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Estudo preliminar sobre a qualidade de vida de médicos e enfermeiros intensivistas pediátricos e neonatais; Preliminary study about qualify of life of physicians and nurses working in pediatric and neonatal intensive care units; Estudio preliminar sobre la calidad de vida de médicos y enfermeros intensivistas pediátricos y neonatales

FOGAÇA, Monalisa de Cássia; CARVALHO, Werther Brunow de; NOGUEIRA-MARTINS, Luiz Antonio
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
106.23%
Comparar a Qualidade de Vida (QV) de médicos e enfermeiros que trabalham em UTI Pediátrica (PED) e Neonatal (NEO) e, também, avaliar se há diferença entre a QV na mesma categoria profissional, mas diferindo de acordo com a unidade de trabalho. Estudo descritivo com 37 médicos e 20 enfermeiros. O WHOQOL-100 foi utilizado. Médicos da PED diferiram estatisticamente no domínio VI (p=0,003), quando comparados com médicos da NEO. Médicos e enfermeiros da PED apresentaram diferença estatística significante no domínio V (p < 0,01), e médicos e enfermeiros da NEO apresentaram diferença estatística significante no domínio VI (p=0,05). A avaliação da QV de médicos e enfermeiros intensivistas pediátricos e neonatais mostrou-se abaixo dos escores encontrados na literatura científica, quando comparados com estudos que avaliaram pacientes com dores crônicas e com prejuízos na saúde mental, evidenciando a ocorrência de estresse ocupacional.; Compare the Quality of Life (QL) of doctors and nurses who work in Pediatric (PED) and Neonatal (NEO) Intensive Care Units, and to evaluate whether there are differences between the QL in the same job category, but differing according to the work unit. This descriptive study was performed with 37 physicians and 20 nurses. The WHOQOL100 was used. Physicians from the PED differ statistically in the field VI (p=0.003) compared with physicians from the NEO. Physicians and nurses from the PED showed a statistically significant difference in field V (p<0.01)...

"Avaliação da estrutura das unidades de terapia intensiva pediátrica neonatal do município de São Paulo" ; Quality assessment of pediatric and neonatal intensive care unit in Sao Paulo

Souza, Daniela Carla de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/09/2003 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
106.29%
Apesar da importância das unidades de terapia intensiva pediátricas e neonatais (UTIP/UTIN) na assistência à criança criticamente enferma, pouco se conhece da estrutura destas unidades no município de São Paulo (SP). No período de agosto/00 a julho/02 foi realizado estudo descritivo da estrutura das UTIP/UTIN do município de SP. Das 107 unidades identificadas, 85 (79,4%) concordaram em participar através do preenchimento de questionário. Observou-se uma distribuição desproporcional das UTIs e dos leitos (1 leito/604 crianças - 1 leito/6.812 crianças; média: 1 leito/2.085 crianças). As 85 unidades totalizaram 1067 leitos, dos quais 969 estavam em atividade. A média do número de leitos por unidade foi 11,7 (4-60). Em relação a recursos materiais, equipamentos essenciais para o funcionamento de uma UTI estavam indisponíveis. Quanto aos recursos humanos, mais de 70% dos critérios mínimos foram cumpridos. Observou-se diversidade na distribuição dos leitos de UTIP/UTIN no município de SP ; Despite the importance of pediatric and neonatal intensive care units (PICU/NICU) to the care of severally ill children, the knowledge of the structure of these units is scarce in Sao Paulo. From Aug/00 to July/02 it was conducted a descriptive study about structure of PICU/NIUC in the city of Sao Paulo. We identified 107 PICU/NICU and 85 (79.4%) agreed to participate. We noticed an irregular distribution of the ICU in relation to the pediatric population in each district (1bed/604 children - 1 bed/6.812 children...

