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Tourism environmental attitudes in Berlengas Biosphere Reserve, Portugal

Santos, Nelson; Vasconcelos, João; Lopes, Maria Sofia; Mouga, Teresa
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Leiria Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Leiria
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /12/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.97%
Berlengas archipelago is located in the Atlantic Ocean, on the Portuguese continental shelf, on the western side of Iberian Peninsula. Berlengas is a marine reserve since 1981, a marine protected area since 1998 and, in 2011, it was included into the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR). As Berlengas is a relatively accessible archipelago from the west coast, it attracts all sorts of visitors during summer period. As a consequence, Berlengas has been facing a stronger demand for tourism activities each year that, in some cases, may conflict with the sustainable tourism principles desired for this kind of natural areas. The afflux of tourists is regulated by the management plan of the protected area, which defines a carrying capacity of 350 people daily but it is believed that this threshold is widely exceeded, by a factor of 2 or 3 during summer months. The delicate balance between the conservancy and human visitation can be obtained if tourism respects the natural values in Berlengas. Therefore, it is expected that the visitors of a biosphere reserve should demonstrate a high level of environmental concern and pro-ecological attitudes, especially those tourists who chose to visit such a location motivated by Berlengas’ worldwide recognized natural resources. In this work...

Changing attitudes, beliefs and feelings towards food in bulimic patients

ALVARENGA, Marle Samos; SCAGLIUSI, Fernanda Baeza; PHILIPPI, Sonia Tucunduva
Fonte: ARCHIVOS LATINOAMERICANOS NUTRICION Publicador: ARCHIVOS LATINOAMERICANOS NUTRICION
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
Eating attitudes are defined as beliefs. thoughts, feelings and behaviors towards food. Bulimia nervosa (BN) is ail eating disorder, in which the eating, attitudes are Seriously disturbed. Studies that evaluated nutritional aspects of BN focus mainly oil food intake, dietary restriction and binge eating. while the follow-up Studies evaluate mainly clinical symptoms. The objective of this study was to evaluate eating attitudes of patients with BN. during and after cognitive-behavioral intervention. Thirty nine (39) BN female patients received cognitive behavioral treatment with a Multidisciplinary team and had eating attitudes assessed by a questionnaire developed for this research. Frequencies of the attitudes assessed were compared at baseline. after 12 weeks and 24 weeks of treatment. After treatment, patients had less distorted beliefs about food, less guilty after eating ""forbidden"" foods and they felt more tranquil while caring outside home. Other negative behaviors, as dietary restriction, the desire of not cat, being angry when feeling hungry and using the food to relive stress. persisted. Eating attitudes of patients with BN are hard to be changed in a short-term. More attention to this disease`s component and new approaches to treatment are needed in order to have a better recovery.; The State of Sao Paulo Research Foundation - FAPESP[06/56850-9]; The State of Sao Paulo Research Foundation - FAPESP[07/59141-1]

"A construção de uma escala de atitudes frente ao álcool, ao alcoolismo e ao alcoolista: um estudo psicométrico" ; The Construction of a Scale of Attitudes towards Alcohol, alcoholism and the Alcoholic: a psychometric study.

Vargas, Divane de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/06/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.99%
Desenvolveu-se uma escala para medir atitudes de enfermeiros frente ao álcool, ao alcoolismo e ao alcoolista (EAFAAA). Trata-se de uma escala do tipo likert que teve como fundamentação teórica os pressupostos de Pasqualli (1999). Para a elaboração dos itens da escala numa etapa inicial, realizou-se entrevista semi-estruturada com 30 enfermeiros, e da análise destas entrevistas foi extraído um total de 225 itens. O total dos itens foi submetido a análise de seis juízes especialistas no assunto. Após a análise somente 165 permaneceram. A escala composta por 165 itens foi submetida a um estudo-piloto com o objetivo de verificar as características estatísticas da mesma, para isso o instrumento foi testado numa população de 144 estudantes de enfermagem do último ano, de duas faculdades privadas. De posse dos instrumentos respondidos pelos 144 sujeitos, criou-se um banco de dados no programa SPSS (Satatistical Package for the Social Sciences v.8 for Windows), através do qual procedeu-se à análise estatística do instrumento. A análise fatorial originou uma escala composta por 96 itens divididos em cinco fatores: Fator 1: O Alcoolista, o trabalhar e o relacionar-se com o mesmo; Fator 2: Etiologia; Fator 3: Doença; Fator 4: Repercussões decorrentes do uso/abuso do álcool e Fator 5: A Bebida alcoólica. A consistência interna foi de 0...

