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The contrasting role of heterochromatin in the differentiation of sex chromosomes: an overview from Neotropical fishes

Cioffi, M. B.; Moreira-Filho, O.; Toledo, Lurdes Foresti de Almeida; Bertollo, L. A. C.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL; MALDEN Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL; MALDEN
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.62%
During the evolutionary process of the sex chromosomes, a general principle that arises is that cessation or a partial restriction of recombination between the sex chromosome pair is necessary. Data from phylogenetically distinct organisms reveal that this phenomenon is frequently associated with the accumulation of heterochromatin in the sex chromosomes. Fish species emerge as excellent models to study this phenomenon because they have much younger sex chromosomes compared to higher vertebrates and many other organisms making it possible to follow their steps of differentiation. In several Neotropical fish species, the heterochromatinization, accompanied by amplification of tandem repeats, represents an important step in the morphological differentiation of simple sex chromosome systems, especially in the ZZ/ZW sex systems. In contrast, multiple sex chromosome systems have no additional increase of heterochromatin in the chromosomes. Thus, the initial stage of differentiation of the multiple sex chromosome systems seems to be associated with proper chromosomal rearrangements, whereas the simple sex chromosome systems have an accumulation of heterochromatin. In this review, attention has been drawn to this contrasting role of heterochromatin in the differentiation of simple and multiple sex chromosomes of Neotropical fishes...

Checklist comparison and dominance patterns of the fish fauna at Taim Wetland, South Brazil

Garcia, Alexandre M.; Bemvenuti, Marlise de Azevedo; Vieira, João Paes; Marques, David Manuel Lelinho da Motta; Burns, Marcelo D.M.; Moresco, Alex; Condini, Mario Vinicius L.
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.44%
O Sistema Hidrológico do Taim é um banhando subtropical localizado no sul do Brasil que abriga uma diversidade biológica excepcional. Em 1978, uma reserva ecológica foi estabelecida para proteger parte dessa área do crescente impacto de ações antrópicas nos seus arredores. Os peixes tem sido muito pouco investigados nessa região. Baseado em coletas com vários amostradores durante vários anos (2001-2005), e em comparações com estudos prévios, esse trabalho fornece uma lista de espécies atualizada dos peixes ocorrendo no Taim. Também é apresentada a primeira descrição preliminar dos padrões de dominância nos principais lagos que compõem o sistema (Flores, Nicola, Jacaré e Mangueira). (Continuatiação) A análise comparada indicou a presença de 62 espécies de peixes distribuídas em 24 famílias, sendo Characidae (19 espécies) e Cichlidae (7) as famílias com o maior número de espécies. Seis espécies são registradas pela primeira vez na reserva: Trachelyopterus lucenai (Auchenipteridae), Hoplosternum littorale (Callichthyidae), Rineloricaria cadeae (Loricariidae), Eigenmannia trilineata (Sternopygidae), Odontesthes mirinensis e O. perugiae (Atherinopsidae). Aparentemente, o penharol T. lucenai invadiu o sistema na última década e tornou-se uma das espécies dominantes nas zonas pelágicas das lagoas. Embora diferenças nos amostradores não permitam comparações diretas...

Estratégias de história de vida de peixes neotropicais em diferentes tipos de habitat

Vogel, Carina
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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36.82%
A reprodução representa um dos aspectos mais importantes da biologia de uma espécie e a manutenção de populações viáveis dependem do seu sucesso. O sucesso alcançado pelos peixes em ambientes distintos deve-se à enorme gama de estratégias reprodutivas desenvolvidas pelo grupo. Nos ambientes aquáticos, a expressão da estratégia reprodutiva de uma espécie depende das interações entre fatores intrínsecos (fisiológicos, genéticos), e fatores extrínsecos como a qualidade do habitat, relações interespecíficas e também fatores físicos e regime de hidrológico. A teoria do “habitat template” propõe que a variabilidade temporal e espacial do habitat físico influencia na evolução da combinação do comportamento, fisiologia e características de história de vida das espécies. O habitat é o modelo contra o qual as pressões evolutivas dão forma à estratégia ecológica de uma espécie. Em contrapartida, as características históricas e filogenéticas limitariam algumas características específicas, independente do habitat. A teoria da história de vida lida com restrições entre variáveis demográficas e características associadas com reprodução e a maneira em que essas limitações, ou trade-offs...

