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Marcos do desenvolvimento organizacional da ONG Aids Casa de Assistência Filadélfia - CAF ; Marks of Organizational Development of the AIDS/NGO - Casa de Assistência Filadélfia – CAF

Bochio, Ieda Maria Siebra
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/09/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.97%
O estudo da epidemia da AIDS no Brasil possibilita observar uma somatória das ações e conquistas de diferentes atores que contribuíram para a modificação do atendimento e dos serviços em prol de pessoas vivendo e convivendo com AIDS, onde a experiência positiva do Brasil chama a atenção dentro do cenário mundial. A AIDS, dada a sua importância como evento global, foi assim um elemento fomentador de mudanças que se refletiram também nas organizações, dentre as quais, as ONGs/AIDS, cujo caráter público-privado encontra no Terceiro Setor o seu ambiente de identificação. Na experiência das ONGs/AIDS brasileiras o desenvolvimento organizacional se deu dentro da contingência cultural e sócio-política como uma resposta necessária à demanda da epidemia. Essas organizações buscaram uma profissionalização e o desenvolvimento de ferramentas de gestão próprias que viabilizaram a melhor implementação de sua missão e valores organizacionais junto aos beneficiários, com isso também, ampliando suas relações com outros setores da sociedade, dentre os quais, o governo e o mercado, com vistas ao estabelecimento de parcerias. A atuação organizacional promotora do protagonismo, perceptível pela inclusão do beneficiário nas decisões organizacionais e no redesenho do seu papel nos projetos é uma mostra da mudança proposta como desenvolvimento organizacional. A ONG/AIDS Casa de Assistência Filadélfia - CAF objeto deste estudo é representativa na medida em que buscou modificar-se para responder às necessidades percebidas e referidas pelos beneficiários...

Socialização para a cidadania: limites e possibilidades no universo das Organizações Não-Governamentais; Socialization for the citizenship: limits and possibilities in the universe of Not-Governmental Organizations (NGO)

Heder, Fernando Manzieri
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/03/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.13%
O objetivo do presente trabalho é analisar uma proposta de prática sócio-educativa de uma ONG chamada Fundação EPROCAD, buscando verificar as potencialidades e limites de suas estratégias socializadoras para a constituição das formas de ser, pensar e agir de jovens das camadas populares enquanto cidadãos. Neste sentido procurou-se: 1) constatar que tipo de disposições de habitus políticos a maioria dos jovens pesquisados possuía, classificando-os a partir das categorias cidadão passivo; sujeito à intervenção e sanção de uma ordem político-jurídica que lhe atribui deveres e direitos, mas que não são exercidos, nem questionados, e/ou cidadão ativo; que incorpora em suas disposições a vontade de participação nas esferas públicas de poder, reivindicando direitos e inserindo-se nas relações sociais transformando-as; 2) analisar a ONG a partir de sua história, missão, ações, objetivos, relações institucionais etc, procurando desvendar sua proposta em termos de socialização política dos jovens; 3) examinar a prática educativa desta instituição a partir do conteúdo abordado, das estratégias/ metodologias utilizadas, dos sujeitos envolvidos e do tipo de relação estabelecida entre eles, buscando comparar esta prática com o discurso da organização; e...

Inglês escola (a)fora: representações de professor, aluno e língua estrangeira em uma ONG para o ensino de língua inglesa; English outside school: representations of teacher, student and foreign language in an NGO for the teaching of English.

Corrêa, Juliana de Melo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/02/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.23%
Este trabalho tem como principal objetivo analisar representações de aluno, professor e de língua inglesa presentes nos dizeres de voluntários de uma ONG que promove o ensino de inglês. A leitura de trabalhos sobre o terceiro setor nos mostra que as ONGs surgem para propor soluções a problemas detectados na sociedade. Desse modo, podemos inferir que o discurso sobre o insucesso do ensino de inglês nas escolas regulares está entre os elementos que possibilitaram o surgimento da ONG analisada. O corpus do estudo foi formado pela transcrição da gravação em áudio de entrevistas com oito professores voluntários. Para a análise da materialidade linguística, utilizamos conceitos do quadro teórico da Análise de Discurso, assim como o conceito de identidade discutido na visão dos Estudos Culturais e na perspectiva psicanalítica. A análise da materialidade linguística dos dizeres revelou que houve uma mudança no discurso a respeito do voluntariado em nosso país. Nos anos 70 e 80, essa atividade era pautada principalmente por motivações políticas ou religiosas, focando os assistidos e suas necessidades. Atualmente, os dizeres revelam que o voluntariado é perpassado pela discursividade de Mercado, e que o eu voluntário é o centro das decisões. A análise também nos permitiu observar o uso de metáforas espaciais na representação de aluno como aquele que...

