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Interactive music visualization: implementation, realization and evaluation

Vieira, Marco Filipe Ganança
Fonte: Universidade da Madeira Publicador: Universidade da Madeira
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 19/02/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.75%
This thesis describes all process of the development of music visualization, starting with the implementation, followed by realization and then evaluation. The main goal is to have to knowledge of how the audience live performance experience can be enhanced through music visualization. With music visualization is possible to give a better understanding about the music feelings constructing an intensive atmosphere in the live music performance, which enhances the connection between the live music and the audience through visuals. These visuals have to be related to the live music, furthermore has to quickly respond to live music changes and introduce novelty into the visuals. The mapping between music and visuals is the focus of this project, in order to improve the relationship between the live performance and the spectators. The implementation of music visualization is based on the translation of music into graphic visualizations, therefore at the beginning the project was based on the existent works. Later on, it was decided to introduce new ways of conveying music into visuals. Several attempts were made in order to discover the most efficient mapping between music and visualization so people can fully connect with the performance. Throughout this project...

Música na escola: desafios e perspectivas na formação contínua de educadores da rede pública; Music in the school: challenges and perspectives for a continuous training of public school teachers

Fernandes, Iveta Maria Borges Avila
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/10/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.76%
Esta pesquisa busca contribuir para o desenvolvimento de projetos de formação contínua de educadores da rede pública, que trabalham com ensino de música na escola de Educação Infantil e no Ensino Fundamental I. A investigação compreende duas fases. A primeira dialogando e refletindo sobre contribuições de Caldeira Filho e do Experimental da Lapa, dentre outros, referentes a música na escola. A segunda descrevendo e analisando o projeto de pesquisa-ação Tocando, cantando,...fazendo música com crianças, da Secretaria Municipal de Educação de Mogi das Cruzes, (SP), apresentando considerações para o desenvolvimento de projetos de formação contínua de educadores em ensino de música, capazes de promover a superação da barreira do ensino tradicional, desenvolvendo a linguagem sonora e musical e a produção de conhecimentos sobre ensino de música para crianças, a partir da incorporação de novos paradigmas de ensino. Orientaram-me os seguintes objetivos: Contribuir com a produção de conhecimentos para desenvolver projetos de formação contínua de educadores da rede pública, em ensino de música para crianças; propiciar ao educador em exercício na Educação Infantil e no Ensino Fundamental I, em processo de formação contínua...

Early Music Performer

Sá Silva, Vanda de
Fonte: Journal of the National Early Music Association Publicador: Journal of the National Early Music Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.42%
Plucked strings had a strong presence in private music-making in Portugal, reaching a wide audience that at the end of the Ancien regime was increasing greatly. This same audience, which played viola or guitar (leaving aside for the moment organological detail) would, indeed, be renewed with the commercial exploitation of the piano, amongst other consumer and entertainment goods, and their repertoires. The processes of appropriation of resources that distinguished the high aristocracy and the recognition of the reach of the cosmopolitan salon even conferred a certain civilizing power on certain instruments, as noted by Charles Burney, when he observed that “there is hardly a private family in a civilized nation without its flute, its fiddle, its harpsichord, or guitar?” As well as its consistent presence among the aristocracy, and especially female society, as we shall see further on, it is also the case that the guitar was viewed as an important means of being fashionable.

The effect of audiation-based improvisation techniques on the music achievement of elementary instrumental students

Azzara, Christopher David
Fonte: Thesis (Ph.D)--University of Rochester Publicador: Thesis (Ph.D)--University of Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.74%
xiii, 238 leaves : music ; 28 cm.
Includes vita and abstract.
Includes bibliographical references: leaves 73-80.; The purpose of this research was to develop and to examine an improvisation curriculum designed to improve the music achievement of elementary school instrumental music students. The specific problems of this study were (1) to investigate the effect of improvisation study on the music achievement of fifth-grade wind and percussion music students, and (2) to investigate the differential effects of levels of aptitude on the music achievement of fifth-grade wind and percussion music students.
The research design involved two school settings, each consisting of an experimental and a control group. Students in both schools had completed one year of instrumental music instruction using Jump Right In: The Instrumental Series (Grunow & Gordon, 1989). All of the students were administered the Music Aptitude Profile. The experimental treatment involved the use of an improvisation curriculum designed for this study. The researcher randomly assigned students to the experimental treatment by homogeneous instrument classes (3-6 students per group). The treatment period lasted 27 school calendar weeks. At the end of the treatment all students performed three criterion etudes written by the researcher to measure their music achievement. The first etude was student-prepared...

