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Envelhecimento bem-sucedido : processo de interação enfermeiro-pessoa idosa em cuidados  de saúde primários; Successful aging - the nurse - aged person interaction process in primary health care

Fernandes, Maria João Soares Rodrigues de Sousa
Fonte: Repositório Científico Lusófona Publicador: Repositório Científico Lusófona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.78%
Com o envelhecimento demográfico e o natural aumento dos cuidados de enfermagem no âmbito gerontológico surge o interesse em responder como é que o enfermeiro interage com a pessoa idosa para que esta utilize a sua essência evidenciando comportamentos protetores e promotores de envelhecimento bem-sucedido? E ao objetivo: compreender o processo da interação enfermeiro-pessoa idosa que conduz à utilização de comportamentos protetores e promotores de envelhecimento bem-sucedido. Trata-se de um estudo naturalista de paradigma qualitativo, de pensamento indutivo, desenvolvido num contexto de cuidados de saúde primários. Observámos o processo de interação entre enfermeiro-pessoa idosa num Agrupamento de Centros de Saúde e em Centros de Dia/Convívio e completámos a informação com entrevista. Utilizámos o método de análise grounded theory segundo Corbin & Strauss[1] que prevê a triangulação de dados bem como o recurso a amostragem teórica. A interação enfermeiro-pessoa idosa estabelece-se num processo conjunto de recriação do cuidado gerontológico predispondo, favorecendo e reforçando o conhecimento sobre o cerne da vida. A pessoa idosa objeto de cuidados do enfermeiro vai construindo o seu vivido caminhando para a integridade...

Saúde mental : possibilidades de interação com as racionalidades médicas e as práticas integrativas e complementares em saúde; Mental health : possibilities of interaction of with medical rationalities and integrative and complementary therapies in health

Michele Mazzocato Bonon
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/08/2013 PT
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O presente estudo apresenta os resultados de uma revisão sistemática da literatura sobre as relações entre a Saúde Mental e as Racionalidades Médicas (RM) /Práticas Integrativas e Complementares (PIC). O levantamento foi realizado em cinco bases de dados eletrônicas, sem restrição da data de publicação dos artigos e considerando combinações de palavras chave. Inicialmente foram analisadas 168 referências (90; 54% de acupuntura; 40; 24% de fitoterapia; 33; 20% de homeopatia; 05; 0% de medicina antroposófica e 0; 0% de termalismo). A predominância das referências de acupuntura motivou o aprofundamento da análise das interações da Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/Acupuntura com a Saúde Mental. Constatou-se que as aplicações da Medicina Tradicional Chinesa na Saúde Mental caracterizam-se pelo uso complementar de diferentes modalidades de acupuntura, em vários contextos, e da sua combinação com outras intervenções de Medicina Alternativa e Complementar. Conclui-se que embora haja constatações positivas provenientes do uso das RM-PIC na Saúde Mental, foi observado que a maior parte dos artigos desconsidera os elementos intrínsecos da RM"MTC" em que a PIC"acupuntura" se origina, assim como a amplitude e complexidade do campo da saúde mental. Tendo em vista que o Brasil engloba a tríade SM-RM-PIC em seu sistema público de saúde e neste contexto a literatura disponível sobre as possibilidades do uso das RM-PIC em Saúde Mental é praticamente inexistente...

Natural-based nanocomposites for bone tissue engineering and regenerative medicine : a review

Pina, S.; Oliveira, J. M.; Reis, R. L.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine has been providing exciting technologies for the development of functional substitutes aimed to repair and regenerate damaged tissues and organs. Inspired by the hierarchical nature of bone, nanostructured biomaterials are gaining a singular attention for tissue engineering, owing their ability to promote cell adhesion and proliferation, and hence new bone growth, compared with conventional microsized materials. Of particular interest are nanocomposites involving biopolymeric matrices and bioactive nanosized fi llers. Biodegradability, high mechanical strength, and osteointegration and formation of ligamentous tissue are properties required for such materials. Biopolymers are advantageous due to their similarities with extracellular matrices, specifi c degradation rates, and good biological performance. By its turn, calcium phosphates possess favorable osteoconductivity, resorbability, and biocompatibility. Herein, an overview on the available natural polymer/calcium phosphate nanocomposite materials, their design, and properties is presented. Scaffolds, hydrogels, and fi bers as biomimetic strategies for tissue engineering, and processing methodologies are described. The specifi c biological properties of the nanocomposites...

