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Gamma radiation effects on microbial inactivation of two medicinal plants

Meneses, Márcia; Antonio, Amilcar L.; Cabo Verde, Sandra
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.52%
The consumption of natural products has become a public health problem, since these medicinal teas are prepared using natural plants without an effective hygienic and sanitary control. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of gamma radiation, on the microbial burden of two medicinal plants: Melissa officinalis and Lippia citriodora. Dried samples of the two plants were irradiated at a Co-60 experimental equipment. The applied gamma radiation doses were 1, 3, and 5 kGy at a dose rate of 1.34 kGy/h. Non-irradiated samples followed all the experiments. Bacterial and fungal counts were assessed before and after irradiation by membrane filtration method. Challenging tests with Escherichia coli were performed in order to evaluate the disinfection efficiency of gamma radiation treatment. Characterization of M. officinalis and L. citriadora microbiota indicated an average bioburden value of 102 CFU/g. The inactivation studies of the bacterial mesophilic population of both dried plants pointed out to a one log reduction of microbial load after irradiation at 5 kGy. Regarding the fungal population, the initial load of 30 CFU/g was only reduced by 0.5 log by an irradiation dose of 5 kGy. The dynamics with radiation doses of plants microbial population’s phenotypes indicated the prevalence of gram-positive rods for M. officinalis before and after irradiation...

Conexão In Silico entre Plantas Medicinais e Animais Venenosos; In silico Connection between Medicinal Plants and Animals Venom

Puga, Renato David
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/04/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.52%
Na grande diversidade de plantas encontrada em todo o mundo, encontram-se as plantas medicinais com propriedades antivenenos. O estudo da relação dessas plantas com venenos de animais contribui muito para o desenvolvimento de novos medicamentos. A quantidade de dados a ser armazenada e a relação dessas informações é um processo que deve ser administrado por um sistema computacional. O desenvolvimento de sistemas de computadores tem se destacado nos últimos anos na Bioinformática e são muito úteis para organizar diferentes tipos de dados e, juntamente, com o uso de gerenciadores de conteúdo, eles contribuem, significantemente, no processo de desenvolvimento de softwares. O presente projeto teve como objetivo o desenvolvimento de um sistema computacional para Web, o qual relaciona dados de plantas medicinais com propriedades antivenenos e de animais venenosos, permitindo a integração dos mesmos, através de diferentes aplicativos de busca. O sistema foi denominado de Venom e está disponível no site http://gbi.fmrp.usp.br/venom/. Foram criadas categorias para a classificação dos dados de plantas e de animais. Essa categorização das informações é muito importante, pois possibilita o relacionamento das mesmas nas buscas por categorias. Os dados...

Avaliação da microbiota fúngica e presença de micotoxinas em amostras de plantas medicinais irradiadas, adquiridas no comércio varejista e atacadista; Evaluation of fungal bioburden and micotoxins presence in irradiated samples of medicinal plants purchased from wholesale and retail market

Aquino, Simone
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/11/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.5%
O presente estudo analisou os efeitos da radiação gama na sobrevivência de fungos em plantas medicinais embaladas, adquiridas do comércio atacadista e varejista, em diferentes períodos (0 e 30 dias) após o tratamento por irradiação. Cinco tipos de plantas medicinais [Peumus boldus, Cameilia sinensis, Maytenus ilicifolia, Pauilinia cupana and Cássia angustifolia), foram coletadas de diferentes municípios do Estado de São Paulo e submetidas ao tratamento por irradiação, utilizando-se uma fonte 60Co (tipo Gammacell 220), com doses de 5,0 kGy e 10 kGy e taxa de dose de 3,0 kGy/h. Amostras não irradiadas (grupo controle) foram usadas na contagem de fungos e diluições seriadas de 10-1 a 10-6 das amostras foram semeadas em duplicata e plaqueadas usando o método de cultura em superfície, em ágar Dicloran Glicerol 18% (DG18) e contadas após cinco dias a 25°C. O grupo controle revelou a presença dos gêneros Aspergilius e Penicillium, os quais são conhecidos como fungos toxigênicos e poucas amostras do grupo controle estavam dentro dos limites seguros, estabelecidos pela Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS, 1998) para plantas medicinais. Em resposta a resistência do tratamento por ionização, na dose de 5 kGy, foi obsen/ado que os gêneros Aspergilius...

