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O MST em documentários e no Jornal Nacional; The Landless Workers Movement (MST) in documentaries and in the Jornal Nacional

Ribeiro Neto, Caio Pompeia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/10/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.05%
Esta pesquisa procurou compreender e comparar apresentações de reportagens do Jornal Nacional e de documentários sobre o Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra (MST). O material audiovisual - cobrindo o período entre 1981 e 2009 - foi analisado a partir de suas próprias imagens e sons e com o intuito de estudar posturas, linguagens e temas. Momentos marcantes na trajetória do MST foram contemplados, tais como o aumento das ocupações no Pontal do Paranapanema na metade da década de 1990, o massacre de Eldorado do Carajás, a marcha nacional a Brasília em 1997, a entrada na fazenda da família do então presidente Fernando Henrique Cardoso, o encontro com o presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva após a marcha de 2005, as ações em relação às empresas Aracruz e Vale, os acontecimentos em Xinguara.; This research aimed at understanding and comparing the Landless Workers Movement (MST) presentations from Jornal Nacional and from documentaries. The audiovisual material - covering the period from 1981 to 2009 - was analyzed through its own images and sounds and with the intention of studying postures, languages and themes. Noticeable moments in the MST trajectory have been contemplated, such as the increase of land occupations in Pontal do Paranapanema in the middle of the 1990s decade...

O corpo em movimento na capoeira; The body in movement on capoeira

Alves, Flávio Soares
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/11/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
Propomos investigar o corpo em movimento na capoeira, atentos às práticas de constituição/invenção do capoeirista. Acompanhamos grupos de capoeira Angola e Regional nas cidades de São Paulo, Piracicaba, Botucatu e Jaú. O princípio da cartografia (DELEUZE; GUATTARI, 1995a) mobilizou a investigação, permitindo lançar a proposição de partida de um modo implicado, em que pesquisador e sujeitos, intenções e devires se envolveram junto à capoeira. A partir deste envolvimento, os relatórios foram sendo forjados (diários e entrevistas gravadas), dando testemunho e visibilidade aos movimentos feitos entre pesquisador e sujeitos. A escritura da pesquisa mergulhou nas relações e nas singularidades descobertas nos relatórios produzidos, fazendo emergir ideias e multiplicidades. Observamos que não se alcança a capoeira como prática da existência se o capoeirista não dedica seus esforços e suas potencialidades na experiência de movimento com a capoeira, o que reclama por uma disposição e cultivo desta prática. O cultivo cresce com o auscultar de uma vontade de aprender, que chama a atenção do sujeito para ocupar-se consigo junto à prática que o instiga. Deste referencial irredutível o corpo que se ocupa consigo o sujeito se lança à relação com o mestre e com o grupo...

Exploring attitudes and behavioral intention of brazilian consumers towards fair trade and fair trade products

Prediger, Thiago Ferreira
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Dissertação
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.29%
As vendas globais de produtos FT cresceram de forma consistente nos últimos anos. De acordo com a FLO, as vendas cresceram de menos de € 1 bilhão em 2004 para cerca de € 5,5 bilhões em 2013. Apesar do movimento ainda estar engatinhando no Brasil, alguns esforços visando a institucionalização da FT estão sendo tomados. Por exemplo, o Schneider (2012) mostrou que existe um mercado potencial para os produtos FT no Brasil. Entretanto, ele ainda não é bem desenvolvido. Portanto, há uma necessidade de compreender melhor as variáveis que afetam a intenção de compra destes produtos. Estudos anteriores identificaram fatores que são considerados previsores de intenção de comprar produtos FT. Considerando esses fatores, o presente estudo tem como objetivo determinar as variáveis que estão mais relacionadas com a intenção de compra e disposição para pagar por produtos FT no Brasil. Com base nas respostas de 124 entrevistados, os resultados mostram que a intenção de compra de produtos FT no Brasil está ligada a atitudes de consumo éticas dos consumidores, o interesse e qualidade dos produtos, baixo ceticismo e percepção de relevância acerca do conceito FT. Os resultados também mostraram dois grupos antagônicos de consumidores a respeito de suas atitudes. O grupo dos "ativistas" tem atitudes positivas...

