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Alterações posturais em atividades de lazer/ocupacionais e sua relação com Disfunções Temporomandibulares

Machado, Maria de Ferraz Almeida e Peixoto
Fonte: [s.n.] Publicador: [s.n.]
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
Projeto de Pós-Graduação/Dissertação apresentado à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Medicina Dentária; As alterações posturais que o corpo humano sofre ao realizar atividades diárias, tanto a nível profissional como de lazer, podem influenciar diversas partes do organismo. Um dos sistemas afetados é o sistema estomatognático (SEG), uma vez que os seus componentes interagem de forma direta com a região cervical da coluna vertebral. O objetivo principal deste trabalho de revisão é identificar e fazer um levantamento de conhecimento adquirido no domínio do modo como as características posturais associadas ao uso dos computadores, realização de atividades desportivas (mergulho e ginástica) e de atividades musicais (utilização de instrumentos de cordas e de sopro) podem predispor os indivíduos para sofrerem de disfunções temporomandibulares (DTMs) ou para a presença a de sinais e sintomas das mesmas. Realizou-se uma revisão da literatura utilizando as seguintes palavras-chave: temporomandibular joint disorders, scuba diving, sports and TMD, gymnastic and TMD, joint laxity, hypermobility joint, ergonomic, computer workers, computer work environment, visual display terminal...

Treinamento de profissionais de educação física para o reconhecimento precoce de doenças osteoarticulares através do uso de teleducação interativa; Treinamento de profissionais de educação física para o reconhecimento precoce de doenças osteoarticulares através do uso de teleducação interativa

Corrêa, Filipe Guimarães
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/09/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
Fatores como aumento na expectativa de vida da população brasileira e o aumento de número de pessoas com estilo de vida predominantemente sedentário vem gerando o crescimento da incidência de uma série de doenças crônicas e degenerativas. A prática de exercícios físicos para esta considerável parcela da sociedade é importante, entretanto, a prescrição e execução da prática de exercícios físicos requerem cuidados especiais, como o reconhecimento de sinais que permitam a suspeita de doenças e lesões, principalmente as doenças musculosesqueléticas que podem ser agravados devido a atividades físicas, sem tratamento médico adequado. Através de um levantamento realizado no início deste trabalho, constatou-se a deficiência ou até ausência de matérias ou disciplinas que abordassem temas relacionados a doenças do sistema osteoarticular nas grades curriculares de cursos de graduação em educação física. Atualmente as academias de ginástica são em grande parte freqüentadas por pessoas que tem como objetivo a manutenção ou aquisição de uma melhor condição de saúde, não se restringindo apenas a objetivos relacionados com a estética corporal. As modalidades de exercícios mais praticados são: ginástica e musculação...

Queixas osteomusculares e trabalho em turno; Musculoskeletal complaints and sftwork

Tomazini, Gislene Guimarães Garcia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/06/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
Objetivo: Comparar a sobrecarga no sistema musculoesquelético e na qualidade de vida de trabalhadores em turnos fixos matutinos, vespertinos e noturnos. Métodos: A amostra deste estudo foi composta de 254 trabalhadores de uma empresa ligada ao setor automotivo. As coletas foram realizadas em uma cidade brasileira de médio porte no ano de 2011. Os trabalhadores foram divididos em grupos de turnos: G1. 87 Trabalhadores do Turno Matutino (6:00 - 14:00); G2. 87 Trabalhadores do Turno Vespertino (14:00 - 22:00); G3. 80 Trabalhadores do Turno Noturno (22:00 - 6:00). Foram aplicados os seguintes instrumentos: Questionário Sociodemográfico, Questionário Nórdico de Sintomas Musculoesqueléticos e Questionário de Qualidade de Vida SF-36. Foi estimada a prevalência, com respectivo intervalo de 95% de confiança, para as queixas músculoesqueléticas. Análises bivariadas foram usadas para identificar possíveis associações entre as queixas musculoesqueléticas e as variáveis independentes. Resultados: Analisando o odds ratio da ocorrência de dor em função das variáveis: idade, escolaridade, composição familiar, função, tempo de trajeto até o trabalho, realização de outras atividades, tempo de vínculo empregatício e qualidade de vida avaliada pelo SF-36...

