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Prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in Brazilian hairdressers

MUSSI, Gisele; GOUVEIA, Nelson
Fonte: OXFORD UNIV PRESS Publicador: OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
Background There are occupational risks inherent to the activities of professional hairdressers, which are not frequently studied, and therefore not considered in the formulation of health policies for this group. Aims To verify the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMDs) in hairdressers through symptom reports, to characterize the most frequently affected anatomical parts and to identify and analyse risk factors of WRMDs in hairdressing. Methods A cross-sectional epidemiological study of 220 hairdressers from beauty parlours in Sao Paulo (Brazil) was carried out. Each hairdresser completed a self-administered questionnaire which included information on socio-demographic characteristics, working conditions and health-related musculoskeletal system complaints. Ergonomic analyses were also performed in six parlours. Results The prevalence of WRMDs was 71%. Risk factors were associated with psychosocial factors and factors related to discomfort and work fatigue such as lack of acknowledgement of work and uncomfortable posture at work [odds ratio (OR) = 3.54; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.51-8.30], not feeling comfortable with body/neck/shoulders while working (OR = 2.78; 95% CI 1.40-5.54) and having > 15 years of professional activity (OR = 3.04; 95% CI 1.17-7.91). Conclusion Occupational risk factors associated with the development of WRMDs in hairdressers are related to biomechanical...

"A organização do trabalho de taquígrafos parlamentares: um estudo sobre o desenvolvimento de LER/DORT (Lesões por esforços repetitivos/Distúrbios osteomusculares Relacionados ao Trabalho)"; "Work organization of parliamentary shorthand typists: a study about Upper Limb Musculoskeletal Disorders"

Kose, Jenny Izumi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/02/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
Objetivo: analisar a organização do trabalho no desenvolvimento das Lesões por Esforços Repetitivos/ Distúrbios Osteomusculares Relacionados ao Trabalho - LER/DORT, em taquígrafos de ambos os sexos, de duas Casas Parlamentares na região metropolitana de São Paulo. Método: estudo qualitativo; os instrumentos de coleta utilizados foram: entrevista individual, observação do trabalho e questionário de saúde e trabalho, composto de questões de identificação, estilo de vida, dados ocupacionais e de morbidade e o Questionário Nórdico de Sintomas Osteomusculares. Resultados: Identificaram-se fatores biomecânicos como prováveis causas de LER/DORT, tais como: manutenção de postura estática e movimentos repetitivos de digitação / manuseio de gravador; e aspectos da organização do trabalho, como por exemplo: divisão de tarefas por ciclos de tempo, pessoal reduzido, horários e pausas irregulares. Os taquígrafos relataram: exigências física, cognitiva, sensorial e psicológica do treinamento/ trabalho, pressão temporal, receio de errar, sobrecarga de trabalho nos períodos de pico e desgaste motivado pela disponibilidade integral de horários. Os trabalhadores identificaram como causas de LER/DORT: as dimensões temporal...

Qualidade de vida de trabalhadores de enfermagem com distúrbios osteomusculares relacionados ao trabalho; Quality of life in nursing workers with work-related musculoskeletal disorders

Ratier, Ana Paula Pelegrini
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/06/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
Esse estudo teve como objetivo apreender a qualidade de vida (QV) de trabalhadores de enfermagem acometidos por Distúrbios Osteomusculares Relacionados ao Trabalho (DORT) e construir possíveis estratégias para a melhoria da mesma. Investigamos a QV em trabalhadores de Enfermagem com DORT em membros superiores de um Hospital Universitário. O estudo, de caráter exploratório-descritivo e abordagem qualitativa, foi desenvolvido tendo como população os trabalhadores de enfermagem de um hospital público universitário, constituindo 11 mulheres e dois homens, portadores de DORT em membros superiores, representantes de todas as categorias de enfermagem e de diversas unidades assistenciais. A coleta de dados foi realizada através de entrevista individual e grupo focal. Após aprovação do projeto em Comitê de Ética, a coleta de dados foi iniciada através das entrevistas com os sujeitos eleitos. Foram realizadas, também, cinco sessões de grupo focal, no período de novembro a dezembro de 2011. Os resultados de caracterização mostram que a média de tempo de trabalho nesta instituição é de 19 anos, denotando extensa exposição a cargas fisiológicas; sete trabalhadores realizam, concomitantemente ao trabalho remunerado, afazeres domésticos integralmente e cinco deles parcialmente; as atividades de lazer são apenas ocasionais; a maioria dos sintomas refere-se a quadros dolorosos em ombros...

