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Citizenship in a post-colonial context : comparing Portugal and the Netherlands

Jerónimo, Patrícia; Vink, Maarten Peter
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 ENG
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This paper analyses citizenship and migration regimes in a postcolonial context and presents a focused comparison of the experiences in Portugal and the Netherlands. While colonial regimes in both cases were largely exclusionary, and only towards the end of the regimes hesitantly extended citizenship to the native population, the postcolonial experiences display significant differences. While Portugal is more nostalgic about the colonial affair, cherishing the idea of cultural ties within a Lusophone community, the change was more abrupt in the Netherlands, after an initial transition period. The comparison in this paper highlights how these two countries dealt with the loss of empire.

The effects of international trade on economic growth: an empirical comparison between Portugal and the Netherlands

Antunes, António Jorge Soares Jesus
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 ENG
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A Dissertation presented in partial fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master in Economics / JEL Classification: F43, C32, O49; According to growth theory, trade flows are an important determinant of a country growth rate since they allow technological progress, which is a crucial factor in productivity and competiveness gains, fostering both economic performance and growth. The main goal of this Dissertation is to study the impact that international trade had on the economic growth of Portugal and the Netherlands in the period 1970-2010. Although both economies are small open economies the result registered is distinct. For Portugal both exports and imports play a significant role, as for the Netherlands only exports show a positive effect on GDP.; De acordo com a teoria do crescimento económico o comércio internacional desempenha um papel determinante na taxa de crescimento económico de cada país, porque permite a difusão de progresso tecnológico levando a ganhos de produtividade e competitividade, que por sua vez promovem tanto o desempenho económico como o crescimento económico. O propósito desta Dissertação é estudar o impacto do comércio internacional de Portugal e da Holanda sobre o seu crescimento económico entre 1970 e 2010. Apesar de ambas economias serem pequenas economias abertas o resultado obtido é diferente. Para Portugal tanto as exportações como as importações têm um papel crucial...

Two Decades of Research on Euthanasia from the Netherlands. What Have We Learnt and What Questions Remain?

Rietjens, Judith A. C.; van der Maas, Paul J.; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje D.; van Delden, Johannes J. M.; van der Heide, Agnes
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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36.53%
Two decades of research on euthanasia in the Netherlands have resulted into clear insights in the frequency and characteristics of euthanasia and other medical end-of-life decisions in the Netherlands. These empirical studies have contributed to the quality of the public debate, and to the regulating and public control of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. No slippery slope seems to have occurred. Physicians seem to adhere to the criteria for due care in the large majority of cases. Further, it has been shown that the majority of physicians think that the euthanasia Act has improved their legal certainty and contributes to the carefulness of life-terminating acts. In 2005, eighty percent of the euthanasia cases were reported to the review committees. Thus, the transparency envisaged by the Act still does not extend to all cases. Unreported cases almost all involve the use of opioids, and are not considered to be euthanasia by physicians. More education and debate is needed to disentangle in these situations which acts should be regarded as euthanasia and which should not. Medical end-of-life decision-making is a crucial part of end-of-life care. It should therefore be given continuous attention in health care policy and medical training. Systematic periodic research is crucial for enhancing our understanding of end-of-life care in modern medicine...

The first reported generation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells) and iPS cell-derived cardiomyocytes in the Netherlands

Freund, C.; Davis, R.P.; Gkatzis, K.; Ward-van Oostwaard, D.; Mummery, C.L.
Fonte: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum Publicador: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2010 EN
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One of the recent breakthroughs in stem cell research has been the reprogramming of human somatic cells to an embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like state (induced pluripotent stem cells, iPS cells). Similar to ESCs, iPS cells can differentiate into derivatives of the three germ layers, for example cardiomyocytes, pancreatic cells or neurons. This technique offers a new approach to investigating disease pathogenesis and to the development of novel therapies. It may now be possible to generate iPS cells from somatic cells of patients who suffer from vascular genetic diseases, such as hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). The iPS cells will have a similar genotype to that of the patient and can be differentiated in vitro into the cell type(s) that are affected in the patient. Thus they will serve as excellent models for a better understanding of mechanisms underlying the disease. This, together with the ability to test new drugs, could potentially lead to novel therapeutic concepts in the near future. Here we report the first derivation of three human iPS cell lines from two healthy individuals and one HHT patient in the Netherlands. The iPS cells resembled ESCs in morphology and expressed typical ESC markers. In vitro, iPS cells could be differentiated into cells of the three germ layers...

