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Educação de crianças e jovens nas academias militares do Conde de Resende (Rio de Janeiro: 1792 - 1801); Education of poor children and young people in the Resendes Count Academies (Rio de Janeiro: 1792-1801)

Cardoso, Maria Luiza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/07/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.25%
Este trabalho trata da educação de crianças e jovens pobres na Real Academia de Fortificação, Artilharia e Desenho da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro, criada em 1792, pelo 2º. Conde de Resende, e na Academia de Aritmética, Geometria Pratica, Fortificação, Desenho e Língua Francesa para Oficiais de Infantaria, criada em 1795, também pelo referido Conde. Dentre outras fontes de pesquisa utilizadas, o trabalho se baseia principalmente num mappa dos nomes, idades e observaçoens dos alumnos relativo à última academia, datado de 31 de Dezembro de 1798, descoberto no Arquivo Histórico Militar, quando da realização de um estágio de doutoramento em Portugal, financiado pela CAPES. A pesquisa teve como objetivos identificar por que e como (metodologia) se desenvolveram as ações educativas nessas instituições; caracterizar os alunos que freqüentavam esses ambientes educacionais, bem como seus professores; identificar os conteúdos escolares que eram abordados nessas situações de aprendizagem; verificar o material didático empregado na instrução; identificar maneiras de avaliar o desempenho escolar dos alunos e professores; analisar a legislação educacional existente; verificar diferenças no tratamento dispensado às crianças e aos jovens de origem nobre e aos filhos de militares...

Alinhamento da gestão por processos e estrategia : aplicação em uma organização de ensino militar; Management alignement by processes and strategy, application in a military education organization

Adelson Robbi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/08/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.25%
O Exército Brasileiro iniciou, a partir da década de 90, um movimento para aumentar a eficiência de suas organizações militares. Esse fato possibilitou o surgimento de vários programas de melhoria no âmbito da Força Terrestre, com destaque para o PEG-EB, Programa Excelência Gerencial, desenvolvido pelo Comando do Exército. Este trabalho, alinhado com as diretrizes do PEG-EB, teve como objetivos a identificação do nível atual de gestão do Exército Brasileiro, bem como a proposição e a implementação de um modelo gerencial que englobasse conceitos de estratégia e gerenciamento por processos em uma organização de ensino militar. Verificou-se a existência de uma padronização no gerenciamento das organizações militares, por meio do PEGEB, apesar de os resultados alcançados serem bastante heterogêneos e os recursos financeiros escassos. Já o modelo gerencial proposto foi desenvolvido com a adoção de alguns conceitos originais e que trouxeram contribuições para a gestão de uma organização militar: a análise das correlações de padrões, atributos e metodologias (como auxílio no processo de identificação dos fatores críticos de sucesso), a sinergia entre objetivos estratégicos e macroprocessos, o sistema de sugestões...

The effects of U.S. Marine Corps officer graduate education programs on officer performance : a comparative analysis of professional military education and graduate education

Zamarripa, Luis R.; Lianez, Raul
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; This thesis compares the effects of Marine Corps graduate education programs, categorized as either Professional Military Education (PME) or Non-PME, on officer performance. The intent of the thesis is to provide empirical evidence to support or refute Marine Corps cultural perceptions that PME improves officer performance more than Non-PME graduate education. A performance index (PI) is derived from the current Marine Corps fitness report system and averaged before and after graduate education for PME and Non-PME graduates and for a group of officers without graduate education (NOS). Data from the Marine Corps Total Force Data Warehouse are used to assess the marginal effect of graduate education in models that also included demographic, affective and cognitive traits. ANOVA results for O4s show significant improvement in performance over time for all groups (PME, Non-PME and NOS), with the largest improvement for PME and the smallest for NOS, although differences between groups are not significant. Multivariate regressions indicate that, after accounting for other influences, the post-education performance of those with graduate education is not significantly different from those without (NOS). The change in performance between before and after receiving graduate education is not significantly different for PME and NOS...