A comunicação integrada no marketing social: plano de comunicação para a AFID

Toscano, Andreia Manuel Baptista
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.13%
Relatório de Projecto / Mestrado em Marketing; O mercado das ONG é composto por organizações muito diversificadas que têm em comum o facto de não terem fins lucrativos. Estas organizações desenvolvem a sua actividade através de apoios externos, nomeadamente apoio estatal e donativos de empresas e particulares, uma vez que têm escassos recursos financeiros. Neste sentido, e para rentabilizar ao máximo a sua eficácia, as ONG começam a utilizar as mesmas ferramentas que as empresas com fins lucrativos, nomeadamente as técnicas de Marketing. No âmbito do Marketing Social, a Comunicação ganha especial importância, uma vez que é o meio mais eficaz para criar notoriedade e visibilidade para as ONG, dois aspectos fundamentais para garantir a obtenção de donativos e consequente sobrevivência. Deste modo, é essencial desenvolver um Plano de Comunicação com acções integradas, desenvolvidas com base em parcerias e que sejam inovadoras. Partindo deste pressuposto, e após um enquadramento teórico sobre o Marketing Social e o mercado das ONG, será proposto um Plano de Comunicação para a Fundação AFID Diferença, uma ONG portuguesa que actua na área social.; In NGO market, organizations are very diverse and most of them only have in common its non-profit nature. These organizations develop their work based on external donations...

O contributo do marketing viral na implementação da estratégia de marketing das Organizações não Governamentais – o caso português

Soares, Marta Brandão
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.13%
Mestrado em Marketing / Classificações do JEL: M31 – Marketing; L31 -Nonprofit Institutions, NGOs; Esta investigação surge da identificação da procura de novas formas de comunicação por parte das Organizações Não Governamentais (ONG) portuguesas e internacionais e da parca oferta de estudos sobre esta relação. A necessidade de aumentar a visibilidade das ONG é consequência do seu vasto e crescente número, que leva à disputa de fundos. Neste contexto a plataforma web 2.0 e, em particular, as redes sociais e as acções de marketing viral permitem às ONG reduzir a preocupação com a dicotomia existente entre os investimentos que têm de gerar para atingirem os seus objectivos e as acções de comunicação que permitem gerar mais visibilidade e, consequentemente, mais fundos. Através de investimentos reduzidos as redes sociais e o marketing viral permitem chegar ao seu público-alvo de forma directa e activa, disponibilizando toda a informação necessária, incentivando o call to action e dinamizando a partilha da informação entre utilizadores. Esta investigação adoptou a metodologia de estudo de caso, estudando três organizações: a TESE, a Plataforma Portuguesa das Organizações Não Governamentais para o Desenvolvimento (ONGD) e a Amnistia Internacional Portugal. Com base em entrevistas e análise de documentação foi possível concluir sobre a aplicação do marketing viral e das redes sociais nas estratégias de comunicação das ONG...

Reaching the Unreachable: Barriers of the Poorest to Accessing NGO Healthcare Services in Bangladesh

Ahmed, Nizam U.; Alam, Mohammed M.; Sultana, Fadia; Sayeed, Shahana N.; Pressman, Aliza M.; Powers, Mary Beth
Fonte: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh Publicador: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.07%
The NGO Service Delivery Program (NSDP), a USAID-funded programme, is the largest NGO programme in Bangladesh. Its strategic flagship activity is the essential services package through which healthcare services are administered by NGOs in Bangladesh. The overall goal of the NSDP is to increase access to essential healthcare services by communities, especially the poor. Recognizing that the poorest in the community often have no access to essential healthcare services due to various barriers, a study was conducted to identify what the real barriers to access by the poor are. This included investigations to further understand the perceptions of the poor of real or imagined barriers to accessing healthcare; ways for healthcare centres to maximize services to the poor; how healthcare providers can maximize service-use; inter-personal communication between healthcare providers and those seeking healthcare among the poor; and ways to improve the capacity of service providers to reach the poorest segment of the community. The study, carried out in two phases, included 24 static and satellite clinics within the catchment areas of eight NGOs under the NSDP in Bangladesh, during June-September 2003. Participatory urban and rural appraisal techniques...