The Public Acceptance of Voluntary Childlessness in the Netherlands: from 20 to 90 per cent in 30 years

Noordhuizen, Suzanne; de Graaf, Paul; Sieben, Inge
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Within a relatively short period of 30 years, public acceptance of voluntary childlessness has increased enormously in the Netherlands. In this paper, we address two research questions, which we answer with data from 13 waves of the repeated cross-sectional survey Cultural Change in the Netherlands (CCN, 1965–1996). First, we investigate to what extent the increasing permissiveness is due to cohort replacement and to intra-cohort change. We find that between 1965 and 1980 the change is primarily due to intra-cohort (period) effects, whereas cohort replacement has become more important since 1980. Second, we address the question which social categories constitute the 10% of the population who do not accept voluntary childlessness. Church attendance—and not religiosity or religious socialization—turns out to be the most important factor. Low levels of income and education also negatively affect the acceptance of voluntary childless.

Age-specific trends in cardiovascular mortality rates in the Netherlands between 1980 and 2009

Peeters, Anna; Nusselder, Wilma J.; Stevenson, Christopher; Boyko, Edward J.; Moon, Lynelle; Tonkin, Andrew
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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36.65%
Recent analyses suggest the decline in coronary heart disease mortality rates is slowing in younger age groups in countries such as the US and the UK. This work aimed to analyse recent trends in cardiovascular mortality rates in the Netherlands. Analysis was of annual all circulatory, ischaemic heart disease (IHD), and cerebrovascular disease mortality rates between 1980 and 2009 for the Netherlands. Data were stratified by sex and 10-year age group (age 35–85+). The annual rate of change and significant changes in the trend were identified using joinpoint Poisson regression. For almost all age and sex groups examined the rate of IHD and cerebrovascular disease mortality in the Netherlands has more than halved between 1980 and 2009. The decline in mortality from both IHD and cerebrovascular disease is continuing for all ages and sex groups, with anacceleration in the decline apparent from the late 1990s/early 2000s. The decline in age-specific all circulatory, coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular disease mortality rates continues for all age and sex groups in the Netherlands.

Sharp upturn of life expectancy in the Netherlands: effect of more health care for the elderly?

Mackenbach, Johan Pieter; Slobbe, Lany; Looman, Caspar Wilhelmus Nicolaas; van der Heide, Agnes; Polder, Johan; Garssen, Joop
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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36.53%
During the 1980s and 1990s life expectancy at birth has risen only slowly in the Netherlands. In 2002, however, the rise in life expectancy suddenly accelerated. We studied the possible causes of this remarkable development. Mortality data by age, gender and cause of death were analyzed using life table methods and age-period-cohort modeling. Trends in determinants of mortality (including health care delivery) were compared with trends in mortality. Two-thirds of the increase in life expectancy at birth since 2002 were due to declines in mortality among those aged 65 and over. Declines in mortality reflected a period rather than a cohort effect, and were seen for a wide range of causes of death. Favorable changes in mortality determinants coinciding with the acceleration of mortality decline were mainly seen within the health care system. Health care expenditure rose rapidly after 2001, and was accompanied by a sharp rise of specialist visits, drug prescriptions, hospital admissions and surgical procedures among the elderly. A decline of deaths following non-treatment decisions suggests a change towards more active treatment of elderly patients. Our findings are consistent with the idea that the sharp upturn of life expectancy in the Netherlands was at least partly due to a sharp increase in health care for the elderly...

Design and management of an orthopaedic bone bank in the Netherlands

Zwitser, Eline W.; Jiya, Timothy U.; George Licher, H.; van Royen, Barend J.
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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36.53%
The design and management of an orthopaedic bone bank is a complex process in which medical organisation and legislation intertwine. Neither in the Netherlands, nor in any other European country, there are official guidelines for the organisation and management of an orthopaedic bone bank. In the Netherlands, the recently modified ‘law of security and quality for using human materials’ (WVKL) dictates requirements for technical and organisational aspects for the use of human tissue and cells. The bone bank procedures include a thorough questionnaire for donor selection, extensive serological, bacteriological and histopathological examination, as well as standard procedures for registration, processing, preservation, storage and distribution of bone allografts. This article describes the organisation of an accredited bone bank and can be used as a proposition for an official guideline or can be useful as an example for other orthopaedic bone banks in Europe.