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in dancers and former dancers participating in the largest dance festival in the world

Grego Muniz de Araújo, L.; Luiz Monteiro, H.; Marcelo Pastre, C.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 146-154
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
Objective: To verify the presence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in dancers and former dancers participating in the 27th Joinville Dance FestivalMaterial and methods: The research was conducted at the 27th Joinville Dance Festival in Santa Catarina, Brazil, with 173 participants in the competition, where 139 were dancers and 34 were former dancers with at least ten years of practiceIn order to obtain information related to MSDs, dancers answered a specific questionnaireResults: The study group consisted of adults (28±9 years) with body mass index within the normal range (21.3±2.3) with high weekly training time (955.7±837.2) and featuring long-time experience in dancing (18±7years)The lumbar spine and knees were the most affected by MSDsThe pain of high intensity was the symptom that most often appeared in reports among survey participantsConclusion: It is important to have deeper knowledge of the prevalence of pain among professional dancers, the factors associated with pain conditions and its impact on everyday life in order to plan new forms of prevention and plan new forms of prevention and treatment within a multidisciplinary approach© 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS.

The association between restorative pre-clinical activities and musculoskeletal disorders

Corrocher, P. A.; Presoto, C. D.; Campos, J. A. D. B.; Garcia, P. P. N. S.
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 142-146
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.51%
Objective: To evaluate the risk of development of musculoskeletal disorders in the upper limbs of undergraduate dentistry students during the execution of pre-clinical laboratory activities based on gender, type of dental procedure and area of the mouth under treatment.Methods: Male and female undergraduate students in the second year of the Araraquara Dental School, UNESP, were enrolled in this study. Digital photographs were obtained whilst the subjects performed laboratory activities. The working postures adopted by each student were evaluated using the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA). The photos were analysed by a calibrated researcher (k = 0.89), and a final risk score was attributed to each analysed procedure (n = 354). Descriptive statistical analyses were performed, and the associations of interest were analysed by the chisquare test (P = 0.05).Results: During most of the laboratory procedures performed, the risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders was high (64.7%; - IC95%: 59.7-69.7%), with no significant association between the RULA final score and gender (chi(2) = 1.100; P = 0.577), type of dental procedure (chi(2) = 5.447, P = 0.244) and mouth area treated (chi(2) = 4.150; P = 0.126).Conclusions: The risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders was high in undergraduate dentistry students; this risk was not related to gender...

Perception of Risk of Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Brazilian Dental Students

Garcia, Patrícia Petromilli Nordi Sasso; Presoto, Cristina Dupim; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1543-1548
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
The aim of this study was to compare the mean scores of perceived risk factors for the development of musculoskeletal disorders in dental students presently pursuing work/study, according to gender, course series, and the presence of pain/discomfort. The participants were 348 students from the undergraduate course in dentistry at a Brazilian public university. The instrument on work-related factors that could contribute to osteomuscular symptoms and part of the Nordic questionnaire were used. The psychometric properties of the first instrument were estimated. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) revealed that the instrument had a tri-factorial structure (s2 retained: 62.72 percent). The retained factors were repetitiveness, work posture, and external factors. The internal consistency and reproducibility were adequate (α=0.746 to 0.873; p=0.729 to 0.940). Lower mean scores of perceived external factors were observed for the male participants, as well as lower scores in the three dimensions of the instrument for first-year students of the course and for those who did not report pain/discomfort in the neck, feet, and ankles. The authors concluded that the perception of risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders reported in the work/study environment of dental students was significantly related to gender...

Estudo de casos de lesões musculosqueléticas relacionadas com o trabalho dos membros superiores existentes numa empresa de componentes automóveis; Case studies of work related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limbs in an auto components company

