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Defining the genre of Mexican business e-mail

Judge,Therese
Fonte: Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Based on congruencies in the findings of Spanish-language writing research and U.S.-English e-mail writing research, this study investigates Mexican e-mails. The findings from the literature are formulated as issue statements for the purpose of confirming or denying their applicability to collected Mexican e-mails. The study employs both qualitative rhetorical analysis and a quantitative feature presence/absence analysis. Of the eight issues statements predicted to describe Mexican business e-mails per the literature, only one was affirmed-meaning that the currently available information about Mexican workplace e-mails is incorrect and/or incomplete.

Psychoneuroses among Mexican Americans and other whites: prevalence and caseness.

Vega, W A; Kolody, B; Warheit, G
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/1985 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.54%
This paper reports the findings from an epidemiological survey conducted in California using the Health Opinion Survey (HOS), a measure of psychoneuroticism, as well as other scales and inventories. Uncontrolled results indicate that Mexican Americans have higher symptom and case levels, but that these differences are found primarily among marginally acculturated and immigrant respondents. HOS caseness levels were 15.4 for Spanish-speaking Mexican Americans, 6.6 for English-speaking Mexican Americans, and 5.5 for other Whites. Joint effects of ethnicity for sex, age, education, and marital status were substantial, however there were differences in caseness between Spanish-speaking Mexican Americans, English-speaking Mexican Americans, and other Whites on four measures of psychological distress. The results indicate the importance of acculturation-related factors, including educational attainment, language preference, and nativity for predicting symptomatology among Mexican Americans.

Validity of the Spanish surname infant mortality rate as a health status indicator for the Mexican American population.

Selby, M L; Lee, E S; Tuttle, D M; Loe, H D
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1984 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This study assessed the validity of the Spanish surname infant mortality rate as an index of urban Mexican American health status. Neonatal, postneonatal, and risk-factor-specific mortality rates were computed from linked birth and infant death records of the 1974-75 Harris County, Texas, cohort of 68,584 for Spanish surname White, non-Spanish surname White, and Black single live births. Infants of Mexican-born immigrants were distinguished from those of other Spanish surname parents by parental nativity information on birth records. Infants of Mexican immigrants had paradoxically low mortality rates for high birth order, high maternal age, and delayed or absent prenatal care; only infants weighing less than 1500 gm showed expected high rates. Findings suggested loss of infant death data compatible with migration and under-registration of deaths. The Spanish surname infant mortality rate may be spuriously low and does not appear to be a valid indicator of Mexican American health status even in an urban, non-border area considered to have excellent birth and death registration.

Appreciations and Audience Response in 4 Mexican Political Speeches

Escobar, Rosa M
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (Masters sub-thesis)
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
Using the fine-grained methodology of Conversation Analysis, the video recordings of four political speeches delivered by a Mexican Governor were examined. Since previous studies have found that speakers design sequences of talk to elicit the audience’s applause (Atkinson, 1984a, 1984b; Bull, 2003; Heritage and Greatbatch, 1986), the departure point for this thesis was to find where applause occurred in order to examine what sequences of talk elicited it. A preliminary observation was that every time the Governor expressed appreciation to a person or group of people, the audience applauded and the recipients non-verbally responded to the Governor for the appreciation. A detailed examination of the structure, the sequence organisation and the delivery of ‘appreciations’ was carried out. At a structural level it was found that by changing footing, thus affecting the audience and the recipient’s participation framework, the Governor was able to move from addressing the audience to addressing the recipient of his appreciation and back to the audience to re-commence his monologic talk. At the sequence organisation level, it was found that the actions performed by the Governor and by the addressed-recipient of his appreciation constitute an adjacency pair (AP): not until the Governor finishes doing appreciation do the recipients respond to the Governor for the appreciation. The audience’s applause...

Los “niños de Morelia” y su tratamiento por la prensa mexicana durante el año 1937; Morelia’s children and their treatment by mexican press during 1947.