The interaction process between medical students and families in a context of community health promotion: the case “one student, one family” at Lúrio University (Napula)

Monteiro, Gaudêncio; Hyden, Lars-Christer; Bonito, Jorge
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Aula
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.77%
This work aims to address the main features of communication used by students from Lúrio University (Nampula, Mozambique) in the family health promotion process under the project "one student, one family". Therefore, reflections on interpersonal communication were made, based on the analysis of verbal and nonverbal language, and the relationship/interaction between medical student and family during their conversation. This is a qualitative exploratory study using observation by video recording during the meetings between medical student and family. For data analysis, conversation analysis was used. For the research, we used as scenario, the Muatala community where the Unilúrio project took place, and the families are composed of several members living in the same house. And therefore, we worked with 10 medical students who attend different courses and different semester. From the results found it is necessary to highlight the relevance that medicine student and the environment exert in their interaction to the visited families; It was clear enough that there is an insecurity for the student of what he is going to speak in the meeting. It has been in a pacific way he sits down each one accept his mistakes. As a result of that it was concluded that it is worth noting to look at the necessity of developing a work that can make the students be aware of the importance that an effective communication has in the process of interaction between students and the households of Muatala quarter.

Threat of an influenza panzooty: a review based on conservation medicine

Caron,Luiz Felipe; Soccol,Vanete Thomaz
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Among reemerging illnesses, influenza constitutes one of the main concerns. The avian influenza has recently demonstrated the strong transmission capacity of the etiological agent -a virus from the Orthomyxoviridae family - associated to high pathogenic manifestations of the illness. The strong mutation capacity of this virus, through different hosts, reveals how important integrated actions aiming at monitoring its presence in different species are. The swine infection represents an additional concern not only in relation to that species but also in relation to the possibility of the virus to mutate and adapt to humans. The elements that determine the pathogenicity of the various viral subtypes must be well understood, for the tools used to control the illness - such as vaccination - may promote viral mutation and thus render the control even more difficult instead of favoring it. The present review aims at characterizing various components involved in the virus maintenance in different species as well as the determinant elements involved in its evolution, from the point of view of Conservation Medicine, which is the branch of science that deals exactly with the interaction among the environment, human beings, and animals, thus creating a holistic vision not only of the problem but also of the coherent and effective actions involved in their solution.

Personalized medicine and the clinical laboratory

Pinho,João Renato Rebello; Sitnik,Roberta; Mangueira,Cristóvão Luis Pitangueira
Fonte: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein Publicador: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 EN
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Personalized medicine is the use of biomarkers, most of them molecular markers, for detection of specific genetic traits to guide various approaches for preventing and treating different conditions. The identification of several genes related to heredity, oncology and infectious diseases lead to the detection of genetic polymorphisms that are involved not only in different clinical progression of these diseases but also in variations in treatment response. Currently, it is possible to detect these polymorphisms using several methodologies: detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms using polymerase chain reaction methods; nucleic acid microarray detection; and nucleic acid sequencing with automatized DNA sequencers using Sanger-derived methods and new generation sequencing. Personalized medicine assays are directed towards detecting genetic variations that alter interactions of drugs with targets or the metabolic pathways of drugs (upstream and downstream) and can be utilized for the selection of drug formulations and detect different immunogenicities of the drug. Personalized medicine applications have already been described in different areas of Medicine and allow specific treatment approaches to be applied to each patient and pathology according to the results of these assays. The application of such a protocol demands an increasing interaction between the clinical laboratory and the clinical staff. For its implementation...

