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Musealização da natureza: exposições em museu de história natural como representação cultural; Musealization of the nature: exhibits in natural history museums as cultural representation

Silva, Mauricio Candido da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/11/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.31%
Uma das principais características das exposições museológicas é o seu potencial de representatividade histórico-cultural, sobretudo quando dirigimos nossa atenção aos museus de história natural dos séculos XIX e XX, período de constituição do museu público, impulsionado pelos discursos nacionalistas, civilizatórios e modernizantes. A análise de projetos expositivos desse contexto possibilita inferir que o novo modelo de museu é resultado da busca do equilíbrio entre os estudos científicos desenvolvidos através das coleções de pesquisa e as formas efetivas de instrução pública. Centenas de museus foram construídos enquanto outros reformaram suas áreas técnicas e administrativas, de forma a atender os novos parâmetros estabelecidos pelos programas museológicos, arquitetonicamente definidos como área restrita de pesquisa e área restrita da exposição pública. As exposições museológicas abertas à visitação ganharam impulso a partir de uma perspectiva objetiva. Os recursos comunicacionais, que nasceram e se desenvolveram nestes museus, reforçam o sentido da educação popular a partir da leitura do discurso expositivo presente nas narrativas polissêmicas estabelecidas nos novos espaços de consagração da ciência. O objeto museológico...

Catalogue of the type-specimens of Bolitophilidae, Diadocidiidae and Ditomyiidae (Diptera, Bibionomorpha) in the Natural History Museum, London

Falaschi,Rafaela Lopes; Amorim,Dalton de Souza
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira De Entomologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira De Entomologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.06%
Catalogue of the type-specimens of Bolitophilidae, Diadocidiidae and Ditomyiidae (Diptera, Bibionomorpha) in the Natural History Museum, London. A commented list of the types of three families of Bibionomorpha - Bolitophilidae, Diadocidiidae and Ditomyiidae - housed at the Natural History Museum (London) is provided. This includes four holotypes and one paratype of five species of Bolitophilidae; one paratype and three syntypes of two species of Diadocidiidae; and 17 holotypes, 91 paratypes, four lectotypes, and fourteen paralectotypes of 38 species of Ditomyiidae. Lectotypes are designated for the Neotropical species of the ditomyiids Australosymmerus (Melosymmerus) bisetosus Edwards, 1940 and A. (M.) pediferus Edwards, 1940.

Natural History collecting and the Biogeographical tradition

Browne,Janet
Fonte: Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2001 EN
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65.94%
Great expeditions and scientific journeys carried out the collecting of Natural History material and data. Naturalists changed collected material into museum pieces, diaries, books, maps, letters and so on. As far as techniques, practices, explored areas and personnel are concerned, it becomes evident the fact that material collecting for Medicine has followed the same collecting traditions as Natural History.

Annotated type catalogue of the Bothriembryontidae and Odontostomidae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Orthalicoidea) in the Natural History Museum, London

Breure, Abraham S.H.; Ablett, Jonathan D.
Fonte: Pensoft Publishers Publicador: Pensoft Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 10/04/2012 EN
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The type status is described for specimens of 84 taxa classified within the families Bothriembryontidae and Odontostomidae (superfamily Orthalicoidea) and kept in the Natural History Museum, London. Lectotypes are designated for Bulimus (Liparus) brazieri Angas, 1871; Bulimus broderipii Sowerby I, 1832; Bulimus fuligineus Pfeiffer, 1853; Helix guarani d’Orbigny, 1835; Bulimus (Tomigerus) ramagei E.A. Smith, 1890; Helix rhodinostoma d’Orbigny, 1835; Bulimus (Bulimulus) ridleyi E.A. Smith, 1890. The type status of the following taxa is changed to lectotype in accordance with Art. 74.6 ICZN: Placostylus (Euplacostylus) cylindricus Fulton, 1907; Bulimus pyrostomus Pfeiffer, 1860; Bulimus turneri Pfeiffer, 1860. The following taxon is synonymised: Bulimus oblitus Reeve, 1848 = Bahiensis neglectus (Pfeiffer, 1847).

An annotated catalogue of type specimens of the land snail genus Cyclophorus Monfort, 1810 (Caenogastropoda, Cyclophoridae) in the Natural History Museum, London

Nantarat, Nattawadee; Sutcharit, Chirasak; Tongkerd, Piyoros; Ablett, Jonathan; Naggs, Fred; Panha, Somsak
Fonte: Pensoft Publishers Publicador: Pensoft Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 23/05/2014 EN
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65.93%
The collection of land caenogastropod snails in the genus Cyclophorus Monfort, 1810 housed in the Natural History Museum, London (NHM), includes 52 type lots. Lectotypes have been designated for 43 available species-level names to stabilize existing nomenclature, two previously designated lectotype, two holotypes, one paratype, one syntype, one possible syntype and two paralectotypes are also listed. A complete catalogue of the Cyclophorus types in NHM, London is provided for the first time.

