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Antioxidant effects of quercetin and naringenin are associated with impaired neutrophil microbicidal activity

Nishimura, Francielli de Cássia Yukari; De Almeida, Ana Carolina; Ratti, Bianca Altrão; Ueda-Nakamura, Tânia; Nakamura, Celso Vataru; Ximenes, Valdecir Farias; De Oliveira Silva, Sueli
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Naringenin and quercetin are considered antioxidant compounds with promising activity against oxidative damage in human cells. However, no reports have described their effects on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by phagocytes during microbicidal activity. Thus, the present study evaluated the effects of naringenin and quercetin on ROS production, specifically hypochlorous acid (HOCl), and their involvement in the microbicidal activity of neutrophils. Naringenin and quercetin inhibited HOCl production through different systems, but this inhibition was more pronounced for quercetin, even in the cell-free systems. With regard to the microbicidal activity of neutrophils, both naringenin and quercetin completely inhibited the killing of Staphylococcus aureus. Altogether, these data indicate that the decrease in the oxidant activity of neutrophils induced by these compounds directly impaired the microbicidal activity of neutrophils. Naringenin and quercetin exerted their effects by controlling the effector mechanisms of ROS production, with both positive and negative effects of these antioxidant agents in oxidative stress conditions and on ROS in the microbicidal activity of phagocytes. The present results challenge the traditional view of antioxidants as improvers of pathological conditions. © 2013 Francielli de Cássia Yukari Nishimura et al.

Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of extracts, fractions and isolated substances from the flowers of Acacia podalyriifolia A. Cunn. ex G. Don

Andrade,Cláudia Alexandra de; Carvalho,João Luiz de Souza; Cunico,Miriam Machado; Lordello,Ana Luísa Lacava; Higaskino,Carmen Etsuko Kataoka; Almeida,Siumara Costa da Cruz; Dias,Josiane de Fátima Gaspari; Kerber,Vitor Alberto; Miguel,Marilis Dallarmi;
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 EN
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The extracts and fractions from the flowers of A. podalyriifolia were analyzed previously for antibacterial activity using diffusion in disk, Antioxidant properties were evaluated by determining radical scavenging power (DPPH test) and total phenol content was measured (Folin method). The present study describes the in vitro antibacterial (determining minimum inhibitory concentration) and antioxidant activities (by thiobarbituric acid reactive species - TBARS method) for the ethanol extract, dichloromethane and ethyl acetate fractions and two flavanones (naringenin and 5-β-D-glycosyl-naringenin) isolated from the flowers of Acacia podalyriifolia A. Cunn. ex G. Don. The flavanones naringenin and 5-β-D-glycosyl-naringenin had not previously been obtained from this species. The most effective antibacterial activity was observed in the ethyl acetate fraction (MIC=0.25 mg mL-1 against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538, MIC = 0.125 mg mL-1 against Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 12229, MIC=0.5 mg mL-1 against Streptococcus pyogenes ATCC 19615, Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 13883 and Proteus mirabilis ATCC 43071). The evaluated samples showed antioxidant activity on the TBARS test, especially for ethanol extract (1000 ppm), which was the most active (29.43% ± 0.65) followed by ethyl acetate fraction (1000 ppm...

Accumulation of a nod gene inducer, the flavonoid naringenin, in the cytoplasmic membrane of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar viciae is caused by the pH-dependent hydrophobicity of naringenin.

Recourt, K; van Brussel, A A; Driessen, A J; Lugtenberg, B J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1989 EN
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Most Sym plasmid-localized nodulation genes of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae are only expressed upon activation of the NodD protein by plant flavonoids, e.g., naringenin (S. A. J. Zaat, C. A. Wijffelman, H. P. Spaink, A. A. N. van Brussel, and B. J. J. Lugtenberg, J. Bacteriol, 169:198-204, 1987). As part of a study on the mechanism of NodD protein activation, the mechanism of uptake and the intracellular fate of [3H]naringenin were studied. Naringenin was accumulated by Rhizobium cells without apparent metabolic conversion to an 80-fold-higher concentration in a process which did not require any of the other Sym plasmid-localized nod genes. Naringenin accumulation was nonsaturable, highly reversible, and not inhibited by the presence of other flavonoids or the metabolic inhibitors potassium cyanide, sodium azide, 2,4-dinitrophenol, and carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone. These data indicate an accumulation mechanism without high affinity sites which does not use cellular energy. In vitro, naringenin has high affinity for the cytoplasmic membrane. This binding was pH dependent, very high at pH 5.7 and not present anymore at pH 9.7. A similar pH dependency was found for the affinity of naringenin for the olive oil fraction of a biphasic olive oil-water system. pH-dependent changes in the UV spectrum indicate ionization of naringenin at high pH to a negatively charged form. Since it has recently been shown that the nodD gene product is located in the cytoplasmic membrane (H. R. M. Schlaman...