Utilização de plantas medicinais e medicamentos no autocuidado no município de Teutônia, RS; Use of medicinal plants and medicines in selfcare in Teutônia city, RS

Schwambach, Karin Hepp
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.61%
Objetivos: descrever a utilização de plantas medicinais e fitoterápicos concomitantemente com outros medicamentos na população do município de Teutônia, RS. Métodos: a pesquisa seguiu um modelo transversal descritivo e o instrumento de coleta de dados foi um questionário semi-estruturado. As entrevistas ocorreram no período de dezembro de 2005 a maio de 2006. As plantas coletadas foram identificadas botanicamente pelo Herbário ICN/UFRGS, do Departamento de Botânica da UFRGS. Resultados e Conclusões: Dos 196 entrevistados 87,2% eram do sexo feminino, com idade média de 44,4+13,86 anos. O uso de plantas medicinais foi relatado por 92,9% dos entrevistados, com média de 4,8+3,7 plantas por pessoa. Para a maioria dos respondentes (74,8%) a informação sobre o uso das plantas medicinais está baseada no conhecimento tradicional, sendo usadas principalmente para tratar sintomas de condições relacionadas ao trato gastrintestinal, ao sistema respiratório ou simplesmente como bebida. 58,6% das plantas medicinais referidas são cultivadas nas moradias dos entrevistados. Quanto à utilização de medicamentos, 37,8% dos entrevistados relataram que utilizam medicamentos sempre, 31,1% quando não se sentem bem e 8,7% somente quando consultam o médico. Das pessoas entrevistadas...

Plantas medicinais numa comunidade rural assentada no municipio de Cordeiropolis-SP : etnofarmacologia e educação; Medicinal plants in a rural community located in Cordeiropolis-SP, Brazil : ethnopharmacology and education

Patricia de Sousa Oliveira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/02/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.54%
A Etnofarmacologia é uma ciência multidisciplinar que estuda a diversidade biológica e cultural através do uso das plantas no tratamento de doenças; junto à Etnobotânica, estuda ainda a relação entre o homem e a flora, procurando esclarecer como a cultura compreende, interpreta e se relaciona às plantas em seu ambiente. O grupo do Laboratório de Produtos Naturais, do IB da Unicamp, tem se dedicado à pesquisa de compostos vegetais com potencial atividade medicinal, selecionados através da etnofarmacologia. Partindo do interesse do grupo em dialogar com a comunidade e a possibilidade de contribuir para a valorização das diferentes formas de conhecimento, os objetivos deste trabalho foram: i) realizar estudo etnofarmacológico de espécies utilizadas como medicinais pela comunidade rural “Assentamento XX de Novembro”, localizada no município de Cordeirópolis-SP; ii) avaliar o modo de gerir saúde e doença em relação aos conhecimentos médicos tradicional e moderno na comunidade; e iii) propor trabalho educativo para uso terapêutico seguro e eficaz da plantas. A pesquisa baseou-se em métodos antropológicos e observação participante, através de entrevistas com 30 informantes não-especialistas da comunidade. As plantas medicinais citadas (105 espécies) pertencem a 43 famílias...

Gamma radiation effects on microbial inactivation of two medicinal plants

Meneses, Márcia; António, Amílcar L.; Cabo Verde, Sandra
Fonte: Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde de Lisboa Publicador: Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde de Lisboa
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /09/2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.52%
The consumption of natural products has become a public health problem, since these medicinal teas are prepared using natural plants without an effective hygienic and sanitary control. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of gamma radiation, on the microbial burden of two medicinal plants: Melissa officinalis and Lippia citriodora. Dried samples of the two plants were irradiated at a Co-60 experimental equipment. The applied gamma radiation doses were 1, 3, and 5 kGy at a dose rate of 1.34 kGy/h. Non-irradiated samples followed all the experiments. Bacterial and fungal counts were assessed before and after irradiation by membrane filtration method. Challenging tests with Escherichia coli were performed in order to evaluate the disinfection efficiency of gamma radiation treatment. Characterization of M. officinalis and L. citriadora microbiota indicated an average bioburden value of 102CFU/g. The inactivation studies of the bacterial mesophilic population of both dried plants pointed out to a one log reduction of microbial load after irradiation at 5 kGy. Regarding the fungal population, the initial load of 30 CFU/g was only reduced by 0.5 log by an irradiation dose of 5 kGy. The dynamics with radiation doses of plants microbial population’s phenotypes indicated the prevalence of gram-positive rods for M. officinalis before and after irradiation...