Annotated type catalogue of land snails collected from Taiwan (Formosa) in the Natural History Museum, London

Hwang, Chung-Chi
Fonte: Pensoft Publishers Publicador: Pensoft Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 23/07/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The present catalogue lists the type specimens of land snail species, collected from Taiwan and deposited in the Natural History Museum, London. Thirty-seven nominal species described by Pfeiffer, Adams, Nevill, Moellendorff, Godwin-Austen and Gude were traced. I present here information on type status, collection data obtained from the registers and labels of each collection, and annotations on the current taxonomic affiliation. Lectotypes of 28 nominal (sub)species were newly designated. One holotype was fixed originally and two holotypes newly fixed by monotypy. Syntypes of two species and paralectotypes of three species were also discovered in the Museum. No specimen of the species Pupina adamsi Sowerby, 1878, which was supposed to be deposited in the NHM, was found. Pictures of the name-bearing types are provided for further research on biodiversity of the island.

Genetic utility of natural history museum specimens: endangered fairy shrimp (Branchiopoda, Anostraca)

Wall, Adam R.; Campo, Daniel; Wetzer, Regina
Fonte: Pensoft Publishers Publicador: Pensoft Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/11/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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We examined the potential utility of museum specimens as a source for genetic analysis of fairy shrimp. Because of loss of their vernal pool habitat, some fairy shrimp (including Branchinecta sandiegonensis and Branchinecta lynchi) are listed as threatened or endangered in Southern California by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Management of those species requires extensive population genetics studies and the resolution of important genetic complexity (e.g. possible hybridization between endangered and non-endangered species). Regulations mandating deposition of specimens of listed species have resulted in thousands of specimens accessioned into the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County that have been preserved in a variety of solutions. We subsampled those specimens, as well as other Anostraca with known collection and preservation histories, to test their potential for genetic analysis by attempting DNA extraction and amplification for mt16SrDNA. Fixation and preservation in not denatured ethanol had a far greater sequencing success rate than other (and unknown) fixatives and preservatives. To maximize scientific value we recommend field preservation in 95% not denatured ethanol (or, if pure ethanol is unavailable...

Illustrated type catalogue of Amphidromus Albers, 1850 in the Natural History Museum, London, and descriptions of two new species

Sutcharit, Chirasak; Ablett, Jonathan; Tongkerd, Piyoros; Naggs, Fred; Panha, Somsak
Fonte: Pensoft Publishers Publicador: Pensoft Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.93%
The collection of the Southeast Asian tree snail genus Amphidromus Albers, 1850 at the Natural History Museum, London includes more than 100 lots of type specimens representing 85 name-bearing types, 9 paratypes and 6 paralectotypes, and one nomen nudum. Lectotypes are here designated for Amphidromus cambojiensis, Amphidromus perakensis globosus, Amphidromus columellaris gloriosa, Amphidromus maculiferus inflata, Amphidromus lepidus, Amphidromus sinistralis lutea, Amphidromus moniliferus, Amphidromus maculiferus obscura, Amphidromus sinistralis rosea and Amphidromus sinensi vicaria. In addition, the missing types of A.A. Gould were discovered and their type status is discussed. A complete catalogue of these types, including colour photographs is provided for the first time. After examining these type specimens, two new Amphidromus species, Amphidromus (Syndromus) globonevilli Sutcharit & Panha, sp. n. and Amphidromus (Syndromus) principalis Sutcharit & Panha, sp. n. were recognized and are described herein.

Dinosaurs: Assembling an Icon of Science

Rieppel, Lukas Benjamin
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
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This dissertation examines how the modern dinosaur—fully mounted, freestanding assemblages of vertebrate fossils such as we are accustomed to seeing at the natural history museum—came into being during the late 19th and early 20th century, focusing especially on the United States. But it is not just, or even primarily a history of vertebrate paleontology. Rather, I use dinosaurs as an opportunity to explore how science was embedded in broader changes that were happening at the time. In particular, I am interested in tracing how the culture of modern capitalism—the ideals, norms, and practices that governed matters of value and exchange—manifested itself in the way fossils were collected, studied, and put on display. During the second half of the 19th century, America experienced an extended period of remarkable economic growth. By the eve of WWI, it had emerged as the world’s largest producer of goods and services. At the same time, paleontologists were unearthing the fossil remains of marvelous creatures the likes of which no one had ever dreamed in the American west. The discovery of dinosaurs like Brontosaurus, Stegosaurus, Tyrannosaurus, and Triceratops prompted the nation’s wealthy elite to begin cultivating an intense interest in vertebrate paleontology. In part...