Manifestações musculoesqueléticas associadas à hepatite C crônica; Musculoskeletal manifestations associated with chronic hepatitis C

Nakamura, Andréa Aparecida Siqueira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/09/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.44%
INTRODUÇÃO: A infecção pelo vírus C é um grande problema de saúde pública e tem se tornado a principal indicação de transplante de fígado. Com uma distribuição universal, é a segunda doença crônica viral mais frequente no mundo. No entanto, a hepatite C crônica é mais que uma doença hepática. Pacientes com infecção crônica pelo HCV podem desenvolver um grande número de manifestações extra-hepáticas independentemente da gravidade da doença hepática. Há muitas doenças reumatológicas associadas à infecção pelo HCV, incluindo artralgia, mialgia e artrite. MÉTODOS: Um estudo transversal desenvolvido entre os pacientes atendidos no Ambulatório de Hepatites da Divisão de Clínica de Moléstias Infeciosas e Parasitárias do HCFMUSP, na cidade de São Paulo, no período de 2004 a 2008, selecionou 243 pacientes que preencheram os critérios de inclusão e assinaram o termo de consentimento após esclarecimentos sobre a pesquisa. Foi realizada uma entrevista com os pacientes, em que foram coletadas informações demográficas, epidemiológicas e clinico-laboratoriais. Foram realizados exames laboratoriais, bioquímicos, hematológicos, imunológicos, PCR, HCV, RNA quantitativo e genotipagem do HCV. A avaliação das características da infecção pelo HCV (epidemiológica...

Dental Practice and Musculoskeletal Disorders Association: A Look at the Evidence

Isper Garbin, Artenio Jose; Saliba Garbin, Clea Adas; Saliba Moimaz, Suzely Adas; Franco Baldan, Renato Costa; Zina, Livia Guimaraes
Fonte: Heldref Publications Publicador: Heldref Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 26-33
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
Disorders localized to the musculoskeletal system are a common problem among dental personnel. This study has the aim of surveying epidemiological studies reporting positive associations between dental practice and musculoskeletal disorders (MSKDs). The focus was to evaluate the size of reported risk increase and the extent to what alternative causal explanations were considered. Reports with significant links (p value .05) were systematically selected from 2 electronic databases. Twenty-five studies were identified. Risk measures were reported in 8 studies, and all of them presented weak associations. The impact of at least 1 competing explanations was analyzed in 32% of studies, but adjustment was considered not adequate in half of them. The evidence on dentistry as a profession with potential risk for development of MSKDs remains questionable. Further research is needed to more carefully elucidate the risk and the impact of MSKDs in this particular occupational group.

Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among plastics industry workers

Fernandes,Rita de Cássia Pereira; Carvalho,Fernando Martins; Assunção,Ada Ávila
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among workers in the plastics industry in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil was estimated. Cases were defined by reported symptoms of pain in the previous 12 months, lasting more than a week or having monthly minimum frequency, which had given rise to restrictions at work or to seeking medical attention, or where respondents had a severity score greater than or equal to 3 (on a numerical scale of 0 to 5). A stratified proportional random sample of 577 workers was studied. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, considering of all body segments, was 50.1%. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was higher among women than among men at distal upper extremities (34.6% and 11.6% respectively) and also in the region of the neck, shoulder or upper part of the back (27.4% and 17.6% respectively). There was no difference between genders for the prevalence of lower back pain (21.2% and 21.4% respectively); 65% of cases in this region had reports of pain in the previous seven days. Due to the importance and prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, it is necessary that their measurement in epidemiological studies be done properly.

Shockwave treatment for musculoskeletal diseases and bone consolidation: qualitative analysis of the literature