DNA barcoding reveals hidden diversity in the Neotropical freshwater fish Piabina argentea (Characiformes: Characidae) from the Upper Parana Basin of Brazil

Pereira, Luiz H. G.; Pazian, Marlon F.; Hanner, Robert; Foresti, Fausto; Oliveira, Claudio
Fonte: Informa Healthcare Publicador: Informa Healthcare
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 87-96
ENG
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36.57%
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Background and aims. We analyzed a small and wide geographically distributed Neotropical freshwater fish, the Piabina argentea from the Upper Parana Basin, to check the hypothesis that this species is composed of more than one biological unit, since it has a limited dispersion, through the DNA barcode technique. Materials and methods. Partial mitochondrial COI and CytB gene sequences were obtained for 58 specimens drawn from 13 localities. Results. Phylogenetic analysis revealed six major clusters of P. argentea. Kimura-two-parameter (K2P) genetic divergences among these six P. argentea clusters ranged from 2 to 5.6% and from 2.3 to 5.4% for COI and CytB genes, respectively, and these values were on average approximately nine times greater than intra-cluster K2P divergences. The fixation index (FST) among clusters showed very high values and the haplotype network analysis displayed seven unconnected units. Conclusion. These results reinforce the hypothesis that the widely distributed P. argentea species concept as currently conceived actually represents more than one species (possibly six). These results demonstrate the efficacy of DNA barcoding for the discovery of hidden diversity in Neotropical freshwater fishes...

Genetics of neotropical fish: from chromosomes to populations

Oliveira, C.; Foresti, Fausto; Hilsdorf, A. W. S.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 81-100
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.81%
The Neotropical freshwater fish fauna is very rich-according to the most recent catalogue 71 families and 4,475 species have been described. However, only a small amount of general information is available on the composition of Neotropical marine fishes. In Brazil, 1,298 marine species have been recorded. General analysis of available cytogenetic and population genetic data clearly indicates research has been mainly concentrated on freshwater fishes. Thus, today, cytogenetic information is available for 475 species of Characiformes, 318 species of Siluriformes, 48 species of Gymnotiformes, 199 freshwater species that do not belong to the superorder Ostariophysi, and only 109 species of marine fishes. For the species studied, only about 6% have sex chromosomes and about 5% have supernumerary or B chromosomes. A review of the cytogenetic studies shows that these data have provided valuable information about the relationships between fish groups, the occurrence of cryptic species and species complexes, the mechanism of sex determination and sex chromosome evolution, the distribution of nucleolus organizer regions, the existence supernumerary chromosomes, and the relationship between polyploidy and evolution. In relation to populations in Neotropical marine waters...

Nuclear DNA content of thirty species of neotropical fishes

Carvalho, Margarida Lima; Oliveira, Claudio; Foresti, Fausto
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 47-54
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.72%
The present paper reports nuclear DNA content in 30 Neotropical freshwater fish species and summarizes the data on other Neotropical species presented in the literature. Among Neotropical fishes, the nuclear DNA content ranges from 1.04 ± 0.09 pg/nucleus in Corydoras cf. simulatus (2n = 62) to 248.0 pg/nucleus in Lepidosiren paradoxa (2n = 38). A general analysis of the data obtained in the present study for each species showed that DNA measurements were practically constant at the individual level, while significant differences were observed among individuals of the same population. This observation was valid for all species analyzed and was more evident in those species that presented other karyotypic particularities such as sex chromosomes or supernumerary chromosomes. The importance of changes in nuclear DNA content in the evolutionary process of Neotropical fishes is discussed.