Cateterismo central por inserção periférica em UTI neonatal de nível terciário: incidência de complicações e fatores de risco associados; Percutaneously inserted central catheter in neonatal intensive care unit tertiary level: incidence of complications and associated risk factors

Sakita, Neusa Keico
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/09/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
106.23%
O cateter central de inserção periférica (PICC) é um dispositivo com utilização crescente nas Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (UTIN). Objetivos Caracterizar a incidência de complicações e os fatores de risco associados à passagem do PICC em recém-nascidos pré-termo (RNPT) internados em uma UTIN de nível terciário. Casuística e Métodos: Foram estudados 128 recémnascidos pré-termo internados na Unidade de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatal (UCINE) do Instituto da Criança do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo no período de janeiro de 2004 a julho de 2007. O estudo foi prospectivo tipo coorte não comparado realizado através da coleta de dados dos RNPT obtidos dos prontuários e pela coleta de informações de um formulário preenchido pelo profissional responsável pela inserção do cateter. A média da idade gestacional foi de 32,2 semanas e o peso médio dos RNPT foi de 1336 gramas (g). Resultados: Dos 128 pacientes estudados, 68 (53,1%) eram do sexo feminino. Com relação ao diagnóstico admissional dos RNPT, a doença das membranas hialinas esteve presente em 44 (34,4 %), desconforto respiratório não classificado em 28 (21,9%), risco infeccioso em 23 (18%), malformação digestiva em 18 (14%) foram os mais comuns. O número total de PICC inseridos foi de 148...

Risk factors for bronchopulmonary dysplasia in five portuguese neonatal intensive care units

Guimarães, H; Rocha, G; Vasconcellos, G; Proença, E; Carreira, ML; Sossai, MR; Morais, B; Martins, I; Rodrigues, T; Severo, M
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Pneumologia Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Pneumologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
126.14%
The pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is clearly multifactorial. Specific pathogenic risk factors are prematurity, respiratory distress, oxygen supplementation, mechanical ventilation (MV), inflammation, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), etc. AIM: To evaluate BPD prevalence and to identify risk factors for BPD in five Portuguese Neonatal Intensive Care Units in order to develop better practices the management of these newborns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 256 very low birth weight infants with gestational age (GA) <30 weeks and/or birthweight (BW) <1250 g admitted in five Portuguese NICUs, between 2004 and 2006 were studied. A protocol was filled in based on clinical information registered in the hospital charts. BPD was defined as oxygen dependency at 36 weeks of postconceptional age. RESULTS: BPD prevalence was 12.9% (33/256). BPD risk decreased 46% per GA week and of 39% per 100g BW. BPD risk was significantly higher among newborns with low BW (adj OR= 0.73, 95% CI=0.57- 0.95), severe hyaline membrane disease (adj OR= 9.85, 95% CI=1.05-92.35), and those with sepsis (adj OR=6.22, 95% CI=1.68-23.02), those with longer duration on ventilatory support (42 vs 3 days, respectively in BPD and no BPD patients, p <0.001) and longer duration of FiO2>0.30 (85 vs 5 days...

Evaluation of the patient safety culture in neonatal intensive care

Tomazoni,Andréia; Rocha,Patrícia Kuerten; Kusahara,Denise Miyuki; Souza,Ana Izabel Jatobá de; Macedo,Taise Rocha
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Programa de Pós Graduação em Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Programa de Pós Graduação em Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.13%
This quantitative, survey type study aimed to analyze the patient safety culture of the nursing and medical teams of public hospitals of Florianopolis. A total of 141 professionals participated, with data collected between February/April 2013, after approval by the Ethics Committee. The Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture was used and the 12 dimensions of the culture were evaluated. Descriptive analysis was performed, classifying the dimensions into areas of strength or critical areas. Despite not verifying a specific area of strength, the dimensions with the best evaluation were Supervisor/manager expectations and actions promoting safety and Organizational learning - continuous improvement. The dimensions with the highest percentage of negative responses, identified as critical were: Non-punitive response to errors and Management support for safety. The safety culture in the Neonatal Intensive Care Units presented aspects that could potentially become areas of strength. Cultural changes are necessary, especially in addressing errors.

Adverse events and other incidents in neonatal intensive care units

Lanzillotti,Luciana da Silva; Seta,Marismary Horsth De; Andrade,Carla Lourenço Tavares de; Mendes Junior,Walter Vieira
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.12%
The occurrence of avoidable adverse events (AEs) represents a problem of quality of care that is responsible for the increase in monetary and social costs, causing suffering to the patient, their family members and the professional involved. This situation is aggravated when it involves newborns (NBs) with very low birth weights and shorter gestational ages, admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICU). The scope of this study is to understand more about these incidents and adverse events in NICUs. The article aims to identify the occurrence of incidents, with and without injury that have occurred in NICUs in the literature and correlate this with the gestational age group of the NBs most affected. This is a systematic review of the available literature on incidents, particularly AEs as witnessed in NICUs. This study reveals that the types of incidents that occur in NICUs, with or without injury to the patient, are related to errors or failures in medication use, healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), skin injuries, mechanical ventilation and intravascular catheters. The cause of incidents and adverse events in NICUs are associated with human factors and the outcomes that are most damaging are due to HAIs. Furthermore, the study points out ways to mitigate these occurrences.

