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Antropofagia ou Multiculturalismo? Oswald de Andrade na 24ª Bienal de São Paulo; Antropophagy or Multiculturalism? Oswald de Andrade at 24ª Biennial of São Paulo

Queiroz, Helena Pereira de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/03/2012 PT
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Esta dissertação examina os conceitos que embasaram o projeto curatorial da 24ª Bienal de São Paulo, a última Bienal do século XX, realizada em 1998. Busca-se tirar o foco da análise unicamente da Antropofagia e do canibalismo para inserir a mostra no contexto do multiculturalismo. Parte-se do pressuposto de que o fenômeno do multiculturalismo, presente nas discussões políticas decorrentes das mudanças advindas da globalização e da consequente desterritorialização da arte no mundo contemporâneo, tornou anacrônica a tentativa de construção de identidades nacionais fixas, tema central do modernismo brasileiro. Nesse contexto, a 24ª Bienal teria se firmado internacionalmente não por estar centrada em um tema periférico da cultura brasileira, como pretendo comprovar, mas sim por inscrever-se no debate do multiculturalismo em tempos de globalização pós-colonial.; This dissertation (Antropophagy or Multiculturalism? Oswald de Andrade at 24th Biennial of São Paulo) examines the concepts behind the curatorial project of the 24th Biennial of Sao Paulo, the last Biennial of the twentieth century, held in 1998. The research aims to include the multiculturalism context in the discussion, taking of the focus of analysis based just on Antropophagy and cannibalism. It starts from the assumption that the phenomenon of multiculturalism...

Backpack Archetypes on Screen or Growing into Multiculturalism through Visual Culture and Perceptive Travel Seminars

Soares, Paula
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Aula Formato: 562279 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
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The aim of this paper is to focus, on one side, on the importance of visual culture and, on the other side, on the experience of perceptive travel seminars as powerful means to broaden multicultural awareness within higher education for intercultural dialogue and multiculturalism. In my PhD research I developed the concept of inner screen and outer screen (Soares, 2003), within a model of perception between images projected on (outer) screens and images projected in the mind (inner screens). As an essence within this dynamic model we can find universal images, those that C.G. Jung called archetypes. The first part of this paper aims at focusing on the relationship between visual culture (outer screen) and the inner perception of archetypes (universal images) that individuals of all cultures do share. As the essence of growing into multiculturalism consists in identifying which same roots humanity shares, those deep roots that are beyond the diversities of superficial appearance. The study of comparative mythology (C.G.Jung, Joseph Campbell), for example, reveals those analogies that exist among cultures coloured with local specificities and rituals. The aim is therefore the search for the global within the local as a starting point towards intercultural dialogue. In the second part of this paper we will focus our attention on perceptive travel seminars as innovative means of education in movement towards a gain of multicultural awareness. Traditionally higher education is centred indoors at the university. A means to develop intercultural dialogue is connected to a motivation towards getting to know other cultures...

Assimilation, multiculturalism, and colorblindness: Mediated and moderated relationships between social dominance orientation and prejudice

Levin, Shana; Matthews, Miriam; Guimond, Serge; Sidanius, James; Pratto, Felicia; Kteily, Nour; Pitpitan, Eileen V.; Dover, Tessa
Fonte: Elsevier BV Publicador: Elsevier BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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Using correlational and experimental data, we examined the degree to which personal and perceived normative support for the acculturation ideologies of assimilation, multiculturalism, and colorblindness mediated and moderated the relationship between social dominance orientation (SDO) and prejudice among 299 White students at three American colleges. Correlational results indicated that personal support for the acculturation ideologies mediated the SDO–prejudice relationship. Personal support for assimilation (a hierarchy-enhancing ideology) positively related to SDO; multiculturalism and colorblindness (hierarchy-attenuating ideologies) negatively related to SDO. An experimental manipulation varied whether assimilation, multiculturalism, or colorblindness was considered normative in the United States. In addition to a control, a fifth condition primed the Obama presidency. SDO related most strongly to prejudice toward American immigrants and ethnic minorities when assimilation norms and the Obama presidency were primed. Efforts to reduce the associations between SDO and prejudice are discussed in terms of highlighting hierarchy-attenuating national norms of multiculturalism and colorblindness.; Psychology