Morphologically differentiated sex chromosomes in neotropical freshwater fish

Toledo, L. F. de Almeida; Foresti, F.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 91-100
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.62%
A general survey of the occurrence of morphologically differentiated sex chromosomes in the neotropical freshwater fishes is presented. The total number of 32 occurrences involving simple XX-XY and ZZ-ZW, and multiple X1X2Y, XY1Y2 and ZW1W2 sex chromosome systems is described, with comments on the aspects of sex chromosome evolution in this fish fauna. The occurrence of different sex chromosome systems in related species of the same genus, or in different populations of the same nominal species, involving male and sometimes female heterogamety, and differences in the molecular composition of sex-linked heterochromatin, are considered as indicative of the early stage of sex chromosomes evolution in fish.

Composition and interrelationships of a large Neotropical freshwater fish group, the subfamily Cheirodontinae (Characiformes: Characidae): A case study based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences

Mariguela, T. C.; Ortí, G.; Avelino, G. S.; Abe, K. T.; Oliveira, C.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 23-34
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.74%
•Relationships of Cheirodontinae based on a broad taxonomic sample.•Results reject the monophyly of Cheirodontinae as previously conceived.•Exclusion of Amazonspinther and Spintherobolus from the subfamily Cheirodontinae.•The removal of Leptagoniates pi of the genus Leptagoniates and inclusion in Cheirodontinae.•Division of Cheirodontinae in three newly defined monophyletic tribes. Characidae is the most species-rich family of freshwater fishes in the order Characiformes, with more than 1000 valid species that correspond to approximately 55% of the order. Few hypotheses about the composition and internal relationships within this family are available and most fail to reach an agreement. Among Characidae, Cheirodontinae is an emblematic group that includes 18 genera (1 fossil) and approximately 60 described species distributed throughout the Neotropical region. The taxonomic and systematic history of Cheirodontinae is complex, and only two hypotheses about the internal relationships in this subfamily have been reported to date. In the present study, we test the composition and relationships of fishes assigned to Cheirodontinae based on a broad taxonomic sample that also includes some characid incertae sedis taxa that were previously considered to be part of Cheirodontinae. We present phylogenetic analyses of a large molecular dataset of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Our results reject the monophyly of Cheirodontinae as previously conceived...

Nuclear DNA content of thirty species of Neotropical fishes

Carvalho,Margarida Lima; Oliveira,Claudio; Foresti,Fausto
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.72%
The present paper reports nuclear DNA content in 30 Neotropical freshwater fish species and summarizes the data on other Neotropical species presented in the literature. Among Neotropical fishes, the nuclear DNA content ranges from 1.04 ± 0.09 pg/nucleus in Corydoras cf. simulatus (2n = 62) to 248.0 pg/nucleus in Lepidosiren paradoxa (2n = 38). A general analysis of the data obtained in the present study for each species showed that DNA measurements were practically constant at the individual level, while significant differences were observed among individuals of the same population. This observation was valid for all species analyzed and was more evident in those species that presented other karyotypic particularities such as sex chromosomes or supernumerary chromosomes. The importance of changes in nuclear DNA content in the evolutionary process of Neotropical fishes is discussed.

Sex chromosome system ZZ/ZW in Apareiodon hasemani Eigenmann, 1916 (Characiformes, Parodontidae) and a derived chromosomal region