Kertzman,Paulo; Lenza,Mario; Pedrinelli,André; Ejnisman,Benno
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ortopedia e Traumatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ortopedia e Traumatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.42%
Shockwave treatment is an option within orthopedics. The exact mechanism through which shockwaves function for treating musculoskeletal diseases is unknown. The aim of this study was to make a qualitative analysis on the effectiveness of shockwave treatment among patients with musculoskeletal pathological conditions and pseudarthrosis. Searches were conducted in the Cochrane Library, Medline and Lilacs databases. Thirty-nine studies that reported using shockwave treatment for musculoskeletal diseases were found. Their results varied greatly, as did the types of protocol used. The studies that evaluated the effectiveness of shockwave treatment for lateral epicondylitis, shoulder tendinopathy, knee osteoarthrosis, femoral head osteonecrosis and trochanteric bursitis reported inconsistent results for most of their patients. Those that evaluated patients with calcifying tendinopathy, plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendinopathy, patellar tendinopathy and pseudarthrosis showed benefits. Shockwave treatment is a safe and non-invasive method for chronic cases in which conventional techniques have been unsatisfactory and should be used in association with other treatment methods for tendinopathy. Further quality studies are needed.

The prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases among casual dock workers

Almeida,Marlise Capa Verde de; Cezar-Vaz,Marta Regina; Soares,Jorgana Fernanda de Souza; Silva,Mara Regina Santos da
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
This study identified the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among casual dockworkers. This is a retrospective and quantitative study, the data sources of which included the medical files of dockworkers from 2000 to 2009. Data were collected in a medical service for dockworkers using a previously developed form; descriptive quantitative analysis was performed. Ethical aspects were complied with. A total of 15.8% of the diagnoses identified among male workers referred to musculoskeletal disorders. Individuals older than 52 years of age and with more than 21 years working in the field predominated. The most frequent musculoskeletal diseases included low back pain (38.8%), tendinitis (19.7%), and neck pain (12.5%). These diseases can be prevented through health interventions, confirming the importance of developing clinical support in nursing in order to improve the quality of life of dockworkers.

Prevalence of self reported musculoskeletal diseases is high

Picavet, H; Hazes, J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
Objectives: To present the prevalence of self reported musculoskeletal diseases, the coexistence of these diseases, the test-retest reliability with six months in between, and the association with musculoskeletal pain symptoms.

The global challenges and opportunities in the practice of rheumatology: White paper by the World Forum on Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Diseases

Al Maini, Mustafa; Adelowo, Femi; Al Saleh, Jamal; Al Weshahi, Yousef; Burmester, Gerd-Rüdiger; Cutolo, Maurizio; Flood, Joseph; March, Lyn; McDonald-Blumer, Heather; Pile, Kevin; Pineda, Carlos; Thorne, Carter; Kvien, Tore K.
Fonte: Springer London Publicador: Springer London
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
Rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) represent a multitude of degenerative, inflammatory and auto-immune conditions affecting millions of people worldwide. Persons with these diseases may potentially experience severe chronic pain, joint damage, increasing disability and even death. With an increasingly ageing population, the prevalence and burden of RMDs are predicted to increase, placing greater demands on the global practice of rheumatology and related healthcare budgets. Effective treatment of RMDs currently faces a number of challenges in both the developed and developing world, and individual countries may face more specific local challenges. However, limited understanding of the burden of RMDs amongst public health professionals and policy-makers means that these diseases are often not considered a public health priority. The objective of this review is to increase awareness of the RMDs and to identify opportunities to address RMD challenges on both a local and global scale. On 26 September 2014, rheumatology experts from five different continents met at the World Forum on Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Diseases (WFRMD) to discuss and identify some key challenges for the RMDs community today. The outcomes are presented in this review...

Shockwave treatment for musculoskeletal diseases and bone consolidation: qualitative analysis of the literature☆

Kertzman, Paulo; Lenza, Mario; Pedrinelli, André; Ejnisman, Benno
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Orthopedics and Traumatology Publicador: Brazilian Society of Orthopedics and Traumatology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 22/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
Shockwave treatment is an option within orthopedics. The exact mechanism through which shockwaves function for treating musculoskeletal diseases is unknown. The aim of this study was to make a qualitative analysis on the effectiveness of shockwave treatment among patients with musculoskeletal pathological conditions and pseudarthrosis. Searches were conducted in the Cochrane Library, Medline and Lilacs databases. Thirty-nine studies that reported using shockwave treatment for musculoskeletal diseases were found. Their results varied greatly, as did the types of protocol used. The studies that evaluated the effectiveness of shockwave treatment for lateral epicondylitis, shoulder tendinopathy, knee osteoarthrosis, femoral head osteonecrosis and trochanteric bursitis reported inconsistent results for most of their patients. Those that evaluated patients with calcifying tendinopathy, plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendinopathy, patellar tendinopathy and pseudarthrosis showed benefits. Shockwave treatment is a safe and non-invasive method for chronic cases in which conventional techniques have been unsatisfactory and should be used in association with other treatment methods for tendinopathy. Further quality studies are needed.