Guidance for nuclear medicine staff on radiopharmaceuticals drug interaction

Santos-Oliveira,Ralph
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.93%
Numerous drug interactions related to radiopharmaceuticals take place every day in hospitals many of which are not reported or detected. Information concerning this kind of reaction is not abundant, and nuclear medicine staff are usually overwhelmed by this information. To better understand this type of reaction, and to help nuclear medicine staff deal with it, a review of the literature was conducted. The results show that almost all of radiopharmaceuticals marketed around the world present drug interactions with a large variety of compounds. This suggests that a logical framework to make decisions based on reviews incorporating adverse reactions must be created. The review also showed that researchers undertaking a review of literature, or even a systematic review that incorporates drug interactions, must understand the rationale for the suggested methods and be able to implement them in their review. Additionally, a global effort should be made to report as many cases of drug interaction with radiopharmaceuticals as possible. With this, a complete picture of drug interactions with radiopharmaceuticals can be drawn.

Coordinating the norms and values of medical research, medical practice and patient worlds—the ethics of evidence based medicine in orphaned fields of medicine

Vos, R; Willems, D; Houtepen, R
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.74%
It appears that the primary ethical problem in this context is the lack of attention to the orphaned fields. Although we agree that this issue deserves more attention as a matter of potential injustice, we want to argue that, in order to do justice to the interplay of heterogeneous factors that is so typical of the orphaned fields, other ethical models than justice are required. We propose the coordination model as a window through which to view the important ethical issues which relate to the communication and interaction of scientists, health care workers, and patients.

DOI-based reconstruction algorithms for a compact breast PET scanner

Champley, Kyle M.; MacDonald, Lawrence R.; Lewellen, Thomas K.; Miyaoka, Robert S.; Kinahan, Paul E.
Fonte: American Association of Physicists in Medicine Publicador: American Association of Physicists in Medicine
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.78%
Purpose: The authors discuss the design and evaluate the performance of combined event estimation and image reconstruction algorithms designed for a proposed high-resolution rectangular breast PET scanner (PETX). The PETX scanner will be capable of measuring the depth of interaction by utilizing detector modules composed of depth-of-interaction microcrystal element (dMiCE) crystal pairs. This design allows a unique combination of event estimation and fast projection methods.

Interaction between Maternal Passive Smoking during Pregnancy and CYP1A1 and GSTs Polymorphisms on Spontaneous Preterm Delivery

Luo, Yi-Juan; He, Yan-Hui; Xie, Chuan-Bo; Lin, Jian-miao; Yuan, Shi-Xin; Guo, Xiao-Ling; Jia, De-Qin; Chen, Li-Hua; Huang, Bao-Zhen; Chen, Wei-Qing; Wen, Xiaozhong; Ding, Peng; Liu, Tao
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.77%
Objective: The present study aimed to examine the association between maternal passive smoking during pregnancy and the risk of spontaneous PTD and to explore the potential interaction of the single or joint gene polymorphism of CYP1A1 and GSTs with maternal passive smoking on the risk of spontaneous PTD. Method: We investigated whether the association between maternal passive smoking and PTD can be modified by 2 metabolic genes, i.e. cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) and glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), in a case-control study with 198 spontaneous preterm and 524 term deliveries in Shenzhen and Foshan, China. We used logistic regression to test gene-passive smoking interaction, adjusting for maternal socio-demographics and prepregnancy body mass index. Results: Overall, maternal passive smoking during pregnancy was associated with higher risk of PTD (adjusted odds ratio = 2.20 [95% confidence interval: 1.56–3.12]). This association was modified by CYP1A1 and GSTs together, but not by any single genotype. For cross-categories of CYP1A1 Msp I and GSTs, maternal passive smoking was associated with higher risk of PTD among those women with CYP1A1 “TC/CC”+ GSTs “null”, but not among women with other genotypes; and this interaction was significant (OR = 2.66 [95% CI: 1.19–5.97]; P-value: 0.017). For cross-categories of CYP1A1 BsrD I and GSTs...

