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Atenção, memória e funções executivas em crianças e adolescentes de 6 a 12 anos avaliados pelo CANTAB; Attention, memory and executive functions in children and teenagers between 6 to 12 years old evaluated by CANTAB

Roque, Daniela Tsubota
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/06/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.26%
A neuropsicologia infantil e uma area distinta dentro da neuropsicologia clinica e o seu surgimento e uma consequencia do reconhecimento de que as relacoes cerebrocomportamento na crianca diferem significativamente dessas relacoes no adulto. Diversos testes neuropsicologicos tem sido desenvolvidos especialmente para administracao em computador, incluindo a bateria CANTAB que tem sido amplamente utilizada em pesquisas com diferentes grupos de idade e patologias. Em relacao ao desenvolvimento, alguns aspectos da atencao estao presentes no inicio da infancia enquanto outros continuam a se desenvolver ao longo da infancia e adolescencia. A memoria sofre inumeras alteracoes ao longo da vida, especialmente na idade pre-escolar. E as funcoes executivas demoram mais tempo para se desenvolver por completo e estudos apontam que alguns componentes ja estao presentes de forma imatura em criancas entre os 6 e 12 anos de idade, mas a completa maturacao acontece com a idade. O objetivo dessa pesquisa foi investigar o desenvolvimento da atencao, memoria e funcoes executivas em criancas e adolescentes dos 6 aos 12 anos de idade com o CANTAB, buscando padroes especificos de desenvolvimento para os componente dessas funcoes. Foram avaliados 85 criancas e adolescentes (43 masculino) entre 6 e 12 anos de idade...

Reabilitação neuropsicológica pediátrica

Santos, Flávia Heloísa dos
Fonte: Conselho Federal de Psicologia Publicador: Conselho Federal de Psicologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 450-461
POR
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A neuropsicologia investiga a expressão comportamental das disfunções cerebrais, isto é, a interação entre estruturas cerebrais preservadas e prejudicadas e as funções cognitivas, tais como linguagem, memória, atenção e outras. A neuropsicologia pediátrica possui especificidades: maturação, estratégias cognitivas, ensino formal e cultura, e características intrínsecas à reorganização cerebral. O objetivo da reabilitação neuropsicológica é estabelecer estratégias para adaptação de funções cognitivas afetadas em relação às demandas do ambiente da criança. A reabilitação cognitiva pediátrica auxilia crianças com deficiência mental, epilepsia, traumatismo craniencefálico, síndromes autísticas, tumores cerebrais, paralisia cerebral, etc. Programas de reabilitação neuropsicológica podem ser voltados para dificuldades acadêmicas ou para funções cognitivas. A investigação da efetividade de programas de reabilitação depende de diversos fatores. O neuropsicólogo deve contribuir para o desenvolvimento de novas estratégias de reabilitação cognitiva, ser qualificado para o uso das mesmas e partilhar, com a equipe interdisciplinar, as técnicas e experiências efetivas.; Neuropsychology investigates behavioural expression of cerebral dysfunctions...

Neuropsychology of the Deficit Syndrome: New Data and Meta-analysis of Findings To Date

Cohen, Alex S.; Saperstein, Alice M.; Gold, James M.; Kirkpatrick, Brian; Carpenter, William T.; Buchanan, Robert W.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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The deficit syndrome is thought to characterize a pathophysiologically distinct subgroup of patients with schizophrenia. Supporting this notion, prior research examining the neuropsychological correlates of the deficit syndrome has suggested the presence of a differential impairment in frontal and parietal functions. This article reports findings from 2 studies attempting to replicate and extend previous reports of a differential neuropsychological impairment in deficit schizophrenia. In the first study, we administered a comprehensive neuropsychological battery to 20 deficit and 25 nondeficit patients with schizophrenia and 25 normal healthy controls. In the second study, a meta-analysis was conducted of 13 separate studies examining the neuropsychology of the deficit syndrome. There was little evidence from either of the present studies that the deficit syndrome is associated with a selective impairment in frontal and parietal lobe functions. The first study failed to find significant differences in frontal or parietal abilities for deficit vs nondeficit patients. The meta-analytic findings revealed that deficit patients were globally more neuropsychologically impaired than nondeficit patients (effect size [ES] = 0.41). Relative to nondeficit patients...

