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Doença mental materna: ações de parenting e suporte social.; Maternal mental illness: parenting practice and social support.

Pereira, Andrea Ruzzi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/07/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
A reforma psiquiátrica possibilitou o tratamento de doentes mentais em serviços de saúde da comunidade, ampliando as condições de mulheres doentes mentais constituírem família e criarem seus filhos. O presente trabalho teve por objetivos identificar associaçõ es entre práticas parentais de mães portadoras de transtornos mentais, suporte social e condições sócio-econômicas das mesmas e de verificar possíveis diferenças entre práticas parentais de mães com transtorno mental e mães saudáveis. A pesquisa foi realizada com 41 mulheres portadoras de transtorno mental e seus filhos adolescentes, comparando-se com 41 díades mãe-filho saudáveis, de uma pequena cidade do interior de São Paulo. Os dados foram coletados através do Questionário de Suporte Social, das Escalas de Exigência e Responsividade Parentais e do Critério de Classificação Econômica Brasil. Os resultados evidenciam maior insatisfa ção com o suporte social recebido por famílias cuja mãe é portadora de transtorno mental, e que nessas famílias, os pais são menos responsivos do que os pais do grupo comparado. O estudo também encontrou que as mães do grupo comparado são mais exigentes e responsivas do que as mães do grupo de estudo; que as mães de ambos os grupos são mais responsivas e mais exigentes com os filhos mais jovens e que a situação econômica familiar também influencia no cuidado materno. Conclui-se que a doença mental influencia nas ações de cuidado materno; que o baixo suporte social e condições financeiras precárias podem influenciar de forma negativa...

Maternidade na adolescência: o apoio social da família para o cuidado materno e autocuidado na perspectiva das adolescentes; Teenage motherhood: the familiar social support to the maternal health care and self care from the teenagers´ perspective

Laudade, Lígia Gonzaga Ramos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/08/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
A gravidez na adolescência é uma importante temática em saúde pública por relacionar-se à saúde sexual e reprodutiva das adolescentes, exigindo que a jovem mãe adquira responsabilidade e habilidades para o cuidado materno e o autocuidado. Apresenta-se como um momento difícil, pois requer reestruturação pessoal e social, sendo o apoio familiar fundamental para a superação das adversidades, permitindo que a mãe adolescente possa ser a protagonista de sua história. O presente estudo tem como objetivo analisar o apoio social no contexto da família, considerando o perfil estrutural e funcional da família de puérperas adolescentes frente à maternidade, especificamente no cuidado materno e no autocuidado no puerpério. Utiliza-se a abordagem quantitativa para análise da rede social, segundo o Modelo de Escolta Social. Para compreender o significado das vivências da maternidade pelas adolescentes e o apoio social recebido para o cuidado materno e autocuidado, utiliza-se a abordagem qualitativa. Foram realizadas entrevistas com puérperas adolescentes, analisadas por meio da técnica de análise e interpretação de sentidos, sobre a perspectiva teórica do apoio social. A maioria das adolescentes era primípara...

Depressão materna e comportamento de crianças: estressores, práticas parentais positivas e suporte social; Maternal depression and child behaviour: stressors, positive parenting practices and social support

Silva, Ana Paula Casagrande
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/04/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.18%
A depressão materna é reconhecida como uma adversidade ao comportamento infantil. O estudo se insere em lacunas apontadas pela literatura quanto à necessidade de abordar, de forma combinada, múltiplas condições contextuais de risco e proteção associadas à depressão materna. Objetivou-se identificar condições de risco e de proteção para problemas comportamentais de crianças que convivem com a depressão materna, em comparação a crianças que convivem com mães sem transtornos psiquiátricos, focalizando estressores, práticas parentais positivas e suporte social, e as possíveis associações entre essas variáveis. Avaliou-se 100 díades mães-crianças, distribuídas em dois grupos: G1 50 díades mães-crianças, cujas mães apresentaram história de depressão recorrente; e G2 50 díades mães-crianças, cujas mães não apresentaram transtornos psiquiátricos. A identificação das mães participantes foi feita junto a serviços de saúde de Ribeirão Preto - SP, e as crianças, de ambos os sexos, com idade entre sete e 12 anos, foram identificadas por meio de suas mães. Procedeu-se à coleta de dados com mães e crianças em situação individual face a face. As mães responderam aos seguintes instrumentos: (a) Entrevista Clínica Estruturada para o DSM-IV; (b) Questionário Geral; (c) Questionário de Capacidades e Dificuldades; (d) Inventário de Recursos do Ambiente Familiar; (e) Escala de Eventos Adversos; (f) Escala de Adversidade Crônica e (g) Entrevista com Roteiro Semi-Estruturado para a avaliação de estressores...

