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Entre palcos e páginas: a produção escrita por mulheres sobre música na história da educação musical no Brasil ( 1907-1958); Between stages and pages: womens written production about music in the history of musical education in Brazil (1907-1958).

Igayara-Souza, Susana Cecilia Almeida
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/05/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
Estudo histórico que tem por objetivo localizar e analisar a produção escrita por mulheres sobre música, relacionada a diversos contextos educacionais no Brasil, durante as primeiras cinco décadas do século XX. Como fontes, foram consultadas as publicações inventariadas na pesquisa, documentos manuscritos de arquivos históricos, documentos oficiais, periódicos, iconografia e arquivos pessoais de professoras. O 1º capítulo é dedicado a uma visão de conjunto sobre a produção escrita por mulheres sobre música. O capítulo 2 analisa as primeiras décadas e estabelece uma discussão sobre as representações de música brasileira e europeia na educação musical. O capítulo 3 trata da música na escola formal e da participação de mulheres no canto orfeônico, considerando o processo de institucionalização e escolarização da música e o papel da publicação de hinários, cancioneiros e livros didáticos nesse processo. O capítulo 4 aborda a formação de professores e a pedagogia da escola nova, destacando os conflitos na historiografia e na prática do canto orfeônico. O capítulo 5 concentra-se na formação artística, tendo por foco o ensino especializado de música, a presença de mulheres na atividade artística e as representações sobre o feminino. São analisados três exemplos da produção escrita...

Práticas informais no ensino coletivo de sopros: um experimento no Guri; Informal learning practices in woodwind group lessons: an experiment at Guri program

Leme, Luis Santiago Malaga
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/10/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.99%
Este trabalho apresenta algumas contribuições para uma atualização metodológica e pedagógica do ensino de instrumentos de sopro em aulas coletivas inspirado pelas práticas informais de aprendizagem identificadas por Green (2008), Braga (2005) e Priest (1989) entre outros. As práticas informais são um conjunto de atividades identificadas pela literatura como típicas da música popular ou tradicional que possuem interesse para a educação musical formal. Suas características principais podem ser resumidas como: concessão de espaço e tempo para os alunos improvisarem e experimentarem; livre escolha do repertório e; maior uso de modelos visuais e sonoros dados pelo professor e por gravações trazidas à sala de aula. As práticas informais estão de acordo com a pedagogia de Paulo Freire na medida em que colocam a autonomia como meio de aprendizagem e não apenas como finalidade. A formalização das práticas musicais na direção da escrita e leitura de partituras é um processo antigo correlacionado ao desenvolvimento do racionalismo na história do pensamento ocidental em sua busca pela precisão, segundo Koellreutter (Brito, 2007). O caminho que as práticas musicais tomaram teve seu ápice no século XIX, sendo que o sistema de ensino dos conservatórios constituído nesta época perdura até os dias de hoje na educação musical...

A apropriação dos discursos da New Musicology por três didáticas norte-americanas de ensino de história da música

Tramontina, Leonardo Salomon Soares
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/10/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.11%
O recrudescimento das críticas aos paradigmas teórico-conceituais e ao próprio modus operandi da musicologia histórica, a partir da década de 1980, fomentou seu reposicionamento em direção a processos, temas e métodos característicos das disciplinas não musicais, tais como a antropologia, linguística, etnomusicologia, crítica literária e a teoria cultural, dente outras. Como a Historiografia da segunda metade do século XX, tenta desenvolver uma crítica aos seus enunciados e práticas baseada na consciência de suas formas de construção e significação e da historicidade de seus postulados. Tal fenômeno de inquirição ontológica deu-se, majoritariamente, nos países de língua inglesa, onde recebeu o nome de New Musicology. Sob este contexto, portanto, será analisado como três didáticas de ensino de História da Música, amplamente utilizadas nos cursos de graduação em música dos Estados Unidos, têm se apropriado destes discursos críticos. Tratar-se-á, pois, de desvelar como um material comumente caracterizado por uma postura historiográfica mais tradicionalista, cuja tendência é apresentar uma História da Música que coaduna contextualização geopolítica, "evolução" dos estilos, gêneros e formas musicais a aspectos biográficos das "grandes personalidades"...

