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Oral lesions in 166 patients with cutaneous psoriasis: A controlled study

COSTA, Soraya C.; HIROTA, Silvio K.; TAKAHASHI, Maria Denise F.; ANDRADE JR., Heitor; MIGLIARI, Dante A.
Fonte: MEDICINA ORAL S L Publicador: MEDICINA ORAL S L
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Objectives. This study was aimed to test if the frequency of oral lesions bears statistical correlation or not with the condition of cutaneous psoriasis. Study design. Two groups were examined, one made up of 166 patients with skin psoriasis and the other with the same number of individuals with a negative history of skin diseases (control group), matched by age, race, and sex. Patients with psoriasis were grouped according to their having localized or generalized forms of the disease. The oral mucosa was thoroughly examined in both groups. Data were analyzed using chi-square test, Fisher`s test, the odds ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI), and the Ryan-Holm step-down Bonferroni procedure. The overall significance was set at P <= 0.05. Results. The oral lesions significantly associated with psoriasis were fissured tongue (FT, OR=2.7; 95% CI: 1.3-5.6), and geographic tongue (GT, OR=5.0; 95% CI: 1.5-16.8). Other factors analyzed, such as topical and/or systemic medication for treatment of psoriasis versus nontreated patients, and localized versus generalized forms of psoriasis presented no statistical association with the frequency of FT or GT lesions (P > 0.05). Conclusions. Patients with psoriasis presented no specific oral lesion different from those seen in the control group. Although further investigation is warranted to establish whether or not either FT or GT can be characterized as an oral expression of psoriasis...

Leprosy-specific oral lesions: A report of three cases

MOTTA, Ana Carolina F.; KOMESU, Marilena C.; SILVA, Claudia Helena Lovato; ARRUDA, Darlene; SIMAO, Joao Carlos Lopes; ZENHA, Erika Muller Ramalho; FURINI, Renata Bazan; FOSS, Norma T.
Fonte: MEDICINA ORAL S L Publicador: MEDICINA ORAL S L
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Leprosy is a chronic infection caused by Mycobacterium leprae, a bacillus that presents a peculiar tropism for the skin and peripheral nerves. The clinical spectrum of leprosy ranges from the tuberculoid form (TT) to the disseminative and progressive lepromatous form (LL). Oral lesions are rare but, when present, occur in the lepromatous form. This article describes the clinical and microscopic findings of three cases of LL with oral manifestations. All patients had the lepromatous form and their leprosy-specific oral lesions occurred in the palate. The diagnosis was based on clinical, serological and histopathological findings, and multidrug therapy for multibacillary leprosy was started and continued for 24 months. All patients completed treatment, but developed reaction episodes which were treated with prednisone and/or thalidomide. The authors emphasize the importance of oral mucosa evaluation by a dental health professional during patient care since oral lesions may act as a source of infection.; CNPq Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico

Oral lesions in HIV infected individuals from Ribeirao Preto, Brazil

LOURENCO, Alan Grupioni; FIGUEIREDO, Luiz Tadeu Moraes
Fonte: MEDICINA ORAL S L Publicador: MEDICINA ORAL S L
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Objectives: The aim of this study was to diagnosis oral lesions related to HIV infection in individuals followed in the General Hospital of the School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. The presence of oral lesions was correlated with gender, age, smoking habit, levels of CD4 lymphocytes, HIV load, time of HIV seropositivity, AIDS condition, use of removable dental prosthesis, and use of HAART. Materials and Methods: 340 HIV infected individuals were selected for this study, all participants of the study were examined by only one practiced dentist which performed anamnesis, peribuccal and oral examination. Results: Oral lesions were observed in 113 of 340 (33.2%) HIV infected individuals. These oral lesions included: oral candidiasis (17.7%) of pseudomembranous (10.8%) and of erythematous types (6.9%), angular cheilitis (13.9%), hairy leukoplakia (11.8%), and oral ulcers (2.1%). Oral candidiasis lesions were more frequently observed in women (p. 033). Smoking addict participants presented a high frequency of tongue hairy leukoplakia (p. 038) and a reduced frequency of oral ulcers (p. 018). Hairy leukoplakia and pseudomembranous candidiasis were inversely correlated to CD4+ L levels and directly correlated with HIV load...