Transfusion practices in a neonatal intensive care unit in a city in Brazil

Portugal,Carolina Augusta Arantes; Paiva,Amanda Póvoa de; Freire,Érika Santos; Chaoubah,Alfredo; Duarte,Marta Cristina; Hallack Neto,Abrahão Elias
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia e Terapia Celular Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia e Terapia Celular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
106.34%
OBJECTIVE: Newborn infants are the most heavily transfused population inside intensive care units. The hemoglobin level used to indicate the need of transfusions is not well established. The aim of this study was to evaluate transfusional practices in newborns in the neonatal intensive care units of one specific city. METHODS: Red blood cell transfusion practices of all transfused newborns in all five of the neonatal intensive care units of the city were analyzed. Data are reported as descriptive statistics, including numbers and percentages and means and standard deviation. Univariate analysis, followed by stepwise logistic regression was performed in respect to transfusional data and outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 949 patients were admitted to the intensive care units during the 12-month study period with 20.9% receiving at least one transfusion, most (62.4%) of whom received more than one transfusion. The mean number of transfusions per infant was 2.7 ± 2.16; in the liberal transfusion group the mean number was 1.59 ± 1.63 and in the restrictive group it was 1.08 ± 1.51. The mean hemoglobin and hematocrit levels were 9.0 g/dL (±1.4 g/dL) and 27.4% (±4.3%), respectively. The most common indications for blood transfusions were sepsis and prematurity. CONCLUSION: This study shows that the characteristics and the transfusion practices for newborns admitted in the neonatal intensive care units of Juiz de Fora are similar to recent pubications. There was no significant reduction in the number of transfusions per child in the restrictive group compared to the liberal group. Restrictive transfusions are an independent risk factor for peri-intraventricular hemorrhages and death.

Uso do cateter central de inserção periférica em uma unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal na região Centro-Oeste; The use of peripherally inserted central catheter in a neonatal intensive care unit in the west central region

SOUSA, Júlia Carneiro Godoy de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Enfermagem; Cuidado em Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Enfermagem; Cuidado em Enfermagem
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
106.19%
The peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) has been increasingly used in the Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU), particularly in the treatment of premature neonates who require prolonged venous access, for security in parenteral therapy and for the quality of care, avoiding the discomfort of repeated punctures. The overall aim was to analyze the use of the PICC in neonates hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a university hospital in Goiânia, Goiás. The specific objectives were: to characterize the population of neonates who received PICC during their admissions, to characterize the aspects related to inserting, maintenance and removal of the PICC and describe the complications that arise with the neonates during its use.This is a descriptive exploratory longitudinal study, with a prospective data collection, conducted during the months of May, 2008 to May, 2009. Were included 64 procedures for insertion of PICC in 56 neonates, performed by nurses and doctors of the unit. Data were obtained from medical and nursing records and in proper form accomplished by the nurses of the unit and by the researcher, respecting the ethical principles. The data were processed using Epi-Info, version 3.5.1. and presented as tables with their values absolute...

Estudo epidemiológico e molecular de portador nasal de Staphylococcus aureus e de Staphylococcus aureus meticilinaresistente em Pronto Atendimento Pediátrico e em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal de Goiânia; Methicillin-resistant Staphyloccocus aureus, Neonatal Intensive Care Units, nasaEdpidemiological and molecular study of nasal carrier of Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Pediatric Emergency Departament and Neonatal Intensive Care Units of Goiania carriage, molecular epidmoiolgy, children