Economics and Medicine: Who Did What, and to Whom?

Phelps, Charles E.
Fonte: Universidade de Rochester Publicador: Universidade de Rochester
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.81%
This paper explores the interaction between economics in general, the study of health care, and the field of medicine itself. In particular, I will address four questions or issues: 1) What has been the impact of economics upon medicine? 2) What has been the impact of the study of health care upon economics? 3) What might be the impact of economics upon medicine in the future? 4) What might be the impact of the study of economics of medical care upon the general field of economics in the future?

Visual computing for medicine; Visuelle, computer-gestützte Medizin

Bartz, Dirk
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.78%
Visual computing addresses various aspects of the processing of image data. These aspects include the full visual computing pipeline starting from data acquisition, via image processing, the graphical representation of the data, to the interaction with them. These aspects have been in the focus of my work of the past 13 years, and became the focus of the research group "Visual Computing for Medicine" (VCM). Although we concentrate on the medical domain as major application fields, I would like to stress that the research contributions are addressing general problems of image processing and computer graphics. Furthermore, they can be applied to many other application fields. The following five parts structure the content into major stages of the visual computing pipeline, while the chapters focus on the specific contributions to the pipeline stages, mostly in the context of medical application. Part I starts discussing the fundamentals of medical imaging in Chapter 2. Specifically, it gives an overview on the structure of volumetric image datasets in Section 2.1, and describes typical data acquisition modalities, such as Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), and several more (Section 2.2). Since volumetric data is of a discrete nature...

Using Small Molecules to Inhibit an E2A-PBX1:CBP Interaction Involved in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Purvis, Amelia
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 2087428 bytes; application/pdf
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.78%
E2A-PBX1 is expressed as a consequence of a recurring chromosomal translocation seen in 5% of acute lymphoblastic leukemia cases. We recently reported that substitution of a leucine residue (L20A) within the N-terminal transcriptional activation domain (AD1) of E2A-PBX1 markedly impairs binding to the KIX domain of CBP/p300 and, importantly, leukemia induction in a mouse bone marrow transplantation model. Since both the protein-protein interaction and consequent leukemogenesis rely on a focal contact point and might therefore be susceptible to antagonism by small molecules, we devised a cell-free assay based on fluorescence anisotropy (FA) to detect binding of a fluorescently labeled peptide derived from AD1 of E2A-PBX1 (FITC-E2A) with recombinantly expressed KIX domain. The optimized FA assay reveals a dissociation constant of 2 µM for the wild-type interaction and correctly detects disruption of the complex by naphthol AS-E phosphate, a compound previously shown to antagonize KIX binding. The optimized FA assay was used to screen the Prestwick, Spectrum and Chembridge libraries containing 12400 compounds in total. Of the initial 43 positive hits from the libraries, 10 caused a reproducible decrease in FA. Since intrinsic small molecule fluorescence can produce false positive results in the FA-based screen...

Peer Tutors in the School of Medicine; Tutores Pares en la Facultad de Medicina

Isaza Restrepo, Andrés; Quiroga Chand, Alejandro; Roa González, Claudia Natalí; Delgado Vegap, Angélica María; Riveros Pérez, Alba Milena
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/05/2010 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.83%
Since 2003 the School of Medicine at the Universidad del Rosario in Bogotá, Colombia, offers to the students a program named Peer Tutors. The program’s objectives are: to generate a social interaction mechanism that favors knowledge construction side by side with advanced peers; to promote the development of ethical, moral and coexistence oriented values through an academic experience, and to generate a space to explore specific academic interests and teacher´s potential. This article presents the theoretic frame that supports the importance of social interaction in knowledge construction, as well as some indicators that allow a first appraisal of the program. Several achievements that account for the synergic value of an experience that not only fulfills the function of initiating a process of teaching formation and academic support, but that also builds a proactive attitude before learning, are highlighted.; Desde 2003 la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad del Rosario en Bogotá, Colombia, ofrece a los estudiantes el programa denominado Tutores Pares. Los objetivos de esta iniciativa son: generar un mecanismo de interacción para favorecer la construcción de conocimiento al lado de pares más avanzados; propiciar el desarrollo de valores éticos...