Structuring Naval Special Warfare junior officer professional military education

Donovan, Thomas A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
Naval Special Warfare does not currently have a designated career path for an officer that requires professional military education (PME) for SEAL junior officers after the rank of Ensign (O-1) and before the rank of Lieutenant Commander (O-4). There currently is interest in this subject matter at the Naval Special Warfare Command and Center. SEAL officers increasingly hold key leadership positions and influence critical decisions in the execution of national strategy. This growing responsibility calls for a progressive and sequential education program to prepare junior officers for battle, staff, and command. Additionally, the Naval Special Warfare Officer corps will continue to grow in the coming years, adding more junior officers to the community. SEAL junior officers would benefit from structured PME throughout their careers. Through research analysis and a survey of Naval Special Warfare officers this thesis attempts to determine what education is critical for a SEAL junior officer. Additionally, this thesis attempts to determine the most efficient way to address education shortfalls and the frequency in which education should be experienced. Finally, the Naval Special Warfare junior officer community will benefit from education opportunities inserted into the officer career path to address nineteen specific subjects indicated in this research.

US influence on military professionalism in the Philippines

Carlos, Manuel R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The "special relationship" between the US and the Philippines date back to the beginning of the 20th Century. During this period, the US played a significant role in the development of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). This thesis assesses the scope of US influence in shaping military professionalism in the Philippines. Military professionalism is essential in keeping positive civil-military relations and sustaining democracy. This thesis analyzes areas wherein the US has potentially influenced military professionalism, namely the Philippine Military Academy, US service academies, International Military Education and Training Program, and US-Philippines Mil-to-Mil exercises. This study also discusses the degree of US influence as the AFP deals with the Post-Cold War era, the impact of the postmodern military, the Revolution in Military Affairs, and the global war on terrorism. Finally, this thesis presents a case study of the July 2003 failed mutiny. The study proposes that professionalism, or the lack thereof, is not an independent variable that determines whether or not the military will intervene in political affairs. Instead, it is a combination of strong institutions...

Impact of International Military Education (IMET) on Graduate Education

Bruneau, Thomas; Peggar, Kathleen; Wright, Elisabeth
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
This report is a compilation of the significant findings of the most exhaustive study of International Military Education (IMET) conducted to date. Of particular note is that the report examines IMET and its benefits - over the long term - as viewed by various IMET actors. For a number of reasons, the benefits of IMET are not realized immediately upon the completion of any course but rather are realized over time. Thus an assessment conducted immediately upon completion of an IMET program is not a sufficient measure of its impact. The report is also unique in that it blends and integrates both quantitative and qualitative perceived benefits of IMET. The report documents the assessment of the IMET program as seen through a 360 degree lens: from the perspective of IMET graduates, their subordinates, their leaders, in country Security Assistance Officers (SAOs) responsible for the in-country decision making related to IMET, Foreign Service Nationals (FSNs) charged with routine administrative management and implentation of IMET in-country, and IMET policy makers (Congress, DoS, DSCA, OSD).

Proceedings of the Naval Postgraduate School and Office of Naval Research conference on Military Education for the 21st Century Warrior.

Palatas, Michael D.; Honegger, Barbara; Jones, Shelly A.; Daniel, Judy A.; Anderson, Craig
Fonte: Monterey, CA. Naval Postgraduate School. Publicador: Monterey, CA. Naval Postgraduate School.
Tipo: Conference Proceedings
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
Naval Postgraduate School, Office of Naval Research. Professional Military Education for the 21st Century Warrior. Conference Proceedings. 15 - 16 January 1998, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California. Reported by Shelly A Jones and Judy A. Daniel. Compiled by Barbara Honegger. Cover design by LT Craig Anderson. Edite by CDR Michael D. Palatas.; The Naval Postgraduate School and Office of Naval Research were pleased to host the Professional Military Education for the 21st Century Warrior Conference in January 1998. An impressive group of top-ranking legislators, academicians, historians, and military education community leaders came together at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey to present and discuss the history, current status, and future of professional military education (PME). The conference presentations and panel discussions, transcripts of which are included in this proceedings book, raised and proposed solutions to some of the challenges that face those in the military education community. The overall tone of conference participants indicated that, while PME has improved significantly as a result of Goldwater-Nichols legislation and the Skelton Panel recommendations, there is still work to be done.

United States Special Operations command professional military education

Dexter, Robert M.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; The United States Special Operations Command does not have an intermediate-level professional military education program for its officers. Current service-provided PME programs are not adequately meeting the educational goals for officers as required by USSOCOM. Through the Joint Special Operations University, SOCOM could establish its own PME program for officers of all services who are assigned to USSOCOM. Through the review of formal documents and interviews with senior officers in USSOCOM, an education gap was identified and analyzed. Three courses of action are presented as to how USSOCOM can overcome this education gap and meet Admiral William H. McRavens intent to have the best educated force in the United States military.