Inhibition of apoB secretion from HepG2 cells by insulin is amplified by naringenin, independent of the insulin receptor*

Allister, Emma M.; Mulvihill, Erin E.; Barrett, P. Hugh R.; Edwards, Jane Y.; Carter, Lindsey P.; Huff, Murray W.
Fonte: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Publicador: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2008 EN
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Hepatic overproduction of apolipoprotein B (apoB)-containing lipoproteins is characteristic of the dyslipidemia associated with insulin resistance. Recently, we demonstrated that the flavonoid naringenin, like insulin, decreased apoB secretion from HepG2 cells by activation of both the phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3-K) pathway and the mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular-regulated kinase (MAPKerk) pathway. In the present study, we determined whether naringenin-induced signaling required the insulin receptor (IR) and sensitized the cell to the effects of insulin, and whether the kinetics of apoB assembly and secretion in cells exposed to naringenin were similar to those of insulin. Immunoblot analysis revealed that insulin stimulated maximal phosphorylation of IR and IR substrate-1 after 10 min, whereas naringenin did not affect either at any time point up to 60 min. The combination of naringenin and submaximal concentrations of insulin potentiated extracellular-regulated kinase 1/2 activation and enhanced upregulation of the LDL receptor, downregulation of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein expression, and inhibition of apoB-100 secretion. Multicompartmental modeling of apoB pulse-chase studies revealed that attenuation of secreted radiolabeled apoB in naringenin- or insulin-treated cells was similar under lipoprotein-deficient or oleate-stimulated conditions. Naringenin and insulin both stimulated intracellular apoB degradation via a kinetically defined rapid pathway. Therefore...

Disposition of Naringenin via Glucuronidation Pathway Is Affected by Compensating Efflux Transporters of Hydrophilic Glucuronides

Xu, Haiyan; Kulkarni, Kaustubh H.; Singh, Rashim; Yang, Zhen; Wang, Stephen W.J.; Tam, Vincent H.; Hu, Ming
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
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The purposes of this study were to investigate how efflux transporters and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) affect the disposition of naringenin. A rat intestinal perfusion model with bile duct cannulation was used along with rat intestinal and liver microsomes. In the intestinal perfusion model, both absorption and subsequent excretion of naringenin metabolites were rapid and site-dependent (p < 0.05). Naringenin was absorbed the most in colon and its glucuronides were excreted the most in duodenum. In metabolism studies, the intrinsic clearance value of naringenin glucuronidation was the highest in jejunum microsomes, followed by liver, ileal and colonic microsomes. The rapid metabolism in microsomes did not always translate into more efficient excretion in the rat perfusion model, however, because of presence of rate-limiting efflux transporters. When used separately, MK-571 (an inhibitor of multidrug resistance-related protein 2 or Mrp2) or dipyridamole (an inhibitor of breast cancer resistance protein or Bcrp1) did not affect excretion of naringenin glucuronides, but when used together, they significantly (p < 0.05) decreased intestinal and biliary excretion of naringenin glucuronides. In conclusion, efflux transporters Mrp2 and Bcrp1 are shown to compensate for each other and enable the intestinal excretion of flavonoid (i.e....