Improvisation and composition in a high school instrumental music curriculum

Stringham, David Andrew (1981 - )
Fonte: Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Rochester Publicador: Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.74%
xiii, 260 leaves : music ; 28 cm.; Common practice instrumental music pedagogy prioritizes performance from music notation. Certainly a worthy pursuit, such an exclusive objective often neglects other essential musical behaviors, such as singing, improvising, and composing. Local, state, and national music education policymakers, as well as authorities in the profession, agree that these behaviors are important. Nevertheless, singing, improvising, and composing are rarely included in instrumental music curricula.
With the intent of improving music teaching and learning in secondary instrumental music, the purpose of this mixed methods study was to describe music achievement and personal perspectives of high school students who learned to improvise and compose using a sequential music curriculum in a non-auditioned wind and percussion ensemble. In this study, curriculum emphasized development of individual musicianship and emerging behaviors for improvisation and composition (i.e., singing, movement, and playing by ear to learn melodies, bass lines, tonal patterns, rhythm patterns, and voice leading).
Quantitative measures revealed relationships between music aptitude and music achievement. Three judges rated student performances. Overall...

Música na escola particular de educação básica: considerações sobre o livro didático de música e a atuação do educador musical; Music in the private elementary education school: considerations about the music textbooks and the music teacher

Rocha, Suzana de Oliveira Fialho
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Música (EMAC); Escola de Música e Artes Cênicas - EMAC (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Música (EMAC); Escola de Música e Artes Cênicas - EMAC (RG)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.76%
Facing the challenges encountered about Music Education in Brazilian private elementary education schools since the implementation of the Enactment 11.769/08, emerged the need to know how is the Music experience in the setting of elementary schools - 1st stage. In my work as a music educator of the 1st stage of elementary education in a private school, I experienced the insertion of the Enactment and I observed that in some private schools there was the adoption of the textbook as a guiding for Music pedagogical process. It is noticed that in the private school seems no requirement for the Music Graduate to teaching Music. If there is no a licensed teacher in Music, often the Music experience are being taught by educators from other fields of knowledge. In front of the interviews and multiple readings taken for this research, the results showed that, in private schools, teachers without a degree in Music Education are exercising the Music pedagogical process. It was also necessary to investigate the Music textbooks. In front of the performed investigations and by analyzing the activities proposed in the Music textbooks, it can be seen that some activities approach the contents musical experience, such as rhythmic sound...

The bloom of youth: conceptualising a theory of educative experience for Irish traditional music in post-primary music education in Ireland

Johnston, Thomas Joseph
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.74%
peer-reviewed; The world of Irish traditional music is one defined by its multiple, porous, and overlapping experiential contexts. This dynamic, living, and continuously evolving system of meanings, values, and intentions is sustained by its communities of individuals who engage in complex and adaptive processes of transmission. Moving from an overview of the broad historical trajectory of Irish traditional music in postprimary music education, which includes a consideration of its present-day position as a core and compulsory aspect of the Junior and Leaving Certificate Music syllabi, this thesis explores the nature of experience of Irish traditional music as it interfaces with and negotiates the realities of the post-primary music classroom. Traversing these diverse and disparate musical landscapes, the primary focus of this thesis is its conceptualisation of a philosophically charged theory of educative experience for the experience of Irish traditional music in post-primary music education. Within this theoretical paradigm, the pedagogical considerations of Irish traditional music resonate and are deeply embedded. An integrated action research-grounded theory methodological approach with an overarching constructivist philosophy defined a longitudinal investigation which was conducted amongst a cross-section of post-primary music teachers and in a post-primary music classroom context. The emerging theory...

User-centric Music Information Retrieval

Shao, Bo
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.76%
The rapid growth of the Internet and the advancements of the Web technologies have made it possible for users to have access to large amounts of on-line music data, including music acoustic signals, lyrics, style/mood labels, and user-assigned tags. The progress has made music listening more fun, but has raised an issue of how to organize this data, and more generally, how computer programs can assist users in their music experience. An important subject in computer-aided music listening is music retrieval, i.e., the issue of efficiently helping users in locating the music they are looking for. Traditionally, songs were organized in a hierarchical structure such as genre->artist->album->track, to facilitate the users’ navigation. However, the intentions of the users are often hard to be captured in such a simply organized structure. The users may want to listen to music of a particular mood, style or topic; and/or any songs similar to some given music samples. This motivated us to work on user-centric music retrieval system to improve users’ satisfaction with the system. The traditional music information retrieval research was mainly concerned with classification, clustering, identification, and similarity search of acoustic data of music by way of feature extraction algorithms and machine learning techniques. More recently the music information retrieval research has focused on utilizing other types of data...