Cognitive Neuropsychology of HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders

Woods, Steven Paul; Moore, David J.; Weber, Erica; Grant, Igor
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Advances in the treatment of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have dramatically improved survival rates over the past 10 years, but HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) remain highly prevalent and continue to represent a significant public health problem. This review provides an update on the nature, extent, and diagnosis of HAND. Particular emphasis is placed on critically evaluating research within the realm of cognitive neuropsychology that aims to elucidate the component processes of HAND across the domains of executive functions, motor skills, speeded information processing, episodic memory, attention/working memory, language, and visuoperception. In addition to clarifying the cognitive mechanisms of HAND (e.g., impaired cognitive control), the cognitive neuropsychology approach may enhance the ecological validity of neuroAIDS research and inform the development of much needed novel, targeted cognitive and behavioral therapies.

Case Series in Cognitive Neuropsychology: Promise, Perils and Proper Perspective

Rapp, Brenda
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2011 EN
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Schwartz & Dell (2010) advocated for a major role for case series investigations in cognitive neuropsychology. They defined the key features of this approach and presented a number of arguments and examples illustrating the benefits of case series studies and their contribution to computational cognitive neuropsychology. In the Special Issue on “Case Series in Cognitive Neuropsychology” there are six commentaries on Schwartz and Dell (2010) as well as a response to the six commentaries by Dell and Schwartz. In this paper, I provide a brief summary of the key points made in Schwartz and Dell (2010) and I review the promise and perils of case series design as revealed by the six commentaries. I conclude by placing the set of papers within a broader perspective, providing some clarification of the historical record on case series and single case approaches, raising some cautionary notes for case series studies and situating both case series and single case approaches within the larger context of theory development in the cognitive sciences.

Computerized Neuropsychological Assessment Devices: Joint Position Paper of the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology and the National Academy of Neuropsychology†

Bauer, Russell M.; Iverson, Grant L.; Cernich, Alison N.; Binder, Laurence M.; Ruff, Ronald M.; Naugle, Richard I.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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This joint position paper of the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology and the National Academy of Neuropsychology sets forth our position on appropriate standards and conventions for computerized neuropsychological assessment devices (CNADs). In this paper, we first define CNADs and distinguish them from examiner-administered neuropsychological instruments. We then set forth position statements on eight key issues relevant to the development and use of CNADs in the healthcare setting. These statements address (a) device marketing and performance claims made by developers of CNADs; (b) issues involved in appropriate end-users for administration and interpretation of CNADs; (c) technical (hardware/software/firmware) issues; (d) privacy, data security, identity verification, and testing environment; (e) psychometric development issues, especially reliability, and validity; (f) cultural, experiential, and disability factors affecting examinee interaction with CNADs; (g) use of computerized testing and reporting services; and (h) the need for checks on response validity and effort in the CNAD environment. This paper is intended to provide guidance for test developers and users of CNADs that will promote accurate and appropriate use of computerized tests in a way that maximizes clinical utility and minimizes risks of misuse. The positions taken in this paper are put forth with an eye toward balancing the need to make validated CNADs accessible to otherwise underserved patients with the need to ensure that such tests are developed and utilized competently...

Brain Evolution and Human Neuropsychology: The Inferential Brain Hypothesis

Koscik, Timothy R.; Tranel, Daniel
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Collaboration between human neuropsychology and comparative neuroscience has generated invaluable contributions to our understanding of human brain evolution and function. Further cross-talk between these disciplines has the potential to continue to revolutionize these fields. Modern neuroimaging methods could be applied in a comparative context, yielding exciting new data with the potential of providing insight into brain evolution. Conversely, incorporating an evolutionary base into the theoretical perspectives from which we approach human neuropsychology could lead to novel hypotheses and testable predictions. In the spirit of these objectives, we present here a new theoretical proposal, the Inferential Brain Hypothesis, whereby the human brain is thought to be characterized by a shift from perceptual processing to inferential computation, particularly within the social realm. This shift is believed to be a driving force for the evolution of the large human cortex.