Enhancement of Naringenin Bioavailability by Complexation with Hydroxypropoyl-β-Cyclodextrin

Shulman, Maria; Cohen, Merav; Soto-Gutierrez, Alejandro; Yagi, Hiroshi; Wang, Hongyun; Goldwasser, Jonathan; Lee-Parsons, Carolyn W.; Benny-Ratsaby, Ofra; Yarmush, Martin L.; Nahmias, Yaakov
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/04/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.88%
The abundant flavonoid aglycone, naringenin, which is responsible for the bitter taste in grapefruits, has been shown to possess hypolipidemic and anti-inflammatory effects both in vitro and in vivo. Recently, our group demonstrated that naringenin inhibits hepatitis C virus (HCV) production, while others demonstrated its potential in the treatment of hyperlipidemia and diabetes. However, naringenin suffers from low oral bioavailability critically limiting its clinical potential. In this study, we demonstrate that the solubility of naringenin is enhanced by complexation with β-cyclodextrin, an FDA approved excipient. Hydroxypropoyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD), specifically, increased the solubility of naringenin by over 400-fold, and its transport across a Caco-2 model of the gut epithelium by 11-fold. Complexation of naringenin with HPβCD increased its plasma concentrations when fed to rats, with AUC values increasing by 7.4-fold and Cmax increasing 14.6-fold. Moreover, when the complex was administered just prior to a meal it decreased VLDL levels by 42% and increased the rate of glucose clearance by 64% compared to naringenin alone. These effects correlated with increased expression of the PPAR co-activator, PGC1α in both liver and skeletal muscle. Histology and blood chemistry analysis indicated this route of administration was not associated with damage to the intestine...

Enantiomers of Naringenin as Pleiotropic, Stereoselective Inhibitors of Cytochrome P450 Isoforms

Lu, Wenjie Jessie; Ferlito, Valentina; Xu, Cong; Flockhart, David A; Caccamese, Salvatore
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Interactions between naringenin and the cytochrome P450 (CYP) system have been of interest since the first demonstration that grapefruit juice reduced CYP3A activity. The effects of naringenin on other CYP isoforms have been less investigated. In addition, it is well known that interactions with enzymes are often stereospecific, but due to the lack of readily available, chirally pure naringenin enantiomers, the enantioselectivity of its effects has not been characterized. We isolated pure naringenin enantiomers by chiral HPLC and tested the ability of (R)-, (S)-and rac-naringenin to inhibit several important drug-metabolizing CYP isoforms using recombinant enzymes and pooled human liver microsomes. Naringenin was able to inhibit CYP19, CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 with IC50 values below 5 μM. No appreciable inhibition of CYP2B6 or CYP2D6 was observed at concentrations up to 10 μM. While (S)-naringenin was 2-fold more potent as an inhibitor of CYP19 and CYP2C19 than (R)-naringenin, (R)-naringenin was 2-fold more potent for CYP2C9 and CYP3A. Chiral flavanones like naringenin are difficult to separate into their enantiomeric forms, but enantioselective effects may be observed that ultimately impact clinical effects. Inhibition of specific drug metabolizing enzymes by naringenin observed in vitro may be exploited to understand pharmacokinetic changes seen in vivo.

Naringenin prevents cholesterol-induced systemic inflammation, metabolic dysregulation, and atherosclerosis in Ldlr−/− mice[S]

Assini, Julia M.; Mulvihill, Erin E.; Sutherland, Brian G.; Telford, Dawn E.; Sawyez, Cynthia G.; Felder, Sarah L.; Chhoker, Sanjiv; Edwards, Jane Y.; Gros, Robert; Huff, Murray W.
Fonte: The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Publicador: The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2013 EN
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Obesity-associated chronic inflammation contributes to metabolic dysfunction and propagates atherosclerosis. Recent evidence suggests that increased dietary cholesterol exacerbates inflammation in adipose tissue and liver, contributing to the proatherogenic milieu. The ability of the citrus flavonoid naringenin to prevent these cholesterol-induced perturbations is unknown. To assess the ability of naringenin to prevent the amplified inflammatory response and atherosclerosis induced by dietary cholesterol, male Ldlr−/− mice were fed either a cholesterol-enriched high-fat or low-fat diet supplemented with 3% naringenin for 12 weeks. Naringenin, through induction of hepatic fatty acid (FA) oxidation and attenuation of FA synthesis, prevented hepatic steatosis, hepatic VLDL overproduction, and hyperlipidemia induced by both cholesterol-rich diets. Naringenin attenuated hepatic macrophage infiltration and inflammation stimulated by dietary cholesterol. Insulin resistance, adipose tissue expansion, and inflammation were alleviated by naringenin. Naringenin attenuated the cholesterol-induced formation of both foam cells and expression of inflammatory markers in peritoneal macrophages. Naringenin significantly decreased atherosclerosis and inhibited the formation of complex lesions...