Comparative analysis of cell proliferation ratio in oral lichen planus, epithelial dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma

de Sousa, Fernando-Augusto-Cervantes-Garcia; Paradella, Thais-Cachute; Carvalho, Yasmin-Rodarte; Rosa, Luiz-Eduardo-Blumer
Fonte: Medicina Oral S L Publicador: Medicina Oral S L
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: E563-E567
ENG
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Background: Although oral lichen planus has been classified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a potentially malignant disorder, such classification is still the target of much controversy. Aim: To evaluate the cell proliferation rate in oral lichen planus, comparing it to the rate observed in epithelial dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma, aiming at indications which might indicate the potential for malignant transformation. Material and Methods: Twenty-four cases of each lesion were submitted to the streptoavidin-biotin and AgNOR technique to evaluate the immunohistochemical expression of PCNA and the mean NORs/ nucleus, respectively. Results: Positivity for PCNA was observed in 58.33% of oral lichen planus cases, 83.33% of epithelial dysplasia cases and 91.67% of oral squamous cell carcinoma cases. Chi-squared test showed that the number of positive cases for PCNA was significantly lower in oral lichen planus than in oral squamous cell carcinoma (p<0.05). No significant statistical difference between oral lichen planus and epithelial dysplasia (p>0.05) and between the epithelial dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma (p>0.05) was observed. The mean NORs/ nucleus in oral lichen planus, epithelial dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma were 1.74 +/- 0.32...

TWIST and p-Akt immunoexpression in normal oral epithelium, oral dysplasia and in oral squamous cell carcinoma

Silva, Brunno Santos de Freitas; Yamamoto, Fernanda-Paula; Pontes, Flavia Sirotheau Corrêa; Cury, Sérgio Elias Vieira; Fonseca, Felipe-Paiva; Pontes, Helder Antonio Rebêlo; Júnior, Décio dos Santos Pinto
Fonte: MEDICINA ORAL S L; VALENCIA Publicador: MEDICINA ORAL S L; VALENCIA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunoexpression of TWIST and p-Akt proteins in oral leukoplakia (OL) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), correlating their expressions with the histological features of the lesions. Study design: Immunohistochemical studies were carried out on 10 normal oral epithelium, 30 OL and 20 OSCC formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples. Immunoperoxidase reactions for TWIST and p-Akt proteins were applied on the specimens and the positivity of the reactions was calculated for 1000 epithelial cells. Results: Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's post tests revealed a significant difference in TWIST and p-Akt immunoexpression among normal oral mucosa, OL and OSCC. In addition, a significant positive correlation was found between TWIST and p-Akt expressions according to the Pearson's correlation test. Conclusions: The results obtained in the current study suggest that TWIST and p-Akt may participate of the multi-step process of oral carcinogenesis since its early stages.

Malignancy Risk Models for Oral Lesions

Zarate, Ana-María; Brezzo, María-Magdalena; Secchi, Dante-Gustavo; Barra, Jose Luis; Brunotto, Mabel Noemí
Fonte: Medicina Oral S L Publicador: Medicina Oral S L
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
ENG
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Abstract Objectives: The aim of this work was to assess risk habits, clinical and cellular phenotypes and TP53 DNA changes in oral mucosa samples from patients with Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders (OPMD), in order to create models that enable genotypic and phenotypic patterns to be obtained that determine the risk of lesions becoming malignant. Study Design: Clinical phenotypes, family history of cancer and risk habits were collected in clinical histories. TP53 gene mutation and morphometric-morphological features were studied, and multivariate models were applied. Three groups were estabished: a) oral cancer (OC) group (n=10), b) OPMD group (n=10), and c) control group (n=8). Results: An average of 50% of patients with malignancy were found to have smoking and drinking habits. A high percentage of TP53 mutations were observed in OC (30%) and OPMD (average 20%) lesions (p=0.000). The majority of these mutations were GC → TA transversion mutations (60%). However, patients with OC presented mutations in all the exons and introns studied. Highest diagnostic accuracy (p=0.0001) was observed when incorporating alcohol and tobacco habits variables with TP53 mutations. Conclusions: Our results prove to be statistically reliable...