Improving test properties for neonatal cystic fibrosis screening in the Netherlands before the nationwide start by May 1st 2011

Cornel, Martina C.; Gille, Johan J. P.; Loeber, J. Gerard; Langen, Annette M. M. Vernooij-van; Dankert-Roelse, Jeannette; Bolhuis, Piet A.
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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36.53%
When new technical possibilities arise in health care, often attunement is needed between different actors from the perspectives of research, health care providers, patients, ethics and policy. For cystic fibrosis (CF) such a process of attunement in the Netherlands started in a committee of the Health Council on neonatal screening in 2005. In the balancing of pros and cons according to Wilson and Jungner criteria, the advantages for the CF patient were considered clear, even though CF remains a severe health problem with treatment. Nevertheless, screening was not started then, mainly since the specificity of the tests available at that time was considered too low. Many healthy infants would have been referred for sweat testing and much uncertainty would arise in their parents. Also the limited sensitivity for immigrants and the detection of less severe phenotypes and carriers were considered problematic. The Health Council recommended a pilot screening project which was subsequently performed in some provinces, leading to a 4-step protocol: IRT, PAP, screening for a CFTR mutation panel, and sequencing of the CFTR gene. This would lead to the identification of 23 cases of classical CF, two infants with less severe forms and 12 carriers per year in the Netherlands. Thus many CF patients can be diagnosed early...

Psychotraumatology in the Netherlands

Vermetten, Eric; Olff, Miranda
Fonte: Co-Action Publishing Publicador: Co-Action Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/05/2013 EN
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The contribution to psychotrauma literature from Dutch authors has a long tradition. The relatively high lifetime prevalence of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is not unique for the Netherlands and does not fully explain the interest in trauma and its consequences. In this overview of psychotraumatology in the Netherlands, we will discuss some of the key events and processes that contribute to the current interest. We outlined the historical basis and development of the field in the Netherlands, including the impact of World War II, the effects of major man-made or natural disasters, engagement in military conflicts, as well as smaller scale traumatic events like sexual abuse and traffic accidents. The liberal and open culture may have reduced stigma to trauma, while other sociocultural aspects may have contributed to increased prevalence. Finally, we describe Dutch psychotraumatology today and how history and culture have shaped the current scientific basis.

The Rise of Islamism Among Turkish Immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands

Tol, Gönül
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
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This study is a comparative study of the Turkish Islamist movement Milli Görüş (IGMG) in Germany and the Netherlands. It is a qualitative and a quantitative inquiry about the nature (whether it is moderate or radical) of the Milli Görüş movement in these two countries. The central research questions are: what is the reason for the rise of Islamism among Turks living in two different countries in Europe? What is the reason for the difference in the radicalization levels? Islamism refers to an ideology that turns traditional Islam into a sustained and systematic program that includes social, political, and economic affairs (Pipes 1998). The movements within the framework of Islamism range from moderate to radical. Based on the data collected during the field research conducted in Germany and the Netherlands between the years of 2004-2007, this study suggests that Islamism is a response to social marginalization which is defined as “an external social position, of isolation of the individual or groups, with a limited access to economical, political, educational and communicational resources of the community (Contained in the law adopted by the Romanian Parliament in 28 February 2002, www.hurriyetim.com, November 25, 2004). It is hypothesized that as the level of social marginalization increases...

Does recruitment for multicenter clinical trials improve dissemination and timely implementation of their results? A survey study from the Netherlands

Litjens, R.; Oude Rengerink, K.; Danhof, N.; Kruitwagen, R.; Mol, B.
Fonte: Sage Publications Publicador: Sage Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
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BACKGROUND Results from clinical trials are often slowly implemented. We studied whether participation in multicenter clinical trials improves reported dissemination, convincement, and subsequent implementation of its results. METHODS We sent a web-based questionnaire to gynecologists, residents, nurses, and midwives in all obstetrics and gynecology departments in the Netherlands. For nine trials in perinatology, reproductive medicine, and gynecologic oncology, we asked the respondents whether they had knowledge of the results, were convinced by the results, and what percentage of their patients were treated according to the results of these trials. We compared the level of knowledge, convincement, and reported implementation of results in practice for the nine trials for respondents who worked in hospitals that had recruited for a trial with respondents who worked in a hospital that had not recruited for that trial. The reported implementation was restricted to six trials that showed decisive results. RESULTS We analyzed 202 questionnaires from 83 departments in obstetrics and gynecology in the Netherlands (93% of all departments). The percentage of respondents who had worked in a hospital that recruited for a specific study varied between 8% and 71% per study and was 28% on average. The relative risk (RR) for knowledge of the study result for respondents who had worked in a recruiting hospital was for all studies positive and varied between 1.1 and 3.3 (pooled RR: 1.8...