Stewardship plan for the national parks and natural areas of Haiti

Woods, Charles A; Sergile, Florence E; Ottenwalder, Jose Alberto; Florida Museum of Natural History; USAID/Haiti
Fonte: Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida; Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida ( Gainesville Fla ) Publicador: Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida; Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida ( Gainesville Fla )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: viii, 331 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
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(Bibliography) Includes bibliographical references (p. 281-304).; (Statement of Responsibility) by Charles A. Woods, Florence E. Sergile, Jose Alberto Ottenwalder.; Rev. of: Stewardship plan for the national parks of Haiti / by Charles A. Woods and Lawrence Harris. 1986.; "Prepared for USAID/Haiti"--T.p. verso.; Summary in French.; (Funding) Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life

Dedication of the Florida Museum of Natural History (Production number 25)

University of Florida
Fonte: University of Florida; University of Florida Publicador: University of Florida; University of Florida
Tipo: moving image
Publicado em //1971 ENGLISH
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Production number 25: Production title: Dedication of the Museum of Natural History:Production date: 1971: Derived from 16 mm film: Color / no sound / Total running time: 00:16:00

Composition and natural history of a Cerrado snake assemblage at Itirapina, São Paulo state, southeastern Brazil; Composição e história natural das serpentes de Cerrado de Itirapina, São Paulo, sudeste do Brasil

SAWAYA, Ricardo Jannini; MARQUES, Otavio Augusto Vuolo; MARTINS, Marcio
Fonte: Instituto Virtual da Biodiversidade | BIOTA - FAPESP Publicador: Instituto Virtual da Biodiversidade | BIOTA - FAPESP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.95%
Neotropical snake assemblages present high species richness and complex structures. The Cerrado is the second largest biome in Brazil, and was included among the 25 World's biodiversity hotspots. In southeastern Brazil, the remnant Cerrado areas have suffered intense destruction, and presently less than 2% of Cerrado natural vegetation remain in São Paulo state. Virtually no detailed study on Cerrado snakes was carried out in this region. The Itirapina region has one of the last well preserved remnants of open cerrado in São Paulo state. Our purpose in this work was the study of natural history and composition of the Cerrado snakes of Itirapina region. We performed an extensive field sampling combining six sampling methods in Estação Ecológica de Itirapina and disturbed Cerrado areas in its surroundings (municipalities of Itirapina and Brotas), during 101 trips throughout 43 months, between September 1998 and March 2002, corresponding to 446 days of field sampling. We also collected additional data from museum specimens housed in scientific collections. We present data on size, general abundance, habitat and macrohabitat use, daily and seasonal activity, feeding, reproduction, and defense. We also compared the Itirapina snake assemblage with nine snake assemblages of Brazil...

Composition and natural history of a Cerrado snake assemblage at Itirapina, São Paulo state, southeastern Brazil

SAWAYA, Ricardo Jannini; MARQUES, Otavio Augusto Vuolo; MARTINS, Marcio
Fonte: Instituto Virtual da Biodiversidade | BIOTA - FAPESP Publicador: Instituto Virtual da Biodiversidade | BIOTA - FAPESP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.95%
Neotropical snake assemblages present high species richness and complex structures. The Cerrado is the second largest biome in Brazil, and was included among the 25 World's biodiversity hotspots. In southeastern Brazil, the remnant Cerrado areas have suffered intense destruction, and presently less than 2% of Cerrado natural vegetation remain in São Paulo state. Virtually no detailed study on Cerrado snakes was carried out in this region. The Itirapina region has one of the last well preserved remnants of open cerrado in São Paulo state. Our purpose in this work was the study of natural history and composition of the Cerrado snakes of Itirapina region. We performed an extensive field sampling combining six sampling methods in Estação Ecológica de Itirapina and disturbed Cerrado areas in its surroundings (municipalities of Itirapina and Brotas), during 101 trips throughout 43 months, between September 1998 and March 2002, corresponding to 446 days of field sampling. We also collected additional data from museum specimens housed in scientific collections. We present data on size, general abundance, habitat and macrohabitat use, daily and seasonal activity, feeding, reproduction, and defense. We also compared the Itirapina snake assemblage with nine snake assemblages of Brazil...

