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Nacionalismo, tradição e modernidade; Nationalism, tradition and modernity

Roesler, Carlos Eduardo Noronha
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/11/2008 PT
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37.33%
O objetivo do trabalho é realizar uma reflexão teórica sobre a questão nacional. São analisadas as principais teorias sobre a nação e o nacionalismo, com especial atenção para as relações por elas estabelecidas entre o nacionalismo e a transição para a Era moderna. A formação do Estado-Nação, a utilização da tradição e as transformações promovidas pelo processo de modernização são discutidas a partir da perspectiva da continuidade ou da descontinuidade atribuída às nações a ao nacionalismo. Como resultado, é apresentada uma interpretação do nacionalismo como a busca para encerrar simultaneamente em um mesmo fenômeno a tradição e a modernidade. O nacionalismo é então entendido como um projeto para unificar o passado, o presente e o futuro de uma comunidade, na medida em que procura estabelecer as formas de organização da política a partir da pertença a uma ancestralidade comum. As construções históricas nacionais, conclui-se, podem até serem substituídas, porém tão somente por outras instituições que sejam capazes de oferecer uma mescla entre as origens de uma comunidade, seu desenvolvimento atual e sua idealização de futuro.; The present work pursues a theoretical reflection on the national question. It analyses the main theories on nations and nationalism...

Nacionalismos dos Eslavos-do-sul de 1848 aos dias de hoje: um estudo sobre a relação entre espaço, identidade e poder; Nationalism of the Slavs-the-South, 1848 to today: a study on the relationship between space, identity and power

Momce, Adilson Prizmic
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/08/2009 PT
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37.23%
Esta dissertação reflete sobre os motivos da integração e desmembramento de povos que produzem um espaço comum. Verificam-se aspectos comuns da ideologia iugoslavista do século XIX com as políticas nacionalistas do século XX, visando manifestações de poder comprometidas com a criação de Estados independentes. Sustenta-se que os partidos nacionalistas, antes da 1ª Guerra Mundial, não se rotulavam como partido dos trabalhadores, nem levantavam a bandeira socialista. Além disso, os mentores da unificação dos povos suleslavos almejavam o desenvolvimento comercial e industrial de suas regiões, mas não recebiam apoio das potências européias, nem eram liderados ou financiados por uma elite burguesa. Tentamos demonstrar que, neste primeiro momento do nacionalismo, os eslavosdo- sul realizaram sua união muito mais por iniciativa própria contra a política do Vaticano; contra o atraso feudal; contra a aculturação germânica, e que as intervenções externas favoráveis à formação de Estados eslavos nos Bálcãs foram relevantes somente com o descrédito socialista, uma vez que o Estado iugoslavo não proporcionou a democrática participação entre seus concidadãos nas atividades políticas e econômicas, ensejando o separatismo ultranacionalista. A morte do marechal Tito...

O nacionalismo boliviano em tempos de plurinacionalidade: revoltas antineoliberais e constituinte (2000-2009); Bolivian nationalism in time of plurinationality: anti-neoliberal uprisings and Constituent Assembly (2000-2009)

Iamamoto, Sue Angelica Serra
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/08/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Esta dissertação tem como objetivo analisar o nacionalismo na vida política da Bolívia contemporânea, em especial no interior do bloco histórico (em sentido gramsciano) popular que se forma a partir de 2000 e que passa a ocupar os principais postos do Estado com a eleição de Evo Morales em 2005. Seu recorte temporal cobre as chamadas guerras antineoliberais (Guerra da Água em 2000, Guerra do Gás em 2003 etc.) e o processo constituinte, que vai da Assembleia Constituinte (2006-2007) até a aprovação da nova carta constitucional em um referendo nacional (2009). A nova constituição inaugura um Estado plurinacional, refletindo uma demanda histórica pelo reconhecimento da pluralidade cultural e institucional do país. A partir de autores que concebem o nacionalismo como expressão de determinado conflito político (Tom Nairn, Ernest Gellner) ou como expressão de experiências históricas populares (Anthony D. Smith), foi possível entender o nacionalismo de maneira ampla. Assim, foi possível estabelecer relações entre o nacionalismo e o indigenismo, analisando este último com algumas categorias pensadas originalmente para o exame do primeiro. Por outro lado, para entender a formação de identidades coletivas nacionais bolivianas...