Protective effect of naringenin against experimental colitis via suppression of Toll-like receptor 4/NF-κB signalling

Dou, Wei; Zhang, Jingjing; Sun, Aning; Zhang, Eryun; Ding, Lili; Mukherjee, Subhajit; Wei, Xiaohui; Chou, Guixin; Wang, Zheng-Tao; Mani, Sridhar
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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27.8%
Naringenin, one of the most abundant flavonoids in citrus, grapefruits and tomatoes, has been used as a traditional anti-inflammatory agent for centuries. However, the molecular mechanism of naringenin in intestinal inflammation remains unknown so far. The present study investigated a molecular basis for the protective effect of naringenin in dextran sulphate Sodium-induced murine colitis. Pre-administration of naringenin significantly reduced the severity of colitis and resulted in down-regulation of pro-inflammatory mediators (inducible NO synthase (iNOS), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), cyclo-oxygenase-2 (Cox2), TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA) in the colon mucosa. The decline in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, specifically TNF-α and IL-6, correlated with a decrease in mucosal Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) mRNA and protein. Phospho-NF-κB p65 protein was significantly decreased, which correlated with a similar decrease in phospho-IκBα protein. Consistent with the in vivo results, naringenin exposure blocked lipopolysaccharide-stimulated nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 in mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells. In addition, in vitro NF-κB reporter assays performed on human colonic HT-29 cells exposed to naringenin demonstrated a significant inhibition of TNF-α-induced NF-κB luciferase expression. Thus...

Naringenin Inhibits Adipogenesis and Reduces Insulin Sensitivity and Adiponectin Expression in Adipocytes

Richard, Allison J.; Amini-Vaughan, Zhaleh; Ribnicky, David M.; Stephens, Jacqueline M.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Adipose tissue development and function are widely studied to examine the relationship between obesity and the metabolic syndrome. It is well documented that the inability of adipose tissue to properly increase its lipid storage capacity during the obese state can lead to metabolic dysfunction. In a blind screen of 425 botanicals, we identified naringenin as an inhibitor of adipocyte differentiation. Naringenin is one of the most abundant citrus flavonoids, and recent studies have demonstrated antihyperlipidemic capabilities. These studies have largely focused on the effects of naringenin on the liver. Our biochemical studies clearly demonstrate that naringenin inhibits adipogenesis and impairs mature fat cell function. Naringenin specifically inhibited adipogenesis in a dose-dependent fashion as judged by examining lipid accumulation and induction of adipocyte marker protein expression. In mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes, naringenin reduced the ability of insulin to induce IRS-1 tyrosine phosphorylation and substantially inhibited insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in a dose-dependent manner and over a time frame of 1.5 to 24 hours. Exposure to naringenin also inhibited adiponectin protein expression in mature murine and human adipocytes. Our studies have revealed that naringenin may have a negative impact on adipocyte-related diseases by limiting differentiation of preadipocytes...

Protective Effect of Hesperetin and Naringenin against Apoptosis in Ischemia/Reperfusion-Induced Retinal Injury in Rats

Kara, Selcuk; Gencer, Baran; Karaca, Turan; Tufan, Hasan Ali; Arikan, Sedat; Ersan, Ismail; Karaboga, Ihsan; Hanci, Volkan
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/01/2014 EN
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Purpose. Hesperetin and naringenin are naturally common flavonoids reported to have antioxidative effects. This study was performed to investigate whether either hesperetin or naringenin has a protective effect against apoptosis on retinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Methods. Retinal I/R was induced by increasing the intraocular pressure to 150 mmHg for 60 minutes. Thirty-three male Wistar albino rats were randomised into 5 groups named control, I/R + sham, I/R + solvent (DMSO), I/R + hesperetin, and I/R + naringenin. Animals were given either hesperetin, naringenin, or the solvent intraperitoneally immediately following reperfusion. Thickness of retinal layers and retinal cell apoptosis were detected by histological analysis, tunel assay, and immunohistochemistry assay. Results. Hesperetin and naringenin attenuated the I/R-induced apoptosis of retinal cells in the inner and outer nuclear cells of the rat retina. Retinal layer thickness of the naringenin treatment group was significantly thicker than that of the hesperetin, sham, and solvent groups (P < 0.05). Conclusions. Hesperetin and naringenin can prevent harmful effects induced by I/R injury in the rat retina by inhibiting apoptosis of retinal cells, which suggests that those flavanones have a therapeutic potential for the protection of ocular ischemic diseases.