Maternal support in the delivery room and birthweight among African-American women.

Lespinasse, Antoine Alexandra; David, Richard J.; Collins, James W.; Handler, Arden S.; Wall, Stephen N.
Fonte: National Medical Association Publicador: National Medical Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
OBJECTIVES: We performed a hospital-based case control study of African-American mothers to explore the relationship between maternal support by a significant other in the delivery room and very low birthweight (VLBW). METHODS: We administered a structured questionnaire to mothers of VLBW (less than 1,500 g; N=104) and normal birthweight (greater or equal to 2,500 g; N=208) infants. RESULTS: The odds ratio for VLBW comparing women without social support in the delivery room to those with a companion was 3.5 (2.1-5.8). Several traditional risk factors were not associated with VLBW, but older maternal age and perceived racial discrimination were. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal support in the delivery room or factors closely associated with it significantly decreases the odds of delivering a VLBW infant for African-American women.

Mothers matter! Maternal support, dominance status and mating success in male bonobos (Pan paniscus)

Surbeck, Martin; Mundry, Roger; Hohmann, Gottfried
Fonte: The Royal Society Publicador: The Royal Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.99%
Variation in male mating success is often related to rank differences. Males who are unable to monopolize oestrous females alone may engage in coalitions, thus enhancing their mating success. While studies on chimpanzees and dolphins suggest that coalitions are independent of kinship, information from female philopatric species shows the importance of kin support, especially from mothers, on the reproductive success of females. Therefore, one might expect a similar effect on sons in male philopatric species. We evaluate mating success determinants in male bonobos using data from nine male individuals from a wild population. Results reveal a steep, linear male dominance hierarchy and a positive correlation between dominance status and mating success. In addition to rank, the presence of mothers enhances the mating success of sons and reduces the proportion of matings by the highest ranking male. Mothers and sons have high association rates and mothers provide agonistic aid to sons in conflicts with other males. As bonobos are male-philopatric and adult females occupy high dominance status, maternal support extends into adulthood and females have the leverage to intervene in male conflicts. The absence of female support to unrelated males suggests that mothers gain indirect fitness benefits by supporting their sons.

Maternal support in early childhood predicts larger hippocampal volumes at school age

Luby, Joan L.; Barch, Deanna M.; Belden, Andy; Gaffrey, Michael S.; Tillman, Rebecca; Babb, Casey; Nishino, Tomoyuki; Suzuki, Hideo; Botteron, Kelly N.
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
Early maternal support has been shown to promote specific gene expression, neurogenesis, adaptive stress responses, and larger hippocampal volumes in developing animals. In humans, a relationship between psychosocial factors in early childhood and later amygdala volumes based on prospective data has been demonstrated, providing a key link between early experience and brain development. Although much retrospective data suggests a link between early psychosocial factors and hippocampal volumes in humans, to date there has been no prospective data to inform this potentially important public health issue. In a longitudinal study of depressed and healthy preschool children who underwent neuroimaging at school age, we investigated whether early maternal support predicted later hippocampal volumes. Maternal support observed in early childhood was strongly predictive of hippocampal volume measured at school age. The positive effect of maternal support on hippocampal volumes was greater in nondepressed children. These findings provide prospective evidence in humans of the positive effect of early supportive parenting on healthy hippocampal development, a brain region key to memory and stress modulation.