O Líbano e o nacionalismo árabe (1952-1967): o nasserismo como projeto para o mundo árabe e o seu impacto no Líbano; Lebanon and the Arab Nationalism (1952-1967): Nasserism as a project for the Arab World and its impact on Lebanon

Dutra Junior, José Ailton
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/05/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
O presente estudo tem por finalidade descrever a interação conflituosa entre o nacionalismo árabe e o Líbano entre 1952 e 1967. Nesses anos ocorreu a ascensão do nacionalismo árabe, que teve na figura do presidente egípcio Gamal Abdel Nasser a sua principal liderança. Seu objetivo era promover a luta dos povos de língua árabe contra a dependência tecnológica e dominação econômica e/ou política dos países capitalistas centrais, situados na Europa Ocidental e América do Norte. Bem como desenvolver suas sociedades e combater os setores conservadores internos, aliados dos poderes capitalistas ocidentais e pouco interessados em uma modernização mais profunda ou uma grande melhoria nos padrões de vida das classes populares. O objetivo último dos nacionalistas árabes era a unidade de todos os povos árabes em algum tipo de estrutura estatal. No Líbano a ideia da unidade árabe era mais difícil de realizar, pois uma parcela importante da sua população, os cristãos maronitas, não se viam como árabes e buscaram criar um estado separado para eles no começo do século XX, com apoio de uma potência colonial europeia com quem se identificavam e tinha laços históricos: a França. No entanto, para que o Líbano pudesse existir como estado independente viável economicamente...

Competing identities and the emergence of Eritrean Nationalism between 1941 and 1952

Mohammad, Abdulkader Saleh
Fonte: Centro de Estudos Internacionais do Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL) Publicador: Centro de Estudos Internacionais do Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL)
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
This paper investigates the historical and socio-political background of Eritrean nationalism and dismantles the myth of a unique Eritrean national identity: It explores the emergence of nationalism during the British Military Administration (1941–52) and its inconsistency. Eritrea is a multi-lingual state at the Horn of Africa that was occupied by different colonial powers. Resistance arose in the nineteenth century as protest against Abyssinian hegemony and against colonial domination. Yet, nationalism was not a product of modernisation induced by Italy, which affected only limited segments of the society (highlanders). It developed only after the demise of Italian rule after 1941, when Eritrea witnessed democracy and press freedom under the British rule. However, due to ethnic frictions, nationalism was inconsistent and conflict-ridden.

Forsaking all others: towards a new model of nationalism utilizing the case study of former Yugoslavia

Nedeljkovic, Julianna D. Momirov.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.37%
Many people would like to believe that nationalism is a thing of the past, a dinosaur belonging to some bygone, uncivilized era. Such a belief is not borne out by recent history, however. Nationalism occupies the political forum with as much force as ever. Yet, in many ways, it remains a mystery to us. The purpose of this study is to explore individual motivations involved in the rise of nationalism, in addition to the role of structural factors. The linkage employed in this exploration is the psychosocial phenomenon of self-identity, including emotions and self-esteem. We demonstrate how individual, socially-constructed self-identity accounts for why some people embrace nationalism while others eschew it. The methodology employed was theoretical and historical analyses of secondary sources and indepth interviews with subjects who had some connection with former Yugoslavia, the country utilized to test the new model. Our analyses yielded the result that current conceptualizations of nationalism from an exclusively macro or micro perspective are unsatisfactory; we require a more comprehensive approach wherein the two perspectives are integrated. Such an integration necessitates a bridge: hence, our new model, which rests on the psychosocial premise...