Preparation of Naringenin/β-Cyclodextrin Complex and Its More Potent Alleviative Effect on Choroidal Neovascularization in Rats

Xu, Xin-rong; Yu, Hai-tao; Hang, Li; Shao, Yan; Ding, Shu-hua; Yang, Xue-wen
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is characterized by abnormal blood vessels growing from the choroid. Current remedies for CNV have not shown favorable therapeutic efficacy. It is urgent to identify and develop more safe and potent anti-CNV agents via multiple technologies. We previously showed that the natural product naringenin attenuated CNV. However, naringenin has poor water solubility and low bioavailability. Here, we prepared the β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) complex of naringenin and characterized it using infrared spectra and X-ray diffraction analyses. Determination of content and solubility in the complex showed that naringenin accounted for 20.53% in the complex and its solubility was increased by more than 10-fold. Using a laser-induced CNV model in rats we demonstrated that naringenin/β-CD complex more significantly reduced CNV area than naringenin alone in rats. Furthermore, naringenin and its β-CD complex significantly inhibited the mRNA and protein expression of VEGF, COX-2, PI3K, p38MAPK, MMP-2, and MMP-9 in retina and choroid tissues. Naringenin/β-CD complex showed more significant inhibitory effect on VEGF and COX-2 expression than naringenin. These results collectively indicated that naringenin/β-CD complex could be a promising therapeutic option for CNV and that the beneficial effects could be linked to the anti-inflammatory properties of naringenin.

Naringenin suppresses K562 human leukemia cell proliferation and ameliorates Adriamycin-induced oxidative damage in polymorphonuclear leukocytes

LI, RUI-FANG; FENG, YING-QIAN; CHEN, JUN-HUI; GE, LIN-TONG; XIAO, SHU-YUAN; ZUO, XUE-LAN
Fonte: D.A. Spandidos Publicador: D.A. Spandidos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.97%
Treatments for leukemia remain unsatisfactory. Conventional chemotherapy agents that aim to kill tumor cells may also damage normal cells and thus result in severe side-effects. Naringenin, a natural polyphenolic compound with antioxidant effects, has been revealed to have significant antitumor effects with low toxicity in preliminary studies. Thus, it is considered as one of the most promising flavonoids in the treatment of leukemia. In the present study, the effects of naringenin on the K562 human leukemia cell line and the underlying mechanisms were explored in vitro. In addition, human peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) were used as a normal control in order to evaluate the effects of naringenin on normal granulocytes and in the mediation of Adriamycin (ADM)-induced oxidative damage. The results revealed that K562 proliferation was significantly inhibited by naringenin in a time- and concentration-dependent manner; however, minimal cytotoxic effects were observed in PMNs when naringenin was used at concentrations <400 μmol/l. Morphological changes indicative of apoptosis were observed in naringenin-treated K562 cells. Flow cytometric analysis indicated that the K562 cells were arrested in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle with a significantly upregulated rate of apoptosis. Furthermore...