From the first intention movement to the last joiner: macaques combine mimetic rules to optimize their collective decisions

Sueur, C.; Deneubourg, J. L.; Petit, O.
Fonte: The Royal Society Publicador: The Royal Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.28%
Mechanisms related to collective decision making have recently been found in almost all animal reigns from amoebae to worms, insects and vertebrates, including human beings. Decision-making mechanisms related to collective movements—including pre-departure and joining—have already been studied at different steps of the movement process, but these studies were always carried out separately. We therefore have no understanding of how these different processes are related when they underlie the same collective decision-making event. Here, we consider the whole departure process of two groups of Tonkean macaques (Macaca tonkeana), using a stochastic model. When several exclusive choices are proposed, macaques vote and choose the majority. Individuals then join the movement according to a mimetism based on affiliative relationships. The pre-departure quorum and the joining mimetic mechanism are probably linked, but we have not yet identified which transition mechanism is used. This study shows that decision-making related to macaque group movements is governed by a quorum rule combined with a selective mimetism at departure. This is the first time that transition mechanisms have been described in mammals, which consequently helps understand how a voting process leads to social amplification. Our study also provides the first complete proof that there is continuity in the decision-making processes underlying collective movements in mammals from the first intention movement right through to the last joiner.

Detecting Deception in Movement: The Case of the Side-Step in Rugby

Brault, Sébastien; Bideau, Benoit; Kulpa, Richard; Craig, Cathy M.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 11/06/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.36%
Although coordinated patterns of body movement can be used to communicate action intention, they can also be used to deceive. Often known as deceptive movements, these unpredictable patterns of body movement can give a competitive advantage to an attacker when trying to outwit a defender. In this particular study, we immersed novice and expert rugby players in an interactive virtual rugby environment to understand how the dynamics of deceptive body movement influence a defending player’s decisions about how and when to act. When asked to judge final running direction, expert players who were found to tune into prospective tau-based information specified in the dynamics of ‘honest’ movement signals (Centre of Mass), performed significantly better than novices who tuned into the dynamics of ‘deceptive’ movement signals (upper trunk yaw and out-foot placement) (p<.001). These findings were further corroborated in a second experiment where players were able to move as if to intercept or ‘tackle’ the virtual attacker. An analysis of action responses showed that experts waited significantly longer before initiating movement (p<.001). By waiting longer and picking up more information that would inform about future running direction these experts made significantly fewer errors (p<.05). In this paper we not only present a mathematical model that describes how deception in body-based movement is detected...

Detection of movement-related cortical potentials based on subject-independent training

Niazi, Imran Khan; Jiang, Ning; Jochumsen, Mads; Nielsen, Jørgen Feldbæk; Dremstrup, Kim; Farina, Dario
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.28%
To allow a routinely use of brain–computer interfaces (BCI), there is a need to reduce or completely eliminate the time-consuming part of the individualized training of the user. In this study, we investigate the possibility of avoiding the individual training phase in the detection of movement intention in asynchronous BCIs based on movement-related cortical potential (MRCP). EEG signals were recorded during ballistic ankle dorsiflexions executed (ME) or imagined (MI) by 20 healthy subjects, and attempted by five stroke subjects. These recordings were used to identify a template (as average over all subjects) for the initial negative phase of the MRCPs, after the application of an optimized spatial filtering used for pre-processing. Using this template, the detection accuracy (mean ± SD) calculated as true positive rate (estimated with leave-one-out procedure) for ME was 69 ± 21 and 58 ± 11 % on single trial basis for healthy and stroke subjects, respectively. This performance was similar to that obtained using an individual template for each subject, which led to accuracies of 71 ± 6 and 55 ± 12 % for healthy and stroke subjects, respectively. The detection accuracy for the MI data was 65 ± 22 % with the average template and 60 ± 13 % with the individual template. These results indicate the possibility of detecting movement intention without an individual training phase and without a significant loss in performance.