A educação musical sob a perspectiva da pedagogia histórico-crítica

Benedetti, Katia Simone; Kerr, Dorotea Machado
Fonte: Univ Federal Goias Publicador: Univ Federal Goias
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 71-90
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.19%
This work, from of theorist perspective of Historical-Critical Pedagogy, presents the school Music Education like a social mediator environment between the practices, listening and musical everydaylife knowledges and the not-quotidian, which are constitution and accumulated, throughout the centuries of History, by the human societies. The purpose is to present a possible theorist foundation to define the importance of Music Education insert in the elementary school, like a subject destined to guarantee the whole children formation and the enrichment of their relations with the music. It is a theorist reflection that indicates the importance of observation of the quotidian and not-quotidian knowledges characteristics, moreover of complete importance of formal education and, in specific, of school Music Education on human development.

Teaching And Assessing In Arts And Humanities Courses: Lessons From Inside The Classrooms Of Four Universities

Fernandes, Domingos
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.97%
Research reported and discussed in this paper was developed within a wider three-year international research project (2011-2014) involving 36 researchers from four Portuguese and three Brazilian universities (The project has been financed by National Funds through Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT) -Foundation for Science and Technology – Project PTDC/CPE-CED/114318/2009.) In the last decades, students have been entering higher education as never before and the European universities have been faced with all sorts of challenges (e.g., quality education for all, student mobility, a growing scarcity of resources). Traditional teaching and assessment practices, mostly based upon the so-called telling paradigm, still predominant in higher education, have been questioned and under pressure to change. Indeed, research have been pointing out that students learn better when they are engaged in the learning processes and when assessment for learning is integral to the organisation and development of teaching (e.g. Biggs, 2006; Black & Wiliam, 2006). As a result, a framework aiming at transforming and improving pedagogy and curricular practices in higher education was formally and politically put forward as a consequence of the so-called Bologna process. Since then...

Bill Evans and the craft of improvisation

Gross, Austin (1982 - ); Evans, Bill (1929 - 1980)
Fonte: Universidade de Rochester Publicador: Universidade de Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Illustrations:music; Dimensions:28 cm; Number of Pages:2 v.
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.94%
Includes abstract and vita. --- Thesis (Ph. D)--University of Rochester, 2011. --- v.1.Part 1. The craft of improvisation. Improvisation as problem-solving ; Determining the syntax and deriving the models -- Part 2. Tunes. Autumn leaves ; Beautiful love ; Alice in Wonderland ; My romance ; I should care ; Sweet and lovely -- v.2. Transcriptions.; Patterns have a long and deep history in the tradition of improvisation. Jazz musicians often use the tonal frameworks of tunes from the Great American Songbook as plans for their improvisations. On top of these tonal plans, players may draw from a set of memorized licks. The present study mediates between these two levels of structure by codifying specific melodic frameworks at the level of the phrase in the solos of jazz pianist Bill Evans. Analyses show that Evans utilized the same melodic frameworks in different performances, but used them to create new melodic lines. These frameworks provide specific ways of navigating the voice-leading strands of a tune, often referred to as guide tones in the study of jazz harmony. At the same time, they allow the performer the flexibility and freedom to create new melodic material in each performance, since they can be elaborated in different ways.
Although Evans left no extant descriptions of his own structural models for many of the tunes he played...

Filling the Gap in the Intermediate Cello Repertoire: One Teacher Composes a Solution

Caravan, Lisa Rebecca
Fonte: Universidade de Rochester Publicador: Universidade de Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Dimensions:28 cm; Number of Pages:148
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.13%
Thesis (D.M.A.)--University of Rochester, Eastman School of Music, 2012. Chapter 1. Setting the stage -- Chapter 2. Biography of Grace Becker Vamos -- Chapter 3. A theoretical analysis of selected intermediate cello concertos -- Chapter 4. Pedagogical comparative analysis of Goltermann and Vamos concertos -- Chapter 5. Conclusions and recommendations -- Appendix A. Interview questions -- Appendix B. Transcribed letters from Grace Vamos to Kathryn Scott -- Appendix C. Other transcribed letters -- Appendix D. List of published original cello compositions by Grace Becker Vamos -- Appendix E. List of published cello arrangements by Grace Becker Vamos -- Appendix F. List of other published compositions by Grace Becker Vamos -- Appendix G. Analytical table : Concerto no. 4 in G major, op. 65 / Georg Goltermann -- Appendix H. Analytical table : Concerto in D minor / Grace Vamos -- Appendix I. Analytical table : Concerto in E minor / Grace Vamos.; Cello instructors choose repertoire that addresses appropriate technical and musical demands to develop a strong foundation in each student. Some educators may find a gap in the known repertoire for the intermediate cellist. How cello pedagogues have responded to this concern is the focus of this study. In the first section of the dissertation I examine published studies that investigate aspects of string pedagogy in general: intonation...