Enhancement of Naringenin Bioavailability by Complexation with Hydroxypropoyl-β-Cyclodextrin

Shulman, Maria; Cohen, Merav; Soto-Gutierrez, Alejandro; Yagi, Hiroshi; Goldwasser, Jonathan; Lee-Parsons, Carolyn W.; Benny-Ratsaby, Ofra; Wang, Hongyun; Yarmush, Martin Leon; Nahmias, Yaakov
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.88%
The abundant flavonoid aglycone, naringenin, which is responsible for the bitter taste in grapefruits, has been shown to possess hypolipidemic and anti-inflammatory effects both in vitro and in vivo. Recently, our group demonstrated that naringenin inhibits hepatitis C virus (HCV) production, while others demonstrated its potential in the treatment of hyperlipidemia and diabetes. However, naringenin suffers from low oral bioavailability critically limiting its clinical potential. In this study, we demonstrate that the solubility of naringenin is enhanced by complexation with β-cyclodextrin, an FDA approved excipient. Hydroxypropoyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD), specifically, increased the solubility of naringenin by over 400-fold, and its transport across a Caco-2 model of the gut epithelium by 11-fold. Complexation of naringenin with HPβ2CD increased its plasma concentrations when fed to rats, with AUC values increasing by 7.4-fold and Cmax increasing 14.6-fold. Moreover, when the complex was administered just prior to a meal it decreased VLDL levels by 42% and increased the rate of glucose clearance by 64% compared to naringenin alone. These effects correlated with increased expression of the PPAR co-activator, PGC1α in both liver and skeletal muscle. Histology and blood chemistry analysis indicated this route of administration was not associated with damage to the intestine...

Hypolipidaemic effects of naringenin, rutin, nicotinic acid and their associations

Santos, Kelly Fabiane Ricardo; Oliveira, T?nia Toledo de; Nagem, Tanus Jorge; Pinto, Alo?sio da Silva; Oliveira, Maria Goreti de Almeida
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto Publicador: Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto
Tipo: Artigo publicado em periodico
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.69%
Atherosclerosis can be defined as being a disease of coronary circulation. The present workevaluates the action of the naringenin, rutin, nicotinic acid, isolated and in association, on the metabolism of lipids. Cholesterol, cholesterol HDL, and triacylglycerols have been dosed after retreat of blood, following the administration of the compounds dissolved in propylene glycol by intraperitoneal route in doses of 5 mg kgy1 body wt. Results evidence that naringenin and nicotinic acid, isolated as well as their association with naringenin and nicotinic acid ] rutin, present the largest percentual reduction of cholesterol. On the other hand, the best results for cholesterol-HDL have been obtained with naringenin, while rutin has shown the best triacylglycerols levels.

Avaliação da performance de formulações fotoprotetoras associadas a mangiferina e naringenina: fotoestabilidade e fototoxicidade; Performance of photoprotective formulations containing mangiferin and naringenin: photostability and phototoxicity evaluation

Kawakami, Camila Martins
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/04/2015 PT
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Atualmente, devido ao conhecimento dos danos causados pela exposição da pele à radiação UV, existe uma tendência em utilizar, além dos filtros solares convencionais, substâncias naturais com potencial antioxidante. Entretanto, o uso de associações fotoinstáveis, pode, além de comprometer a capacidade fotoprotetora, levar à formação de intermediários reativos que podem ocasionar dermatites de contato e reações fototóxicas na pele. Dessa forma, o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a fotoestabilidade e fototoxicidade de formulações fotoprotetoras contendo diferentes associações de filtros solares acrescidas ou não dos polifenóis mangiferina e naringenina. Para o estudo de fotoestabilidade, amostras das formulações foram aplicadas em lâminas de vidro e expostas à radiação UVA e, a seguir, foram feitas análises por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (CLAE), para dosagem do teor de filtros solares e antioxidantes, e por espectrofotometria, para determinação da razão UVA/UVB. A fototoxicidade foi avaliada por meio do uso de cultura de fibroblastos 3T3, submetida ou não à radiação UVA, para determinação da viabilidade celular. Os resultados de fotoestabilidade por CLAE demonstraram que a naringenina...

Effects of naringenin on glucose uptake in L6 skeletal muscle cells

Zygmunt, Katarzyna.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of inadequate insulin action and consequent high blood glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes accounts for the majority of cases of the disease and is characterized by insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency resulting in metabolic deregulation. It is a complex disorder to treat as its pathogenesis is not fully understood and involves a variety of defects including ~-cell failure, insulin resistance in the classic target tissues (adipose, muscle, liver), as well as defects in a-cells and kidney, brain, and gastrointestinal tissue. Present oral treatments, which aim at mimicking the effects of insulin, remain limited in their efficacy and therefore the study of the effects of novel compounds on insulin target tissues is an important area of research both for potentially finding more treatment options as well as for increasing our knowledge of metabolic regulation in health and disease. In recent years the extensively studied polyphenol, resveratrol, has been reported to have antidiabetic effects showing that it increases glucose uptake by skeletal muscle cells and prevents fatty acid-induced insulin resistance in vitro and in vivo. Naringenin, a citrus flavonoid with structural similarities to resveratrol...

