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Assistência psicológica ao estudante de medicina: 21 anos de experiência; Psychological assistance to medical students: 21 years of experience

MILLAN, Luiz Roberto; ARRUDA, Paulo Corrêa Vaz de
Fonte: Associação Médica Brasileira Publicador: Associação Médica Brasileira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
Este artigo tem como objetivo relatar a experiência de 21 anos do Grupo de Assistência Psicológica ao Aluno da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (GRAPAL). Inicialmente, é apresentada, de forma sucinta, uma introdução acerca do histórico da assistência psicológica ao estudante de medicina, seguida da criação do GRAPAL, em 1983, e do início de suas atividades, em 1986. São apresentados os principais motivos da procura psicológica pelos alunos, os obstáculos encontrados por parte da instituição, da equipe de trabalho e dos alunos. A seguir, são apresentados alguns trabalhos publicados pelo serviço, que abordam a personalidade do aluno de medicina, a escolha da profissão e o problema do suicídio. Finalmente, são apresentadas sugestões feitas pelos alunos para o aperfeiçoamento dos atendimentos e as providências tomadas pela equipe do GRAPAL para alcançar a realização destas sugestões.; The purpose of this article is to report on the 21-year experience of the Group of Psychological Assistance to Students at the School of Medicine of the São Paulo University (GRAPAL). First, the authors briefly introduce historical aspects of the psychological assistance provided to medical students, followed by the organization of GRAPAL in 1983 and the beginning of activities in 1986. Major reasons for medical students to seek psychological assistance...

Percepção e avaliação dos alunos do curso de medicina de uma escola médica pública sobre a importância do estágio em saúde da família na sua formação; Perception and evaluation of medical students of a public medical school regarding the importance of training in family health in their education

Campos, Maria Angelica de Figueiredo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/10/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
Introdução: Na Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo (FMRP-USP), o ensino no internato da Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) com enfoque em medicina de família iniciou-se em 1997. São promovidas a integração do aluno com a equipe de Programa de Saúde da Família (PSF) e a participação na rotina da equipe por meio dos grupos de educação em saúde, reuniões de equipe, visitas domiciliares, discussões de casos individuais e de família. O cuidado médico é realizado na consulta individual e no seguimento das famílias, sendo enfatizadas a prevenção e a promoção da saúde e a avaliação do paciente buscando a assistência integral. São poucos os estudos sobre a percepção dos alunos sobre a vivência nos estágios em saúde da família. Objetivos: Avaliar a percepção dos alunos do 5° ano de medicina do Curso de Medicina da FMRP-USP quanto à contribuição do estágio em Saúde da Família na formação em atenção primária. Metodologia: Os sujeitos do estudo foram alunos do 5º ano do Curso de Medicina da FMRP no ano de 2005, cuja idade médica foi 23 anos e dos quais 58,3% eram do sexo masculino. A esses alunos foi aplicado questionário estruturado antes e após o estágio. O questionário incluiu itens sobre dados pessoais...

Avaliação da percepção do ambiente de ensino e sua relação com a qualidade de vida em estudantes de medicina; Assessment of learning environment perception and its relationship to quality of life in medical students

Enns, Sylvia Claassen
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/11/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
INTRODUÇÃO: O ambiente de ensino da faculdade de medicina influencia a aprendizagem e o bem-estar dos estudantes. O objetivo do nosso estudo foi avaliar a percepção do ambiente de ensino e sua associação com a qualidade de vida de estudantes de 22 escolas médicas brasileiras. MÉTODOS: Este é um estudo multicêntrico, com coleta de dados em uma plataforma eletrônica (plataforma VERAS), no qual foram utilizados os questionários: DREEM (Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure) para avaliação da percepção do ambiente de ensino e VERAS-Q, WHOQOL-BREF e a autoavaliação para a avaliação da percepção da qualidade de vida. Foram comparadas as diferenças de percepção do ambiente de ensino e qualidade de vida entre os sexos e os diferentes anos do curso. RESULTADOS: De 1.650 estudantes randomizados, 1.350 (81,8%) completaram todos os questionários da plataforma VERAS. A média do escore total do DREEM (119,4 ± 27,1) revelou que a percepção do ambiente de ensino é mais positiva que negativa. Houve uma pequena diferença significativa entre a média dos escores dos estudantes do sexo masculino (121,0 ± 27,2) e feminino (118,0 ± 27,0) (p=0,048). Estudantes do sexo feminino apresentaram médias dos escores significativamente menores nos domínios Acadêmico e Social do DREEM (p < 0...