A música na formação inicial do pedagogo: embates e contradições em cursos regulares de Pedagogia da região Centro-Oeste; The music in the training of teacher: conflicts and contradictions in regular courses of Pedagogy of the Center-West

AQUINO, Thais Lobosque
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Educação; Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Educação; Ciências Humanas
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.29%
The present work had finally to investigate music in the initial background of pedagogue, under a perspective of analysis directed for the regular courses of Pedagogy in Brazilian s Center-West region. To discuss this phenomenon, revealed necessary to examine the history of the music education in Brazil, the trajectory of the Pedagogy course in this country, the limits and possibilities of pedagogue practice with the musical language, beyond empirically documentary analysis verifying through the presence of music in the curriculum of the 76 institutions that offer the course in regular regimen in Center-West region. Pedagogue is apprehended as professional responsible by the teaching to multidiscipline in the infantile education and initial series of basic education and, for this, charged of music in the respective levels. Thus, it is fundamental to offer him preparation in music already during its process of initial background. To the end, considers a guideline and proposals for quarrel that aims to supply subsidies for researches and projects pledged in creating new tonic about the multifaceted dialogue between pedagogue and music.; O presente trabalho teve por fim investigar a música na formação inicial do pedagogo, sob uma perspectiva de análise direcionada para os cursos regulares de Pedagogia da região Centro-Oeste. Para desvelar este fenômeno...

Erard, Bochsa and their impact on harp music-making in Australia (1830-1866): an early history from documents.

Hallo, Rosemary Margaret
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.03%
This study traces the emergence of the pedal harp in colonial Australia between 1830 and 1866 through the examination of primary source documents in the form of archival and newspaper resources. It does so by focussing on the dynamic that existed between the harpist Nicolas-Charles Bochsa (1789-1856) and the makers of the double action Erard harp, demonstrating how that relationship had an impact on harp music and music-making in the period under review. The study pursues three intersecting lines of investigation. The first details Sébastien Erard’s ground-breaking development of his double action harp, and the social status it enjoyed in Europe, which was subsequently transplanted to Australia. The second area of investigation outlines Bochsa’s role in raising the profile of the Erard harp. This in turn leads to the third and most pivotal line of enquiry that of the distribution of Erard instruments in Australia, Bochsa’s visit to Sydney, and the role of his disciples in sustaining Bochsa’s legacy in Australia. The performance culture that coalesced around Bochsa and his disciples – incorporating as it did harp pedagogy, performance practice, repertoire, and commercial considerations – is shown to be a significant component of the social and cultural life of colonial Australia.; Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide...

From hotels to concert halls: the evolution of the North American orchestral hall audition

Cumming, Ashley
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: D. Mus.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.91%
To secure a seat in a symphony orchestra, musicians across North America face a rigorous and demanding audition. While there are resources suggesting audition strategies, there is little documentation about the history of the audition process and how this has impacted personnel selection over the years. Furthermore, with technology instigating rapid developments in the tools and the accessibility of music, training has changed dramatically this millennium. This project compiles literature on orchestral auditions as well as presenting interviews with forty-two professional hornists and horn pedagogues across North America to create a unique compilation of expert advice, anecdotes and statistics on horn auditions. The project addresses several aspects of the professional horn audition: it summarizes the history of orchestral horn auditions in the United States and Canada, documents notable changes and trends, specifically regarding location, repertoire, the role of the American Federation of Musicians, procedure, artistic demands and surveys the types of technological resources and preparation tools used by applicants today. Through this contextualization, it examines the strengths and weaknesses arising from the orchestral audition’s evolution and from candidates’ ability to access resources...

Just for Bassoonists: A Companion Method to Beginning Band Curriculum

Bellamy, Cayla
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.13%
The general scope of resources used in band classrooms and private bassoon instruction differ greatly and result in pedagogical gaps that frustrate both teachers and students. Exclusive instruction based on classroom series fails to equip students with appropriate fingerings and bassoon-specific techniques, but succeeds in establishing music as a life activity and relating performance aspects to music theory, music and world history, and audience interaction. Contrary to this, exclusive instruction via bassoon methods enables students to be more technically proficient, but does so in a musical, academic, and oftentimes expressive vacuum. The most viable and highly recommended solution is to use both approaches simultaneously by participating in school band programs and taking additional private lessons. This, however, results in issues with the compatibility of skill and concept sequencing, creating gaps in student learning. With the goal of bridging these pedagogical gaps, this document explores current literature treatment of the following areas: introduction of new pitches in relationship to assumed range and metric and rhythmic complexity, treatment of bassoon-specific half-hole and venting techniques, and emphasis on comprehensive musicianship. The document concludes with a new method design to fill the gaps with a supplement to standard classroom curriculum. Ultimately...