Bellafronte,Elisangela; Schemberger,Michelle Orane; Artoni,Roberto Ferreira; Moreira Filho,Orlando; Vicari,Marcelo Ricardo
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.41%
Parodontidae fish show few morphological characteristics for the identification of their representatives and chromosomal analyses have provided reliable features for determining the interrelationships in this family. In this study, the chromosomes of Apareiodon hasemani from the São Francisco River basin, Brazil, were analyzed and showed a karyotype with 2n = 54 meta/submetacentric chromosomes, and a ZZ/ZW sex chromosome system. The study revealed active NORs located on pair 11 and additional 18S rDNA sites on pairs 7 and 22. The 5S rDNA locus was found in pair 14. It showed a pericentric inversion regarding the ancestral condition. The satellite DNA pPh2004 was absent in the chromosomes of A. hasemani, a shared condition with most members of Apareiodon. The WAp probe was able to detect the amplification region of the W chromosome, corroborating the common origin of the system within Parodontidae. These chromosomal data corroborate an origin for the ZW system of Parodontidae and aid in the understanding of the differentiation of sex chromosome systems in Neotropical fishes.

Short-term cold storage of sperm from six neotropical characiformes fishes

Marques,Simone; Godinho,Hugo Pereira
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.51%
Sperm of the following Neotropical Characiformes fish species were tested for cold storage: Brycon lundii, Piaractus mesopotamicus, Leporinus elongatus, Leporinus friderici, Prochilodus lineatus and Prochilodus marggravii. Each sperm sample was split into two aliquots. The first was placed into a plastic bag with air or oxygen and the second, in a plastic tube with air. The samples were maintained at temperatures between 1.7-4.9 ºC. The rate of sperm motility was estimated using a 50 mM NaCl solution as the activating solution. The shortest sperm storage duration (7 h) was recorded for L. friderici, when the sperm motility rate reached ~ 30%, whereas the longest duration (20 h) was obtained with the sperm of P. lineatus. A fertilisation test using Prochilodus marggravii sperm refrigerated for 8 h yielded 88-90% of viable embryos. The refrigerated storage method could be of practical applications, especially in fish reproductive management at hatchery stations.

Checklist comparison and dominance patterns of the fish fauna at Taim Wetland, South Brazil

Garcia,Alexandre M.; Bemvenuti,Marlise A.; Vieira,João P.; Marques,David M. L. Motta; Burns,Marcelo D. M.; Moresco,Alex; Condini,Mario Vinicius L.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ictiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ictiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.44%
Taim Hydrological System is a unique subtropical wetland in southern Brazil harboring an exceptional biological diversity. In 1978, an ecological reserve was established to protect part of this area from increasing anthropogenic impacts in its surroundings. Fishes have been poorly investigated in this system. Based on a multi-gear sampling study encompassing several years (2001-2005), and on comparisons with previous fish inventories, we provide an up-to-date species list of fishes occurring in the Taim Wetland. In addition, we made the first preliminary description of fish dominance patterns found in the main lakes of the system (Flores, Nicola, Jacaré and Mangueira). Checklist comparison resulted in 62 fish species distributed in 24 families, with Characidae (19 species) and Cichlidae (7) showing the highest species richness. Six species are cited for the first time in the reserve: Trachelyopterus lucenai (Auchenipteridae), Hoplosternum littorale (Callichthyidae), Rineloricaria cadeae (Loricariidae), Eigenmannia trilineata (Sternopygidae), Odontesthes mirinensis and O. perugiae (Atherinopsidae). Apparently, the black catfish T. lucenai invaded the system in the last decade and became one of the dominant species in the pelagic waters. Although differences in gears hindered direct comparisons...

Preliminary examination of food web structure of Nicola Lake (Taim Hydrological System, south Brazil) using dual C and N stable isotope analyses