WOMEN AND ADVANCEMENT IN NEUROPSYCHOLOGY:REAL-LIFE LESSONS LEARNED

Hilsabeck, Robin C.; Martin, Eileen M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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The number of women in neuropsychology has been increasing over the past 20 years while the number of women in senior and leadership positions within neuropsychology has not. The field of neuropsychology has much to gain by facilitating the advancement of women into leadership roles, including access to some of the brightest and creative minds in the field. The purpose of this article is to offer practical advice about how to overcome barriers and advance within neuropsychology. Suggestions for professional organizations, women, and mentors of women are provided that will likely benefit trainees and junior colleagues regardless of their gender.

Computerized Neuropsychological Assessment Devices: Joint Position Paper of the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology and the National Academy of Neuropsychology†

Bauer, Russell M.; Iverson, Grant L.; Cernich, Alison N.; Binder, Laurence M.; Ruff, Ronald M.; Naugle, Richard I.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.26%
This joint position paper of the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology and the National Academy of Neuropsychology sets forth our position on appropriate standards and conventions for computerized neuropsychological assessment devices (CNADs). In this paper, we first define CNADs and distinguish them from examiner-administered neuropsychological instruments. We then set forth position statements on eight key issues relevant to the development and use of CNADs in the healthcare setting. These statements address (a) device marketing and performance claims made by developers of CNADs; (b) issues involved in appropriate end-users for administration and interpretation of CNADs; (c) technical (hardware/software/firmware) issues; (d) privacy, data security, identity verification, and testing environment; (e) psychometric development issues, especially reliability and validity; (f) cultural, experiential, and disability factors affecting examinee interaction with CNADs; (g) use of computerized testing and reporting services; and (h) the need for checks on response validity and effort in the CNAD environment. This paper is intended to provide guidance for test developers and users of CNADs that will promote accurate and appropriate use of computerized tests in a way that maximizes clinical utility and minimizes risks of misuse. The positions taken in this paper are put forth with an eye toward balancing the need to make validated CNADs accessible to otherwise underserved patients with the need to ensure that such tests are developed and utilized competently...

Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Concept and Diagnostic Entity in Need of Input from Neuropsychology

Bondi, Mark W.; Smith, Glenn E.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This virtual issue consists of studies previously published in the Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society and selected on the basis of their content related to one of the most highly researched concepts in behavioral neurology and neuropsychology over the past decade: mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The reliance on cognitive screening measures, staging-based rating scales, and limited neuropsychological testing in diagnosing MCI across most research studies may miss individuals with subtle cognitive declines or mis-diagnose MCI in those who are otherwise cognitively normal on a broader neuropsychological battery of tests. The assembled articles highlight the perils of relying on these conventional criteria for MCI diagnosis and reveal how the reliability of diagnosis is improved when sound neuropsychological approaches are adopted. When these requirements are met, we illustrate with a second series of articles that neuropsychological measures associate strongly with biomarkers and often reflect pathology beyond or instead of typical AD distributions. The final set of articles reveal that people with MCI demonstrate mild but identifiable functional difficulties, and a challenge for neuropsychology is how to incorporate this information to better define MCI and distinguish it from early dementia. Neuropsychology is uniquely positioned to improve upon the state of the science in MCI research and practice by providing critically important empirical information on the specific cognitive domains affected by the predominant neurodegenerative disorders of late life as well as on the diagnostic decision-making strategies used in studies. When such efforts to more comprehensively assess neuropsychological functions are undertaken...