As técnicas vocais no canto popular brasileiro : processos de aprendizagem informal e formalização do ensino; The vocal techniques in Brazilian popular singing : informal learning processes and formalization of teaching

Marcelo Matias Elme
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/07/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.03%
O objetivo desta dissertação é analisar, numa perspectiva histórico-sociológica, as particularidades estilísticas do canto popular brasileiro e os processos de aprendizagem informais e formais através dos quais os intérpretes populares têm aprimorado técnica e expressividade, observando também pedagogias criadas especificamente para o canto popular, com o intuito de fundamentar uma metodologia de ensino baseada no uso do repertório. Na introdução são apresentados a motivação e os objetivos do trabalho, assim como a metodologia utilizada. Os capítulos foram estabelecidos a partir da periodização da música popular brasileira proposta por Severiano (2009) e relacionados à transformação dos aspectos vocais durante a história. São eles: Formação (1770-1928), Consolidação (1929-1945), Transição (1946-1957) e Modernização (1958-). A esses capítulos foram acrescentados outros quatro, destacando transformações operadas pela indústria musical que interferiram diretamente nas transformações estéticas do canto popular nas últimas décadas: Instrumentalização, Racionalização, Reestruturação e Formalização. Também foram analisados comportamentos vocais de cantores importantes para a música brasileira...

The viola class of Yuri Kramarov: Students, pedagogy, and influences

Galaganov, Misha
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 112 p.; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%
A Soviet viola player and a professor at the Leningrad Conservatory, Yuri Markovich Kramarov (1929--1982) was a musician in the most beautiful meaning of the word. He taught his students how to approach the preparation of a new composition, how to care about every note in a piece, and how to relate music to other aspects of life. This was the unique secret of Kramarov's school. Unfortunately, Kramarov was in disfavor with Soviet officials for the majority of his career. Therefore, his name, recordings, editions, transcriptions, and articles are unknown outside Russia. Kramarov's biography, teaching methods, and output are presented; his students are listed, and their careers are traced. This work also gives a survey of the history of Russian/Soviet viola performance and provides the following lists: names of the most prominent Russian/Soviet violists, compositions for viola by Russian and Soviet composers, and compositions for viola by European composers.

From the Ride'n'Tie to Ryde-or-Die: A pedagogy of survival in Black youth popular cultural forms

Benson, Michon Anita
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 186 p.; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
This dissertation investigates key similarities between l9th-century slave accounts and what I call "hip-hop captivity narratives." As a corrective to the negative attention accorded hip-hop, in general, my project identifies particular aspects of slave authors' literary strategies that urban hip-hop artists reinvent in their own music and filmmaking works. My primary goal is to position hip-hop texts as the most recent arrivals in a long-standing African American tradition of instructional, survivalist literature. Such a goal closes two gulfs: one, between "the literary academy" and "the street," and two, between hip-hop generationers' and their Black Civil Rights forbearers' perceptions of social and/or communal progress. The Introduction situates my work within African American Studies and argues a New Historicist approach for the study of hip-hop culture. Chapter One, "The Education of Hip-Hop," argues that more than a form of entertainment, hip-hop is an educational project. I delineate elements that contemporary rap music and film borrow from the slave narrative tradition. Chapter Two, "Sounds from the Underground: The Pedagogy of Survival in Rap Texts," argues that the music of underground and mainstream rappers publicly and privately demonstrates Black youth's cultural ties to one another and to their history...

20 Short Piano Pieces of Pedagogic Intent, Using Aspects of Traditional Persian Sources

Azadeh, Atri
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (Honours) Formato: Thesis, CD liner information, Audio tracks and DVD recording
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.03%
The history of composition for the keyboard reveals a very diverse musical landscape, as well as various technical requirements. Friskin and Freundlich, among others, have already surveyed this large spectrum of keyboard music from 1580 to 1952 by ataloguing “those pieces which have artistic value” (1973: viii), as opposed to mere finger exercises. Performing and enjoying such a large repertoire requires a deep understanding of technique and sound. Obtaining such knowledge is due to the educational systems and pedagogic practices which expose students to the ideas of sound and finger technique from the early stages of learning. For this reason, not only finger exercises should be included in teaching methods, but also the artistic aspects of music should be considered. <...> Since no pedagogical piano composition has been written to date in Persian modes, this project presents 20 pieces in which the Persian ambience has been created by means of Dastgah(s) (Persian modes) or non-specific keys. As the Dastgah(s) mostly have quarter-tones and western classical music does not allow such a system, I have used my own adaptation from the original Dastgah(s). The project is informed by primary source material as well as a variety of secondary sources relating to piano performance and education. For example...