Gene-Lifestyle Interaction and Type 2 Diabetes: The EPIC InterAct Case-Cohort Study

Langenberg, Claudia; Sharp, Stephen J.; Franks, Paul W.; Scott, Robert A.; Deloukas, Panos; Forouhi, Nita G.; Froguel, Philippe; Groop, Leif C.; Hansen, Torben; Palla, Luigi; Pedersen, Oluf; Schulze, Matthias B.; Tormo, Maria-Jose; Wheeler, Eleanor; Agnol
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.92%
Background: Understanding of the genetic basis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) has progressed rapidly, but the interactions between common genetic variants and lifestyle risk factors have not been systematically investigated in studies with adequate statistical power. Therefore, we aimed to quantify the combined effects of genetic and lifestyle factors on risk of T2D in order to inform strategies for prevention. Methods and Findings: The InterAct study includes 12,403 incident T2D cases and a representative sub-cohort of 16,154 individuals from a cohort of 340,234 European participants with 3.99 million person-years of follow-up. We studied the combined effects of an additive genetic T2D risk score and modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors using Prentice-weighted Cox regression and random effects meta-analysis methods. The effect of the genetic score was significantly greater in younger individuals (p for interaction = 1.20×10−4). Relative genetic risk (per standard deviation [4.4 risk alleles]) was also larger in participants who were leaner, both in terms of body mass index (p for interaction = 1.50×10−3) and waist circumference (p for interaction = 7.49×10−9). Examination of absolute risks by strata showed the importance of obesity for T2D risk. The 10-y cumulative incidence of T2D rose from 0.25% to 0.89% across extreme quartiles of the genetic score in normal weight individuals...

Consumer response to media information: the case of grapefruit-medicine interaction

Kim, Hyeyoung; House, Lisa A.; Salois, Matthew
Fonte: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Publicador: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/10/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
This study measured the effect of media exposure on grapefruit/grapefruit juice consumption changes, in particular grapefruit-medicine interaction. Respondents’ attitudes about health news on television and the internet were measured to account for consumers exposed versus not exposed to such information. Results of a sample selection model show that consumer attitudes toward health news were significantly related to exposure to media information. Also, news exposure about grapefruit-medicine interaction has a tendency to result in reduced grapefruit consumption. Consumers who are directly affected by the medication interaction significantly react to the news, and the effect varies by age. Even though consumer’s age was positively related to the probability of increased grapefruit consumption, when consumers took the medication, consumer’s age was negatively related to the probability of increased grapefruit consumption.

In Vitro Interaction Between Homocysteine and Copper Ions: Potential Redox Implications

Alvarez Lueje, A.; Olea Azar, Claudio; Speisky, Hernán; López Alarcón, Camilo; Carrasco Pozo, Catalina
Fonte: SOC EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY MEDICINE Publicador: SOC EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY MEDICINE
Tipo: Artículo de revista
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.79%
Homocysteine (Hcys) has been implicated in various oxidative stress–related disorders. The presence of a thiol on its structure allows Hcys to exert a double-edge redox action. Depending on whether Cu2þions occur concomitantly, Hcys can either promote or prevent free radical generation and its consequences. We have addressed in vitro the interaction between Hcys and Cu2þ ions, in terms of the consequences that such interaction may have on the free radical scavenging properties of Hcys and on the redox state and redox activity of the metal. To this end, we investigated the free radical–scavenging, O2 #1;#2;-generating, and ascorbate-oxidizing properties of the interacting species by assessing the bleaching of ABTS#1;þ radicals, the reduction of O2 #1;#2;-dependent cytochrome c, and the copper-dependent oxidation of ascorbate, respectively. In addition, electron paramagnetic resonance and Cu(I)-bathocuproine formation were applied to assess the formation of paramagnetic complexes and the metal redox state. Upon a brief incubation, the Hcys/Cu2þ interaction led to a decrease in the free radical–scavenging properties of Hcys, and to a comparable loss of the thiol density. Both effects were partial and were not modified by increasing the incubation time...