Nationalism and Sporting Culture: A Media Analysis of Croatia’s Participation in the 1998 World Cup

Milasincic, Andreja
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The past two centuries have witnessed the rise of nationalist movements and widespread nationalism. As these movements gained strength in Europe, sport played a role in their development. Media representations of sport recount events in a way that reinforces cultural values and this research investigates media representations of Croatian nationalism in the weeks surrounding the country’s third place victory in the 1998 FIFA World Cup. Sociological theories alongside more contemporary theories of sport and nation construction are considered. Croatian newspapers were analyzed for elements of national identity construction. The study concludes that the 1998 World Cup played an important role in Croatia’s on-going construction of nationhood and invention of nationalist traditions. This research further demonstrates sport’s ability to evoke strong emotions that are difficult to witness in other areas of social life and the direct role of sport in garnering nationalism.

Does U.S. Counter-drug Policy Affect Nationalism in the Anglophone Caribbean? A Comparative Study on the Impact of Counter-drug Policy on Nationalism in Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago

Ramdathsingh, Krystel
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This dissertation examined the effect of United States counter-drug policy on nationalism in small states, focusing on Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago. The states were selected for their roles and geostrategic importance in the illegal drug trade; Jamaica being the largest drug producing country in the Anglophone Caribbean and having strong links to the trade of Colombian cocaine, and Trinidad being a mere seven miles from the South American coast. Since U.S. counterdrug policies have frequently been viewed in the region as imperialistic, this dovetails into ideas on the perceptions of smallness and powerlessness of Caribbean nations. Hence, U.S. drug policies affect every vulnerability faced by the Caribbean, individually and collectively. Thus, U.S. drug policy was deemed the most appropriate independent variable, with nationalism as the dependent variable. In both countries four Focus Groups and one Delphi Study were conducted resulting in a total of 60 participants. Focus Group participants, recruited from the general population, were asked about their perception of the illegal drug trade in the country and the policies their government had created. They were also asked their perception on how deeply involved the U.S. was in the creation of these policies and their opinions on whether this involvement was positive or negative. The Delphi Study participants were experts in the field of local drug policies and also gave their interpretations of the role the U.S. played in local policy creation. Coupled with this data...

The Politics of China-Orientated Nationalism in Colonial Hong Kong 1949-1997: A History

Chun, Michael Hon-Chung
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.52%
This thesis is the first comprehensive study of the history of China-orientated nationalism in post-World War II (WWII) colonial Hong Kong. The thesis examines events in each decade diachronically and links them together in a broader perspective. It shows the continuities and changes in the meaning and politics of China-orientated nationalism and how the focus of that nationalism became increasingly on what was happening in Hong Kong rather than China in the long period from 1949 to 1997. Three types of China-orientated nationalism emerged in Hong Kong during the 1949-1997 period: cultural nationalism, political nationalism, and popular nationalism. Some of the exiled Chinese intellectuals in the 1950s promoted cultural nationalism, while political nationalism in Hong Kong revolved around the Chinese Communist Party-Guomindang (CCP-GMD) struggle. Popular nationalism in the post-1967 period was tied primarily to Hong Kong politics. This thesis demonstrates how the various nationalist sentiments were a product of the China factor, the Hong Kong factor, and colonialism. China-orientated nationalism was open to interpretation and its rise and evolution was a haphazard process. Over time, the rhetoric of political nationalism that revolved around the CCP-GMD struggle became less significant as younger generations of Hong Kong Chinese who had little interest in Chinese politics became politically active in the 1970s. In this new phase...