Atitudes, emoções e comportamento de compra: um estudo com consumidores de produtos de luxo ou sofisticados; Attitudes, emotions and behavior of purchase: a study with consumers of sophisticated products of luxury

Galhanone, Renata Fernandes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/08/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.01%
Poucas categorias de produtos e serviços são tão interessantes para os profissionais de marketing como os produtos de luxo. Esse interesse deriva da sua capacidade de corporificar significados sociais e individuais, bem como de sua carga simbólica e emocional. Admitindo que os objetos luxuosos expressem os desejos e emoções humanos, por meio deles pode-se conhecer um pouco dos valores, crenças e atitudes dos consumidores. Este trabalho tem por objetivo descrever aspectos do comportamento de consumidores brasileiros de produtos e/ou serviços de luxo ou sofisticados, em termos de atitudes, emoções e comportamento de consumo. Para atingir tal objetivo, partiu-se de um resumo dos conhecimentos teóricos já desenvolvidos sobre o tema, passando por aspectos de marketing específicos ao segmento e pelas descobertas de estudos empíricos sobre o comportamento dos consumidores com relação a produtos e serviços de luxo. Terminou-se com uma discussão sobre a proposta de valor das empresas atuantes no mercado do Novo Luxo. A segunda parte da dissertação compreende um estudo empírico quantitativo descritivo, com 290 consumidores brasileiros de marcas sofisticadas, visando a descrever suas atitudes, emoções e comportamento de consumo. O estudo de campo revelou a existência de três grupos com perfis diferenciados em termos de atitudes e crenças com respeito ao luxo. Os resultados também indicam que o consumo do luxo pode ser relacionado à tradição social...

Conhecimento e atitude dos médicos e enfermeiros do PSF de Piracicaba no atendimento de idosos demenciados; Knowledge and attitudes of physicians and nurses of PSF Piracicaba in the care of elderly people with dementia

Luís Fernando de Lima Nunes Barbosa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/03/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.97%
O aumento da longevidade da população tem sido acompanhado por uma epidemia silenciosa de demência e a Atenção Primária à Saúde precisa estar preparada para enfrentar este novo cenário. Este estudo tem por objetivo avaliar o conhecimento e a atitude dos médicos e enfermeiros do Programa Saúde da Família de Piracicaba-SP, no atendimento aos pacientes idosos demenciados. O teste Conhecimento da doença de Alzheimer - ADK (Alzheimer Knowledge Test) foi aplicado a todos os médicos (n = 26) e enfermeiros (n = 44) das Unidades do Programa Saúde da Família em um município do estado de São Paulo, Brasil. O questionário apresenta três eixos: I - epidemiológico (8 questões ), II - diagnóstico (5 questões) , e III - gerenciamento (7 questões).Também foram aplicados um questionário sobre atitude no atendimento aos pacientes com demência (10 questões utilizando níveis de concordância - Escala de Likert) e um questionário para avaliar o perfil sociodemográfico e profissional dos participantes da pesquisa (7 questões). A amostra foi composta por 70 pessoas (58 do gênero feminino), com idade variando entre 25 e 65 anos (média = 38,42 anos). O tempo de formado dos profissionais variou entre 7 meses e 38 anos (média = 12...

Attitudes and entrepreneurial intention of Portuguese secondary students

Vieira, Filipa Dionísio; Rodrigues, Cristina S.; Azevedo, José
Fonte: ACPI Publicador: ACPI
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /09/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
Entrepreneurship emerges as a key factor in job creation and is crucial for socioeconomic balance in the region or the country. Entrepreneurship is an effective alternative, either through the development of existing businesses or by creating new ones. It should also emphasize that the entrepreneurial ability of a society is a collective well that should be preserved and cultivated. The situation of global economic crisis has been reflected in the different economies, particularly in the declined of employment to unimaginable heights. In order to counteract this negative cycle, it becomes imperative to stimulate, maintain and cultivate an entrepreneurial attitude cross, from the youngest to the current managers, to promote the creation of new business and develop existing yet. Looking for answers about the policies and mechanisms available for the creation of new businesses and the existence of an entrepreneurial attitude in a given region are of vital importance in promoting entrepreneurship. Portugal has experienced troubled times, with marked destruction of jobs and businesses affected by the economic and financial crisis, as well as by restructuring undertaken by the government, especially after the financial rescue that Portugal was subjected. Faced with a strong future scenario of high unemployment...