Estudio de la eficacia analgésica del Dexketoprofeno Trometamol 25 mg. vs. Ibuprofeno 600 mg. tras su administración oral en pacientes sometidos a una intervención quirúrgica oral

Jiménez Martínez,Esther; Gasco García,Carmen; Arrieta Blanco,Juan José; Gómez del Torno,Javier; Bartolome Villar,Begoña
Fonte: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Ed. impresa) Publicador: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Ed. impresa)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2004 SPA
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-Objetivos: Comparar la eficacia analgésica de dos antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES), pertenecientes a la familia de los ácidos propiónicos, tras intervenciones quirúrgicas orales con el fin de valorar cual de ellos es más efectivo con el mínimo de efectos secundarios y la menor dosis. Normalmente el dolor tras una intervención quirúrgica oral está considerado como moderado-intenso, siendo los AINES los fármacos de elección para este tipo de dolor. Como sabemos, el gran problema de estos fármacos reside en los efectos indeseables. Demostramos la eficacia del enantiómero-S(+) de estos fármacos ya que de ellos depende la analgesia y nos permiten utilizar una menor dosis del fármaco. -Diseño: Se entregan a los pacientes cuestionarios con tablas de valoración del dolor y se realizan distintas apreciaciones: dolor postquirúrgico, dolor en la primera hora tras la administración del analgésico, inflamación, hemorragia, hematoma, etc... . Valoramos el efecto de los distintos fármacos empleados en el estudio en función de las coordenadas eficacia-tiempo, así como el efecto anti-inflamatorio y sus efectos secundarios. -Resultados: Se comprueba que existe un dolor moderado tras una intervención quirúrgica oral...

Aplicaciones de la citologia oral por raspado (exfoliativa) en el cáncer y precáncer oral

Acha,Amelia; Ruesga,María T.; Rodríguez,María J.; Martínez de Pancorbo,María A.; Aguirre,José M.
Fonte: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Ed. impresa) Publicador: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Ed. impresa)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2005 SPA
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La citología por raspado es un procedimiento simple e incruento que ha sido objeto de controversia sobre su validez real en patología oral. En los últimos tiempos ha resurgido en base a su aplicación en el precáncer y el cáncer oral, tanto como metodología diagnóstica como predictiva y para la monitorización de los pacientes. Se han desarrollado nuevas técnicas sobre aspectos diagnósticos, como la aplicación "brush biopsy", y múltiples estudios moleculares sobre las células recogidas. En esta revisión analizamos los aspectos más novedosos en relación con las aplicaciones de la citología por raspado o exfoliativa en la patología oral cancerosa y precancerosa, dirigida de un modo especial a los estudios moleculares y sus implicaciones diagnósticas y pronósticas.

Epidemiología de la patología de la mucosa oral más frecuente en niños

Rioboo Crespo,Mº del Rosario; Planells del Pozo,Paloma; Rioboo García,Rafael
Fonte: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Ed. impresa) Publicador: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Ed. impresa)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2005 SPA
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El odontólogo responsable de tratar al niño debe tener en cuenta la posibilidad de encontrar cualquier condición patológica a nivel de la mucosa oral sobre todo a edades tempranas. Por ello, hemos tratado de aunar en nuestro estudio tanto la información más actualizada como nuestra propia experiencia para intentar ofrecer los datos de mayor interés, desde el punto de vista epidemiológico, que nos permita diagnosticar la patología de la mucosa oral más frecuente en la población infantil. Los estudios epidemiológicos realizados estos últimos años han mostrado la dispar apreciación de los diferentes investigadores y una gran variabilidad en las prevalencias de las lesiones mucosas orales en las diferentes zonas del mundo. Tanto lo expuesto con anterioridad como la falta de uniformidad en los criterios de elaboración de los estudios epidemiológicos explica que el porcentaje de las lesiones orales observadas en los diferentes grupos de niños estudiados nos ofrezcan una gran variabilidad con porcentajes comprendidos entre el 4,1% y 52,6%. Las lesiones que más frecuentemente han sido tenidas en cuenta por los diferentes autores y que más aparecen en los diferentes estudios son: la estomatitis aftosa recurrente, el herpes labial...