VIEIRA, Maria Aparecida da Silva
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Medicina Tropical; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Medicina Tropical; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
126.3%
Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus methicillin-resistant (MRSA) is known to be a risk for subsequent infection. The MRSA carriers are an emergent and hidden reservoir in community and in the health-care environment. The aim of this investigation were to assess the prevalence and risk factors for MRSA nasal carriage in children attending emergency departments (ED) and Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU), and to describe the molecular features of such isolates. Methods: Nasal swabs were obtained from children less than 60 months of age attending ED, and from newborns of the four NICUs of Goiânia city, central Brazil, in 2007 and 2008. The definition of MRSA followed the CLSI criteria. Exposure variables to S. aureus and MRSA carriers were gathered through in-person interviews with mothers and hospital records. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were performed to identify risk factors for S. aureus and MRSA carriage. Molecular typing was evaluated by pulsed field gel electrophoresis, staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) typing, and multilocus sequence type (MLST). Results: A total of 2,735 children were enrolled. At the ED (n=2.034), the prevalence respectively of nasal carriages for S. aureus and MRSA were 20% (n=408) and 0.2% (n=4). Among NICUs (total of infants = 701)...

Errores de medicación en Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal; Erros de medicação em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal; Medication errors in Neonatal Intensive Care Units

Dias da Silva, Gustavo; Silvino, Zenith Rosa; Saraiva de Almeida, Viviane; Lemos Querido, Danielle; Silva Cunha Dias, Pollyanna; Pompeu Christovam, Bárbara
Fonte: Murcia: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia Publicador: Murcia: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA; POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.24%
Se trata de una revisión integradora de la literatura realizada en bases de datos en línea en el período 2002-2012, con el objetivo de identificar la evidencia disponible sobre la incidencia, los factores relacionados, las consecuencias y los mecanismos para la prevención de errores de medicación en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales. Los resultados se clasifican de acuerdo a los temas centrales de la revisión del diseño. Llegamos a la conclusión de que un conocimiento más profundo de la magnitud de los errores y eventos adversos de medicamentos en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales, su impacto en la morbilidad y mortalidad neonatal, factores asociados con este fenómeno y los mecanismos de prevención son las estrategias para la construcción de un sistema de salud más seguro y de calidad.; RESUMO Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura realizada em bases de dados online, no período entre 2002-2012, com o objetivo de identificar as publicações disponíveis sobre incidência, fatores relacionados, consequências e/ou mecanismos de prevenção dos erros de medicação na Unidade de Tratamento Intensivo Neonatal. Os resultados foram categorizados segundo as temáticas centrais do delineamento da revisão. Conclui-se que o conhecimento aprofundado da magnitude dos erros e eventos adversos à medicamentos na Unidade de Tratamento Intensivo Neonatal...

Promoção de vínculo afetivo na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal: um desafio para as enfermeiras; Promoting affective attachment at the neonatal intensive care unit: a challenge for nurses; Promoción de vínculo afectivo en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal: un desafío para las enfermeras

CONZ, Claudete Aparecida; MERIGHI, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa; JESUS, Maria Cristina Pinto de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
106.15%
As observações do cotidiano na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (UTIn), as reflexões sobre a dicotomia entre a teoria, o discurso e o modo de atuação de muitos enfermeiros junto aos pais dos recém-nascidos, suscitaram-nos inquietações que nos levaram a desenvolver este estudo, com os objetivos de conhecer a vivência da enfermeira no cuidado ao recém-nascido e aos seus pais na UTIn e compreender como as enfermeiras vivenciam o processo de vínculo afetivo entre recém-nascidos internados em UTIn e seus pais. Realizamos a pesquisa de acordo com a abordagem da fenomenologia social de Alfred Schütz. Os sujeitos do estudo foram oito enfermeiras assistenciais, com experiências em UTIn de hospitais públicos e privados. Dentre as categorias concretas do vivido, que emergiram dos discursos, destacamos o Contato Humano. Os resultados da análise mostraram que as enfermeiras percebem-se como elo de aproximação entre filhos e pais e acreditam que exercem papel importante na formação de vínculo afetivo entre eles.; The study was motivated by observations of the routine at neonatal intensive care units (NICU), thoughts about the dichotomy between theory, discourse, and the practice of many nurses towards the newborns' parents. The objectives were to learn about nurses' experiences regarding neonatal care to newborns and their parents...

Staphylococcus aureus reservoirs and transmission routes in a Portuguese Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: a 30-month surveillance study.