Empreendedorismo e desenvolvimento regional: o caso “DNA Cascais”

Valente, Fernando; Dantas, José; Dominguinhos, Pedro
Fonte: Repositório Comum de Portugal Publicador: Repositório Comum de Portugal
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em 09/10/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
Comunicação apresentada no 14.º Workshop APDR – Empreendedorismo e Desenvolvimento Regional; Os conceitos de empreendedorismo e desenvolvimento regional são pouco consensuais, em termos académicos. Pretendemos, por isso, através da revisão da literatura, contribuir para a sua clarificação, escalpelizando, ainda, a sua interdependência. O objetivo central deste artigo é a descrição e análise do caso “DNA Cascais”, que coloca na prática a interligação entre o empreendedorismo e o desenvolvimento local, ao mesmo tempo que se discutem as razões porque se pode considerar um exemplo de boas práticas no plano nacional e até internacional. A DNA Cascais é uma agência de promoção e desenvolvimento do empreendedorismo em geral, dirigida ao concelho de Cascais, que incide particularmente no empreendedorismo jovem e no empreendedorismo social. No que respeita ao âmbito de atuação, além de todos os serviços de apoio conducentes à criação de empresas, importa realçar a educação para o empreendedorismo, incidindo sobre os jovens (a idade é crítica para a aquisição/alteração de valores) e sobre os professores. A sigla DNA (Desenvolvimento de Novas Atitudes) reflete o carácter multifacetado da sua intervenção remetendo não apenas para os resultados (criação de empresas)...

Two Signatures of Implicit Intergroup Attitudes: Developmental Invariance and Early Enculturation

Dunham, Yarrow; Chen, Eva E.; Banaji, Mahzarin R.
Fonte: SAGE Publications Publicador: SAGE Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.97%
Long traditions in the social sciences have emphasized the gradual internalization of intergroup attitudes and the putatively more basic tendency to prefer the groups to which one belongs. In four experiments (N = 883) spanning two cultures and two status groups within one of those cultures, we obtained new evidence that implicit intergroup attitudes emerge in young children in a form indistinguishable from adult attitudes. Strikingly, this invariance from childhood to adulthood holds for members of socially dominant majorities, who consistently favor their in-group, as well as for members of a disadvantaged minority, who, from the early moments of race-based categorization, do not show a preference for their in-group. Far from requiring a protracted period of internalization, implicit intergroup attitudes are characterized by early enculturation and developmental invariance.; Psychology

Changes in workplace expectations and attitudes towards the accounting profession for undergraduate accounting students and the effect it may have on job satisfaction.

McMurtrie, Tony
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.97%
This thesis reports the results of a study which examined the effects of university studies on the workplace expectations and attitudes of accounting students to public accounting. Previous research has suggested the expectations and attitudes have a significant effect on the levels of job satisfaction and employee experiences. This research also showed that job satisfaction can be a major influence on the decision to leave an employer. Employee turnover represents a major issue facing public accounting firms. Previous studies have provided a limited understanding of the role that universities play in shaping student expectations and preparing them for the reality of the workplace. This thesis provides additional understanding of these issues. Drawing on the “met expectations hypothesis” and the “accounting attitude scale,” a series of hypotheses were developed in this thesis. Data were collected through a survey that was administered to commencing and completing accounting student cohorts at two Australian universities, and to accountants recently employed in public accounting firms. Using factor analysis, previous studies identified three components that explained a significant amount of the variance in expectations studies: (1) comfort...

Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Older People: New Zealand Students Entering Health Professional Degrees

Stewart, J.; Giles, L.; Paterson, J.; Butler, S.
Fonte: Informa Healthcare Publicador: Informa Healthcare
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.99%
The knowledge and attitudes of health professionals towards older adults can have a significant impact on quality of health care. This study compared the knowledge of aging and attitudes towards older people held by students entering nursing, occupational therapy and physiotherapy education. Participants (n = 213) completed a questionnaire that consisted of the Kogan Scale concerning attitudes towards older people, Palmore's Facts on Aging Quiz Version 1 along with questions concerning social interaction with older people and demographic information. There were no differences in attitudinal scores or knowledge across the three student groups. This finding also held after controlling for age, gender, and prior work experience with older people. Analysis of the total sample in relation to the effect of social contact and age on knowledge and attitudes, indicated that those having more than monthly contact with older people had significantly less negative bias and less overall bias on the Facts on Aging Quiz. Similarly students 25 years and older had significantly higher attitudinal scores and greater positive bias on the Facts on Aging Quiz. An emphasis on innovative learning experiences that are introduced early in academic programmes may influence students' understanding...

Changing New Zealanders' attitudes to milk? / Carol Wham.

Wham, Carol
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 211202 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.98%
Investigates the relationship between consumer attitudes and the effects of TV advertising of milk in New Zealand, in light of the long-term decline in milk consumption.The findings indicate that, in order to reverse the decline in milk consumption, the milk industry must develop advertising strategies that have more relevance to consumers, and that further research is required in order to understand the relevance of milk in consumer lifestyles.; Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Adelaide, Dept. of Public Health, 2000?; Bibliography: leaves 259-280.; xx, 280 leaves : ill. : 30 cm.; Title page, contents and abstract only. The complete thesis in print form is available from the University Library.

A qualitative evaluation of the short and longer-term influences of a diabetes simulation upon medical undergraduates' attitudes

Chur-Hansen, A.; Vernon-Roberts, J.; Liston, M.; Green, L.; Harding, P.
Fonte: Australasian and New Zealand Association for Medical Education Publicador: Australasian and New Zealand Association for Medical Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
This study aimed to assess whether medical students' attitudes towards, and awareness about diabetes are influenced by a diabetes lifestyle simulation exercise, and whether any change might be long term. Eighty- one third year medical students undertook a two day exercise in which they monitored their blood glucose level (BGL), gave dummy injections of insulin and had to make responses to hypothetical scenarios of disordered diabetes control. Students recorded their subjective impressions in a persona journal. Three years later, a sample of these students was interviewed about the perceived impact of the exercise on their subsequent training and possible implications for future clinical practice. Content analysis of students' journals showed that their comments fell into five main themes; an understanding of the difficulty or otherwise with diet, blood glucose level monitoring, routine, and injecting insulin, and awareness of the impact of diabetes on life. Content analysis of interviews revealed that in the long-term students considered the simulation as useful in maintaining an awareness of what it might be like to have diabetes. Whilst the simulation was seen to increase empathy for patients, a lack of clinical experience and patient contact...

‘Out of the mouths of babes and innocents’..... children’s attitudes towards travellers

O'Keeffe, Brendan; O'Connor, Pat
Fonte: Oak Tree Press Publicador: Oak Tree Press
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.97%
peer-reviewed; This chapter looks at children’s attitudes towards Travellers. It focuses on children in fourth class in primary school (i.e. aged 9-11 years) since it is at this stage that they are likely to be aware of socially and culturally constructed differences, and most likely to reflect parental and community attitudes towards such groups. Racist attitudes are increasingly topical since, although Ireland remains one of the more racially and ethnically homogeneous societies in Europe, this situation is changing rapidly. The arrival of refugees, asylum seekers, guest-workers and others in the mid-1990s has added in a new way to the ethnic diversity of a country where, in 1996, just under 7% of the population were born outside Ireland (CSO, 1998). However, despite newspaper headlines referring to an ‘influx’ of asylum seekers, according to the Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform, Ireland received just 25,000 refugees and asylum seekers in 1999: among the smallest numerically and per capita in the EU. The anecdotal evidence of many of these recent arrivals suggests that racist attitudes and behaviour are prevalent here. At an individual level many have experienced verbal and sometimes physical attacks; organised opposition to them has been mounted by some communities; while their treatment by the State has been severely criticised by senior legal figures.

The transmission of work-related attitudes: a social learning analysis.