Medicinal plants: Past and present uses in several communities from the North-eastern Portugal

Carvalho, Ana Maria; Martins, Maria Elisabete; Frazão-Moreira, Amélia
Fonte: XX Symposium of Brazilian Medicinal Plants & X International Congress of Ethnopharmacology Publicador: XX Symposium of Brazilian Medicinal Plants & X International Congress of Ethnopharmacology
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.45%
XX Symposium of Brazilian Medicinal Plants & X International Congress of Ethnopharmacology. S. Paulo, Brasil.; Medicinal plants, past and present related uses emerged from broader studies conducted during several years inside 36 rural communities in Trás-os-Montes. This region, as other areas in the interior of Portugal, has seen socio-economic transformations since the 1960s that have altered landscape management and plant use. The surveys aimed to report traditional plant knowledge and uses (TK). In addition focused on the system of local knowledge on plant resources and prevalent traditional plant use and practices.

Ethnopharmacological survey: a selection strategy to identify medicinal plants for a local phytotherapy program

Pereira,Flávia Liparini; Fernandes,José Martins; Leite,João Paulo Viana
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.56%
Ethnopharmacological studies are important for documenting and protecting cultural and traditional knowledge associated with the medical use of biodiversity. In this paper, we present a survey on medicinal plants used by locals in a community of Nova Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil, as a strategy to select medicinal plants for a phytotherapy-based local healthcare program. Eleven knowledgeable local informants were chosen by snowball sampling and interviewed about the use of medicinal plants. Plant samples were collected, herborised and then identified using traditional techniques and specialised literature. We sampled 107 medicinal plant species belonging to 86 genera and 39 families, predominantly Asteraceae with 16 species. Costus spicatus (Jacq.) Sw, M. pulegium L., Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Ruta graveolens L. were found to have Consensus of Main Use corrected (CMUc) values above 50%, which were in agreement with the traditional uses described by the informants. However, species with CMUc values equal to or above 20%, combined with the scientific information survey, were also used to select medicinal plants for the phytotherapy-based local healthcare program. The selection of medicinal plants based on the CMUc index from this particular community...

Simbologia do uso de plantas medicinais por agricultores familiares descendentes de pomeranos no Sul do Brasil; Symbology of the use of medicinal plants by farmers descendants of Pomeranians in Southern Brazil

DELPINO, Gabriela Barcelos
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Enfermagem e Obstetr??cia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Enfermagem; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Enfermagem e Obstetr??cia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Enfermagem; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.67%
In all ages and cultures man has learned to take advantage of local natural resources, including the use of medicinal plants. Understanding that each culture is composed of a web of meanings that will guide the actions of men in their daily lives, they will assign different meanings to these symbols present in their culture. Therefore, the symbology of the use of medicinal plants is particular in each culture and can have different meanings. This work aimed to investigate the meanings of the use of medicinal plants to the family farmers descendants of Pomeranians living in S??o Louren??o do Sul / RS and know the symbology of the use of medicinal plants in health care from the perspective of these farmers. The research was qualitative, descriptive and exploratory, held in S??o Louren??o do Sul. This study is part of the research "Bioactive plants for human use by families of farmers from ecological base in southern Rio Grande do Sul", developed by the School Nursing, Federal University of Pelotas and Temperate Climate Embrapa. The study included five farming families descendants of Pomeranians, selected from the snowball methodology, proposed by Goodman. The data collection occurred from January to June 2011. The instruments used were semi-structured interviews...

Agricultora no cuidado da fam??lia com uso das plantas medicinais; Farm woman in family care with use of medicinal plants

LIMA, ??ngela Roberta Alves
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Enfermagem e Obstetr??cia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Enfermagem; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Enfermagem e Obstetr??cia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Enfermagem; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.61%
Farm women usually have knowledge on medicinal plants and most recurrent pathologies in their region and use it in care within the family structure and the community. This research aimed to investigate the context faced by farm women in relation to family care with the use of medicinal plants. Methodology consists of an exploratory, descriptive and qualitative study, conducted with a group of farm women, with a total of fifteen informants, residents in the rural area of Pelotas. Data collection occurred from August to October, 2011 and from March to July, 2012. Participant observation, focus groups and individual interviews were used as instruments of data collection. Data were analyzed and grouped into three themes: the ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in homemade preparations. the contextualization of farm women; and care actions with use of medicinal plants. Eighty medicinal plants, eight elixirs, two syrups and six creams were mentioned. Medicinal plants are seen as a resource for female domain that are present in the environment in face of situations of greater or lesser severity. They are considered as the best health resource because they have fewer side effects and lower cost. It was observed that medicinal plants and preparations based in them have an important role in rural families care and can positively contribute to the restoration and/or prevention of various problems acting mostly as a complementary form to allopathy. In respect to nursing...