Silva, Luísa Mónica Oliveira
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.58%
Dissertação de mestrado em Engenharia Humana; As lesões musculosqueléticas relacionadas com o trabalho (LMERT) influenciam negativamente o desempenho do operador nas suas funções devido à presença de dor, ou desconforto. A área de montagem das empresas de componentes automóveis implica tarefas repetitivas, com curtos ciclos de trabalho e posturas inadequadas envolvendo os membros superiores, sendo estes fatores considerados como fatores de risco de LMERT nos membros superiores. O corrente estudo foi desenvolvido na área de montagem de uma empresa de produção de componentes eletrónicos da área automóvel, tendo como objetivo analisar as linhas de trabalho com maior prevalência de queixas musculosqueléticas nos membros superiores quanto ao nível de risco de LMERT associado, identificar os principais fatores de risco presentes nos diferentes postos de trabalho e elaborar, posteriormente, recomendações e sugestões de melhoria. Foi aplicada uma ficha de registo de dados médicos que englobou informações acerca de todos os operadores. Foram também aplicadas fichas de informação de gestão/supervisão aos responsáveis de cada área de trabalho e um questionário, adaptado do Questionário Nórdico Musculosquelético de Kuorinka et al. (1987)...

Occupational Musculoskeletal Disorders in Europe: Impact, Risk factors and Preventive Regulations

Cabeças, José Miquel
Fonte: IET Publicador: IET
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2006 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
The aim of this article is to characterize musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in EU working population according to available Eurostat data, to identify relevant risk factors and to refer existing legislation and standards to prevent MSDs. The following questions will be answered: How often do MSDs occur in EU? What are the risk factors? Do legislation and standards exist to prevent these disorders?

Musculoskeletal disorders among workers in plastic manufacturing plants

Fernandes,Rita de Cássia Pereira; Assunção,Ada Ávila; Silvany Neto,Annibal Muniz; Carvalho,Fernando Martins
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.47%
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have indicated an association between musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and physical work demands. Psychosocial work demands have also been identified as possible risk factors, but findings have been inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate factors associated with upper back, neck and upper limb MSD among workers from 14 plastic manufacturing companies located in the city of Salvador, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to survey a stratified proportional random sample of 577 workers. Data were collected by questionnaire interviews. Factor analysis was carried out on 11 physical demands variables. Psychosocial work demands were measured by demand, control and social support questions. The role of socio-demographic factors, lifestyle and household tasks was also examined. Multiple logistic regression was used to identify factors related to upper back, neck and upper limb MSDs. RESULTS: Results from multiple logistic regression showed that distal upper limb MSDs were related to manual handling, work repetitiveness, psychosocial demands, job dissatisfaction, and gender. Neck, shoulder or upper back MSDs were related to manual handling, work repetitiveness, psychosocial demands, job dissatisfaction...

Analysis of musculoskeletal disorders symptoms in professors of the University of Pernambuco – Petrolina Campus

Lima Júnior,José Pereira de; Silva,Tarcísio Fulgêncio Alves da
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira para o Estudo da Dor Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira para o Estudo da Dor
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.61%
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: College professors are exposed to numerous pressure sources which affect their quality of life and professional activities. Notwithstanding, studies discussing musculoskeletal disorders in this population are still scarce in the literature. This study aimed at evaluating symptoms of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among professors of the University of Pernambuco – Petrolina Campus. METHODS: Sample was made up of 49 professors and to obtain musculoskeletal symptoms prevalence and typology, the Nordic Musculoskeletal Symptoms Questionnaire was used, as well as the visual analog scale to evaluate pain intensity. RESULTS: The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms was 85.7%, being that 64.3% have reported that symptoms are related to and worsen with teaching activities, being cases suggestive of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Most affected anatomic region was lumbar spine (54.8%), followed by cervical spine (45.2%), shoulders (23.8%) and wrists/hands (23.8%). Most prevalent regions with severe pain were upper limbs (36.8%), lower limbs (32.0%) and spine (21.9%). CONCLUSION: The studied sample had a high prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and acknowledged that symptoms are related to and worsen with teaching activities...

MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS RELATED TO WORK AND THEIR RISK FACTORS: A STUDY IN THE SYSTEM OF MILK PRODUCTION IN SANTA CATARINA, BRAZIL