Parent-child interaction, maternal depressive symptoms and preterm infant cognitive function

McManus, Beth M.; Poehlmann, Julie
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
Preterm infants are at risk for cognitive difficulties due to infant neurological immaturity and family social disadvantage, and this may be exacerbated by maternal depressive symptoms. This longitudinal study of infants born preterm (<35 weeks) or low birth weight (<2500 grams) (n=137) tests if maternal depressive symptoms at 4 months is associated with preterm children’s cognitive function at 16 months. Additionally, we test if this association is mediated by the quality of parent-child interaction at 9 months, and if these associations differ by levels of maternal social support. Children’s cognitive function was measured using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, 2nd edition. Maternal depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Perceived social support was measured using the Maternal Support scale. The quality of parent-child interaction was measured using the Parent-Child Early Relational Assessment. Linear regression and structural equation modeling were used to test the research questions. Postnatal depression at 4 months is associated with lower cognitive function (mean difference=−5.22, 95% CI:[−10.19, −0.25]) at 16 months controlling for a host of socioeconomic characteristics. For mothers with fewer depressive symptoms...

Childhood Maternal Support and Social Capital Moderate the Regulatory Impact of Social Relationships in Adulthood

Coan, James A.; Beckes, Lane; Allen, Joseph P.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
For this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we assessed the impact of early social experiences on the social regulation of neural threat responding in a sample of 22 individuals that have been followed for over a decade. At 13 years old, a multidimensional measure of neighborhood quality was derived from parental reports. Three measures of neighborhood quality were used to estimate social capital—the level of trust, reciprocity, cooperation, and shared resources within a community. At 16 years old, an observational measure of maternal emotional support behavior was derived from a mother/child social interaction task. At 24 years old, participants were asked to visit our neuroimaging facility with an opposite-sex platonic friend. During their MRI visit, participants were subjected to the threat of electric shock while holding their friend’s hand, the hand of an anonymous opposite-sex experimenter, or no hand at all. Higher adolescent maternal support corresponded with less threat-related activation during friend handholding, but not during the stranger or alone conditions, in the bilateral orbitofrontal cortex, inferior frontal gyrus and left insula. Higher neighborhood social capital corresponded with less threat-related activation during friend hand-holding in the superior frontal gyrus...

Protective Effects of Maternal and Peer Support on Depressive Symptoms during Adolescence

Vaughan, Christine A.; Foshee, Vangie A.; Ennett, Susan T.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.28%
The current study examined the contributions of maternal and peer support to depressive symptoms in early to mid-adolescence and variation in these contributions across age, gender, and race. Five waves of data on maternal support, peer support, and depressive symptoms were collected on rural youth (N = 3,444) at six month intervals. Multilevel modeling was used to evaluate within and between-person effects of maternal and peer support on depressive symptoms. Within-person effects of peer support did not vary by age, gender, or race. At the between-person level, peer support predicted levels of depressive symptoms at age 12, but this effect became nonsignificant after controlling for maternal support. Within-person effects of maternal support did not vary with age but were qualified by gender and race. Between-person effects of maternal support on depressive symptom levels at age 12 and slopes varied across race and gender, respectively. Findings highlight the robustness of the protective effects of maternal and peer support during adolescence among girls and white youth.

Convergence and Divergence in Reports of Maternal Support Following Childhood Sexual Abuse: Prevalence and Associations with Youth Psychosocial Adjustment

Bick, Johanna; Zajac, Kristyn; Ralston, M. Elizabeth; Smith, Daniel
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
This study examined the convergence and divergence in mothers’ and children’s reports of maternal support following disclosures of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). One hundred and twenty mothers and their children (ages 7 to 17 years) reported on two aspects of support following CSA disclosures: mothers’ belief in the child’s disclosure and parent-child discussion of the abuse incident. Whereas 62% of mothers’ and children’s reports on mothers’ belief of the disclosure positively converged (i.e., both reported that mothers “completely believed” the child’s disclosure), 37% of mothers’ and children’s reports diverged, and the remaining 1% negatively converged (i.e., both reported that the mother only believed the child “somewhat”). Positively convergent responses were associated with youths’ lower risk for tobacco and illicit drug use. Forty four percent of mothers’ and children’s reports on whether details of the CSA were discussed positively converged (i.e., both reported that details were discussed), 33% diverged, and 23% negatively converged (i.e., both reported that details were not discussed). Relative to other patterns of reporting, negatively convergent responses were associated with higher levels of trauma symptoms. Findings have implications for identifying high-risk mother-child dyads based on patterns of informant reporting following CSA.