Preliminary study on the effect of anaerobically digested cow dung slurry on the antimicrobial activity of three medicinal plants

Yongabi, K.; Harris, P.; Lewis, D.; Agho, M.
Fonte: Academic Journals Publicador: Academic Journals
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.5%
The study investigated the effect of anaerobically digested cow dung using polyethylene tube digester on the antimicrobial property of Aloe barbadensis, (Aloe vera) Allium sativum (Garlic) and Zingiber officinale (Ginger). The methanol extracts of the three medicinal plants grown on soil augmented with anaerobically digested cow dung slurry exhibited marked antimicrobial activities on Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Asperigillus niger and Trichophyton mentogrophyte isolated from clinical specimens. All the three medicinal plants grown on digested cow dung slurry exhibited greater mean zones of inhibition on all the pathogens than that grown on soil augmented with undigested cow dung and soil not augmented at all. A. sativum (Garlic) raised on digested cow dung slurry exhibited the highest mean zones of inhibitions with spore germination of the fungi totally inhibited when compared with the two other medicinal plants. The results in this study have shown that anaerobically digested cow dung slurry does not only yield pathogen free manure, increased fertilizer and biogas but can improve the antimicrobial activity of medicinal plants.; K. A. Yongabi, P. L. Harris, D. M. Lewis and M. O. Agho

Conhecimento sobre plantas medicinais entre agricultores de base ecológica da região sul do Rio Grande do Sul; Knowledge about medicinal plants among ecological farmers in Southern Rio Grande do Sul

CEOLIN, Teila
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Enfermagem e Obstetrícia; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Enfermagem e Obstetrícia; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.63%
It is among the family members that spread information about the oral habits and health care, such as the use of medicinal plants. This study aimed to analyze the transmission of knowledge related to medicinal plants among family generations and know the transmission networks of knowledge, involving ecological farmers in Southern Rio Grande do Sul. The study used a qualitative, descriptive and exploratory approach, and was conducted with 8 ecological farming families, totaling 19 respondents residing in the counties of Pelotas, Morro Redondo, Canguçu and Arroio do Padre. Data collection occurred between January and May 2009. Were used as tools a semi-structured interviews, the construction of the genogram and eco-map, observation of plants with photographic record and georeferencing. The data were analyzed and grouped into three themes: an ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants cited by the interviewees; contextualization of farmers in study and the knowledge about medicinal plants in different family groups. Among those interviewed, 16 were women, highlighting their importance in the transmission of knowledge between family generations. The respondents cited 196 medicinal plants, some native of Rio Grande do Sul State and others exotic...

An integrated approach to identification and conservation of medicinal plants in the tropical forest - A Brazilian experience

Di Stasi, Luiz Claudio
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 199-205
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.51%
An integrated and interdisciplinary research programme with native medicinal plants from tropical forests has been performed in order to obtain new forest products for sustainable use in regional markets vis-à-vis ecosystem conservation. For the success of this programme ethnopharmacological studies are very important with respect to (i) identification of useful plants including medicinal and aromatic species; (ii) recuperation and preservation of traditional knowledge about native plants; and (iii) identification of potential plants with economic value. The plants are selected with a view to evaluate efficacy and safety (pharmacological and toxicological studies), and phytochemical profile and quality control (phytochemical and chromatographic characterization). These studies are very important to add value to plant products and also to mitigate unscrupulous exploitation of medicinal plants by local communities, since multiple use of plants represents an excellent strategy for sustaining the tropical ecosystem through ex situ and in situ conservation. Thus, conservation of tropical resources is possible in conjunction with improvements in the quality of life of the traditional communities and production of new products with therapeutic...