Garcia,Alexandre M.; Hoeinghaus,David J.; Vieira,João P.; Winemiller,Kirk O.; Marques,David M. L. Motta; Bemvenuti,Marlise A.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ictiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ictiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39%
Taim Ecological Reserve is located within the Taim Hydrological System and was created to protect a heterogeneous and productive landscape harboring exceptional biological diversity in southern Brazil. Using stable isotope ratio analyses of carbon (delta13C) and nitrogen (delta15N), we provide a preliminary description of the food web structure, including estimates of production sources supporting fish populations and vertical trophic structure, within a representative lake of this system. A total of 21 organisms (5 macrophytes, 3 mollusks and 13 adult fishes) representing 16 species were collected for isotope analysis. Fishes had delta13C values ranging from -24.30º/oo to -28.31º/oo , showing concordance with the range of values observed for macrophytes (-25.49 to -27.10º/oo), and suggesting that these plants could be a major carbon source supporting these fishes. delta13C signatures of Corbicula (-30.81º/oo) and Pomacea (-24.26º/oo) indirectly suggest that phytoplankton and benthic algae could be alternative carbon sources for some consumers. Nitrogen isotope ratios indicated approximately three consumer trophic levels. The pearl cichlid Geophagus brasiliensis was a primary consumer. Two catfishes (Trachelyopterus lucenai and Loricariichthys anus) were secondary consumers. Two congeneric pike cichclids (Crenicichla lepidota and C. punctata)...

Reynolds shear-stress and velocity: positive biological response of neotropical fishes to hydraulic parameters in a vertical slot fishway

Duarte,Bernardo Alan de Freitas; Ramos,Isabella Cristina Resende; Santos,Hersília de Andrade e
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ictiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ictiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.68%
The barriers created by dams can cause negative impacts to aquatic communities, and migratory fish species are directly affected. Fishways have been developed to allow the upstream passage of fishes through dams. In Brazil, after the implementation of environmental laws, these structures have been built based on European and American fishway designs. Studies have shown selectivity for different neotropical fishes in some Brazilian fishways, and the main challenge has been to promote upstream passage of a large number of diverse fish species. The patterns of flow circulation within the fish ladder may explain fish selectivity although few studies detail the fish response to hydraulic characteristics of fish ladder flow. This paper presents a laboratory study, where a vertical slot fishway was built in a hydraulic flume and the behavior of two neotropical fish species (Leporinus reinhardti and Pimelodus maculatus) were analyzed. The structure of flow was expressed in terms of mean velocity, Reynolds shear-stress and velocity fluctuation fields. The individuals of Leporinus reinhardti had higher passage success than Pimelodus maculatus in the laboratory flume. Both species preferred areas of low to zero Reynolds shear-stress values. In addition...

Checklist comparison and dominance patterns of the fish fauna at Taim Wetland, South Brazil

Garcia, Alexandre Miranda; Bemvenuti, Marlise de Azevedo; Vieira, Jo??o Paes; Marques, David Manuel Lelinho da Motta; Burns, Marcelo Dias de Mattos; Moresco, Alex; Condini, Mario Vinicius Lopes
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.44%
Taim Hydrological System is a unique subtropical wetland in southern Brazil harboring an exceptional biological diversity. In 1978, an ecological reserve was established to protect part of this area from increasing anthropogenic impacts in its surroundings. Fishes have been poorly investigated in this system. Based on a multi-gear sampling study encompassing several years(2001-2005), and on comparisons with previous fish inventories, we provide an up-to-date species list of fishes occurring in the Taim Wetland. In addition, we made the first preliminary description of fish dominance patterns found in the main lakes of the system (Flores, Nicola, Jacar?? and Mangueira). Checklist comparison resulted in 62 fish species distributed in 24 families, with Characidae (19 species) and Cichlidae (7) showing the highest species richness. Six species are cited for the first time in the reserve: Trachelyopterus lucenai (Auchenipteridae), Hoplosternum littorale (Callichthyidae), Rineloricaria cadeae(Loricariidae), Eigenmannia trilineata (Sternopygidae), Odontesthes mirinensis and O. perugiae (Atherinopsidae). Apparently, the black catfish T. lucenai invaded the system in the last decade and became one of the dominant species in the pelagic waters. Although differences in gears hindered direct comparisons...