Ulbricht, Leandra; Gontijo, Leila Amaral; Stadnik, Adriana Maria Wan
Fonte: Brazilian Association for Industrial Engineering and Operations Management (ABEPRO) Publicador: Brazilian Association for Industrial Engineering and Operations Management (ABEPRO)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Peer-reviewed Article; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
This article aims to analyze the system of milk production and to identify risk factors for the development of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSD). The methodology used was Ergonomic Work Analysis to identify risk factors, the prevalence of pain / discomfort and location of anatomical parts affected were established by the standard Nordic questionnaire and the study of comparative risk with other activities was carried out by the method of Jonsson. The main findings were the high prevalence of complaints of pain / discomfort (85.16%); a high risk of developing WMSDs among milkers as there were inadequacies in the workplace leading to harmful postures, equipment not appropriate for work and the presence of human skeletal muscle overload. The main anatomical regions affected were for men wrists / hands, hips and thoracic spine; for women elbows, wrists / hands, spine (thoracic and lumbar spine), hips, knees, ankles and feet. The pain also showed a characteristic multifocal where 33% of the milkers, had some type of pain in the three body segments. As for the production system it was found that hand milking may be considered a predisposing factor for pain in the wrists / hands, spine and foot / ankle.

Biomechanical exposures and musculoskeletal disorders among Saskatchewan farmers

McMillan, MICHELLE
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.66%
Background: The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among farmers is greater than non-farming populations. The burden on Canadian farmers is unknown, however. Research is required to determine the occurrence of these conditions and the work-related tasks that contribute to musculoskeletal pain in prevalent anatomical sites. Objectives: The objectives of the two studies comprising this thesis were to 1) describe the sample population of Saskatchewan farmers and the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, and, 2) explore the strength of associations between biomechanical exposures and work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Methods: Objective 1. Participants received a mail-out survey for the Saskatchewan Farm Injury Cohort. Study outcomes were self-reports of musculoskeletal disorders characterized by presence and severity of musculoskeletal pain in nine anatomical regions. Objective 2. A cross-sectional analysis of the experience of musculoskeletal pain in relation to four main biomechanical work exposures was performed. Relationships were determined by modeling the exposures separately using modified Poisson regression. Results: Objective 1. A strong majority of participants (82.2%) reported having musculoskeletal pain in at least one body part over the past year. The lower back was the anatomical site most frequently affected (57.7%)...

Desordens músculo-esqueléticas em adolescentes trabalhadores; Musculoskeletal disorders in adolescent workers

Caetano, Vanusa Caiafa; Ribeiro, Luiz Cláudio; Cruz, Danielle Teles da; Asmus, Carmen Ildes Rodrigues Fróes
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
O trabalho infantil é um fenômeno mundial de grandes proporções, especialmente em países subdesenvolvidos. Estima-se, em todo o mundo, que 352 milhões de crianças e adolescentes com idade inferior a 18 anos são economicamente ativos, incluindo trabalho remunerado, não-pago, ilegal e informal. Assim, o objetivo é descrever a prevalência de desordens no sistema músculo-esquelético em um grupo de adolescentes inseridos no Programa de Formação Profissionalizante na "Casa do Pequeno Jardineiro", na cidade de Juiz de Fora, MG. O método constou de observação, análise e descrição das posturas adotadas durante o processo de trabalho, aplicação de um questionário de identificação das condições de vida e trabalho e a realização do teste de flexão em pé (TFP). A amostra total foi dividida em três grupos, avaliando a ocorrência de dor e/ou desconforto nos ombros, nos cotovelos, nos quadris ou coxas e nos pés, retração dos grupos musculares tríceps sural e isquiotibiais, presença de dor e/ou desconforto nos quadris ou coxas associado à retração dos grupos musculares tríceps sural e isquiotibiais. Em conclusão, os adolescentes submetidos a uma carga de trabalho elevada apresentaram maior freqüência de desordens no sistema músculo-esquelético.; Labor in childhood is a world phenomenon of great proportions...

Distúrbios osteomusculares relacionados ao trabalho em fisioterapeutas: revisão da literatura; Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in physical therapists: a literature review

Carregaro, Rodrigo Luiz; Trelha, Celita Salmaso; Mastellari, Helen Jubiara Zulian
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/04/2006 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
Os distúrbios osteomusculares relacionados ao trabalho (DORT) ou lesõespor esforço repetitivo (LER) são um conjunto de afecções de origem ocupacional que podem acometer fisioterapeutas. O objetivo deste estudo foi, com base em revisão da literatura, verificar a freqüência, fatores de risco, áreas de atuação e decorrências de lesões ocupacionais entre fisioterapeutas. Segundo se apurou, as áreas corporais com alta prevalência de lesões são coluna lombar, pescoço, punhos e mãos. Os profissionais entre 20 e 25 anos de idade e com 5 anos ou menos de formação são mais acometidos. Os principais fatores de risco são transferência de pacientes, posturas estáticas e terapia manual. Profissionais atuantes em hospitais são mais acometidos pelas lesões. A maioria dos profissionais acometidos modifica a prática, desde a adoção de preocupação com a biomecânica corporal até os casos de abandono da profissão. Embora o fisioterapeuta seja conhecedor de lesões musculoesqueléticas, ressalta-se a falta de autocuidado e prevenção. A revisão aponta para a necessidade de mais pesquisas direcionadas a intervenções e medidas preventivas.; Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are a group ofoccupational injuries that may affect physical therapists. The aim of thisliterature review was to verify the frequency...