Intergenerational impacts of maternal mortality: Qualitative findings from rural Malawi

Bazile, Junior; Rigodon, Jonas; Berman, Leslie; Boulanger, Vanessa M; Maistrellis, Emily; Kausiwa, Pilira; Yamin, Alicia Ely
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
Background: Maternal mortality, although largely preventable, remains unacceptably high in developing countries such as Malawi and creates a number of intergenerational impacts. Few studies have investigated the far-reaching impacts of maternal death beyond infant survival. This study demonstrates the short- and long-term impacts of maternal death on children, families, and the community in order to raise awareness of the true costs of maternal mortality and poor maternal health care in Neno, a rural and remote district in Malawi. Methods: Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted to assess the impact of maternal mortality on child, family, and community well-being. We conducted 20 key informant interviews, 20 stakeholder interviews, and six sex-stratified focus group discussions in the seven health centers that cover the district. Transcripts were translated, coded, and analyzed in NVivo 10. Results: Participants noted a number of far-reaching impacts on orphaned children, their new caretakers, and extended families following a maternal death. Female relatives typically took on caregiving responsibilities for orphaned children, regardless of the accompanying financial hardship and frequent lack of familial or governmental support. Maternal death exacerbated children’s vulnerabilities to long-term health and social impacts related to nutrition...

“Without a mother”: caregivers and community members’ views about the impacts of maternal mortality on families in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Knight, Lucia; Yamin, Alicia Ely
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
Background: Maternal mortality in South Africa is high and a cause for concern especially because the bulk of deaths from maternal causes are preventable. One of the proposed reasons for persistently high maternal mortality is HIV which causes death both indirectly and directly. While there is some evidence for the impact of maternal death on children and families in South Africa, few studies have explored the impacts of maternal mortality on the well-being of the surviving infants, older children and family. This study provides qualitative insight into the consequences of maternal mortality for child and family well-being throughout the life-course. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted in rural and peri-urban communities in Vulindlela, KwaZulu-Natal. The sample included 22 families directly affected by maternal mortality, 15 community stakeholders and 7 community focus group discussions. These provided unique and diverse perspectives about the causes, experiences and impacts of maternal mortality. Results and discussion Children left behind were primarily cared for by female family members, even where a father was alive and involved. The financial burden for care and children’s basic needs were largely met through government grants (direct and indirectly targeted at children) and/or through an obligation for the father or his family to assist. The repercussions of losing a mother were felt more by older children for whom it was harder for caregivers to provide educational supervision and emotional or psychological support. Respondents expressed concerns about adolescent’s educational attainment...

Impacts of maternal mortality on living children and families: A qualitative study from Butajira, Ethiopia

Molla, Mitike; Mitiku, Israel; Worku, Alemayehu; Yamin, Alicia Ely
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
Background: The consequences of maternal mortality on orphaned children and the family members who support them are dramatic, especially in countries that have high maternal mortality like Ethiopia. As part of a four country, mixed-methods study (Ethiopia, Malawi, South Africa, and Tanzania) qualitative data were collected in Butajira, Ethiopia with the aim of exploring the far reaching consequences of maternal deaths on families and children. Methods: We conducted interviews with 28 adult family members of women who died from maternal causes, as well as 13 stakeholders (government officials, civil society, and a UN agency); and held 10 focus group discussions with 87 community members. Data were analyzed using NVivo10 software for qualitative analysis. Results: We found that newborns and children whose mothers died from maternal causes face nutrition deficits, and are less likely to access needed health care than children with living mothers. Older children drop out of school to care for younger siblings and contribute to household and farm labor which may be beyond their capacity and age, and often choose migration in search of better opportunities. Family fragmentation is common following maternal death, leading to tenuous relationships within a household with the births and prioritization of additional children further stretching limited financial resources. Currently...