Is Cognitive Neuropsychology Plausible? The Perils of Sitting on a One-Legged Stool

Kosslyn, Stephen Michael; Intriligator, James M.
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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We distinguish between strong and weak cognitive neuropsychology, with the former attempting to provide direct insights into the nature of information processing and the latter having the more modest goal of providing constraints on such theories. We argue that strong cognitive neuropsychology, although possible, is unlikely to succeed and that researchers will fare better by combining behavioral, computational, and neural investigations. Arguments offered by Caramazza (1992) in defense of strong neuropsychology are analyzed, and examples are offered to illustrate the power of alternative points of view.; Psychology

La simulación de disfunción neurocognitiva en el campo de la neuropsicología forense. Aproximaciones teóricas/ Malingering neurocognitive dysfunction in the field of forensic neuropsychology. Theoretical approximations

Isabel Cristina Puerta Lopera; Universidad del Norte; Juan Diego Betancur Arias; Universidad del Norte; Jorge Alfredo Herrera Pino; Universidad del Norte
Fonte: Psicología desde el Caribe Publicador: Psicología desde el Caribe
Tipo: article; publishedVersion
SPA
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ResumenSe presenta una revisión teórica de aspectos cruciales en el peritaje neuropsicológico que permita evaluar y detectar la posible Simulación de Disfunción Neurocognitiva (SDN) en ambientes jurídicos-legales.En los últimos años la neuropsicología ha aportado un gran número de estudios relacionados con la exageración o desproporción de síntomas cognitivos motivados por incentivos externos y este conocimiento brindará la oportunidad de una actuación relevante de los neuropsicólogos en el Sistema Penal Acusatorio colombiano, de tal manera que se pueda contribuir con la administración de la justicia con aportes científicos y claramente delimitados en el campo de la neuropsicología forense (Doerr & Carlin, 1991), de acuerdo con los criterios diagnósticos establecidos para la detección de la simulación contemplados en el Manual de Diagnóstico y Estadística de los Trastornos Mentales-IV (APA, 1994) y por Slick, Sherman e Iverson (1999).AbstractIn this article, a revision of the fundamental theoretical issues in neuropsychological expert witness participation are explored with particular emphasis on the evaluation and detection of possibleMalingering Neurocognitive Dysfunction (MND) in forensic settings. Within the past few years...

Contribution from neuropsychology to the study of semantic memory; Contribución desde la neuropsicología al estudio de la memoria semántica

Vivas, Leticia; García García, Ricardo
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/01/2011 SPA
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Semantic memory has been studied from various fields. The first models emerged from cognitive psychology from the hand of the division proposed by Tulving between semantic and episodic memory. Over the past thirty years there have been parallel developments in the fields of psycholinguistics, cognitive psychology and cognitive neuropsychology. The present work is to review the contributions that have emerged within the neuropsychology to the study of semantic memory and to present an updated overview of the points of consensus. First, it is defined the term "semantics" conceptually within the field of neuropsychology. Then, there is a dichotomy that passes through both psychological and neuropsychological models on semantic memory: the existence of modals versus amodal representations. Third, there are  developed the main theoretical models in neuropsychology that emerged in an attempt to explain categoryspecific semantic deficits. Finally, more robust contributions and points that still generate some discussion are reviewed.; La memoria semántica ha sido estudiada desde diversos campos. Los primeros modelos surgieron desde la psicología cognitiva de la mano de la división propuesta por Tulving entre memoria semántica y episódica. En los últimos treinta años se han producido desarrollos en paralelo en los campos de la psicolingüística...

Is Cognitive Neuropsychology Possible?

Caramazza, Alfonso
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.51%
Cognitive neuropsychology's domain of inquiry concerns the structure of normal perceptual, motor, and cognitive processes. As such, it constitutes a branch of cognitive science. Cognitive neuropsychology differs from other branches of cognitive science only by the type of observation that it uses in developing and evaluating theories of normal cognition. The data used in cognitive neuropsychology are the patterns of performance produced by brain-damaged subjects. Because the basic data used in cognitive neuropsychology are the result of a biological manipulation—a brain lesion—these data will be relevant to claims about the functional organization of the brain. Hence, cognitive neuropsychology may also be considered to be a branch of cognitive neuroscience. However, in this paper I will be concerned with an assessment of research programs whose principal or only aim is to constrain theories of normal cognitive functioning through the analysis of acquired disorders of cognition. Following a brief discussion of the basic assumptions that motivate cognitive neuropsychological research, I consider Kosslyn and Van Kleeks (1990) claim that the study of brain-damaged subjects for the purpose of constraining theories of normal cognitive processing cannot lead to meaningful conclusions unless the theories are directly cast in terms of anatomical and physiological facts. I argue that these authors conflated criticisms that may apply to any empirical science with criticisms that may apply specifically to cognitive neuropsychology. Separate consideration of the criticisms specific to cognitive neuropsychology reveals that these are unfounded. The main point of this discussion is to emphasize the pragmatic character of the motivation for using impaired performance to constrain theories of normal cognition. The usefulness of cognitive neuropsychological research is illustrated through specific examples.; Psychology