Everglades National Park, Florida

United States -- National Park Service; Everglades Natural History Association
Fonte: The Service ( Washington ) Publicador: The Service ( Washington )
Tipo: cartographic Formato: 1 map : col. ; 39 x 43 cm., on sheet 60 x 43 cm., folded to 10 x 21 cm.
Publicado em //1990 ENGLISH
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Shows vegetation zones.; Depths shown by gradient tints.; Panel title.; Title at upper left: Everglades.; "Reprint 1987."; Includes text, distance lists, and col. ill.; Text, table of park facilities, and ill. (some col.) on verso.; (Funding) Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Florida Heritage Project of the State University Libraries of Florida, the Institute for Museum and Library Services, and the U.S. Department of Education's TICFIA granting program.; (Statement of Responsibility) National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior ; map produced in cooperation with the Everglades Natural History Association.

A review of the diversity and evolution of photonic structures in butterflies, incorporating the work of John Huxley (The Natural History Museum, London from 1961 to 1990)

Ingram, A.L; Parker, A.R
Fonte: The Royal Society Publicador: The Royal Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.93%
The photonic structures of butterfly wings are among the most anatomically diverse of all those in nature, giving rise to an unrivalled display of structural colours. These have recently become the focus of research by workers in a variety of disciplines, stimulated by their potential applications to technology (‘biomimetics’). This interest, together with the discovery of unpublished electron micrographs taken by the late Dr John Huxley (Natural History Museum, London), prompted this review of butterfly photonics in general. The current work provides a synopsis of the literature to date, covering the diversity and evolution of these optical structures and incorporating Huxley's work, which represents an important biomimetic and evolutionary database on its own. This review deals with butterfly photonic devices according to the parts of the butterfly scales on which they occur. In this way, the information is ripe for evolutionary study.

Composition and natural history of a Cerrado snake assemblage at Itirapina, São Paulo state, southeastern Brazil

Sawaya,Ricardo Jannini; Marques,Otavio Augusto Vuolo; Martins,Marcio
Fonte: Instituto Virtual da Biodiversidade | BIOTA - FAPESP Publicador: Instituto Virtual da Biodiversidade | BIOTA - FAPESP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.91%
Neotropical snake assemblages present high species richness and complex structures. The Cerrado is the second largest biome in Brazil, and was included among the 25 World's biodiversity hotspots. In southeastern Brazil, the remnant Cerrado areas have suffered intense destruction, and presently less than 2% of Cerrado natural vegetation remain in São Paulo state. Virtually no detailed study on Cerrado snakes was carried out in this region. The Itirapina region has one of the last well preserved remnants of open cerrado in São Paulo state. Our purpose in this work was the study of natural history and composition of the Cerrado snakes of Itirapina region. We performed an extensive field sampling combining six sampling methods in Estação Ecológica de Itirapina and disturbed Cerrado areas in its surroundings (municipalities of Itirapina and Brotas), during 101 trips throughout 43 months, between September 1998 and March 2002, corresponding to 446 days of field sampling. We also collected additional data from museum specimens housed in scientific collections. We present data on size, general abundance, habitat and macrohabitat use, daily and seasonal activity, feeding, reproduction, and defense. We also compared the Itirapina snake assemblage with nine snake assemblages of Brazil...

Musealização da zoologia: narrativas evolutivas construídas com animais; Musealization of zoology: evolutionary narratives built with animals.

Soler, Mariana Galera
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/09/2015 PT
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Os museus de história natural são instituições multifacetadas. Constituem-se como espaços privilegiados para discussão da teoria evolutiva, uma vez são instituições de pesquisa científica, repositórios de material comparativo e meios de comunicação, especialmente por meio de suas exposições. Neste trabalho, o animal é entendido como interface entre duas áreas: museologia e zoologia. Discute-se, então a musealização da zoologia, ou seja, os processos que tornam um animal objeto de museu (musealia) e o seu uso em narrativas evolutivas de exposições de museus de história natural. Para tanto, foram analisadas exposições de três museus de história natural latino-americanos: \"Las Aves\" - Museo de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia; \"Tiempo y materia. Laberintos de la evolución\" - Museo de La Plata; e \"Conchas, corais e borboletas\" - Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro. A heterogeneidade de acervos e recursos expográficos exigiu o desenvolvimento de uma metodologia objetiva e replicável para descrição das exposições, estruturada em: (i) fichas; (ii) matrizes conceituais; e (iii) planta baixa. A partir do detalhamento das exposições realizou-se a análise comparativa, considerando três aspectos: presença de conceitos evolutivas nas narrativas; (ii) abordagem da teoria evolutiva; e (iii) concepção de museologia. Tais análises demonstraram que \"Las Aves\" e \"Conchas...