Fish and aquatic habitat conservation in South America: a continental overview with emphasis on Neotropical systems

Barletta, Mario; Jaureguizar, Andr??s; Baigun, Claudio; Fontoura, Nelson Ferreira; Agostinho, Angelo Antonio; Almeida-Val, Vera Maria Fonseca de; Val, Adalberto Luis; Torres, Rodrigo Augusto; Jimenes-Segura, Luz Fernanda; Giarrizo, Tommaso; Fabr??, Nidia
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.41%
Fish conservation in South America is a pressing issue. The biodiversity of fishes, just as with all other groups of plants and animals, is far from fully known. Continuing habitat loss may result in biodiversity losses before full species diversity is known. In this review, the main river basins of South America (Magdalena, Orinoco, Amazon and Paran??a???La Plata system), together with key aquatic habitats (mangrove-fringed estuaries of the tropical humid, tropical semi-arid and subtropical regions) are analysed in terms of their characteristics and main concerns. Habitat loss was the main concern identified for all South American ecosystems. It may be caused by damming of rivers, deforestation, water pollution, mining, poor agricultural practice or inadequate management practice. Habitat loss has a direct consequence, which is a decrease in the availability of living resources, a serious social and economic issue, especially for South American nations which are all developing countries. The introduction of exotic species and overfishing were also identified as widespread across the continent and its main freshwater, coastal and marine ecosystems. Finally,suggestions are made to find ways to overcome these problems. The main suggestion is a change of paradigm and a new design for conservation actions...

Isotopic variation of fishes in freshwater and estuarine zones of a large subtropical coastal lagoon

Garcia, Alexandre Miranda; Hoeinghaus, David Joseph; Vieira, Jo??o Paes; Winemille, Kirk
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.39%
We used stable C and N isotope ratios of tissues from 29 fish species from a large subtropical lagoon in southern Brazil to examine spatial variability in isotopic composition and vertical trophic structure across freshwater and estuarine habitats. Nitrogen isotope ratios indicated a smooth gradation in trophic positions among species, with most fishes occupying the secondary and tertiary consumer level. Fish assemblages showed a significant shift in their carbon isotopic signatures between freshwater and estuarine sites. Depleted carbon signatures (from _24.7& to _17.8&) were found in freshwater, whereas more enriched signatures (from _19.1& to _12.3&) were obtained within the estuarine zone downstream. Based on our survey of the C3 and C4 plants and isotopic values for phytoplankton and benthic microalgae reported for ecosystems elsewhere, we hypothesized that the observed d13C differences in the fish assemblage between freshwater and estuarine sites is due to a shift from assimilating organic matter ultimately derived from C3 freshwater marsh vegetation and phytoplankton at the freshwater site (d13C ranging from _25& to _19&), to C4 salt-marsh (e.g. Spartina) and widgeon grass (Ruppia maritima), benthic microalgae and marine phytoplankton at the estuarine sites (from _18& to _12&). Our results suggested that fish assemblages are generally supported by autochthonous primary production. Freshwater fishes that likely were displaced downstream into the estuary during periods of high freshwater discharge had depleted d13C values that were characteristic of the upper lagoon. These results suggest that spatial foodweb subsidies can occur within the lagoon.

Preliminary examination of food web structure of Nicola Lake (Taim Hydrological System, south Brazil) using dual C and N stable isotope analyses

Garcia, Alexandre Miranda; Hoeinghaus, David Joseph; Vieira Sobrinho, Jo??o Paes; Winemiller, Kirk; Marques, David Manuel Lelinho Motta; Bemvenuti, Marlise de Azevedo
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39%
Taim Ecological Reserve is located within the Taim Hydrological System and was created to protect a heterogeneous and productive landscape harboring exceptional biological diversity in southern Brazil. Using stable isotope ratio analyses of carbon (???13C) and nitrogen (???15N), we provide a preliminary description of the food web structure, including estimates of production sources supporting fish populations and vertical trophic structure, within a representative lake of this system. A total of 21 organisms (5 macrophytes, 3 mollusks and 13 adult fishes) representing 16 species were collected for isotope analysis. Fishes had ???13C values ranging from -24.30 ??? to -28.31 ???, showing concordance with the range of values observed for macrophytes (-25.49 to -27.10 ???), and suggesting that these plants could be a major carbon source supporting these fishes. ???13C signatures of Corbicula (-30.81???) and Pomacea (-24.26???) indirectly suggest that phytoplankton and benthic algae could be alternative carbon sources for some consumers. Nitrogen isotope ratios indicated approximately three consumer trophic levels. The pearl cichlid Geophagus brasiliensis was a primary consumer. Two catfishes (Trachelyopterus lucenai and Loricariichthys anus) were secondary consumers. Two congeneric pike cichclids (Crenicichla lepidota and C. punctata)...

