The end of the Cold War created new challenges and opportunities for European Security. The power vacuum that was left by the disappearance of the Warsaw Pact needed to be addressed quickly and pragmatically to ensure the democratization of the former Eastern Block nations. Also, recent developments in World Security such as increased Terrorism and Military Operations Other Than War have forced NATO and other Transatlantic Security Institutions to adapt to a new way of thinking, operating and cooperating. This thesis identifies some of the most recent political and security procedures of NATO, other various Transatlantic Security Institutions and the National Guard State Partnership Program to aide these nascent democracies. This thesis focuses on Hungary.s successful experience of obtaining NATO membership via the Partnership for Peace Programme and State Partnership Program as a case-study.
Military operations other than war are increasing in frequency and, as one might surmise present unique challenges to the operational commander and the medical planner. Over time and by necessity the U.S. military has developed a logistical support system with unprecedented capability. This logistical system includes a medical system that is increasingly called upon to provide care to people outside the normal scope. Increased participation means Navy assets will be tasked to provide care to U.S. troops, U.N. troops, multinational troops, NGO personnel, and the civilians that precipitated the need for intervention in the first place. The current planning paradigm is rightfully focused on combat support. This thesis will investigate the necessity of breaking away from that paradigm when planning MOOTW.
The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) represents a growing threat to the national security interests of the United States. The United States must retain its ability to project power, while providing its forces adequate protection. Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW) are becoming a primary responsibility and mission of the U.S. armed forces. Evidence indicates that WMD are proliferating precisely in the same regions where U.S. military forces have been called upon to conduct MOOTW. While the United States has developed various measures to confront this growing challenge, most notably the 1993 DoD Counter Proliferation Initiative, additional considerations must be weighed in assessing the overall effectiveness of the U.S. counterproliferation strategy. The level of preparedness of the U.S. military is of particular concern, in ensuring forces are trained, equipped, and prepared to confront WMD- armed adversaries in a MOOTW environment. This study examines the merging confluence of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and U.S. military operations other than war
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Quantification of logistics requirements is essential to providing modeling and simulation with adequate logistics capability. Current models and simulations often rely on operator interface to accomplish the prioritization of logistics resources. However, this study shows that logistics requirements can be quantified based on the dimensions; Phase of the Operation, Level of Planning, Level of Support, and the Full Spectrum of Operations (FSO). Believing differences exist in logistics priorities as these dimensions change, an experiment in survey form was given to logistics personnel in military commands as well as civilian relief agencies that have been involved in three types of Peace Operations; Humanitarian Assistance, Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief, and Noncombatant Evacuation Operations. The goal was to derive a measure of the relative importance of particular logistics supplies or services in these Operations Other Than War (OOTW). The Method of Equal Appearing Intervals was applied to derive the measure of relative importance. The analytical results show that as factors change in the operation, there is a change in the relative importance of logistics classes. In addition...
A significant challenge to the Armed Forces today is the development of tactics, techniques, procedures, and equipment that will enable success in the small-scale combats that characterize Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW). This thesis develops an agent-based simulation methodology for modeling MOOTW combat scenarios. The methodology combines agent-based modeling with discrete event simulation in a software package called AgentKit. AgentKit is used to model a riot control problem for an experiment that pits two kinds of tactics against two different kinds of crowds. This simulation yields insights into the scenario modeled and demonstrates the usefulness of agent-based simulation for the exploration of tactical concepts in a MOOTW context.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Military operations other than war are increasing in frequency and, as one might surmise present unique challenges to the operational commander and the medical planner. Over time and by necessity the U.S. military has developed a logistical support system with unprecedented capability. This logistical system includes a medical system that is increasingly called upon to provide care to people outside the normal scope. Increased participation means Navy assets will be tasked to provide care to U.S. troops, U.N. troops, multinational troops, NGO personnel, and the civilians that precipitated the need for intervention in the first place. The current planning paradigm is rightfully focused on combat support. This thesis will investigate the necessity of breaking away from that paradigm when planning MOOTW.