Development and test-retest reliability of an extended version of the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ-E): A screening instrument for musculoskeletal pain

Dawson, A.; Steele, E.; Hodges, P.; Stewart, S.
Fonte: Churchill Livingstone Publicador: Churchill Livingstone
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.38%
The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) quantifies musculoskeletal pain and activity prevention in 9 body regions. The purpose of this study was to develop an extended NMQ (NMQ-E) to collect greater information regarding musculoskeletal pain, examine test–retest reliability and the reproducibility of alternate administration methods. Reliability was examined using observed proportion of agreement for all (Po), positive (Ppos) and negative (Pneg) responses, kappa (κ), proportion of maximum kappa achieved (κ/κmax), intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) and standard error of measurement (SEM). The NMQ-E was self-administered by 59 Bachelor of Nursing students at a 24-h interval with mean Po = 0.88–0.98 and κ/κmax = 0.71–0.96 for 10 dichotomous questions and mean ICC(2,1) = 0.97 and SEM = 1.05 years for the age at symptom onset question. The NMQ-E was completed via self and interview administration by 31 student nurses at a 0.97 ± 1.14 day interval with mean Po = 0.92–0.98 and κ/κmax = 0.76–1.00 for binary questions and mean ICC(2,1) = 0.90 and SEM = 1.51 years for age at symptom onset data. In both sub-studies, mean Ppos was lower than mean Pneg and low prevalence reduced κ in many instances. The NMQ-E collects reliable information regarding the onset...

The scope, funding and publication of musculoskeletal clinical trials performed in Australia

Bourne, A.M.; Whittle, S.L.; Richards, B.L.; Maher, C.G.; Buchbinder, R.
Fonte: MJA Group Australia Publicador: MJA Group Australia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
Musculoskeletal conditions are the leading contributors to disability burden globally and account for 27.4% of total disability burden in Australia. Timely research that addresses important questions relevant to consumers, clinicians and policymakers is critical for reducing the burden associated with these conditions. Clinical trials are particularly important for providing information about whether interventions are effective and safe. They are also needed to test strategies for reducing the sizeable delays in translating evidence into practice. A review of the current scope of musculoskeletal clinical trials in Australia found that National Health and Medical Research Council funding is disproportionally low compared with the burden of these conditions (averaging 5.8 new trials per year through the project grant scheme over the past 5 years, representing 0.8% of all project grants and funding, and 5% of NHMRC clinical trial funding). In the past 2 years, 128 Australian-initiated trials were registered in a trial registry, while about one in 20 randomised trials published in 37 leading general medical and musculoskeletal-specific journals was initiated in Australia. None were implementation trials. Relative to the burden of musculoskeletal conditions in Australia...

Aplicação de termómetro de infravermelhos no diagnóstico de lesões músculo-esqueléticas em equinos

Sardinha, Mariana Rosa Garcia
Fonte: Repositório Científico Lusófona Publicador: Repositório Científico Lusófona
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.37%
Esta dissertação tem como o objetivo comprovar que um termómetro de infravermelhos de utilização em Humanos tem a capacidade de medir alterações de temperatura provocadas por doenças músculo-esqueléticas em equinos. O equipamento necessário para fazer um exame termográfico não está acessível a todos os médicos veterinários devido ao seu elevado preço, foi com este propósito que surgiu este tema. Foram estudados dez cavalos com lesões músculo-esqueléticas variadas e diferentes graus de claudicação, sendo a temperatura medida no local da lesão. A temperatura foi também medida em cavalos saudáveis de modo a obter 100 casos controlo, 10 por cada caso doente. Através de testes estatísticos foi analisado se as diferenças de temperaturas obtidas são significativas, de forma a perceber se o termómetro de infravermelhos pode ser uma alternativa ao exame termográfico. Os resultados deste trabalho comprovam que um termómetro de infravermelhos permite fazer um diagnóstico, ao obter diferenças significativas quando comparado com as temperaturas dos casos controlo.; This dissertation aims to prove that an infrared thermometer for human usage has the ability to measure temperature changes created by musculoskeletal diseases in equines. The equipment required for thermographic exams is not affordable to every veterinary doctor. This was the motive for this dissertation. For this dissertation 10 horses with different musculoskeletal diseases contemplating various lameness grades were studied...