A comparative analysis of Intermediate Service College (ISC) Phase I Joint Professional Military Education (JPME)

Clark, Edward S.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: ix, 110 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; This thesis compares the four Intermediate Service Colleges (ISC) and the Defense Intelligence College (DIC) Phase I Joint Professional Military Education (JPME) curricula and student and faculty mixes. It asks the question, 'Is it feasible to offer a Phase I JPME curriculum at the Naval Postgraduate School?' The results clearly show that a Phase I JPME program is feasible if established within the National Security Affairs/Intelligence (NSA/I) and the Joint Command, Control and Communications (C3) curricula. In these curricula, the student and faculty mixes can be easily attained and the curriculum can be established with minimum disruption to the graduate education mission of the Naval Postgraduate School. Additionally, with six core courses established as Phase I JPME, students from other curricula may be tracked into Phase I by detailers on a case-by-case basis. Ultimately, this would increase the number of Navy Phase I JPME graduates by 69 percent. These graduates would then be available for Phase II and further on Joint Duty Assignments (JDAs); Funded by: Director, Net Assessment, MIPR DDWAM 90005 and DWAM 90038; Lieutenant Commander, United States Navy

Ethics in the military: a review of junior officer education and training programs

Haren, Paul J., III; Ingram, James P.; Weber, Leroy H.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xii, 153 p. : ill. (some col.); 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
MBA Professional Report; Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited.; This MBA Project's purpose was to determine what ethics education is currently offered in the U.S. Navy and other services at the junior officer level. Its goal was to provide an informed foundation of current military best practices in ethics education which will help inform leadership about existing ethics programs, or program elements, which have credibility and show effectiveness. This data collection, analysis, and evaluation process will serve as the platform for establishing informed recommendations to create a future Supply Corps ethics education program. Action Research methodology was undertaken for data collection and evaluation. Interviews were conducted with twenty-one educators at thirteen officer accession and training programs including academies and war colleges. Analysis of each institution's ethics education program was conducted and findings were collaboratively reviewed in order to produce a list of recommended best practices. The researchers concluded that an effective ethics program should contain, at a minimum, the following elements: precise, measurable learning objectives, relevant case studies, exposure to classical theory, honor codes...

Creation of a higher military educational system in Ukraine as a part of civil-military relations (1992-1998)

Katyrenchuk, Taras B.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 129 p.
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.38%
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; This thesis provides a critical analysis of the development of the military staff officer education and training system in Ukraine. The chronological scope of research includes a period from January 1992 to December 1998. The research examines the status of officer training after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the reasons for the creation of a national higher military school in Ukraine. The research also covers the evolution of ideas and opinions on Ukraine's creation of its modern system of officer personnel training from 1992-1998. This thesis traces the process of the creation of the national system of the officer personnel training and its influence on the organization of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. It examines the roles of influential bodies of State power and military authorities in solving the conceptual questions of reforming the system of higher military education. The author describes and provides his own interpretation of the events, facts and phenomena related to the creation of the officer personnel training system and its influence on the creation of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.; Major, Ukrainian Army

The Center for Civil-Military Relations / Spanish Case Study

Bruneau, Thomas C.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.26%
The Center for Civil-Military Relations at the Naval Post-Graduate School (CCMR, Monterey, CA) is an implementing organization of the U.S. Department of Defense's Expanded-International Military Education and Training Program and has amassed both scholarly and practical expertise educating civilian and military defense professionals from more than 40 countries. CCMR was established in 1994 and is sponsored by the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA). CCMR conducts civil-military relations programs designed primarily for military officers, civilian officials, legislators, and non-government personnel. These programs include courses designed to be taught both in residence at NPS and in a Mobile Education Team (MET) format, depending upon requirements. Three programs offered by CCMR include the MET, the Masters Degree in International Security and Civil-Military Relations, and the Executive Program in Civil-Military Relations.; Approved for public display, distribution unlimited; The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) sponsored the research in this report under agreement AEP-A-00-98-00014-00, which established the Partnership for Democratic Governance and Society. The Partnership for Democratic Governance and Society (PDGS) conducts programs to strengthen the capacity of civilians to provide leadership in defense management...