HIV-related stigma and NGO-isation in India: an historico-empirical analysis

Nambiar, Devaki
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.13%
In response to World Bank critiques in 2007, the Indian Ministry of Health and Family Welfare declared that HIV-related stigma was a barrier to the participation of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in the implementation of HIV prevention Targeted Interventions. Taking a deeper view of HIV-related stigma as an historically inflected process of devaluation, this paper details the history and transformation of NGO involvement in the HIV epidemic from 1986 through economic liberalisation in the 1990s up to the recently concluded National AIDS Control Program (NACP II, 1999-2006). It additionally examines findings from interviews and participant observation of NGO workers (N=24) from four Targeted Intervention NGOs in Delhi funded under NACP II. Analysis reveals that a ‘second wave’ of HIV-related NGO involvement has mushroomed in the past two decades, affording NGO workers multiple pathways to credibility in the Indian response to the epidemic. Contradictions embedded in the overlap of these pathways produce stigma, reflecting ‘adverse incorporation.’ Drawing upon noteworthy exceptions to this trend from the ‘first wave’ of Indian HIV-related NGOs, the paper calls for NGO participation as an explicitly political project of addressing the social inequalities that shape stigma as well as vulnerability to illness writ large.

Neisseria gonorrhoeae Filamentous Phage NgoΦ6 Is Capable of Infecting a Variety of Gram-Negative Bacteria

Piekarowicz, Andrzej; Kłyż, Aneta; Majchrzak, Michał; Szczêsna, Ewa; Piechucki, Marcin; Kwiatek, Agnieszka; Maugel, Timothy K.; Stein, Daniel C.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.13%
We constructed a phagemid consisting of the whole genome of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteriophage NgoΦ6 cloned into a pBluescript plasmid derivative lacking the f1 origin of replication (named pBS::Φ6). Escherichia coli cells harboring pBS::Φ6 were able to produce a biologically active phagemid, NgoΦ6fm, capable of infecting, integrating its DNA into the chromosome of, and producing progeny phagemids in, a variety of taxonomically distant Gram-negative bacteria, including E. coli, Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria sicca, Pseudomonas sp., and Paracoccus methylutens. A derivative of pBS::Φ6 lacking the phage orf7 gene, a positional homolog of filamentous phage proteins that mediate the interaction between the phage and the bacterial pilus, was capable of producing phagemid particles that were able to infect E. coli, Haemophilus influenzae, N. sicca, Pseudomonas sp., and Paracoccus methylutens, indicating that NgoΦ6 infects cells of these species using a mechanism that does not involve the Orf7 gene product and that NgoΦ6 initiates infection through a novel process in these species. We further demonstrate that the establishment of the lysogenic state does not require an active phage integrase. Since phagemid particles were capable of infecting diverse hosts...

Public Policy toward Nongovernmental Organizations in Developing Countries

Jack, William
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.23%
The author presents two descriptive models of nongovernmental organizations and poses mormative questions about public polcy toward nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). In situations in which optimal government intervention in a distorted or inequitable economy employs an NGO-like body, he considers which kinds of NGO might be used. First, in many developing countries NGOs participate in the delivery of what are essentially private goods--in particular, health care and education. In an economy without NGOs, there may be good redistributive and efficiency reasons for the government to provide these goods in kind. But if direct government provision of such services is ineffective or inefficient, when is contracting out to an NGO-like institution preferable to using a traditional for-profit firm? (Another way to frame this is to ask: What is the optimal taxation and regulation of private providers of publicly financed services?) NGOs also provide useful real and financial links with external donors. They are used to provide services the government favors and donors are willing to fund. In this model...