Nationalism and the International Order: Re-interpreting the politics of Banal Croatia, 1908-1918

VELIZ, Fernando
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
The subject of this thesis is the fundamental alteration of state allegiance, political claims and their respective legitimating arguments by political elites in Banal Croatia during the last ten years of the Habsburg Monarchy. The thesis has sought to make a contribution to the study of nationalism by conceptualising nationalist claims as an event that occurs within a specific temporal and geographical framework rather than as essential propositions derived from a static nationalist ideology. The analytical approach suggested by the thesis attempts to move beyond the main paradigmatic debates of the literature of nationalism studies by conducting a theoretically informed historical analysis that seeks to contextualise local events within the wider framework of the international order. The argument has been developed by following a chronological narrative that incorporates a comparative analysis of the main political parties and actors in the Croatian parliament between 1908 and 1918. The gradual erosion of allegiance to the Monarchy was a long and protracted process that saw the gradual abandonment of the concept of Croatian state right for the principle of ethno-national self-determination. But the main objectives of all variants of Croatian nationalism remained the reform of the constitutional arrangements in Austria-Hungary until almost the very end of its existence. It was only with the realisation that the Monarchy would cease to exist that the decision to accept unification with Serbia became an acceptable option. By showing how contingency and external events shape the preferences...

Transatlantic relations the role of nationalism in multinational space cooperation

Crooks, Heather R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 97 p. : col. ill. ;
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Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; Transatlantic partnerships are becoming integral to the success of modern-day aerospace programs. NASA and the European Space Agency have cooperated for decades on such programs. As with all such collaboration between nations, conflicts have and continue to arise between the U.S. and Europe concerning joint aerospace initiatives. This thesis investigates the hypothesis that nationalism has been the major driver within ESA, as well as between ESA and NASA, that hampers multinational cooperation; this thesis will also look to international space visions and the notion of joint space exploration as a partnership, not a competition. Additionally, multiple case studies of space cooperation between the European Union and the U.S. are analyzed, as well as what this could mean for future partnerships. This thesis concludes that cooperation within ESA's member states is hampered by nationalism; however, as a multinational organization, ESA rarely allows nationalism to interfere with international cooperation in space. Though NASA has participated in a range of successful international programs, it has allowed periodic shows of nationalistic actions to hamper some of these projects. The author recommends that future space policy allow for more international cooperation...

Winning bodies and souls state building and the necessity of nationalism

Adams, Jonathan M.
Fonte: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 74 p. : ill. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This thesis argues the obvious, but still widely neglected point that for successful state building to occur in the post-Cold War era, nationalism remains a necessary but not sufficient condition for the emergence of a stable modern nation-state. Nationalism is both the key to state building and the central element in any explanation of the limitations of the modern nation-state and the system of sovereign nation-states in the early 21st century. Without a genuinely unifying nationalism and a strong sense of national identity, underpinned by the provision of goods and services, a modern nation-state is nothing but an ineffective bureaucratic edifice masquerading as a modern sovereign nation-state. Despite the post- Cold War resurgence in the theory and practice of state building (or nation building), the crucial role of nationalism receives virtually no attention. The term nationalism is used here in the deepest sense possible: it is not being used to describe a superficial agreement that 'we are all Iraqis now' or 'all Afghanis now' because 'we' elected a new government, usually under the auspices of the United Nations and ostensibly responsible for the 'national' territory within which 'we' live. The central point of this thesis is that despite its apparent obviousness...

Uri nara, our nation: Unification, identity and the emergence of a new nationalism amongst South Korean young people

Campbell, Emma Louise Gordon
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.33%
This research project investigates the growing ambivalence and antagonism of South Korean young people toward unification with North Korea. Historically, ideas of nation and identity, and thus unification, have been based upon the ethnic and cultural homogeneity of all Korean people. More recently, there has emerged a new type of nationalism based on strikingly different notions of identity. This work addresses the central puzzle of how long-held views of Korean nation and national identity have been challenged so dramatically in recent years – in particular amongst the young. Using data obtained from over 90 interviews, surveys and other documentary evidence collected in the field, I show how negativity toward unification with North Korea is increasing and argue that a new South Korean nationalism has arisen amongst South Korea’s young people. This new nationalism is demonstrated both by the changing attitudes to unification and North Korea and by a growing sense of national pride and confidence in South Korea. The new nationalism can be described as a globalised-cultural nationalism, reflecting the central role played by globalisation in its construction and expression. This work contests the assumption that unification ‘is the hope of all Koreans’ and the inevitable outcome for the Korean peninsula. It contributes to understanding short-term challenges as more North Koreans move to the South and provides insights into longer-term preparations for possible reunification. From a theoretical perspective...