Human biology : cibernética y biología humana en el nuevo discurso expositivo de la década de 1970

Corral Guillé, Gustavo; Ruiz Castell, Pedro; Roqué i Rodríguez, Xavier
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2010 SPA
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En este trabajo se explica cuáles fueron las estrategias utilizadas y los resultados obtenidos en la primera exposición del nuevo esquema museográfico del Museo de Historia Natural de Londres, concebido por Roger Miles, Jefe del Departamento de Servicios Públicos de esa prestigiada institución. Esta iniciativa pretendía atraer a un mayor número de visitantes a partir de exposiciones basadas en modelos y módulos interactivos que relegaban a los objetos de las colecciones a un segundo plano. La exposición se tituló Human Biology y fue inaugurada el 24 de mayo de 1977. El tema de la exposición fue la biología humana, pero como se argumenta en este trabajo, Human Biology sirvió también como medio para legitimar el discurso modernizador de la biología humana, en tanto disciplina más rigurosa por las herramientas y técnicas más precisas que las utilizadas por la antropología física tradicional. Se buscaba también generar una audiencia para reforzar el campo interdisciplinario de la ciencia cognitiva y en particular la inteligencia artificial. El equipo de asesores científicos de la exposición contó entre sus miembros con personalidades que jugaron un papel protagónico en el desarrollo de esas disciplinas, y necesitaban demostrar su validez y utilidad ante los no especialistas y el público en general.; This paper explains what were the strategies used and the results obtained in the first exhibition of the new exhibition scheme of the Natural History Museum in London...

El nuevo esquema expositivo del museo de historia natural de Londres, 1968-1981. Una perspectiva histórica

Corral Guillé, Gustavo; Nieto Galan, Agustí
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 SPA
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El presente trabajo ofrece una mirada al Natural History Museum de Londres entre finales de la década de 1960 y principios de la de 1980 y al modo en que cambió la identidad y la política expositiva del museo en esa época. La caracterización del público al que debían dirigirse las nuevas exposiciones también cambió pasando de un público con conocimientos y un interés manifiesto en la historia natural a uno mayormente infantil y con pocos o nulos conocimientos. La tesis sigue el proceso de planificación y producción del nuevo modelo expositivo que comenzó a perfilarse en 1968 con el nombramiento del nuevo director Frank Claringbull al que el Board of Trustees del museo le encomendó la misión de ‘renovar' las galerías. En un momento en el que la nación atravesaba serias dificultades económicas y comenzaba a instaurarse un control financiero sobre las instituciones públicas, debían justificar una mayor financiación del gobierno. Con la idea de modificar la imagen del museo, el discurso museográfico del nuevo modelo dejó de centrarse en los especímenes y se consagró a los visitantes. Las nuevas exposiciones sustituyeron de forma significativa los objetos por modelos y dispositivos interactivos y las etiquetas se volvieron un elemento secundario de una historia con un argumento sencillo sobre algún tema contemporáneo y que era ilustrado por algunos especímenes. Además...

Musealização do acervo do Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo: salvaguarda e comunicação de cinco mamíferos taxidermizados da fauna brasileira; Museum processing of the collection of the Museum of Zoology of University of São Paulo: preservation and communication of five taxidermy mammals of Brazilian fauna

Silva, Mauricio Cândido da; Rivero, Alexandre Augusto Carvalho; Salles, Leandro de Oliveira
Fonte: Centro de Preservação Cultural. Pró-Reitoria de Cultura e Extensão - USP. Publicador: Centro de Preservação Cultural. Pró-Reitoria de Cultura e Extensão - USP.
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Avaliado pelos pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2012 POR
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Este artigo apresenta detalhamento técnico e reflexão sobre aspectos referentes à musealização de coleções de história natural, destacando o processo de restauração e exibição de cinco mamíferos de médio porte da América do Sul, para exposições promovidas pelo Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo e em parceria com uma instituição cultural e a Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro.; This paper presents technical details and a reflection on aspects related to natural history museum collections, highlighting the process of restoration and exhibition of five medium-sized mammals from South America, for exhibitions promoted by the Museum of Zoology, University of São Paulo and in partnership with a cultural institution and National University of Rio de Janeiro.