Avaliação da empatia de estudantes de medicina em uma universidade na cidade de São Paulo utilizando dois instrumentos; Evaluating empathy in undergraduate medical students from a University in São Paulo using two questionnaires

Moreto, Graziela
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/04/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
Objetivo: avaliar o grau de empatia dos estudantes de medicina e suas mudanças durante o curso médico de uma Faculdade na cidade de São Paulo, Brasil. Método: Estudo descritivo, comparativo e transversal. Amostra não aleatória de 296 alunos. O estudo foi conduzido de Setembro até Dezembro de 2013. A avaliação da empatia foi realizada usando a escala de empatia médica de Jefferson (JSPE) na versão para estudantes de medicina, e a escala multidimensional de reatividade interpessoal de Davis (EMRI) na versão validade e adaptada no Brasil. Ambas escalas foram aplicadas simultaneamente a cada aluno. A JSPE contém 20 itens que são respondidos de acordo com a variante de escala de Likert de sete pontos (Concordo = 7 / Discordo = 1) .Esta escala avalia atributos cognitivos da empatia. A EMRI contém 21 itens que são respondidos de acordo com a escala de Likert de cinco pontos ( Descreve-me muito bem = 5 / Não me descreve muito bem = 1). Esta escala avalia tanto componentes cognitivos quanto afetivos da empatia. Os alunos foram divididos em três grupos de acordo com o ano da graduação: o grupo básico (1º e 2º ano), grupo clínico (3º e 4º ano ) e o grupo do internato (5 º e 6 º ano), e foram comparados os escores de empatia entre os três grupos. Resultados: Ao aplicar JSPE não houve uma diferença significativa quando comparado o escore entre os 3 grupos. Por outro lado ao aplicar a EMRI foi identificado um escore de empatia significativamente menor no grupo do internato quando avaliado o componente afetivo (p < 0...

Headache is associated with lower alcohol consumption among medical students

Domingues,Renan Barros; Domingues,Simone Aires
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between headache and alcohol consumption among medical students. 480 medical students were submitted to a questionnaire about headaches and drinking alcohol. Headache was assessed by ID-Migraine and functional disability was evaluated with MIDAS. The evaluation of alcohol consumption was assessed with Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). There was significantly lower proportion of students with drinking problem among students with headache. This occurred both among students classified as having migraine and among those who had non-migrainous headache. There was not a correlation between functional disability of headache and AUDIT score. Our data suggest that having headache leads to a reduction in alcohol consumption among medical students regardless the degree of headache functional impact.

Frequency of hepatitis B immunity and occupational exposures to body fluids among brazilian medical students at a public university

Oliveira,Luiz Carlos Marques de; Pontes,João Paulo Jordão
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
In the present study the frequencies of immunity against hepatitis B (HB) and of potentially contaminating accidents among medical students of a Brazilian public university were evaluated. Of all the 400 students who should have been immunized, 303 (75.7%), 66.3% of whom were women, answered an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire. Serum anti-HBs were determined in 205 of them and titers > 10 UI/L were considered to be protective. A total of 86.8% of students had received three doses of HB vaccine. The frequency of immunity among women (96.4%) was higher (p = 0.04) than that among men (87.7%). Among those who did not have immunity, 12/13 (92.3%) had been vaccinated before entering medical school. Only 11% of the students with complete vaccination had previously verified serological response to the vaccine. A total of 23.6% reported having been somehow exposed to blood or secretions. Among final-year students, this frequency was 45.0%, being similar among men (47.8%) and women (43.2%). Of all these accidents, 57.7% were due to body fluids coming in contact with mucosa and 42.3% due to cut and puncture accidents. The results from this study show that: 1) the frequency of immunity against HB is high among the evaluated medical students...

