presents a data series on social expenditure in Portugal for the period 1938-2003. The series was built with the aim of identifying and characterizing the most significant phases in the process leading up to the current welfare state system in this country. The establishment of a social insurance (Prevideˆncia) in 1935 was one of the founding pillars of the Estado Novo (New State). Reforms to Social Welfare (Prevideˆncia Social) in 1962, while in the full throes of the New State, policy measures taken after the revolution of 1974 and a new orientation for social policy following the accession of Portugal to the European Economic Community (EEC) in the mid-1980s brought about significant transformations in the institutional organizational structure that provided welfare and conferred social rights in Portugal. To understand this process, knowledge is needed of the transformations to the institutional structures governing the organizations that provided welfare, welfare coverage in terms of the type of benefit and the population entitled to social risk protection, the magnitude of spending on benefits associated with these risks, as well as how benefits were allocated between the institutions. We built a data series for the period 1938-1980...

Superconducting Plate in Transverse Magnetic Field: New State

Batyev, E. G.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/06/2011
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A model to describe Cooper pairs near the transition point (on temperature and magnetic field), when the distance between them is big compared to their sizes, is proposed. A superconducting plate whose thickness is less than the pair size in the transverse magnetic field near the critical value $H_{c2}$ is considered as an application of the model. A new state that is energetically more favourable than that of Abrikosov vortex state within an interval near the transition point was obtained. The system's wave function in this state looks like that of Laughlin's having been used in fractional quantum Hall effect (naturally, in our case - for Cooper pairs as Bose-particles) and it corresponds to homogeneous incompressible liquid. The state energy is proportional to the first power of value $(1 - H/H_{c2})$, unlike the vortex state energy having this value squared. The interval of the new state existence is greater for dirty specimens.; Comment: 7 pages

Fermion condensate generates a new state of matter by making flat bands

Shaginyan, V. R.; Popov, K. G.; Khodel, V. A.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/11/2013
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Belyaev's ideas associated with the condensate state in Bose interacting systems have stimulated intensive studies of the possible manifestation of such a condensation in Fermi systems. In many Fermi systems and compounds at zero temperature a phase transition happens that leads to a quite specific state called fermion condensation. As a signal of such a fermion condensation quantum phase transition (FCQPT) serves unlimited increase of the effective mass of quasiparticles that determines the excitation spectrum and creates flat bands. We show that the class of Fermi liquids with the fermion condensate forms a new state of matter. We discuss the phase diagrams and the physical properties of systems located near that phase transition. It is demonstrated that a huge amount of experimental data collected on different compounds suggests that they, starting from some temperature and down, form the new state of matter, and are governed by the fermion condensation. Our discussion shows that the theory of fermion condensation develops completely good description of the NFL behavior of strongly correlated Fermi systems. Moreover, the fermion condensation can be considered as the universal reason for the NFL behavior observed in various HF metals...

Consecuencias de la sobrecarga del Estado y la globalización en la concepción del Estado de bienestar. Hacia un régimen de prestaciones sociales condicionadas

Inza Bartolomé, Amaia
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Article; info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 SPA
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El Estado de bienestar necesita el replanteamiento de las bases en las que se asienta, tanto por causa de la crisis de sobrecarga como por causa de la globalización. Estas razones han ayudado a las perspectivas que abogan por un modelo de Estado de bienestar alejado del keynesiano, que hace al ciudadano más responsable por la procura de su propio bienestar en un mundo regido por la competitividad económica. Valgan como ejemplo los modelos de Estado teorizados por Bob Jessop («Estado schumpeteriano de workfare»), Philip Cerny («Estado de competición»), Philip Bobbit («Estado de mercado») o Anthony Giddens («Estado social inversor»), en los cuales se somete la distribución de bienestar a las exigencias del mercado.; Welfare State needs the rethinking of the bases in which is settled due to its overload crisis as well as due to globalization. Those reasons have brought the arrival of new State concepts far from keynesian model, which make the citizens more responsible for their own wellbeing in a world ruled by economic competition. Models theorized by Bob Jessop («Schumpeterian Workfare State»), Philip Cerny («Competition State»), Philip Bobbit («Market State») or Anthony Giddens («Investor Social State»), could be seen as an example of how the welfare is submitted to market.

The state of exception as a rule - a historical-constitutional study of the “New State” (1937-1945); O estado de exceção como regra – Um estudo histórico-constitucional do Estado Novo (1937-1945)

Chambô, Pedro Luis
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/11/2013 POR
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This paper is about the period from 1937 to 1945, along the Getulio Vargas Government, in order to analyse, from a historical and constitional view, the legal institutes that have structured the establishment of a state of exception in Brazil.; Este estudo propõe-se a examinar o período de 1937 a 1945, do Governo Getúlio Vargas, com o objetivo de investigar, por meio de uma análise histórica e constitucional, os mecanismos jurídicos que permitiram a instauração de um Estado de Exceção permanente no País.