How can the U.S. military avoid another 9/15 an analysis of the inability of U.S. military leaders to provide an adequate strategy for responding to the 9/11 attacks

Mauldin, James R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 99 p. : ill. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.26%
The purpose of this thesis is to identify the actions the U.S. military should take to ensure the next time it is called upon to provide a campaign strategy to the President, the U.S. military does not repeat the shortfalls of 9/15/2001, which called for a Direct Approach against an irregular adversary, Al Qaeda. The thesis presents a Game Theory analysis of Toft's "Strategic Interaction Theory" to develop an optimal strategy for conducting future asymmetric conflicts. It finds the optimal strategy is to be equally capable of either a Direct or Indirect Approach and to employ whichever approach the adversary is employing. The thesis then reviews U.S. military operations between 1947 and 2001 and finds that 208 of the 210 known engagements optimally required a U.S. Indirect Approach. Despite the overwhelming preponderance of indirect action during this period, an assessment of the U.S. military educational system that produced the military uniformed leaders at the time of the 9/11 attacks shows it focused on the Direct Approach, rendering these leaders ill-prepared to advise the President on 9/15. The thesis concludes with recommendations for future U.S. military preparations for asymmetric warfare, calling for an equally balanced education of U.S. officers in Direct and Indirect Approach strategies.; US Army (USA) author.

Military education system and national development: the case of the Republic of Korea Army

Ko, Gi Wuon.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 47 p.: ill.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.31%
Approved for public release ; distribution unlimited.; The primary mission of the military is to wage successful battles in war, but in peace its mission must be that of contributing to national development. This is the modern trend and tendency. In the case of Korea, the military has a double mission of contributing to the nation's development while also preventing war from breaking out by serving as the foremost line of defense against the communists. This study surveys the role of the Korean military education system in national development, and examines the interdependence between the military and society in for enhancing benefit from the military education system; http://archive.org/details/militaryeducatio00kogi; Major, Korean Army

Civil military operations in Ecuador

Camacho, Carlos Eduardo Paladines.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 75 p. : ill. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited.; Civil Military Operations (CMO) has often been blamed for the politicization of the armed forces and a loss of civilian control. This thesis confronts this traditional approach and argues that CMO need not lead to these outcomes. It introduces democratic civilian control of the armed forces, a well-established military mission, and civilian and military expertise as the basic requirements for the application of CMO. If the requirements are fulfilled, a multiplier effects starts giving legitimacy to the government, consolidating the democratic process and increasing civilian control over the armed forces. This thesis examines Ecuador as a case study. Ecuador fulfills partially the requirements for the application of CMO. The State's structure allows democratic civilian control. There is a well-established mission: the north frontier of Ecuador has become a "gap" in the national security system that demands the assistance of the armed forces. But there is lack of civilian and military expertise in the application of CMO. The demand of CMO in the north frontier can be the perfect scenario for training and education in Civil Military Affairs, fulfilling the requirement of expertise and thus allowing the application of CMO in Ecuador without risking the democratic regime.; Civilian...

United States-People's Republic of China military-to-military relations: prospects for progress

Bolen, Michael Todd
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 81 p.
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; American military relations with the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) have been in a constant state of flux since their rocky beginnings during the Second World War. Since the Tiananmen Square incident of June 1989, efforts to reestablish a positive working relationship between the U.S. Department of Defense and the PLA have been restrained by domestic political pressures within both polities and a number of crises which increased political tensions between both nations' governments. Due to reactive policies implemented by both governments, engagement programs between the United States and PRC have yielded few tangible benefits to either side in the past fifteen years. This thesis addresses the history of U.S. military engagement with the PRC and discusses past American policies of "containment" and "engagement" of China. Case studies concerning American engagement with Taiwan and Thailand reveal the benefits of close links with partners in Asia and provide programs for possible emulation in the U.S.-PRC relationship. Through managed engagement programs such as systematic security summits, educational exchanges and partnership operations initiatives, a stable defense dialogue between American and Chinese militaries can yield significant results in reducing tensions between their two governments and averting future crises through improved communication and cooperation.; Major (Select)...