HEPATITIS B VACCINATION COVERAGE AND POSTVACCINATION SEROLOGIC TESTING AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS AT A PUBLIC UNIVERSITY IN BRAZIL

Souza,Eduardo Pernambuco de; Teixeira,Marcelo de Souza
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.13%
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the hepatitis B vaccination coverage among medical students at a public university in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and their compliance with the postvaccination serologic testing recommendations. Of the total of 858 students, 675 (78.7%) participated in the study. Among the participants, 48.9% (95% CI: 45.1% to 52.7%) were vaccinated against hepatitis B (received ≥ 3 doses of the vaccine), 31.6% were not (received 0, 1 or 2 doses), and 19.6% did not know their vaccination status. Hepatitis B vaccination coverage increased from 26.0% among first-year students to 70.6% among sixth-year students while the prevalence of unknown vaccination status decreased from 39.7% among first-year students to 2.4% among sixth-year students. The frequency of unvaccinated students ranged from 23.7% among fifth-year students to 34.4% among first-year students. Only 34.8% of the vaccinated students performed the anti-HBs testing after vaccination. Among these medical students, we found a low adherence to the hepatitis B vaccination and to the postvaccination serologic testing. A comprehensive hepatitis B immunization program should be offered to students at this medical school.

First- and last-year medical students: is there a difference in the prevalence and intensity of anxiety and depressive symptoms?

Bassols,Ana M.; Okabayashi,Lucas S.; Silva,Anais B. da; Carneiro,Bruna B.; Feijó,Fernando; Guimarães,Guilherme C.; Cortes,Gabriela N.; Rohde,Luis A.; Eizirik,Claudio L.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
Objective: Medical training is considered a significant stress factor. We sought to assess the prevalence and intensity of anxiety and depressive symptoms in medical students and compare samples of first-year and sixth-year students. Method: This was a cross-sectional study of first- and sixth-year medical students who attended classes regularly. The study instruments were a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Results: A total of 232 students (110 first-year, 122 sixth-year) completed the questionnaires, for a response rate of 67.4%. Overall 50.4% of respondents were male (56.4% of first-year and 45.1% of sixth-year students). Anxiety symptoms were reported by 30.8% of first-year students and 9.4% of sixth-year students (p < 0.001). Female students were more affected by anxiety. There were no significant between-group differences in depressive symptoms. Conclusion: A higher prevalence of anxiety symptoms was found in first-year medical students as compared with sixth-year students. Strategies should be developed to help medical students, particularly female students, manage these symptoms at the beginning of their medical training.

Recognition of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) symptoms and knowledge about some other aspects of ASD among final year medical students in Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa

Bakare, M. O.; Tunde-Ayinmode, M. F.; Adewuya, A. O.; Bello-Mojeed, M. A.; Sale, S.; James, B. O.; Yunusa, M. A.; Obindo, J. T.; Igwe, M. N.; Odinka, P. C.; Okafor, C. J.; Oshodi, Y. O.; Okonoda, K. M.; Munir, K. M.; Orovwigho, A. O.
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.15%
Background: Earlier studies suggest that knowledge about Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) among healthcare workers in Nigeria is low. This present study assessed the knowledge of Nigerian final year medical students about symptoms of ASD and some other aspects of ASD. This is a cross sectional descriptive study that drew a total of seven hundred and fifty-seven (757) final year medical students from ten (10) randomly selected fully accredited medical schools out of a total of twenty-seven (27) fully accredited medical schools in Nigeria. Sociodemographic and Knowledge about Childhood Autism among Health Workers (KCAHW) questionnaires were used to assess knowledge of final year medical students about ASD and obtain demographic information. Results: Only few, 218 (28.8 %) of the 757 final year medical students had seen and participated in evaluation and management of at least a child with ASD during their clinical postings in pediatrics and psychiatry. Knowledge and recognition of symptoms of ASD is observed to be better among this group of final year medical students as shown by higher mean scores in the four domains of KCAHW questionnaire. Knowledge about ASD varies across gender and regions. Misconceptions about ASD were also observed among the final year medical students. Conclusions: More focus needs to be given to ASD in the curriculum of Nigerian undergraduate medical students...

Attracting Doctors and Medical Students to Rural Vietnam : Insights from a Discrete Choice Experiment

Vujicic, Marko; Alfano, Marco; Shengelia, Bukhuti; Witter, Sophie
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
Persuading medical doctors to work in rural areas is one of the main challenges facing health policy makers, in both developing and developed countries. Discrete Choice Experiments (DCEs) have increasingly been used to analyze the preferences of health workers, and how they would respond to alternative incentives associated with working in a rural location. Previous DCE studies focusing on the rural recruitment and retention problem have sampled either in-service health workers or students in the final year of their training program. This study is the first to sample both of these groups in the same setting. It carry out a DCE to compare how doctors and final-year medical students in Vietnam value six job attributes, and use the results to simulate the impact of alternative incentive packages on recruitment in rural areas. Results show significant differences between the two groups. The location of workplace (rural or urban) was by far the most important attribute for doctors; for medical students it was long-term education. More surprising...