Community-based Maternal and Child Nutrition and Health Interventions in Nigeria : A Comparative Case Study Analysis on Best Practices

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
This study discusses how to effectively engage in community-based nutrition and health programs aimed to improve maternal, newborn, and child nutrition and health outcomes, particularly in Northern Nigeria. It provides the comparative synthesis of four case studies, each of which included a community action component for improving nutrition and health outcomes. It provides a normative base for designing and planning government programs that support reforms in outcome-based programming for maternal, newborn, and child nutrition and health through program support and investment lending. Central to the report is the discussion on the roles played by various stakeholders - state and local government, NGOs, traditional and religious leaders, and communities themselves - in creating and sustaining community mobilization. The factors considered essential or useful contributors to community mobilization are analyzed. The history of government s role in Nigerian health care is discussed, as well as the current situation and future possibilities...

Infant emotionality moderates relations between maternal parenting in early childhood and children's reactivity and effortful control at 54 months: Differential susceptibility or gene-environment dual risk vulnerability

Manzeske, David P.
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
Thesis (Ph.D.) - Indiana University, School of Education, 2009; The current study utilizes data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (Research Triangle Institute, 2002) to explore the moderating effect of infant emotionality (i.e., emotional intensity and negative mood) on maternal emotional support (i.e., responsivity and rejection) during early childhood predicting childhood levels of reactivity and effortful control. A primary aim of the current investigation was to determine if moderated effects were better accounted for by one of two explanatory models: gene-environment dual risk vulnerability or differential susceptibility. Predicting later levels of childhood reactivity, infants with high levels of emotional intensity were more vulnerable to maternal rejection than infants with low levels of emotional intensity. Predicting later levels of childhood reactivity and effortful control, infants with high levels of negative mood were more vulnerable to maternal rejection than infants with low levels of negative mood. The above findings are in support of gene-environment dual risk vulnerability. Findings are discussed in light of other results in support of differential susceptibility...

An equivalence evaluation of a nurse-moderated group-based internet support program for new mothers versus standard care: a pragmatic preference randomised controlled trial

Sawyer, A.C.P.; Lynch, J.; Bowering, K.; Jeffs, D.; Clark, J.; Mpundu-Kaambwa, C.; Sawyer, M.G.
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
BACKGROUND: All mothers in South Australia are offered a clinic or home-visit by a Child and Family Health community nurse in the initial postnatal weeks. Subsequent support is available on request from staff in community clinics and from a telephone helpline. The aim of the present study is to compare equivalence of a single clinic-based appointment plus a nurse-moderated group-based internet intervention when infants were aged 0-6 months versus a single home-visit together with subsequent standard services (the latter support was available to mothers in both study groups). METHODS/DESIGN: The evaluation utilised a pragmatic preference randomised trial comparing the equivalence of outcomes for mothers and infants across the two study groups. Eligible mothers were those whose services were provided by nurses working in one of six community clinics in the metropolitan region of Adelaide. Mothers were excluded if they did not have internet access, required an interpreter, or their nurse clinician recommended that they not participate due to issues such as domestic violence or substance abuse. Randomisation was based on the service identification number sequentially assigned to infants when referred to the Child and Family Health Services from birthing units (this was done by administrative staff who had no involvement in recruiting mothers...

Climate and maternal effects modify sex ratios in a weakly dimorphic marsupial

Delean, J.; De'ath, G.; Marsh, H.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
There is growing evidence that the sex ratios of wild vertebrate populations are determined by mechanisms that are directly influenced by environmental characteristics. The Trivers–Willard (TWH) and extrinsic modification (EMH) hypotheses postulate differing determinants of mammalian offspring sex ratios. TWH states that mothers allocate resources according to their current condition and sex-specific offspring costs. EMH states that environmental forces that affect maternal condition determine offspring sex ratios, independently of maternal tactics of sex-biased allocation. We statistically assessed support for each of these hypotheses using long-term life histories of the allied rock-wallaby, Petrogale assimilis; a continuously breeding, polygynous, weakly dimorphic marsupial. We showed that birth sex ratios were equal and independent of maternal and environmental conditions. However, secondary sex ratios were male-biased under good environmental conditions and for high quality mothers or mothers in good condition. Sex differences in offspring survival contributed to these biases: (1) environmental conditions strongly influenced survival to pouch emergence (in support of EMH) and (2) maternal quality affected survival to the end of maternal care (in support of TWH). Environmental effects on survival were more important than maternal factors over the entire period of maternal care and contributed most to male-biased sex ratios at pouch emergence. In contrast...