Engaging adolescents in high school music.

Rosevear, Jennifer Claire
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2008
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.74%
This investigation aims to explore the attitudes of adolescents towards learning music and to gauge the extent of their involvement in the activities of playing, singing, creating and listening to music. It also seeks to determine the views of adolescents on attributions for success in various activities, including music. Beliefs about selfconcept, or self-identity, and their relationships to academic achievement and musical involvement are explored. The review of literature spans various facets of self-perception, including selfconcept, self-esteem, self-efficacy, self-regulation, and self-concept development, and considers the role of music in self-concept development. The impact of self-perceptions on motivation, which is central to learning, achievement and engagement, is also considered. The basic principles of learning, and their application to learning in music, provide the foundation for specific aspects of music learning, namely, music literacy, learning to play a musical instrument, singing, music technology and informal learning. The relationship between music learning and academic achievement is reviewed. The particular importance of music in adolescence, and adolescent attitudes to school music, provide a backdrop to the analysis of the wide-ranging factors involved in self-concept development...

Effectiveness of music interventions in reducing dental anxiety in paediatric and adult patients.

Moola, Sandeep
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.74%
Background: Dental anxiety has been identified as a significant and common problem in both children and adults and is considered an obstacle for dental care providers in the delivery of quality oral care. There are various treatment options for reducing dental anxiety and music is one of the treatment options. Music interventions can either be passive (music listening) or active music (therapy). Objective: The objective of this study was to present the best available evidence related to the effectiveness of music interventions on dental anxiety in paediatric and adult patients. Data sources: A comprehensive search was undertaken on major electronic databases from their inception to October 2010. The search was restricted to English language and other languages where a translation was available. Review methods: Randomised controlled trials, quasi-randomised controlled trials and quasi-experimental studies were included in the review. Critical appraisal and data extraction were undertaken using the Joanna Briggs Institute critical appraisal instrument and the standard data extraction form for evidence of effectiveness. Results: Two studies had paediatric patients as population group. One study found that music listening did not result in any reduction of anxiety during dental procedures on young patients. However...

The secondary school music curriculum: an investigation of designed learning experiences that promote musical understanding.

Hubmayer, Antony Peter
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.74%
This folio of research employed a constructivist epistemological perspective to investigate the learning designs and pedagogical considerations used by teachers to promote musical understanding within the secondary school music curriculum. The three studies were framed by the following ideas: learning and teaching through experience (John Dewey and David Kolb); learning and teaching for musical understanding (Jackie Wiggins); and designing learning that makes more likely the construction of certain understandings (Charles Reigeluth, Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe). The focus was on the teacher’s role in designing and providing learning experiences rather than on students’ actual musical learning. The first folio topic examined the role of music ensemble competitions within the secondary school music curriculum and explored student perspectives on participation in competitions. A large number of research studies from the United States have explored a range of issues surrounding music competitions. However, there are few that have examined student learning perspectives on this experience, and even fewer studies that present an Australian viewpoint on music ensemble competitions. This qualitative study tracked the views of 265 students using three questionnaires strategically positioned throughout the ensemble year. Multiple choice data were examined using frequency analysis while written responses were themed and tallied. Findings indicated that students regarded competitive performances as more significant and motivating than noncompetitive...

A new modular approach to the composition of film music.

Walus, Bartlomiej Piotr
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.74%
This thesis documents the investigation and development of a new method of composing film music with a flexible structure, which more easily facilitates the mapping and redrafting of music during the film editing process. Frequent editing changes to visual materials are an unavoidable part of filmmaking. Consequently, among the many demands that a film composer faces, the issue of synchronising music to film is frequently a vital one. Since there is no simple correspondence between the temporal structure of music and film, adjustments of music can be difficult. Thus far, a comprehensive method of addressing this problem has not been developed or documented. This project is the first study that specifically addresses the problem of synchronising music with a visual component during film post-production. The approach to this thesis is both practical and empirical. Therefore, the compositions, audio and video files included are an integral part of the investigation, and not merely supporting materials. The method described in this project was created by combining three approaches: a) developing and applying a modular structure for the music; b) using non-linear properties of music; c) applying digital technology where individual modules can be layered...