Settler colonialism, multiculturalism and the politics of postcolonial identity

Lovell, Melissa
Fonte: Australian Political Studies Association, Monash University; http://www.monash.edu.au Publicador: Australian Political Studies Association, Monash University; http://www.monash.edu.au
Tipo: Conference paper; Accepted Version Formato: 18 pages
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The twentieth century saw the development of nationalism and the construction of postcolonial identities in many newly independent nations. Formerly colonised peoples have struggled to restore and adapt their customs and to construct postcolonial national identities. Settler colonial nations face a distinctive challenge in the construction of postcolonial national identities. These nations are founded on the dispossession and assimilation of indigenous peoples and the impulse to build an autonomous settler nation. They are, therefore, caught in a limbo between an ambivalent relationship to the ‘mother-country’ and an unwillingness to acknowledge brutal and colonial aspects of their nation’s foundations. The Australian situation is a powerful example of the difficulty of constructing postcolonial national identities in settler colonial nations. In Australia, multicultural discourses have sought to distance Australian identity from its settler colonial foundations. These discourses have the potential to contribute to a more postcolonial form of national identity. Many Australians, however, have seemed indifferent to multicultural descriptions of Australian identity. Multiculturalism’s failure to capture the Australian imagination can be attributed to the difficulty of overcoming settler colonial forms of identity. The settler colonial ambivalence regarding Australia’s British and colonial heritage has resulted in the adoption of liberal democratic ‘universalist’ values as a form of surrogate cultural and national identity. The culture of Australians of British heritage is normalised and these Australians frequently regard themselves to be without a true cultural heritage. This has serious implications for multiculturalism. Multiculturalism is interpreted as applicable only to Australians of ‘ethnic’ background...

From multiculturalism to post-multiculturalism: Trends and paradoxes

Gozdecka, Dorota A; Ercan, Selen A; Kmak, Magdalena
Fonte: Sage Publications Publicador: Sage Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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In recent years, multiculturalism has been declared a failure both in Europe and the Anglophone West. This diagnosis went hand in hand with an excessive focus on gendered cultural practices in culturally diverse societies, such as forced marriages or ‘honour killings’; the raise of anti-immigration political movements and the adoption of stricter legal rules in the areas of immigration and citizenship. This article aims to capture the legal, social and political responses to ‘failed’ multiculturalism under the banner of post-multiculturalism. In doing so, it identifies the major shifts that characterises post-multiculturalism and discusses their implications particularly for the citizens of Europe and various ‘others’. A close analysis of the recent shifts in the areas of rights, migration law and policy debates in various culturally diverse societies reveal that postmulticulturalism reinforces rather than counteracts the problematic features of multiculturalism. Drawing on the insights suggested by the literature on neo-liberal governmentality, the article points out the paradoxes of post-multiculturalism and their implications for culturally different Others.; This research received funding for three-year projects from the University of Helsinki Funds.

The Bouchard-Taylor Report on Cultural and Religious Accommodation: Multiculturalism by Any Other Name?

TREMBLAY, Luc B.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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In 2008, Gerard Bouchard and Charles Taylor released an important report as Co-Chairs of the Consultation Commission on Accommodation Practices Related to Cultural Differences. The Commission was set up by the Quebec government in response to public discontent concerning «reasonable accommodation» of religious and cultural practices. In the report, four delicate issues, among others, are examined: cultural integration, collective identity, church-state relations and the most appropriate procedures for handling cultural and religious harmonization requests. Altogether, the Co-Chairs’ positions propound a normative conception of sociocultural integration in a pluralist society. This conception, that may be called «interculturalism», is conceived by the commissioners as an alternative to «multiculturalism». The text examines whether interculturalism, as conceived in the report, is anything but a version of multiculturalism. The contention is that it is a rose by any other name.

The strange non-death of multiculturalism

MODOOD, Tariq
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Outros Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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One of the strange features of the ‘Multiculturalism is dead’ discourses is that they now define ‘multiculturalism’. It is now commonplace for even neutral commentators to define multiculturalism as a view which emphasises difference at the expense of commonality, separatism rather than mixing, group rather than national identities, relativism rather than a defence of democratic values. Yet no evidence is ever offered by reference to academic texts, political speeches or actual policies that any of this has ever been promoted by multiculturalists. This rhetorical strategy has been so successful that even those who defend multiculturalism today prefer to use a vocabulary of ‘multiculture’ and ‘interculturalism’. I challenge this strategy by arguing that multiculturalism is a mode of integration, which can be contrasted with other modes such as assimilation, individualist-integration and cosmopolitanism, and like the others it is based on the core democratic values of liberty, equality and fraternity/unity.

Interculturalism, multiculturalism, or both?