Conformational study of naringenin in the isolated and solvated states by semiempirical and Ab Initio methods

Perry, Katia da Silva Peixoto; Nagem, Tanus Jorge; Almeida, Wagner Batista de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto Publicador: Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto
Tipo: Artigo publicado em periodico
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.75%
Conformational study of naringenin in the isolated and solvated states by semiempirical and Ab Initio methods Naringenin is a natural widespread flavanone occurring in different foodstuffs that presents several important biological activities. Although its properties are well documented, its mechanisms of action are still controversial. The present article reports a conformational analysis of naringenin, using the semiempirical AM1 and ab initio methods, at the Hartree-Fock level of theory. The 3-21G, 3-21G*, 6-31G, and 6-31G** basis sets were used. The electron correlation effects were included through the M011er-Plesset second-order perturbation theory. The solvation of naringenin has been investigated through the standard SCRF, the supermolecule (SM), and the combined SM/SCRF models. The results have shown that there are two degenerate forms of naringenin, differing mainly by the orientation of a hydroxyl group (C4'?OH). The energy barrier for the interconversion between them is ca. 6 kcal.mol -1 , suggesting some conjugation between the p-system of the aromatic B ring and the hydroxyl group (C4'?OH).

Sorption and Interaction of the Flavonoid Naringenin on Tomato Fruit Cuticles

Dominguez, E.; Luque, Patricia; Heredia, A.
Fonte: American Chemical Society Publicador: American Chemical Society
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 36557 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
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37.48%
The flavonoid naringenin accumulates in tomato fruit epidermis during ripening. The sorption of this flavonoid to enzymatically isolated cuticles of Solanum lycopersicum was studied as a function of the temperature and naringenin concentration at two stages of fruit growth. The selected stages were mature green, without flavonoids in the cuticle, and ripe tomato, with significant amounts of flavonoids in the cuticle.; Research Grant AGL2006-12494 from Plan Nacional de I+D, Ministerio de Educacin y Ciencia, Spain.; Peer reviewed

Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of extracts, fractions and isolated substances from the flowers of Acacia podalyriifolia A. Cunn. ex G. Don

Andrade, Cláudia Alexandra de; Carvalho, João Luiz de Souza; Cunico, Miriam Machado; Lordello, Ana Luísa Lacava; Higaskino, Carmen Etsuko Kataoka; Almeida, Siumara Costa da Cruz; Dias, Josiane de Fátima Gaspari; Kerber, Vitor Alberto; Miguel, Marilis
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2010 ENG
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27.84%
Os extratos e frações de Acacia podalyriifolia foram analisados previamente para a atividade antibacteriana através da difusão em disco e as propriedades antioxidantes foram verificadas pela determinação da capacidade removedora do radical livre DPPH e pela mensuração do conteúdo de fenólicos totais (Método de Folin). O presente estudo descreve as atividades antibacteriana (determinação da concentração inibitória mínima) e antioxidante (espécies reativas do ácido tiobarbitúrico - teste TBARS) para o extrato etanólico e as frações diclorometano e acetato de etila e para duas flavanonas (naringenina e 5-β-D-glicosil-naringenina) isoladas das flores de Acacia podalyriifolia A. Cunn. ex G. Don. As flavanonas naringenina e 5-β-D-glicosil-naringenina ainda não haviam sido obtidas desta espécie. A atividade antibacteriana mais efetiva foi observada com a fração acetato de etila (CIM=0,25 mg/mL contra Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538; CIM=0,125 mg/mL, contra Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 12229; CIM=0,5 mg/mL contra Streptococcus pyogenes ATCC 19615, Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 13883 e Proteus mirabilis ATCC 43071). As amostras avaliadas demonstraram atividade pelo teste TBARS, especialmente o extrato etanólico (1000 ppm)...