Empirical application of empathy enhancing program based on movement concept for married couples in conflict

Kim, Soo-Yeon; Kang, Hye-Won; Chung, Yong-Chul; Park, Seungha
Fonte: Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation Publicador: Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/08/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.28%
In the field of marital therapy, it is known that couple movement program helps married couples faced with conflict situation to rebuild the relationship and to maintain a family homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to configure and apply the kinesthetic empathy program and to assess the effectiveness for married couples in conflict. To achieve the research aims, qualitative research method has been conducted, subjecting three couples, 6 people, who are participating in expressive movement program for this study. The study used focus group interview method for collecting date and employed for the interview method by mixing the semi-structured and unstructured questionnaire. The results were followings. First, through kinesthetic empathy enhancing program, one could develop self-awareness and emotional attunement. Second, the result showed the relationship between intention and empathy. It shows that “knowing spouse’s hidden intention” is significant factors to understand others. Third, kinesthetic empathy program could complement general marriage counseling program. The results of this study provide empirical evidence that movement program functions as an empathy enhancer through the process of perceiving, feeling, thinking...

How Thoughts Give Rise to Action - Conscious Motor Intention Increases the Excitability of Target-Specific Motor Circuits

Zschorlich, Volker R.; Köhling, Rüdiger
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.31%
The present study shows evidence for conscious motor intention in motor preparation prior to movement execution. We demonstrate that conscious motor intention of directed movement, combined with minimally supra-threshold transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the motor cortex, determines the direction and the force of resulting movements, whilst a lack of intention results in weak and omni-directed muscle activation.

Multimodal Movement Prediction - Towards an Individual Assistance of Patients

Kirchner, Elsa Andrea; Tabie, Marc; Seeland, Anett
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.18%
Assistive devices, like exoskeletons or orthoses, often make use of physiological data that allow the detection or prediction of movement onset. Movement onset can be detected at the executing site, the skeletal muscles, as by means of electromyography. Movement intention can be detected by the analysis of brain activity, recorded by, e.g., electroencephalography, or in the behavior of the subject by, e.g., eye movement analysis. These different approaches can be used depending on the kind of neuromuscular disorder, state of therapy or assistive device. In this work we conducted experiments with healthy subjects while performing self-initiated and self-paced arm movements. While other studies showed that multimodal signal analysis can improve the performance of predictions, we show that a sensible combination of electroencephalographic and electromyographic data can potentially improve the adaptability of assistive technical devices with respect to the individual demands of, e.g., early and late stages in rehabilitation therapy. In earlier stages for patients with weak muscle or motor related brain activity it is important to achieve high positive detection rates to support self-initiated movements. To detect most movement intentions from electroencephalographic or electromyographic data motivates a patient and can enhance her/his progress in rehabilitation. In a later stage for patients with stronger muscle or brain activity...

Evaluating Classifiers to Detect Arm Movement Intention from EEG Signals

Planelles, Daniel; Hortal, Enrique; Costa, Álvaro; Úbeda, Andrés; Iáñez, Eduardo; Azorín, José M.
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 29/09/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.31%
This paper presents a methodology to detect the intention to make a reaching movement with the arm in healthy subjects before the movement actually starts. This is done by measuring brain activity through electroencephalographic (EEG) signals that are registered by electrodes placed over the scalp. The preparation and performance of an arm movement generate a phenomenon called event-related desynchronization (ERD) in the mu and beta frequency bands. A novel methodology to characterize this cognitive process based on three sums of power spectral frequencies involved in ERD is presented. The main objective of this paper is to set the benchmark for classifiers and to choose the most convenient. The best results are obtained using an SVM classifier with around 72% accuracy. This classifier will be used in further research to generate the control commands to move a robotic exoskeleton that helps people suffering from motor disabilities to perform the movement. The final aim is that this brain-controlled robotic exoskeleton improves the current rehabilitation processes of disabled people.