The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 marked the change of the political and military situation worldwide. Peace keeping missions became more likely than major regional conflicts. However, the conventional combat simulations, which were developed for the combat between heavily armored forces could not handle these new situations. In these new missions the movement of ground forces becomes a major task for any commander. This thesis develops a software architecture of loosely coupled software components. These components are combined to simulate the movement of convoys. The simulation is implemented as an event step model. For visualization of the ongoing simulation a different component displays the convoy locations on a geographical display. The combination of both modules allows, the analyst to validate a given movement plan and to identify possible weak points and threats.
This thesis serves as an introduction to civil-military relations and the just war tradition for Joint Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence (C4I) students taking CC3000 or an equivalent course. The goal of this thesis is to provide the student with a broad understanding of these subjects. The author intends this thesis to be used as a supplementary reading in CC3000. This thesis addresses the following: professionalism and its relationship to the study of civil-military relations, the roles of the military in society, civilian control and the various schools of thought associated with it, historical and legal precedents for the American civil-military relationship, the just war tradition, various issues affecting current and future civil-military relations in the United States, the impact of military operations other than war (MOOTW) on civil-military relations and the military ethos, and, finally, the applicability of the just war tradition to the MOOTW environment.
In the Spring Quarter of the 2005 Academic Year, the Naval Posgraduate School introduced a new course to focus on Modeling and Simulation for Military Operations Other Than War. The course was designed to present and discover issues, challenges and opportunities for application of modeling and simulation (M&S) to Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW). Students were given hands-on experience with a number of current and emerging M&S simulations and computational tools relevant to MOOTW. This paper describes the nature and general content of the course, with identification of the specific models/tools introduced in the instruction and a summary of MOOTW M&S requirements, issues and lessons learned from class discussions and student activites.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Military operations other than war (MOOTW) make up a large percentage of total military operations. Some common MOOTW operations are peacekeeping (PKO) and humanitarian assistance, and disaster relief (HADR). System dynamics (SD) uses a top-down approach that models high-level system behavior as compared to the use of agent-based modeling (ABM), which uses a bottom-up approach to generate system-level behavior through emergent behavior. In this work, SD and ABM were applied to model a food distribution scenario during the early phases of PK/HADR and the implementation process and results compared. The results were that large variations in food prices were observed as the time step and the integration technique were varied. Both SD and ABM, however, displayed similar emergent behavior in terms of crimes that occurred due to relative deprivation within the population. As an alternative to time step approximation, discrete event simulation (DES) may be used to implement the SD model through discretization of stocks or flows within the system and identifying events that change these quantities. The quantization of continuous variables in SD into discrete quantities may, however, introduce quantization errors. Emergent behavior seen in ABM can occur in SD through the interactions between equations. Due to the compactness of SD equations...
The purpose of this study is to investigate, analyze, and promulgate the means by which the United States Army can effectively train its Contingency Contracting Officers in preparation for Military Operations Other Than War. This was accomplished by analyzing the literature on effectiveness of current laws and regulations governing contingency contracting and the lessons learned from past operations. Contingency contracting issues analyzed include their fundamental characteristics and effects, purpose of the Contingency Contracting Officers and their requisite roles and responsibilities, environment of statutory and regulatory requirements, adequacy of current training and planning, and training and planning resources that are available. Based on the identified inadequacies, this study proposes the following recommendations. These Contingency Contracting Officers must he more actively engaged in the supported unit's logistics planning process. Bach contracting activity must develop its own tailored qualification and certification. To fully capitalize on the capabilities of contingency contracting support functions, these individuals must be trained routinely before the actual deployments. Comprehensive contracting procedures and plans must be developed and incorporated into the contracting support plan. To better utilize the Logistics Civil Augmentation Program...