Boundary - walkers: contexts and concepts of community music

Higgins, Lee David
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: Doctoral thesis; all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations; none
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
peer-reviewed; This study develops conceptual tools in which Community Music practices in the United Kingdom (UK) can be analysed and understood. From a proposition that suggests that the effectiveness of Community Music has been reduced due to the neglect of theoretical enquiry, this thesis attempts to redress the balance between Community Music practice and theory. Data collection includes interviews, questionnaires, participant observation, auto-ethnographic memory, documentation, journals and texts. Circumnavigating the fields of anthropology, community arts, cultural theory, sociology, philosophy, ethnomusicology and music education, this thesis pushes the boundaries of current notions of Community Music and presents a theoretical framework that can support claims that Community Music is a distinctive area of musical discourse. The thematic threads of identity, context, community, participation and pedagogy provide the organizational structure that helps guide the work throughout its six chapters. After Chapter One outlines the thesis' proposition and the parameters in which it will proceed, Chapter Two examines the practice of Community Music from historical perspectives. Seen initially as a line of flight within the ferments of the community arts movement...

The practice of physical activity: A comparative study among UNICAMP (State University of Campinas, Brazil) graduating students; A prática da atividade física: estudo comparativo entre os alunos de graduação da UNICAMP (Brasil)

Salve, Mariângela Gagliardi Caro
Fonte: Edições Desafio Singular Publicador: Edições Desafio Singular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.83%
Regular and systematic practice is fundamental to the health of the human being. Facing this perspective, we became interested in knowing and comparing the level of importance and interest given to the practice of physical activity by the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP)students. 1350 Unicamp students from 17 to 22 years old, of both sexes, and enrolled in nine full-time graduation courses such as Nursery, Physical Education, Biology, Pedagogy, Dancing, Music, History, Mathematics and Computer Science, were selected. It could be observed that only in the Physical Education course, more than half of them (89%) practiced a physical activity in a satisfactory way, that being a minimum of 30 minutes, three times a week. It could also be observed that the practice of a physical activity is due to the following considered aspects: Combat and control of stressing factors, followed by the maintenance of physical conditioning, esthetics, socializing, health, quality of life, and last, leisure and the gain or maintenance muscular hypertrophy. Soccer, weightlifting, physical conditioning, running and localized gymnastics were the most enrolled activities. Therefore we suggest to the coordinators of UNICAMP’s graduation courses that they save time and space for students to practice a physical activity.; A prática regular e sistematizada é fundamental para a saúde do ser humano. Diante dessa perspectiva...

A importância do lúdico no processo de aprendizagem

Guterres, Raquel da Silva
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.83%
Este trabalho de conclusão do curso de Pedagogia a distância traz como questionamento principal se o lúdico contribui ou não no processo de construção da aprendizagem. Inicia resgatando um pouco da história do lúdico desde o tempo primitivo, em que os jogos e brincadeiras faziam parte do cotidiano das pessoas, passando pela Idade Média, época em que as atividades lúdicas dos adultos não eram diferentes das atividades das crianças e Idade Moderna, época que devido ao surgimento das classes sociais apareceram espaço e tempo específico para o trabalho e lazer. Em seguida, relata que, com o passar dos anos, surgiram novos estudos e a visão do brincar foi sendo modificada. Piaget, Vygotski e Freud estudaram e trouxeram informações importantes sobre a importância do lúdico para o desenvolvimento da criança. Atualmente, com o crescimento das cidades, há pouco ou nenhum espaço destinado para lazer, por isso, torna-se maior ainda a responsabilidade da escola de propor ludicidade ao seu aluno, de formas variadas como: jogos, músicas, teatro, passeios pedagógicos, artes, numa proposta interdisciplinar. Ao final desse trabalho, concluiu-se, dentre outras reflexões, que o professor deve ter uma intencionalidade ao propor o lúdico e intervir de acordo com as necessidades do grupo de alunos. Desta forma...