The ethics of pharmaceutical industry relationships with medical students

Rogers, W.; Mansfield, P.; Braunack-Mayer, A.; Jureidini, J.
Fonte: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd Publicador: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
Little research has been done on the extent of the relationship between the pharmaceutical industry and medical students, and the effect on students of receiving gifts. Potential harms to patients are documented elsewhere; we focus on potential harms to students. Students who receive gifts may believe that they are receiving something for nothing, contributing to a sense of entitlement that is not in the best interests of their moral development as doctors. Alternatively, students may be subject to recognised or unrecognised reciprocal obligations that potentially influence their decision making. Medical educators have a duty of care to protect students from influence by pharmaceutical companies.; Wendy A Rogers, Peter R Mansfield, Annette J Braunack-Mayer and Jon N Jureidini; The document attached has been archived with permission from the editor of the Medical Journal of Australia. An external link to the publisher’s copy is included.

Personal epistemology and approaches to learning in medicine: a case study of second-year medical students.

Murray, Anne-Marie
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
Personal epistemology addresses "the theories and beliefs that individuals hold about knowledge and knowing and the way in which such epistemological perspectives are related to academic learning" (Hofer, 2004, p. 120). Hofer and Pintrich (1997) proposed that personal epistemological theories consist of two constructs: the nature of knowledge and the nature of knowing. These constructs are hypothesised to exist on a continuum ranging from naïve to sophisticated epistemological beliefs. Personal epistemology is particularly applicable to medical students in a problem-based-learning (PBL) program, as it emphasises self-directed learning, as "beliefs about knowing and knowledge are potentially important determinants of intellectual performance" (Kuhn, Cheney & Weinstock, 2000, p. 309). There is a paucity of studies in the medical education literature on personal epistemological beliefs (Knight & Mattick, 2006). Roex and Degryse (2007) argue that "insights into students‘ epistemological beliefs have yet to find their way into the curriculum" (p. 616). Savin-Baden (2000) reported that "students‘ voices are largely missing from the literature on problem-based-learning, key elements such as learning context… are rarely acknowledged" (p. 26). The aims of this study was to investigate how personal epistemological beliefs were conceptualised by medical students at the end of their first two years in a PBL medical program; whether their beliefs evolved over the first two years and were related to the process of learning; and whether they differed between students from the lowest and highest ranked academic groups. A qualitative research design framed this investigation. A series of interviews were conducted with 12 second year medical students selected according to a maximum variation purposeful sampling technique (Patton...

Can medical students contribute to quality assurance programmes in day surgery?

Rudkin, Glenda E.; O'Driscoll, M. C. E.; Limb, Robin I.
Fonte: Blackwell Science Publicador: Blackwell Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1999 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.13%
Subjects and methods: Health care delivery has undertaken a major shift from inpatient management to ambulatory surgical care with increasing emphasis on quality assurance (QA) processes. Educational opportunities for medical undergraduate programmes are being sought in the day surgery environment. Our study was undertaken to explore ways in which senior medical students can actively contribute to the QA processes as part of an undergraduate day surgery educational programme. Subjects and methods: Fifty-nine final year medical students followed allocated patients with common surgical conditions through all phases of the day surgery process. Students kept records about each case in a log book and also presented their cases at weekly Problem Based Learning tutorials. An audit of student log books and review of tutorial records was conducted for the 1996 and 1997 academic years, in order to evaluate student contribution to QA. Results: Students followed 621 cases, representing a sampling of 14·1% day surgery cases. Categories of problems highlighted by students included inappropriate patient and procedure selection, inadequate pain management, discharge, communication and resource issues. Students made a number of recommendations including the development of multilingual videotapes and patient information sheets for non-English speaking patients...