Medicinal plants used by "Passo da Ilha" rural community in the city of Pato Branco, southern Brazil

Marchese,José A.; Ming,Lin C.; Franceschi,Lucia de; Camochena,Rubia C.; Gomes,Greice D.R.; Paladini,Marcos V.; Capelin,Diogo; Marchese,Cristine F.
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Ciências Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.54%
The scope of this work was to rescue and document the traditional knowledge regarding the medicinal plants used by Passo da Ilha rural community, in Pato Branco, Paraná State, Southern Brazil (26° 11' S, 52°36' W and 760 m high). Structured interviews were made in field research with 16 informants who had the traditional knowledge about medicinal plants. The research was carried out from October to December 2000. The plants were collected in the field, identified and their vouchers were housed at the Herbarium "Irina Delanova De Gemtchjnicov" (BOTU) of São Paulo State University, in Botucatu. A total of 47 botanical families and 114 species of medicinal plants were identified. These plants ere suitable for ore than 30 different edicinal uses. The residents are mainly of European descent, which justify the presence of many exotic plants. The knowledge on how to use medicinal plants properly is held mainly by the females, and decreases in the newer generations, denoting "cultural erosion" in progress.

Representations and uses of medicinal plants in elderly men

Lima,Silvia Cristina da Silva; Arruda,Guilherme Oliveira de; Renovato,Rogério Dias; Alvarenga,Márcia Regina Martins
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.52%
The aim of this study was to know and understand the representations and use of medicinal plants by elderly men assisted in the Family Health Strategies of Dourados, MS. Participated in this study, 18 elderly men aged over 60 years, using four or more medications. The research was conducted with qualitative approach. The results showed that there is still the consumption of medicinal plants among the elderly, especially in the treatment of minor harm. The representations about the plants seem anchored in the concept of safety; they are natural and few side effects. Its use is made concurrently with the manufactured medicines without regard to risk of interactions. Older men use medicinal plants, without however reporting to health professionals. Therefore, it is necessary continuing education focused on phytotherapy health team and nursing, contributing to safe and effective use of medicinal plants.

Ethnopharmacological survey: a selection strategy to identify medicinal plants for a local phytotherapy program

Pereira, Flávia Liparini; Fernandes, José Martins; Leite, João Paulo Viana
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.57%
Ethnopharmacological studies are important for documenting and protecting cultural and traditional knowledge associated with the medical use of biodiversity. In this paper, we present a survey on medicinal plants used by locals in a community of Nova Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil, as a strategy to select medicinal plants for a phytotherapy-based local healthcare program. Eleven knowledgeable local informants were chosen by snowball sampling and interviewed about the use of medicinal plants. Plant samples were collected, herborised and then identified using traditional techniques and specialised literature. We sampled 107 medicinal plant species belonging to 86 genera and 39 families, predominantly Asteraceae with 16 species. Costus spicatus (Jacq.) Sw, M. pulegium L., Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Ruta graveolens L. were found to have Consensus of Main Use corrected (CMUc) values above 50%, which were in agreement with the traditional uses described by the informants. However, species with CMUc values equal to or above 20%, combined with the scientific information survey, were also used to select medicinal plants for the phytotherapy-based local healthcare program. The selection of medicinal plants based on the CMUc index from this particular community...

A Study of Religion, Culture, and Medicinal Plants of Three South American Indigenous Groups

Childs, Daniel
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.58%
Peter G. Roe; This project is focused around an inventory of medicinal plants which I compiled after conducting ethnobotanical fieldwork with three South American indigenous populations. These groups were the Shipibo Indians, of the Peruvian monta??a, the Atacame??o Indians, native to the Chilean Atacama Desert, and the Mapuche Indians, inhabitants of the temperate valleys of southern Chile. This information is critical during a time when both the habitats and cultures of indigenous peoples are disappearing at an alarming rate. While the efficacy of indigenous medicinal plant use has just recently begun to receive recognition by the Western scientific community, these individuals have known the therapeutic worth of the phytochemicals for millennia. In order to depict this information that I collected as knowledge passed down from for thousands of years, I have decided to mainly focus on the traditional histories of these groups, supplementing information from modern times by drawing on what I saw during my time conducting research with them. In order to do this, I describe the natural origins of these biomes, and how the indigenous peoples existed in the biomes in both in pre- and post-Columbian times. Furthermore, traditional religious practices also necessitate discussion when talking about tribal use of medicinal plants. Therefore...