Collaborative Music Making with Live Algorithms

Harrald, L.
Fonte: Australasian Computer Music Association; Melbourne Publicador: Australasian Computer Music Association; Melbourne
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.49%
This paper discusses developments of ENSEMBLE, an interactive improvisation environment based on the Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma. The main emphasis of this paper is on the interactive version of ENSEMBLE, and its development for the work ‘fr@gm3nT’ [fragment], a collaboration between the author and saxophonist Derek Pascoe. Some of the lessons learned from non real-time, generative versions of ENSEMBLE are also discussed, along with the implications of the approach for algorithmic composition and live interactive computer music performance.; Luke Harrald; All Copyright remains with the author © Copyright 2007

Music education: benefits for children, community and governments

Masters, Michael
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.75%
This report investigates the impacts of learning musical instruments, and other musical activities, on childhood development and wellbeing. The findings of this investigation reveal that music is a multifaceted activity. Because music is a multifaceted activity, there are a wide range of benefits for children and the community, these include: • The aesthetically enjoyable activity of music promotes creativity and emotional expression. • Music psychologically enhances self-identity, neurobiological and cognitive development. • Music does not greatly improve academic ability in other non-music subjects, but in some circumstances, music may improve student's participation at school by improving self-esteem and motivation. • Composing music improves problem solving skills, and enhances autonomy. • The therapeutic application of music assists children with learning and behavioural difficulties. • Music builds strong and engaged communities. • Music facilitates learning about cultural heritage and cultural learning.Music assists children to access 'knowledge based economies' in their later working lives. • That there are pre-requisites for the delivery of quality music programmes in primary schools. This report also assesses the Federal government's current level of education funding...

Different walks for different talks: finding the meaningful in electroacoustic music

Hagan, Kerry L
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.79%
peer-reviewed; This paper is predicated on the argument that searching for the meaningful in electroacousticmusic is to use different means for different pieces, while remaining situated within the historical context of electroacoustic music. The important factors here are, first, that themeaningful in music is different than meaning in music, and, second, that methods for examining the meaningful in electroacoustic music can be quite different than the means of investigating the meaningful in acoustic music.Looking for meaning in music, in general, leads to two main problems: trying to interpret inherent meaning and/or trying to find a generalised model applicable to all music. Postcolonial theory and cultural theory show that meaning also comes from historical context, cultural tropes and power relationships of hegemony and subjugation, so it is not entirely inherent to the music. Most theorists apply their models to pre-20th century, conventionally notated, Western music. These models break down with the experimentalism of the 20th century and the introduction of non- notated or unconventionally notated music. Therefore, these models are not generally applicable, and it is especially true for non-notated musics.Looking for the meaningful in music provides a beneficial vagueness that does not require the definitive conclusions of meaning but...

The world of traditional dance music in Brittany : an exploration of the political, cultural and socio-economic reality of traditional dance music in Brittany 1992-1999

Wilkinson, Desmond John
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: Doctoral thesis; all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations; none
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.76%
peer-reviewed; The concerns expressed in this work have a subtle interrelationship. They emerge from the authors background and are subsequently influenced by his experience as a performing musician and teacher in Brittany. The introduction contextualises this. This thesis offers an analysis of two important issues, the role of popular traditional dance music in shaping identity and the influence of that music on social and economic life. In the first instance it scrutinises the question of identity in Brittany and relates it to the popular dance music tradition. It then examines music professionalism and the more apparently esoteric area of Celtic music. This study is a multi-faceted look at the role of traditional music in a complex western European society. Chapter 1 deals with the reflexive unselfconscious aspects of bretonnitude (Breton identity). Chapter 2 deals with the pro-active aspects of bretonnitude, that is Brittany's relationship with France and the role of political and cultural activism. Depending on the situation, people mirror what is termed 'compound ethnicity,' this means that in different contexts they could be Tregorois, Breton, French or Celtique, (Celtic) or in some cases all at once. The theme of compound ethnicity is therefore shown to have local and global or 'glocal' implications. Breton traditional dance is the most accessible way in which both local identity ('pays') and Pan-Breton identity can be expressed. Festou noz ('night dances') are the keystone of contemporary cultural identity and their importance to musical and socio-economic life cannot be over stressed. Chapters 3 and 4 are concerned with the socio-musical dynamic of Breton dance music. Chapter 3 looks at teaching structures in the contemporary environment and at the instruments most emblematic of the tradition. Chapter 4 looks at the musical dynamic involved in the performance of the vocal genres kan ha diskan and chant a repondre and of instrumental music. It also provides a look at the structure of three of the most popular traditional dance music genres played and sung at Festou noz...