El papel de las ONG en defensa de los derechos de las personas dependientes

Mosquera Monelos, Susana
Fonte: Universidade da Coruña Publicador: Universidade da Coruña
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.07%
[Resumen] El propósito de este artículo no es otro que señalar a grandes rasgos cuales son las aportaciones que el colectivo de organizaciones no gubernamentales realiza en la defensa de los derechos de las personas dependientes. Se trata de clarificar en primer lugar quienes forman parte de ese grupo de entidades que representa a la sociedad civil, se identifica su posición dentro del Estado de bienestar como colaboradoras de los servicios sociales básicos ofertados por el Estado. De ese modo llegamos a identificar su función en el marco de la acción directa, colaborando en la gestión de servicios, y en la acción indirecta, a través de la intervención política como grupos de presión ante organismos internacionales. Siendo ambas actividades de gran relevancia encontramos en la segunda un modo de participación singular de las ONG que han logrado ingresar en el seno de las organizaciones internacionales, con voz pero sin voto, y de ese modo intervenir en la elaboración de importantes documentos para la protección de los Derechos humanos, siendo la Convención Internacional sobre los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad su último logro.; [Abstract] The purpose of this article is to point out the head lines about the main role NGO plays for the protection of the human rights of the disable people. First of all we try to clarify what identify the collective of non-governmental organizations...

Adding value: an analysis of official funding mechanisms for NGOs and the future of Australian donor funding

Orr, Samantha
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.31%
In September 2000, 189 United Nation member states agreed to the establishment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). These goals are 8 targets chosen to address many areas that affect the lives of the world 's poorest people and are one step, in many, that seek to improve the lives of people living in underdeveloped countries. Apart from supporting these goals, most countries in the developed world have created and managed an overseas aid program targeting countries they believe need their financial and development assistance. As part of this program, countries choose to channel part of this financial support through NGOs. While those finances are by no means the largest section of their program, government donors have highlighted the unique skills of NGOs in contributing to their aid programs and therefore provide some level of funding to utilise these skills. Over many years of providing funding, governments have continually changed the way they fund NGOs in an effort to improve the effectiveness of the support that is given, make funding more appropriate to the NGO sector and strive to create best practices in the field of development assistance. Due to the differences in country demographics, politics, economic progression...

How can current NGO-delivered health services aimed at reducing the incidence of maternal mortality in PNG be improved? Discuss in the context of Millennium Development Goal 5.

Teong, Samantha
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.13%
The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) were developed by the United Nations (UN) in 2000 with the aim of reducing world poverty by 2015. In particular, MDG 5, 'Improved Maternal Health', is a concern for Papua New Guinea (PNG). Despite substantial foreign aid from Australia in the last decade, PNG is still a far way off from achieving MDG 5, suggesting that merely increasing funding is not a solution. Indeed, the situation in PNG has deteriorated, with its maternal mortality ratio almost doubling from 370 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 1996 to 733 per 100,000 in 2006.1 Attention must be paid to maternal health services by non-government organisations (in this case, Australian, Papua New Guinean or partnered projects) as they are independent actors who can deliver aid in places and ways that governments cannot. This report focuses on NGOs as their efforts receive less public attention when compared to more extensive government aid reviews. The need for Australia to review its NGO maternal aid efforts in helping PNG is highlighted by the preliminary fact that the MDGs are UN targets which Australia as a UN member is obliged to achieve. Clearly, the failure of current efforts to improve maternal health in PNG is the primary motivation for review. However other reasons include Australia's traditional duty as PNG's closest neighbour and largest foreign aid donor. Furthermore...

Pressure Politics: Why Australian Politicians Support or Ignore NGO Policy Campaigns

Murray, Emily
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.19%
Every day in Parliament House and across Australia, politicians hear a wide range of policy proposals from a variety of non-government organisations (NGOs). Yet little research has been performed into why politicians decide to ignore or support NGO policy campaigns. This lack of transparency creates difficulty for NGOs seeking to deliver policy campaigns that earn politicians' support. The opaque policy process is complicated by a historically troubled relationship between Australian politicians and NGO campaigners, which, although often genial on the surface, can in reality lack openness and honesty. Despite the importance of NGOs for a strong democracy, Australian politicians have previously excluded NGOs from the policy process. This exclusion can undermine the public's perception of politicians' accountability, and discourage popular engagement with the policy process. Pressure Politics confronts a need for greater transparency in the Australian political system by clarifying the expectations, limitations and considerations of politicians, political advisers and campaigners when engaging in the policy process. This research could empower all parties to better accommodate each others' needs and concerns, enabling a more constructive relationship. Forty-one structured interviews were conducted with politicians...