O'Shea, Deirdre; Kirrane, Melrona
Fonte: Emgerald Group Publishing Publicador: Emgerald Group Publishing
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
peer-reviewed; Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to focus on personal and social background factors as potential channels for the transmission of work related attitudes in young adults. The paper aims to examine the extent to which gender, parental job type, job status, and education, as well as school experience, influence the development of attitudes towards work and family life. Design/methodology/approach – The study comprised a quantitative (questionnaire based) survey with a sample of 782 final year undergraduate students attending various third level institutions in Ireland and the USA. Findings – The results indicated that individuals who had grown up in traditional mixed families had more positive attitudes towards balancing work and home roles than did those who had grown up in traditional single earner families. Father’s educational level also emerged as a significant factor in the career-family attitudes of the participants. Research limitations/implications – The results of this research indicate that young people have developed attitudes towards managing the work/family interface on entering the workforce, which they acquire through a social learning process. Limitations included the cross-sectional nature of the design and future longitudinal research is needed. Practical implications – Organizations and managers need to be aware of the well-developed attitudes of new entrants in order to address early issues of psychological contract and person-organizational fit...

Attitudes et pratiques d’éducatrices en milieux de garde au Québec à l’égard de l’alimentation des enfants

Bélanger, Marc
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
Contexte. De plus en plus d’enfants fréquentent les milieux de garde et y consomment leur repas. Les éducatrices présentes constituent des modèles dont les attitudes et les pratiques alimentaires peuvent contribuer au développement des habitudes alimentaires des enfants. Toutefois, peu d’études ont été menées sur le sujet. Objectifs. Décrire les attitudes et les stratégies d’éducatrices en milieux de garde au Québec à l’égard de l’alimentation des enfants et dégager les styles alimentaires dominants. Méthode. La collecte de données a eu lieu par sondage sur le site Web www.nospetitsmangeurs.org. À partir de 86 énoncés, la recherche a documenté les styles et pratiques alimentaires des éducatrices au moyen de huit mises en situation : mets principal non apprécié par l’éducatrice, aliment particulier non apprécié par un enfant, nouveau mets non désiré par les enfants, enfant difficile ne voulant pas manger, enfant qui n’a pas faim, fillette avec embonpoint, fillette de petit poids et enfant n’ayant pas terminé son repas. Analyse statistique. Des statistiques descriptives, des échelles de fiabilité et des corrélations ont été générées. Des tests de t pour échantillons appariés ont également été utilisés pour évaluer le degré relatif des styles alimentaires. Résultats. Au total...

Tecnologia e sociedade : relações de casualidade entre concepções e atitudes de graduandos do Estado de São Paulo; Technololgy and society : casuality relation between the conception and attitudes of the São Paulo State undergraduate students

Estefano Vizconde Veraszto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/04/2000 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.97%
Nos últimos anos o homem vem transformando o meio através da sua ação ao conceber e desenvolver novas tecnologias. De uma forma recíproca, as tecnologias emergentes modificam a sociedade, os hábitos e as formas como o homem se relaciona e adquire informações e conhecimento. Desta forma, este trabalho desenvolve um modelo de pesquisa com o objetivo de encontrar relações causais entre homem, sociedade, tecnologia e meio. Com esse modelo foi possível saber como a sociedade pode afetar as concepções que graduandos do estado de São Paulo têm acerca da tecnologia e também as suas crenças e expectativas em relação ao desenvolvimento tecnológico e o futuro do planeta. O modelo desenvolvido, bem como todas suas variações possíveis, foram testados através de Modelagem de Equações Estruturais (SEM) para mapear relações de causa e efeito entre as dimensões que denominamos de: dimensão social, concepções de tecnologia e atitudes e expectativas frente ao desenvolvimento tecnológico. A partir do modelo inicial a hipótese de pesquisa foi elaborada e confirmada estatisticamente. A análise mostrou que a sociedade exerce uma influência direta nas concepções e atitudes dos indivíduos pesquisados frente ao desenvolvimento tecnológico. Isso permitiu compreender melhor o que as pessoas pensam e sabem sobre tecnologia. E essa compreensão gerou subsídios e uma contribuição inicial para discussões futuras acerca de políticas públicas de educação...

The new culture of electronic publishing

Schirmbacher,Peter
Fonte: IBICT Publicador: IBICT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
Local conditions in the past often limited opportunities for scholarly exchange. But now these limits are gone and the global workplace has replaced them. It is important to react to these changes. Every academic department must now adopt new methods and rethink processes. Another is the intense national and international debate about open access to scholarly knowledge. The Open Access Initiative shows that a change is taking place in the communication process. This change is also important for service departments within research institutions. Libraries, computer centers and related units have to ask themselves how to react appropriately to the new conditions. What services must be changed or redeveloped, and in what quality and quantity should they be offered? This article focuses on changes in the scholarly publication process. It describes both technological changes and the changes needed in people's attitudes.