Modulating Conscious Movement Intention by Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and the Underlying Neural Mechanisms

Douglas, Zachary H.; Maniscalco, Brian; Hallett, Mark; Wassermann, Eric M.; He, Biyu J.
Fonte: Society for Neuroscience Publicador: Society for Neuroscience
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/05/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.59%
Conscious intention is a fundamental aspect of the human experience. Despite long-standing interest in the basis and implications of intention, its underlying neurobiological mechanisms remain poorly understood. Using high-definition transcranial DC stimulation (tDCS), we observed that enhancing spontaneous neuronal excitability in both the angular gyrus and the primary motor cortex caused the reported time of conscious movement intention to be ∼60–70 ms earlier. Slow brain waves recorded ∼2–3 s before movement onset, as well as hundreds of milliseconds after movement onset, independently correlated with the modulation of conscious intention by brain stimulation. These brain activities together accounted for 81% of interindividual variability in the modulation of movement intention by brain stimulation. A computational model using coupled leaky integrator units with biophysically plausible assumptions about the effect of tDCS captured the effects of stimulation on both neural activity and behavior. These results reveal a temporally extended brain process underlying conscious movement intention that spans seconds around movement commencement.

Non-invasive control interfaces for intention detection in active movement-assistive devices

Lobo-Prat, Joan; Kooren, Peter N; Stienen, Arno HA; Herder, Just L; Koopman, Bart FJM; Veltink, Peter H
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 17/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.31%
Active movement-assistive devices aim to increase the quality of life for patients with neuromusculoskeletal disorders. This technology requires interaction between the user and the device through a control interface that detects the user’s movement intention. Researchers have explored a wide variety of invasive and non-invasive control interfaces. To summarize the wide spectrum of strategies, this paper presents a comprehensive review focused on non-invasive control interfaces used to operate active movement-assistive devices. A novel systematic classification method is proposed to categorize the control interfaces based on: (I) the source of the physiological signal, (II) the physiological phenomena responsible for generating the signal, and (III) the sensors used to measure the physiological signal. The proposed classification method can successfully categorize all the existing control interfaces providing a comprehensive overview of the state of the art. Each sensing modality is briefly described in the body of the paper following the same structure used in the classification method. Furthermore, we discuss several design considerations, challenges, and future directions of non-invasive control interfaces for active movement-assistive devices.

Comparison of Features for Movement Prediction from Single-Trial Movement-Related Cortical Potentials in Healthy Subjects and Stroke Patients

Kamavuako, Ernest Nlandu; Jochumsen, Mads; Niazi, Imran Khan; Dremstrup, Kim
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
Detection of movement intention from the movement-related cortical potential (MRCP) derived from the electroencephalogram (EEG) signals has shown to be important in combination with assistive devices for effective neurofeedback in rehabilitation. In this study, we compare time and frequency domain features to detect movement intention from EEG signals prior to movement execution. Data were recoded from 24 able-bodied subjects, 12 performing real movements, and 12 performing imaginary movements. Furthermore, six stroke patients with lower limb paresis were included. Temporal and spectral features were investigated in combination with linear discriminant analysis and compared with template matching. The results showed that spectral features were best suited for differentiating between movement intention and noise across different tasks. The ensemble average across tasks when using spectral features was (error = 3.4 ± 0.8%, sensitivity = 97.2 ± 0.9%, and specificity = 97 ± 1%) significantly better (P < 0.01) than temporal features (error = 15 ± 1.4%, sensitivity: 85 ± 1.3%, and specificity: 84 ± 2%). The proposed approach also (error = 3.4 ± 0.8%) outperformed template matching (error = 26.9 ± 2.3%) significantly (P > 0.001). Results imply that frequency information is important for detecting movement intention...