Beyond the Numbers: Expanding the Boundaries of Neuropsychology†

Perry, William
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Beyond the Numbers: Expanding the Boundaries of Neuropsychology was Dr Perry's 2007 presidential address in the annual conference of the National Academy of Neuropsychology. In his address he discussed the achievements of the science of neuropsychology and highlighted some areas that exemplified the expansion of the boundaries of neuropsychology. These areas are: (i) the study of neuropsychological functioning in new or non-traditional populations, particularly seemingly healthy people and people with non-brain diseases; (ii) the interface of cognition and genetics; (iii) the use of the process approach as a means of understanding brain functioning; and (iv) a translational application to the science of neuropsychology.

History of Neuropsychology Through Epilepsy Eyes

Loring, David W.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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27.26%
In the 19th century, Hughlings Jackson relied on clinical history, seizure semiology, and the neurologic examination as methods for seizure localization to inform the first epilepsy surgeries. In the 20th century, psychological and neuropsychological tests were first employed as both diagnostic and prognostic measures. The contemporary practice of epilepsy evaluation and management includes neuropsychology as a critical component of epilepsy care and research, and epilepsy and neuropsychology have enjoyed a very special and synergistic relationship. This paper reviews how epilepsy has shaped the practice of neuropsychology as a clinical service by asking critical questions that only neuropsychologists were in a position to answer, and how clinical care of epilepsy patients has been significantly improved based on neuropsychology's unique contributions.

Neuropsychology in experimental research: Mercury intoxication as an example of application; La neuropsychologie en recherche experimental: l'intoxication par mercure comme un exemple d'application; A aplicação da neuropsicologia na pesquisa experimental: o exemplo da intoxicação por vapor de mercúrio

Taub, Anita; Zachi, Elaine Cristina; Teixeira, Rosani Aparecida Antunes; Faria, Marcília da Araújo Medrado; Ventura, Dora Fix
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2006 POR
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Le dévelopment de la neuropsychologie a accompagné l'étude du cerveau dès ces plus anciens régistres. La science neuropsychologique s'utilise des mésures quantitatives de performance et des téchnologies pour la production de neuroimage, qui permettent l'observation des relations cerveau-comportement. Sur le champ experimental, la neuropsychologie a revelé des résultats dans les investigations des alterations cognitives, psychomotrices, ou comportamentales associés aux patologies génétiques ou acquises. Dans cet article on abordera les aspects historiques de la neuropsychologie experimental. Aussi on presentera les principaux résultats d'un étude référant aux altérations neuropsychologiques des pacients avec une histoire d'intoxication de vapeur de mercure présent après des années d'exposition au même.; O desenvolvimento da neuropsicologia acompanhou a evolução do estudo do cérebro desde os registros mais antigos. A ciência neuropsicológica faz uso de medidas quantitativas de desempenho e tecnologias para produção de neuroimagem que, em conjunto, permitem a observação das relações cérebro-comportamento. No âmbito experimental, a neuropsicologia tem revelado novos conhecimentos na investigação de alterações cognitivas...