Development of a new instrument to assess AIDS-related attitudes among Spanish youngsters

Espada,José P.; Ballester,Rafael; Huedo-Medina,Tania B.; Secades-Villa,Roberto; Orgilés,Mireia; Martínez-Lorca,Manuela
Fonte: Anales de Psicología Publicador: Anales de Psicología
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
This paper aims to describe the psychometric properties of a new brief multidimensional scale to measure HIV/AIDS related attitudes for adolescents, the HIV Attitudes Scale (HIV-AS). Exploratory analysis aimed to find the theory-driven structure and to develop an empirically derived factor structure for HIV-AS, which was tested with a confirmatory factor analysis. Factorial invariance was studied across gender and age, and multigroup structural equation approach was used in order to compare the groups. Reliability, convergent and discnmmant validity were examined. The analyses were based on a sample of 1216 Spanish adolescents. The instrument consists of 12 items distributed across four major factors: 1) Attitudes towards safe sex when there are obstacles, 2) Attitudes towards the HIV test, 3) Attitudes towards condom use, and 4) Attitudes towards people living with the AIDS. The HIV-AS shows good validity and internal reliability and equivalent four-factor structure across gender and the three age groups studied. It can be consider as a capable and parsimonious self-report scale for assessing major aspects of HIV/AIDS-related attitudes for adolescents.

Changing attitudes of South Africans towards Italy and its people during the Second World War, 1939 to 1945

Delport,Anri
Fonte: Historia Publicador: Historia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
The emphasis of this article falls on South African wartime attitudes towards Italy structured around the differentiation in attitudes between the Union government; the domestic sphere; and the armed forces. On 11 June 1940 the Union issued a declaration of war in response to Italy's new belligerent status. Attitudes towards Italy were thus altered from "unofficial" to being an "official" enemy of the Union. Less than a month later, Union soldiers embarked on their first campaign in East Africa and later North Africa. In early 1942 the fighting moved across the Mediterranean to Italy. On 8 September 1943, Italy surrendered to the Allies thus shifting Italy's domestic position from enemy to liberator. Thereafter, South Africans fought alongside anti-fascist Italian partisans against German occupation thus altering their relationship to comrades. Although the war ended on 8 May 1945, many Italian POWs interned in South Africa still awaited repatriation. Some remained in the country or returned and made South Africa their new place of residence, taking advantage of South Africa's acceptance of Italian nationals. Similarly, some South Africans formerly held in European POW camps took Italian wives and adopted a new culture as a consequence of the war. This article illustrates the changing South African attitudes towards Italy during the different phases of the war as well as the variation in attitudes between different factions in South African society.

Changing attitudes, beliefs and feelings towards food in bulimic patients

Santos Alvarenga,Marle; Baeza Scagliusi,Fernanda; Tucunduva Philippi,Sonia
Fonte: Sociedad Latinoamericana de Nutrición Publicador: Sociedad Latinoamericana de Nutrición
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2008 ES
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
Eating attitudes are defined as beliefs, thoughts, feelings and behaviors towards food. Bulimia nervosa (BN) is an eating disorder, in which the eating attitudes are seriously disturbed. Studies that evaluated nutritional aspects of BN focus mainly on food intake, dietary restriction and binge eating, while the follow-up studies evaluate mainly clinical symptoms. The objective of this study was to evaluate eating attitudes of patients with BN, during and after cognitive-behavioral intervention. Thirty nine (39) BN female patients received cognitive behavioral treatment with a multidisciplinary team and had eating attitudes assessed by a questionnaire developed for this research. Frequencies of the attitudes assessed were compared at baseline, after 12 weeks and 24 weeks of treatment. After treatment, patients had less distorted beliefs about food, less guilty after eating “forbidden” foods and they felt more tranquil while eating outside home. Other negative behaviors, as dietary restriction, the desire of not eat, being angry when feeling hungry and using the food to relive stress, persisted. Eating attitudes of patients with BN are hard to be changed in a short-term. More attention to this disease’s component and new approaches to treatment are needed in order to have a better recovery.