Oral myiasis: A case report

Abdo,Evandro Neves; Sette-Dias,Ausgusto César; Comunian,Cláudio Rômulo; Dutra,Carlos Eduardo Assis; Aguiar,Evandro Guimarães de
Fonte: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet) Publicador: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2006 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
Oral Myiasis is a rare pathology in humans and is associated with poor oral hygiene, alcoholism, senility, supuranting lesions, severe halitosis and others conditions. The treatment is a mechanical removal of the maggots one by one but a systemic treatment with Ivermectin, a semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic, have been used for treatment for oral myiasis. We present a case report of a 32-year-old man indigent, alcohol-dependent with an extensive necrotic area and acute swelling in upper lip and fetid odor. The patient’s manegement included topic use of gencian violet, oral therapy with ivermectin (6 mg orally), surgical exploration to remove the larvae and necrotic tissue. After the complete larvae removal the swelling and the wounds were healing normally, the patients was referred to plastic surgery to repair tissue damage. The prevention of human myiasis is by education, but unfortunately in the developing countries some people live in low social condition, predisposing the occurrence of the infestation.

Profilaxis antibiótica en Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial

Salmerón Escobar,Jose Ignacio; Amo Fernández de Velasco,Alvaro del
Fonte: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet) Publicador: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2006 SPA
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55.95%
La profilaxis antibiótica en cirugía oral y maxilofacial tiene como fin la prevención de la infección en la herida quirúrgica, ya sea por las características de la cirugía o por el estado general del paciente. Este riesgo se incrementa cuanto más se contamine el campo quirúrgico, siendo necesario realizar tratamiento profiláctico de la infección en cirugías limpias-contaminadas y contaminadas y tratamiento de la infección en cirugías sucias. Además, una adecuada técnica quirúrgica colabora con la reducción de la aparición de infección postquirúrgica. La antibioterapia de elección varía entre derivados de la penicilina con inhibidores de las betalactamasas (amoxicilina-clavulánico, ampicilina-sulbactam), cefalosporinas de segunda o tercera generación, quinolonas o clindamicina. La indicación de su uso variará en función del tipo de cirugía en cada ámbito de la cirugía oral y maxilofacial, según el grado de contaminación de la misma. De este modo en cirugía oral y en patología de glándulas salivares la literatura parece demostrar que no hay mejor pronóstico en cuanto al uso de antibioterapia profiláctica respecto a no usarla en pacientes sanos. En traumatología se justifica en fracturas compuestas o con comunicación con senos paranasales. En cirugía ortognática hay discrepancia en cuanto al criterio de empleo de profilaxis antibiótica...

Attitude towards oral biopsy among general dentists in Murcia

López Jornet,Pía; Velandrino Nicolás,Antonio; Martínez Beneyto,Yolanda; Fernández Soria,Mercedes
Fonte: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet) Publicador: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2007 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.95%
Objective: The present study explores the attitude of general dentists towards oral biopsy as a diagnostic method in application to oral lesions. Material and methods: A questionnaire was administered by mail to 520 general dentists in the Autonomous Community of Murcia (Spain), addressing a number of items: sociodemographic parameters, years of professional experience, the diagnosis of mucosal lesions, the performance of oral biopsies, and their histopathological evaluation. Results: The global response rate was 32.7% (55.9% for males and 43.5% for females), with a global mean age of 35.9 years. Of note is the fact that the group with least professional experience did not include oral biopsy as diagnostic procedure, with statistically significant differences versus the other groups of experience (p=0.048) Conclusion: The assimilation of oral biopsy as a diagnostic procedure is seen to increase with the number of years of professional experience.