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Diseases and the Workers' Compensation

Jang, Tae-Won; Koo, Jung-Wan; Kwon, Soon-Chan; Song, Jaechul
Fonte: The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences Publicador: The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.4%
The Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act (IACIA) regulates the workers' compensation insurance system and the standards for the recognition of occupational diseases (ODs). Since its establishment in 1994, the IACIA has been amended several times. Before 2008, the approval of compensation for work-related musculoskeletal diseases (WMSDs) was decided based on the recommendation of consultants of the Korea Workers' Compensation and Welfare Service (COMWEL). The IACIA was amended in 2008, and since then, the approval of compensation for occupational injuries has been decided based on the recommendation of COMWEL consultants, whereas the approval of compensation for ODs was decided based on the judgment of Committee on Occupational Diseases Judgment (CODJ) which was established in 2008. According to the 2013 amendment to the IACIA, degenerative musculoskeletal diseases among workers engaged in musculoskeletal-burdening work should be considered compensable ODs. Despite some commendable changes to the workers' compensation insurance system, other significant issues persist. To resolve these issues, related organizations including the associations of orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, and occupational and environmental medicine; Ministry of Employment and Labor; and COMWEL need to work cooperatively.

Tratamento fisioterápico em distúrbios osteomusculares relacionados ao trabalho: um estudo de caso; Physical therapy in work, related musculoskeletal diseases: a report case

Mendes, Luciane Frizo; Casarotto, Raquel Aparecida
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/12/1998 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
Estudos epidemiológicos mostram que as Lesões por Esforços Repetitivos (LER) ou Distúrbios Osteomusculares Relacionados ao Trabalho (DORT) ocupam o primeiro lugar entre as doenças ocupacionais. Entretanto, há poucos estudos sobre a abordagem clínica da fisioterapia em saúde ocupacional. O objetivo deste estudo é relatar a evolução de um caso de DORT tratado apenas com fisioterapia. A paciente apresentava diagnóstico de cervicobraquialgia referindo quadro álgico há três anos. O tratamento teve duração de dezenove sessões. TENS, massoterapia e cinesioterapia foram os principais recursos utilizados. O quadro doloroso e a funcionalidade da paciente tiveram significante melhora a partir da décima segunda terapia, demonstrando que o TENS foi eficaz no controle da dor crônica. E as instabilidades do quadro clínico da paciente que ocorreram durante o tratamento estavam relacionados a fatores organizacionais do trabalho revelando que existe a necessidade de uma abordagem multidisciplinar com intervenções no local de trabalho.; Epidemiological researches show that Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI) or Work Related Musculoskeletal Diseases (WRMD) occupy the first place among occupational diseases. However, there are few researches about the physical therapy clinical approach in occupational health. The objective of this study is to report a RSI/WRMD case evolution only treated with physical therapy. The treatment lasted 19 sessions...

Prevalência de doenças musculoesqueléticas entre trabalhadores portuários avulsos; The prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases among casual dock workers; Prevalecía de enfermedades musculoesqueléticos entre trabajadores portuarios apulsos

Almeida, Marlise Capa Verde de; Cezar-Vaz, Marta Regina; Soares, Jorgana Fernanda de Souza; Silva, Mara Regina Santos da
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2012 ENG; POR; SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
This study identified the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among casual dockworkers. This is a retrospective and quantitative study, the data sources of which included the medical files of dockworkers from 2000 to 2009. Data were collected in a medical service for dockworkers using a previously developed form; descriptive quantitative analysis was performed. Ethical aspects were complied with. A total of 15.8% of the diagnoses identified among male workers referred to musculoskeletal disorders. Individuals older than 52 years of age and with more than 21 years working in the field predominated. The most frequent musculoskeletal diseases included low back pain (38.8%), tendinitis (19.7%), and neck pain (12.5%). These diseases can be prevented through health interventions, confirming the importance of developing clinical support in nursing in order to improve the quality of life of dockworkers.; Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar la prevalecía de enfermedades osteomusculares relacionadas al trabajo entre trabajadores portuarios sin registro. Estudio cuantitativo, retrospectivo. La fuente de datos las tablas de atención medica de los trabajadores portuarios sin registro en el período de 2000 a 2009. La colecta de datos fue realizada en un Servicio de Medicina del Trabajo Portuario a partir de un formulario predeterminado. Se procedió en el análisis cuantitativo descriptivo de los datos. Los aspectos éticos fueran respetados. Se identificó 15...