Location Decisions and Nongovernmental Organization Motivation : Evidence from Rural Bangladesh

Gauri, Varun; Fruttero, Anna
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.07%
Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) play an increasingly important role in development assistance, but little systematic evidence is available about their objectives and choices in developing countries. The authors develop two stylized accounts of NGO motivation: one in which donor contracts determine location decisions, and another in which altruistic motivations are the principal determinants. The authors then use data from the 1995 and 2000 rounds of the Bangladesh Households and Income and Expenditure Survey to analyze location decisions of NGO programs established between those two sample years. The data show that net change in a community's NGO program was unrelated to the community's need and that NGOs were ready to establish new programs in new areas without being concerned of duplicating the efforts of other NGOs. The findings suggest that contracts with donors, implicit or explicit, probably play a crucial role in determining the incentives that affect NGO program location choices.

NGO Contracting Evaluation for the HNP Sector in Bangladesh : Evidence and Policy Options

Cortez, Rafael
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.07%
Throughout the world, governments are moving from being exclusively service delivery organizations and toward improving their public health sector management and stewardship capacity. To diversify service provision, the Bangladesh Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) is striving to develop its capability to become active service purchasers in partnership with NGOs and private (for-profit) providers. This report is divided into four chapters. Chapter 1 is an overview of the current role of NGOs in the Bangladesh health sector and maps the NGOs HNP service provision. Chapter 2 reviews the lessons learnt from the national NGO contracting experiences. Chapter 3 describes the performance of selected NGO contracting models and draws lessons learnt using specific criteria related to legal framework and governance aspects, bidding and selection process, flexibility of contracts, supervision and regular monitoring and evaluation, service quality, the accessibility of the poor to services, user satisfaction, and opinions of NGO facility personnel. The findings of the comparative advantage analysis are shown for NGOs...

Numerical simulation of time delay interferometry for eLISA/NGO

Wang, Gang; Ni, Wei-Tou
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.19%
eLISA/NGO is a new gravitational wave detection proposal with arm length of 10^6 km and one interferometer down-scaled from LISA. Just like LISA and ASTROD-GW, in order to attain the requisite sensitivity for eLISA/NGO, laser frequency noise must be suppressed to below the secondary noises such as the optical path noise, acceleration noise etc. In previous papers, we have performed the numerical simulation of the time delay interferometry (TDI) for LISA and ASTROD-GW with one arm dysfunctional by using the CGC 2.7 ephemeris. The results are well below their respective limits which the laser frequency noise is required to be suppressed. In this paper, we follow the same procedure to simulate the time delay interferometry numerically. To do this, we work out a set of 1000-day optimized mission orbits of the eLISA/NGO spacecraft starting at January 1st, 2021 using the CGC 2.7 ephemeris framework. We then use the numerical method to calculate the residual optical path differences in the second-generation TDI solutions as in our previous papers. The maximum path length difference, for all configurations calculated, is below 13 mm (43 ps). It is well below the limit which the laser frequency noise is required to be suppressed for eLISA/NGO. We compare and discuss the resulting differences due to the different arm lengths for various mission proposals -- eLISA/NGO...