An Assessment of LAC's Vital Statistics System : The Foundation of Maternal and Infant Mortality Monitoring

Danel, Isabella; Bortman, Marcelo
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
Vital records, the registration of births, deaths, marriages and divorces, and the vital statistics derived from these records serve two important purposes. Firstly, vital records are legal documents, but the focus of this review, is the role of vital records to create demographic and epidemiological statistics that are used in monitoring trends and developing health policies and programs. Vital statistics are classic public goods, and the World Bank is keenly interested in assisting countries in the Latin America region to strengthen their vital statistics systems. This assessment reviews the status and evolution of vital statistics systems in Latin America and makes recommendations for improving their coverage, quality, and timeliness. The strongest systems in the region on the measures of coverage, quality and timeliness are found in Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, and Uruguay. This review found that countries in Latin America are well ahead of many other regions in the world in developing their vital registration systems. Yet challenges remain before these systems can support results-oriented health programs. Concerted efforts to improve these systems are likely to generate large payoffs in terms of supporting better public policies. Vital statistics should very soon replace surveys in Latin America as the most important primary source of information about births and deaths given their potential to more effectively guide policymaking and monitor results related to the maternal and infant health Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

Toward a broader approach to the study of infant attachment : links between maternal autonomy-support, attachment state of mind, maternal sensitivity, and infant security of attachment

Whipple, Natasha
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.34%
Dans le but d’examiner les mécanismes qui sous-tendent le développement de la sécurité d’attachement chez l’enfant, Grossmann et al. (1999; 2008) proposent une perspective plus vaste de l’étude de l’attachement chez l’enfant, examinant les comportements parentaux pertinents aux deux côtés de l’équilibre entre le système d’attachement et le système d’exploration. La thèse se base sur cette approche pour explorer la relation entre la sécurité d’attachement chez l’enfant et deux comportements maternels, soit la sensibilité maternelle et le soutien à l’autonomie maternel, de même que la relation entre ces deux comportements et l’état d’esprit maternel face à l’attachement. Le premier article propose que la théorie de l’autodétermination, avec ses études empiriques portant sur les comportements parentaux liés à l’exploration, offre une perspective utile pour l’étude des comportements d’exploration dans le cadre de l’équilibre attachement/exploration. L’article présente une revue théorique et empirique des domaines de l’attachement et de la théorie de l’autodétermination et souligne des analogies conceptuelles et empiriques entre les deux domaines, en plus de décrire la façon dont ils se complètent et se complémentent. Le deuxième article étudie les liens entre la sensibilité maternelle...

Doença mental materna, estilos parentais e suporte social: estudo das concepções de mães e adolescentes no interior de São Paulo; Maternal mental disease, parental styles and social support: study of the conceptions of the mothers and adolescents in the countryside of São Paulo state

Ruzzi-Pereira, Andrea; Santos, Jair Lício Ferreira
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2012 ENG; POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
A observação de mulheres nos serviços de saúde mental motivou o interesse em pesquisar como tais mães cuidam de seus filhos e como esses percebem os cuidados. Este estudo objetivou identificar associações entre práticas parentais de mães doentes mentais, suporte social e condições socioeconômicas; e verificar possíveis diferenças entre práticas parentais de mães doentes e mães saudáveis. Estudo de casos e controles, quantitativo. Participaram 41 mulheres doentes mentais e seus filhos adolescentes e 41 díades mãe-filho saudáveis. Observou-se maior insatisfação com o suporte social recebido pelas mães doentes, que nessas famílias os pais são menos responsivos do que os pais do grupo comparado; mães do grupo de comparação são mais exigentes e responsivas do que as do grupo de estudo; a situação econômica familiar também influencia no cuidado materno. Conclui-se que os transtornos de humor, em especial os transtornos depressivos e ansiosos, o suporte social recebido e condições financeiras influenciam nas ações de cuidado materno.; An observation of the women in the mental health service motivated the interest in researching as such mothers take care of their children and how these ones perceive this care. This study objectified to identify associations between parental practices of mental diseased mothers...