Oral rehabilitation with the new SG® attachment in a patient treated for oral squamous cell carcinoma

Senent,Gisela; Barjau,Ignacio; Silvestre,F. Javier
Fonte: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet) Publicador: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2007 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.95%
In patients who have undergone surgery and radiotherapy for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), the posterior oral rehabilitation may prove complex. In addition to the defects produced by surgical ablation of the primary tumor, radiotherapy induces deleterious effects upon the oral tissues. We present the case of a 48-year-old male treated two years before due to OSCC in the retromolar trigone and left lateral wall of the oropharynx. Following study of the case with clinical examination and orthopantomography, a management plan was defined involving rehabilitation of the upper dental arch with fixed ceramometallic prostheses, while in the lower arch we chose a unilateral removable prosthesis adapted to a fixed prosthesis by means of a special and versatile attachment based on a new system that functions as a fixed element but which can be removed or changed at some later date. The present clinical case illustrates this type of prosthodontic solution for the management of oncological patients of this kind.

Oral aphthous-like ulceration due to tiotropium bromide

Vucicevic Boras,Vanja; Savage,Neil; Mohamad Zaini,Zuraiza
Fonte: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet) Publicador: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/05/2007 ENG
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Unwanted side-effects of a drug therapy are well known to oral medicine specialists and other colleagues. Usually they manifest itself as dry mouth, taste disturbances, various allergic or toxic reactions on the lips and/or in the oral cavity. However, the list of the drugs which might induce unwanted reactions is everyday becoming longer as more and more drugs are introduced on the market. Certain problems when diagnosing and reporting unwanted side effects of the drugs exist as only accurate method of diagnosis is repeated drug use in controlled clinical setting where fatal consequences due to the anaphilactic shock could be avoided. We report a side effect reaction to tiotropium bromide (Spiriva®) cap used with HandiHaler manifesting itself as an oral ulceration in a 65 yrs old male. On the third day of drug intake the patient developed oral ulceration two times in a period of few months. Other medications he has been using for several years. To our knowledge this is a first report as an oral side-effect of this drug used for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

A boy with oral hair: Case report

Agha-Hosseini,Farzaneh; Etesam,Farideh; Rohani,Bita
Fonte: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet) Publicador: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2007 ENG
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In personal communication we have never seen or heard of hair being detected in the oral cavity. Even Julia Pastrana, the famous "Bearded Lady" of the 1800’s, had no record of oral hair, although her entire body was covered with hair. Extensive records of her oral condition, including plaster models of her teeth have been preserved in the Odontological Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons in London city. She suffered from excessive gingival hyperplasia, but apparently no hair existed within the mouth. Some rodents have oral hair as a normal occurrence, but the condition is apparently limited in the animal kingdom. A case of hair occurring naturally in the mouth has been reported only twice previously. A third case of this rare anomaly is reported here. In this case, multiple hairs were found at the gingival sulcus in the labial, buccal, lingual and palatal tooth surfaces in an 11-year-old boy.

Classic Kaposi’s sarcoma presenting in the oral cavity of two HIV-negative Quechua patients

Mohanna,Salim; Bravo,Francisco; Ferrufino,Juan Carlos; Sanchez,Juvenal; Gotuzzo,Eduardo
Fonte: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet) Publicador: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2007 ENG
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Traditionally, classic KS lesions have a general distribution, often involving the skin of the feet and legs, and to a lesser extent, that of the hands, arms, and trunk. Oral involvement is a rare manifestation. Initial oral involvement is an even rarer occurrence. We report two unusual cases of classic KS presenting in the oral cavity of two patients from indigenous origin; the first patient with primary oral KS lesion on the hard palate, with no other signs of the condition in any other region of the body; the second patient with generalized dermal KS lesions with lymph node and lower lip involvement. In conclusion, clinicians and pathologists should be aware of the typical clinical, gross, and histologic features of KS. Moreover, we would like to emphasize that oral KS may affect patients without AIDS or exposure to immunosuppression. The awareness of oral classic KS as a diagnostic possibility is important in the work-up of vascular lesions in the oral cavity of non-immunosuppressed individuals.