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders and Injuries in Sri Lankan Rubber Tappers

Stankevitz, Kayla
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%

Background: Approximately 30% of Sri Lankans work in the agricultural industry, with the third largest agricultural product being rubber. Rubber tapping involves repetitive and high paced work, static muscle loading, non-neutral body postures, and forceful physical exertion, all potential risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on two plantations near Galle, Sri Lanka to study the risk factors of MSDs and injuries in rubber tappers. Questionnaires were administered to 300 rubber tappers, and an ergonomic analysis using Quick Exposure Check was performed on 90 tappers. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to determine risk factors for MSDs and injuries. Results: 66% of rubber tappers reported experiencing an MSD in the past 12 months. Multivariate analysis revealed that many demographic, work condition, personal and psychosocial factors were associated with MSDs. A total of 594 injuries were experienced in the last 12 months, resulting in tappers missing 1080 days of work. Factors associated with injuries were working an additional job and depression. Conclusions: MSDs and injuries are common among rubber tappers in Sri Lanka. Numerous factors contribute to the high prevalence. These results suggest a need for injury monitoring on plantations. Furthermore...

Capacidade para o trabalho em indivíduos com lesões músculo-esqueléticas crônicas; Work ability of subjects with chronic musculoskeletal disorders

Walsh, IAP; Corral, S; Franco, RN; Canetti, EEF; Alem, MER; Coury, HJCG
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2004 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto de fatores pessoais, do trabalho e da lesão na capacidade funcional dos trabalhadores com e sem história de acometimento de lesões músculo-esqueléticas relacionadas ao trabalho, através da aplicação do índice de capacidade para o trabalho. MÉTODOS: Participaram do estudo 127 trabalhadores da linha de produção de uma empresa multinacional de porte médio. Foi aplicada uma tradução autorizada do índice de capacidade para o trabalho, um questionário elaborado pelo Instituto de Saúde Ocupacional da Finlândia, assim como uma escala de dor. Os resultados foram analisados descritivamente, por meio do teste qui-quadrado e pela análise de regressão logística. RESULTADOS: Todos os fatores pessoais, ocupacionais e clínicos analisados apresentaram relação significativa com a capacidade para o trabalho. A análise de regressão mostrou que as variáveis de dor e afastamentos, quando associadas, explicam 59% das ocorrências de baixa capacidade para o trabalho. CONCLUSÕES: Diferentes níveis de dor refletiram níveis também distintos e equivalentes de perda da capacidade para o trabalho, o que pode sugerir que os relatos de dor são consistentes. Ou, por outro lado, que ambos - dor e incapacidade - são baseados em auto-relatos e...

Aspectos da organização do trabalho e os distúrbios osteomusculares: um estudo com trabalhadores em instituições de longa permanência de idosos; Organizational aspects of the work and musculoskeletal disorders: a study of workers from elderly long term permanence institutions

Alencar, Maria do Carmo Baracho de; Montrezor, Janaína Bússola
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.47%
Este estudo exploratório teve o objetivo de investigar com base nas percepções dos trabalhadores e nas análises das atividades de trabalho, as relações existentes entre os distúrbios osteomusculares dos trabalhadores que cuidam/assistem os idosos e aspectos da organização do trabalho, em duas Instituições de Longa Permanência de Idosos, na cidade de Santos-SP. Os materiais e métodos consistiram de seleção de trabalhadores que assistiam/cuidavam diretamente de idosos; elaboração de questionário contendo dados demográficos e perguntas relacionadas ao trabalho, entre outras; o instrumento Questionário de Sintomas Osteomusculares- QNSO, levantamentos de tarefas e observações sistemáticas das atividades de trabalho com base na Ergonomia; sendo selecionadas para as observações: o banho, a troca de fraldas, transferências e deslocamentos dos idosos; e como complementos entrevistas semi-abertas gravadas junto aos trabalhadores com dores osteomusculares nos últimos 30 dias. Participaram do estudo 50 trabalhadores, com idade entre 21 e 66 anos; e destes 76,0% relataram dores osteomusculares nos últimos 30 dias, sendo a região lombar a mais acometida. Em ambas as instituições foram identificadas sobrecargas físicas e desgaste mental; e relacionadas a alguns aspectos da organização do trabalho...