Boundary - walkers: contexts and concepts of community music

Higgins, Lee David
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: Doctoral thesis; all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations; none
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.77%
peer-reviewed; This study develops conceptual tools in which Community Music practices in the United Kingdom (UK) can be analysed and understood. From a proposition that suggests that the effectiveness of Community Music has been reduced due to the neglect of theoretical enquiry, this thesis attempts to redress the balance between Community Music practice and theory. Data collection includes interviews, questionnaires, participant observation, auto-ethnographic memory, documentation, journals and texts. Circumnavigating the fields of anthropology, community arts, cultural theory, sociology, philosophy, ethnomusicology and music education, this thesis pushes the boundaries of current notions of Community Music and presents a theoretical framework that can support claims that Community Music is a distinctive area of musical discourse. The thematic threads of identity, context, community, participation and pedagogy provide the organizational structure that helps guide the work throughout its six chapters. After Chapter One outlines the thesis' proposition and the parameters in which it will proceed, Chapter Two examines the practice of Community Music from historical perspectives. Seen initially as a line of flight within the ferments of the community arts movement...

EFFECTS OF MUSIC ON THE PAIN RESPONSE IN THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM USING FUNCTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

Dobek, CHRISTINE ELIZABETH
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.75%
The oldest procedure for pain relief has been music. There is abundant behavioural evidence to support music’s pain relieving properties, however, studies to date have yet to investigate music-induced analgesia via imaging. Our first imaging study used thermal stimulation just below pain threshold in combination with various music stimuli, to determine whether music can affect neural activity in response to heat stimuli within brainstem and spinal cord regions. Differential responses to music stimuli were found within regions known for descending modulation, and familiar classical music had a unique effect on neural activity in these regions compared to unpleasant music, reverse music, and no music. This study confirmed that the emotional valence of music affects neural activity in the brainstem and spinal cord. The second study used a well-defined pain paradigm applied with or without favorite music to study the neural activity responses in the brain, brainstem, and spinal cord using imaging. Subjective pain ratings were significantly lower when painful stimuli were administered with music than without music. The pain condition alone elicited neural activity in brain regions consistently activated during similar pain studies. Brain regions associated with pleasurable music listening were activated including limbic...

Overcoming the objectification of western classical music with the concept of music as a process

Dolinsek, Davorin
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico do Porto. Escola Superior de Música, Artes e Espectáculo Publicador: Instituto Politécnico do Porto. Escola Superior de Música, Artes e Espectáculo
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.77%
Dissertation to obtain the degree of Master in Music - Artistic Interpretation; The purpose of this work was to examine the ideas about Western classical music. The main barrier for people at large to have a more multidimensional understanding of music, seems to be the objectification of music; i.e. that the music is generally understood as something complete, self-contained, something that can be defined, or even measured. Such knowledge, if isolated from the context of Western society, can lead to a limited understanding of music phenomenon. This dissertation suggests that the music may be understood as the living interface of various processes inside Western culture such as musical activity (e.g. composing, performing, listening), socio-cultural mentality (e.g. ways of thinking, education), the use of language, etc. An attempt was made to clarify the condition in which these processes influence each other. The dissertation aimed to explain the objectification of music in the contemporary music practice, and tried to find the roots and the contributors to such an understanding of music. Finally, the work explored the idea of transformation of the Western music culture by the social changes and technological innovations of the 20th and 21th centuries regarding the main question: has the mentioned transformation helped overcome the deterministic concept of ‘music as an object’? The conclusions could not offer an affirmative answer to this question. Adding to the theoretical basis of this dissertation...

High school music students' music participation in- and outside of school & plans for future music participation

Scully, Meghan K.
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.74%
Burton, Suzanne L.; The purpose of this study was to explore high school music students' musical participation both in- and outside of school, their primary influences for participating and their plans for musical participation after graduation. Participants (N=605) in this study were high school music students, grades 9-12, at seven high schools located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Results indicated that the music enrollment at participating schools was 19.9% of the total student population. A cross-sectional survey design was used to represent a divergent sample of high school students' opinions of their current music participation. Students cited themselves as their primary influence for participating in music both in- and outside of school. School was cited to be least influential on students' outside of school music participation. Students were unclear about their future participation in traditional forms of music; however, they plan to increase their participation in non-traditional/vernacular forms of music post graduation. Students' in-school music participation had little relationship to their musicking outside of school, and in-school music offerings were not connected to students' plans for future music participation. Music education in its current state does not best suit the needs of today's learners. Music educators should step beyond their comfort level with traditional music programming to be inclusive...