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; Multi National Force (MNF) operations recognize the existence of shared national interests in a specific geographic region. Furthermore, MNF operations seek to standardize some basic concepts and processes that will promote habits of cooperation, increased dialogue, and provide for baseline Coalition/Combined Task Force (CCTF) operational concepts. This thesis and its' recommendation for a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) are aimed at improving interoperability and CCTF operational readiness. The SOP will focus on the spectrum of Information Operations (IO) with regards to Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW) and Small Scale Contingencies (SSC) during MNF operations. First, existing doctrine and cases will be analyzed to develop a foundation for this study. This thesis will seek to identify the existing IO procedures to be utilized during MNF operations. Next, exercise observations and lessons learned reviews serve as the basis for IO SOP Annex development to support the MNF SOP.; Lieutenant, United States Navy
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis demonstrates the use of Janus in Modeling Military Operations Other Than War, MOOTW. Janus has many uses throughout the United States military. Lately, MOOTW have become a major percentage of the U.S. military's efforts. Using Janus to model these operations can help predict casualties, determine if new pieces of equipment make a difference in the operation, and help evaluate "what ifs" in operations. More importantly, conducting a simulation before carrying out an actual exercise saves money and people's time and effort. The threat of a terrorist chemical attack is a very likely event in this day and age as demonstrated by the 1995 chemical attack in a Japanese subway. Current U.S. policy has allocated certain resources to assist local governments in the event of an emergency. Unfortunately, these assets can not immediately respond to a chemical crisis. Time waiting for these assets to arrive must be spent wisely to save lives. Local governments do not all have the same capabilities available to respond to a chemical attack. Using a high resolution combat model such as Janus at the local level will help determine assets that will save lives and money.; http://www.archive.org/details/highresolutionmo00broa; Captain...
The author presents a detailed description of the components, architecture, links, and operations of the ORB COMM global messaging and position determination system. ORB COMM is the first commercial venture to offer worldwide personal communications service (PCS) using non-voice-non-geostationary (NVNG) low earth orbit (LEO) satellite technology. Link budget analyses of the system's satellite up and down links are presented. The author analyzes ORB COMM's proprietary multiple access scheme for random access channel interference and describes how the system's modified ALOHA protocol achieves a higher throughput than pure or slotted ALOHA based systems. Several commercial and DoD applications of the system are discussed, including beaconing, data exchange, tracking, and two way messaging. Specific DoD applications of ORBCOMM include combat sea-alr rescue (CSAR) and deployable communications networks for use in operations other than war (OOTW). With DoD taking. an active role as a cooperative partner, ORB COMM can satisfy the need for a low-cost, commercial space-based system to enhance US military global communications; NA; NA; U.S. Navy (U.S.N.) author.
In 1923, Herman Oberth, considered by some to be “the father of it all” for spaceflight, wrote a book called “Die Rakete zu den Planetenräumen” (i.e., “Dreams of Planets”) inspiring today's modern spaceflight. Amongst his suggestions was placing a telescope in space, so astronomical observations may be made without atmospheric distortion. Nearly a century later, the Hubble Space telescope is imaging distant stars with high accuracy. If Hubble were placed on the ground of the West Coast of the United States, it would able to target a small coin placed on the Lincoln memorial on the East Coast of the United States. This startling accuracy has become useful for military spacecraft missions as well even though the mission is much more challenging. Military spacecraft perform aggressive slew maneuvers to acquire targets, but the actuators are complicated by singularities that can often lead to loss of attitude control during aggressive maneuvers. After acquiring the target, the spacecraft must rapidly settle and track the target as the spacecraft races by overhead. This dissertation addresses these challenges by introducing a new optimized geometry for installation of the spacecraft actuators to minimize the impact of singularities. Methods are discussed to orient the direction of maximum slew capability in a desired direction. In addition to the optimal geometry...
Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited.; U.S. naval doctrine has been dominated by the Mahanian concept of massing large capital ships for over one hundred years. Yet, it was a Cyclone-class patrol craft, a USCG cutter, and an Australian frigate that pushed up the Khor-Abd-Allah waterway and opened up the port of Umm Qasr, Iraq, during the Second Gulf War. They continue to protect it and the surrounding oil infrastructure from attack from insurgents and terrorists today. With the navy's current interest in transformation, the question arises, is the navy as presently configured well suited for today's threats? This thesis explores the question of how should the navy meet threats to national interests. This is accomplished through historical analysis of an event that is similar to the situation today: The Philippine Insurrection (1899-1902). This episode showcases the shortcomings of the navy's conventional approach to military operations other than war, and the need for change. In today's asymmetric environment, the past provides insight into effective means for handling these types of threats. This thesis concludes that the navy needs to diversify itself to incorporate different ship platforms, platforms that incorporate the utility of old with the technology of new.; Lieutenant...