Conceição, T; Sousa, M; Miragaia, M; Paulino, E; Barroso, R; Brito, MJ; Sardinha, T; Sancho, L; Carreiro, H; Sousa, JG; Machado, MC; Lencastre, H
Fonte: Mary Ann Liebert Publicador: Mary Ann Liebert
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.12%
Although Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of outbreaks in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), there are no studies on the epidemiology of S. aureus isolates responsible for infection in Portuguese NICUs. Between July 2005 and December 2007, a total of 54 methicillin susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) isolates were recovered from 16 infected infants, parents, health care workers (HCWs), and the environment in a level III NICU. Isolates were characterized by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), spa typing, and multilocus sequence typing. Virulence determinants were detected by multiplex polymerase chain reaction. Three major MSSA clones were endemic in the NICU, representing 70% (n=38) of the isolates: PFGE type A-ST5 (n=17); type B-ST30 (n=12); and type C-ST1 (n=9). Leukotoxins and hemolysins were present in all isolates, although none of them carried PVL. HCWs, plastic folders protecting clinical files, and mothers' nipples were identified as potential reservoirs and/or vehicles of dissemination of S. aureus. Consequently, additional infection control measures were implemented in this NICU.

Use of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate–containing medical products and urinary levels of mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate in neonatal intensive care unit infants

Green, Ronald; Calafat, Antonia M.; Schettler, Ted; Huttner, Kenneth; Hu, Howard; Hauser, Russ B.; Weuve, Jennifer Lynn; Ringer, Steven Alan
Fonte: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Publicador: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.13%
Objective: Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a plasticizer used in medical products made with polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic and may be toxic to humans. DEHP is lipophilic and binds non-covalently to PVC, allowing it to leach from these products. Medical devices containing DEHP are used extensively in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Among neonates in NICUs, we studied exposure to DEHP-containing medical devices in relation to urinary levels of mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP), a metabolite of DEHP. Design: We used a cross-sectional design for this study. Participants: We studied 54 neonates admitted to either of two level III hospital NICUs for at least 3 days between 1 March and 30 April 2003. Measurements: A priori, we classified the infants’ exposures to DEHP based on medical products used: The low-DEHP exposure group included infants receiving primarily bottle and/or gavage feedings; the medium exposure group included infants receiving enteral feedings, intravenous hyperalimentation, and/or nasal continuous positive airway pressure; and the high exposure group included infants receiving umbilical vessel catheterization, endotracheal intubation, intravenous hyperalimentation, and indwelling gavage tube. We measured MEHP in the infants’ urine using automated solid-phase extraction/isotope dilution/high-performance liquid chromatography/ tandem mass spectrometry. Results: Urinary MEHP levels increased monotonically with DEHP exposure. For the low-...

Patient safety culture at neonatal intensive care units: perspectives of the nursing and medical team

Tomazoni,Andréia; Rocha,Patrícia Kuerten; Souza,Sabrina de; Anders,Jane Cristina; Malfussi,Hamilton Filipe Correia de
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.3%
OBJECTIVE: to verify the assessment of the patient safety culture according to the function and length of experience of the nursing and medical teams at Neonatal Intensive Care Units. METHOD: quantitative survey undertaken at four Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Florianópolis, Brazil. The sample totaled 141 subjects. The data were collected between February and April 2013 through the application of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture. For analysis, the Kruskal-Wallis and Chi-Square tests and Cronbach's Alpha coefficient were used. Approval for the research project was obtained from the Ethics Committee, CAAE: 05274612.7.0000.0121. RESULTS: differences in the number of positive answers to the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture, the safety grade and the number of reported events were found according to the professional characteristics. A significant association was found between a shorter Length of work at the hospital and Length of work at the unit and a larger number of positive answers; longer length of experience in the profession represented higher grades and less reported events. The physicians and nursing technicians assessed the patient safety culture more positively. Cronbach's alpha demonstrated the reliability of the instrument. CONCLUSION: the differences found reveal a possible relation between the assessment of the safety culture and the subjects' professional characteristics at the Neonatal Intensive Care Units.

CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETERIZATION IN PEDIATRIC AND NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS; El proceso del cateterismo venoso central en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatal y Pediatrica; O processo do cateterismo venoso central em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal e Pediátrica

Gomes, Aline Veronica de Oliveira; Nascimento, Maria Aparecida de Luca
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2013 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
106.31%
This descriptive, prospective cohort study aimed to analyze the process of central venous catheterization in neonatal intensive care and pediatric units; describe the variables related to study characterization, including admission unit, age, and sex; and to investigate related variables, such as catheter type, reason for insertion, number of lumens, insertion site, type of professional who performed the procedure, medication therapy infused, reason for withdrawal, length of time catheter was in situ, and mechanical and infectious complications. Data collection was performed with 82 charts in the intensive care units (ICUs) of the Instituto Fernandes Figueira. In the majority of cases, the indications for catheter insertion were prolonged drug infusion and total parenteral nutrition. Removal was predominantly required due to mechanical and infectious complications. This study assessed the process of central venous catheterization with the aim of improving care provided to the neonatal and pediatric patients.; Estudio descriptivo, longitudinal y con enfoque cuantitativo, que tuvo por objetivo analizar y discutir el proceso del cateterismo venoso central en las Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos neonatal y pediátrica; describir las variables relacionadas a la caracterización de la población del estudio (unidad de hospitalización...

Hospitalization in neonatal intensive care units in Brazil - 1998-2001; Hospitalización en unidad de terapia intensiva neonatal en Brasil - 1998-2001; Internações em unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal no Brasil - 1998-2001

Kamada, Ivone; Rocha, Semiramis Melani Melo; Barbeira, Claudia Benedita dos Santos
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2003 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
126.4%
This study aimed at obtaining information on the development of data records in Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Brazil; comparing the number of beds in Neonatal Intensive Care Units with that in Intensive Care Units in general and assessing their distribution in different Brazilian states. There has been an increase in the number of beds and authorizations for hospitalizations in intensive care units. The percentages indicating the total number of beds for intensive care and neonatal intensive care vary from one state to another with 17% in São Paulo, 25% in Rio Grande do Sul and 29.5% in Paraná. São Paulo state presents the highest number of beds, followed by Rio Grande do Sul.; Este trabajo tiene como objetivos: conocer la evolución del registro de datos sobre Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal en Brasil; comparar el número de camas de Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatales con el número de camas de Unidades de Terapia Intensiva en general y verificar su distribución por los Estados de Brasil. Hubo aumento en el número de camas y en las autorizaciones para hospitalizaciones en la unidad de terapia intensiva. Los porcentajes entre el total de camas de terapia intensiva y camas de las unidades de terapia intensiva neonatal varían de acuerdo con el Estado...

Estudo preliminar sobre o estresse ocupacional de médicos e enfermeiros em UTI pediátrica e neonatal: o equilíbrio entre esforço e recompensa; Estudio preliminar sobre el estrés ocupacional de médicos y enfermeros en UTI pediátrica y neonatal: el equilibrio entre esfuerzo y recompensa; Preliminary study about occupational stress of physicians and nurses in pediatric and neonatal intensive care units: the balance between effort and reward

Fogaça, Monalisa de Cássia; Carvalho, Werther Brunow de; Cítero, Vanessa de Albuquerque; Nogueira-Martins, Luiz Antonio
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/02/2010 ENG; POR; SPA
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O objetivo do estudo foi comparar o equilíbrio entre esforço (E) e recompensa (R) entre médicos de unidades de terapia intensiva pediátrica (PED) e neonatal (NEO) e entre enfermeiros das mesmas unidades. Este é estudo transversal descritivo com 37 médicos e 20 enfermeiros. O questionário Effort-Reward Imbalance foi utilizado. Não se encontrou diferença estatística entre médicos da PED e da NEO em relação ao E e R (p>;0,05). Da mesma forma, enfermeiros da PED e da NEO não diferiram estatisticamente em relação ao E e R (p>;0,05). Comparando médicos com enfermeiros da PED, não foram encontradas diferenças entre as variáveis estudadas. Em relação à comparação feita entre profissionais da NEO, encontrou-se maior supercomprometimento dos médicos do que de enfermeiros (p=0,01). O ambiente organizacional da NEO mostrou-se mais exigente para os médicos, determinando maior comprometimento com o trabalho, enquanto que, para os enfermeiros de ambas as unidades, a demanda pareceu ser a mesma.; El objetivo del estudio fue comparar el equilibrio entre esfuerzo (E) y recompensa (R) entre médicos de unidades de terapia intensiva pediátrica (PED) y neonatal (NEO) y entre enfermeros de las mismas unidades. Este es estudio transversal descriptivo con 37 médicos y 20 enfermeros. El cuestionario Effort-Reward Imbalance fue utilizado. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticas entre médicos de la PED y de la NEO en relación al E y R (p>;0...