MEER, Nasar; MODOOD, Tariq
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Outros Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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In this policy paper we outline some of the prevailing ways in which interculturalism is being positively contrasted with multiculturalism, especially as a set of political ideas, in European contexts of post-migration diversity. We argue that while some advocates of a political interculturalism wish to emphasise its positive qualities in terms of encouraging communication, recognising dynamic identities, promoting unity and critiquing illiberal cultural practices, each of these qualities too are important (often foundational) features of multiculturalism. We begin by exploring the four areas contrast identified above, before turning to the implications of this discussion for existing citizenship regimes. We conclude that until interculturalism as a political discourse is able to offer a distinct perspective, one that can more persuasively speak to a variety of concerns emanating from complex identities and matters of equality and diversity, it does not eclipse multiculturalism and should instead be considered as complementary to multiculturalism. To illustrate this further we offer five policy orientations relevant to the European context.

The essentialist critique of multiculturalism : theories, policies, ethos

KYMLICKA, Will
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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One important critique of multiculturalism is that it promotes “essentialism”, reifying the identities and practices of minority groups. In Anne Phillips’ words, multiculturalism “exaggerates the internal unity of cultures, solidifies differences that are currently more fluid, and makes people from other cultures seem more exotic and distinct than they really are”. Multiculturalism has therefore become a “cultural straitjacket” rather than a “cultural liberator”, and requires “radical overhaul” if it is to serve emancipatory goals. In this paper I challenge this claim. The phenomenon of essentialism surely exists, but is multiculturalism really to blame? I argue that the essentialist critique conflates different issues, jumping from critiques of academic theories of multiculturalism to critiques of government policies to critiques of everyday street-level discourses of ethnic difference. Once we distinguish these different targets, the essentialist critique is less damning to multiculturalism than initially supposed. Indeed, we may find that the theories and practices of liberal multiculturalism, far from being the cause of the problem of essentialism, are a remedy to them.

Multiculturalism and moderate secularism

MODOOD, Tariq
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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What is sometimes talked about as the ‘post-secular’ or a ‘crisis of secularism’ is, in Western Europe, quite crucially to do with the reality of multiculturalism. By which I mean not just the fact of new ethno-religious diversity but the presence of a multiculturalist approach to this diversity, namely: the idea that equality must be extended from uniformity of treatment to include respect for difference; recognition of public/private interdependence rather than dichotomized as in classical liberalism; the public recognition and institutional accommodation of minorities; the reversal of marginalisation and a remaking of national citizenship so that all can have a sense of belonging to it. I think that equality requires that this ethno-cultural multiculturalism should be extended to include state-religion connexions in Western Europe, which I characterise as ‘moderate secularism’, based on the idea that political authority should not be subordinated to religious authority yet religion can be a public good which the state should assist in realising or utilising. I discuss here three multiculturalist approaches that contend this multiculturalising of moderate secularism is not the way forward. One excludes religious groups and secularism from the scope of multiculturalism (Kymlicka); another largely limits itself to opposing the ‘othering’ of groups such as Jews and Muslims (Jansen); and the third argues that moderate secularism is the problem not the solution (Bhargava).

Secularism as proto-multiculturalism : the case of Australia

LEVEY, Geoffrey Brahm
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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Institutionally and culturally, Australia bridges Britain and the United States, the Old and New Worlds. Its federal parliamentary democracy borrowed aspects from both Westminster and Washington. Yet, Australia rejected both England’s established church and the US’s ‘high wall of separation’ between church and state. Australia is often compared with the US and Canada as one of the great immigrant democracies. Like Canada, it adopted multiculturalism as state policy in the 1970s. Yet, it more closely resembles many European countries and perhaps even Québec in the precedence it grants to the established (Anglo-Australian) majority culture. Australia thus combines Old and New World patterns and concerns, offering a unique vantage point on the governance of religious diversity in relation to secularism. We are accustomed to thinking that political secularism and multiculturalism – arguably, the two greatest liberal responses to religious and cultural diversity – press in opposite directions. Whereas secularism separates state and religion, multiculturalism involves the state affirmation of cultural identity. Australia presents a case where these two models genuinely complement and indeed begin to merge into each other. Indeed...