A proposed clinical and biological interpretation of mediated interaction

Ikram, M. Arfan; VanderWeele, Tyler J.
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.81%
Understanding of causal pathways in epidemiology involves the concepts of direct and indirect effects. Recently, causal mediation analysis has been formalized to quantify these direct and indirect effects in the presence of exposure–mediator interaction and even allows for four-way decomposition of the total effect: controlled direct effect, reference interaction, mediated interaction, pure indirect effect. Whereas the other three effects can be intuitively conceptualized, mediated interaction is often considered a nuisance in statistical analysis. In this paper, we focus on mediated interaction and contrast it against pure mediation. We also propose a clinical and biological interpretation of mediated interaction using three hypothetical examples. With these examples we aim to make researchers aware that mediated interaction can actually provide important clinical and biological information.

Guidance for nuclear medicine staff on radiopharmaceuticals drug interaction

Santos-Oliveira, Ralph
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.88%
Diversos casos de interações medicamentosas com radiofármacos ocorrem diariamente na rotina hospitalar, contudo muitos deles não são notificados ou mesmo percebidos. Informações a respeito desse tipo de reação não é abundante e os profissionais da medicina nuclear muitas vezes estão assoberbados por essas informações. De modo a entender esse tipo de reação e auxiliar a medicina nuclear a lidar com essa situação uma revisão da literatura foi realizada. Os resultados mostraram que a totalidade dos radiofármacos comercializados no mundo apresentam interação medicamentosa com uma enorme variedade de outros medicamentos. Dessa forma sugere-se que revisões sobre radiofármacos inclua um capítulo sobre efeitos adversos. Além disso, um esforço mundial para notificar efeitos adversos deve ser realizado, pois somente dessa forma se terá um quadro real da situação referente interações medicamentosas com radiofármacos.; Numerous drug interactions related to radiopharmaceuticals take place every day in hospitals many of which are not reported or detected. Information concerning this kind of reaction is not abundant, and nuclear medicine staff are usually overwhelmed by this information. To better understand this type of reaction...

Ciências humanas e medicina: as contribuições da história para a formação e a prática do médico; Human science and medicine: the contribution of history to medical education and practice

Mota, André; Schraiber, Lilia Blima
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/09/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.88%
Este artigo trata das possíveis contribuições da História para os profissionais e estudantes da Medicina. Incluindo-se no interior do atual debate acerca da importânciado ensino das Humanidades para a formação do futuro médico, identificam-se as particulares contribuições dessa disciplina científica para aprofundar o conhecimento da Medicina como prática ao mesmo tempo técnico-científica e social. Examinando-se em especial a perspectiva do cuidadocomo produto da prática do médico, no exercício de sua profissão, define-se esta noção de cuidado e justifica-se a tomada dos estudos sobre as práticas de saúde para considerar as contribuições da História. Nesse sentido, mostra-se metodologicamente de que modo a História das Práticas de Saúde diferencia-se dos estudos acerca da História das Ciências e também dos estudos de corte memorialista, ainda que guarde relações com ambos. São examinadas três categorias da análise histórica, a saber, as permanências, as rupturas e a circularidade, mostrando-se como se expressam relativamente à abordagem do adoecimentocomo experiência do paciente em interação com a construção da doença com base na nosografia médica, como experiência do médico. Tal construção interativa...