A qualitative evaluation of the short and longer-term influences of a diabetes simulation upon medical undergraduates' attitudes

Chur-Hansen, A.; Vernon-Roberts, J.; Liston, M.; Green, L.; Harding, P.
Fonte: Australasian and New Zealand Association for Medical Education Publicador: Australasian and New Zealand Association for Medical Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
This study aimed to assess whether medical students' attitudes towards, and awareness about diabetes are influenced by a diabetes lifestyle simulation exercise, and whether any change might be long term. Eighty- one third year medical students undertook a two day exercise in which they monitored their blood glucose level (BGL), gave dummy injections of insulin and had to make responses to hypothetical scenarios of disordered diabetes control. Students recorded their subjective impressions in a persona journal. Three years later, a sample of these students was interviewed about the perceived impact of the exercise on their subsequent training and possible implications for future clinical practice. Content analysis of students' journals showed that their comments fell into five main themes; an understanding of the difficulty or otherwise with diet, blood glucose level monitoring, routine, and injecting insulin, and awareness of the impact of diabetes on life. Content analysis of interviews revealed that in the long-term students considered the simulation as useful in maintaining an awareness of what it might be like to have diabetes. Whilst the simulation was seen to increase empathy for patients, a lack of clinical experience and patient contact...

Medical Students Circadian Sleep Rhythms and Academic Performance; Ritmos circadianos de sueño y rendimiento académico en estudiantes de medicina

Pérez Olmos, Isabel; Talero-Gutiérrez, Claudia; González-Reyes, Rodrigo; Moreno, Carlos B.
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/05/2010 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
Objective: to evaluate, with a preliminary study, the distribution of circadian rhythms, sleep schedule patterns and their relationship with academic performance on medical students. Methodology: in this descriptive study, a 10 item original questionnaire about sleep rhythms and academic performance was applied to medical students from different semesters. Week (class time) and weekend schedules, preferences, daytime somnolence and academic performance were asked. Three chronotypes (morningness, intermediate and eveningness) were defined among waking-sleeping preference, difficulty to sleep early, exam preparation preference hour and real sleep schedule. The sleep hour deficit per week night was also calculated. Results: Of the 318 medical students that answered the questionnaire, 62.6% corresponded to intermediate chronotypes, 8.8% to evening-type and 28.7% to morning-type. Significant difference was found among the two chronotype tails (p=0.000, Chi-square 31.13). No correlation was found between academic performance and age, sex, chronotype, week sleep deficit and sleep hours in week and weekends. A 71.1% of the students slept 6 or fewer hours during class time and 78% had a sleep deficit (more frequent in the evening chronotype). Conclusions: No relation was found between sleep chronotype and academic performance. Students tend to morningness. Few studies have been made on equatorial zones or without seasons; Objetivo: hacer un estudio preliminar de la distribución de los ritmos circadianos...

Ireland's medical brain drain: migration intentions of Irish medical students

Gouda, Pishoy; Kitt, Kevin; Evans, David S; Goggin, Deirdre; McGrath, Deirdre; Last, Jason; Hennessy, Martina; Arnett, Richard; O'Flynn, Siun; Dunne, Fidelma; O'Donovan, Diarmuid
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
peer-reviewed; Background: To provide the optimum level of healthcare, it is important that the supply of well-trained doctors meets the demand. However, despite many initiatives, Ireland continues to have a shortfall of physicians, which has been projected to persist. Our study aimed to investigate the migration intentions of Irish medical students and identify the factors that influence their decisions in order to design appropriate interventions to sustain the supply of trained doctors in order to maintain a viable medical system.Methods: An online cross-sectional survey was undertaken of all Irish medical students studying in the Republic of Ireland. The survey included nominal, ordinal, and scale items to determine migration intentions, factors influencing their decisions, and understanding of the Irish healthcare system.Results: A total of 2 273 medical students responded (37% response rate), of whom 1 519 were classified as Irish medical students (having completed secondary school in Ireland). Of these, 88% indicated they were either definitely migrating or contemplating migrating following graduation or completion of the pre-registration intern year. Forty percent expressed an intention of returning to Ireland within 5 years. The factors most influencing their decision to leave were career opportunities (85%)...

Healthy Lifestyles and Attitudes Towards Preventive Counseling: a Survey of Chinese and US Medical Students

Sebranek, Matthew Paul
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%

BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases are currently the leading cause of death worldwide. Leading healthy lifestyles as a means of prevention is one of the most important aspects of preventing the occurrence of non-communicable diseases. Working from the premise that physicians globally serve as role models for patients and their health beliefs can influence how they interact and counsel patients, this international study ("MedLife") seeks to examine the self-report of health behaviors and clinical practice attitudes towards preventive counseling of medical students at institutions in China and the US, and identify any associations between these behaviors and students' clinical practice attitudes towards preventive counseling of future patients.