Gerard B??hague: from Panamericanism to Multiculturalism [abstract only]

Volpe, Maria Alice
Fonte: Latin American Music Center Publicador: Latin American Music Center
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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This paper discusses Gerard B??hague???s scholarly work in the light of the changing ideological and political context, concerning (ethno)musicology???s agenda vis a vis U.S. international relations. Panamericanism was crucial to the shaping of B??hague???s comprehensive knowledge of Latin American music and culture at the early stage of his academic career in the U.S. in the 1960s and 1970s. The legacy of former Latin American, Latin Americanist, and Americanist scholars who endeavoured the pioneering musicological studies on different countries provided the basis for B??hague???s formative years and further development of his career. In the context of UNESCO???s policy to respond to cultural diversity, the 1980s and 1990s saw a change in U.S. domestic policies and international politics upholding multiculturalism as the new basis on which world democracy must take place. Accordingly, American (ethno)musicology???s ideological and political agenda have changed, and B??hague was continuously engaged in updating his scholarly proposals. Multiculturalism has brought new ways of placing cultural relativism in (ethno)musicology???s agenda, and B??hague???s keen sense of current critical issues gave a remarkable contribution to the discipline. This paper will examine selected works by B??hague aiming to show that his all comprehensive scholarly work...

Multiculturalism and England's Muslim minority : solution or problem?

Fleming, Todd D.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 85 p. ;
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The United Kingdom, along with other European states, is facing a crisis brought on by rapid demographic changes and failed integration efforts. While the United Kingdom takes great pride in its past multicultural policies, it finds itself increasingly estranged from its Muslim minority community while seeing a notable rise in the growth of radicalism. The assumption that its multicultural policies were working was challenged by the 2005 subway bombings. The United Kingdom is now attempting to develop a new policy framework. The question posed in the thesis title is hard to answer. Based on all the evidence, multiculturalism as it was applied appears to have been a large part of the problem. A differentiated citizenship approach in the public realm does not appear to be a viable strategy based on past results. But, a new form of multiculturalism that allows for differentiated citizenship in the private sphere while actively attempting to foster a shared public culture appears to have a much higher chance of success. There is not a single definitive answer to the challenges facing the United Kingdom but, based on the analysis of current evidence, a new form of multiculturalism that attempts to produce a shared public culture offers England the best hope of success.; US Air Force (USAF) author.

'Living in Harmony?' Multiculturalism and its role in promoting ethnic representation in Australian politics

McCourt, Philippa
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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This report examines the significance of ethnic representation in local, state and federal Australian governments and the role multiculturalism has played in effecting political participation. In exploring this relationship, four areas are considered: the history and policies of multiculturalism, the structural and cultural barriers to representation, the experience of local councils and the relevance of Non English Speaking Background (NESB) politicians in federal parliament. Multiculturalism was formally recognised by the Galbally Report commissioned by the Fraser government in 1978. As a concept, multiculturalism envisaged a more balanced approach to migrant integration, acknowledging Australia's presence as an immigrant nation. Since the 1980s successive Australian Labor Party (ALP) and Coalition governments have struggled to define multiculturalism's role within an Australian identity. The Coalition's transition to a more inclusive model of citizenship and values is reflective of the changing attitudes towards multiculturalism. Prime Minister Howard's characterisation of a unified Australia is a response to perceived public sentiment that frequently overlooks the relevance of non-Anglo Celtic cultures. In contrast state governments have taken a more equitable approach to people from culturally diverse backgrounds in public life as demonstrated by the ethnically diverse parliaments of New South Wales and Victoria. Unfortunately...

Multiculturalism in Singapore and Australia

Andren, Katherine Louise
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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Since the late twentieth century, ethnic minorities have agitated against the homogenised nation-state in what is commonly referred to as their push for multiculturalism. Although this term adapts according to context, in Singapore and Australia multiculturalism embraces the cultural identity of ethnic groups and simultaneous aims to achieve social cohesion. To determine the success of each country in achieving the goals of their multicultural policies, this paper focuses on four key areas of analysis: official recognition of different nations within the state, political representation of ethnic groups, social and economic inclusion and promotion of ethnic culture Since independence, the Singaporean government has had to confront the lack of collective identity or social cohesion and social injustices within Singaporean society that were a legacy of colonialism. Multiracialism became the official policy to manage ethnic diversity. Singapore classified the population into four groups (Chinese, Malay, Indian and Other) and recognised them as equal under Constitutional Law, introduced Group Representation Constituencies to ensure ethnic political participation, introduced the Ethnic Integration Policy to enhance social inclusion and successfully promotes ethnic culture through celebrations such as Racial Harmony day. Although these measures have had limitations...