Neuropsychological Assessment and Rehabilitation: Historical Development and Current Perspectives; Avaliação e Reabilitação Neuropsicológica: Desenvolvimento Histórico e Perspectivas Atuais

Hamdan, Amer Cavalheiro; Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR; de Pereira, Ana Paula Almeida; Riechi, Tatiana Izabele Jaworski de Sá
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/12/2011 POR
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The present paper aimed to briefly present a historical view of Neuropsychology and later, to propose research topics in Brazil. Neuropsychology history encompassed at least three major themes: the cardiac hypothesis versus the brain hypothesis, localizationism versus holism and functionalism versus cognitivism. These themes influenced research in neuropsychology and based current practice. Furthermore, two important aspects of neuropsychology are discussed: neuropsychological assessment in different age groups and neuropsychological rehabilitation. Major topics involved on the study of the differences in brain functioning through life span are briefly presented and their role in building evidence-based practice and in supporting theoretical models is showed. Finally, several difficulties found in adapting neuropsychological rehabilitation to the Brazilian context are discussed. Keywords: neuropsychology; neuropsychological assessment; neuropsychological rehabilitation.;  Este artigo tem por objetivo, a partir da compreensão histórica de como o campo da Neuropsicologia se constituiu, propor diretrizes para a pesquisa em avaliação e a reabilitação neuropsicológica no Brasil. A história da Neuropsicologia é apresentada através de três grandes temáticas: hipótese cardíaca versus hipótese cerebral...

Atuação neuropsicológica em centro de neurologia pediátrica: um projeto de extensão universitária; Neuropsychologycal intervention in pediatric neurology centre: a project of extension’s university

Riechi, Tatiana Izabele Jaworski de Sá; Ambrózio, Carolina Ribeiro
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/04/2005 POR
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 O presente artigo tem como objetivo relatar uma experiência profissional na área da Psicologia Hospitalar com um enfoque neuropsicológico, que ocorre através de um projeto de extensão universitária. Tal projeto intitulado “Atuação neuropsicológica em Centro de Neurologia Pediátrica”, consiste na implantação do serviço de neuropsicologia pelo Laboratório de Neuropsicologia do Departamento de Psicologia da UFPR dentro do Centro de Neuropediatria do Hospital de Clínicas da UFPR (CENEP-HC). O principal objetivo do projeto é proporcionar à população atendida neste centro médico, um serviço de neuropsicologia de qualidade, bem como desenvolver e divulgar trabalhos desenvolvidos na área da neuropsicologia. O trabalho desenvolve-se através da avaliação e intervenção neuropsicológica de pacientes portadores de diversos comprometimentos neurológicos, provenientes de diversas etiologias. Tais procedimentos têm como propósito auxiliar na avaliação diagnóstica dos pacientes, possibilitar um atendimento neuropsicológico e encaminhar corretamente pacientes para outros profissionais. Tais objetivos são alcançados através de visitas ambulatoriais...

When the words are missing - a cognitive analysis of silence in psychoanalysis; Quand les mots viennent à manquer- l' analyse cognitive du silence en psychanalyse; Quando as palavras faltam - uma análise cognitiva do silêncio em psicanálise

Widlöcher, Daniel; Université Pierre et Marie Curie
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Descritivo Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2004 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The neuropsychology of the aphasia keeps on making us discover some new functional dissociation liable to alter the language functions (Shallice, 1988). This way, it contributes to our knowledge of the mechanisms, which regulate these functions. In this sense, neuropsychology fits perfectly the main stream of the psychopathologic undertaking. Here - and this is precisely a fact that might surprise us – the way of communication suitable to the psychoanalytical situation can be compared to that one. At least, this is what I will try to demonstrate, having, as a starting point, a kind of absence of words, apparently very different from the aphasia, but that, from a certain point of view, can be faced as the expression of a functional dissociation of the language. This point of view will apply the theoretical frames come from the cognitive analyses of the pragmatics of communication to the observation of the psychoanalytical communication. (Fodor, 1987; Sperber et Wilson, 1989).; La neuro-psychologie des aphasies continue de nous faire découvrir de nouvelles dissociations fonctionnelles susceptibles d'altérer les fonctions du langage (Shallice, 1988). Elle ne manque pas de contribuer ainsi à notre connaissance des mécanismes qui régulent ces fonctions. En ce sens...