Happiness in action: the impact of positive affect on the time of the conscious intention to act

Rigoni, Davide; Demanet, Jelle; Sartori, Giuseppe
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/09/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.28%
The temporal relationship between our conscious intentions to act and the action itself has been widely investigated. Previous research consistently shows that the motor intention enters awareness a few 100 ms before movement onset. As research in other domains has shown that most behavior is affected by the emotional state people are in, it is remarkable that the role of emotional states on intention awareness has never been investigated. Here we tested the hypothesis that positive and negative affects have opposite effects on the temporal relationship between the conscious intention to act and the action itself. A mood induction procedure that combined guided imagery and music listening was employed to induce positive, negative, or neutral affective states. After each mood induction session, participants were asked to execute voluntary self-paced movements and to report when they formed the intention to act. Exposure to pleasant material, as compared to exposure to unpleasant material, enhanced positive affect and dampened negative affect. Importantly, in the positive affect condition participants reported their intention to act earlier in time with respect to action onset, as compared to when they were in the negative or in the neutral affect conditions. Conversely the reported time of the intention to act when participants experienced negative affect did not differ significantly from the neutral condition. These findings suggest that the temporal relationship between the conscious intention to act and the action itself is malleable to changes in affective states and may indicate that positive affect enhances intentional awareness.

Towards closed-loop stimulation for stroke rehabilitation; Über die Umsetzung von adaptiver Stimulation zur Schlaganfallrehabilitation

Walter, Armin
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.5%
The restoration of motor function to chronic stroke patients with a severe hand impairment is challenging, because no effective rehabilitation option exists. In recent years, brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) have shown potential to remedy this problem by decoding the patient’s movement intention from the brain signal and translating it into movements of an orthosis. In addition, brain stimulation has been investigated for the treatment of a variety of neurological conditions, including stroke. Combining both approaches into a closed-loop stimulation system has been proposed to increase the effectiveness of this treatment approach. However, this has not been put into practice before, therefore it is unknown, if closed-loop paradigms can be realized for stroke patients. In this thesis, closed-loop stimulation for stroke rehabilitation is studied for the first time. Two approaches for a closed-loop system are investigated: (i) Stimulation coupled to the movement intention of the patient and (ii) adaptation of stimulation parameters to control the shape of the evoked activity. The focus lies on 3 chronic stroke patients with a paralyzed left hand that had been implanted with epidural electrodes for electrocorticogram (ECoG) recording and electrical stimulation. To implement intention-dependent stimulation for the first approach...

Detection of self-paced reaching movement intention from EEG signals

Lew, Eileen; Chavarriaga, Ricardo; Silvoni, Stefano; Millán, José del R.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 12/07/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.51%
Future neuroprosthetic devices, in particular upper limb, will require decoding and executing not only the user's intended movement type, but also when the user intends to execute the movement. This work investigates the potential use of brain signals recorded non-invasively for detecting the time before a self-paced reaching movement is initiated which could contribute to the design of practical upper limb neuroprosthetics. In particular, we show the detection of self-paced reaching movement intention in single trials using the readiness potential, an electroencephalography (EEG) slow cortical potential (SCP) computed in a narrow frequency range (0.1–1 Hz). Our experiments with 12 human volunteers, two of them stroke subjects, yield high detection rates prior to the movement onset and low detection rates during the non-movement intention period. With the proposed approach, movement intention was detected around 500 ms before actual onset, which clearly matches previous literature on readiness potentials. Interestingly, the result obtained with one of the stroke subjects is coherent with those achieved in healthy subjects, with single-trial performance of up to 92% for the paretic arm. These results suggest that, apart from contributing to our understanding of voluntary motor control for designing more advanced neuroprostheses...

Timing and awareness of movement decisions: does consciousness really come too late?