Raiffeisenism Abroad: Why did German microfinance fail in Ireland but prosper in the Netherlands?

COLVIN, Christopher L.; MCLAUGHLIN, Eoin
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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36.6%
What was the recipe for the success of Raiffeisen’s banking model? What made it possible for imitations of this German rural cooperative microfinance institution to work well in some European countries, but fail in others? This paper answers these questions with a comparison of Raiffeisenism in Ireland and the Netherlands. Raiffeisen banks arrived in both places at the same time, but had drastically different fates. In Ireland they were almost wiped out by the early 1920s, whilst in the Netherlands they proved to be a long-lasting institutional transplant. Raiffeisen banks were successful in the Netherlands because they operated in a niche market with few viable competitors. Meanwhile, rural financial markets in Ireland were unsegmented and populated by long-established incumbents, leaving little room for new players, whatever their perceived advantages. Whereas Dutch Raiffeisen banks were largely self-financing, closely integrated into the wider rural economy and took advantage of socioreligious division, their Irish counterparts did not.; This paper draws on graduate research conducted by the authors: Colvin, C. L., ‘Religion, competition and liability: Dutch cooperative banking in crisis, 1919-1927’ (unpub. PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science...

Turkish and Chinese immigration to the Netherlands : corridor report

MANDIN, Jérémy; GSIR, Sonia
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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This report compares two quite different corridor migrations to the Netherlands. Turkish immigration is larger and more recent than Chinese immigration, which goes back to the beginning of the 20th century. The report aims to better understand the variation in several dimensions of Turkish and Chinese immigrants’ integration – in particular, the labour market, education and citizenship. It is based on an original methodology combining different data sources (the existing literature, an analysis of the legal and political frameworks, a quantitative analysis, and a survey). It aims to test the INTERACT project’s main hypothesis which conceives of integration as a three-way process. This report provides insight on the integration policy developed in the Netherlands (ethnic minorities policies) and links it to Turkish and Chinese diaspora policies. It tries to shed light on the impact that Turkey and China may have on the integration of their diasporas in the Netherlands. The main findings are the following: firstly, the countries of origin are concerned about their migrants abroad and develop policies accordingly. Secondly, Turkish and Chinese migrants’ integration in the Netherlands present different characteristics and the interaction between the Dutch integration policy and their respective diaspora policies is a complex one. Thirdly...

High-resolution organic petrography of the Toarcian Posidonia Shale of Germany and the western Netherlands: Study of the organo-mineral microfacies variations, reconstruction of the depositional environments and construction of a depositional model

Gorbanenko, Olga
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Dissertation; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
EN
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36.65%
High-resolution organic petrological analysis was carried out on more than 150 core bituminous shale samples of the Posidonia Shale (Toarcian, Lower Jurassic) from three sedimentary basins: the West Netherlands Basin, the Lower Saxony Basin and the South German Basin. This study is subdivided into three main parts: the identification of the organic microfacies variations in order to reconstruct paleoenvironmental conditions of the Posidonia Shale sedimentation, the maturity evaluation of the Posidonia Shale from three sedimentary basins and the construction of the deposition model of the Posidonia Shale. The results of the organic petrography reveal that the organo-mineral microfacies defined by maceral composition and associated mineral groundmass show a wide range of variations related to the content of individual liptinite of marine origin and terrestrial macerals (macerals of vitrinite and inertinite groups and sporinite). The modifications in composition are considered as a potential indicator of different changes in depositional environments. In addition, much attention has been paid to the origin of the bituminite, which comprises most of the hydrocarbon-rich source rocks. All defined organo-mineral microfacies are poorly correlated laterally between sedimentary basins. Only those from wells E and M (the West Netherlands Basin) show a resemblance. Organo-mineral microfacies from each investigated area contain a specific type of bituminite. Particularly...

The politics of history education : teaching national history, identity and citizenship in Belgium and the Netherlands, 1830-1880

JANS, Jasper
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
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Defence date: 28 March 2014; Examining Board: Professor dr. Pavel Kolář, European University Institute supervisor Professor dr. Heinz-Gerhard Haupt, European University Institute Professor dr. Joep Leerssen, University of Amsterdam Professor dr. Tom Verschaffel, KU Leuven.; This dissertation has studied the discourses around national history education in Belgium and the Netherlands in the middle of the nineteenth century. The literature on nation building and cultural nationalism often observes the importance of education as an instrument of nation building. Expanding school networks were one of the important conduits through which national awareness was spread among the populace. They helped to disseminate knowledge of the national language, culture and history, thus teaching the future generations about their 'home' and 'nation'. At the same time, historians often note the significance of narratives, often historical narratives, in fostering a sense of pride and attachment to the fatherland. Nevertheless, studies of the contents of and controversies surrounding history education are sparse. In this study, I hope to show that the field of (history) education is an important locus of nation building and therefore worthy of scholarly attention. Following Jörn Rüsen...