Alineación del proceso de gestión de educación militar de la dirección de educación con las escuelas del Ejército Nacional; Alignment of process "military education management" of the education directorate, with schools National Army of Colombia

Batista Pérez, Marian Helen; Rámirez López, Leonardo Juan
Fonte: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Ingeniería; Especialización en Gerencia de la Calidad Publicador: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Ingeniería; Especialización en Gerencia de la Calidad
Tipo: bachelorThesis; Trabajo de grado Formato: pdf; pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.18%
El presente trabajo, es resultado de la visita técnica a la Dirección de Educación de Ejército, es un registro general de los fundamentos y las actividades requeridas y desarrolladas para la alineación de las Escuelas del Ejército Nacional de Colombia con su ente rector, la Dirección de educación de la Jefatura de Educación y Doctrina. La alineación de los procesos de Educación y Doctrina del nivel estratégico con el operacional, se ve realizada cuando se encuentra documentada la interacción que se visualiza en un mapa de procesos, la caracterización, las actividades subordinadas y los formatos unificados. Logrado a través del método documental con perspectiva cualitativo, con análisis e interacción con el personal participante. La visita técnica se ubica dentro de las fase tres de implementación del Sistema integrado de gestión, compuesto por el Sistema de Gestión de Calidad, el Modelo Estándar de Control Interno y el Sistema de Desarrollo Administrativo; gestión verificada y aprobada por la Firma ICONTEC (septiembre de 2013), mediante la renovación de los certificados. En el presente trabajo, el sistema de gestión de calidad hace referencia dirigir y controlar el proceso desde la matricula hasta la obtención del título. En este trayecto se presentan requerimientos de los estudiantes...

The professionalization of the Aeronautics officer: the military instructors; A profissionalização do oficial da Aeronáutica: os instrutores militares

Kirsch, Deise Becker; Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, São Paulo; Mizukami, Maria da Graça Nicoletti; Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, São Paulo
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; "Avaliados por pares"; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/10/2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
This article comes from a doctoral research and aims at discussing military education, especially about the education of military instructors within Air Force Academy (AFA).This qualitative study is based on the purpose of intervention, with a collaborative group, is in the initial phase and focuses the military instructors. For this purpose, in this work documents and the theoretical contribution that supports theoretically the military education are presented, specifically the concept of teaching and its application, besides discussing about the professionals that take part of it. In addition, we seek in the literature a support for understanding the teaching and the learning of the military reality in focus and relevant elements for the “teaching and learning” process of in order to obtain advances in the practice of the professionals involved in this work and the success in student learning. Finally, it is specifically dealt about the teaching knowledge and practice which implies the debate about a knowledge base for teaching and the reflective process, necessary to all teachers and, in this case, how it affects the professionalization of military instructors.; O presente artigo advém de uma pesquisa de doutorado e tem como objetivo discorrer acerca da educação militar...

School military education and the construction of a national identity in Portugal in the passage from the 19th to the 20th century

Silva, Carlos Manique da; Pintassilgo, Joaquim
Fonte: Universidade de Macerata Publicador: Universidade de Macerata
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.25%
The liberal and republican discourses produced in Portugal in the transition from the nineteenth century to the twentieth century emphasized the figure of the citizensoldier as part of the civic cult of the Nation. The ideal citizen of the new Republic, proclaimed at last in 1910, should be orderly, disciplined, morally exemplary and physically fit to address the harshness and needs of the war, besides being an unconditional lover of his Homeland. With this article we intend to promote a reflection on the purposes and character of the youth militarization project developed, in two different moments of the above-mentioned period, under the predominant influence of republicanism. Forwarding both moments of the study, our concern goes to the relations between military instruction and other curricular areas, particularly physical education, and moral and civic education. We will pay attention to the ritual practices that are developed which are an alternative to the catholic ritualism. In addition, the controversies with expression in the pedagogical field that have permanently accompanied the implementation of military preparation are analysed. Finally, we will seek to integrate the aforementioned project within the framework of international experiences...

The Many Faces of Reform: Military Progressivism in the U.S. Army, 1866-1916

Clark, Jason Patrick
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: 3629516 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.15%

In the years 1866-1916, the U.S. Army changed from a frontier constabulary to an industrial age force capable of expeditionary operations. This conversion was made possible by organizational reforms including the creation of a system of professional education, a coordinating central staff, and doctrine integrating tactics, equipment, and organization. Yet formal structures acted in parallel with the informal culture of the officer corps, which proved far more resistant to change. This dissertation will follow the formulation of these reforms by Emory Upton following the Civil War, through their implementation by Elihu Root in the early twentieth century. It concludes in 1916, when new conditions produced an entirely different agenda for reform.

This period has generally been interpreted in one of two ways. Previous scholarship examining the internal workings of the Army has seen it as a transition from obsolete to modern organization. Despite disagreements as to the origins, impetus, and length of reform, the theme of progress has been consistent. In contrast, the historiography of the Army's external relationship with society has interpreted reform as a failed attempt to introduce militarism by mimicking foreign military institutions alien to American traditions. Although some of the foreign organizational forms were adopted...