Walking my hometown: practices of everyday nationalism in contemporary Japan

Kawabata, Kohei
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.29%
This thesis questions the nationalism that is practiced in everyday life, which the conventional studies of nationalism have not fully dealt with. As a series of case studies, I deal with the rise of neo-nationalism in contemporary Japanese society. In particular, I focus on the 'border-creation' that is practiced in the everyday lives of people through labour and consumption. The people who are living in advanced capitalist states in the age of global information capitalism do not exclaim "hot nationalism" but rather consume "cool nationalism". ... While conventional ethnic studies tend to focus on either the 'majority' or 'minority', this thesis focuses on the interactions and linkages between the 'majority' and 'minority'. In consumer-oriented society, residence and lifestyle are increasingly becoming similar to each other. While 'majority' or 'minority communities are dismantling, their lifestyles have become 'individualized'. In that sense, through focusing on the interactions and linkages between the two groups, it is possible to identify a critical cooperation between the two within a consumer-oriented Japanese society in the age of global information capitalism. Through the encounters with my friends and Zainichi Koreans in my hometown...

Evaluating nationalism in the Liberal framework

Hejazi, Omid
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 644745 bytes; application/pdf
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.29%
This essay is an attempt to explain and assess the liberal nationalists’ view on the problems of the legitimacy of nationalism and cultural rights. I want to look at some theories over the past fifteen years that normatively evaluate ‘nationalism’ according to the liberal principles. The main focus of the first part will be on three questions, which are: the question of legitimacy (is nationalism permissible?), the question of justice (is nationalism required?), and the question of appropriate format (what forms of nationalism and nationalistic policies are considered as legitimate and just?). In the second part, by considering the alleged conflict between the ‘minority nation-building’ and the ‘majority nation-building’ in multination countries, I will examine two models for resolving this conflict: ‘Multinational Federalism’ and ‘Transnational Federalism’. I will argue that, though most liberal nationalists support the former model, they fail to provide a convincing normative ground for justifying Multinational Federalism and stopping national minorities from secession. The liberal nationalists’ arguments for necessity of nationalism, ironically, undermine their own claim about normative importance of Multinational Federalism in comparison to Transnational Federalism. This is what I call ‘the paradox of liberal nationalism’.; Thesis (Master...

Nacionalismo árabe: apogeu e declínio; Arab nationalism: apogee and decline

Vicenzi, Roberta Aragoni Nogueira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/02/2007 PT
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Este trabalho é fruto de uma reflexão que busca explicações acerca tanto do apogeu quanto do declínio do nacionalismo árabe, na história, mas, sobretudo, em cinco teorias da nação e do nacionalismo, a saber, a de Ernest Gellner, a de Benedict Anderson, a de John Plamenatz, a de Elie Kedourie e, finalmente, a de Anthony Smith. Para tanto, apresentamos, em primeiro lugar, cada uma das abordagens teóricas supracitadas. Em seguida, discorremos sobre o nosso objeto, ou seja, o nacionalismo árabe, de uma perspectiva histórica (origens, auge e declínio). Por fim, procurando teorizar sobre um tema basicamente dominado por historiadores, analisamos o pan-arabismo à luz das referidas teorias e daí tiramos nossas conclusões sobre seu crescimento e sua decadência.; This research is outcome of the thinking that seeks explanations about arab nationalism\'s apogee and decline by the history, but, over all, by the Ernest Gellner\'s, Benedict Andersons, John Plamenatz\'s, Elie Kedourie\'s and, finally, Anthony Smith\'s nation and nationalism\'s theory. For that, first of all, we explain each one of the mention theoretical approach. Soon after, present the arab nationalism in the historical perspective (origins, apogee and decline). Finally...

Nationalism and Cosmopolitanism: Irreconcilable Differences or Possible Bedfellows?