How Wide the We? A Study of Canadian Multiculturalism and American Cosmopolitanism

Caver, Christopher Martin
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 729219 bytes; application/pdf
EN; EN
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This paper looks at liberal multiculturalism through the lens of its cosmopolitan critics. In particular I examine the arguments of four theorists who issue a variety challenges to the concept of state-sanctioned minority rights. The first two of these theorists, K. Anthony Appiah and David Hollinger, offer cosmopolitan challenges to multiculturalist views on identity (Appiah) and historical critiques of the effects of racial and ethnic political claims-making (Hollinger). My analysis attempts to show how these views are indicative of distinctly a American emphasis on race and immigration which inhibits them from a better appreciation of the Canadian experience with national minorities, one of liberal multiculturalism's main concerns. The third theorist, Patchen Markell, presents a theory of incomplete individual agency the acknowledgment of which he argues is necessary for an adequate political theory yet remains unappreciated by proponents of recognition. I attempt to show that while his concept is useful, it is simply misplaced to the arguments he wishes to criticize. The fourth theorist whose work I examine is Seyla Benhabib. She presents a more substantial account of what cosmopolitan minority claims might look like, relying on a postnational view of world affairs which eschews the state-centric approach of liberal multiculturalism. I largely reject her criticisms...

Liberal Multiculturalism: Protective and Polyglot

Goodin, Robert
Fonte: Sage Publications Inc Publicador: Sage Publications Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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By analogy to Macpherson's "protective" and "self-developmental" models of liberal democracy, there might be two distinct models of liberal multiculturalism. On the protective-style model, the aim is to protect minority cultures against assimilationist an

Multiculturalismo e educação: do protesto de rua a propostas e políticas; Multiculturalism and education: from street protest to proposals and policies

Gonçalves, Luiz Alberto Oliveira; Silva, Petronilha Beatriz Gonçalves e
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2003 POR
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No presente artigo retomam-se alguns elementos analisados em estudo anterior de nossa autoria, intitulado "O jogo das diferenças: o multiculturalismo e seus contextos". Considerando as profundas modificações no contexto do debate brasileiro sobre o tema, abordam-se aqui novas questões que, no nosso entender, têm ficado na superfície das discussões no campo da educação, na medida em que elas tendem a focalizar o multiculturalismo como se fosse unicamente um movimento escolar ou educacional. Pretende-se salientar que, antes de serem introduzidas no campo educacional, expressões do multiculturalismo se fazem presentes nas artes, nos movimentos sociais, em políticas. Aponta-se como o multiculturalismo implica o reconhecimento da diferença, o direito à diferença, colocando em questão o tipo de tratamento que as identidades tiveram e vêm tendo nas democracias tradicionais. Finalmente, o artigo pretende também chamar a atenção para o peso do contexto de cada sociedade multicultural na definição de propostas e políticas, em educação. No plano internacional, nem sempre a reação contra o etnocentrismo seguiu na direção da multiculturalidade; encontramos tanto propostas nesse sentido como alternativas etnicamente centradas. Conclui-se que uma educação multicultural exigirá um grande trabalho de desconstrução de categorias...

Fertility and Multiculturalism: Immigrant Fertility in Australia, 1977-1991

Abbasi Shavazi, Mohammad; McDonald, Peter
Fonte: Center for Migration Studies of New York Inc. Publicador: Center for Migration Studies of New York Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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This article examines the fertility patterns of immigrant groups in Australia during the period, 1977-1991. In this period, the previous policies of assimilation of integration of immigrants into mainstream culture were set aside in favor of a policy of multiculturalism, one of the dimensions of which was support for maintenance of culture. The general finding of research relating to the period prior to multiculturalism was that immigrants adapted to Australian fertility patterns. This study examines whether immigrants and their children in the era of multiculturalism have been more likely to maintain the fertility patterns of their country of origin than was the case in the past. The study concludes that while adaptation to Australian patterns remains the dominant feature of the fertility patterns of immigrants, Italian and Greek Australians show evidence of cultural maintenance.

Intercultural Relations in Plural Societies: Research Derived from Multiculturalism Policy

Berry,John W.
Fonte: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Psicología Publicador: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Psicología
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2013 EN
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One result of the intake and settlement of migrants and the presence of indigenous peoples is the formation of culturally plural societies. In these societies, the domain of intercultural relations is ripe for social psychological research. Such research can provide a knowledge basis for the development and implementation of policies and programmes in plural societies. There are three hypotheses bearing on intercultural relations being examined in much current psychological research: the multiculturalism hypothesis; the integration hypothesis; and the contact hypothesis. These hypotheses are derived in part from statements in the Canadian multiculturalism policy. The multiculturalism hypothesis is that when individuals and societies are confident in, and feel secure about their own cultural identities and their place in the larger society, more positive mutual attitudes will result; in contrast, when these identities are threatened, mutual hostility will result. The integration hypothesis is that there will be more successful psychological and social outcomes for individuals and societies when strategies and policies that support double cultural engagement (ie., with both the heritage and national cultures) are pursued. The contact hypothesis is that greater contact between cultural groups will lead to more positive mutual regard...