Oral melanoacanthoma and oral melanotic macule: a report of 8 cases, review of the literature, and immunohistochemical analysis

Carlos-Bregni,Román; Contreras,Elisa; Netto,Ana Carolina; Mosqueda-Taylor,Adalberto; Vargas,Pablo Agustin; Jorge,Jacks; León,Jorge Esquiche; Almeida,Oslei Paes de
Fonte: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet) Publicador: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2007 ENG
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55.97%
Oral melanoacanthoma (MA) is a rare, benign pigmented lesion, similar to cutaneous MA, characterized by hyperplasia of spinous keratinocytes and dendritic melanocytes. The pathogenesis of oral MA remains uncertain, although its clinical behavior is suggestive of a reactive origin. The most common intraoral sites are the buccal mucosa, lip, palate and gingiva. The average age of presentation is 28 years, mainly in blacks, with a strong female predilection. The oral melanotic macule (MM) is a small, well-circumscribed brown-to-black macule that occurs on the lips and mucous membranes. The etiology is not clear and it may represent a physiologic or reactive process. The average age of presentation is 43 years, with a female predilection. A biopsy is recommended to distinguish these lesions from each other and from other oral melanocytic lesions. We depict four cases each of oral MA and MM, affecting Caucasian and Latin American mestizo patients. The clinicopathological features of these cases reflect its ample spectrum, and to the best of our knowledge, it is the first example of oral MA affecting a Caucasian boy reported in the English literature. Therefore oral MA and MM should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pigmented lesions in the oral mucosa in these populations.

Impact of public preventive programmes on oral quality of life of 11 to 12-yr-old school students

Hita Iglesias,Cristina; Prados Atienza,María Belén; Bravo,Manuel; Prados Sánchez,Estrella; Muñoz Soto,Esther; González Rodríguez,María Paloma
Fonte: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet) Publicador: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2007 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.95%
Objectives: The objective was to analyze the impact of preventive programmes on oral quality of life in school students aged 11-12 yrs. Study design: In the school year 1996/97, a quasi-experimental study was initiated in Granada province with four groups of students aged 6-7 yrs: Sealant + Fluoride (sealants on first permanent molars applied in the health centre for a 3-yr active programme, and fluoride varnish applied every four months for 3 yrs, n=65), Sealant (only sealants, n=80), Fluoride (only fluoride varnish, n=107) and Control group (n=59). All students were examined every 6 months at school during the 3-yr active programme and received an oral health report after each examination. At 5.5 yrs (school year 2002/03), after 2.5 yrs with no programme, students were again examined and completed a questionnaire on oral quality of life scored from -6 (minimum) to +6 (maximum). Results: Oral quality of life values (± standard deviation) were: 3.31±0.30 (Sealant + Fluoride), 3.11±0.27 (Sealant), 3.18±0.23 (Fluoride) and 2.95±0.32 (Control), with no statistically significant differences among them. Conclusions: Fissure sealant and fluoride varnish programmes had no significant influence on oral quality of life after a 5.5- yr follow-up (3 yrs of active programme plus 2.5 yrs of discontinuation).

Oral non-squamous malignant tumors: diagnosis and treatment

van der Waal,Rutger; van der Waal,Isaäc
Fonte: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet) Publicador: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/11/2007 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.95%
Some 90% of oral cancers consist of squamous cell carcinomas that arise from the oral mucosa. The remaining 10% of malignancies consist of malignant melanomas, carcinomas of the intraoral salivary glands, sarcomas of the soft tissues and the bones, malignant odontogenic tumors, non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas and metastases from primary tumors located elsewhere in the body. These malignancies will be briefly reviewed and discussed. The emphasis is on diagnosis and management.

Oral biopsy in dental practice

Mota-Ramírez,Amparo; Silvestre,Francisco Javier; Simó,Juan Manuel
Fonte: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet) Publicador: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/11/2007 ENG
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The conclusions drawn from the study of an oral biopsy are considered essential for the definitive diagnosis of diseases of the oral mucosa, and for the subsequent planning of appropriate treatment. Although the obtainment of biopsies is widely used in all medical fields, the practice is not so widespread in dental practice - fundamentally because of a lack of awareness of the procedure among dental professionals. In this context, it must be taken into account that the early diagnosis of invasive oral malignancy may be critical for improving the patient prognosis. However, in some cases the results are adversely affected by incorrect manipulation of the biopsy material. The present study provides an update on the different biopsy sampling techniques and their application. Such familiarization in turn will contribute to knowledge of the material and instruments required for correct biopsy performance in dentistry, as well as of the material required for correct sample storage and transport.