Acting Autonomously or Mimicking the State and Peers? A Panel Tobit Analysis of Financial Dependence and Aid Allocation by Swiss NGOs

Dreher, Axel; Nunnenkamp, Peter; ?hler, Hannes; Weisser, Johannes
Fonte: Faculty of Economics Publicador: Faculty of Economics
Tipo: Working Paper; not applicable
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.19%
NGO aid is still widely believed to be superior to official aid (ODA). However, the incentives of NGOs to excel and target aid to the poor and deserving are increasingly disputed. We contribute to the emerging literature on the allocation of NGO aid by performing panel Tobit estimations for Swiss NGOs. The analysis offers new insights in two major regards: First, we cover the allocation of both self-financed and officially co-financed aid for a large panel of NGOs and recipient countries. Second, by classifying each NGO according to its financing structure, we address the unresolved question of whether financial dependence on the government impairs the targeting of NGO aid. It turns out that NGOs mimic the state as well as NGO peers. Officially refinanced NGOs are more inclined to imitate the allocation of ODA. However, the degree of financial dependence does not affect the poverty orientation of NGO aid and the incentives of NGOs to engage in easier environments. The allocation of self-financed aid differs in several respects from the allocation of officially co-financed aid, including the role of financial dependence for imitating the state and herding among NGOs.

The entry of NGO schools and girls’ educational outcomes in Bangladesh

Sukontamarn, Pataporn
Fonte: Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /08/2005 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.23%
This paper uses household, school, and test score data from Bangladesh to compare and contrast the effectiveness of NGO-run and state-run schools in the provision of primary education. I study how the entry of NGOs in primary education has affected educational outcomes of girls and examine the mechanisms which account for the relative performance of NGO versus state schools in improving female educational outcomes. The results show that the entry of NGO schools has significantly increased girls’ enrollment as compared to boys. Constructing cohorts from cross-sectional data using year of birth and year of NGO school establishment, I show that cohorts which were exposed to NGO schools have higher probability of enrollment and the effect operates mainly through girls. The two most prominent characteristics of NGO schools that encourage girls’ enrollment are the high percentage of female teachers and having Parent-Teacher Associations (PTAs). NGO schools show strong effects in improving children’s test scores.

The Entry of NGO Schools and Girls’ Educational Outcomes in Bangladesh

Sukontamarn, Pataporn
Fonte: The London School of Economics and Political Science, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines Publicador: The London School of Economics and Political Science, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /08/2005 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.23%
This paper uses household, school, and test score data from Bangladesh to compare and contrast the effectiveness of NGO-run and state-run schools in the provision of primary education. I study how the entry of NGOs in primary education has affected educational outcomes of girls and examine the mechanisms which account for the relative performance of NGO versus state schools in improving female educational outcomes. The results show that the entry of NGO schools has significantly increased girls’ enrollment as compared to boys. Constructing cohorts from cross-sectional data using year of birth and year of NGO school establishment, I show that cohorts which were exposed to NGO schools have higher probability of enrollment and the effect operates mainly through girls. The two most prominent characteristics of NGO schools that encourage girls’ enrollment are the high percentage of female teachers and having Parent-Teacher Associations (PTAs). NGO schools show strong effects in improving children’s test scores.

Review of NGO performance research published in academic journals between 1996 and 2008

Kareithi,Roselyn N.M.; Lund,Crick
Fonte: South African Journal of Science Publicador: South African Journal of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.19%
Globally, literature on the performance of development non-governmental organisations (NGOs) has increased. However, little is known regarding the distinctive characteristics of academic articles on factors influencing NGO performance. In a recent systematic review of research, published in English-language academic journals between 1996 and 2008, factors influencing NGO performance were investigated. From the 31 journal articles that met the inclusion criteria, this study examined the salient characteristics of NGO performance research in terms of, (1) the number of publications, (2) publication outlets (journals and journal cluster), (3) author collaboration (sole or joint authors), (4) author affiliation, (5) study location, (6) study period, (7) study topics and (8) method and sources of information. Findings showed a steady increase in the number of articles, published in a wide array of journals with over half of the articles published in development studies journals. Of the 31 articles, 21 were sole authored. Data were mainly sought from NGO directors, programme staff and donors; comparatively fewer studies collected data from beneficiaries. Studies were mainly conducted in developing countries, whilst most authors were affiliated to institutions in developed countries. Of the 13 authors who conducted studies in Africa only 3 were affiliated to an institution in Africa. This study confirmed the continued need for increased research on factors influencing NGO performance; revealed the low seeking of beneficiaries' perspectives in NGO performance research despite the rhetoric of participatory development; and revealed the low number of published researchers in Africa and minimal collaborative efforts between 'Northern' and 'Southern' researchers in this field.