Plantas medicinais utilizadas pela população atendida no "Programa de Saúde da Família", Governador Valadares, MG, Brasil; Medicinal plants used by the population assisted by the "Programa de Saúde da Família" (Family Health Program) in Governador Valadares County - MG, Brazil

Brasileiro, Beatriz Gonçalves; Pizziolo, Virginia Ramos; Matos, Danilo Santos; Germano, Ana Maria; Jamal, Claudia Masrouah
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.52%
This study was conducted to evaluate the use of medicinal plants by the population assisted by the "Programa de Saúde da Família" in Governador Valadares -MG, in order to rescue, preserve and use this knowledge in works carried out with the community. The preestablished questionnaire methodology was used. Those questionnaires were applied by the Family Health Agents. The study was accomplished in 27 residential quarters, as being applied 2454 questionnaires, and 232 plants were mentioned as medicinal ones by the interviewed population. The main indications for using the medicinal plants were: as sedative (10%), against influenza (18%) and infections (9%). Most plants under use are prepared as tea (78%) and are obtained in own cropping (57%). In general, the knowledge on the use and preparation of the medicinal plants proceeded from their relatives (67%). Most mentioned and popularly used species have pharmacological activity already proven in the literature. However, this population needs a correct orientation on their cropping and therapeutic use.; Este trabalho teve como objetivo realizar um estudo sobre a utilização de plantas medicinais pela população atendida no Programa de Saúde da Família em Governador Valadares, Estado de Minas Gerais...

Representações e usos de plantas medicinais por homens idosos; Representaciones y usos de las plantas medicinales en mayores; Representations and uses of medicinal plants in elderly men

Lima, Silvia Cristina da Silva; Arruda, Guilherme Oliveira de; Renovato, Rogério Dias; Alvarenga, Márcia Regina Martins
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2012 ENG; POR; SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.52%
Objetivou-se, neste estudo, conhecer e compreender as representações sobre o uso de plantas medicinais por homens idosos, assistidos em Estratégias de Saúde da Família de Dourados, MS. Participaram deste estudo 18 homens idosos com idade igual ou superior a 60 anos, fazendo uso de quatro ou mais medicamentos. Trata-se de pesquisa qualitativa, descritiva e exploratória. Os resultados apontaram que ainda existe o consumo de plantas medicinais entre os idosos, principalmente no tratamento de morbidades menores. As representações sobre as plantas medicinais parecem ancoradas na concepção de segurança, ou seja, são naturais e apresentam poucos efeitos colaterais. Seu uso é feito concomitantemente com os medicamentos industrializados, sem atentar para os riscos das interações. Os homens idosos utilizam as plantas medicinais sem, no entanto, relatar aos profissionais de saúde. Logo, faz-se necessária a educação permanente da equipe de saúde e da enfermagem, voltada para a fitoterapia, visando contribuir para o uso seguro e eficaz das plantas medicinais.; El objetivo de este estudio fue conocer y comprender las representaciones y el uso de plantas medicinales por los mayores asistidos en Estrategias de Salud de la Familia de Dourados/MS. Participaron de ese estudio 18 hombres de edad con edad igual o superior a 60 años...

A comparison of the chemical constituents of Barbadian medicinal plants within their respective plant families with established drug compounds and phytochemicals used to treat communicable and non-communicable diseases

Cohall,D; Carrington,S
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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OBJECTIVE: Barbados has a strong base in the practice of folklore botanical medicines. Consistent with the rest of the Caribbean region, the practice is criticized due to lack of evidence on the efficacy and safety testing. The objectives of this review article are i) to categorize and identify plants by their possible indications and their scientific classification and ii) to determine if the chemical constituents of the plants will be able to provide some insight into their possible uses in folklore medicine based on existing scientific research on their chemical constituents and also by their classification. METHOD: A review of the folklore botanical medicines of Barbados was done. Plants were primarily grouped based on their use to treat particular communicable and non-communicable diseases. Plants were then secondarily grouped based on their families. The chemical profiles of the plants were then compared to established drug compounds currently approved for the conventional treatment of illnesses and also to established phytochemicals. RESULTS: The extensive literature review identified phytochemical compounds in particular plants used in Barbadian folklore medicine. Sixty-six per cent of reputed medicinal plants contain pharmacologically active phytochemicals; fifty-one per cent of these medicinal plants contain phytochemicals with activities consistent with their reported use. CONCLUSION: Folklore botanical medicine is well grounded on investigation of the scientific rationale. The research showed that fifty-one per cent of the identified medicinal plants have chemical compounds which have been identified to be responsible for its associated medicinal activity. To a lesser extent...