Sánchez Ródenas, Alfonso
Fonte: Murcia, Universidad de Murcia, Servicio de Publicaciones Publicador: Murcia, Universidad de Murcia, Servicio de Publicaciones
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Este artículo analiza el tratamiento informativo que los tres periódicos mexicanos más influyentes del momento, El Nacional, El Universal y Excélsior, dedicaron a la llegada a México en 1937 de los conocidos como Niños de Morelia. Éstos formaron parte de los llamados Niños de la Guerra, que el gobierno republicano envió durante la Guerra Civil Española (1936-1939) a varios países extranjeros, con el fin de alejarlos del conflicto y conseguir eco internacional a favor de su causa. México fue el destino de uno de estos contingentes infantiles, compuesto por unos 500 niños, acogidos con gran entusiasmo por el gobierno de Lázaro Cárdenas. Los tres citados periódicos dedicaron a este episodio un gran tratamiento informativo, no exento de polémica, según las posiciones ideológicas y los intereses de cada uno de ellos.; ABSTRACT: This article analyzes the informative treatment that the three most important Mexican newspapers dedicated at the arrival in Mexico in 1937 of the known as “Morelia’s Children”. These formed part of the called War Children, which the Republican government sent to some foreign countries during the Spanish Civil war (1936-1939), in order to remove them from the conflict and to obtain international help. Mexico was the destination of one of these infantile groups...

El español de Nuevo México y su uso como lengua pública : 1850-1950

Gubitosi, Patricia
Fonte: Instituto B. Flanklin de Estudios Norteamericanos. Universidad de Alcalá de Henares Publicador: Instituto B. Flanklin de Estudios Norteamericanos. Universidad de Alcalá de Henares
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.34%
This paper examines the evolution of the Spanish language as a public language in the Spanish newspapers published in New Mexico between 1850 and 1950. Spanish spoken in New Mexico has been characterized as old, archaic, and as an isolated Spanish dialect. However, this article shows that the archaic flavor of the New Mexican Spanish language might be attributed to an unconscious construction of social identity developed by the Hispanic population in the area as a result of a deep and extensive language contact situation that has profoundly impacted people’s lives throughout the years since the region was annexed to the United States. This paper analyzes almost 900 articles from a variety of textual genres such as news, editorials, essays, advertisements, and letters to the editor in order to evaluate the use of Spanish as a public language and its relationship with English in the context of social and political changes that have occurred in the area.; Este trabajo examina la evolución de la lengua española como lengua pública en los periódicos publicados en Nuevo México entre 1850 y 1950. El español en Nuevo México ha sido caracterizado como un dialecto aislado y arcaico; sin embargo, esta investigación demuestra que el sabor arcaico de esta variedad dialectal puede ser atribuido a una construcción inconsciente de la identidad social desarrollada por la población hispana como consecuencia del resultado de una intensa y extensa situación de contacto lingüístico que ha impactado profundamente a través de los años en las vidas de las personas desde que la región fue anexada a los Estados Unidos. Esta investigación analiza alrededor de 900 artículos periodísticos de una amplia variedad de géneros textuales como noticias...

L1 and L2 dialects : where the action is

Preston, Dennis Richard
Fonte: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones Publicador: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.28%
Este estudio analiza una situación de inmigración internacional y nacional en la que hablantes de español mexicanos y sus descendientes se han trasladado a zonas del sur de Michigan, en la región de los grandes lagos de los Estados Unidos. Se trata, en su mayor parte, de migrantes agricultores, procedentes de México o de Texas y que se han asentado en Michigan.; This study considers such contact in an international/national immigration situation in which Mexican Spanish speakers and their descendents have moved ro areas in southern Michigan, in the Great Lakes area of the United States. They are migrant agricultural workers, from Mexico or Texas, who have settled in Michigan.

Ernesto Galarza and Mexican children’s literature in the United States

Moreno de Anda, Roberto
Fonte: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones Publicador: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.44%
This article examines the pioneering work of Ernesto Galarza on Mexican children’s literature in Spanish in the United States. Between 1971 and 1973, he wrote twelve books almost equally divided between poetry and nonfiction for elementary school children. The author found that Galarza considered teaching Spanish-speaking children to read in their own language to be the cornerstone for improving their academic achievement and for facilitating the transition into English language instruction. Mexican culture took center stage in his poetry books, while, without being didactic, social and economic inequality was suggested in his nonfiction works. A recurrent theme throughout his work is nature and the responsibility that humans should assume when interacting with it.; Este artículo examina la obra pionera de Ernesto Galarza sobre literatura en español para niños mexicanos en los Estados Unidos. Entre 1971 y 1973, escribió doce libros divididos entre poesía, ciencias sociales y ciencias naturales. Entre los hallazgos principales del autor destacan los siguientes. Galarza consideraba que para niños hispano parlantes la enseñanza de la lectura en su propio idioma era la piedra angular para mejorar su rendimiento académico y para facilitar la transición a la enseñanza en inglés. La cultura mexicana juega un papel central en sus libros de poesía. Mientras tanto...