EARLY APPEARANCE OF THE CHRONIC PAIN PATTERN IN SUBACUTE MUSCULOSKELETAL PATIENTS

León,Leticia; Redondo,Marta; Pérez-Nieto,Miguel Ángel; Jover,Juan A.; Abasolo,Lydia
Fonte: Ciencias Psicológicas Publicador: Ciencias Psicológicas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
The chronic pain pattern implies high levels of negative emotions, pain and perceived disability disability perceived. Up to date few studies have assessed when this chronic pain pattern appears. This study is aimed at exploring this issue. Methods: were evaluated 146 subjects with 4 weeks sick leave due to musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs) and 95 with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). All patients completed the following assessment instruments: the Sadness and Depression Questionnaire (CTD), Anxiety situations and responses. Inventory -Brief form- (ISRA-B), Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), a visual analogy scale for intensity of pain and a likert type scale for the frequency of pain. The analyses included a comparison on the scores of the tests between patients on sick leave due to MD compared to RA patients. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed. Results: Patients on sick leave due to MD and RA patients reported similar perception of their disability, showing a high HAQ score mean. Patients on sick leave due to MD reported more perceived frequency and intensity of pain than RA patients. In relation to negative emotions, both groups reported similar high levels with some poorer levels for RA patients compared to patients on sick leave due to MD for cognitive...

Improved education in musculoskeletal conditions is necessary for all doctors

Åkesson,Kristina; Dreinhöfer,Karsten E.; Woolf,A.D.
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.3%
It is likely that everyone will, at some time, suffer from a problem related to the musculoskeletal system, ranging from a very common problem such as osteoarthritis or back pain to severely disabling limb trauma or rheumatoid arthritis. Many musculoskeletal problems are chronic conditions. The most common symptoms are pain and disability, with an impact not only on individuals’ quality of life but also, importantly, on people’s ability to earn a living and be independent. It has been estimated that one in four consultations in primary care is caused by problems of the musculoskeletal system and that these conditions may account for up to 60% of all disability pensions. In contrast, teaching at undergraduate and graduate levels - and the resulting competence and confidence of many doctors - do not reflect the impact of these conditions on individuals and society. Many medical students do not have any clinical training in assessing patients with bone and joint problems. Under the umbrella of the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010, experts from all parts of the world with an interest in teaching have developed recommendations for an undergraduate curriculum to improve the teaching of musculoskeletal conditions in medical schools. The goal for each medical school should be a course in musculoskeletal medicine concentrating on clinical assessment...

Burden of major musculoskeletal conditions

Woolf,Anthony D.; Pfleger,Bruce
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
Musculoskeletal conditions are a major burden on individuals, health systems, and social care systems, with indirect costs being predominant. This burden has been recognized by the United Nations and WHO, by endorsing the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010. This paper describes the burden of four major musculoskeletal conditions: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, and low back pain. Osteoarthritis, which is characterized by loss of joint cartilage that leads to pain and loss of function primarily in the knees and hips, affects 9.6% of men and 18% of women aged >60 years. Increases in life expectancy and ageing populations are expected to make osteoarthritis the fourth leading cause of disability by the year 2020. Joint replacement surgery, where available, provides effective relief. Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory condition that usually affects multiple joints. It affects 0.3-1.0% of the general population and is more prevalent among women and in developed countries. Persistent inflammation leads to joint destruction, but the disease can be controlled with drugs. The incidence may be on the decline, but the increase in the number of older people in some regions makes it difficult to estimate future prevalence. Osteoporosis...