Sistemática y distribución de peces de la subfamilia Cheirodontinae (Teleostei: Characiformes: Characidae) de la Argentina; Systematics and geographic distribution of fishes of the subfamily cheirodontinae (Teleostei: characiformes: characidae) from Argentina

Mantinian, Julia Erika
Fonte: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires Publicador: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; tesis doctoral; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2011 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
La subfamilia Cheirodontinae (Characiformes: Characidae) es un grupo de pequeños peces neotropicales ampliamente distribuida en las principales cuencas desde Costa Rica hasta el norte de la Patagonia. En la actualidad, comprende 15 géneros y 50 especies. Se caracterizan por la presencia de pseudotímpano, ausencia de mancha humeral, dientes muy expandidos y comprimidos distalmente con cúspides alineadas en un mismo plano y presencia de una sola serie de dientes en el premaxilar semejantes en su forma y número de cúspides. Si bien pueden encontrarse representantes en la mayoría de las cuencas de Argentina, no había antecedentes de estudios completos de la subfamilia, por lo que el objetivo de este estudio fue realizar la revisión taxonómica actualizada del grupo para la Argentina. Se ampliaron las distribuciones geográficas de las siguientes especies: Heterocheirodon yatai, Serrapinnus calliurus, Serrapinnus kriegi, Serrapinnus microdon, Macropsobrycon uruguayanae y Odontostilbe pequira. Cheirodon ibicuhiensis es redescripta incluyendo nuevos datos anatómicos en base a material colectado en las cuencas de los ríos Paraná y Bajo Uruguay, siendo el primer reporte de la especie con localidades concretas para este pais. Se comprobó que las citas de Saccoderma hastata corresponden a Odontostilbe microcephala quedando la primera sin registros para nuestro pais. Se confirman 2 tribus...

Influencia de factores ambientales sobre el otolito de Australoheros facetus (Pisces, Cichlidae) y algunas comparaciones con otras especies Neotropicales; Influence of environmental factors of the otolith of Australoheros facetus (Pisces, Cichlidae) and some comparisons with other neotropical species

González Naya, María Jimena Aída
Fonte: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires Publicador: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; tesis doctoral; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2011 SPA
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La familia Cichlidae es una de las más numerosas del Orden Perciformes, está constituida por alrededor de 1300 especies. En Sudamérica existen unas 400 especies que representan cerca del diez por ciento de la ictiofauna de agua dulce. En la Argentina existen unas 45 especies de cíclidos formalmente descriptas. La distribución de los peces está determinada por factores históricos y por los mecanismos adaptativos en las tres dimensiones elementales del nicho ecológico (la espacial, la trófica y la reproductiva), y está fuertemente influenciada por factores ambientales. Estos factores influyen de diferente manera y con diferente intensidad sobre los organismos, los cuales presentan distintos rangos de eficiencia biológica, en respuesta a factores como temperatura, salinidad, pH, velocidad de la corriente y sustrato, entre otros. Dicha eficiencia depende de las condiciones ecofisiológicas del pez. Algunos valores de los parámetros ambientales son letales o limitantes y determinan el desarrollo de estrategias adaptativas, las cuales pueden reflejarse tanto en estructuras anatómicas, como en la fisiología y el comportamiento de los peces. En esta tesis se planteó como objetivo determinar la influencia de distintos factores ambientales (salinidad...