Attitudes of mexican american students towards learning english as a second language in a structured immersion program

Uribe Mart??nez, Diego; Guti??rrez P??rez, Jos??; Madrid, Daniel
Fonte: Universidad de Granada Publicador: Universidad de Granada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
This study involves the examination of the attitudes of a group of Mexican American students towards learning English as a second language in a structured immersion program. It also analyzes the extent to which these attitudes differ in relation to the variables of gender and performance in English. Participants were 110 students (girls, n = 56, boys, n = 54) in grades 8-12 in the Compton Unified School District (California, USA). One noteworthy finding of this study is the appearance of a general factor that defines the homogeneous structure of the instruments used in the assessment of student attitudes toward second language learning. In addition, a further factor, which the authors have termed ???pressure to learn English??? was also identified. This factor is manifested in a high average correlation of all variables. It reveals the motivation to learn a second language in the context of vital necessity where learning English is a key element for the integration in a territory in which the use of Spanish is prohibited by law.

Normas de terminación para la palabra final de oraciones en español para niños mexicanos; Termination norms for final words of Spanish sentences for Mexican children; Normas de terminação para a palavra final de orações em espanhol para crianças mexicanas

Rodríguez-Carmacho, Mario; Prieto-Corona, Belén; Bravo, Margarita; Marosi, Erzsèbet; Bernal, Jorge; Yáñez, Guillermina
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/09/2011 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.36%
Las normas de terminación de oraciones son un recurso valioso para los investigadores interesados en el estudio de los efectos que tiene un contexto sobre los procesos de reconocimiento de palabras, y la comprensión del lenguaje en general. Este estudio presenta las normas de terminación para la palabra final de 278 oraciones en español para niños mexicanos, obtenidas a través del método de cloze, en una muestra de 420 estudiantes (226 niños y 194 niñas) de 9 a 12 años de edad del 4º al 6º grado de primarias públicas del Estado de México. La tarea de los niños consistió en leer cada una de las oraciones y completarlas con una palabra al cierre. Se calculó la probabilidad de cierre de cada palabra respondida para cada uno de los contextos, de acuerdo a las respuestas de los niños. Aunque el corpus incluyó oraciones con diferentes restricciones contextuales, la respuesta de los sujetos mostró un mayor número de oraciones con alta probabilidad de cierre. Este material puede ser utilizado en la investigación sobre la comprensión del lenguaje tanto auditivo como escrito en niños.; Sentence completion norms are a valuable resource for researchers interested in the study of the effects of context in word recognition processes and language comprehension. This study presents completion norms for 278 sentences-final words in Spanish for Mexican children. These norms were obtained through the cloze method in a sample of 420 students (226 boys and 194 girls) 9 to 12 years old...

Recognition of Emotions in Mexican Spanish Speech: An Approach Based on Acoustic Modelling of Emotion-Specific Vowels

Caballero-Morales, Santiago-Omar
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 10/07/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.46%
An approach for the recognition of emotions in speech is presented. The target language is Mexican Spanish, and for this purpose a speech database was created. The approach consists in the phoneme acoustic modelling of emotion-specific vowels. For this, a standard phoneme-based Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) system was built with Hidden Markov Models (HMMs), where different phoneme HMMs were built for the consonants and emotion-specific vowels associated with four emotional states (anger, happiness, neutral, sadness). Then, estimation of the emotional state from a spoken sentence is performed by counting the number of emotion-specific vowels found in the ASR's output for the sentence. With this approach, accuracy of 87–100% was achieved for the recognition of emotional state of Mexican Spanish speech.

Catechol-O-methyltransferase gene haplotypes in Mexican and Spanish patients with fibromyalgia

Vargas-Alarcón, Gilberto; Fragoso, José-Manuel; Cruz-Robles, David; Vargas, Angélica; Vargas, Alfonso; Lao-Villadóniga, José-Ignacio; García-Fructuoso, Ferrán; Ramos-Kuri, Manuel; Hernández, Fernando; Springall, Rashidi; Bojalil, Rafael; Vallejo,
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.61%
Autonomic dysfunction is frequent in patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Heart rate variability analyses have demonstrated signs of ongoing sympathetic hyperactivity. Catecholamines are sympathetic neurotransmitters. Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), an enzyme, is the major catecholamine-clearing pathway. There are several single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the COMT gene associated with the different catecholamine-clearing abilities of the COMT enzyme. These SNPs are in linkage disequilibrium and segregate as 'haplotypes'. Healthy females with a particular COMT gene haplotype (ACCG) producing a defective enzyme are more sensitive to painful stimuli. The objective of our study was to define whether women with FM, from two different countries (Mexico and Spain), have the COMT gene haplotypes that have been previously associated with greater sensitivity to pain. All the individuals in the study were female. Fifty-seven Mexican patients and 78 Spanish patients were compared with their respective healthy control groups. All participants filled out the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ). Six COMT SNPs (rs2097903, rs6269, rs4633, rs4818, rs4680, and rs165599) were genotyped from peripheral blood DNA. In Spanish patients, there was a significant association between three SNPs (rs6269...