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: Clinical practices in five Portuguese neonatal intensive care units

Guimarães,H; Rocha,G; Vasconcellos,G; Proença,E; Carreira,ML; Sossai,MR; Morais,B; Martins,I; Rodrigues,T; Severo,M
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Pneumologia Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Pneumologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2010 EN
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With the advent of surfactant, prenatal corticosteroids (PNC) and advances in technology, the survival rate of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants has improved dramatically. Rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) vary widely among neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and many studies using multiple interventions have shown some improvement in BPD rates. Implementing potentially better practices to reduce BPD has been an effort made over the last few decades. Aim: To compare five Portuguese NICUs in terms of clinical practices in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, in order to developbetter practices to prevent BPD. Patients and methods: 256 preterm neonates, gestational age (GA) < 30 weeks and/or birthweight (BW) < 1250g admitted to five Portuguese NICUs (centers 1 to 5) between 1st January 2004 and 31st December 2006, were studied. VLBW infants with major malformations, grade IV intraventricular haemorrhage in the first week of life and metabolic or neuromuscular disease were excluded. BPD was defined as oxygen dependency at 36 weeks of postconceptional age. We considered a practice to be improved as clinically significant whenever a decrease greater than 10% in the prevalence of BPD adjusted for the practice, GA and BW was achieved compared to BPD prevalence adjusted only for GA and BW. Results: The overall prevalence of BPD was 12.9%. Our results revealed that PNC use should be improved in centers 2...

Risk factors for bronchopulmonary dysplasia in five Portuguese neonatal intensive care units

Guimarães,Hercília; Rocha,Gustavo; Vasconcellos,Gabriela; Proença,Elisa; Carreira,Maria Luísa; Sossai,Maria do Rosário; Morais,Benvinda; Martins,Isabel; Rodrigues,Teresa; Severo,Milton
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Pneumologia Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Pneumologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2010 EN
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116.11%
The pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is clearly multifactorial. Specific pathogenic risk factors are prematurity, respiratory distress, oxygen supplementation, mechanical ventilation (MV), inflammation, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), etc. Aim: To evaluate BPD prevalence and to identify risk factors for BPD in five Portuguese Neonatal Intensive Care Units in order to develop better practices the management of these newborns. Material and methods: 256 very low birth weight infants with gestational age (GA) <30 weeks and/or birthweight (BW) <1250 g admitted in five Portuguese NICUs, between 2004 and 2006 were studied. A protocol was filled in based on clinical information registered in the hospital charts. BPD was defined as oxygen dependency at 36 weeks of postconceptional age. Results: BPD prevalence was 12.9% (33/256). BPD risk decreased 46% per GA week and of 39% per 100g BW. BPD risk was significantly higher among newborns with low BW (adj OR= 0.73, 95% CI=0.57- 0.95), severe hyaline membrane disease (adj OR= 9.85, 95% CI=1.05-92.35), and those with sepsis (adj OR=6.22, 95% CI=1.68-23.02), those with longer duration on ventilatory support (42 vs 3 days, respectively in BPD and no BPD patients, p<0.001) and longer duration of FiO2>0.30 (85 vs 5 days...

Adverse events and other incidents in neonatal intensive care units

Lanzillotti,Luciana da Silva; Seta,Marismary Horsth De; Andrade,Carla Lourenço Tavares de; Mendes Junior,Walter Vieira
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
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116.12%
The occurrence of avoidable adverse events (AEs) represents a problem of quality of care that is responsible for the increase in monetary and social costs, causing suffering to the patient, their family members and the professional involved. This situation is aggravated when it involves newborns (NBs) with very low birth weights and shorter gestational ages, admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICU). The scope of this study is to understand more about these incidents and adverse events in NICUs. The article aims to identify the occurrence of incidents, with and without injury that have occurred in NICUs in the literature and correlate this with the gestational age group of the NBs most affected. This is a systematic review of the available literature on incidents, particularly AEs as witnessed in NICUs. This study reveals that the types of incidents that occur in NICUs, with or without injury to the patient, are related to errors or failures in medication use, healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), skin injuries, mechanical ventilation and intravascular catheters. The cause of incidents and adverse events in NICUs are associated with human factors and the outcomes that are most damaging are due to HAIs. Furthermore, the study points out ways to mitigate these occurrences.