Guggisberg, Adrian G.; Mottaz, Anaïs
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/07/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.46%
Since Libet's seminal observation that a brain potential related to movement preparation occurs before participants report to be aware of their movement intention, it has been debated whether consciousness has causal influence on movement decisions. Here we review recent advances that provide new insights into the dynamics of human decision-making and question the validity of different markers used for determining the onset of neural and conscious events. Motor decisions involve multiple stages of goal evaluation, intention formation, and action execution. While the validity of the Bereitschaftspotential (BP) as index of neural movement preparation is controversial, improved neural markers are able to predict decision outcome even at early stages. Participants report being conscious of their decisions only at the time of final intention formation, just before the primary motor cortex starts executing the chosen action. However, accumulating evidence suggests that this is an artifact of Libet's clock method used for assessing consciousness. More refined methods suggest that intention consciousness does not appear instantaneously but builds up progressively. In this view, early neural markers of decision outcome are not unconscious but simply reflect conscious goal evaluation stages which are not final yet and therefore not reported with the clock method. Alternatives to the Libet clock are discussed that might allow for assessment of consciousness during decision making with improved sensitivity to early decision stages and with less influence from meta-conscious and perceptual inferences.

Detection of movement intention using EEG in a human-robot interaction environment

Lana,Ernesto Pablo; Adorno,Bruno Vilhena; Tierra-Criollo,Carlos Julio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.6%
Introduction: This paper presents a detection method for upper limb movement intention as part of a brain-machine interface using EEG signals, whose final goal is to assist disabled or vulnerable people with activities of daily living. Methods EEG signals were recorded from six naïve healthy volunteers while performing a motor task. Every volunteer remained in an acoustically isolated recording room. The robot was placed in front of the volunteers such that it seemed to be a mirror of their right arm, emulating a Brain Machine Interface environment. The volunteers were seated in an armchair throughout the experiment, outside the reaching area of the robot to guarantee safety. Three conditions are studied: observation, execution, and imagery of right arm’s flexion and extension movements paced by an anthropomorphic manipulator robot. The detector of movement intention uses the spectral F test for discrimination of conditions and uses as feature the desynchronization patterns found on the volunteers. Using a detector provides an objective method to acknowledge for the occurrence of movement intention. Results When using four realizations of the task, detection rates ranging from 53 to 97% were found in five of the volunteers when the movement was executed...

Measuring cruiser's satisfaction of Lisbon and intention to return to Portugal as independent visitor

Zeferino, Elodie Carreira
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
Mestrado em Gestão/ JEL Classification System: L83, M31; Last years, the approach of the media about cruise tourism has becoming more relevant. As in the tourism as a whole, the cruise industry has been acting in a contradictory movement facing the economic and financial tendencies of Portugal, mostly because of the positive indicators, the arrival of more and bigger luxury cruise ships to the principal maritime ports, or the construction of new terminals, as a consequence of the activity increase. Nowadays, the weight of the tourism achieves more and more expression in Portugal and in 2012 around 5,7% of the GDP came from tourism receipts (WTTC). The subsector of cruises is seen by the principal entities related to the sea with considerable potential to contribute to the growth of exportation: “The cruise tourism has been revealing one of the most dynamic tourism segments, presenting good levels of growth, year by year” (PwC, 2012). One of the most common and efficient ways to evaluate the tourism development is through the tourists’ feedback. As the efforts are driven to them, they are the ideal to evaluate and corroborate what the best has been made in the country in relation to the tourism activity. In research...

Políticas de saúde e democracia: estratégias, impasses e contradições do movimento sanitário brasileiro; Health policies and democracy: strategies, impasses and contradictions of the brazilian sanitary movement

Borba, Julian
Fonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Edufsc) Publicador: Editora da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Edufsc)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/1998 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.05%
O artigo tem a pretensão de fazer uma contextualização das políticas de saúde no Brasil, destacando o papel que teve um ator coletivo, o Movimento Sanitário brasileiro, na construção de um sistema de saúde permeado pelos princípios de Universalidade, Integralidade e Eqüidade. O artigo também tem a intenção de fazer uma análise do processo de implementação do Sistema Único de Saúde — SUS, destacando os limites teóricos e políticos do Movimento Sanitário brasileiro.; This article has the aim of contextualizing the health policy in Brazil, emphasizing the role that had an collective actor, the Brazilian Sanitary Movement, on the construction of a health system permeated by the principles of Universality, Integrality and Equity. The article also has the intention of making an analysis of SUS, implementation process, emphasizing the Brazilian Sanitary Movement's theoretic and political limits.