Trends in antithrombotic drug use and adherence to non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants in the Netherlands

Hanemaaijer, Susan; Sodihardjo, Fong; Horikx, Annemieke; Wensing, Michel; De Smet, Peter A. G. M.; Bouvy, Marcel L.; Teichert, Martina
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.53%
Background Non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) became available in the Netherlands in 2008, providing another antithrombotic treatment besides vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) and antiplatelet agents (APAs). Objective To describe the patterns of antithrombotic drug use between 2008 and 2013 by examination of dispensing data form community pharmacies in the Netherlands; to determine the concomitant use of NOACs with VKAs and APAs and switching between the drug classes; and to compare adherence to NOACs with adherence to APAs. Setting An observational retrospective study was conducted using routinely collected dispensing data from Dutch community pharmacies. Methods For each calendar year, the numbers of NOAC, VKA, and APA users were calculated. Adherence was determined for NOACs and APAs by the percentage of days covered by medication (PDC). Information on the prescribed daily dose of VKAs was unavailable. Main outcome measures Comparison of age, sex, and co-medications of users of the three drug classes; concomitant use of different antithrombotic drug classes and switching between these in each year; and mean PDC and percentages of all users with a PDC above 80 %. Results NOAC use increased during the study period to 29,687 users in 2013. In that year there were 484...

Deciphering the Dutch drop: ten explanations for decreasing political trust in The Netherlands

Bovens, Mark; Wille, Anchrit
Fonte: Sage Publications Inc Publicador: Sage Publications Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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36.53%
The Netherlands has always been the odd case out regarding trust in public institutions. In the 1980s and 1990s, contrary to international trends, trust in government remained high and even increased. Suddenly, from 2002 onwards, public trust in governmen

Digital multiculturalism in the Netherlands: religious, ethnic and gender positioning by Moroccan-Dutch youth

Leurs, Koen; Midden, Eva; Ponzanesi, Sandra
Fonte: Utrecht University, the Netherlands Publicador: Utrecht University, the Netherlands
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /03/2012 EN; EN
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This article focuses on digital practices of Moroccan-Dutch adolescents in the Netherlands. The digital sphere is still rather understudied in the Netherlands. However, it offers a unique, entry to intersecting issues of religiosity, ethnicity and gender as well as to their implications for thinking about multiculturalism from new vantage points. What do digital practices such as online discussion board participation tell us about identity and multiculturalism? The three forms of position acquisition under discussion (gender, religion and ethnic positioning) show that neither religion, ethnicity, nor gender cease to exist in the digital realm but are constantly negotiated, reimagined and relocated. Drawing from the work of Modood, Gilroy and other critics of gender, media, multiculturalism and postcoloniality, we argue that online activities of the Moroccan-Dutch youth not only offer an important critique of mainstream media debates on multiculturalism, but also create space for alternative bottom-up interpretations of everyday practices of multiculturalism in the Netherlands.

Households, consumption and the development of medical care in the Netherlands, 1650-1900

Deneweth, Heidi; Wallis, Patrick
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2016 EN; EN
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This article examines the development of the Dutch medical marketplace between 1650 and 1900 from a household’s perspective. Using debts for medical care recorded in probate inventories, we construct the first quantitative analysis of levels of demand for medical care and the types of medical provision in small towns and villages across the Netherlands – locations much more representative of most of Europe than its better-studied cities. We reveal substantial growth in the sick’s reliance on commercial medical practitioners between 1650 and 1800, measured by both the frequency and size of debts to practitioners. We also find large differences between the commercialised maritime areas of the Netherlands and the more autarchic inland regions, where households were particularly unlikely to have used medical practitioners circa 1650. These differences extended to the types of practitioner involved: surgeons were most prominent in the maritime region; apothecaries in the inland region. Patterns of medical consumption converged during the nineteenth century, as did the types of practitioner used, anticipating laws restricting professional activity in medicine. As we show, differences in households’ uses of medical care within and between regions reflected their income...