Survey Response Styles, Acculturation, and Culture Among a Sample of Mexican American Adults

Davis, Rachel E.; Resnicow, Ken; Couper, Mick P.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/10/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.56%
A number of studies have investigated use of extreme (ERS) and acquiescent (ARS) response styles across cultural groups. However, due to within-group heterogeneity, it is important to also examine use of response styles, acculturation, and endorsement of cultural variables at the individual level. This study explores relationships between acculturation, six Mexican cultural factors, ERS, and ARS among a sample of 288 Mexican American telephone survey respondents. Three aspects of acculturation were assessed: Spanish use, the importance of preserving Mexican culture, and interaction with Mexican Americans versus Anglos. These variables were hypothesized to positively associate with ERS and ARS. Participants with higher Spanish use did utilize more ERS and ARS; however, value for preserving Mexican culture and interaction with Mexican Americans were not associated with response style use. In analyses of cultural factors, endorsement of familismo and simpatia were related to more frequent ERS and ARS, machismo was associated with lower ERS among men, and la mujer was related to higher ERS among women. Caballerismo was marginally associated with utilization of ERS among men. No association was found between la mujer abnegada and ERS among women. Relationships between male gender roles and ARS were nonsignificant. Relationships between female gender roles and ARS were mixed but trended in the positive direction. Overall...

Perception of Synthetic Vowels by Monolingual Canadian-English, Mexican-Spanish, and Peninsular-Spanish Listeners

Morrison, Geoffrey
Fonte: Canadian Acoustical Association Publicador: Canadian Acoustical Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.45%
Monolingual-Western-Canadian-English listeners, monolingual-Mexican-Spanish listeners, and monolingual-Peninsular-Spanish listeners classified stimuli from a synthetic vowel continuum which allowed for English /ι/, /I/, /ε/, /E/, and Spanish /ι, /ει/

Wh-questions in Spanish : Meanings and Configuration Variability

Sosa, Juan Manuel
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Article; info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2003 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
This paper describes the distinct tonal configurations of wh-questions in Spanish and discusses their possible correlations with pragmatic and interactional meanings. The data consisted of both read and spontaneous speech from four Latin American varieties. Two of the dialects, Mexican and Colombian, as opposed to Venezuelan and Puerto Rican, showed a marked preference for rising contours in read speech, while in interviews virtually no such contours occurred for any of the speakers. A different kind of rising contour did regularly occur in the natural speech data, a globally rising contour without a dip before the final high rise, used for confirmation or reprise whquestions. The conclusion of this study is that the unmarked configuration is indeed the gradually descending one, as described in the literature. This applies to all the dialects here examined, in spite of the variability of the contours, which is context-induced and related to information structure.

Mexican immigrants’ views on the Spanish dialects in Mexico: a language attitudes study

Stockler, Sarah
Fonte: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones Publicador: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.64%
Since the 1960s, sociolinguists have been examining the social factors that influence language variation and the attitudes speakers have towards those variations. In this study, the language attitudes about the perceived Spanish dialects in Mexico are analyzed using a maptask. A group of Mexican immigrants in the U.S. was asked to draw on a map of Mexico where they felt that people speak Spanish differently. They were then asked to explain/elaborate on the divisions that they drew. These maps and interviews were used to determine the perceived major dialects of Mexican Spanish according to the majority of participants. Perceptions of dialects are measured via reoccurring themes that were brought up by a majority of interviewees. Salient themes include language contact, such as influence of English or indigenous languages, and whether a dialect was deemed urban or rural.; Percepciones de los inmigrantes mexicanos de los dialectos del español de México: un estudio de actitudes lingüísticas. Desde los años 60, los sociolingüistas han estudiado los factores sociales que influyen en la variación lingüística y las actitudes de los hablantes hacia esa variación. En este estudio, se analizan, usando una técnica de mapeo...