Work-related upper limb musculoskeletal disorders (WRULMSDS) risk assessment: different tools, different results!: What are we measuring?

Serranheira,Florentino; Sousa Uva,António de
Fonte: Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo Publicador: Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
Several methods may be used for Work-Related Upper Limbs Musculoskeletal Disorders (WRULMSDs) risk assessment. We compare different methods and their results at the same workplace trying to increase a more accurate WRULMSDs risk assessment based at the hazard identification. This study took place at an automotive plant and included all the workstations (n=366) which has been previously studied with OCRA checklist. The methodology included the re-application of OCRA checklist at all workstations with scores OCRA ≥16,5 (n=152). At workplaces with high risk (n=71) we also applied three other methods of «risk evaluation»: (a) Rapid Upper Limb Assessment; (b) Strain Index; and (c) Hand Activity Level. Work activity has been also videotaped and the main risk factors were analyzed. The analysis is focused on the right upper limb. Outcomes were different with the use of each method, notably, they show disagreement in the categorization of high-risk workstations. So, (a) OCRA has a moderate correlation (p<0,001) with SI (rSp=0,52) and with (b) HAL (rSp=0,42); (c) HAL has a strong correlation with SI (rSp =0,77) and (d) RULA scores are not correlated with the others methods. OCRA, SI, RULA and HAL show evidence of distinct risk results that confirm the need of a selection criterion. The knowing of witch risk factors are presents at each workstation permit the selection of the most accurate method. Different WRULMSD’s risk assessment results will influence risk management and just with a workstation rigorous knowledge and the consequent method selection criterion...

The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among dentists in KwaZulu-Natal

Moodley,R; Naidoo,S
Fonte: South African Dental Journal Publicador: South African Dental Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
Occupational hazards in dentistry can result in injuries and reduced income if work -time is lost. Injuries include percutaneous insults, inhalation of noxious chemicals, hearing loss and musculoskeletal disorders (MSD). The prevalence of MSD among South African dentists is uncertain. This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted to determine that prevalence and associated risk factors among dentists in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South Africa. A convenience sample (n=350) of dentists registered with the South African Dental Association (SADA) were sent a questionnaire interrogating their medical and work history and their work-related posture. One hundred and nine (31%) responded. Almost all (99.1%) reported pain in the hands, neck, lower back and/or a shoulder, while 22.5% reported hand symptoms. Nearly three quarters (73.6%) rotated their necks during clinical work and 68.6% tilted a shoulder towards their dominant hand. A strong association (p value = 0) was found between the number of years in practice and work-related pain in the neck. The prevalence of MSD was very high when compared with international data. Self-recognition is most important in preventing occupational injuries. This study suggests the need to include ergonomic work practice during training to create awareness of the risk of MSD and to promote wellbeing.

Musculoskeletal disorders among workers in plastic manufacturing plants

Fernandes,Rita de Cássia Pereira; Assunção,Ada Ávila; Silvany Neto,Annibal Muniz; Carvalho,Fernando Martins
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pós -Graduação em Saúde Coletiva Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pós -Graduação em Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.47%
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have indicated an association between musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and physical work demands. Psychosocial work demands have also been identified as possible risk factors, but findings have been inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate factors associated with upper back, neck and upper limb MSD among workers from 14 plastic manufacturing companies located in the city of Salvador, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to survey a stratified proportional random sample of 577 workers. Data were collected by questionnaire interviews. Factor analysis was carried out on 11 physical demands variables. Psychosocial work demands were measured by demand, control and social support questions. The role of socio-demographic factors, lifestyle and household tasks was also examined. Multiple logistic regression was used to identify factors related to upper back, neck and upper limb MSDs. RESULTS: Results from multiple logistic regression showed that distal upper limb MSDs were related to manual handling, work repetitiveness, psychosocial demands, job dissatisfaction, and gender. Neck, shoulder or upper back MSDs were related to manual handling, work repetitiveness, psychosocial demands, job dissatisfaction...