This thesis examines the utility of non-lethal weapons for mitigating risks in demanding tactical scenarios, specifically crowd control. Noncombatant evacuation operations (NEOs) are conducted when a host government becomes unstable. A NEO force's failure to manage the potential for local violence against the mission can lead to negative consequences for U.S. foreign policy and international relations. Therefore, the NEO force must control any escalation in the threat level because mission success could be jeopardized. Along with restrictive rules of engagement these considerations discourage the use of deadly force. Thus, non-lethal weapons have a role in NEOs. One of the challenges in NEOs is crowd control. Crowds have the potential for violence. Left unchecked, they can endanger the NEO mission. This thesis finds that a non- lethal capability is essential for responding to these threats. The thesis' methodology produces a short list of suitable non-lethal crowd control weapons for deployment in NEOs. Finally, the arguments for non-lethality in NEOs can be extended to other operations other than war, thus increasing the utility of non- lethal weapons in the U.S. military inventory.; U.S. Air Force (U.S.A.F.) author.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; While the US military faces growing requirements to conduct Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW), our command relationships are mired in the past, optimized for war, not MOOTW. General Purpose Forces are normally earmarked for Command and Control (C2) of these operations, with primarily conventional commanders, staffs, and service components establishing the Joint Task Force (JTF). Special Operations Forces (SOF) support the JTF. However, given the capabilities of SOF, this command relationship does not take advantage of SOF's strengths, and at times actually impedes our overall efforts. SOF can provide the regional CINC with superior multi echelon C2 in MOOTW. This thesis will demonstrate that the current US military C2 system is unsuitable, and that by changing it we will dramatically improve mission success probabilities, efficiency, and overall combat effectiveness. This thesis examines US operations in Somalia (Restore Hope) in order to shed light on key areas of sub optimization. A SOF based organization (JTF-XXI) will be proposed and compared to the Restore Hope JTF. The thesis will argue that the JTF-XXI is more effective and efficient, and should be adopted for future use; http://archive.org/details/jointtaskforcexx00stro; Captain...
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação NavalPublicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Tese de DoutoradoFormato: xii, 105 p. ; 28 cm.
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Since the end of the Cold War, the armed forces of the United States have increasingly been involved in military operations other than war (OOTW). Many service members feel these missions are contrary to the central purpose of the military and not in keeping with the reasons why they originally joined the service. Research shows that a mismatch job expectations and job realities can be a factor in reducing retention. Thus, the militarygass leaders have made a conscious effort to eliminate gbsmessage mismatchgcs and better align the words, expectations, and actions of their individual services. In doing so, they hope to create greater organizational credibility and personal commitment for their forces. The purpose of this research is to examine the general level of awareness, understanding, expectations and actual involvement concerning OOTW that exist among future naval officers at the United States Naval Academy and current junior officers. Conclusions about the possible expectation-reality gap among future naval officers concerning OOTW is explored. Recommendations for further research and implications for policy makers are offered to possibly decrease the gap between service member expectations and the likely operational realities of their future service.
In order to group the functional requirements for support to operations by
modern information systems systematically, the NATO Code of best Practise
(COBP) for C2 Assessment defines three domain areas: Battlespace Visualization,
Decision Making, and Battle Management Functions. In addition, within an domain
overlapping information grid of the information system, necessary functions for
assessing and disseminating the information are capsulated. For all three
domains, including the overlapping information grid, the respective
requirements for functional support have to be met be future command, control,
communications, and intelligence (C3I) systems.
The paper describes the functional categories of the three domains having
been defined for article 5 operations, extends them to meet the requirements
for operations other than war (OOTW), and gives some examples how modules of
simulation systems can deliver respective support functions. In addition,
references defining migration procedures for legacy systems to enable a smooth
change from the old to the new C3I paradigm are given.; Comment: NATO Regional Conference on Military Communication and Information
Systems 2000 (RCMCIS 2000), Zegrze, Poland, October 4-6, 2000