Bowden, Brett
Fonte: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group Publicador: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Sparked by the recent reinvigoration of the long-running debate over the competing ideological merits of nationalism and cosmopolitanism by leading Western philosophers, this article presents an argument as to how these two adversarial projects might be r

Nationalism versus cosmopolitanism : a comparative approach

Guibernau, Montserrat
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.37%
Nationalism and cosmopolitanism are often portrayed as radically opposed to each other and scholars defining themselves as ‘cosmopolitans’ tend to display a very critical attitude towards anything that includes the word ‘nationalism’ and/ or ‘national’. Being a nationalist is frequently regarded as an obstacle to adopting a cosmopolitan outlook, as being in direct opposition with it. Why is this so? Are there any particular circumstances in which both cosmopolitanism and nationalism can coexist and be compatible? Or, on the contrary, are we faced with two irreconcilable ideologies? Following current debates on these issues, this paper offers a careful analysis of the specific conditions in which nationalism and cosmopolitanism might become compatible. The paper is divided into four sections. First, it considers the treatment of nationalism in classical social theory and offers a detailed analysis of the concepts of state, nation and nationalism as well as the interrelations between the three. Second it introduces cosmopolitanism by studying its origins, development and key principles. Third, the paper adopts a comparative theoretical approach to establish a distinction between democratic and non- democratic forms of nationalism. To illustrate this it examines democratic Catalan nationalism...

Nacionalismo no centro e na periferia do capitalismo; Nationalism at the centre and periphery of Capitalism

Bresser-Pereira, Luiz Carlos
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Avançados Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Avançados
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2008 POR; ENG
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Neste trabalho, inicialmente, argumento que o nacionalismo é uma das ideologias das sociedades modernas conjuntamente com o liberalismo, o socialismo, o eficientismo e o ambientalismo. Em seguida, na primeira seção, defino a nação como a forma de sociedade politicamente organizada que nasce com a revolução capitalista e leva à formação dos estados-nação, e o nacionalismo como a ideologia correspondente: seu objetivo é a autonomia e o desenvolvimento econômico nacional. Na segunda seção, distingo o nacionalismo dos países centrais daquele dos países periféricos; enquanto nos primeiros o nacionalismo é implícito, nos periféricos ou é explícito ou então deriva para o cosmopolitismo. Na terceira, argumento que, embora o imperialismo seja inevitável entre países fortes e fracos, ele mudará de características na medida em que essa relação de forças se modificar graças ao nacionalismo dos dominados. Ainda nessa seção, faço uma breve referência ao Brasil. Finalmente, volto às ideologias do capitalismo para mostrar que, ao contrário das demais, o nacionalismo é uma ideologia particularista - o que aumenta a resistência a ela e facilita a tarefa de dominação dos países centrais. Não obstante, o nacionalismo não morre porque é um princípio organizador da sociedade capitalista.; In this work I show that nationalism...

Resource nationalism in the South African mineral sector: Sanity through stability

Cawood,F.T.; Oshokoya,O.P.
Fonte: Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Publicador: Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
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Despite economic law and policy instruments with righteous intentions, the politics of resource nationalism could render these instruments unworkable. South Africa is a case in point. After the establishment of democracy, the country's outdated law and policy framework was replaced with a modern system, and in many respects an exemplary one. Converting the privately-owned mineral right system into a scheme of state custodianship allowed for several resource nationalism instruments, in addition to a resources royalty structure that first, compensates for the loss of a non-renewable resource; second, provides for optimal resource use through encouraging value addition to mineral production; and third, effectively targets economic rents. However, despite these improvements, the country went through a process of fierce debate on whether or not mines should be nationalized: the debate was fuelled by public anger with claims of political non-delivery. The result was considerable noise because of public unawareness of facts and distortion of the facts in political rhetoric. The purpose of this article is, first, to establish the status of resource nationalism in South Africa's mineral and fiscal frameworks; second, to give an opinion on the findings of the African National Congress's document on state intervention (Maximising the Developmental Impact of the People's Mineral Assets: State Intervention in the Minerals Sector (SIMS)...