METHODS: From 2012-2013, a total of 860/1,216 (response rate = 71%) medical students from Duke University in the US and Peking University Health Science Center and Xi'an Jiaotong University in China completed culturally-adapted web versions of the 33-item "MedLife" questionnaire. Items from the survey were pulled from previously validated survey tools and included questions on diet, exercise, smoking, and alcohol consumption. Alcohol consumption was divided into heavy drinking and binge drinking. Prevalence estimates of health behaviors and attitudes towards preventive counseling in the domains of diet...

Uso de substâncias psicoativas entre estudantes de Medicina de Salvador (BA); Psychoactive substance use by medical students from Salvador (BA)

Lemos, Kleuber Moreira; Neves, Nedy Maria Branco Cerqueira; Kuwano, André Yoichi; Tedesqui, Gustavo; Bitencourt, Almir Galvão Vieira; Neves, Flávia Branco Cerqueira Serra; Guimarães, Andréia Nunes; Rebello, Andrea; Bacellar, Fernanda; Lima, Mônica M
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2007 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
CONTEXTO: Estudos indicam que estudantes de Medicina, apesar do seu dedutível conhecimento sobre os efeitos das substâncias psicoativas, consomem-nas em proporção semelhante à dos jovens de mesma idade na população geral. OBJETIVO: Analisar o padrão local do consumo dessas substâncias entre graduandos de Medicina e contribuir na formulação de atividades preventivas. MÉTODOS: Aplicação de questionário semi-estruturado no qual foi avaliada a freqüência de uso das substâncias psicoativas entre os estudantes, assim como as principais razões apontadas para o consumo. Foram analisados 404 questionários obtidos entre alunos dos seis anos de curso das duas maiores escolas médicas de Salvador. RESULTADOS: As drogas mais utilizadas no critério uso na vida foram álcool (92,8%) e lança-perfume (46,2%). O uso de álcool apresentou-se constante nos seis anos de curso. Entretanto, o uso de tabaco, lança-perfume e tranqüilizantes aumentou significativamente para os alunos dos últimos anos (p < 0,05). Há um maior consumo de drogas pelo gênero masculino. Diversão foi apontada como razão mais importante para o uso dessas substâncias (58,7% das respostas válidas). CONCLUSÃO: O consumo de substâncias psicoativas entre estudantes de Medicina de Salvador é considerado alto...

Innovative methods in teaching psychiatry to medical students

Lobo,Antonio; Cámara,Concepción de-la; Campos,Ricardo; Ventura,Tirso; Marco,Carlos; Campayo,Antonio; Dourdil,Federico; Barcones,Mari Fé; Saz,Pedro
Fonte: The European Journal of Psychiatry Publicador: The European Journal of Psychiatry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
Background and Objectives: To test the conjecture that the innovative method to teach psychosomatic psychiatry previously reported will be confirmed as beneficial in the training of medical students in the field of general psychiatry. Methods: The emphasis in this course is placed on the discussion of clinical cases, bed-side clinical teaching, and a research-oriented part. The “Innovative Teaching Plan” (ITP) is intended to train student-leaders to guide small groups (SG) of students. The results of an intensive clerkship on bedside teaching are also studied. Trainee performance was assessed by the marks in the final examination, and a reliable and valid tool, the Medical Tea­ching Quality Questionnaire (MTQQ) was used to document trainee satisfaction. The results of five academic courses are presented in this report. Results: External experts consulted assured that the content of the course was adequate. Eight hundred and thirty eight medical students have completed the learning course in the study period, and 418 (one of the two groups) completed the evaluation with the MTQQ. Most items related to the students' satisfaction were rated “high” or “very high”, including the items asking about the usefulness of the course for physicians...

Anxiety and depression in medical students related to desire for and expectations from a medical career

Karaoglu,N; Şeker,M
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2010 EN
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OBJECTIVE: In this article, we aimed to analyse the anxiety and depression levels of medical student's related to their desire for a career in medicine and expectations from that career. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, students from the first two years of medical school filled-out a questionnaire consisting of demographics, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scales (HADS) and questions about their medical career decision. RESULTS: The mean anxiety score was 7.66 ± 3.21 and the mean depression score was 5.77 ± 3.45. According to cut-off levels, 20.3% of medical students had anxiety, 29.3% had depressive symptoms. Males and second year students had significantly high levels of depression (p < 0.05). Students who were pressured to become doctors and who expected to gain much money were both more anxious and more depressed (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: External pressures, desire to become a medical doctor and expectations from a medical education have significant effects on anxiety and depression levels of medical students. Guidance for affected students is important and this is the responsibility of medical educators and faculties.