Acquisition of the stop-spirant alternation in bilingual Mexican Spanish–English speaking children: Theoretical and clinical implications

Fabiano-Smith, Leah; Oglivie, Trianna; Maiefski, Olivia; Schertz, Jessamyn
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Text
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.45%
The purpose of this study was to identify characteristics of typical acquisition of the Mexican Spanish stop-spirant alternation in bilingual Spanish–English speaking children and to shed light on the theoretical debate over which sound is the underlying form in the stop-spirant allophonic relationship. We predicted that bilingual children would acquire knowledge of this allophonic relationship by the time they reach age 5;0 (years;months) and would demonstrate higher accuracy on the spirants, indicating their role as the underlying phoneme. This quasi-longitudinal study examined children’s single word samples in Spanish from ages 2;4–8;2. Samples were phonetically transcribed and analyzed for accuracy, substitution errors and acoustically for intensity ratios. Bilingual children demonstrated overall higher accuracy on the voiced stops as compared to the spirants. Differences in substitution errors across ages were found and acoustic analyses corroborated perceptual findings. The clinical implication of this research is that bilingual children may be in danger of overdiagnosis of speech sound disorders because acquisition of this allophonic rule in bilinguals appears to differ from what has been found in previous studies examining monolingual Spanish speakers.

Mexico and the Spanish Republic. 1931-1939.

Ojeda-Revah, Mario
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.58%
This thesis examines Mexico's relationship with the Second Spanish Republic, and analyses the rationale behind the Lazaro Cardenas government's (1934-1940) decision to provide military, diplomatic and moral support to the Republic during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). The Mexican government sent arms and ammunition to Spain when other nations refused to do so, constrained by the so- called Non-Intervention Pact. Moreover, Mexican diplomats organised a covert network to buy arms in third countries and then re-direct them to Spain. Mexico also lent the Spanish Republic its diplomatic backing at the League of Nations, where its delegates defended the Republican cause and denounced both the Axis intervention and the democracies' inaction. The thesis also interprets the repercussions that such policy had on internal Mexican politics, and for Mexico's international position, most particularly with regards to the United States. The Spanish War generated a backlash in Mexico, with the growth of a domestic Right, heavily influenced by European Fascism and Spanish Falangism. Conversely, Cardenas' position concerning Spain ultimately afforded his government the backing of the Roosevelt administration in the final showdown with that Rightist opposition. Extensive reference is made to primary sources...

Optimism betrayed: The golden age of Mexican-Spanish relations, 1931-1939.

Pliego-Moreno, Ivan Hilmardel
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.66%
Mexico and Spain have had a long and complex relationship since the former achieved independence from the latter at the beginning of the nineteenth century. The two countries established diplomatic relations in 1836, yet it took almost a century before relations became meaningful and mutually beneficial. The establishment of the Second Spanish Republic in 1931 signified a new era in Spanish politics, and Spain's foreign policy towards the Americas adopted a more pragmatic and progressive approach. In particular, this led to a new era in transatlantic relations towards Mexico. During the next five years, Spain and Mexico developed amicable and cooperative social, economic and political ties. The military uprising in Spain in the summer of 1936 put the Spanish Republic's international relations to the test, revealing her true friends and allies. Mexico proved to be, beyond any doubt, Spain's firmest supporter, although the relationship was unable to counterbalance the influence of European Non- Intervention, and American neutrality. Mexican efforts to gather sympathy and support for the Republican cause in the League of Nations had little effect. Mexico, along with the Soviet Union, and the contribution of the International Brigades...

Validity of the Mexican version of the combined Foot Care Confidence / Foot-Care Behavior scale for diabetes

García-Inzunza,Jaime A.; Valles-Medina,Ana M.; Muñoz,Fátima A.; Delgadillo-Ramos,Guadalupe; Compean-Ortiz,Lidia G.
Fonte: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Publicador: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.44%
OBJECTIVE: To 1) translate / transculturally adapt the original (English-language) combined Foot Care Confidence Scale / Foot-Care Behavior instrument (FCCS-FCB) to produce a Mexican-Spanish version and 2) determine its validity and reliability in a population with diabetes in Tijuana, Mexico. METHODS: The original FCCS-FCB was translated (and back-translated), the content validated (by a group of health professional experts), and the instrument applied to 304 patients 23-78 years old in diabetes support groups in Tijuana, Mexico. Internal consistency for the study constructs ("self-efficacy," and risk / preventive foot self-care behaviors) was measured using Cronbach's alpha. The constructs were validated using principal component factor analysis. RESULTS: The Cronbach's alpha values for internal consistency were 0.782 for self-efficacy and 0.505 for behaviors. Based on the analysis, two factors explained 49.1% of the total variance for self-efficacy, and six factors explained 57.7% of the total variance for behaviors. The results were consistent with those for the original (English) version of the FCCS-FCB. CONCLUSIONS: The Mexican version of the FCCS-FCB is a reliable and valid instrument recommended for use with Mexican-Spanish-speaking patients with diabetes.