New-York State Convention of Colored Citizens, Troy, August 25-27, 1841; 1841, Troy, New York State Convention

New York State Convention of Colored Citizens (1841 : Troy, NY)
Fonte: New York, NY; Philadelphia, PA Publicador: New York, NY; Philadelphia, PA
Formato: Article
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The Colored Conventions Project, http://coloredconventions.org/; http://coloredconventions.org/

New York State Free Suffrage Convention, September 8, 1845; 1845 Geneva, New York State Convention

New York State Free Suffrage Convention (1845 : Geneva)
Fonte: New York, NY; Philadelphia, PA Publicador: New York, NY; Philadelphia, PA
Formato: Article
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The Colored Conventions Project, http://coloredconventions.org/; http://coloredconventions.org/

Proceedings of the Connecticut State Convention of Coloured Men, Held at New Haven, On the September 12th and 13th, 1849.; 1849 New Haven, Connecticut State Convention

Connecticut State Convention of Coloured Men (1849 : New Haven, CT)
Fonte: William H. Stanley, printer; New Haven, CT Publicador: William H. Stanley, printer; New Haven, CT
Formato: 24 p. ; 23 cm.; Pamphlet
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The Colored Conventions Project, http://coloredconventions.org/; http://coloredconventions.org/

A família na doutrina social da Igreja e na política social do Estado Novo; The family according to the church social doctrine and the social politics of the"New State"

Vilhena, Cynthia Pereira de Sousa
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/1992 POR
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No interior do universo mais amplo das relações entre a Igreja e o Estado na época do governo ditatorial de Getúlio Vargas, o artigo procura demonstrar a identificação de interesses entre essas duas instâncias de poder para o alcance de seus próprios fins, levando-se em conta como objeto de análise o problema da família e, por extensão, da mulher e da prole. A efetivação dos projetos do Estado Novo e da Igreja Católica estava sujeita, em larga medida, à manutenção da ordem e da estabilidade sociais por meio do disciplinamento da família, concebida como fundamento da sociedade.; Within the wider universe of relationships between the Catholic Church and the State during the Getulio Vargas dictatorship, the article intends to demonstrate the identification of interests between these two divisions of power for the fulfillment of their own aims, using as object of analysis the problem of the family and, as a consequence, of women and their children. The fulfillment of the"New State" and Catholic Church projects was subordinated, to a large extent, to the maintenance of social order and social stability, through the discipline of the family, conceived as the foundation of society.

Estado Novo e arquitetura: redes sociais e patrimônio cultural moderno em Portugal e no Brasil; New State and architecture: social networks and modern cultural heritage in Portugal and in Brazil

Ramos, Tânia Beisl
Fonte: Centro de Preservação Cultural. Pró-Reitoria de Cultura e Extensão - USP. Publicador: Centro de Preservação Cultural. Pró-Reitoria de Cultura e Extensão - USP.
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Avaliado pelos pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2011 POR
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Portugal e Brasil tiveram na década de 30 governos políticos autoritários com a designação comum de Estado Novo. Embora com especificidades próprias e durações distintas, interessa analisar as redes sociais estabelecidas entre arquitetura e Estado, durante os governos de Salazar e de Vargas. O artigo lança um olhar paralelo sobre estas relações, marcadas por avanços e recuos, que contribuíram para a formação dos respectivos patrimônios culturais modernos e identidades nacionais.; Portugal and Brazil had in the 30's authoritarians political governments that had the same designation: New State. Although the specific characteristics and different length, it is important to analyze the social networks established between architecture and State during the governments of Salazar and Vargas. The paper takes a parallel look on these relations, marked by advances and setbacks, which contributed to the construction of their modern cultural heritage and national identities.

Cinema educativo do fascismo e do Estado Novo em comparação; Cinema educational of fascism and the New State in comparison

Rosa, Cristina Souza da; Universitat de Barcelona
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/11/2012 POR
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7976.2012v19n27p55 Durante os anos de 1920 foram protagonizadas intensas discussões sobre o uso do cinema e as conclusões a que chegaram intelectuais, professores, médicos, católicos e advogados era que o cinema deveria ser utilizado para fins educativos. Tais debates levaram governos autoritários e capitalistas do mundo a investirem na produção de filmes educativos, com o fim de levar valores e ideias a jovens e crianças. O presente artigo faz uma comparação entre os institutos de cinema educativos do Fascismo e do Estado Novo com o objetivo de encontrar semelhanças e diferenças entre si.; During the 1920s the main characters were intense discussions on the use of cinema and the conclusion arrived by intellectuals, teachers, doctors, lawyers and Catholics was that the film should be used for educational purposes. These discussions led authoritarian governments and capitalists in the world to invest in the production of educational films for the purpose of carrying values and ideas to young and children. This article provides a comparison between the educational film institutes of Fascism and the New State in order to find similarities and differences.